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57

Oliver Cromwell, Richard Cromwell, a Council of State,
the Parliament again, and now King Charles, the Second:
during all which times he lived in those places, and in
such middling stations, which gave him opportunity to
heed what was done.by those who were above and below
him. God had also bestowed upon him a faculty, which
(though it be despised, and he therewith but meanly en-
dowed) would not permit him to be altogether idle or
silent ; for it compelled him to a conscientious "exercise
of his talent in that which he thought required at his
hand; and to take all occasions to commemorate and
offer to consideration those things whereby God might
be glorified, and his countrymen benefited in some de-
gree: which duty, though not so well as he would, he
hath so well as he could, prosecuted to this. day. He
begun very early, by expressing and publishing those
conceptions which the affections and inclinations of youth
had awakened in him: endeavouring to season them with
as much morality and piety as subjects of that nature
are capable of; suiting them to capacities of young men
who delight to see their own natural passions repre-
sented as it were in a glass; wherein they not only met
with some better things than tliey looked for, but \\ith
such notions also therewith mixed, as insinuated into
rheir hearts that seasoning, which made them much de-
lighted with his poems, and rendered him so generally
known, that many thousands were desirous to peruse his
future writings, and to take better heed of that whereof
else perhaps they had taken little or no notice, though
expressed by a more elegant and learned auihor. Length
oi time hath given him so many several occasions to de-
clare what he thought necessary or expedient, that his
published poems and writings amount now to aboift a
hundred, besides many never printed ; in which, though
he hath exprest much to the same purpose, in various
forms and Nfords, yet the same or like occasions warrant
the application of the same, or like matter and words,
as the'practise of the holy prophets and apostles hatH
evidenced to be sometimes lucessarv. Wherefore ho
hath endeavoured lo put his matter into such a dres-;
(otherwhile in prose, and othcrwhile in a poetical mode)
J;hat it may suit with vulgar capacities^ and not be de-
spised



38

spised by the most judicious : mixing so far forth as may-
be decent, delight and profit, according to this old verse
[of Horace]

"■ Etprodesse solent, et delectare poefa."

His presuming to give counsel to them who neither de-
sire it nor care for his advice, hath much offended many,
and made them heedless of that which might have pre-
vented their sorrow ; but it hath pleased and benefited
some, and that makes him slight their proverb, which
forbids coming to give counsel before we are called."
He proceeds to state his reasons for the title given to his
present book, viz. because it eclioes to what was pre-
dicted should come to pass between the sounding of the
sixth and seventh trumpet, upon pouring forth the sixth
viol, in the Revelations: and he enters into much mysti-
cal jargon on the Roman numerals of the year 1666,
which is contemplated as the final doom of Rome's
Babylon and the papal Antichrist. He then describes
himself to have been this Isle's Remembrancer, and to
have continued within the city of London, both in her
sicknesses and health, in war and peace, almost sixty
ffears together; taking ail occasions that offered, to re-
member her from time to time of such things as ^e
;hought might probably conduce to her welfare; though
be never obtained from any of her Chiefs so much as
might have been expected for penning one speech to il-
ustrate her Lord Mayor's pageants. Being now wearied
ind almost worn out in such profitless employ, he pro-
poses speedily to seek a retreating-place for himself and
lis consort, at a lonely habitation in his native country;
here to wait upon God's future dispensations during the
emainder of his life, or until J'rovidence otherwise
hould dispose of him: not doubting that he shall rest
gratefully contented whatsoever his lot msy be. This
ntiraation is conveyed in his Preface. From'a Postscript
.t the end of the volume, we find that his plan of rural
etirement was soon, relinquished; his London friends
laving persuaded him to the contrary, from thinking
hat future inconvenience would thereby be rather mul-
iplied than diminished. He closed his literary labours

with



29

with the present pnblicatiion, and his adventurous life in
the succeeding year.

Most, of this volume is a compilation, and consists of
selected extracts from his own performances. But one
new essay, extending to fifteen pages, occurs with the
following title: "An Interjection, occasioned by a
sudden Ejaculation whijst this review of neglected Re-
membrances was transcribing; which shall here stand
inserted, though it be no part of what was heretofore ex-
pressed or intended to be hereunto added." In this he
religiously trusts to be honoured with a celestial record
for all his unrequited efforts as a national and moral
monitor. He at the same time breathes friendly en-
couragement to his fellow-citizens, while he finally ex-
horts them to reform :

" When penitence brings reformation in.
It makes a blessing, what a plague had been:
Yea, then 'twill to her future weal be tuni'd.
That this great City was to ashes burn'd., —
SliBj Phocnix-like, shall gloriously arise.
Out of that rubbish wherein now she lies;
And I, who now am disrespected here, ,
Shall have a monument erected there."

85. " Mr. Geo. IVitJiers Revived: or his Prophesie of
our present Calamity, arid (except we repent) future
misery. Written by him in the year 1628. London,
printed for William Marshall, at the Bible in Newgate
street, 1^83." Single sheets folio. '

At N° 33 of the present list of Wither's productions,
this is only noticed as irientioned by Wood. I have
since seen two editions: the' former in quarto, with<a
manuscript dale of 1642; the latter in folio, vtilh a
■printed date of' 1683. It proves, on examination, to
-contain a selection of extracts from the eighth Canto of
.'• Bi-itain's Rfemembrancer," first- published in 1&28:
many passages in which publication are justly described
as "-eminently beautiful," by Mr. Brdyley. See Gent.
Mag. Vol.lxxx. p. 217.

'■86. " Divine Poems .\ by way of paraphrase on the Ten
Commandments. Illustrated with twelve copper-

..■■'.. plates;



plates: shewing how personal punishments have been
inflicted on the transgresbors of these Commandments;
as is recorded in the Holy Scripture. Never before
printed. Also a metrical paraphrase upon the Creeds
and Lord's Prayer. Written by George Wither, Esq.
author of Brittain's Remembrancer." Ver. 8vo. 1688.

Wood informs us this was first entitled Meditations
m the Ten Commandments. It was republished, or at
east had a new title-page, in 1697, and again in 1728:
)ut the following explanatory prefix, by his daughter and
mly surviving child, did not reappear.

' To all such as have formerly leen Friends to the
Author.

" It was s_eldom my Father's practice, especially of late
,ears, to dedicate his works to particular or great per-
sons; and did I attempt any such thing now, 1 should
DC afraid lest 1 might disturb his rest in the grave. All
f^ou therefore that had a kindness as well for his person
is his works, I desire to accept of my good-will in send-
in"- this relique of his abroad in publick, which, though
it hath been written some considerable time, is but lately
minded, or come to hand. And however it happened to
be bundled up with other old writings where I found it,
yet I verily believe it was designed for the press, by those
many alterations * he had made, which so blur'd the
original copy, that 1 was forced to get it transcribed, be-
Fore it was fit for myself or any body else to read. And
having now perused it, I could not in conscience conceal
such necessary truths as are therein contained, in hopes
that it may take the effect himself desires in his Epistle
to the reader, exprest in his prayer; believing that that
good Spirit which first dictated those petitionary words
will accompany them to the world's end. And then I
also believe that what I have done in making this pub-
lick, will be acceptable both to God and man: which

* This goes Rir to refute the sarcasm on Wiiher, cited by
Granger from Dryden ; that if he " rhymed andT.utled, all was
well." >

that



31

that it may, shall ever be the prayer of your assured
friend in all offices of love and service.

E. E."

" From my lodgings at Mr. Snowdens, a printer, at the lower
end of Great Carter-Lane, the 23d of April, 1688.*"

An address written by Wither himself, denotes this
commentary on the Decalogue to have been composed,
during the visitation of the great plague, in some obscure
retreat, where neither his estate nor the place he lived in,
could afford the use of books; instead of which therefore
he perused his own heart to see what he could read there.
" For in the heart of man (he argues) the holy text of
God's law was originally written, though human cor-
ruption hath now so defaced it." The copper-plate, made
use of in his book, Wither acknowledges to have re-
ceived, among other kindnesses, from some of his neigh-
bours: but we are advertised by his daughter that the
copper-plates mentioned by her father were lost in somfe
of his removals from one habitation to another, so that
she had beeri forced to get new ones made. These are
but indifferently executed^ from very indifferent designs.
Wither's illustrations are written in twofold measures,
after the following mode.

" V. Honor thy Father and thy Mother, &c, (Cut of
Absalom hanging on a tree, S^c.J

" He that sought his Father's death.
Soilless yielded up his breath.
He that would his prince have slain.
Had liis pardon sent in vain ;
For although the king forgave,
Justice urg'd her due to have,
That rebellious children may
Learn this pjecept to obey ;
And the subject stand in awe
How he sins against this law.

What of rebelling subjects will become

And graceless children, view in Absalom :

For whose offence the earth did, as it were, '

Refusal make the body's weight to bear.

And Heav'n rejects it : that they might present

Him hanging for a dreadful, monument :

Through



Through ages all, to warn and keep in awe
The slighters and infringers of this law."

His paraphrastic version of the Creed, &c. had long
before Been printed. See note on N° ii of this List.

T. P.

[To be icontinued.J



Tl Pan his Pipe: conteyning three pasiorall Egloges in
Englyshe hexameter; with other delightfull verses.
London : Imprinted ly Richard Jones. 1595. qto.

The title of this book was gathered from the Stationers'
•egister by Mr. Warton, from him by Mr. Herbert, and
Tom both by Mr. Haslewood in the British Bib-
ciOGEAPHER, Vol. I, p. 501. The date, according to
he licence, was 1594.; but a copy of the book in his
Majesty's library, ascertains it to have been published in
[595. The author was Francis Sabie. His Introductory
'■erses to the first Eclogue are not unpleasing.

" It was in the moneth of May,
All the fields, now looked gay.
Little Robin finely sang,
With, sweet notes each green wood rang;
Philomene, forgetfuU then
Of her rape by Tereus done.
In most rare and joyful! wise
Sent her notes unto the skies :
Progne, with her bloody breast,
'Gan in chimney build her nest :
Flora made each place excell
With fine flowers, sweet in smpll ;
Violets of purple hue.
Primroses most rich in shew.
Unto which with speedie flight
Bees did flie and on them light.
And with thyme loading their thighs.
Did it carry to their hives :
Some it tooke which they had brought,
And in combs it rarely wrought.

Fish



33

Fish from chrystall waves did rise
After gnats and little flies :
Little lambs did leape and play-
By their dams in medowes gayj
And as soon as Lucifer
Had expelde the lesser starres,
Tyterus and Thirsis hight.
Through a lattice seeing light.
Which did come from Ecus* bright^
As they lay in drowsie beds.
Up did lift their sluggish beads.
Hasting sheep from fouldes to let.
Sheep, which bleated fbr their meate,
Greedilig did plucke up grasse.
Sheep let out from place to place j
And by chance as heards did meet,
Shepheards did each other greete.
Thirsis loolied very sad.
As he some ill fortune had,
Tyterus first 'gan to speake.
And his mind iti this sort breake :" &c. T. P.



^ Julyan Notary's ad Edition of Caxton's Chronicle^
printed in 1515.

Colophon—" Here end«:th this present Cronycle of En
glonde with the fruyte of tymes. compyled in
A booke. And also newely Enprynied in the ye
re of our lorde god. M.CCCCC & XV. by me
Julyan Notary dwellynge in Powlys chyrche
yarde besyde y^ westedore by my lordes palyes.''

It consists of folios cxxviii.

" The Prologue, f

In so moche that it is necessary to
all Creatures of Chrysten Relygion
or of fals Relygyons or Gentyles &
raachomytes to knowe theyr pryn
ce or Pryncis that regne upon the"

* A misprint probably for Eos or Eous, i. e. Aurora.

f This Prologue was first added by •' one sometyme schole-
master," who printed the Chronicles at St. Albans, 14.8}. As
usual, the orthography of the two copies varies throughout. A
few materiaLalterations are noticed.

VOL. ti. B &:



34

<k y" to obey, so it is comodeus to knowe
theyr noble acts & deedes, & the cyrcu'staucc of
theyr lyves. Therfore in the yere of oure lor-
de M CCCC LXXXIII. y'' yere of y'= regne of kyn*
ge Edwarde y=. fourth at saynt Albons, so that
all men may knowe y" actes namely of our no
ble kynges of Euglonde, isco~pyled togyder i'^
ihys boke, & moreover is translated out of la
tyn into englysslie fro the begynnynge of the
worlde y« lygnage of Cryst from Adam tyll it
be comen to Davyd & from Davyd y'= kynges
of Israel & of Jewes y^ hyghe bysshops i~ thej-r
dayes with the Juges & prophetes. The foure
pryncypall reames of y? worlde, that is to say
of Babylon, of Percees. of Grekes. & of Ro
mayns. And all the Emperours of Rome or
Popes by ordre & theyr names. And many a
notable fader with certe" of theyr actes. f As mo
re playnly is declared in the chapytre nexte af
ter. fl And here ben rehersed the names of the
AuctourSj of whom these Cronycles ben tras
lated moost namely, f Galfridus Nunmothij:
monke in his boke of Brute Saynt Bede in y<^
actes of Englo~de. It"m Bede in his boke of ty
mes. Gyldas in the actes of Brytayne. Wyllja"
Malmsbury monke in y<' actes of kynges of
Englonde & bysshops. Cassider^ of the actes of
Emperours & bysshops. Saynt Austyn de ci.§
dei. Titus Liuius de gestis Romanor. Mar
tyn Penytencyary to y' pope in his cronycles
of Emperours & bysshops. And namely Theo
bald'. Cartusiensis conteynynge in his boke y^
progresse of all notable faders from y« begyn
nynge of the worlde unto. our tyme with y'^ no
table actes of the same. ^ Jn thys newe tra~s
lacyon are contayned many notable & maruay
lous thynges & those ben alledged by auc
toryte of ujany famous clerkes. And that eve
ry man may knowe how these Cronycles beu
ordred, ye shall understande that this boke is
devyded in. vii. partes.. Of the whiche y" fyrst
parte cotitayned from Adam tyll Brute came
in to Brytayne. The seconde parte co~tayn€tb
from Brute came fyrst in to Englonde, unto ,,

" Yeer of our lorde. M. iiijc Ixxx iij and in the xxiii yeer."
t " Actys breuyally." j « Manmoth."

§ " De Ciuitate Dei."

the



35

the dyte of Rome was buylded by RotnuluSi
The thyrde piirteconteynethsyth Rome was
buylded unto Cryste was .borne of oure lady
Mary. The fourth from thens vnto y'^ com'yn
ge of Saxons in to Englonde. .The fyfth parte
from thens uuto the comynge of the Danys.
The syxte parte from thens unto y^. comynge '
of ys Normansi The seve~th parte fro the Nor-
iTia~s UHto our tyme. which is under y" regne
of Edwarde the fourth xxiii yerei whoos no
ble cronycles by custonie maye not be sene.

^ And SCO in every parte of these vir partes
ben shewed y'' moost & necessary actes of all y^
kynges of Englo"de & theyr names wryten abo
ue in. y"^ margent that euery man maye fynde
them some. And afore the kynge of Englondes
actes ben wryten there is wryten yf lygnage
of cryst from Adam tyll that Cryst was borne,
of our lady, with the hye bysshop & the Juge •
that were in that tyme, & cerlayne of theyr ac :
tes necessary, tyl it. be comyn tyl cryst was bor.
ne. And after tliat Cryste was borne & Peter
was Pope of rome, is shewed by ordre the ua ,
raes of all the popes & emperours of Rome, a
fore & after, with certeyne of theyr actes bre
uyatly, ?r many other dyuers thynges & mer
ueyles in those mennes dayes fallynge. And it
is shewed euery tbynge in his place, ho we ma.
ny yere it fell after the begynnynge.of y'^ worlde
& howe longe afore that Cryste was borne. And
whan that 1 come to Cryst was borne, then it
is wryten, how longe ony thynge fell after the
Natyuyte of Cryst. And this is the ordre of this
boke, & the thynges that ben spoken of.

And as to mennes desyrynge to have a
very knowledge of these Cronycles or
of ony other, it is necessary : to knowe. v,i. thin,
ges. f . The fyrst is the stales of thynges, and
tiiose ben two. Oi.c fro the begynnynge of y«
worlde unto Cryst, the whiche is called the sta
te of Diuir.cion. The secunde is ffoijie Cryste
to the ende . of y'= worlde^ yf whiche. is called the sta ;
te of Reconsiliacion. 5f The seconde thynge
is the.diuisyon oftymes, & those ben three, one
is afore the lawe of moyses, & an other is un
der Y^ lawe of Moyses, an other is under la
we of grace after cryst dyed. ^ The thyrd is
y*^ gouernynge of kyngdomes. And as for tliat

D 2 ye



$6

ye must know : that although there wer fore
pryncypall kyngdomes, that is to say. Of Ba
bylon, of Persees, of Greekis, and Roinayns
neueriheles: as to the cours of the worlde : Sc
the ordre of holy scrypture : y« fyrst gouernyng
was under faders: from Adam unto Moyses
The seconde under Juges from Moyses un
to Saul. The thyrde under kynges : fro" Saul
unto Zorobabel. The foiirthe under bysshops
from Zorobabel unto Cryst. ^ The fourth is
the dyuersyte of lawes 8r those were fyve. The
fyrst was the lawe of nature: & that was co
men of all men. The seconde is the lawe or the
custome of gentyles : whan that under kynge
Nypn y^ peple began to worshyp fals goddes.
The thyrde is under the lawe wryten : rose the
lawe of Jewes : wha" y^ Circu'cisyon deuyded y"
Jewes from other people The fourth is under
Crystj rose the lawe of cristen men, whan fay
the & gxace of the sacramentes, enformed y=
Ijf of men. The fyfth under Machomete, rose
the lawe of Sarrazyns & Turkes. % The fyf *■
the is, the noblenesse or unnoblenesse in dedes
% And as to these it is to knowe. that vii per
sons ben recde of, whome the dedes many ty
mes are had in mynde in hystoryes That is to
■wyte, of aprynce in his reame, of a knyght iii
batayll. of a Juge in his place, of a bysshop in
the clergy, of a polytyk man in the peple of an
husbonde man in the hous, & of an abbot i~ his
chirche. And of these are wryten many tymcs
the laudes of good men, &. the punysshme~tes
of the cursyd men. f The sixthe is y= true cou
tynge of the yeres & as to that it is to be kno
we, that there were viii. maner of nombryng
or cout tynge of the yeres. Thre after the Hebre-
wes. Thre after the Grekis. One after y^ Ra
mayns. And one now after the crysten men.
The Hebfewes thre maner of wyse begy~neth
theyr yere. After the Hebrewcs there is the yere
usuall, begynnynge at January, the whiche
they use i covenau tes & barge~s makyng. And
the yere leyfoll begynnynge at Marche, y' whi
ch they use m theyr cerymonyes. And the ye
re Emergens from May begynnynge wJian

* •' Sext," sic in orig.

they theyl



37

they went from Egypt, they use in theyr cro
cles & calculations. 5f The Grekis nombreth
the yere thre manere of wyse. Fyrst to the glo
ry & joye of theyr victory, cou''teth theyr yerea
from the destruccyon of Troy. The fyrst, the
seconde, the tbyrde, the fourth &c. fl Theone
after the chyualry beganne at the hylle of O
lympus, they notefyed y' yeres after the same
Olympiadumj & what Olympodes is, ye
shall know after in the boke thethyrde whan
they bega to have lordship of all the world they
iiotefjed theyr yeres thys manere of wyse, in y*^
yere of fhe Regne of Grekis y*4, y' 10, y' xii,
XV. &c. As it is open in the boke of Machabe.

If Then~e after the Romayns governynge y^
worlde, counted & nombred theyr yei-es ab ur
be condita. ^ The last of all Christen men co'
teth theyr yeres from y« Incarnacyon of Criste
And bycause we ben Crysten men we use moo
ste to nombre, from y^ begynnynge of the worl
de, unto cryst was borne. And fro Cryst being
borne unto our tyme And this ordre is obser
ued & kepte in all the booke, of every thyng
in his place as it is sayd before.

if Explicit Prologus.
5r Hie incipit Fructus Tempor.
Bycause of this bokes made, to tel what
tyme of ony thynge notable was. Ther
fore the begynny'ge of all tymes shortely shall
be touched For the whiche after doctours it
is to be knowen, that iiii. thynges were made
fyrste, & in one tyme : & of one aege. That is to
wyte, the heuen Imperyall, au'gels nature : y=
matere of y^ foure elemc~tes : & tyme. And that
doctours calle, the werke of the creacyon : the
which was made afore ony daye or nyght of
the myghty power of God. Ane was made of
nothynge If Thenne after foloweth the wer
ke of the dyuysyon : the whiche was made in
ihre of the fyrst dayes in whiche is shewed the
hyghe wysdome of the maker. If Thenne af
ter foloweth the arayenge ef this werke in the
which is shewed the goodnes of the creature .
the whiche was made, iii, of the liexte dayes fo
lowynge (ut patz clare in textu gen. primo)

IT The fyrst day god made & devyded y« lyght
from the derknesse. If The seconde daye god

B 3 mader



38

made : & ordeyned the fyrtnament : & devyded

the water from the water. IT The thyrde daye

god made in the whiche he gadered y- waters

in to one place : & y' erthe then appered. If The

fourth daye god made : in the which he ordey

ned the sonne: y= moone & the sterrers & put them

in the fyrraament. 5|" The fyfth daye god ma

de : in the whiche he ordeyned fysshes & fou

les: & grate whales in the water. IT The sixtc

daye god ordeyned : in the which he made be

ests & man. The vn day god made

and in that day he rested of all werkes that he

had qrdeyjied not as in v/erkyng beynge

wcry, but he cessyd to make no new creatu

res. (vid. Geii. 1.)

Understande ye y' Adam y" fyrst man, of
whome.it is wryten in this fyrst age next
folowynge ly ved. CCL yere & xxx. And he gatte
XXXII. son'es, & as many doughters.

Then begins " the fyrste aege durynge unto the
floode of Noy," which ends in the foitrth coluipn of
this folio.

The lastchaptei- on the first page of folio cxxviii is

'•■ Of the deposing of Kynge He~ry the sixte
& how kynge Edwarde the fourth took pos
sessyo . & of the batayll on Palm Sondaye,
& hove he was crowned."

After giving an account of the battle of Toqtpn, it
epds thus:

Thenne Kynge Henry that had be kyng. be
ynge wyth the quene & the prj'nce att Yorke
herynge the losse of that felde. And so moche pe
pie slayne & overthrowe, anone forthe with
departed all thie wyth the Duke of Somerset
the lorde Roos, & other towarde Scotlande
And the nexte daye after kynge Edward with
all his armye entred in to yorke, & was ther
proclaymyd kynge & obeyed as he ought too
be. And the Mayre & comyns swore to be his
lyegemen. & whan they had taryed a whyle
in the northe & that all tlie north & that al the
north countree had torned to hym he retorned
sputh -v^atde. levynge behyndehym the erle of

' werwyk



39

werwyk in tho partyes to'governe & rule that
coiintre. And aboute Mydsomer after the yere
of our lorde. M.CCCC.LX. &the fyrste yere of hys
'regne he was crowned at westtrT. & anoynted
kfge of englo"de havyng possessyd" of al y*^ reame;"

The last page is principally * occupied by an- account
of the existing Pope Sextus IV. and his three predeces-
sors,

"■ Sixtus the fourth a lohanndSj & a frere
minor was pope after poule. This ma"



Online LibraryEgerton BrydgesThe British bibliographer → online text (page 4 of 57)