ese officials in protest against Japan's war
on Communist China. Banners were car-
ried saying "Defend the Chinese Revolu-
tion," "Down with Japanese Imperialism,"
etc. Three policemen were seriously
wounded by Communist "Chuck," who was
given only two years in prison for this.
I met one of the policemen recently who
is still under treatment as the result of
three vicious wounds inflicted by this Com-
munist. The A.C.L.U. boasts that it has
Chicago Police Chief Allman behaving
nicely and considerately toward the Reds
nowadays, so much so that some police-
men are wondering which pays the best:
to be the Red who smashes in Relief Sta-
tions and yells for Red revolution and is
treated as an innocent martyr by "leading
Chicagoans" of the A.C.L.U. Committee,
or to be the Police defender of law and
order and be cut with razor blades, have
red pepper thrown in one's eyes, have one's
word discounted at Court, be sued for
"roughness" to Communists by the A.C.
L.U., and be shot by Reds, without receiv-
ing thanks and without appropriate pun-
ishment being given the Reds. No protest
committee ever waits on Chief Allman
when the Reds fracture a policeman's skull,
as they do frequently.
The legislative program of the A.C.L.U.
is stated as:
"1. To enact in each state a model anti-
injunction bill along the lines of the new
federal bill." (Sponsored by the A.C.L.U.
It gives Red strikers freedom to make
"2. In New York State to repeal the
moving picture censorship, the theatre pad-
lock law" (allowing padlocking of a
theatre for showing obscene plays), "to
take away special police powers from the
Vice Society" (why repress vice?), "and
in Massachusetts to set aside free speech
areas in public parks; to take away from
The Red Network
Boston officials the power of censorship
over meetings in private halls and over
theatres." (Then Red, atheist and obscene
affairs in parks and theatres could not be
"3. In Pennsylvania, to repeal sedition
act" (against Reds), "to take police out of
strikes, to abolish the coal and iron police
and to force the incorporation of company
towns." (This would put Red strikers in
"Among other issues tackled by the Chi-
cago Committee were the barring of minor"
(Communist, etc.) "political parties from
the ballot in Illinois, compulsory military
training at the State University ..." etc.
(Weakening national defense is a Red
Significant indeed is the Report of the
A.C.L.U. "Bail Fund" and "Expenditures."
To quote: "Bonds amounting to $29,050
were cancelled in 22 cases, 18 of which
involved Communist defendants, and 4
I.W.W.'s . . . Bail bonds amounting to
$16,750 are still outstanding. $13,000 of
these are placed on six defendants in the
Atlanta, Ga. insurrection case. Of the 12
persons now bonded, 8 are Communists,
2 are members of the I.W.W. and 2 are
independent of any affiliation."
"Expenditures for the ordinary oper-
ations of the Union were $25,300, against
$24,808 the year previous."
"Special Fund expenditures totaled
$23,300. . . . $15,589 went to carrying the
expenditures in excess of receipts of the
three auxiliary organizations created by
the Union, the National Mooney '-Billings
Committee, the National Committee on
Labor Injunctions, and the National Coun-
cil on Freedom from Censorship. The
remainder of the special funds outside of
the specific grants from the American
Fund for Public Service" (Garland Fund)
"went into court cases."
Under "Loans" are listed: to "General
Defense Committee $500" (I.W.W.); to
"International Labor Defense, national
office $1518.30, Philadelphia office $450,
Boston office $50." (Communist.)
"Expenditures" for: "Cases of Ky.
Miners and sympathizers, defense in court
$1269.55." (Communists and I.W.W.'s) ;
"Toward expenses of appeal to U.S.
Supreme Court conviction of Yetta Strom-
berg in the California anti-red flag law
$263.25." (The leader of a Communist
camp for children teaching sedition, athe-
ism, etc., was convicted of displaying the
Red flag) ; "Defense of National Miners
Union members, West Va. $250." (Commu-
nist union) ; "Court costs, deportation case
against Guido Serio $526.95." (Commu-
nist) ; "Suit against Glendale, Cal. police
and American Legion $100" (for breaking
up a Red Socialist's meeting) ; "For appeal
from convictions of two Communist girl
leaders at a Children's summer camp, Van
Etten, N.Y. $71.35"; etc., etc., etc.
Concerning its branches the A.C.L.U.
Report states that:
"In Pennsylvania, the work is organized
on a state-wide basis with headquarters at
Harrisburg, in charge of Allan G. Harper,
state secretary, and local committees at
Philadelphia, Pittsburg, and other centers.
The committee tackles repression on many
fronts by legislative act, public and pri-
vate police and by local officials . . . The
Committee won pardons for two men
serving five-year sentences under the sedi-
tion act. Other sedition convictions in
which men are serving sentences will be
taken before the board," etc.
"In Seattle a local Civil Liberties Com-
mittee was formed in 1931 with Edward E.
Henry as secretary, and has since been
active in efforts to get downtown meeting
places and permits to parade for Commu-
nist-led organizations . . . The Committee
has participated in defense of deportation
cases; . . . and has taken part in the
movement to abolish compulsory military
training at the state university."
"In Cincinnati the local committee with
Mrs. Mary D. Brite as secretary took
part in the protest against the expulsion of
Prof. Herbert A. Miller from the state
university" (for radicalism) "and later had
him as speaker at a meeting; has backed
repeal of the criminal syndicalism law, and
aided in obtaining dismissal of cases brought
in Cincinnati under that law. A protest
meeting against treatment of" (Commu-
nist) "Kentucky coal miners was held. The
attitude of the present City Manager of
Cincinnati toward public meetings by
radicals is such that no issue has arisen
during the present year." (Nice man!)
"A small committee was formed in
Wash., D.C. to aid in work with Congress
and the departments as occasion demands."
"The Union continues to prepare a page
for the monthly issues of the Arbitrator,
published by Wm. Floyd, thus reaching a
large number outside the Union's member-
ship." (Wm. Floyd is one of the gentle
"pacifists" who decry violence so earnestly
that they oppose all national defense for
WHAT THE BETTER AMERICA FEDERATION
SAYS OF THE A.C.L.U.
Among the numerous Red pamphlets and
publications put out by the A.C.L.U. is
"Professional Patriots," edited by Norman
Hapgood. Its distribution was reported as
A.C.L.U. "Work in Hand" for 1927, and
the Communist Daily Worker published
it serially as good Communist propaganda.
It took the customary shots at all who
dare criticize its activities giving particular
mention to the Better America Federation,
which is responsible for the enactment and
retention of the California Criminal Syn-
dicalism Law, in spite of the frantic and
united efforts of the A.C.L.U., I.W.W. and
Communist and Socialist Parties to repeal
it. The Better America Federation came
right back with a published reply which
is a classic. Reading it gives one the desire
to yell "Hurrah for you!" and throw a
hat into the air. To quote:
"The B.A.F. is pleased to say this:
"The American Civil Liberties Union is
the 'respectable front' in the United States
of America for the organized forces of
revolution, lawlessness, sabotage, and mur-
der. It is so recognized and acknowledged
by these forces. It numbers among its
board of control not only the Moscow-
appointed chief of the American Branch of
the Communist International, but also an
assortment of Socialists, Defeatists, and
"It was spawned to give aid and comfort
to the enemies of this Republic.
"Its first organized movement was that
of encouraging the youth of the United
States to defy their country's laws.
"Its consistent policy is one of breeding
hatred and suspicion and hostility toward
this country in the minds of all it can
"It consistently preaches the doctrine
proven false in the Supreme Court of the
United States and many state Courts,
namely, that inciting to crime is not a
"Its literature and its representatives are
characterized by flagrant dishonesty, men-
dacity, and categorical lies.
"It spends each year more money for
its program of moral and civic sabotage
than the entire stipends of those it evilly
dubs 'professionals patriots.'
"It has been in bad odor with many
governmental and educational agencies in
this Republic from its birth.
"It is the god-mother of slackerism, the
chum of Socialism, the tried and true friend
of the I.W.W. , the helpful hand-maiden of
Communism, and the attorney-in-fact for
obscenity, criminal syndicalism, and anar-
"It has a 100% record of aiding persons
and movements about whose character,
lawful practices, and statutory patriotism
there have been grave official doubts.
"It has never caused a single human
being's heart to turn toward the love or
even the decent respect for this Republic;
on the contrary, it has been from the
beginning, is today, and blatantly promises
to continue to be a breeder of disaffection
and a protector of revolutionary move-
ments aimed at the life of this Republic.
"And it is an enemy many fold more
detestable than any we have fought in
any war; for those foes were proud to
wear a uniform and to die in open battle
for their flags; while the American Civil
Liberties Union is a rascally, skulking foe,
operating under a camouflage, and mar-
shalling the lewdest fellows of the basest
sort to secret sapping of the foundations
of this Republic.
"The Better America Federation will be
proud to be a 'Professional Patriot,' and
will continue, in company with its many
allies, to fight the American Civil Liberties
Union organization, program, and person-
nel Clergymen, Communists, Bishops,
Slackers, Revolutionaries, I.W.W.'s, and
FORMATION OF A.C.L.U.
AMERICAN LEAGUE TO LIMIT ARMAMENTS
Says the Lusk Report (p. 1077): "To
compel American neutrality and to still
the growing demand for military prepa-
ration by the United States, it became
necessary for German propagandists to
stimulate pacifist sentiment in this coun-
try. . . . Among the active organizers of
the American League to Limit Armaments
will be found the names of many who were
at the same time active in the movement
directed by Louis Lochner in Chicago,
under the name of the Emergency Peace
Federation. Among them are: Jane
Addams, Rev. John Haynes Holmes, David
Starr Jordan, Dr Jacques Loeb, Dr. George
W. Nasmyth, George Foster Peabody,
Oswald Garrison Villard, Morris Hillquit,
Hamilton Holt, Elsie Clews Parsons,
Lillian D. Wald, Stephen S. Wise, and L.
Hollingsworth Wood, secretary." . . .
AMERICAN UNION AGAINST MILITARISM
"In the early part of 1915 the members
of the executive committee of this league
The Red Network
felt that its scope was not wide enough
and, therefore, the anti-preparedness com-
mittee was formed, which later became the
American Union Against Militarism with
hdqts. at 70 Fifth Ave., New York"
(which in May 1917 carried on a vigorous
Anti-Conscription Campaign in conjunc-
tion with the Socialist Party, Woman's
Peace Party, Emergency Peace Federation) ;
CIVIL LIBERTIES BUREAU
"The passage of the draft act, after our
entry into the war caused the American
Union Against Militarism to increase its
activities. It immediately undertook to
assist all persons desiring to avoid the
draft, and to protect all persons from so-
called 'infringement of Civil liberties,'
opening branch offices under the name of
the Civil Liberties Bureau, both in Wash-
ington and New York, for this purpose." . . .
"Since both the conscription and espion-
age bills were soon passed by Congress it
was not very long before the American
Union Against Militarism virtually with-
drew leaving the field in the hands of its
branch offices" (the Civil Liberties
'Though the ostensible object of the
Civil Liberties Bureau was to protect free
speech and civil liberties during war times,
an exhaustive examination of its files shows
. . . some of the real objects were: 1. En-
couraging naturally timid boys and dis-
contents to register as conscientious objec-
tors. 2. To assist any radical movement
calculated to obstruct the prosecution of
the war, as evidenced by the bureau's
activities in collecting funds for the I.W.W.
and 'Masses' defense. 3. Issuing propa-
ganda literature ... to influence public
sympathy toward the I.W.W., conscientious
objectors and radical organizations. 4. To
discourage in every possible way any con-
scientious objector from doing his military
duty in the war; and pointing out to
mothers and friends the means employed
by others to escape military service. 5. To
furnish attorneys for conscientious objectors
and persons prosecuted for violation of the
Espionage act. ... 6. 'Boring from within'
in churches, religious organizations, wo-
men's clubs, American Federation of Labor,
etc., in order to spread radical ideas. ... 7.
Working towards an after-the-war pro-
gram, usually referred to as 'a democratic
program of constructive peace.' "
"A full list of the officers and executive
committees of the Civil Liberties Bureau
was as follows:
Lillian D. Wald, chmn.; Amos Pinchot, vice-
chmn.; L. Hollingsworth Wood, treas.; Crystal
Eastman, exec, sec.; Chas. T. Hallinan, edtl. dir.
Executive Committee: Roger Baldwin, director of
Civil Liberties Bureau; Jane Addams, A. A. Berle,
Frank Bohn, Wm. F. Cochran, John Lovejoy
Elliott, John Haynes Holmes, Paul U. Kellogg,
Alice Lewisohn, Frederick Lynch, James H.
Maurer, Scott Nearing, Oswald Garrison Viilard,
Emily Greene Balch, Herbert S. Bigelow (of Cin-
cinnati), Sophonisba P. Breckenridge, Max East-
man, Zona Gale, David Starr Jordan, Agnes Brown
Leach, Owen R. Lovejoy, John A. McSparran,
Henry R. Mussey, Norman M. Thomas, James P.
Warbasse, and Stephen S. Wise."
NATIONAL CIVIL LIBERTIES BUREAU
"In October 1917 the Civil Liberties
Bureau enlarged both its offices and scope
under the name of National Civil Liberties
Bureau. The Am. Union against Militarism
in announcing this separate establishment
enclosed significantly a reprint of the Rus-
sian Council of Workmen's and Soldiers'
Delegates' peace terms" (the Soviets of
Roger Baldwin, director of the enlarged
organization was soon convicted under the
Selective Service Act and sent to prison.
While he had said in his letter to Socialist
Lochner concerning the infamous People's
Council: "We want to look like patriots
in everything we do. We want to get a
good lot of flags, talk a good deal about
the Constitution and what our forefathers
wanted to make of this country, and to
show that we are really the folks that
really stand for the spirit of our institu-
tions," he was in reality a "philisophical
anarchist," according to the sworn testi-
mony of his friend Norman Thomas dur-
ing his trial, and a radical to the bone. He
said (quoted from leaflet issued by his
friends, Nov. 1918): "The Non-Partisan
League, radical labor and the Socialist
Party hold the germs of a new social order.
Their protest is my protest" (against the
AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION
After Baldwin's conviction, the National
Civil Liberties Bureau continued its activ-
ities, and in March 1920 changed its name
to its present one American Civil Liber-
ties Union, with the following list of
Harry F. Ward, chmn.; Duncan McDonald,
111., and Jeannette Rankin of Montana, vice chair-
men; Helen Phelps Stokes, treas.; Albert de Silver
and Roger N. Baldwin, directors; Walter Nelles,
counsel; Lucille B. Lowenstein, field secretary;
Louis F. Budenz, publicity director; National
Committee, Jane Addams; Herbert S. Bigelow;
Sophonisba P. Breckenridge, Robt. M. Buck,
Chgo. ; John S. Codman, Boston; Lincoln Col-
cord, Wash., B.C.; James H. Dillard; Crystal
Eastman; John Lovejoy Elliott; Edmund C. Evans
and Edward W. Evans, Phila. Pa.; Wm. M.
Fincke, Katonah, N.Y.; John A. Fitch, N.Y. City;
Eliz. Gurley Flynn; Felix Frankfurter, Harvard
U.; Wm. Z. Foster; Paul J. Furnas, N.Y. City;
Zona Gale; A. B. Gilbert, St. Paul, Minn.; Arthur
Garfield Hays; Morris Hillquit; John Haynes
Holmes; Frederic C. Howe; James Weldon John-
son; Helen Keller, Forest Hills, L.I.; Harold J.
Laski, Cambridge, Mass, (now England); Agnes
Brown Leach; Arthur LeSueur; Henry R. Lin-
ville; Robt. Morss Lovett; Allen McCurdy;
Grenville S. MacFarland, Boston; Oscar Maddaus,
Manhasset, L.I.; Judah L. Magnes; James H.
Maurer; A. J. Muste; Geo. W. Nasmyth; Scott
Nearing; Julia O'Connor; Wm. H. Pickens; Wm.
Marion Reedy, St. Louis; John Nevin Sayre; Rose
Schneidermann ; Vida D. Scudder; Norman M.
Thomas; Oswald G. Villard; L. Hollingsworth
Wood; Geo. P. West, Oakland, Cal.
A.C.L.U. DIRECTORS AND BRANCHES 1932
To quote the 1932 Report: "The National
Committee which controls the Union's
general policies now numbers 69. Former
Federal Judge Geo. W. Anderson of Boston
was added to the committee during the
year. The committee suffered the loss by
death of Dr. David Starr Jordan for many
years a vice chairman of the Union; Julia
C. Lathrop of Rockford, 111. and A. M.
Todd of Kalamazoo, Mich. Former U.S.
Senator Thos. W. Hardwick of Georgia
resigned because of a difference with the
policies outlined in our pamphlet 'Black
Justice.' Anna Rochester" (Communist)
"resigned from the National Committee,
but remains on the board of directors; Jos.
Schlossberg, Dr. Henry R. Linville and
Hubert C. Herring resigned from the board
of directors but remain on the National
"The Board of Directors, meeting weekly,
in active charge of the union's affairs, is
now composed of:
Dr. Harry Elmer Barnes, Robt. W. Dunn"
(Communist), "Morris L. Ernst, Walter Frank,
Arthur Garfield Hays, Rev. John Haynes Holmes,
Ben W. Huebsch, Dorothy Kenyon, Corliss Lament,
William L. Nunn, Frank L. Palmer, Amos R.
Pinchot, Eliot Pratt, Roger William Riis, Anna
Rochester" (Communist), "Rev. Wm. B. Spof-
ford, Dr. Harry F. Ward, and the executive staff:
Forrest Bailey, Roger Baldwin and Lucille B.
Milner. The officers ar unchanged. Dr. Ward
has been absent abroad on his sabbatical year"
(spent in Soviet Russia) "and his place taken
by John Haynes Holmes as Acting Chairman."
(Wm. Z. Foster's and Scott Nearing's
names disappeared from the letterhead in
1931. They became possibly too conspic-
uous. Jane Addams, after 10 years of
service on the nat. com., removed hers
also at this time. She had been repeatedly
attacked for this connection.)
A.C.L.U. National Officers 1932:
Chmn., Harry F. Ward; Vice Chmn.: Helen
Phelps Stokes, James H. Maurer, Fremont Older;
Treas., B. W. Huebsch; Directors: Roger N.
Baldwin, Forrest Bailey; Counsel: Arthur Garfield
Hays, Morris L. Ernst; Research Sec., Lucille B.
Milner; Washington Counsel. Edmund D. Camp-
National Committee 1932:
Chas. F. Amidon, Geo. W. Anderson, Harry
Elmer Barnes, Herbert S. Bigelow, Edwin M.
Borchard, Richard C. Cabot, John S. Codman,
Clarence Darrow, John Dewey, James H. Dillard,
Robt. W. Dunn, Sherwood Eddy, Eliz. Glendower
Evans, John F. Finerty, Eliz. Gurley Flynn,
Walter Frank, Felix Frankfurter, Ernst Freund,
Kate Crane Gartz, Norman Hapg9od, Powers Hap-
good, Hubert C. Herring, Morris Hillquit, John
Haynes Holmes, Frederic C. Howe, James Weldon
Johnson, Geo. W. Kirchwey, John A. Lapp, Agnes
Brown Leach, Arthur LeSueur, Henry R. Lin-
ville, Robt. Morss Lovett, Mary E. McDowell,
Anne Martin, Alexander Meiklejohn, Henry R.
Mussey, A. J. Muste, Walter Nelles, Wm. L.
Nunn, Julia S. O'Connor Parker, Wm. Pickens,
Amos Pinchot, Jeannette Rankin, Edw. A. Ross,
Elbert Russell, Father John A. Ryan, John Nevin
Sayre, Wm. Scarlett, Jos. Schlossberg, Vida D.
Scudder, Abba Hillel Silver, John F. Sinclair, Clar-
ence R. Skinner, Norman M. Thomas, Edw. D.
Tittmann, Millie R. Trumbull, Wm. S. U'Ren,
Oswald Garrison Villard, B. Charney Vladeck,
David Wallerstein, Geo. P. West, Peter Witt, L.
Local Committee Officers 1932:
Cincinnati Branch, 845 Dayton St., Cincinnati;
Dr. W. O. Brown, chmn.; Mary D. Brite, sec.
Detroit Branch, 1976 Atkinson St., Detroit;
Walter M. Nelson, chmn.; Fannie Ziff, sec.
Maryland Civil Liberties Committee, Inc., 513
Park Ave., Baltimore; Dr. A. 0. Lovejoy, chmn.;
Eliz. Gilman, sec.
Massachusetts Civil Liberties Committee, 1241
Little Bldg., Boston; John S. Codman, chmn.;
David K. Niles, sec.
New York City Committee, 100 Fifth Ave., N.Y.
City; Dorothy Kenyon, chmn.; Eliz. G. Coit, sec.
Pennsylvania Civil Liberties Committee, 219
Walnut St., Harrisburg; Rev. Philip David Book-
staber, chmn.; Allan G. Harper, sec.
Philadelphia Civil Liberties Committee, 318 S.
Juniper St., Phila.; J. Prentice Murphy, chmn.;
Ada H. Funke, sec.
Pittsburg Civil Liberties Committee, 1835
Center Ave., Pitts.; Ralph S. Boots, chmn.; Sid-
ney A. Teller, sec.
Seattle Branch, 515 Lyons Bldg., Seattle; H. E.
Foster, chmn.; Edward E. Henry, sec.
Southern Calif ornia Branch, 1022 California
Bldg., Los A.; John Beardsley, chmn.; Clinton J.
St. Louis Branch, 3117 Osage St., St. Louis;
Dr. Albert E. Taussig, chmn.; Richard C. Bland,
Wisconsin Civil Liberties Committee, Univ. of
Wis., Madison; Wm. G. Rice, chmn.; W. Ellison
Chicago Civil Liberties Committee, Room
611, 160 N. La Salle St., Chicago (Office
of Carl Haessler, Federated Press and Chgo.
Com. for Struggle Against War) ; pres.,
Arthur Fisher; vice pres., Wm. H. Holly;
treas., Duane Swift; exec, sec., Thomas
122 The Red Network
AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION
100 FFTH AVENUE NEW YORK CTTY
fcarch 23, 1932,
To our Washington friends; -
May we ask you to make an effort to attend a hearing
to "be held this Saturday^ morning at 10:30 in Room 450, Senate
Office BldgT' on Se na t or CuftTn g s till to adroit alie n pz~~c i f i s t s
to~"citiz6nship without promising to bear arras? The hearing is
"before a sub-committee of the Judiciary Committee composed of
Senators David A. Reed of Pennsylvania, chairman; Marcue A,
Coolidge of Massachusetts and Roscoe C. Patterson of Missouri,
a not too hopeful group.
This hearing is solely for the opponents of the
measure. We had our field-day yesterday, and according to re-
ports, it was a highly effective presentation of the case for
the bill. John W. Davis, counsel for Prof. Macintosh, led off,
followed by Bishop McConnell, president of the Federal Council
of Churches, Father McGowan of the National Catholic Welfare
Conference, Rabbi Israel of the Central Conference of Arasrican
Rabbis and Francis Taylor of the Society of Friends. The com-
mittee room was crowded with numbers of "patriotic" societies
who had gotten wind of the hearing > although we had done our
best to keep if quiet so tha??e would not be the high-tension
emotional atmosphere which marked the Griffin bill hearings.
Apparently there is no escape frora that conflict at hearings.
We are therefore asking all cur friends to be out in force on
Saturday morning to hear what the "patriots" have to say. 1
A good turnout will help offset them. We trust you
will make an effort to be present.
Facsimile of A.C.L.U. letter urging support of a Bill to admit alien pacifists to citizenship without
promise to bear arms (sponsored by Senator Cutt-ng of the Senate radical bloc). Any measure which
will weaken the power of a capitalist government to defend itself receives radical support Note the bit
about offsetting the patriots. Signed by Roger Baldwin (see this "Who s Who ).
The officers and Helen Ascher, Margaret B.
Bennett, Jessie F. Binford, Karl Borders, Ray-
mond B. Bragg, Herbert J. Friedman, Charles W.
Gilkey, Lloyd H. Lehman, Robt. Morss Lovett,
Curtis W. Reese, Wm. E. Rodriguez.
Frederick Babcock, Melbourne P. Boynton,
Percy H. Boynton, Sophonisba P. Breckenridge,
Horace J. Bridges, A. J. Carlson, Eliz. Christman,
Clarence Darrow, Samuel Dauchy, Wm. E. Dodd,
Paul H. Douglas, Margaret Furness, Carl Haessler,
Alice Hamilton, Florence Curtis Hanson, A.
Eustace Haydon, Lillian Herstein, Paul Hutchin-