the garden, near an ornamental pool then filled with trash.
I was never in Russia before the Revolution. But as I passed miles of
homes along the roads now neglected and nearly falling down and noted how
many of them had ginger-bread carvings on them, it occurred to me that
someone must have cared for them more than their present occupants do,
or else they would never have bothered to carve them. As I watched the
workers in the stores and noted what they were buying, I concluded that if
they had formerly had less to eat than they were now getting they would not
have survived. I met Russian bourgeois exiles in Switzerland who had escaped
only with their lives and whose relatives had been killed after the Revolution.
I believe that those exiles and the millions who were killed are more fortunate
than the poor Russian proletarian left behind living as a mere cog in a God-
less, slavedriving state machine.
Stepping from Russia into Esthonia is like stepping from the slums into a
comfortable neighborhood. Until only fifteen years ago, Esthonia was a part
of Russia; but it has since had democratic government and private trade.
The clean window curtains and potted flowers, and the busy bustle of trade
and traffic, and the general air of well being contrast sharply with gloomy
When over one thousand Communists rioted in front of the Chicago School
Board offices (March 27, 1932), they bore a placard: "We Want Soviet
Conditions Here." Some misguided Americans, openly or covertly, are
echoing this sentiment. The universities seem to have joined the gutter Com-
munists in "going Red." They unite in using the argument that inasmuch
as the American "economic system" has "collapsed" we must have Russian
revolution to right matters.
14 The Red Network
Owing to the spirit of Christian (not atheist) mercy, deeply ingrained in
the American people, no one is starving, or will starve, here, who asks for
aid. I compare the miserable food and living conditions of Russians who
work, with the rations of our county and charity unemployed poor, to the
latter's advantage. Moreover, no free-born American can conceive of the
Soviet despotic regulation of the smallest personal matters of conduct and
conversation, nor understand the haunting fear of the terrorist secret police
which even the American tourist in Russia senses. Much less would Amer-
icans want to live under such "Soviet conditions" here.
While I was in Moscow, factory workers who had long protested bad
working conditions decided to strike. At once soldiers and machine guns
surrounded the factory. The workers were given fifteen minutes to decide
whether to work or be blown to bits. They worked.
The present economic depression or "collapse" is not as unprecedented
as was the era of prosperity which just preceded it. No other country at any
time has ever had a standard of living, a condition of general welfare, to
compare with ours. Since our struggling little thirteen colonies pioneered
through to the foundation of this nation, we have survived wars and many
depressions (or "collapses") without halting our upward march and with-
out ceasing to be the mecca of the whole world. Immigration barriers have
been necessary to hold back the multitudes drawn here by the opportunities
and liberty offered under our form of government. Africa, South America,
and other lands have soil and resources as rich, but they have lacked our
government and those American principles which have inspired progress in
the people of all nationalities who have come here to make America their
Macauley, the historian, said: "Your Republic will be pillaged and rav-
aged in the twentieth century, just as the Roman Empire was by the bar-
barians of the fifth century, with this difference, that the devastators of the
Roman Empire came from abroad, while your barbarians will be the people
of your country, and the products of your own institutions."
Within each person lies the spirit and the power to help guide events in
this nation either toward Russian revolution, with all its horrors, or upward
toward firmer American principles and new American progress. Will our peo-
ple rise in this crisis, as they have before, or will they at last fall? That
depends upon you and me.
HAVE WE RECOGNIZED RUSSIA?
Have we recognized the poor Russian peasants deprived of food cards
and deliberately "liquidated" starved to death by the Soviet Government
within the last year as "class enemies," a number estimated at three million
by Ralph Barnes of the N. Y. Herald Tribune, four million by Henry Cham-
berlain of the Manchester Guardian of England, and five million by pro-
Soviet Walter Duranty of the N. Y. Times?
"At the recent London Economic Conference Maxim Litvinov . . . calmly
admitted to an European diplomat that the sacrifice of fifteen to twenty
million more people will be readily agreed to by the Soviet Government in
order to transform Russia into a real Communist State" (from "America"
of Nov. 25, 1933).
Have We Recognized Russia? IS
Anna Smirnova, Moscow factory worker, answering questions about Russia
in the communist Daily Worker of Nov. 10, 1933 says: "It is true that we
are unmercifully driving from our ranks and from our enterprises all those
'wreckers' and counter revolutionary forces in our midst those forces that
are using all their intelligence and physical strength to hold us back and to
establish a capitalist society among us. ... To take the place of the Church we
have given the workers the theatre . . . club houses, etc. To take the place of
the Bible and the priests, books concerning the class struggle by Lenin and
Stalin. There are quite a few churches left in the U. S. S. R. It is true that
with each year the number grows less . . . little by little through their con-
tacts with this culture of ours they" (the believers) "are being won over to
the cause of the workers' struggle to establish a Socialist Society and they
find little place or time in their lives to think of religion." (Won over by the
example of the "liquidated.")
Have we recognized the hapless Christians or the helpless majority of the
Russian people now living under the iron dictatorship of their Communist
Party which comprises but 1% of the population?
We have not. We have recognized the Communist Party Government of
Russia and its Communist International, which are one and which are striv-
ing for similar power in America. We are financing agitations for our own
destruction and supplying millions of dollars worth of cotton to be used for
explosives for a war, perhaps, against anti-communist Japan, Asia's only bul-
wark against Communism now. We have made a pact with Hell to help pro-
vide the Cross upon which to crucify Christian civilization.
"Tut tut be broadminded ! " says the man educated beyond his own
intelligence. One is reminded of two prisoners discussing a fellow prisoner
in a motion picture. One asked "What is he in for? Didn't he kill his mud-
der?" "Sure," replied the other, "he cut his old lady's t'roat but he's
sor-ry. He's a good guy!"
The most broadminded can not say that the Soviet Government is sorry.
It is proud and hopeful of similar opportunities for revolution in America
and fifty-eight other countries. As the world's outstanding nation that with-
held recognition of the murder regime for 16 years, we now capitulate and
provide it with new hope, new pride, new funds for the fulfillment of its aims.
As a reward the communist Daily Worker editorially promises us the
following (Nov. 20, 1933):
"The success of recognition, which the workers throughout the world will
celebrate and greet as a harbinger of greater advances for the workers of the
Soviet Union, and the revolutionary proletariat throughout the world, was
made possible by the stalwart and brilliant leadership of the Communist
Party of the Soviet Union, the Party of Lenin and Stalin, a section of the
"Revolutionary Way Out of Crisis"
"The Communist Party of the U. S. A., section of the Communist Inter-
national, points out that the only guarantee of peace is the abolition of cap-
italism. Its main task is the abolition of capitalism in the United States.
"The deepening of the crisis of American capitalism, the growing sym-
pathy for the Soviet Union, gives the Communist Party of the U. S. A. the
16 The Red Network
widest possibilities of convincing and winning the American toiling masses
for the revolutionary way out of the crisis.
"In this country, the Communist Party, section of the Communist Inter-
national, basing itself on the principles of Lenin and Stalin, will more deter-
minedly than ever strive to win the American workers for the revolutionary
way out of the crisis, for the emulation of the Soviet Union and its revolu-
M. J. Olgin, member of the central committee of the Communist Party,
and editor of the Jewish Communist organ, "Freiheit," has written a pamph-
let since recognition of Russia by the United States, entitled "Why Com-
munism," which is even clearer in its open advocacy of violent destruction
of the United States government. It should be read by everyone, particularly
by those who have any belief in the piffle printed in the daily press about
cessation of Soviet communistic activities in the United States. To quote but
a small part of it:
"The Communist Party of the Soviet Union is affiliated with the Com-
munist International. It is the most influential but not the only influential
party in the International. It is one part but not the whole of the Inter-
national. Its advice is highly precious because it has long accomplished what
the Communist Parties of the world are only striving at the proletarian
revolution. The advice and experiences of the other parties, however, is also
of great value in determining the policies of the Comintern. The seat of the
Comintern is Moscow because this is the capital of the only workers' and
peasants' government in the world, and the Comintern can meet there freely.
As the workers become rulers of other countries, the Comintern will not have
to confine its meetings to Moscow alone.
"The Communist Party of the U. S. A. is thus a part of a world-wide
organization which gives it guidance and enhances its fighting power. Under
the leadership of the Communist Party, the workers of the U. S. A. will pro-
ceed from struggle to struggle, from victory to victory, until, rising in a revolu-
tion, they will crush the capitalist State, establish a Soviet State, abolish the
cruel and bloody system of capitalism and proceed to the upbuilding of
"O, LET THEM BLOW OFF STEAM AS THEY DO
Before obligingly parroting this subtle Red propaganda:
1. Read the Communist press and the Workers Schools leaflets and see
there the headlined quotation: " 'Without revolutionary theory there can
be no revolutionary practise? Lenin." Thousands of dollars are continually
raised for the Red press in order to "blow steam" into the Red movement,
with this statement of Lenin's heading the printed pleas for funds.
2. Read: "The Surrender of an Empire" by Nesta Webster, "Potted
Biographies" (of British statesmen), and the weekly "Patriot" of London,
to gain some actual picture of England's blind grapple with Socialism-Com-
munism within. (Boswell Pub. Co., 10 Essex St., London, W. C. 2.)
3. Read in this book, in the daily press, and A. C. L. U. reports, of the
determined fight the A. C. L. U. (directed by Communists, Socialists and
"O, Let Them Blow OS Steam" 17
sympathizers) wages to secure the "free speech" for Reds to "blow steam"
into the Red movement, whereas Michael Gold's statement in the Daily
Worker, Oct. 28, 1933, is typical of the Communist-Socialist view of "free
speech" for others. To quote: "This whole controversy over free speech
is an academic one with these ivory-tower liberals. To the worker it is some-
thing as real as murder. It is part of the class war, not something in the
clouds. Free speech is not an inalienable right, but something to be fought
for a class weapon. It is not to be given up to scabs in a strike, or to Nazis
and Ku Kluxers. We are not interested in hearing what they have to say
we only wish to labor that they may not exist" Read herein what Robt.
Briffault says of "liquidating" dissenters in the article "Recovery Through
Revolution" under "Organizations."
4. Take note that the Garland Fund appropriation "to investigate spy
activities of the U. S. Department of Justice" and the National Popular Gov-
ernment League's false charges resulted in successfully shutting off the
appropriation of U. S. funds to the Dept. of Justice for the purpose of
investigating Red activities in the U. S. A. This was in 1925. We have since
had no actual protection from the Government against Reds except some
barring and deportation of Reds by the late Mr. Doak through the Dept.
of Labor. "Miss" Perkins has now changed that. Then note that the Com-
munist Party (see Communist Organization in the U. S. A.), which was
illegal and was raided at Bridgman, Michigan in 1922, after 1925 came out
more boldly, until in 1928 all camouflage was thrown aside and it labeled
itself "Communist Party of the U. S. A. (Section of the Communist Inter-
national)." Since 1928, it has increased its organizing Party workers to
27,000 members and enlisted a membership in its subsidiary organizations of
1,200,000 members, approximately the number of Communists now holding
down Russia's 160,000,000 people who, however, were put in bondage by
not over 79,000 Communists (by working the "united front"). Many of
these members of Communist subsidiaries are our college presidents, pro-
fessors, ministers, and public idols.
5. Study various revolutions and learn what a small number of deter-
mined agitators can actually govern a country. Observe what is being done
in Washington now.
6. Ask yourself if in recent years sex, pacifistic, atheistic, and socialistic
propaganda has increased in America and why.
7. First familiarize yourself with the names of leaders and the principles
of Socialism-Communism, then visit your son's or daughter's college. Read
the college paper and look at the college bulletin board. Observe the insidious
High School journals. Then start looking elsewhere with "seeing" eyes.
8. Finally try "blowing off" some anti-Red, anti-pacificst, anti-sex-trash,
patriotic "steam" and watch who opposes you. You will be surprised!
COMMUNIST ORGANIZATION IN THE U. S. A.
The World Communist movement is organized by three super-organiza-
tions. The supreme head is the Communist Party of the U. 5. S. R. The
two equal and subordinate organizations are the Soviet government and
the Third International.
18 The Red Network
The ruling inner circle of the C. P. U. S. S. R. is a group of nine men
forming the Polit-Buro (Political Bureau). This inner circle rules the Soviet
government and the Third International. All of the nine members of the Polit-
Buro are high officials of the Soviet Government and all are high officials
of the Third International. The supreme head is Joseph Stalin, secretary
of the C. P. U. S. S. R.
"The Communist Party of U. S. A. (section of the Communist Inter-
national)," which is the title of Moscow's American branch, is one of about
59 national branches of the Third International.
To quote from the leaflet "Revolutionary Greetings," which is presented
to each new Party member in the U. S. A.: "The Communist Party was
organized Sept. 1, 1919, by the revolutionary workers who were expelled from
or left the Socialist Party when it became a reformist organization.
"The Party was declared illegal by the Federal government in January,
1920, when thousands of its members were arrested.
"The Party functioned illegally up to Dec. 26, 1921, when it changed
its name into Workers Party.
"The name was subsequently changed to Workers (Communist) Party
and finally again to Communist Party, in April, 1928.
"The Party has been a section of the Communist International from the
day of its organization."
The Central Committee of the C. P. of U. S. A. receives its orders directly
from the Third International and in turn sends out its orders through district
committees in the U. S. and the Communist press to Communist members.
The United States is now (1934) divided into 20 districts each with its
own committee. Each district is divided into sections and sub-sections with
Section Committees, mapped out in accordance with the residential location
of Communist members.
The district in which I live is district No. 8 and comprises all of Illinois
and part of Indiana and small section of Mo. (St. Louis). The district head-
quarters are in Chicago (101 South Wells St., Room 705) and the district
Party school for training organizers, agitators, functionaries, etc. is called
the "Workers School" (2822 S. Michigan Ave.).
New York City is in district No. 2 and houses also the headquarters for
the entire U. S. and part of Latin America. New Haven, Conn., is in district
No. 15, Boston in district No. 1, etc.
Each section is divided into Units. The Units establish Nuclei (two or
three members), in various neighborhoods and shops. There are two kinds of
Nuclei: Shop Nuclei, made up of those working in one establishment, and
Street Nuclei, made up of scattered membership in one neighborhood.
Each Unit has its own "Functionaries," such as Organizer, Agit-Prop
(agitational propaganda) Director, Literary Agents, etc. The Units after
they number more than 25 members, are frequently divided. Meetings of
these Units are held in the homes of members and admittance is solely by
membership identification (now a numbering system, 1934). General meet-
ings of functionaries of Units are held at a Party headquarters with admit-
tance only by membership identification. Since the Communist Party is a
secret society it is impossible to know, with the exception of certain open
Communist Organization in the U. S. A. 19
leaders and organizers, whether or not any individual is or is not a Party
member. He may or may not be. Only a small percentage of Communist
Party members are known as such.
All Party members must engage in active Communist work. Otherwise
they are expelled. The Communist Party regularly cleans house of slothful
or dissenting members. One word against Party commands and out they go.
Often, if an expelled member shows contrition, he is taken back or put on
probation more humble and tractable than he was before. This strict dis-
cipline is exercised even against the highest Party leaders. Wm. Z. Foster
himself is not exempt. The offshoot Communist Parties are largely composed
of expelled Communist Party members who refused to "knuckle" to Moscow.
This military organization gives the Party a cohesive, united driving force
which increases its power a thousand fold and makes it "only the distilled
essence of revolution," as Wm. Z. Foster once said.
"The Communist" for Aug. 1933 (p. 716) complains that thousands are
ready for Party membership "but we do not bring them in. ... During 1932
our membership was doubled." For a number of years it had hovered around
8,000 members. The present active number is given as 27,000 members
(Clarence Hathaway, Jan. 21, 1934). "When we consider the composition
of the mass organizations under our influence, with the 100,000 members and
the more thousands in the left-wing oppositions, the 150,000 readers of the
language press, then we immediately realize that we have already thousands
upon thousands of potential forces inside of hundreds of factories in the
country, among the millions of unemployed," etc.
Earl Browder, general secretary of the Communist Party, at the Trade
Union Cleveland conference August 29-30, 1933, stated that the member-
ship in Communist Party subsidiary organizations was 1,200,000 members.
This figure is considered fair by neutral experts. Russia is now being held
down by about this number of Communists. The revolution in Russia was
put over by not over 79,000 Bolshevik fighters.
The figure of 1,200,000 members in Communist subsidiaries probably
does not include the membership of the allied Socialist Party which polled
about 800,000 votes at the last election (in addition to the heavy Socialist
and Communist vote given to Roosevelt as the radicals' most practical hope),
nor the I. W. W. and Communist opposition parties' complete memberships.
Jan. 1934 the Communist Friends of the Soviet Union claimed over the radio
to have 2,000,000 members.
Under Soviet Supervision
Communist Revolutions do not just happen. They are officered and
planned. From Soviet sources the Better -America Federation compiled the
following information: The Polit-Buro of the U. S. S. R. (the executive com-
mittee of the central committee of the Communist Party of Russia; nine men)
controls the Torgpred or controlling organization for the Soviet government's
activities in the U. S. Torgpred is organized in three depts.: one is the Raz-
vedoupr, the military or naval espionage, having as heads two "Voenspetz"
military or naval specialists of high rank. Razvedoupr is composed of three
20 The Red Network
sections; Sec. 1 has charge of gathering information relative to the army and
navy; Sec. 2 has charge of organizing Communist "centuries" or "100's,"
which are to be the framework of the Revolutionary army. Sec. 3 has charge
of abolishing military power, also the organized espionage ; it is further com-
posed of nine branches:
1. Operations branch; 2. Information branch; 3. Disarmament branch;
4. Naval branch; 5. Aeronautical branch ; 6. Transportation branch; 7. Bac-
terio-Chemical branch; 8. Anti-militaristic branch; 9. Liason with Moscow.
Another of three sections of Torgpred is the Tcheka (O. G. P. U.) or
State political police, secret in practically all of its activities and personnel
and with the following functions: A. Dept. of investigations; B. Education
of anti-revolutionary masses; C. Organization of assaults on individuals con-
demned by the Tcheka; D. Protection of prominent Communist offiicials who
are at any time in the U. S. whether on open missions or, as is usually the
Qualifications required of Tchekists in the U. S. are as follows:
1. Must speak and write English correctly; 2. Must know American his-
tory and political economy; 3. Must study minutely and in minute detail the
political activity of the parties in the U. S.; 4. Must send a daily report to
Torgpred; 5. Must dress correctly and in style; 6. Must hide their identity
as well as their functions; 7. Must never have on their persons, in case of
arrest, anything which will compromise the Party or anyone connected with
the Party; 8. When doing a job must be certain they are not being watched,
but if watched, escape at all costs; 9. Never speak of their assignments, even
to comrades; 10. Never call a comrade in public; 11. In case arrested never
confess not even when told their fellows have confessed; 12. Before appear-
ing in court prepare defense carefully beforehand, then speak as little as pos-
sible; 13. When arms or explosives are found on an arrested Tchekist, he
will swear that he found them on the street, or they were handed him by an
unknown person; 14. In prison do not speak to anyone, not even those
arrested with you, they may be spies; IS. Get a Communist lawyer if pos-
sible; speak only in his presence; 16. How to maneuver policemen and judges
is the first duty of an arrested Communist. Violations of any of the above
rules cause the Tchekist so violating to be considered and treated as anti-
The third branch under Torgpred is Amtorg (so-called Commercial
agency of the Soviet Govt. in the U. S.), under which is Ikki (the executive
committee) under the control of the Komintern (Communist International).
In the U. S., Ikki's mission is to direct the action of the American Com-
munist Party. It studies the possibilities of action. The functions of Ikki
are as follows: 1. Organizes centuries (A) in "clashing" or strife groups
and (B) in combat groups (armed Communists) (20,000 arms had already
been imported, in 1930, for this purpose) ; 2. Obtains arms in foreign coun-
tries; ^3. Organizes specialist corps to manufacture grenades, bombs and
explosives; 4. Formulates plans for disarming the police and loyal troops;
5. Operates to break up all groups of loyal fighting workmen when the revolu-
tion starts, and to destroy, when unable to capture, all tanks, cannon, machine
guns and other weapons which the loyal proletariat might use; 6. Details