Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Dilling.

The red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots online

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trouble in the cases both at Marion and

The N.Y. State Lusk Report says: "The
American Civil Liberties Union, in the last
analysis, is a supporter of all subversive
movements; its propaganda is detrimental
to the State. It attempts not only to pro-
tect crime but to encourage attacks upon
our institutions in every form." To this
indictment, based upon barrels of incon-
testable documentary proof, the A.C.L.U.
leaders blithely answer: "O! the Lusk
Report is discredited" (by the A.C.L.U.).
Asked for proof, they have and offer none.
Financed by the Red Garland Fund, the
Reds campaigned while patriots slept and
secured the repeal of the N.Y. State Crimi-
nal Syndicalism Law which had been spon-
sored by the Lusk Committee and since
that repeal N.Y. has become one of the
great centers of World revolutionary activ-
ity. South American Communist work is
controlled from N.Y. Meetings of 22,000
Reds are held in N.Y. City nowadays.

The U.S. Committee appointed by the
71st Congress to investigate Communist
Propaganda, headed by Hon. Hamilton
Fish, officially reported Jan. 1931: "The
A.C.L.U. is closely affiliated with the com-
munist movement in the United States,
and fully 90% of its efforts are on behalf
of communists who have come into conflict
with the law. It claims to stand for free
speech, free press, and free assembly; but
it is quite apparent that the main func-
tion of the A.C.L.U. is to attempt to pro-
tect the communists in their advocacy of
force and violence to overthrow the gov-
ernment, replacing the American flag by
a red flag and erecting a Soviet Govern-
ment in place of the republican form of
government guaranteed to each State by
the Federal Constitution."

"Roger N. Baldwin, its guiding spirit,
makes no attempt to hide his friendship

Organizations, Etc.


for the communists and their principles. He
was formerly a member of the I.W.W. and
served a term in prison as a draft dodger
during the war. This is the same Roger N.
Baldwin that has recently issued a state-
ment 'that in the next session of Congress
our job is to organize the opposition to
the recommendations of the Congressional
Committee investigating communism.' In
his testimony before the Committee he ad-
mitted having said at a dinner in Chicago
that 'the Fish Committee recommendations
will be buried in the Senate.' " (And they
have been, and are!)

"Testifying on force and violence, mur-
der, etc. the following is quoted: The
chairman: Does your organization uphold
the right of a citizen or alien it does not
make any difference which to advocate
murder? Mr. Baldwin: Yes. The Chair-
man: Or Assassination ? Mr. Baldwin:
Yes. The Chairman: Does your organ-
ization uphold the right of an American
citizen to advocate force and violence for
the overthrow of the Government? Mr.
Baldwin: Certainly; in so far as mere
advocacy is concerned. The Chairman:
Does it uphold the right of an alien in
this country to urge the overthrow and
advocate the overthrow of the Govern-
ment by force and violence? Mr. Baldwin:
Precisely on the same basis as any citizen.
The Chairman: You do uphold the right
of an alien to advocate the overthrow of
the Government by force and violence:
Mr. Baldwin: Sure; certainly. It is the
healthiest kind of thing, of course, for a
country to have free speech unlimited."

Both Communist and Socialist Party
platforms stand for this same unlimited
"free speech" (for Reds) and so it seems
very picayunish, to say the least, that
Maynard C. Krueger, member of the So-
cialist Party executive committee, should be
suing, as is now reported, the Chicago
Tribune for calling him a "jackass" and
that the A.C.L.U. should be suing Mr.
Jung of the American Vigilant Intelligence
Federation for calling one A.C.L.U. mem-
ber, Karl Borders (see Who's Who), a
"propagandist of the Bolshevik murder
regime" and John Haynes Holmes, another
A.C.L.U. member, an "exponent of free
love." If I believed the Constitution guar-
anteed unlimited free speech to everyone
to advocate force, violence and assassi-
nation I would certainly not be so fussy
as to sue anyone for using his Consti-
tutional right to call me a mere "propa-
gandist" or an "exponent" of an idea.
Instead I would be flattered that he had

not advocated boiling me in oil, cutting
my throat, or assassinating me. Of course,
every organization hews to its own line.
Perhaps if those whom the A.C.L.U. sues
would fall into line and advocate assassi-
nating the A.C.L.U. and its members in
cold blood, the A.C.L.U. would feel more
sympathetic and be impelled itself to
defend them (?). This would be an intri-
guing and novel experiment for patriotic
Americans who, ordinarily, consider murder
and its advocacy a little out of their line.
What possible interest could such Mos-
cow-directed Communists as Wm. Z. Foster,
Robt. W. Dunn, Scott Nearing, Anna
Rochester, etc., etc. (who help direct the
A.C.L.U.), have in merely promoting free
speech for everyone, since their chosen
career is to work for a Soviet United
States barring free speech? The A.C.L.U.
nicely explains this fight for "free speech"
in its 1929-30 Annual Report, p. 5: "Our
services are essential for whatever degree
of tolerance we can achieve, and will be
until a political and economic opposition
arises strong enough to defend its own
rights. . . . These early months of 1930
have produced a larger crop of court cases"
(for the A.C.L.U. to defend) "involving
civil liberty than any entire year since the
war. This is due to the wave of suppres-
sion by officials of the militant activities
of the Communist Party and left-wing
strikes." In other words, under the guise
of free speech, etc., by means of legal
battles, revolutionary Communism-Social-
ism must be defended until it gains power,
and the large crop of A.C.L.U. cases was
due to defense of Communist militant
activities. "Minorites" is also a favorite
A.C.L.U. term for revolutionaries.

One need not accept the conclusions of
the U.S. Fish Report, N.Y. State Lusk
Report, Better America Federation, or
other expert reports concerning the A.C.
L.U. One who carefully reads the daily
newspapers or who reads the Communist
press may gain constant evidence of A.C.
L.U. activities in support of the Red move-

Doubting Thomases should read for
themselves the official yearly Reports of
the A.C.L.U. Since a 40-60 page pamphlet
is required each year to report merely the
outstanding cases handled by the A.C.L.U.
and its branches in the United States, it is
obvious that only a smattering of these
can be given in this article. Each Report
might easily have a volume written about


The Red Net-work

its cases. Each case aids some phase of
the Red program, while 90% are out-and-
out Communist-defense cases. Patriotism
is always sneered at by the A.C.L.U.; hence
the 1931-32 Report is sarcastically entitled
"Sweet Land of Liberty." To quote
from it:

"Among the professional patriots, the
American Legion and the D.A.R. stood out
as the most active inciters against pacifists
and radicals." . . . "Local patriots continue
to function, often to our annoyance. In
Chicago the Vigilant Intelligence Federation
continually prods the authorities to bring
proceedings against Communists and sym-
pathizers, but with much less open and
reckless charges since libel suits were lodged
against its secretary by John Haynes
Holmes and Karl Borders" (filed by A.C.
L.U. against H. A. Jung).

"The professional patriots were particu-
larly active in attacking in Congress the
bill to admit alisn pacifists to citizenship
and in pushing the bill for deportation of
Communists as such. . . . John W. Davis
of N.Y., former Ambassador to Great
Britain, who served as Prof. Macintosh's
personal counsel and who appeared before
the Senate Committee to argue for a change
in the law, was attacked by these organ-
izations as unpatriotic, along with the other
spokesmen at the hearing Bishop Francis
J. McConnell of the Federal Council of
Churches, Rabbi Edward L. Israel of Balti-
more, and the Rev. Richard A. McGowan
of the National Catholic Welfare Con-

"Conflict between Communists, sym-
pathizers, and the Philippine government
continued, with prosecutions for sedition
etc. The Civil Liberties Union has
endeavored to aid at long distance and has
lodged protests with the War Dept. at
Washington and with the Philippine Govt.
A representative of the Union in the Philip-
pines, Willard S. Palmer, aids in cooperation
with Vincente Sotto of Manila, Attorney
for the Communists and their sympath-
izers." Under "New Loans made 1931," is
listed: to "Philippine representatives of
Civil Liberties Union for defense of
sedition cases $500," and under "Expendi-
tures": "For defense of sedition cases in
Philippines $571.50." (Good practical sup-
port of "civil liberties," that!)

Concerning these "civil liberties," a 1932
New York Times dispatch (reprinted in
Chgo. Tribune), headed "Rioting Spreads
in Philippines; Revolt Feared Manila,
P.I., May 19," said: "Unrest, rioting and
the threat of a Communistic uprising in the

northern Luzon provinces took a more
serious turn today when Secretary of the
Interior Honoris Ventura ordered provincial
constabulary commanders at Bulacan, Pam-
panaga and Nueva Ecija to report instantly
at Manila to check the threatened danger
in which arson and a general revolt is
threatened. Fourteen Communists, con-
victed of Manila sedition, free on appeal
and assisted by the American Civil Liberties
Union, are declared to be leading general
agitation in Nueva Ecija which has already
resulted in destruction of property of those
refusing to join the movement. ..." etc.

Perhaps the newly appointed Gov. of the
Philippines, Ex-Mayor Murphy of Detroit,
the Roosevelt appointee, will establish an-
other record for non-interference with com-
munists' "civil liberties" and relieve the
A.C.L.U. of its tasks. The A.C.L.U. Re-
port (p. 41) eulogizes Murphy saying: "A
break in the year's record of Detroit under
Mayor Frank Murphy's administration in
no police violence against street meetings
occurred in November while the Mayor was
out of the city. Police attacked a Com-
munist meeting at a point where they had
been accustomed to assemble, but for which
permits had been refused. Protests of the
committee resulted in an order by the
Mayor changing the system from permits
to mere notification to the police, except
at a few designated points."

The A.C.L.U. cooperates with the 4 A
and Freethinker Atheist societies in their
attacks on religion. The destruction of
religion is an objective of Socialism-Com-
munism. Supposed ministers of Christ who
serve on the A.C.L.U. boards must be un-
decided as to which master they are serving.
No minister could convince me that he can
both be yoked together with atheist Com-
munists and aid in filing suits for atheists
and atheist Communists and be serving
Jesus Christ. The letter of Joseph Lewis,
the self-styled "Enemy of God," threaten-
ing suit to stop Bible reading in N.Y.
public schools appears in this book under
"Freethinkers of America." The A.C.L.U.
Report, p. 34, says: "An attempt to stop
Bible reading in the public pchools through
a suit in court was lost in N.Y. City when
the Freethinkers of America raised the
constitutionality of a charter provision of
New York City." (which permits Bible
reading in schools) . "The Civil Liberties
Union supported the suit. The Court of
appeals upheld the provision. A directly
contrary provision in the constitution of
the State of Washington prohibiting the
reading of the Bible in the schools was sus-

Organizations, Etc.


tained by the State Supreme Court and
review was refused by the U.S. Supreme
Court" (a triumph for the Atheists).

The Atheist 4A Report of 1932 states
that seven atheists in the New Jersey
Levine case who refused to take an oath,
since they deny the existence of God, were
barred from testifying, and that the 4A
and A.C.L.U. were sharing costs of an
appeal. The A.C.L.U. Report under
"Expenditures" lists: "Appeal in test case
New Jersey on rights of atheists as wit-
nesses $206.35."

The Atheist 4 A Report for 1927-8
(p. 11) said: "Last spring Meyer Konin-
kow and Meyer Applebaum members of
the Society of the Godless, the Greater N.Y.
branch of the Junior Atheist League, wrote
Miss Christine Walker, Nat. Sec. of the
League, asking for her assistance in free-
ing them from compulsory attendance at
Bible reading in the high school assembly. . .
Harold S. Campbell, Supt. of High Schools,
refused to excuse Applebaum and on his
remaining away expelled him. But a threat
of Court action with the aid of the Amer-
ican Civil Liberties Union recalled the
school officials to their senses . . . they rein-
stated young Applebaum. The victory
reestablished a valuable precedent."

The A.C.L.U. promised to send Arthur
Garfield Hays to Little Rock, Ark., to
fight against Arkansas anti-Atheist laws,
says the 4A April 1929 Report. Also when
the contract for use of the Huntington,
West Va., auditorium for an Atheist lecture
by Chas. Smith, Pres. of 4A, was cancelled,
the A.C.L.U. wired protests, according to
the 4A 1927-8 Report. "A Court Victory
for Atheists" is the heading of the account
in the 4A 1931-2 Report of the case won
Mar. 23, 1932, "argued by Mr. Albert E.
Kane of 381 Madison Ave., a rising young
New York lawyer . . . who represented the
American Civil Liberties Union" (Chas.
Smith, Pres. of the 4 A, had been arrested
for conducting Atheist street meetings with-
out a permit). To quote: "As a result of
our reopening the streets for Atheist propa-
ganda numerous free lance speakers began
holding anti-religious meetings of their
own all over the city. This spread of Athe-
ism caused the city authorities to attempt
to suppress it by one of the most absurd
prosecutions ever instituted." The A.C.L.U.
Report also jubilates and lists under the
heading of its "Gains": "6. Decision of
Court of Appeals in New York that athe-
ists' street meetings are not religious gath-
erings within the meaning of the law and
require no permit."

In suits like this, as a 4 A Report said
of a similar contest, "Not Mr. Smith, but
Atheism is on trial." The A.C.L.U. rejoices
and "Gains" when Atheism wins, evidently.
Concerning violent Red revolutionary
agitation in the Kentucky Coal fields, the
A.CJL.U. Repart says (p. 26) : "The Civil
Liberties Union early in the struggle in
1931, raised money and aided the defense
committees both of the I.W.W. and the
International Labor Defense" (Communist).
"The Civil Liberties Union sent into this
district in July, 1931, Arnold Johnson, a
Union Theological student, who after a few
weeks of activity was arrested and held
under bail on a charge of criminal syndical-
ism." "The Union also took charge of a
proposed damage suit by Tom Connors,
I.W.W. organizer, against the sheriff of
Harlan County. . . . Finally when repeated
efforts to establish civil rights in the area
had failed the Civil Liberties Union under-
took a mission of its own. A party headed
by our general counsel, Arthur Garfield
Hays, announced its intention to go into
Bell and Harlan Counties. The prosecuting
attorney of Bell County at once countered
with threats of violence to the party. The
Union thereupon sought an injunction in
the federal court in Ky. to restrain violence
to the party. ... He denied the injunction,
warned the party to stay out and held that
Bell and Harlan Counties had a right to be
'protected from free speech.' The Union
has taken an appeal. The party made an
effort to go into Bell County, but was
blocked by force at the boundary. Mr.
Hays, returning to the seat of the Federal
court, sued the county officials for dam-
ages" (Atty. Smith of Bell County chal-
lenged the A.C.L.U., calling it an egotistical
atheistic communistic menace, to dare
spread their propaganda in Bell County.
He said Bell Co. had as much right to
be protected from Communism as it had
from a mad dog. The A.C.L.U. so far has
not dared pass him!).

(p. 19) "The Civil Liberties Union works
on the Mooney-Billings case from our
office, and particularly this year through
attorney Aaron Shapiro . . . spending some
$1500 more than the A.C.L.U. raised
toward his expenses" (for freeing the
AnrtrrMct-Communist dynamiter Mooney).
Jubilantly the A.C.L.U. lists as "Gain's":
"The parole of two of the remaining six
men in Centralia, Wash., I.W.W. case"
(convicted of murdering six Legionnaires in
an Armistice Day parade). Says the A.C.
L.U.: "The State Board of Parole is evi-
dently slowly releasing the men one by one


The Red Network

in order not to arouse political opposition
from the American Legion" (Harry Ward
and Bishop McConnell, of both Federal
Council of Churches and A.C.L.U., have
long kept up a campaign for the release of
these Reds).

(p. 16) "The chief campaign in Congress
revolved around bills aimed at aliens backed
by the professional patriots. The fight cen-
tered on registering aliens, on deporting
Communists as such, and on the admission
of alien pacifists to citizenship. The Civil
Liberties Union mobilized its forces against
the proposal to register aliens and to deport
Communists as such, enlisting the support
of well-known men and women through-
out the country in opposition to both
proposals. Neither has passed." (True
enough. And where the alien registration
law did pass, in Michigan, the newly-
elected Atty. Gen. O'Brien, an A.C.L.U.
atty., immediately aided in nullifying it.)

The case of "Twenty-seven Communists
arrested at Bridgman, Mich, on criminal
syndicalism charges, and still awaiting
trial" is listed under "Defense Cases Await-
ing Trial in the Courts" (Atty. Gen.
O'Brien after his election called these cases
and aided in having them dismissed. About
$100,000 in bond money which had been
held by the State was thus released for the
use of the Communist Party.) (See Bridg-
man Raid.)

The A.C.L.U. lists in its Report as
"Issues Pending June 1932": its "Appeal
from order upholding indictments against
six Communist organizers in Atlanta,
Georgia on charges of 'incitement to insur-
rection' and 'distributing insurrectionary
literature.'" (See "Nat. Com. for Defense
of So. Political Prisoners," formed to defend
them) ; its "Argument in the U.S. Supreme
Court against the conviction of seven
Negro boys at Scottsboro, Alabama"
(Case being handled largely by the com-
munist I.L.D. and used as Communist
propaganda to incite Negroes against Amer-
ican "justice" and government) ; its
"Appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court to
review the deportation order against Edith
Berkman, National Textile Workers Union
organizer" (a most virulent Communist
organizer of a Communist union) ; its
"Appeal from the conviction for sedition
at Media, Pa. of two young Communists
for a speech hi the 1931 election campaign";
its "Appeal from decision of Common
Pleas Judge Wanamaker holding Ohio
criminal syndicalism law constitutional
in case of Paul Kassey." (This Hungarian
Communist was caught, and admitted

sabotaging the U.S. airship Akron. He was
declared liable under the criminal syndical-
ism law, which the Ohio Supreme Court
later upheld, but in the meantime by some
unknown means and unknown influence
Kassey was not prosecuted and secured a
passport and skipped the country in the
Spring of 1933.)

Among A.C.L.U. "Defense Cases Await-
ing Trial in the Courts" listed are: "Twenty
Philadelphia May Day demonstrators
charged with inciting to riot, assault and
battery, parading without permit, etc."
(May Day, the Reds' labor day in cele-
bration of the anarchists' Haymarket Riot,
is a day of Communist violence.)

"Kentucky coal miners and sympathizers
for 'conspiracy to murder,' 'criminal
syndicalism' and other charges." (Com-
munists I.W.W.'s.)

"Fifty-eight charged with riot and inciting
to riot at Melrose Park, May 6th, 1932."
(Communist riot called and advertised by
the I.L.D. and carried out in defiance of
the police. When the Reds attacked, the
police shot several in the legs. The Chi-
cago A.C.L.U. is also suing Melrose Park
for injuring these Communists. The police
undoubtedly did make a mistake in shoot-
ing the Reds in the legs.)

"Two members of the Young Commu-
nist League, arrested in July, 1931 on
sedition charges for distributing literature
at Fort Logan military camp" (trying to
make Red traitors of our soldiers).

"Seven Communists indicted in Franklin
County, 111. for criminal syndicalism in
connection with coal strike activities."

"Three Communists held for 'inciting
to riot' at a demonstration at New York
City Hall in April."

"Two I.W.W.'s arrested in Ohio, June,
1931, for criminal syndicalism for distribut-
ing literature."

Under "Damage Suits Handled Through
the A.C.L.U." listed are: "Against the
village of Melrose Park, 111. in behalf of
nine persons shot by police on May 6th at
a meeting."; "In behalf of Paul Brown,
representative of the Unemployed Council"
(Communist) "and his friend John Kaspar,
against Chief of Police Cornelius J. O'Neill
. . . "; "In behalf of Russian Workers
Cooperative Association in Chicago. ..."
(16 suits listed.)

Activities in behalf of "Political Pris-
oners" listed include: "Campaign for par-
don of Tom Mooney and Warren K.
Billings" (Anarchist-Communist dynamit-
ers) ; "Parole of the four remaining Cen-
tralia I.W.W. prisoners" (murderers of 6

Organizations, Etc.


Legionnaires) ; "Pardon application for
Israel Lazar, also known as t>ill Lawrence,
sentenced to two to four years under the
Pennsylvania sedition act"; "Pardon appli-
cations for two Pennsylvania prisoners
serving two-year sentences for 'inciting to
riot' at Wildwood in the 1931 coal strike";
"Parole instead of deportation for Carl
Sklar, Russian-born, and voluntary depar-
ture to Russia for Tsuji Horiuchi, Imperial
Valley, Calif, prisoners whose terms expire
July 1932." (Sklar was a convicted Com-
munist revolutionary agitator. A Japanese
Communist deported to Japan would be
jailed; hence the A.C.L.U. request for his
"voluntary departure to Russia").

Exultantly, the A.C.L.U. lists under its
"Gains" for the year:

"Decision . . . permitting Tao Hsuan Li,
Chinese Communist, and Guido Serio, anti-
Fascist Communist, to go to Soviet Russia
instead of to certain death or imprisonment
in their home lands. Eduardo Machado,
slated for deportation to Spain, also was
granted voluntary departure to Russia."

"Ruling of U.S. Judge Woolsey that Dr.
Marie C. Stopes book 'Contraception,' is
moral and can legally be imported ... the
first book on specific birth control infor-
mation admitted since 1890. The Courts
overruled the Customs Bureau in admitting
it. It cannot however be sent by mail."

"The acquittal of Communists held in
East St. Louis, arrested for meeting in pri-
vate house, and the establishment of the
right to hold Communist meetings with-
out interference."

"Final discharge of ten Communists held
in Portland a year under the Oregon crimi-
nal syndicalism law."

"Frank Spector freed from prison, his
conviction in Imperial Valley, Calif., strike
criminal syndicalism case having been
reversed." (Communist organizer.)

"Defeat of bills sponsored by the D.A.R.
in Mass, and Minn, for special oaths of
loyalty by school teachers." (Reds do not
wish to take an oath of loyalty to this

"Alabama Syndicalism bill designed to
outlaw Communists rejected in Committee."
(A "Gain" indeed for the Reds.)

"Decision of New Jersey Vice Chan-
cellor upholding rights of Communists to
utter views." (No Red movement without
Red propaganda is possible.)

"Release of Theodore Luesse, Commu-
nist, confined on an Indiana prison farm
in default of $500 fine, for Unemployed
Council activities."

"Refusal of U.S. Supreme Court to re-

view a case from Washington in which
Bible reading in public schools was sought
to be established." (No Bible reading, say
the Reds.)

The A.C.L.U. lists among its "Setbacks":
"The violent police attacks on street
demonstrations, Communist-led, before
offices of the Japanese government in Chi-
cago and Washington," but does not men-
tion the fact that the only real violence
in the Chicago Japanese consulate riot was
the shooting by a Communist of thr ,e
policemen merely performing their ducy
in dispersing a Red army of rioters. The
Reds were bent on violence against Japan-

Online LibraryElizabeth Kirkpatrick DillingThe red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots → online text (page 16 of 59)