son, A. L. Jackson, Esther L. Kohn, John A.
Lapp, Harold D. Lasswell, Frederic W. Leighton,
Clyde McGee, Louis L. Mann, Mrs. G. M.
Mathes, Wiley W. Mills, Catherine Waugh
McCulloch, Fred Atkins Moore, R. Lester Mon-
dale, Chas. Clayton Morrison, Robt. Park, Fer-
dinand Schevill, Chas. P. Schwartz, Amelia Sears,
Mary Rozet Smith, T. V. Smith, Clarence Starr,
Ernest Fremont Tittle, Arthur J. Todd, Edward
M. Winston, James M. Yard, Victor S. Yarros.
Claims about 2000 members.
Committees and Auxiliary Organizations
Committee on Academic Freedom; Prof. Wm.
H. Kilpatrick, chmn.; Forrest Bailey, sec.
Committee on Indian Civil Rights; Nathan
Margold, chmn.; Robt. Gessner, sec.
National Committee on Labor Injunctions;
Former U.S. Judge Chas. F. Amidon, chmn.; Dr.
Alexander Fleisher,. sec.
National Council on Freedom from Censorship
(see); Prof. Hatcher Hughes, chmn.; Gordon W.
National Mooney-Billings Committee (see) ;
Henry T. Hunt, chmn.; Roger N. Baldwin, sec.
AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR
AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR FAIR
PLAY TO CHINA
AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR
JUSTICE TO CHINA
These committees were organized, when
the Communists were in control of the
National Party of China, in order to pre-
vent U.S. intervention in behalf of Amer-
ican citizens and property in jeopardy
there. See "Hands Off Committees."
AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR
STRUGGLE AGAINST WAR
See under "Intl., American, and Chi-
cago Committees for Struggle Against War,"
also "World Congress Against War."
AMERICAN COMMITTEE ON
INFORMATION ABOUT RUSSIA
Am. Com. on Inf. About Russia.
A group spreading pro-Soviet propa-
ganda; formed 1928 with hdqts. Room
709, 166 W. Washington St., Chicago.
Chmn., John A. Lapp; sec.-treas., Lillian Her-
stein; Jane Addams, A. Barton (of Machinists
Union 492), Prof. Paul H. Douglas, Carl Haessler,
Felix Hauzl (Bus. Agt. Woodcarvers Assn.), Mary
McDowell, Peter Jensen (Chmn. System Fed-
eration 130), Hyman Schneid (pres. Amalg. Cloth.
Wkrs. 111.), Wm. H. Holly, Prof. Robt. Morss
Lovett, Thos. A. Allinson (father of Brent Dow),
Ray Korner (sec. Boilermakers Union 626), Ed.
Nelson (sec.-treas. Painters Union 194), J.
Schnessler (Photo Engravers Union 5), John Wer-
lik (sec. Metal Polishers Union 6).
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR
A.F. of L.
Up to this time the A.F. of L. has been
a bitter disappointment to Moscow, which
long ago expected to take it over. Con-
tinuously, however, the warfare of "boring
from within" to bring the A.F. of L. under
Communist control goes on. Wm. Z. Foster
and Robt. W. Dunn were long ago
expelled; other Communists are from time
to time expelled and licenses of Locals "go-
ing Red" are revoked. Many A.F. of L.
leaders deserve unstinted praise for their
pro-American efforts against Red domi-
nation. Certain A.F. of L. unions are
under Red control, however, others are
well penetrated and influenced, and in
practically every "united front" Commu-
nist activity, A.F. of L. Locals and repre-
sentatives participate. It is to be hoped
the Red element will not eventually gain
control. Lillian Herstein of the radical Am.
Fed. of Tchrs., an A.F. of L. affiliate, who
is a Socialist and a member of two Com-
munist subsidiary organizations, serves on
the executive board of the Chicago F. of L.
of which John Fitzpatrick of the red Chgo.
Com. for Struggle Against War is president.
Victor Olander, Illinois F. of L. executive,
made a most bitter speech against the
Baker Bills (to curb teaching of sedition
and overthrow of the Govt. in Illinois
schools and colleges), quoting Hapgood's
"Professional Patriots," etc., at a public
hearing in Springfield, May 1933, yet say-
ing he was opposed to Communists. Press
reports concerning the proposed union of
the radical "outlaw" Amalgamated Cloth-
ing Workers with the A.F. of L. stated
that this movement indicated an increasing
"liberalization" of A.F. of L. policy. The
Communist Daily Worker Sept. 6, 1933
contained a message from Earl Browder
(sec. Communist Party) in which he said:
"Now, more than ever, it is necessary to
seriously build up our forces inside the
A.F. of L. There is still the remnants in
all districts of the old mistaken idea that
we cannot both build the militant unions
of the T.U.U.L. and at the same time the
The Red Network
left wing opposition inside the A.F. of L.
More attention than ever must be given
to this problem." (Emphasis in original.)
A.F. OF L. COMMITTEE FOR
Full name is the "A.F. of L. Trade Union
Committee for Unemployment Insurance
and Relief"; hdqts., 799 Broadway, Room
336, N.Y.C. (Communist hdqts.). A Com-
munist movement in the A.F. of L. for
the purpose of disruption; "organized in
N.Y. City on Jan. 27, 1932 at a Con-
ference representing 19 A.F. of L. Unions";
headed by Communist Harry Weinstock
expelled by the A.F. of L. Painters Union,
N.Y.C., Feb. 1933, for Communist mem-
bership, assisted by Walter Frank, a Minne-
apolis Communist ; endorsed heartily in let-
ter from Tom Mooney published by this
committee; barred by order of Wm. Green
from participation in A.F. of L. Conven-
tion at Wash., B.C., Oct. 4, 1933.
Am. Fed. Tchrs.
Radical; stands for abolition of R.O.
T.C.; recognition of Russia; full "academic
freedom" to teach anything, including
Socialism, Communism or Atheism; closely
allied to A.C.L.U.; received financial aid
from the Garland Fund, which gives only
to radical agencies; monthly organ "The
American Teacher"; pres., Henry R. Lin-
ville, N.Y.; sec.-treas., Florence Curtis
AMERICAN FRIENDS SERVICE
Am. Friends Serv. Com.
A Quaker relief organization; part of
the War Resisters International Council of
international anti-militarist organizations
having their first meetings in Holland,
linked together "working for the super-
session of capitalism and imperialism by
the establishment of a new social and inter-
national order" (see W.R. Intl. Coun.) ;
cooperates with L.I.D., Fell. Recon., Y.M.
C.A. and Y.W.C.A. in recruiting students
to "investigate industry" and in holding
conferences featuring radical pacifist, so-
cialistic speakers; conducted an Institute
at N.U., Evanston, June 1932, with hdqts.
also at Tittle's M.E. Church; Herbert A.
Miller, Tucker P. Smith, Kirby Page, Harry
D. Gideonse, Louis L. Mann and E. F.
Tittle were Institute faculty members; see
connections of Robt. W. Dunn, Karl
Borders, Paul Douglas, W. K. Thomas, and
Institute faculty members in "Who's Who";
National Office: 20 S. 12th St., Phila., Pa.;
Midwest hdqts.: Room 902, 203 S. Dear-
born St., Chgo., 111.
AMERICAN FUND FOR PUBLIC
See under Garland Fund.
AMERICAN LABOR YEAR BOOK
Published yearly by the Rand School
Press, 7 E. 15th St., N.Y.C., formerly
financed by the Garland Fund; reports
activities of radical organizations.
AMERICAN LEAGUE AGAINST
WAR AND FASCISM
Formed by the communist U.S. Con-
gress Against War and endorsing the
Manifesto of the World Congress Against
War at Amsterdam. The Daily Worker,
Nov. 13, 1933, says of its N.Y. demon-
stration: "Along Broadway, along River-
side Drive, through the heart of the 'silk
stocking' district, the demonstrators par-
aded carrying the banners of their organ-
izations, shouting 'Down with Imperialist
War, Down with Fascism.' At the Monu-
ment speakers of the participating organ-
izations . . . emphasized the need for mili-
tantly protesting the war provocations
against Soviet Russia, the workers' father-
land. They urged that the workers and
students 'become traitors to the ruling
class of their own country and refuse to
fight to protect their profits.' The organ-
izations participating were: National Stu-
dent Lg., Lg. of Struggle for Negro Rights,
Young Communist Lg., Wkrs. Ex-Service
Men's Lg., War Resisters Lg., Conference
for Progressive Labor Action, Labor Sports
Union, I.W.O., Youth Section of T.U.
U.C. and the I.L.D." (All but the two
italicized are openly Communist organ-
izations.) Monthly organ "Fight against
war and fascism."
Chmn., J. B. Matthews; Vice Chmn: William
Pickens and Earl Browder; Sec., Donald Hender-
son; Asst. Sec., Ida Dailes; Treas., Annie E.
Gray; Asst. Treas., Edythe Levine.
(Note the cooperation of "peace" leaders
and exponents of bloody Red revolution.)
AMERICAN LEAGUE TO LIMIT
See under A.C.L.U., section on "for-
AMERICAN LITHUANIAN WORKERS
A Communist subsidiary (U.S. Report
AMERICAN NEGRO LABOR
Official Communist Negro subsidiary
organized in Chicago, Oct. 1925; name
changed at the American Negro Labor
Congress at St. Louis, Nov. 16, 1930, to
its present title "League of Struggle for
AMERICAN NEUTRAL CONFERENCE
See "Emergency Peace Federation."
AMERICAN NEWSPAPER GUILD
For newspaper writers; organized by
Heywood Broun (see "Who's Who"),
Sept. 1933, aided by Morris Ernst and
other radicals; demands 5-day week NRA
Atheistic; Dr. Percy Ward, pres. 1926;
Chgo. society, founded by M. Mangasarian,
changed name to Chgo. Humanist Society,
Jan. 12, 1934 (Burdette Backus leader
For aiding American-Russian trade; agi-
tated recognition of U.S.S.R.; sponsor of
American-Russian Institute ; cooperates
with the Soviet Union Information Bureau ;
now preparing a Handbook of the Soviet
Union, in Russia, to be published by the
John Day Co. of the U.S.A.; pres. Hugh
AMERICAN RUSSIAN INSTITUTE
Of New York; affiliate of the American
Russian Chamber of Commerce and A.S.
C.R.R.; sponsors exhibits of Russian goods,
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR
A Communist subsidiary (U.S. Report
2290) ; the American affiliate of the Russian
V.O.K.S. (Bureau of Cultural Relations
between U.S.S.R. and Foreign Countries),
operating in several countries and very
active in England; formed to break down
antipathy toward the Soviet government;
the "Nation" announced Jan. 14, 1925:
"The establishment of closer cultural rela-
tions between the United States and the
Soviet Union is the mission of Mr. Roman
Weller of Moscow who has just arrived
in this country as representative of the
Bureau of Cultural Relations established
in Moscow about a year ago"; the N.Y.
Herald Tribune, April 24, 1927, reported:
"With the announced intention of bring-
ing together Americans who are interested
in Russian life and contemporary culture
the A.S.C.R.R. was formed yesterday. The
first meeting will be at the administration
building of the Henry Street Settlement"
(of Lillian Wald) "on Wednesday evening.
The speakers will be Leopold Stokowski,
Robt. J. Flaherty, Lee Simonson, Graham
Taylor and Elizabeth Farrell. Mrs. Norman
Hapgood will preside. The Society is
planning many activities including lectures
by Russian scientists. A Russian exhibit
is also being arranged ... the Society will
have a permanent program of work which
will include the collection and diffusion in
the U.S. of developments in science, edu-
cation (etc.) . . . and an exchange of
students and professors as well as scientists,
artists and scholars as 'a practical way of
promoting cultural relations between the
two countries' is contemplated." In 1929
President, William Allan Neilson (of Smith
College); Vice-Presidents : John Dewey, Leopold
Stokowski, Stephen P. Duggan, Floyd Dell, Lillian
D. Wald; Treasurer, Allen Wardwell; Secretary,
Lucy Branham; Chairman Executive Committee,
Graham R. Taylor; Directors: Thos. L. Cotton,
Jerome Davis, Ernestine Evans, Mrs. Norman Hap-
good, Arthur Garfield Hays, Horace Liveright,
Underhill Moore, Ernest M. Patterson, James N.
Rosenberg, Lee Simonson, Edgar Varese, and the
officers; Advisory Council: Jane Addams, Carl
Alsberg, Franz Boas, Phillips Bradley, Stuart
Chase, Haven Emerson, Zona Gale, Frank Colder,
Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, David Starr Jordan,
Alexander Kaun, Susan Kingsbury, Julia Lathrop,
Eva Le Gallienne, Howard Scott Liddell, E. C.
Lindeman, Jacob G. Lipman, Robert Littell, H.
Adolphus Miller, Walter W. Pettit, Boardman
Robinson, Clarence S. Stein, Lucy Textor, Wilbur
K. Thomas, Harry Ward, William Allen White,
and Lucy Wilson. Others listed in the various
committees are: Joseph Achron, Sergei Radamsky,
Kurt Schindler, Joseph Freeman, Oliver Sayler,
Kurt Richter, Benj. M. Anderson, Jr., Gamaliel
Bradford, Dorothy Brewster, Louise Fargo Brown,
V. F. Calverton, Kate Holladay Claghorn, George
A. Dorsey, W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, Edward
Meade Earle, Haven Emerson, John Erskine, John
Farrar, Harry Hansen, Sidney Howard, Horace M.
Kallen, Joseph Wood Krutch, Joshua Kunitz, Fola
LaFollette, Sinclair Lewis, Alain Locke, Robt. H.
Lowie, Eugene Lyons, Chas. E. Merriam, Wesley
C. Mitchell, Raymond Pearl, Walter W. Pettit,
James Harvey Robinson, Mrs. K. N. Rosen, Edwin
R. A. Seligman, Clarence Stein, Walter Stewart,
The Red Network
Louis Untermyer, Carl Van Doren, Mark Van
Doren, Hendrik Willem Van Loon, Robert Woolfe,
Stark Young, and Rosalind A. Zoglin. The Chi-
cago branch: Chairman, Paul H. Douglas; Direc-
tors: Jane Addams, Clarence Darrow, Henry J.
Freyn, Chas. E. Merriam; Executive Committee:
Karl Borders, Chairman, Wm. Burton, Arthur
Fisher, Lillian Herstein, Agnes Jacques, Stewart
Leonard, A. D. Noe, Fred L. Schuman, Arvid B.
Tanner; Treasurer, S. Jesmer. Chicago Hdqts.
(1933), 38 S. Dearborn St., Room 765.
Monthly organ of the American Fed-
eration of Teachers; Florence Curtis Han-
son, Executive Editor; Advisory Editorial
Board: Henry R. Linville; Chas. B. Still-
man, Chgo.; A. D. Sheffield, Wellesley
College; Ruth Gillette Hardy, N.Y.; Selma
M. Borchardt, Washington; Mary C.
Barker, Atlanta; Lucie W. Allen, Chgo.;
Editorial office, 506 S. Wabash Ave.,
Chgo.>; features radical articles and upholds
the principles of its organization (See "Am.
Fed. of Tchrs.").
AMERICAN WORKERS PARTY
New name for A. J. Muste's Conf. for
Prog. Lab. Action (see) 1933; a militant
revolutionary party adhering neither to
Second or Third International.
American representative of Sovkino, the
Soviet government motion picture dis-
Official book distributing agency of
Soviet State Publishing House; N.Y. City.
AMNESTY COMMITTEE OF PEOPLES
See "People's Freedom Union."
AMTORG TRADING CO.
The official Soviet government trading
organization in the U.S.; sister organization
of Arcos, Ltd., of England, which was
raided in 1927 by British authorities and
proven to be the headquarters and branch
of the Communist International in England.
ANARCHISM AND ANARCHIST-
Many anarchist groups (such as the
Nihilists of Russia) might be described
and their differences shown, but the first
important anarchist movement in the U.S.,
which established several newspapers
("The Anarchist" at Boston, "The Arbeiter-
Zeitung" at Chicago, and the "Voice of
the People" at St. Louis), in 1883 at Pitts-
burg, issued, through twenty representa-
tives, the following program: "(1) De-
struction of the existing class rule by all
means, i.e., energetic, relentless, revolution-
ary and international action. (2) Estab-
lishment of a free society, based upon co-
operative organization of production. (3)
Free exchange of equivalent products by
and between productive organizations,
without commerce and profit-mongering.
(4) Organization of education on a secular,
scientific and equal basis for both sexes.
(5) Equal rights for all, without distinc-
tion of sex or race. (6) Regulation of all
public affairs by free contacts between the
autonomous (independent) communes and
associations, resting on a federalistic basis."
This, together with an appeal to workmen
to organize, was published in Chicago
(1883) by the local committee, among
whom was August Spies, later convicted
and executed for murder in connection
with the anarchist Haymarket Riot of
1886. His widow spoke and was honored
with a standing ovation at the Communist
Mooney meeting May 1, 1933, at the Chi-
cago Stadium. Anarchism has many points
in common with the Socialist and Syndi-
calist programs, as is shown in the above
Anarchist Manifesto. Subsequent Amer-
ican groups led by Emma Goldman and
Alexander Berkman called their movement
Anarchist-Communism (Lusk Report).
Their official organs were "Mother Earth,"
"The Blast" (of Tom Mooney), and
"Freedom." In the March IS, 1919 issue
of "Freedom," Emma Goldman defined as
follows: "Anarchist-Communism Volun-
tary economic cooperation of all towards
the needs of each. A social arrangement
based on the principle: To each according
to his needs; from each according to his
The Garland Fund donated to the
anarchist Ferrer School at Stelton, N.J.,
founded by Leonard D. Abbott, a N.Y.
City branch of which was organized by
Emma Goldman and Berkman. The Ferrer
Assn. and Colony of about 300 houses was
located at Stelton, but had branches in
many parts of the country. The Ferrer
Assn. was created as a memorial to the
Spanish anarchist Francesco Ferrer, who
was executed by his government. Harry
Kelley was one of the trustees of the asso-
ciation and colony at Stelton, and editor
(as he still is) of the Freedom magazine,
published formerly at 133 E. 15th St.,
N.Y., the same place which housed the
Union of Russian Workers, another anar-
chist association. The June 1, 1920 issue
of Freedom praised the Liberator, Rebel
Worker, Revolutionary Age, the Dial,
World Tomorrow, Nation, New Republic,
Survey, etc., saying: "These publications
are doing excellent work in their several
ways, and with much of that work we
find ourselves in hearty agreement. They
are, however, either liberal in. the best
sense of the word, Bolshevik or Socialist,
and we are none of these, even if we look
with a kindly eye on all of them. We are
Anarchists, because we see in the State the
enemy of liberty and human progress; and
we are Communists, because we conceive
Communism as the most rational and just
economic theory yet proposed ... As
Anarchists we seek the abolition of the
State or organized government, and would
substitute for it a society founded upon
the principles of voluntary association and
free Communism. The Left Wing Social-
ists now advocate the same thing. So our
differences are merely in the tactics pur-
Emma Goldman in her essay "Anar-
chism," on page 59, said: "Religion, the
dominion of the human mind; Property,
the dominion of human needs; and Gov-
ernment, the dominion of human conduct,
represent the stronghold" of man's enslave-
ment and all the horrors it entails"; and
on page 134: "Indeed conceit, arrogance
and egotism are the essentials of patriot-
In her essay "Marriage and Love," she
says, on page 242: "Love, the freest, the
most powerful molder of human destiny;
how can such an all-compelling force be
synonomous with that poor little state
and church-begotten weed, marriage?"; on
page 72: "Direct action, having proven
effective along economic lines is equally
potent in the environment of the individual
* . . Direct action against the authority
in the shop, direct action against the
authority of the law, direct action against
the invasive meddlesome authority of our
moral code" (she herself writes of the
many men with whom she had intimate
relations in her book "Living My Life")
"is the logical, consistent method of Anar-
chism. Will it lead to a revolution? Indeed
it will. No real social change has ever
come without a revolution. People are
either not familiar with their history, or
they have not yet learned that revolution
is but thought carried into action."
Acts of violence, such as her amour
Berkman's stabbing and shooting of Frick,
the steel magnate, as a protest against
capitalism, are called "attentats" by Emma
Goldman and her followers and are revered
as heroic deeds in behalf of the "class
The Lusk Report cites an intercepted
telegram of March 2, 1918 addressed to
Leon Trotsky, Smolny Institute, Petro-
grad, from Leonard Abbott for the Ferrer
Association, as follows: "Ferrer Asso-
ciation is with you to the death. Are form-
ing Red Guards to help you defend the
Revolution"; and another cablegram sent
the same date by M. Eleanor Fitzgerald
to Wm. Shatoff, Smolny Institute, Petro-
grad: "Mother Earth groups with our
lives and our last cent are with you in
your fight"; Lincoln Steffens was another
of this group who sent a cablegram to
Russia (March 4, 1918) with Louise
Bryant, formerly wife of Communist John
Reed and until recently wife of Wm. C.
Bullitt, a radical who in 1919 was accom-
panied on an official mission to Russia by
Lincoln Steffens. Bullitt has been chief
advisor of the U.S. State Dept. by appoint-
ment of Pres. Roosevelt and is now
Ambassador to Bolshevik Russia (1934).
The Bryant-Steffens cablegram, addressed
to Lenin and Trotsky, Smolny Institute,
Petrograd, said: "Important you designate
unofficial representative here who can sur-
vey situation, weigh facts and cable con-
clusions you might accept and act upon.
Will undertake secure means of com-
munication between such man and your-
self." (Evidently Bullitt was the man.)
The Lusk Report (p. 860) says of Anar-
chist-Communism: "the interesting feature
of this movement is the similarity of its
methods and tactics with those of the
Socialist Party, Communist groups and
I.W.W. (1) It stands for the international
solidarity of the working class. (2) It
advocates industrial unionism as the best
instrument for affecting the social revo-
lution. (3) It advocates direct action,
meaning thereby the general strike and
sabotage. (4) It sympathizes with and
supports Soviet Russia. (5) It advocates
amnesty for so-called political prisoners.
(6) It advocates the raising of the Russian
When Emma Goldman and Berkman
were arrested for their seditious anti-war
activities, the League for Amnesty of
Political Prisoners was organized by their
supporters. (See "Lg. for Amn. of Pol.
Anarchists now and always cooperate
with the Communists, Socialists and I.W.
W.'s, in "united front" class war revo-
lutionary activities. See "Free Society"
The Red Network
and "Intl. Workingmens Assn.," American
OF NORTH AMERICA
A communist subsidiary (U.S. Fish
Report) . The German Anti-Fascisti League,
Italian Anti-Fascisti League, etc., are sec-
A Communist subsidiary (U.S. Fish
The present title of the All-America
Anti-Imperialist League (see).
DELEGATION TO CUBA
The communist Daily Worker, Nov. 9,
1933, says, "a delegation representing the
Anti-Imperialist League of the United
States is sailing today for Cuba," and
states that "the delegation plans to ar-
range numerous mass demonstrations in
Havana and other cities" and is "bringing
banners, letters and other expressions of
warm revolutionary greetings and solidar-
ity. ..." The delegation consists of J. B.
Matthews, Henry Shepard of the T.U.U.L.,
Geo. Powers, sec. shipyards division of
Steel and Metal Wkrs. Indust. Union (Com-
munist), Joe Thomas (T.U.U.L.), Harry
Cannes of the Daily Worker, chmn., and
Walter Rellis, student member already in
The Soviet government trading company
of England ; a sister organization to Amtorg
in the U.S.; was raided in 1927 and docu-
ments seized revealed it to be the head-
quarters of the Communist International
in England and gave proofs of the Red
conspiracies against our own as well as
England's government; because of this
raid trade relations were severed between
England and the U.S.S.R. until a Socialist
Labor government again renewed them.
ASIATIC ASSOCIATION FOR THE
ADVANCEMENT OF ATHEISM
Oriental atheist "missionary" society of
the American Assn. for the Advancement
ASSOCIATION OF NEW CUBAN
Founded by Julio Antonio Mella, Cuban
Communist leader; active in New York
in association with the Spanish Workers
Center. Mella was killed in Mexico some
time ago and rioting occurred in Cuba,
1933, when Communists attempted to
bring his remains back for a big Red