Edwin Carey Whittemore.

The centennial history of Waterville, Kennebec County, Maine, including the oration, the historical address and the poem presented at the celebration of the centennial anniversary of the incorporation of the town, June 23d, 1902 .. online

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Online LibraryEdwin Carey WhittemoreThe centennial history of Waterville, Kennebec County, Maine, including the oration, the historical address and the poem presented at the celebration of the centennial anniversary of the incorporation of the town, June 23d, 1902 .. → online text (page 1 of 54)
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i8o2 THE 1902

CENTENNIAL HISTORY

OF

WATERVILLE

Kennebec County, Maine

INCLUDING

THE ORATION THE HISTORICAL ADDRESS AND THE POEM

PRESENTED AT THE CELEBRATION OF THE CENTENNIAL

ANNIVERSARY OF THE INCORPORATION

OF THE TOWN

June 23d, 1902



WITH ILLUSTRATIONS



Rev. EDWIN CAREY WHJTTEMORE,
Editor.

ARTHUR J. ROBERTS, FRANKLIN W. JOHNSON,

MRS. MARTHA BAKER DUNN, MRS. ESTELLE FOSTER

E.^TON, HORATIO D. B.ATES,

ASSOCIATE EDITORS.




Published by tbe

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION

WaterviUe, 1902.



it-r ^■^^•






PREFACE.



To make a permanent record of the events of the centennial
celebration, to trace the development of the town from its earliest
settlement, and to give biographical sketches of some of its
representative men is the purpose of this volume. To accomplish
this within the limits of time and space allowed has been no
easy task, and the book has grown to nearly twice the size that
was planned and promised. Grateful recognition should be
given to the generous labors of those who have contributed the
several chapters of the book. Each writer is solely responsible
for the statements made in his article. Credit is due to Rev.
Asa L. Lane, who gathered from the town records and from the
files of the Waterville Mail a large amount of valuable matter.
Dr. Edward W. Hall has made the resources of the library of
Colby College always available, and L. D. Carver, Esq., librarian
of the State Library, has shown the editors many courtesies.
The officials of the City of Waterville and the town officers of
Winslow, have kindly allowed the use of all records and docu-
ments which are on file in their respective offices. The thanks
of the editors are due to Messrs. Joshua and Charles E. Cush-
man of Winslow, for access to the papers of Rev. Joshua Cush-
man ; to Miss Julia Stackpole for the use of the diaries of Capt.
James Stackpole; to Wallace B. Smith for the papers of his
grandfather, Abijah Smith ; to Mrs. W. P. Stewart for the
account book and diary of Dr. John McKechnie ; and to Mrs.
Frank Skinner for the use of the manuscript prepared by Rev.
J. O. Skinner for a history of Waterville. The editors are
grateful to the Executive Committee of the centennial celebra-
tion for their constant encouragement and support, and to the
printers, Messrs. Burleigh & Flynt, for many favors. Con-



siderable material has been gathered which could not be used
in this vohinie. This, and the many vahiable historical papers
which are scattered among the homes of the city should be
preserved in some safe place for the future historian of Water-
ville, who, with ample leisure for research and verification, will
write more adequately the history of our city. The more one
comes to know of the history and life of Waterville, the more
does he respect its past and have confidence in its future.

The Editors.
Waterville, Sept. 19, 1902.



PREPARING FOR THE CENTENNIAL.

By Frederick W. Clair, Esq., Secretary of the Committee of
One Hundred and of the E.KCCutive Committee.

At the close of a meeting of the Waterville Board of Trade in
the spring of 1901 at which there had been discussion as to the
advisability of celebrating the 4th of July, the suggestion was
made, "Let it pass ; next year we must celebrate our centennial."
Attention was called to the fact that the old city hall would be
a poor place in which to celebrate and that the new hall consisted
only of a cellar. However the idea took root in many minds not
only of celebrating the centennial of the incorporation of Water-
ville but of preparing to do it in a suitable manner. In Septem-
ber, 1 901, at the suggestion of the president, Dr. Hill, the matter
was brought formally before the Board of Trade in a petition
signed and circulated by Hon. S. S. Brown and Frank Redington
and bearing the names of a large number of influential citizens
urging the Board of Trade to call a meeting for considering the
matter of the proper observance of the centennial.

In accord with this petition which was published in the Water-
ville Mail and met with general approval. President Hill called
a meeting of the citizens at city hall October 9, 1901. This meet-
ing was not so largely attended as was expected. However
there was a sufficient number to warrant the promoters of the
celebration in proceeding to business. Hon. S. S. Brown called
the meeting to order. F. C. Thayer, M. D., was elected chair-
man of this meeting and F. W. Clair, Esq., secretary. It was
voted that a committee of one hundred be elected, said committee
to have charge of the centennial celebration. It was voted that
the following named persons be members of the committee of
one hundred.

The Commiitce of One Hundred — Walter Getchell, *Simeon
Keith, E. G. Meader, A. A. Plaisted, C. K. Mathews, Nathaniel
Meader, James P. Hill, George E. Shores, Rev. S. K. Smith.



2 HISTORY OI-' WATERVILLE.

Rev. G. D. B. Pepper, John Ware, S. S. Brown, C. H. Reding-
ton, W. B. Arnold, Wallace B. Smith, Rev. N. Charland, Chris-
tian Knauff, M. C. Foster, W. M. Lincoln, E. R. Drummond,
S. I. Abbott, W. T. Haines, C. F. Johnson, Dr. C. L. White,
Dr. C. W. Abbott, Rev. G. B. Nicholson, Rev. A. G. Pettengill,
Dr. J. L. Fortier, A. J. Roberts, F. W. Johnson, Dr. E. L. Jones,
E. T. Wyman, E. W. Hall, C. A. Leighton, Geo. F. Davies, Fred
Pooler, A. S. Hall, G. K. Boutelle, Dr. A. Joly, H. C. Prince,
George Overend, C. E. Matthews, L. H. Soper, G. W. Dorr,
H. R. Dunham, Mark Gallert, F. J. Goodridge, Horace Purinton,
Robert L. Proctor, H. E. Judkins, Homer C. Proctor, E. C.
Wardwell, Jules GamachcH. R. Mitchell, S. L. Berry, F. K.
ShaM', H. D. Eaton, Arthur Alden, I. S. Bangs, H. L. Emery,
W. A. R. Boothby, A. W. Flood, J. F. Percival, H. D. Bates,
Hascall S. Hall, Ernest E. Decker. Dr. J. F. Hill, W. C. Phil-
brook, Frank Redington, Rev. E. L. Marsh, G. Fred Terry, P. S.
Heald, C. W. Davis, W. H. K. Abbott, R. W. Dunn, Martin
Blaisdell, Gedeon Richer, Rev. A. A. Lewis, Rev. E. C. Whitte-
more, Patrick McLaughlin, F. E. Boston, W. M. Dunn, L. G.
Salisbury, Frank B. Philbrick, John N. Webber, George Ballen-
tine, C. J. Clukey, John E. Nelson, A. B. Reny, Leslie P. Loud,
Arthur Darviau, Marshall Peavy, Frank E. Brown, Edward
Ware, Colby Getchell, F. D. Lunt, Horace Toward. *Deceased.

This first meeting had the desired result. The celebration was
the general topic of conversation among the people of the city,
and it was seen at that early date that the celebration would be
a success. The city hall was to have its e.xterior walls finished
and the roof placed by the first day of January, 1902. It was thei
intention of the city government of 1901-02 to do no more work
upon the building. At the first mass meetino- a motion was made
and carried "that it is the sense of this meeting that the work on
the new city building be prosecuted so that it may be finished and
dedicated at the time of the celebration."

October 18, 1901, the committee of one hundred met at the
Ware parlors, called in accordance with the vote of the mass
meeting. The meeting was called to order by F. W. Clair,
secretary of the meeting. F. C. Thayer, M. D., was elected
chairman of the committee of one hundred. F. W. Clair was
elected secretarv, and F. A. KnaufT was elected treasurer. A



HISTORY OF WATERVILLE. 3

committee of eleven was selected by the chair to report a date
thought most advisable for the celebration and to give, as early
as possible, an outline for the program for the celebration. This
committee was to report at a meeting to be called by the chair-
man of the committee of one hundred, the chairman and clerk of
the committee of one hundred to be ex-officio members of said
committee. The chair appointed S. S. Brown, W. M. Dunn,
W. T. Haines, E. R. Drummond, E. L. Jones, J. F. Hill, H. E.
Judkins, Gedeon Picher, and E. T. Wyman. This meeting
adjourned to the following Wednesday at 7.30 P. M. On Octo-
ber 23d, the date to which the last meeting adjourned, the com-
mittee met at the Ware parlors. The report of the committee
of eleven was made by the secretary and was as follows :
"To the Committee of One Hundred:

Your committee has attended to the duty assigned them, and
beg leave to make the following report : It has decided that the
centennial celebration should take place on the twenty-second,
twenty-third, and twenty-fourth days of June, A. D. 1902. It
has decided upon these dates, because it has come to the con-
clusion, after an examination of the records, that the incorpora-
tion and birth of the town of Waterville took place on the twenty-
third day of June, A. D. 1802. It decided that the twenty-second,
falling on Sunday, should be given over to the churches, to have
such exercises as they deem best. It decided to report the fol-
lowing program. Monday, the twenty-third, dedication exer-
cises of the new city building, in the forenoon. Anniversary exer-
cises of the incorporation of the town, in the afternoon, at the
park. Reception tendered to the past and present residents of
the city, at City Hall, in the evening. Tuesday, the twenty-
fourth, forenoon, parade ; evening, illumination. Your com-
cornmittee decided to report the following sub-committees as
necessary. Executive, Finance, Literary, Invitation, Advertising
and printing. Transportation and military, Horses, carriages and
equipments. Badges and emblems, Trades display, Decoration,
Fire department, Illumination, Reception, Entertainment, Schools,
Churches, Music, and Sports.

The report was accepted and it was voted to adopt the report.
A committee on sub-committees had been appointed and made
the following report.



HISTORY OF WATEKVILLE.



SPECIAL COMMITTEES.

Invitation Committee — E. R. Drummond, A. A. Plaisted,
Walter Getchell, VV. B. Arnold, Mrs. J. H. Hanson, Mrs. N. G.
H. Pulsifer, Mrs. S. S. Brown.

Church Committee — Rev. E. L. Marsh, Dr. Charles L. White,
Rev. N. Charland, Dr. G. D. B. Pepper, Rev. A. A. Lewis, Rev.
G. B. Nicholson, Rev. A. G. Pettengill.

Entertainment Committee — S. S. Brown, P. S. Heald, Fred
Pooler, Frank Walker, T. E. Ransted, Mrs. C. A. Flood, Mrs.
W. B. Arnold, Mrs. F. C. Thayer, Mrs. George K. Boutelle.

Literary Committee — Rev. E. C. Whittemore, A. J. Roberts,
H. D. Bates, F. W. Johnson, Mrs. R. W. Dunn, Mrs. H. D.
Eaton.

Decoration Committee — Frank Redington, Hascall S. Hall,
Daniel Berry, S. S. Lighthody, D. M. Bangs, Mrs. C. F. Johnson,
Mrs. H. E. Judkins, Mrs. Geo. West, Miss Eva Getchell.

finance Committee — W. T. Haines, F. A. Knauff, C. F. John-
son, W. H. K Abbott, Cyrus W. Davis, Martin Blaisdell, Gedeon
Richer.

School Committtec — E. T. Wyman, John E. Nelson, Horace
Purinton, D. S. Wheeler, J. W. Black, Sara Lang, Fannie Angle.

Transportation and Military Committee — R. W. Dunn,
Edward Ware, R. L. Proctor, W. F. Bodge, A. B. Reny. John
H. Gould.

Horses, Carriages and Equipment Committee — B. P. Wells, E.
E. Decker, F. E. Brown, G. E. Barrows, Frank Paul.

Committee on Reception — The Mayor and Mrs. Blaisdell, Dr.
and Mrs. F. C. Thayer, Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Arnold, Miss Grace
E. Matthews, Rev. and Mrs. E. L. Marsh, P. S. Heald, Mrs.
J. H. Grondin, Pres. and Mrs. C. L. White, W. A. R. Boothby,
Mrs. Ann AL Pulsifer, Mr. and Mrs. \. W. Flood, Rev. N.
Charland.

Trades Display Committee — E. C. Wardwell, L. H. Soper,
George Overend, G. W. Dorr, J. F. Elden, S. E. Whitcomb, H.
R. Dunham. W. C. Hawker, O. G. Springfield. E. D. Noyes,
Harry Haskell.

Parade Committee— W. C. Philbrook, W. E. Reid, Dr. A. Joly,
Dana P. Foster, Dr. L. G. Bunker, L. G. Salisbury, G. S. Dolloff.



HISTORY OF VVATERVILLE. 5

Fireworks and Illumination Committee — H. E. Judkins, Frank
Chase, F. J. Arnold, VV. A. Hager, F. J. Goodridge, W. H.
Savage.

Advertising and Printing Committee — Dr. J. F. Hill, C. E.
Matthews, J. H. Welch, C. A. Redington, J. N. Webber.

Badges and Emblems Committee — Dr. E. L. Jones, F. B.
Hubbard, F. W. Noble, Daisy Plaisted, Mrs. W. M. Dunn, Annie
Dorr, Emma F. Lovering.

I'ire Department Committee — George F. Davies, George L.
Learned, W. H. Rancourt, Calvin C. Dow, C. E. Bushey.

Music Committee — VV. M. Dunn, Llewellyn B. Cain, Prof. C.
B. Stetson, Charles Wentworth, Mrs. F. W. Johnson, Mrs.
George F. Davies, Mrs. A. W. Flood.

Committee on Sports and Athletics — Dr. C. W. Abbott, H. L.
Simpson, John DeOrsay, Leslie P. Loud, H. B. Snell, Charles
Walsh, S. F. Brann.

The executive committee consisted of the chairman of the
committee of one hundred, the secretary and treasurer, and the
respective chairmen of the sub-committees, as follows :

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.

Dr. Frederick C. Thayer, President ; F. W. Clair, Esq., Clerk ;
F. A. Knauff, Treasurer; The Mayor, W. T. Haines, W. C.
Philbrook, S. S. Brown, Frank Redington, Dr. E. L. Jones, G. F.
Davies, Rev. E. C. Whittemore, B. P. Wells, H. E. Judkins, Rev.
E. L. Marsh, Dr. C. W. Abbott, F. A. Knauff. Dr. J. F. Hill,
W. M. Dunn, E. R. Drummond, E. C. Wardwell, E. T. Wyman,
R. W. Dunn.

The committee on invitation was instructed to invite the gov-
ernor and staff to be the guests of the city.

Rev. E. C. Whittemore made a report for the literary com-
mittee, in which they recommended a history of the town, a poem,
and an oration, as the literary program for the celebration.
They recommended that the history be published in book form.
The committee were given full power to act as they thought
advisable.

The finance committee was instructed to raise the sum of five
thousand dollars for the payment of the expenses of the
centennial.



6 HISTORY OF WATERVILI.E.

It was voted that the literary committee be given full power
to have written and published a book containing a history of the
town and city. It was voted to construct a centennial arch, and
that power be given to the illuminating and decorating commit-
tee to build the same, after conference with the next city gov-
ernment. Attention was called to the fact that the dates of the
centennial celebration and the commencement of Colby College
were the same, and in order to avoid having the exercises of both
come at the same time, a committee was appointed, consisting
of Dr. F. C. Thayer, Rev. E. C. Wiittemore, and S. S. Brown,
whose duties were to confer with the authorities of the college
for the puqjose of arranging hours and dates to avoid conflict.
This committee attended to its duty, and the authorities of the
college very graciously decided to postpone the commencement
exercises until \\'ednesday, the 25th. At the meeting on April
4, IQ02. it was voted that the regular meetings of the committee
be held on Friday evening of each week.

Invitations were extended to the towns of \^"inslow and Oak-
land to send official representatives to be the guests of the city.
Right Reverends Robert Codman and W. H. O'Connell were
also invited.

June 2d, Rev. E. C. \\'hittemore reported that Hon. J- Man-
chester Haynes, who had been engaged to deliver the centennial
oration, on account of poor health would not be able to keep
the engagement and that the committee had secured as orator,
Hon. Warren C. Philbrook of this city. Dr. Frederick C.
Thayer was elected marshal of the parade. A special committee
was appointed consisting of Dr. Thayer. Dr. Hill and Rev. E. C.
W'hittemore. and this committee was directed to prepare and
publish an official program of the centennial celebration.

From the beginning the committees had worked with great
vigor, careful attention to detail and in the utmost harmony. No
unpleasant incident occurred in the committees and none occurred
in the celebration. The citizens showed their sympathy by
hearty co-operation : it was notably an affair of the whole city,
there was no such thing as class, party, faction or favoritism in
the matter. Mayor Blaisdell heartily recommended in his inau-
gural address a liberal appropriation and the sum of two thousand
live hundred dollars was voted bv the citv government. The



HISTORY OF WATERVILLE. 7

citizens and the corporations responded cheerfully and liberally to
the calls of the finance committee, so that the bills of the centen-
nial are all provided for. Dr. F. H. Getchell of Philadelphia sent
an unsolicited contribution of twenty-five dollars to the committee.
Mayor Blaisdell and the contractors used utmost endeavors to
have the new citv hall in readiness. The city was ready when
the day came for the opening of its doors to its great "at home,"
but it had meant a vast amount of careful, hard and persistent
work.

At all of the meetings of thecommittee great interest was mani-
fested by the members. The committee did not adjourn at any
time for want of a quorum and at almost every meeting of the
committee nearly every member was present. The sub-com-
mittees attended to the duties assigned them and worked with
energy for the success of the celebration. They made frequent
reports to the executive committee. The executive committee,
at no time found any fault, but on the contrary, have nothing
but praise for the sub-committees. The chairman of the com-
mittee attended all the meetings and his enthusiasm and labors
were unbounded.

The authorities of Colby College co-operated with good will,
postponing their exercises, and lending the committee the use
of their athletic field. Members of the faculty, who were upon
the sub-committees, faithfully performed their duties. The
thanks of the citizens are due to the authorities and faculty of
Colby College.



CHAPTER 1.



THE CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION.
By William Abbott Smith, A. M.

The celebration of the city's centennial occupied three days,
Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday, June 22-24, 1902. By way of
preparation for this event the citizens seem to have vied with
each other in the taste and elegance of the decorations with
which their homes and places of business were adorned. Spec-
ially noticeable were the stores and offices on Main street, the
buildings themselves being scarcely visible for the profusion of
red, white, and blue with which they were hung, yet every part
of the city announced its loyalty and appreciation of the events
which were transpiring by donning more or less extensively a
holiday attire. The public buildings were tastefully decorated,
and prominent among the decorative features was the arch which
spanned the square near the Elmwood Hotel. This was so sit-
uated as to show to advantage from Main street. Elm street, and
College avenue. On the north side of this arch over the center
was painted the city seal, on the right of which was a painting of
Fort Halifax, and on the left one of Ticonic falls. The south
side of the arch was tastefully decorated with flags and bunting,
while over four hundred electric lamps provided a brilliant
illumination of the whole.

Along the principal streets at short intervals banners and flags
were hung, and everywhere the city gave evidence that it was
conscious of having reached a milestone in its history, the pass-
ing of which was a signal for a brief holiday, in which it might
look back upon the hundred years just passed with excusable
pride and self-congratulation, and to the future with renewed
hope and confidence.



i?K




HISTORY OF WATERVILLE. 9

Several days before the time appointed for the celebration to
begin, there was published and put into circulation "The Official
Programme." This contained a complete list of the executive
committee, the committee of One Hundred, and of all special
committees appointed to further the interests of the celebration.
These were followed by several pages of interesting facts relat-
ing to the city's history and present activities. Facilities for
entertainment during the celebration were carefully enumerated,
and finally, the complete programme of the centennial celebra-
tion was given.

The pamphlet also contained half-tone cuts of the new City
Hall, several of the churches, schoolhouses. Alumni Chemical
Building of Colby College, etc.

But the final preparations for the festivities of the celebration
were indeed the most fitting of all. These consisted of the ser-
vices held in each of the churches on the morning of Sunday,
June 22nd. The capacity of each house of worship was tested
to its utmost, so that a large proportion of the citizens and
visitors were enabled to join in appropriate services at the
churches of their choice. The pastors ordered their services and
adapted their discourses with special reference to the city's cen-
tennial. At the Baptist church the centennial celebration gave
place to the baccalaureate sermon before the graduation classes
of Colby College by President White.

Sunday evening at City Hall occurred the first of the exercises
under the auspices of the centennial committee. For this service
the following programme was arranged :

RELIGIOUS MASS MEETING SUNDAY EVENING.

Religious Mass Meeting, City Hall, 7.30 P. M. Rev. Edward
Lester Marsh, presiding.

Music by Hall's orchestra. Prof. R. B. Hall, conductor ; the
Cecilia Club, 80 voices ; Prof. C. B. Stetson, president ; Dr.
Latham True, conductor ; Mrs. Franklin W. Johnson, pianist.

Order.
Overture, selected. Hall's Orchestra

Invocation, Rev. Arthur G. Pettengill



lO HISTORY OF WATERVILLE.

Hallelujah Chorus, Handel

Cecilia Club.
ScriiTture Lesson, Rev. Albert A. Lewis

"Jndge Me, O God," Dudley Buck

Mr. Llewellyn B. Cain.
Prayer, Rev. George Bruce Nicholson

"The Lord is my Light,'' Allistein

Miss Eva M. Goodrich.
Sermon, Rev. William H. P. Faunce, D. D.,

President of Brown University.
Selection from Ninety-fifth Psalm. Mendelssohn

Cecilia Club.
Prayer, Rev. Charles L- White

President of Colby College.
Hymn, Kipling's Recessional

Benediction, Rev. J. F. Rhodes

It will always be a source of pleasure and satisfaction to the
citizens of Waterville to recall this first gathering in the city's
new hall. In every way the opera house demonstrated its ability
to satisfy the fondest hopes of its builders, and to fulfill its
promise of furnishing the city with a commodious, useful and
beautiful room for public gatherings. On this occasion it was
artistically decorated with ferns and palms, with flowers in
abundance. But one regret obtruded itself upon the observer,
and that was that hundreds, perhaps thousands of people were
unable to find even standing room within hearing of the speakers.
This fact, however, instead of furnishing a ground for criticism
of the capacity of the audience room, was only a true prophecy
of the interest and enthusiasm with which the inhabitants and
friends of the city were to enter into the celebration of its one
hundredth birthday. The doors were opened at 6.45 to holders
of tickets which had been distributed through the pastors of the
churches : and when, at 7.20 the hall was thrown open to the
public, comparatively few of the multitude which stood waiting
could find accommodation.

As the evening advanced it became evident that every partici-
pant in the programme had made preparation with full appre-
ciation of the signficance of the occasion. Prof. Hall never
fails to master his audiences, especially when his local orchestra



HISTORY OF WATHRVILLE. II

is augmented by artists from the ]\Taine Symphony. INIr. Cain
and Miss Goodrich are always favorites with Waterville audi-
ences, and at this time amply justitied the artistic taste of their
many admirers. The Cecilia Club showed the result of the con-
scientious and thorough work of Dr. True. The selection from
the 95th psalm in which the aria was sung by Miss Kate Sturte-
vant was enjoyed. Specially impressive, however, was the
rendition of Kipling's "Recessional," in which the audience
joined, and which was certainly no less appropriate on this occa-
sion than at the Queen's Jubilee for which it was first designed.
The sermon by President Faunce was a masterpiece. To do
it justice in a brief report is an impossibility. Indeed it is only
when every word is emphasized by the strong personality and
powerful magnetism of the speaker himself that any true impres-
sion of the sermon can be obtained.

The following abstract appeared in the A\'aterville Mail and
The Sentinel, and will give as well perhaps as can be given the
preacher's general line of thought.

Subject — The State. The School and the Church.

The century which has elapsed since the founding of Water-
ville has been justly called the "wonderful century." Men have
discovered more facts, and invented more mechanisms in the last
100 years than in all preceding history. But the greatness of
our apparatus ought to mean greatness of intellect and character.



Online LibraryEdwin Carey WhittemoreThe centennial history of Waterville, Kennebec County, Maine, including the oration, the historical address and the poem presented at the celebration of the centennial anniversary of the incorporation of the town, June 23d, 1902 .. → online text (page 1 of 54)