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To promote atheism among primary
school children; a 4A society.

AUTO WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
Communist T.U.U.L. union; hdqts.:
4819 Hastings St. and 4210 Woodward
Ave., Detroit, Mich., etc.

B
BAHAI INTERNATIONAL

An internationalist, pacifist, "religious"
organization professing to accept and
include persons of any or all religious
beliefs in other words the religion of the
individual is his own affair; takes part
in War Resisters International (see) con-
ferences; the World Tomorrow, July 1933
issue, stated: "Members of the Bahai
religion have recently been arrested in
Turkey and will be brought to trial charged
with 'aiding communism and international-
ism'"; one branch is at Wilmette, 111.

BERGER (VICTOR L.) NATIONAL
FOUNDATION

Berger Nat. Found.

A Socialist organization "organized to
honor the memory of the late Victor L.
Berger. Its founders believe that this can
be done best by rendering effective aid to
those minority causes to which he devoted
himself for four decades ... by the build-
ing of a newspaper press which will mobil-
ize public opinion in behalf of the ideals
for which liberals, progressives and peace
advocates contend." (From announcement
of Victor L. Berger Foundation Dinner held
at Morrison Hotel, Nov. 12, 1931.) The
announcement does not dwell on Victor
Berger's conviction for sedition and
speeches favoring direct action and revo-
lution, although "minority causes" is a
polite phrase for "revolutionary causes."
The "Statement of Clarence Darrow on
accepting the presidency of the Victor L.
Berger National Foundation" is printed as:
"It is of paramount importance we estab-
lish our own press as quickly as possible.
There is every evidence of the emergence
of working class forces in this country. . . .
I think the splendid work started by the
late Victor L. Berger, of whose fearless
independence I was an admirer, should be
pushed with all possible energy"; it was
founded Mar. 1, 1931 at the National Press



Organizations, Etc.



129



Club, Wash., B.C.; incorporated under the
laws of the District of Columbia and its
Dinner Announcement which scheduled as
speakers at the Morrison Hotel, Nov. 12,
1931, Gov. Philip F. LaFollette, Mayor
Daniel W. Hoan, Mrs. Meta Berger (Regent
of Wis. U. and widow of Victor), Donald
R. Richberg, Clarence Darrow, presiding,
also listed as Officers:

Clarence Darrow, pres.; Jane Addams, John
Dewey, Glenn Frank, Eliz. Oilman, James H.
Maurer, Upton Sinclair, vice presidents; Marx
Lewis, exec, dir.; Stuart Chase, treas.; B. C.
Vladeck, Meta Berger, E. J. Costello, Thos. M.
Duncan, Wm. T. Evjue, Sidney Hillman, Morris
Hillquit, Daniel W. Hoan, Norman Thomas,
Howard Y. Williams, as Board of Trustees, and
a National Council as follows:

William J. Adames, Bernard M. Allen, Devere
Alien, Rev. Peter Ainslie, Oscar Ameringer, Wood

F. Axton, Forrest Bailey, Emily G. Balch, Joseph
Baskin, Morris Berman, Rev. Herbert S. Bigelow,
S. John Block, Cong. Gerald J. Boileau, Gladys
Bopne, William Bouck, A. P. Bowers, Paul F.
Brissenden, Heywood Broun, Lewis Browne,
Howard Brubaker, John P. Burke, Abraham
Cahan, Stuart Chase, Henry S. Churchill, George
A. Coe, Mabel Dunlap Curry, Jerome Davis, Paul
H. Douglas, Daniel R. Donovan, W. E. B.
Du Bois, Sherwood Eddy, George Clifton Edwards,
Morris L. Ernst, Frederick V. Field, William
Floyd, Zona Gale, Adolph Germer, Helen B. Gil-
man, Carl Henry Gleeser, Mrs. Henry Francis
Grady, Florence Curtis Hanson, Rev. Otto R.
Hauser, Dr. A. Eustace Haydon, Max S. Hayes,
Arthur Garfield Hays, Adolph Held, Rabbi James

G. Heller, Arthur E. Holder, Rev. John Haynes
Holmes, Frederick C. Howe, Arthur Huggins,
Fannie Hurst, Rabbi Edward L. Israel, Bishop
Paul Jones, Vladimir Karapetoff, Paul U. Kellogg,
Frederick M. Kerby, Casimir Kowalski, Elmer
Krahn, Leo Krzycki, Harry W. Laidler, Prof. John
A. Lapp, William Leiserson, Henry R. Linville,
Owen R. Lovejoy, Robert Morss Lovett, Benjamin
C. Marsh, John T. McRoy, Lucia Ames Mead,
Alexander Meikeljohn, Darwin J. Meserole, Jacob
C. Meyer, Henry Neumann, Reinhold Niebuhr,
Edward N. Nockels, Henry J. Ohl, Jr., Joseph A.
Padway, Kirby Page, Jacob Panken, Clarence E.
Pickett, Amos R. E. Pinchot. Rabbi D. De Sola
Pool, Jeannette Rankin. W. N. Reivo, Milo Reno,
E. A. Ross, Charles Edward Russell, Mary R.
Sanford, Benjamin Schlesinsrer, Rose Schneiderman.
Vida D. Scudder, Emil Seidel, Rabbi Abba Hillel
Silver, George Soule, Seymour Stedman, Morris
Stern, Spencer Stoker, Helen Phelps Stokes,
Augustus O. Thomas, Oswald Garrison Villard.
H. J. Voorhis. Grace D. Watson. S. F. Weston,
Rev. Eliot White, Charles H. Williams, James H.
Wolfe, Abel Wolman, Leo Wolfsohn, S. N. Ziebel-
man, Phil E. Ziegler.

The following are listed in the dinner
announcement as "Sponsors":

Mary M. Abbe, Jane Addams, Robert C. Beers,
Carl Borders. M. O. Bousfield, Fritz Bremer,
Charles H. Burr, Ralph Chaolin. Agnes B. Clohesy,
Lenetta Cooper, Mrs. E. C. Costello, William A.
Cunnea. Clarence Darrow, Paul E. Darrow, George
E. Dawson, Arthur Fisher, John Fitzpatrick, John
Fralick, Herbert T. Friedman, Judge E. Allen
Frost, Denton L. Geyer, Rev. Charles W. Gilkey,
M. Gitlitz, Morris Gold, Rabbi S. Goldman, Dr.
R. B. Green, Margaret A. Haley, M. V. Halushka,
Leon Hanock, N. M. Hanock, Florence Curtis
Hanson, Dr. A. Eustace Haydon, Josef L. Hek-
toen, Lillian Herstein, Samuel H. Holland, William



H. Holly, Paul Hutchinson, Newton Jenkins, M. B.
Karman, Jesse T. Kennedy, S. J. Konenkamp,
Casimir Kowalski, Carl Laich, Lloyd Lehman,
Samuel Levin, Victor I. Levinson, Fay Lewis,
Abraham Lidsky, Robert Morss Lovett, Theodore
H. Lunde, Franklin Lundquist, Maurice Lynch,
Mary E. McDowell, A. D. Marimpetri, Prof. Chas.
E. Merriam, Agnes Nestor, Rev. J. Pierce Newell,
Edward N. Nockels, Edwin P. Reese, Wallace
Rice, Donald R. Richberg, William E. Rodriguez,
Hayden J. Sanders, Stephen Skala, Dr. Ferdinand
Schevill, Clarence Senior, Jacob Siegel, Morris
Siskind, Peter Sissman, Donald Slesinger, Prof.
T. V. Smith. Morris Spitzer, J. Edward Stake,
Seymour Stedman, L. P. Straube, Duane Swift,
Carl D. Thompson, Rev. Ernest Fremont Tittle,
Irwin St. John Tucker, S. Turovlin, Daniel A.
Uretz, Ethel Watson, Dorothy Weil.

National hdqts.; 907 15th St., N.W.,
Wash., D.C.; Western Office: 308 W. North
Ave., Milwaukee, Wis.

BEZBOSHNIK

Russian Godless society ; American branch
of the official militant Communist anti-
religious society; section of Proletarian
Anti-Religious Lg.

BLUE BLOUSES

Communist agitational propaganda dra-
matic groups affiliated with League of
Workers Theatres.

BONUS EXPEDITIONARY FORCES

RANK AND FILE OF AMERICA
Formed by communist Workers Ex-
Service Men's League; supporting org. of
U.S. Congress Against War.

BRIDGMAN RAID

"The most colossal conspiracy against
the U.S. in its history was unearthed at
Bridgman, Mich., Aug. 22, 1922, when the
secret convention of the Communist Party
of America was raided by the Michigan
constabulary, aided by county and Fed-
eral officials. Two barrels full of docu-
mentary proof of the conspiracy were
seized and are in possession of the author-
ities. Names, records, checks from promi-
nent people in this country, instructions
from Moscow, speeches, theses, question-
naires indeed the whole machinery of the
underground organization, the avowed aim
of which is the overthrow of the U.S.
government, was found in such shape as
to condemn every participant in the con-
vention. ... It is known that agents of
Communists are working secretly through
'legal' bodies in labor circles, in society, in
professional groups, in the Army and Navy,
in Congress, in the schools and colleges of
the country, in banks and business con-
cerns, among the farmers, in the motion
picture industry in fact in nearly every



130



The Red Network



walk of life. These agents are not 'low
brows' but keen, clever, intelligent educated
men and women. . . . They range from
bricklayers to bishops and include many
prominent official and society people. There
were present besides Wm. Z. Foster, C. E.
Ruthenberg, three times candidate for
mayor of Cleveland; Ben Gitlow, N.Y.
labor leader; Ella Reeve Bloor, who says
she has been arrested more than a hundred
times for radical agitation among workers;
Robert Minor; J. Lovestone; Ward Brooks,
direct representative of the Communist
Intl., of Moscow; Boris Reinstein, repre-
senting the Red Trade Union Intl. of
Moscow; Rose Pastor Stokes; Wm. F.
Dunne; and many others. The seventeen
arrested at or near Bridgman were Thos.
Flaherty of N.Y.; Chas. Erickson, Chas.
Krumbein, Eugene Bechtold" (Chgo. Wkrs.
School now), "and Caleb Harrison of Chi-
cago; Cyril Lambkin, W. Reynolds,
Detroit; Wm. F. Dunne of Butte, Mont,
and N.Y.; J. Mihelic, Kansas City; Alex.
Ball, Phila.; Francis Ashworth, Camden,
N.J.; E. McMillin, T. R. Sullivan and
Norman H. Tallentire, St. Louis; Max
Lerner, Seattle; and Zeth Nordling, Port-
land, Oregon," (from Whitney's "Reds
in America"). This revolutionary Party
frankly aiming to overthrow the U.S.
Govt., compelled to meet in secret in 1922,
is now on the ballot in 39 states, is mail-
ing tons of treasonable literature through
the U.S. mails, and is conducting schools
of revolution without interference; after
ten years, these Communists then arrested
have had their cases brought up by Pat-
rick H. O'Brien, A.C.L.U. attorney elected
Attorney General of Michigan in 1932, and
dismissed, thus releasing the bond money
for the benefit of the Communists and
other radicals; see Labor Defense Council
and Garland Fund, for aid to Bridgman
conspirators.

BROOKWOOD LABOR COLLEGE

A left wing Socialist school for training
radical Negro and white agitators; located
at Katonah, N.Y.; the American Labor
Year Book states:

"During the summer of 1931, four members of
the Brookwood staff assisted at the West Va.
Mine Workers strike. Other faculty members
taught at Barnard and Bryn Mawr summer schools
and lectured at various summer institutes. Faculty
for 1931-32 consisted of A. J. Muste, Chairman,
Josephine Colby, David J. Saposs, Helen G. Nor-
ton, Mark Starr, and J. C. Kennedy, instructors;
Cara Cook, Katherine Pollak and Lucile Kohn,
assistants; Tom Tippett, extension director. Lec-
turers on special topics include Louis Budcnz,
Herbert S. Bigelow, Frank Palmer and Carl
Haessler," and states that the American Federation



of Teachers, the Conference for Progressive Labor
Action, and Eastern States Cooperative League
held conferences at Brookwood, 1931-32; see Gar-
land Fund for bountiful aid it received.

After a row over policies in 1933, A. J.
Muste resigned and Tom Tippett left to
become educational director of the Pro-
gressive Miners Union at Gillespie, 111., and
Tucker P. Smith (of the C.M.E.) became
director of Brookwood, and James H.
Maurer, Pres.; Fannia M. Cohn, Vice
Pres.; Bd. of Directors: Abraham Lef-
kowitz, John Brophy, Phil E. Zeigler, A. J.
Kennedy, plus officers; Faculty: Tucker
P. Smith, Director; Josephine Colby;
David J. Saposs, Sec.; Helen G. Norton;
Mark Starr, Extension Dir.; J. C. Ken-
nedy, Dir. of Studies.

BROTHERHOOD OF SLEEPING

CAR PORTERS
See under "Messenger."

BUILDING MAINTENANCE

WORKERS UNION
Communist union of the T.U.U.L.



CAMPS NITGEDAIGET

Communist camps near N.Y., Chicago,
Lumberville, Pa., Wash., D.C., Detroit,
Birmingham, etc.; run by the communist
Jewish "United Workers Cooperative
Assn." The camp near Chicago for example
is located on Paddock Lake 14 miles west
of Kenosha, Wis. and occupies about 205
acres; accommodates 500 to 600 people
from July 4, to Nov. 1 ; a Young Pioneer
Camp has been held here for the past
two years (under direction, 1933, of Com-
rade Levine of the Young Communist
League) ; vicious dogs guard the place and
no autos except those belonging to the
camp are allowed in the grounds; there is
an auditorium seating 500 people with stage,
piano, etc.; has new bath house, a swim-
ming tank, 5 boats; Comrade Hels of
Chgo. in charge of it is reported to have
claimed "the damned dirty Legion burned
it"; it has been burned three times and
each time rebuilt bigger and better; Miss
Litzinger of Kenosha is reported to be office
secretary.

CAMP UNITY

At Wingdale, N.Y.; Communist T.U.U.L.
Camp.

CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION FOR

INTERNATIONAL PEACE
Pacifist - internationalist organization;
composed, no doubt, for the most part of



Organizations, Etc.



131



perfectly sincere, non-radical, Christian
pacifists. However, Rev. John A. Ryan,
chmn. of its Ethics Committee, is at the
same time one of three book editors (with
E. F. Tittle and Edw. Israel) of the very
radical National Religion and Labor
Foundation and responsible for distributing
such Communist literature as Wm. Z. Fos-
ter's "Toward Soviet America"; John A.
Lapp, of its Intl. Law and Organization
Committee, is on the exec. com. of the same
National Religion and Labor Foundation;
Both Lapp and Ryan were, in 1923, on
the Labor Defense Council (see) (now
Communist I.L.D.), formed to defend Wm.
Z. Foster and other Communists; James E.
Hagerty, of its Economics Relations Com-
mittee, is at the same time Hon. Pres. of
the National Religion and Labor Foun-
dation, which also disseminates red revo-
lutionary propaganda, Communist cartoons
of Jesus, etc. (see) ; and Patrick H. Calla-
han, of its Com. on Dependencies, is also
on the exec. com. of the same National
Religion and Labor Foundation; Prof.
Carlton J. H. Hayes (see "Who's Who"),
whose activity in behalf of the I.W.W. is
cited in the Lusk Report, serves as chmn.
of one and member of several other of its
committees; Rev. R. A. McGowan, a com-
mittee chmn., was the fellow spokesman
with the A.C.L.U. group (Edw. I. Israel,
Bishop Francis J. McConnell, etc.) at the
Hearing on admission of Prof. Macintosh,
radical pacifist, to U.S. citizenship without
promise to defend this Govt. by arms
(June 1932 A.C.L.U. Report, p. 36; also
see facsimile of A.C.L.U. letter) ; Parker
T. Moon, pres., is author of "Imperialism
and World Politics," which was part of
the socialist L.I.D. program of reading for
1927-8; Edw. Keating (see "Who's Who"),
active member of radical organizations,
serves on its Com. on Economic Relations;
Rev. Francis Haas, a vice pres., is classi-
fied as "radical" by Advisory Associates,
serving in radical company as Roosevelt
appointee to the NRA Labor Board (with
Leo Wolman, Rose Schneidermann, etc.).
I heard Rev. J. W. Maguire of its Com.
on Economic Relations, who is pres. of
St. Viator's College, in action when he
oratorically and vehemently pleaded at the
Springfield Legislative Hearing, May 1933,
in company with Pres. Hutchins of the U.
of Chicago (where Communism is a recog-
nized student activity), against the passage
of the Baker Bills (to penalize the teach-
ing of seditious Communism in Illinois
colleges). He said that if passed these



Bills might even make him trouble as some
people considered him a dangerous radical.
He also advanced the anarchistic argument
that no one should be forced to obey a
law against his own conscience. At this,
Senator Barr asked him which of our laws
he would refuse to obey. After this Hear-
ing, at which I testified in favor of the
Bills to curb Communism, I expressed to
Rev. Maguire my respect for his Church,
having attended a convent school myself,
and my surprise and disappointment to
find him on the side of those fighting for
freedom to teach Communism and destroy
Christian faith in our colleges.

There is however no finer, truer Chris-
tian and American than Rev. Edmund A.
Walsh, author and opponent of Soviet
recognition, who is a member of this
Catholic Assn. Whether or not its Esper-
anto connections are with the international
Red Esperanto groups I have not ascer-
tained.

CENTRAL COOPERATIVE
WHOLESALE (FORMERLY

CENTRAL COOPERATIVE

EXCHANGE)

Of Superior, Wis.; affiliated with the
Workers and Farmers Cooperative Alliance,
which is a branch of the communist T.U.
U.L.; a communistic group that has had
three Communist Party members on its
board of directors; sells food products to
97 member societies with the Soviet em-
blems, hammer and sickle and red star,
branded on them ; maintains organizers and
conducts conferences and summer schools
with the affiliated Northern States Co-
operative League; is dedicated to the
"class struggle"; it, and its affiliates, the
Cooperative League of U.S.A. and North-
ern States Cooperative League, received
money from the Garland Fund; its affili-
ated Cooperative Trading Co. of Wau-
kegan, 111., organized Cooperative Un-
employed Leagues, affiliated with Borders'
Communist - I.W.W. - controlled Federated
Unemployed Leagues (see), in every com-
munity in Lake County, 1932-3; the 1932
American Labor Year Book reports internal
friction over control of the administration
between Socialists and Communists; the
report of the Communist International of
1928 said on p. 346; "the Central Co-
operative Exchange is a left wing organ-
ization." . . . (See Cooperative Lg. of
U.S.A.) ; its organ "Cooperative Builder"
is sold at Communist bookstores.



132



The Red Network



CHICAGO ATHEIST FORUMS

It is estimated that some fifteen or six-
teen atheist forums are being conducted at
various of the 70 local Chicago Communist
headquarters, Sunday afternoons. One,
which is plainly advertised each Saturday
in the Chicago Daily News, is conducted
by the American Assn. for the Advance-
ment of Atheism, at 357 Chicago Ave.,
Communist Party local hdqts. Speakers
for 1933: Haldeman- Julius, Rev. Norman
Barr, Prof. Frank Midney, Dr. Percy
Ward, Neal Ness, Rev. Aronson, etc. Only
atheist literature and the Communist Daily
Worker are sold at these meetings. On
Nov. 12, 1933, the atheist speaker used vile
obscene language in ridiculing the Chris-
tian religion, and the existence of God.
His opponent, Rev. L. Hoover, made a weak
plea for the existence of a power called
God as evidenced in viewing sunsets, etc.
This the atheist was given the opportunity
to ridicule vigorously. The hall is dec-
orated with communist Russian posters,
I.L.D. and T.U.U.L. local branch signs,
Workers Theatre announcements; a big
red paper bow drapes the top of the stage;
and a black board lists meetings and
speakers of the communist Unemployed
Councils, which meet there. On Nov. 12,
the name of "James M. Yard, D.D." was
chalked up as speaker for Nov. IS. (See
under "Who's Who.")

CHICAGO CITY CLUB
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

COMMITTEE

Purposes similar to and cooperates with
A.C.L.U.; formed 1932; hdqts.: City
Club, 315 Plymouth Court, Chgo. At the
City Club, the "Workers Training School"
of the C.W.C. on Unemp., A.C.L.U. and
L.I.D. meetings are also held.

CHICAGO COMMITTEE FOR
STRUGGLE AGAINST WAR
See under "Intl., American and Chicago
Committees for Struggle Against War."

CHICAGO COMMITTEE TO AID
VICTIMS OF GERMAN FASCISM

Chicago section of the Nat. Com. to Aid
Victims of German Fascism (see) of com-
munist W.I.R.; hdqts. Room 310208 N.
Wells St., Chicago; organ "Anti-Fascist
Action."

CHICAGO EMERGENCY COMMITTEE

FOR STRIKERS RELIEF
See under Emergency Committee for
Strikers Relief.



CHICAGO FORUM COUNCIL

An intellectual agency propagandizing
socialistic communistic doctrines; organized
about 1925; merged with the Adult Edu-
cation Council, about 1929; directed then
and now by Fred Atkins Moore (of the
Chicago A.C.L.U. Committee and com-
munist Nat. Council for Protection of
Foreign Born Workers) ; operates the Chi-
cago Forum, which features the reddest of
Communist and Socialist speakers; pub-
lishes "Educational Events," a bulletin
widely distributed, announcing radical
meetings and forums; sponsors radio
broadcasts of radical speakers and con-
ducts a speakers bureau. In 1928 among
council members were:

Arthur Fisher, Louis L. Mann, John A. Lapp,
Herbert J. Friedman (president), Wm. H. Holly,
Jessie Binford, Horace Bridges, Wm. E. Dodd, Paul
Douglas, Rev. Chas. W. Gilkey, A. L. Jackson,
Robt. Morss Lovett, Mary E. McDowell, Chas.
Clayton Morrison, Curtis Reese, Amelia Sears, Jane
Addams, Rev. E. F. Tittle, Harold L. Ickes,
(all A.C.L.U.), Henry P. Chandler, "liberalizer
of the Union League Club," Rev. Norman Barr,
John Fitzpatrick, Ann Guthrie, Solomon B. Free-
hof, Mrs. B. F. Langworthy, Salmon 0. Levin-
son, Frank Orman Beck (Reconciliation Trips
director), James Mullenbach, Agnes Nestor, Mor-
decai Shulman, Graham Taylor, David Rhys
Williams, Dr. Rachelle S. Yarros, Samuel Levin,
Charles E. Merriam (see "Who's Who" for
these), S. J. Duncan-Clark, etc.

The 1933 program featured as speakers:
Communists Anna Louise Strong and John
Strachey; Socialists Sherwood Eddy, Norman
Thomas, etc.; our Assistant "Commissar" of
Agriculture, Rex. G. Tugwell; Dr. Alfons Gold-
schmidt, Red professor welcomed" out of Ger-
many; James Weldon Johnson of the Garland
Fund, etc. and names as the managing com-
mittee: Wm. H. Holly, chmn. and Lillian Her-
stein, vice chmn. (both members of Communist
and Socialist organizations) ; Mrs. Beatrice Hayes
Podell, sec.; R. G. Sathoff, treas.; Chas. W.
Balch, Benj. Baltzer, Howard S. Bechtolt, Edith
Benjamin, R. E. Blount, Fred Chayes, Mrs. Eli
Daiches, Rev. Theodore C. Hume,* Chas. E.
Lewis, Mrs. Fred Lowenthal,* Abraham Nechin,
Mrs. M. D. Neufield, Mr. and Mrs. Edw. VV.
Ohrenstein, Geo. C. Olcott, Mrs. Glenn E.
Plumb, Chas. A. Snyder, C. Francis Stradford,
Chas. E. Suiter, Grace W. Weller, W. H. Wicker-
sham, Dr. Walter Verity; Hdqts.: 224 S.
Michigan Ave.; Director, Fred Atkins Moore.*
(*Listed in this "Who's Who.")

CHICAGO LABOR RESEARCH
Chicago branch of the Labor Research,
Inc.; collects material for Communist
speakers, trade unions, organizers, etc.;
hdqts. Chicago Workers School, 2822 S.
Michigan Ave.

CHICAGO LAWYERS
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

COMMITTEE

Purposes similar to and cooperates with
A.C.L.U.; formed 1932; Hdqts.: Leon M.
Despres, 77 W. Washington St., Chgo.



Organizations, Etc.



133



CHICAGO WORKERS COMMITTEE

ON UNEMPLOYMENT
C.W.C. on Unemp.

Claims sixty Locals with 20,000 members
in Chicago; headed by Karl Borders and
organized by him originally as a sub-
sidiary of the socialist League for Indus-
trial Democracy (L.I.D.) Chicago branch
to capitalize upon unemployment by organ-
izing the unemployed, ostensibly to aid
them but at the same time to endoctrinate
and finally align them with the Socialist
movement. It is represented on the board
of the Federation of Unemployed Organ-
izations of Cook County headed by Com-
munist Karl Lochner and both organiza-
tions are affiliated with the national Fed-
eration of Unemployed Workers Leagues
(See) of which Karl Borders was national
chairman until May 1933, when the con-
vention held at Lincoln Center, Chicago,
May 13, 14, 15, elected a controlling board
of Communist, Proletarian (communist-
supporting) and I.W.W. officers. This indi-
cates the present marked drawing together
of revolutionary forces for united action
(See this also under Socialism, U.S. Con-
gress Against War, etc.). The C.W.C. on
Unemp. conducted a "Workers Training
School" beginning March 30, 1933 at the
Chicago City Club with Prof. Maynard C.
Krueger teaching "New Economics for
Old," Lillian Herstein "The Class Struggle
in American History," W. B. Waltmire
"How to Organize," etc., at which repre-
sentatives of the Educational Committees
of the Locals were expected to be present.
Fortnightly Executive Committee meetings
are held at Graham Taylor's Chicago Com-
mons, 955 W. Grand Ave., of which Karl
Borders is assistant head resident. W. B.
Waltmire is chairman of this "Workers
Training School" and when the C.W.C. on
Unemp. cooperated with the Communist
Party in staging the Chicago Oct. 31, 1932
"Hunger March" in which hundreds of
revolutionary placards and Soviet emblems
and flags were carried, Waltmire was
spokesman before the Mayor for the
demonstrators. The official organ is the
"New Frontier," a fortnightly paper which
publishes such propaganda as the Commu-
nist revolutionary songs "Red Flag" and
"Internationale" and the I.W.W. song
"Solidarity" by Ralph Chaplin (who
served 5 years in the Penitentiary for
seditious activities), and urges members to
paste these songs in their hats, sing them
in the bathtub, and learn them so they
can "raise the roof" with them at the



meetings (See Mar. 4, 1933 issue). Pub-
lished at 20 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago,
L.I.D. headquarters; editor Robt. E. Asher;
mg. ed. John Paul Jones; circ. mgr. C. W.



Online LibraryElizabeth Kirkpatrick DillingThe red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots → online text (page 19 of 59)