with the pacifist movement. Rose Schneidermann (see "Who's Who"), who
has objected to the nickname, the "Red Rose of Anarchy," was also one of
this committee and is a Roosevelt appointee on the Labor Advisory Board.
Rose Schneidermann, Lillian Wald and Mrs. Roosevelt are associated
together also in the National Women's Trade Union League (radical enough
to merit Garland Fund support and the Garland Fund plainly states it gives
only for radical purposes).
"Miss" Frances Perkins was formerly executive secretary of the socialist
National Consumers League, of which, in 1931, Mrs. Roosevelt, Jane Addams,
Newton D. Baker and Alice Hamilton were vice presidents.
Nor is it strange that Leo Wolman and Sidney Hillman, two outstanding
radicals (see "Who's Who"), should be Roosevelt appointees to the Labor
The New Deal and Roosevelt Appointees
Advisory Board. They were both directors of the Garland Fund, which aided
two of the organizations of which Mrs. Roosevelt is a member (National
Consumers League and National Women's Trade Union League).
Paul Douglas left his work at the U. of Chicago to go to Washington
as Roosevelt's Adviser to NRA. His radical record (see "Who's Who") is
lengthy. Sam Hammersmark, the head of the Chicago Communist Book
Store at 2019 W. Division St. and a Communist Party district executive,
knows him well enough to call him "Paul". A columnist quoted Douglas,
commenting on the present change in administration, as saying: "And to
think but a short time ago we were called radicals!" He left his wife and
children in recent years and married the daughter of Lorado Taft, the
sculptor. Taft now serves on the Red "Chicago Committee for Struggle
Wm. E. Dodd (see "Who's Who"), a member of the executive committee
of the Chicago A. C. L. U., is Pres. Roosevelt's appointee as Ambassador to
Germany. How Hitler must love that!
Harold L. Ickes, radical "Republican," is Roosevelt's Secretary of the
Interior. He owns a gorgeous Winnetka, 111. estate and has been active in
"reform" politics for many years. He is held up as the model "honest" poli-
tician. He is in Paul Douglas' utilities-baiting, socialist Utility Consumers
and Investors League and is either a member of or contributor to the A. C.
L. U. His wife, a member of the Illinois Legislature, is said to be an ardent
Donald Richberg, another member of Paul Douglas' Utility Consumers
and Investors League, is Pres. Roosevelt's General Legal Advisor of NRA.
Said the Chgo. Daily News, Sept. 5, 1933: His position in NRA "can
be measured by the fact he gets $12,500 while the others (including John-
son) get $6,000." He was chairman of the resolutions committee of the
radical Conference for Progressive Political Action in Cleveland, 1924, which
"steals" elections for radical candidates (Am. Labor Who's Who). (See also
this "Who's Who").
Henry Wallace, the radical Roosevelt Secretary of Agriculture, was a
member of the Nat. Citizens Committee on Relations with Latin America
and Nat. Save Our Schools Com.
Sophonisba P. Breckenridge and Anne Guthrie (see "Who's Who") were
U. S. delegates to the Pan-American Conference, Nov., 1933, with the
Wm. H. Leiserson, Secretary of the National Labor Board, is a fellow
author with Norman Thomas and Harry Laidler of the book "Socialism of
Our Times". His section is entitled "Socialist Theory and the Class Struggle".
Prof. Raymond Moley, Roosevelt's appointee as Assistant Secretary of
State, is a close friend of Wm. C. Bullitt. According to "Time" of May 8,
1933: "At Western Reserve he is still well remembered as the professor who
required his classes to read the New Republic when that journal of parloi
liberalism was considered Red." (It is still considered Red).
John F. Sinclair, of the Garland Fund Committee on Imperialism and
of the A. C. L. U. national committee, was reported by the press to be engaged
in confidential work for Pres. Roosevelt (Chgo. Tribune, May 9, 1933). He
88 The Red Network
was appointed member of the NRA review board, March 1934, with Clarence
Darrow, chairman (See "Who's Who" for both).
Heywood Broun and Joseph Wood Krutch, well known radicals (see
"Who's Who"), were appointed as NRA industrial advisors for codes of
fair competition in the theatre industry (Chgo. American, Aug. 8, 1933).
If McKee, 1933 candidate for Mayor of New York, was, as he claimed,
a Roosevelt man, and the accounts in the Daily Worker of Sept. 13, 15, 17,
1933 concerning Pres. Roosevelt's aid to La Guardia are correct, then the
non-Tammany voter indeed had a Tweedle-Dum and Tweedle-Dee choice
between Rooseveltian candidates. To quote the Daily Worker; "Wm. J.
Schiefflin, known as the founder of the Fusion movement, is a wily demagogue
who has considerable distinction among capitalist politicians. On May 17,
1931 Schiefflin paid verbal tribute to Norman Thomas. He said that Thomas
was 'a man excellently capable and fitted for the office of Mayor. . . . But in
the Fusion fight Schiefflin feared that Thomas might handicap his capitalist
political wing through his Socialist tag." And then: "By Aug. 2" (1933)
"the whole Fusion movement seemed to be at the point of collapse. It was
then that Roosevelt's personal advisor was rushed upon the scene to save
the day. Adolph A. Berle, Jr., a member of Roosevelt's so-called 'brain
trust,' went into hurried conference. Another such gathering was called the
following night and it was at this session that La Guardia was chosen as
standard bearer. Since that time Roosevelt's personal advisor has helped
La Guardia to draft the City Fusion Party platform. . . . Fusion's standard
bearer is a former Republican, a former Socialist, a former Progressive, a
former well paid advisor of the Tammany administration" (legal services in
1923). "In the following autumn" (1924) "he entered the race for Con-
gress on the Socialist ticket. ... As a Socialist La Guardia had often expressed
his opposition to war . . . ," etc.
The National Labor Tribune for June 22, 1933 states that Adolph A.
Berle, Jr. and the radical Congressman Fiorello H. La Guardia wrote the
Railroad Corporation Reorganization Bill. A. A. Berle, Jr. and Paul Blans-
hard, for 15 years a leading Socialist, and an executive of the Socialist
L. I. D., are now members of the La Guardia cabinet.
The Daily Worker failed to give La Guardia credit for his Socialist con-
sistency in boring from within these various parties and at the same time
that he was the Fusion candidate for conservatives joining in issuing the call
for the Conference for Progressive Political Action held in Chicago, Aug. 29,
1933, to plan radical nation-wide action along the same political lines.
A. A. Berle, Jr., Special Advisor of Reconstruction Finance Corporation,
is the the son of A. A. Berle, who served on the executive committee of the
Civil Liberties Bureau (Lusk Report, p. 1083). He was formerly in the law
office of Louis D. Brandeis, radical Supreme Court Justice (see), whose
decision in the Oklahoma Ice Case is cited by radicals as a victory for
Louis E. Kirstein of the National Advisory Board is the socialistic asso-
ciate of Edward A. Filene of Boston. "Incidentally it was learned today that
the Century Fund endowed by Edward A. Filene, Boston merchant, paid
The New Deal and Roosevelt Appointees 89
all the expenses of the industry control administration, including salaries of
many publicity men, etc. . . . during the organization before the industrial
control bill had been passed by Congress." (Chgo. Tribune, July 30, 1933).
Judson King, Research Investigator for Tennessee Valley Authority;
James P. Warbasse of the Consumers Board of NRA; Wm. F. Ogburn,
resigned member of Consumers Advisory Board; David E. Lilienthal, con-
nected with Tennessee Valley Authority; Henry T. Hunt, General Counsel,
Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works (of Communist and
Socialist committees) ; and Arthur E. Morgan, Director, Tennessee Valley
Authority; all have radical affiliations listed in this "Who's Who," as has
Felix Frankfurter, at whose request Jerome Frank was made Gen. Counsel
of AAA, Wm. L. Nunn, Nathan Margold, Chas. Edw. Russell, etc.
"The safety of the country rests on the provision it makes for adult edu-
cation George F. Zook, United States Commissioner of Education, declared
today before the Adult Educational Council of Chicago" (Chgo. Daily News,
Oct. 20, 1933). (The Adult Educational Council provides Socialist and Com-
munist lecturers for adult education which should make America safe for
Socialism.) "Mr. Zook added that the orders of the Federal Employment
Relief Service to the effect that public funds be made available for employ-
ment of unemployed persons in adult education projects grew out of a con-
ference sponsored by the education office and prompted in part by successful
adult education projects in New York under Harry Hopkins, now Federal
Director of Relief."
The speech of Hopkins, who shared the program with Mrs. Roosevelt
and Newton D. Baker at the Stevens Hotel, Chgo., Oct. 30, 1933 (as reported
in the Chgo. Daily News, Oct. 31), may be summed up in his statement:
"A new social order is to come out of the new deal." No socialistic speaker
ever forgets that phrase "new social order," which of course differentiates
Marx' social order from the American social order.
The Roosevelt administration mouth piece "Today" (of Raymond Moley)
said editorially, Jan. 27, 1934, concerning President Roosevelt:
"To the Philippine Islands he sent Frank Murphy, the colorful and pro-
gressive Mayor of Detroit. Frank Murphy, sharing some of Father Cough-
lin's ardent progressivism, is, in his thinking, rather to the left"
Father Coughlin, who said over the radio, Jan. 14, 1934, that he would
rather live in Russia under the heel of Stalin than in America under the lash
of Morgan, has been hailed with glee by the socialist Public Ownership
League (see). His radio propaganda is deeply appreciated by radicals.
Father John A. Ryan of the Public Ownership League and the national
committee of the infamous Communist-aiding American Civil Liberties Union
declares that Father Coughlin "is on the side of the angels," while other
Catholic dignitaries have dubbed him a "rabble rouser".
When Pres. Roosevelt was Governor of New York, he appointed Frank P.
Walsh, one of the most valuable friends the Red movement has had, to the
N. Y. Commn. on Revision of Public Utility Laws, June, 1929, and chmn. of
Power Authority of the State of N. Y., May, 1931. The radical activities of
Frank P. Walsh and Felix Frankfurter, one of the insiders of Pres. Roose-
90 The Red Network
velt's "brain trust," have been extensive. See Fred Biedenkapp (notorious
Communist agitator) in "Who's Who" for aid given him by F. D. Roosevelt
The Chicago Daily News, Dec. 26, 1933, under the caption, "Hails 1500
Yule Pardons As Victory for Free Speech," quotes the words of praise of Harry
N. Weinberg, the attorney who defended Anarchist Emma Goldman, for the
action of Pres. Roosevelt in extending pardon and amnesty to 1500 Reds,
who had been convicted of seditious activities against the U. S. government
a gesture of friendship following close upon recognition of Russia, not
unappreciated by revolutionaries. It is noteworthy, however, that at the
same time the nation's newspapers, after months of haggling, were still
unsuccessful in securing a clause guaranteeing them "freedom of speech" in
their NRA code. As a consequence, Emma Goldman, deported Anarchist-
Communist and free love exponent, has now returned and is spreading her
ulcerous doctrines again.
Pres. Roosevelt recently pardoned Robert Osman, Brooklyn corporal,
convicted in 1931 of communicating military secrets to Communists (see
Louis Waldman in "Who's Who").
An Associated Press dispatch of Dec. 15, 1933, stated that "Raymond
Moley, former assistant Secretary of State, criticized his former chief, Secre-
tary of State Cordell Hull, for terming the administration's relief and recov-
ery measures 'temporary and extraordinary' measures . . . saying that 'we are
building permanently and not for a mere purpose of recovery/ urged the
reconstruction of the Democratic Party to carry on the principles of the
administration's recovery and relief measures."
Pres. Hutchins, who shared the Sinai Temple program of Oct. 30, 1933,
with Mordecai Ezekiel and Norman Thomas, pleaded for federal funds and a
federal secretary of education in order that education might be more and
more state subsidized and controlled. Norman Thomas, of course, supple-
mented this socialistic idea with other Socialist plans and Ezekiel said that
the long term aim of the U. S. agricultural program is to "place the best
farmers on the best land," placing the surplus farmers in city factories.
I think when Ezekiel comes to shifting farmers around, as Russia does,
and telling a farmer who loves his home that he is a "surplus" farmer he
may find that the "loud acclaim" which Wm. E. Sweet's letter asserts Roose-
velt is receiving will change to something like the statements of Gov. 'Alfalfa
Bill' Murray, as recently reported in the press. Having heard that the pan-
handle section of his State's lands were to be declared unfit for farming and
the settlers moved elsewhere, he declared he would call out the National
Guard and "not one d settler would be moved". The residents them-
selves declared they had lived on and loved their land for many years and
knew more about its possibilities than the government appointees and did
not care to be moved. Of course the more probable and smoother method
of making the farmers move peaceably would be to pay for the land and
load the bill onto the taxpayers. Any measure which raises taxes is a means
of socialization or doing away with private ownership.
Abraham Lincoln said that any issue should be judged not by whether
it is all good or all bad, but by whether it is preponderantly good or bad, as
no issue or individual is wholly good or bad.
Capitalism Hewer and "Ckiseier" 91
American government along Washingtonian lines has demonstrated its
worth. It is as perfect a form of government for any age as human nature
will allow it to be. It spurs initiative and offers incentive with a maximum
of freedom and a minimum of coercion. Until recent years, when radical
tamperers started saddling it with bureaucracy, it maintained its people at
the highest level ever known.
No former depression was able long to halt the upward surge of Amer-
ican progress. Given back their real liberty, their freedom to work for some-
thing except the tax collector, Americans would again down this depression.
Socialism in Austria, England and Australia has kept those countries depressed
for years by the vicious cycle of taxation, more unemployment, more unem-
ployment, more taxation. For every rich employer "swatted," many wage
earners were thrown on the dole, then more people on the dole required
The many thousands of middle class, or "bourgeois," American citizens
who have a financial interest in the packing industry, or the public utilities,
through the ownership of stock, bonds, life insurance policies, etc., may well
look with apprehension upon the recently announced plan of the Roosevelt
administration to take over the packing industry as a "basic industry." And
yet, if quick, drastic and concerted action in opposition is not taken, that is
what may possibly be done, as one of the various steps toward complete
socialization of the Country under the guidance of "Commissars" Morgen-
thau, Johnson, Perkins, Ickes, Wallace and Tugwell.
A comparison between the Communist Manifesto's ten measures for
socializing a state, the 1932 Socialist Party platform, and the Rooseveltian
Bills passed by Congress 1933-4, is shocking. It is significant that Post-
master General Farley, Administration spokesman and still head of the
Democratic National Committee, insists (summer 1934) that every feature
of the "New Deal" was conceived in the mind of Franklin Roosevelt before
he was even nominated for the Presidency, and deplores the popular vogue
of giving the credit (or blame) to the "Brain Trust."
Not partisanship, but "Socialism versus Americanism" is the issue before
America now. No Socialist-Democrat, no compromising willy-nilly Republican
torn between innate American conservatism and internationalist radical-
pacifism deserves support. We need a rockbound old American or an anti-
Marxian Democrat (with a Congress to match) to lead America. Who is
he? Even though he is found, he will not relieve individuals of responsibility
in picking local election slates before "George" does it for them.
Every American who values his home, his liberty and the future of his
children should give himself heart and soul in the next election to the Party
which gives proof that its candidates will uphold the American principles
which have made America great and will offer American voters the opportunity
to vote "Karl Marx" out of office.
CAPITALISM HEWER AND "CHISELER"
OF AMERICAN GREATNESS
The slogan of socialism is "Production for use and not for profit," but
the spirit of capitalism is production for use and for profit. Socialists every-
where are as familiar with the Soviet cartoons and myths concerning the ugly,
fat, heavy-jowled old man in the frock coat and high hat, greedily clutching
bags of gold, whom they label "Capitalism" as we all are with cartoons and
92 The Red Network
myths about fat, jolly, old Santa Glaus with his pack of toys. The myths
built up around each of these imaginary old gentlemen are childish, but no
less satisfying to certain mentalities.
What could be simpler in time of economic stress and bewilderment than
to imagine a few greedy old fat capitalists clutching all of the nation's wealth
in their money bags, while exulting maliciously over the hardships of the
unemployed, the unemployed advancing upon them, cracking them over their
heads and "re-distributing the wealth" in their bags to the needy? An end-
ing as simple and happy as the arrival of Santa Claus with toys, with the
added satisfaction of taking revenge on the villain.
In reality millions of Americans, a greater proportion of the population
than in any other country, own farms, homes, property, stock, savings, or a
business of some sort and are capitalists on a larger or smaller scale. When
a Socialist tells the "old one" about a half dozen or so capitalists controlling
all of the wealth in the United States, he should be sent to read the volumes
of names of owners of property listed on the tax books of various districts
and to poll the store keepers and business men of any "Main Street" to ask
them how many of their concerns are owned by the half dozen big, bad,
capitalists, and how many are privately owned.
Anyone who owns any investment, property, or business nowadays knows
that profits are doubtful, dividends and interest are not being paid, taxes are
almost confiscatory, that capitalists who have large holdings are distressed,
tax eaten and gloomy, and that some of them commit suicide. The Socialists'
mythical capitalist exulting over the present depression is not to be found
in real life, nor is it conceivable that any capitalist would deliberately
deprive himself of profits in order to deprive his employees of the prosperity
wages paid when business is run at prosperity speed.
Who, then, should be cracked over the head? How can wealth that is not
produced be re-distributed? Property, tools, business, factories, cannot be
eaten, hoarded in bags, or hidden under the bed. These produce wealth only
when they can function at a profit for everyone. When they do not, their
owners are "property poor."
Russians are told they must suffer deprivation in order that the goods
they produce may be exported abroad to pay for machinery (soon rusted
through carelessness), to industrialize Russia.
Ellery Walter, fascinating author and lecturer who, after living under the
"planned society order" of Russia, became depinked, told how he stood
looking at a long line of tractors which were out of commission and asked
his Russian girl guide what was the matter with them. She said they had
broken down from lack of greasing. Noting a peasant's cart rumbling along
with a bucket of grease swinging from the axle, he pointed it out and said to
her: "Those peasants know enough to grease their wagons. What is the
matter with them that they don't know enough to grease the tractors?" She
happened to know the peasant and merely replied, "O! that wagon belongs
America, the world's greatest industrial nation, industrialized itself under
private capitalism, for use and for profit, not only without deprivation, but
while enjoying increasing prosperity and highest wages. American suffer-
Capitalism Hewer and "CMseler" 93_
ings started only when capitalism took sick. Like a sick horse, the decrepit
economic system back of which we are now crawling along is not Capitalism
himself, but a Capitalism loaded down with Socialism. Quietly, step by step
since 1912, one socialistic measure after another has been passed, one state
or federal bureau after another has been put into operation at the expense of
the tax payer. It is estimated that a generation ago a man worked one day
in every fifty to pay taxes, whereas just before the New Deal he worked one
day in every five to pay taxes. A mere list of governmental activities run at
the expense of the taxpayer would fill a good sized booklet.
America's horse "Capitalism," or private industry, carried his steadily
mounting load very well until recent years, when his back caved in alarm-
ingly and his gait became labored. Promising to cure this overloaded back
and slow gait by "balancing the budget," the New Deal has instead piled
onto him a further load of billions of dollars in socialistic taxation. Social-
ists gleefully predict that our horse will die. They exult that "Capitalism
has failed." He probably will die unless he is rescued. If he does, it will
not be his fault, but the fault of those deliberately aiming to kill him with
Socialist burdens. Unload Capitalism and give him a sniff of oats for his
profit, and he will trot along as he did before. He has proven what he can
do in the past.
What have socialistic experiments ever achieved, except deficits or failure?
While Russia was primitive under the Czars, it danced on holidays and wor-
shipped God with a full stomach. The Ukraine, now starving, was, in fact,
called the bread basket of Europe. Famine, spy and shot gun ridden Russia
now turns out more propaganda than produce.
Dr. H. Parker Willis, Columbia U. professor, one of the authors of the
federal reserve act, and a monetary authority, said before the American
Economic Association, Dec. 28, 1933, that he had had difficulty in analyzing
the recovery program because of "a lack of consistency and frankness on the
part of those identified with its origin and administration. One fully
accredited spokesman of the recovery administration stated that the New
Deal was devised after a careful study of European Socialism, Russian Com-
munism, and Italian Fascism. But almost at the same time, another equally
high and equally authoritative spokesman denied that there was anything
revolutionarv in the undertakings.
"But taking the most recent and official exposition of the recovery, I
find it based upon a fundamentally false premise. It rests upon the assump-
tion that the depression was due to a breakdown of laissez faire. When did
industry lose its freedom? Certainly not on March 3, 1933, but many years
"As a matter of fact, the panic of 1929 grew out of the existence of too
much interference with some industries and nursing, spoon-feeding, and
coddling others. It is not true that uncontrolled excessive individualism has
destroyed itself. What we are suffering from today is an undue govern-
mental interference with business." (Chicago Tribune, Dec. 29, 1933).
I listened to Henry A. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture, telling the
world over the radio on Christmas morning that governmental "planning"
under the New Deal must go on in ever broadening measure, to secure for
94 The Red Network
the people of America a more "equitable redistribution of wealth," to abolish
the "profit motive," the "greed" and "rugged individualism" (all good
Socialist phrases), which had ruined this country. He said that nothing that
governmental "planning" could do in the future could fail as America had
failed in the past, and that nothing it could do could ruin America as we