Everyone should be encouraged to take
a personal stand to be a war resister. . . .
Anti war congresses should be held. There
cannot be too many public protests."
The editorial in this issue voices the
usual Red "anti-imperialist," anti-Ameri-
can-government attitude in reviewing red
Carleton Reals' book on Cuba, saying in
part: "We are made to see our own coun-
try, the United States, as the chief of-
fender against the Cuban people. In 1898
we did not free Cuba, but only transferred
her from the bondage of Spain to the ex-
ploitation of America. It is to the ever-
lasting credit of President Roosevelt and
Secretary Hull that they not only did not
interfere with the revolutionists, but ac-
tually gave them friendly counsel and as-
In 1933, "Unity" lists the following:
Unity Publishing Co., Abraham Lincoln Cen-
ter, 700 Oakwood Blvd., Chicago, 111. John Haynes
Holmes, Editor: Curtis W. Reese, Managing Edi-
tor; Board of Directors: Mrs. Salmon O. Levinson,
President; Mrs. E. L. Lobdell, Vice President;
Mrs. Irwin S. Rosenfels, Treasurer; Mrs. Francis
Neilson (Helen Swift Neilson, daughter of the cap-
italistic packer, Gustavus F. Swift, and sister of
Harold Swift, pres. of the bd. of trustees of the
Univ. of Chicago, where Communism is a recog-
nized student activity); Mrs. Ella R. Nagely; Mrs.
O. T. Knight; Mrs. Irwin Rosenfels; Mr. Curtis
W. Reese; Miss Mathilda C. Schaff; Mrs. E. E.
Smith; Mr. Francis Neilson; Secretary, May John-
son; Editorial Contributors: W. Waldemar W.
Argow; Dorothy Walton Binder (Wife of Carroll,
editorial assistant to publisher of the Chicago Daily
News, which urged recognition of Soviet Russia);
Raymond B. Biagg; Edmund B. Chaffee; Percy M.
Dawson (advisor in Alex Meikle John's ultra radical
Experimental College at U. of Wis., 1927-29);
Albert C. Dieffenbach (chmn. for Boston of the
Fellowship of Faiths "Threefold Movement");
James A. Fairley; Zona Gale; A. Eustace Haydon;
Jesse H. Holmes; Louis L. Mann; Jos. Ernest
McAfee (of Union Theological Seminary, dir. for
John Haynes Holmes Church of "community serv-
ice" since 1924); Henry R. Mussey; Max C.
Otto; Alson H. Robinson; Robt. C. Scholler; Clar-
ence R. Skinner; Sidney Strong; Jabez T. Sunder-
land (of Union Theol. Sem.; Pres. of various
Indian Freedom Organizations); Arthur L. Weath-
erly; James H. West. Poetry Editors: Lucia Trent,
Ralph Cheyney. Foreign Representatives: Australia
Chas. Strong; Austria Stefan Zweig; Bulgaria
P. M. Mattheff; England Harrison Broun, Fred
Hawkinson, Reginald Reynolds; France G. De-
martial, Remain Rolland (Communist) ; Germany
Theodor Hahn; India Rabindranath Tagore;
Japan Nobuichire Imaoka; Palestine Hans Kohn;
Russia Alina Huebsch.
ADULT EDUCATION COUNCIL
See Chicago Forum Council.
A communist T.U.U.L. Union; rec'd
$3,000 from the Garland Fund; A. E.
Sanchez, 1643 Lawrence St., Denver, Colo.,
organizer of beet workers ; Donald Hender-
ALL AMERICA ANTI IMPERIALIST
(ALSO INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE
Name now is Anti Imperialist League,
American section of Moscow's Interna-
tional League Against Imperialism; an
"All America" Communist subsidiary which
in 1928 had 12 sections established in the
U. S. and 11 Latin American countries
spreading "vicious and false propaganda in
Mexico, Central and South American
countries against the United States, depict-
ing this country as a big bully trying to
exploit Latin America. This campaign has
been successful in arousing hatred among
Latin Americans against the United States"
(U. S. Fish Report) ; it agitates against the
Monroe doctrine and forms "Hands Off
Committees" (see) to propagandize against
U. S. interference whenever the Commun-
ists are endangering American lives and
property by stirring up trouble and revolu-
tion in Cuba, China, Mexico, Nicaragua,
etc. This propaganda is echoed by such
A.C.L.U. affairs as the Committee on Cul-
tural Relations with Latin America, Non
Intervention Citizens Committee, National
Citizens Committee on Relations with
Latin America (see), etc. Works in close
association, though not affiliated, with the
Chinese Students Alliance (mid- west sec-
tion), Conference for Filipino Indepen-
dence, Monsang (Chinese Waiters Union of
Chicago), Sun Yat Sen Society, etc. The
official report of the Communist Party's
convention held in Chicago Aug. 21-30,
1925 (then called Workers' Party), where
it was formed, stated: "Under the present
Central Executive Committee the Worker's
Party of America has for the first time
made anti-imperialist work one of its basic
activities the most important step in this
direction being the successful organization
of the All America Anti-Imperialist
League The A.A.A.I.Lg. was endorsed by
the Comintern and Profintern." (page 19).
The Garland Fund, in 1927 and later, not
only donated $1,500 to the A.A.A.I.Lg. it-
self but spent thousands and thousands of
dollars for "research work on imperialism"
and appointed and paid "the Garland Fund
Committee on American Imperialism"
(see) for its efforts along this line; Roger
Baldwin, a director of both Garland Fund
and A.C.L.U., went with Wm. Pickens of
the N.A.A.C.P., Richard Moore (director
of Communist Negro work) and Com-
munist Manuel Gomez, Nat. Sec. of the
A.A.A.I.Lg., to Brussels, Belgium, in 1927
as a delegate to the communist World
Congress Against Imperialism, which or-
ganized Moscow's International League
Against Imperialism, the coordinating body
of all communist Anti Imperialist League
branches throughout the world. (Daily
Worker, Mar. 9-22, 1927). This Congress,
according to Baldwin, "was conceived by
the same Communists and near-Commun-
ists who were active in the International
Workers' Aid, working in close cooperation
with the European representatives of the
Kuomintang party and the Mexican work-
The AAA.I.Lg.'s first official report
stated that "direct contact with Mexico
was maintained through the visits of Com-
rades Johnstone, Gomez, and Lovestone to
Mexico." Lovestone was then head of the
Communist Party of the U. S. A., called
then the "Workers Party."
Paul Crouch, the Communist convicted
of sedition in Hawaii, has been an active
leader. He issued a manifesto in behalf of
the A.A.A.I.Lg. printed in the Daily
Worker Nov. 2, 1928. Communist Manuel
Gomez, who first headed the A.A.A.I.Lg.
as nat. sec. and acted as active organizer
in 1927, was replaced in 1929 by Wm.
Simons, who is still nat. sec. (1933), and
Communist Scott Nearing became nat.
chmn. The Chicago hdqts. were at 156 W.
Washington St. with the Federated Press
and units were established in large cities
like New York, Chicago, San Francisco,
Soon after the recent Communist-
fomented Cuban revolution broke out, the
"Daily Worker" headlined "Hands Off
Cuba" and Wm. Simons and a delegation
visited Pres. Roosevelt to protest against
the sending of warships to Cuba (Sept.,
1933). The Mar. 1933 issue of National
Republic reported that about 150 members
of the A.A.A.I.Lg. took part in a demon-
stration of 1,000 Reds in New York City
and paraded before the Chinese consulate
to protest against the imprisonment in
China of a Communist leader Huang Ping.
Members of committees supporting Wash-
ington, D. C. conference of A.A.A.I.Lg.
(Daily Worker, Dec. 14, 1926) were:
Clarence Darrow, Waldo Frank, Scott Nearing,
Frank Weber (pres. Wis. Fed. Labor), Henry Tei-
gan (sec. Minn. Farmer-Lab. Party), R. C. Wiggin
(Asst. City Atty. Mpls.), Albert F. Coyle (ed.
Locomotive Engrs. Journal), Rev. J. H. Holmes,
Robt. W. Dunn, E. G. Flynn (nat. chmn. I. L. D.),
Manuel Gomez, Jac Frederick (Machinists' Un.),
Guy Anderson (Electricians Un.), Ernest Unter-
mann (edtl. writer Milw. Leader), Wm. F. Dunne
(ed. Daily Worker), Paul Jones (Fell. Recon. as-
soc. dir.), Prof. Ellen Hayes (Wellesley Coll.),
H. W. L. Dana, Robt. M. Lovett, Carl Haessler,
Wm. Pickens (N. A. A. C. P.), Dorothy Gary
(chmn. Minn. State Fed. Lab. ed. dept.), John
Stockwell, Arthur Fisher (sec. Emer. For. Pol.
Conf.), Ex-Cong. Clyde M. Tavenner (ed. "Philip-
pine Republic"), Mike Gold (New Masses), V. F.
Calverton (ed. "Modern Quarterly"), Ralph Chap-
lin (I. W. W.), Rev. David Rhys Williams, Eliz.
Glendower Evans, Lucia Ames Mead (W. I. L. P.
F.), Wm. H. Holly, Prof. H. S. Bucklin (Brown
U.), Justine Wise (Yale U. Law Sch.), John F.
Markey (U. of Minn.), "Bishop" Wm. M. Brown,
Cirilo Mavat (Filipino Assn. of Chgo.), Marx
Lewis (sec. to Cong. Victor L. Berger). Lawrence
Todd (Wash. corr. Fed. Press), Rev. Sidney Strong
The Daily Worker, April 18, 1928, stated
concerning an A.A.A.I.Lg. conference:
"The Conference voted unanimously for the im-
mediate formation of a permanent All-America
Anti-Imperialist League branch to be composed of
the organizations present. The provisional execu-
tive committee with many additional names was
made the permanent executive of the Chicago
League with William H. Holly as chairman, Ray
Koerner as vice-chairman and Harry Cannes as
"The complete committee of the Chicago All-
America Anti-Imperialist League is as follows:
Anacleto Almanana, Filipino Association of Chi-
cago; Zonia Baber, chairman, Pan-American Rela-
tions Committee, Women's International League
for Peace and Freedom; John Bielowski, United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, Local No.
1367; Clarence Darrow, lawyer and publicist;
Henry Duel, League for Industrial Democracy;
Arthur Fisher, Secretary, Emergency Foreign Policy
Conference; Harry Cannes; A. Cans, Jewish
Marxian Youth Alliance; Alice Hanson, secretary,
Chicago Liberal Club; Sam Herman, Young Work-
ers (Communist) League; Lillian Herstein, Teach-
er's Union; William H. Holly; T. Y. Hu, Sun Yat
Sen Lodge 492 ; Peter Jenson, pres. Machinists
lodge 492; Arnulfo E. Jimenez, Sociedad Mutulista;
Benito Juarez; Ray Koerner, secretary Boilermakers
Lodge 626; Dr. John A. Lapp; Prof. Robert Morss
Lovett, associate editor, New Republic; C. J. Mar-
tell, Chicago Watch and Clock-makers Union;
Walter Rienbold, president, Boilermakers 626; F.
Scriben, Filipino Workers Club; Mordecai Schu 1 -
man, Workmen's Circle 516; Arne Swabeck, Paint-
ers Union; Otto Wangerin, editor, Railroad Amal-
gamation Advocate; Dr. David Rhys Williams."
The official organ (1933) is "Upsurge"; pub. by
Wm. Simons; editor is Martin Kaye. Hdqts. 90
East 10th St., N. Y. City.
The Red Network
The letter-head, 1928, lists:
"Secretary, Manuel Gomez; National Committee:
Clarence Darrow, James H. Maurer, Alexander
Howat, Roger Baldwin, Socrates Sandino, Charlotte
Anita Whitney, H. H. Broach, Lewis S. Gannett,
Harriet Stanton Blatch, Scott Nearing, John Brophy,
William Blewitt, William Mahoney, S. A. Stock-
well, William Z. Foster, Paxton Hibben, W. E. B.
Du Bois, William Pickens, L. J. De Bekker, Louis
F. Budenz, Robert W. Dunn, Albert Weisbord,
Robert Morss Lovett, Arthur Garfield Hays, Pablo
Manlapit, Ben Gold, Anacleto Almanana, Freda
Kirchwey, Lillian Herstein, Hugo Oehler, Max
Schachtman, Harry Cannes, Arthur C. Calhoun,
Fred T. Douglas, Ernest Untermann, William F.
Dunne, Harriet Silverman, Eduardo Machado, P.
T. Lau. National office, United States Section
39 Union Square, New York City."
The International League Against Im-
perialism, the parent organization, has
branches in all parts of the world and is
Moscow's agency for spreading revolution-
ary doctrines among colonial peoples. It
urges those still primitive peoples who are
now united with and defended by strong
civilizing powers such as the U.S., England,
Holland and France, to throw off "foreign
imperialism" in order that they may more
easily be captured piecemeal for Moscow
imperialism an imperialism which by
comparison with the modern, liberal, so-
called "imperialism" of the nations it
attacks is like a penitentiary reform school
compared with a Montessori Kindergarten
(where freedom of "self expression" for
each little personality is the rule). It not
only urges the Philippines to break away
from United States "imperialism," and
Latin America to throw off the Monroe
Doctrine, but it tries to persuade the citizens
of all ruling countries that civilizing and
keeping order in savage countries is brutal
bullying "imperialism" on the part of their
governments and that they should urge
their governments to keep "Hands Off"
regardless of danger to the lives or property
of other nationals. Communist sympa-
thizers naturally help this propaganda
Willi Muenzenberg, German Communist,
has been its head or international secretary.
Bertrand Russell has been head of the Eng-
lish section and Henri Barbusse, French
Communist, head of the French section.
Albert Einstein, Mme. Sun Yat Sen
(China), Upton Sinclair, Willi Muenzen-
berg, Maxim Gorki (U.S.S.R.), Sen. Kata-
yama, artist Diego Rivera (then mem.
cent. com. Communist Party of Mexico),
Prof. Wm. Pickens, James Maxton of Eng-
land, with various Negro and Asiatic Com-
munist leaders from all parts of the world
were photographed and featured as mem-
bers of the League presidium and leaders
of the Leagues' Anti-Imperialist World
Congress held at Frankfort-on-Main, July
20, 1929, by the Communist organ "Illus-
trierte Arbeiter Zeitung" (of Berlin)
(reproduced also in Hartley's "T.N.T.").
The World Congress against War (Am-
sterdam 1932), U.S. Congress against War,
Student Congress against War (see) and
their various off-shoots Anti-War Com-
mittees, etc., etc., are controlled by the
League Against Imperialism and its various
leaders. See its Intl., American and Chi-
cago Committees for Struggle Against War,
Hands Off Committees, Mexican Propa-
ALL WORLD GANDHI FELLOWSHIP
Headed, since 1929, as president, by John
Haynes Holmes; a radical pacifist organ-
ization upholding "pacifist" Gandhi, whose
agitations resulting in strikes, murder and
violence, are so useful to Moscow; closely
related to the Threefold Movement Union
of East and West, League of Neighbors
and Fellowship of Faiths (see) ; sponsors
"Fellowship Center," opened 1933 as a
"House of Retreat" for pacifists under the
management of Wm. H. Bridge, at Crow
Hill Road, near Mt. Kisco, New York.
Of New York and Chicago, operated by
the Amalgamated Cloth. Workers Unions;
agents for Soviet American Securities
Corp., which sells bonds of the Soviet
WORKERS OF AMERICA
Amalg. Cloth. Wkrs. of Am.
A pro-Soviet labor union of about
100,000 members organized, according to
Jane Addams' book, at Hull House; "Like
all other subversive organizations its tac-
tics are those of the class struggle. Its
ultimate object is to take possession of the
industry. It has gained control of the
clothing industry in the State of N.Y. and
in many other of the industrial centers"
(Lusk Report) ; formed by Socialist dele-
gates, excluded because of extreme radical-
ism from the A.F. of L. United Garment
Workers Union convention Oct. 1914, who
then constituted themselves a separate
organization under Sidney Hillman, using
the same name until legal action by the
United Garment Workers forced them to
choose a new name, Dec. 1914; formed
Russian-American Industrial Corp. to aid
and finance clothing industry in Russia;
celebrate the Communist Labor Day May
1 (A.F. of L.'s is in Sept.) ; predominantly
Jewish; anti-American during the war;
closely affiliated with Amalg. Textile Wkrs.
and Intl. Ladies Garm. Wkrs.; official
organ "Advance." Hdqts. address: Jos.
Schlossberg, 11 Union Square, N.Y. (See
Intl. Ladies Garment Wkrs.) ; joined with
A.F. of L. 1933.
WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
A Communist labor union; part of
WORKERS OF AMERICA
Amalg. Textile Wkrs.
"An industrial union under the domi-
nation of the Socialist Party and having
a revolutionary objective is the Amalg.
Textile Wkrs. of Am. This organization is
an outgrowth of the Lawrence, Mass, strike
in 1919, which was promoted and assisted
by the Amalg. Cloth. Wkrs. of Am. The
relationship therefore ... is very close . . .
the principal agent sent there for that pur-
pose was Paul Blanshard" (pp. 947, 951,
Lusk Report) . "Wm. Z. Foster attended the
first Congress of the Red Trade Union
Intl., at Moscow, in June 1921, as a repre-
sentative of the Amalg. Textile Wkrs. of
Am." (Whitney's "Reds in Am.")
Official Soviet shipping agency; trans-
port agents of Amtorg.
Organized by 4A; Mr. Recht, who
attended to the papers of incorporation,
was the legal representative of the Soviet
Govt. in this country (see N.Y. Herald-
Tribune, Aug. 3, 1927); officers: pres.,
James I. Elliott; vice pres., O. H. Bailey;
nat. sec., Wm. S. Bryan. It announces:
"The object of the Am. Anti-Bible Soc. is
to discredit the Bible. The budget for the
first year calls for $83,000. Headquarters
for Anti-Biblical Literature: If it's against
the Bible we have it. Catalogue free on
request"; 119 East 14th St., N.Y.C.
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR
ADVANCEMENT OF ATHEISM (4A)
"The Fool hath said in his heart, There
is no God." But the 4A, whose slogan is
"Kill the Beast" (religion), says: "To Hell
with compromise The 4A is here to ensure
a complete job in the wrecking of religion.
. . . Killing the Beast is rough work and
those who are afraid of its claws might at
least keep quiet. We shall ignore their wail-
ings. We offer no apology for our tactics.
We sneer and jeer at religion and shall con-
tinue doing so until it is laughed out of
existence. . . . The supernatural does not
exist. There is no God. Religion deserves
no more respect than a pile of garbage.
It must be destroyed."
Beneath this article on "Tactics" in the
1929 Official Report of the 4A, appears
the picture of the misguided youth, then
national secretary of the Junior Atheist
League of the 4 A, who has now returned
to Christianity^Albert Dehner Bell. He
tells me how he was drawn into Atheism
and Communism by propagandists planted
in the very Seminary in which he was
studying for the ministry.
A severe automobile accident which
brought him to death's door and long
semi-consciousness seemed also to bring to
him the guilty consciousness of what he
From Mar. 1929 to July 1931, he served
as nat. sec. of the Junior Atheist League
of the 4A, at the same time acting as N.Y.
sec. of the Young Communist League
under his Communist Party name (his
own spelled backwards) of L. R. Trebla.
During that time, he met many "Christian"
ministers and others on the friendly terms
of fellow opponents of Christ. ( !) His
note book, kept to jot down the affiliations
of office callers and correspondents, con-
tains names which if published with proof
should blow the lid off of certain Church
organizations. He was shocked even before
his conversion, he says, when a high official
of the Federal Council of Churches (now
serving openly on a communistic com-
mittee) came in to his office and gave
him, as secretary, a $50 donation for atheist
He tells me that the 4A while main-
taining its public offices and Atheist Book
Store at 307 E. 14th St., N.Y.C., also
maintains six floors of offices with unlet-
tered doors at 347 Madison Ave.; that it
has about 3,000 actual members, about
500,000 contributors, and had an income
of $2,200,000 in 1931, its official report of
around $15,000 being the accounting only
of its New York funds, as required of New
York corporations. The 4A was incor-
porated in New York in 1925.
The Red Network
In conjunction with the World Union of
Atheists, which it helped to form at Mos-
cow 1931, it maintains atheist missionaries
in various countries. The official 4A Re-
ports say: "New Years day 1927 was sig-
nalized by the sailing of our first foreign
representative. On that day Mr. Edwin
Bergstrom, who had organized a branch
in British Columbia, left New York to
spread the 4 A message in Sweden. A dele-
gation was at the pier to see him off."
The work of Chen Tsai Ting, 365 Hennessy
Road, Hong Kong, and of Felix Borbon,
director of the Spanish division, is also
commented upon. The 1928 Report says:
"We have established the Confederacion
Americana del Ateismo with hdqts. in
Mexico City. Nanni Leone Costelli, a man
of extraordinary ability, already has done
much in advancing Atheism. He is now
organizing branches in all Central and
South American countries. His address is
Apartado Postal 1065, Mexico D. F., Mex-
ico." . . . "We are pleased to have as a
member Prof. Alphonse A. Herrera of
Mexico City, director of Biological Studies
of the Republic of Mexico and in charge
of the National Museum. He has under
his supervision a chimpanzee nearly old
enough to be utilized in a hybridization
experiment." (With a human, being).
Elsewhere in the same Report: "To
demonstrate the truth of Evolution and
particularly to prove the kinship of man
and ape a fund has been started to hybrid-
ize the two by artificial fecundation. Mr.
Geo. T. Smith has opened the fund with
a $100 contribution."
These official Reports point with pride
to the formation of many "Damned Souls
Societies," "Liberal clubs," "Truth Seekers
Societies," in high schools and colleges all
over the U.S. The 1928 Report says its
first "Damned Souls Society" was organized
at Rochester University (N.Y.). The
Junior Atheist League for high school stu-
dents was established with many branches
in 1927-8. The 4A divides the United
States into areas. Each area has a director
who is supposed to organize nuclei in
schools of his area. The photo of Robert
Conine, of Tulsa, appears in the 1930 re-
port, for example, as director of the Fifth
Elated reports are made of the formation
also of such sex and blasphemy societies
as: the Thespian Society, an actors' guild,
"to offset the Actors' Guild, a Catholic
society"; Church Taxation League: "We
must either tax ecclesiastical possessions or
confiscate them"; Conception Control So-
ciety, to "Conduct an aggressive propa-
ganda for the repeal of Section 211 of the
U.S. Penal Code and similar laws in 24
States. . . . The next great battle will be
for the elimination of venereal disease and
greater sex freedom of which the Church
has been and is the greatest enemy. . . .
Free prophylactic stations should be main-
tained in every city. Scientific sex instruc-
tion should be given in every high school.
There is ample room for another organ-
ization opposed to ecclesiastical bigotry
The Feb. 1928 Report stated: "The
greatest achievement of the year was the
founding in August by the officers of the
Assn., together with other leading anti-
religionists, of the American Anti-Bible
Society. This new organization . . . has
made a good beginning, and under the
leadership of Tennessee's Grand Old Man,
Wm. S. Bryan, historian and humorist,
should soon make a laughing stock of the
Christian fetish book, causing people to
smile whenever it is named."; "Atheist
Training School: The national office has
established in New York a training school
with meetings for the present once a week.
Young men and women and boys and
girls are given practise in public speaking
. . . "; "Foreign Language Groups have
been organized among the non-English
speaking groups, such as the Russian,
Lithuanian, Bohemian, which hold regular
Virtually all branches conduct Forums,
say the Reports; one at Communist Party
hdqts. (see Red Army), 224 S. Spring St.,
Los A., Cal., having held meetings since
1925. One of the best known of the Inger-
soll Forums is in New York, "meeting in
Pythian Temple (70th St., East of Broad-
way) Sunday evenings the year round";
"The Atheist Society of Chicago under the
direction of Mr. James E. Even ran two
weekly forums during the past season."
(One at Communist Party local hdqts.,
357 W. Chicago Ave.) "Regular meetings
(Open Air) were held almost every week-
day evening along Broadway (N.Y.) with
a battery of speakers including Messrs.
Smith, Teller, Bedborough, Murphy, Blan-
chet, Wright, Mieler, Portal, Goldberg,
Kewish, Goldsmith, Sklaroff, Peiser and
others." (May 1932 Report).
Phonograph records of parodies on
hymns, atheist words to the tune of the
International, etc. are made for the 4A