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fs in the

San Bernardino Valley



MRS. E. P. R. CRAFTS



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNI/

AT LOS angele:







PIONEER DAYS IN THE
SAN BERNARDINO VALLEY




1



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Z;^^ // £,(^^^1,^ ^^oM^



PIONEER DAYS IN THE
SAN BERNARDINO VALLEY



MRS. E. P. R. CRAFTS

ASSISTED By

MRS. FANNIE P. McGEHEE



KEDLANDS, CAI.IKOKNIA
1906



PRESS OF

KINCSLEY. MOUES 4 COLLINS CO

LOS ANGELES






COPYKIGHT, 1906
By

MKS. E. P. R. CRAFTS



259398



FOREWORD

Six years ago it seemed advisable that an authentic
narrative of pioneer days in this valley should be left
on record, and with that object in view I devoted
more than two years making research and writing,
preparatory to compiling a volume.

In this I shall briefly speak of the work of the de-
voted Franciscan Fathers, who opened the way for
civilization to enter the valley ; then of the pioneers,
who began the settlement of the city of San Bernar-
dino ; of the opening and development of the East-
berne Valley, of Crafton, Lugonia and Redlands.

For the facts concerning the labors of the Catholic
missionaries, I am indebted to Father Juan Cabal-
leria, who kindly gave me permission to quote from
his interesting history.

As to the labors of the pioneers, it has been my hap-
piness to be closely associated with inany of these
noble men and women, and from time to time I have
gathered the valuable facts aiid interesting incidents
that are embodied in this volume.

For information regarding Eastberne Valley I am
under obligation to Messrs. C R. Paine, Geo. A. Cook,
E. G. Judson, and Dr. Ellen Seymour; also to the
h'dlaiids JUnstrated Pacts for important data.

For ,iiy errors that may have found their way into
these pages, and for any omissions, I hope to be for-
given ; and now I offer this little book to the descend-
ants of those whose devotion inspired it, hoping that
it may preserve the memory of heroism seldom equaled
and never surpassed.

The Author.



12 PKJNKEK DAYS IX TIIIC

a road hctwciii Sonoia. in Mexico, and Monterey, in
California. IJe came from tlic Colorado river to San
(Jabricl, across the desert from soutlieast to north-
west, hv the way of ^'nn1a. San Gorgonio Pass and
throni^li San P.ernar(Hno \'alley. The Anza exjjedi-
tion was an extensive ontfit — 240 persons, men. women
and ln(Hans, and 1030 beasts. They entered the val-
ley on the 15th of March."

The San Gabriel Mission was the first place where
supplies could be obtained after crossini; the ilesert.
.\s travel over this road increased it was arran;^ed to
establish a supply station at some intermediate point
between the Sierras on the north and the mission, in
(jrder to lessen the hardshiixs of this journey, by pro-
vidini;- travelers with a place where they could rest
and obtain food. Some missionaries were sent out
from the San Gabriel Mission under the leadership of
I'adrc Dumetz to select a locaticin.

On the 20th of May. 1810, they came into tlie San
liernardino \ alley. This^ according;" to the Roman
Calendar of Saints, was the feast day of San Ber-
nardino of Sienna, and the\' named the valley in his
honor.

They found an ideal location, in a place called
Guachama. which means ■■i)lenty to eat." Tlie valley
was well watered and luxuriant with springtime ver-
dure. The liuachama Indians had here a i)Opuloiis
rancheria. A number of other rancherias were scat-
tered about the valley, each bearini; a name sii;nincant
of the place where it was situate


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Online LibraryEliza Persis Russell Robbins CraftsPioneer days in the San Bernardino valley → online text (page 1 of 12)