Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Dilling.

The red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots online

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it is "Recommended by Union Theological
Seminary." ( !) Vile advertisements are
sent out offering lewd books about sex
perversions and atrocities fully illustrated.
Why the Post Office Dept. allows such
material to go through the mails is a
mystery. Hdqts. 317 E. 34th St., N.Y.


Communist veterans' organization with
which the Workers Ex-Service Men's
League (of the U.S.) is affiliated, formed
by Communist Henri Barbusse, of France,
its president; its purpose is "to make war
on war" by bloody Red revolution ; teaches
soldiers to "turn an imperialist war into
civil war."


An English "drawing room Socialists' "
society; founded 1884 by Prof. Thomas
Davidson, "an ethical Anarchist-Commu-
nist," who was quickly superseded by G.
B. Shaw, then a clerk, and Sidney Webb,
son of a London hairdresser, Annie Besant
and H. G. Wells later becoming leading
members; "by its method of middle class
permeation, notably in the Civil Service,
has done more to accelerate the revolution-
ary movement than the crude agitation of
the Socialist Democratic Federation" (from
"Socialist Network" by Nesta Webster) ;
its program states: "The Fabian Society
consists of Socialists. It therefore aims at
the reorganization of Society by the
emancipation of Land and Industrial
Capital from individual ownership," etc.;
aided in forming the very red Independent
Labour Party of Great Britain in 1893
(see Ind. Lab. Party).


Is virtually synonymous and inter-
changeable with the Socialist Party, each

Organizations, Etc.


supporting candidates of the other party
for certain offices; strong in Minnesota.


Formed by the Conference for Progres-
sive Political Action (see) ; pres. Thos. R.
Amlie; Alfred M. Bingham, exec. sec.


See under United Farmers League.


Fed. Coun. Chs.

The Federal Council's claim that it repre-
sents the will of 22,000,000 Protestant
Church members is ridiculous. Members
of Protestant congregations do no voting
on the policies of this Council. While about
400 delegates meet once every four years,
appointed on the basis of four from each
of twenty-eight denominations, plus one
for each 50,000 communicants, these are
entertained by a well planned steam-roll-
ered program. The executive committee
meets only once a year. In the interim,
an Administrative Committee of twenty-
eight members largely appointed by the
Council's President issues the radical pro-
nouncements in favor of Birth Control,
disarmament, Negro social equality, League
of Nations, World Court, prohibition, and
against "sanctioning war" and the Naval
Bill, against deportation or exclusion of
alien Reds (in cooperation with the
A.C.L.U.) all matters upon which the
22,000,000 Protestant Church members
never vote at all. S. Parkes Cadman,
now on the nat. com. of the very red Nat.
Religion and Labor Foundation, president
of the Federal Council 1924-8 and radio
minister of the same since, has shocked
many denominational leaders into agitating
for withdrawal from the Federal Council
by his radio talks in contravention of
essential New Testament Christian doc-
trines. Bishop Francis J. McConnell,
president from 1929-33, has a long record
for radicalism (see this "Who's Who").
Many denominational and Congressional
protests have been registered concerning
radical Council activities, but "The evi-
dence shows that the Federal Council will
continue to function regardless of any
activity by the membership denominations
respecting financial support since 75 per
cent of its income is donated from out-

side the churches, a condition which tends
to support the charge that it is serving
these interests instead of the denomi-
nations." (From "Tainted Contacts" by
E. N. Sanctuary, 156 5th Ave., N.Y. City,
price 50c and $1.00, an expose of the
Federal Council.)

The Marion Star stated: '"They have
been hand in hand with the Civil Liberties
Union which has been doing its utmost
to oppose, hinder and hamstring the Gov-
ernment in every activity in which it has
engaged to protect American lives and
property from the foes of all governments
. . . from the I.W.W., the agents of Soviet
Russia, from Communists and Direct-
actionists of every label and variety. It
was responsible for the sending out to
125,000 Clergymen the Kirby Page anti-
war service pledge 'I never again will sanc-
tion or participate in war' and 'will not
give financial or moral support to any
war.' It is to the everlasting credit of the
clergy that the 125,000 largely refused to
sign the seditious pledge. It is indeed
heartening to know that one of our Fed-
eral lawmakers has the backbone ... to
ask that this organization, which has been
so consistently fighting the government
and all its policies for the protection of
American ideals, be investigated. The
country should know the people at the
head of it and the forces behind them,
and the manner in which they are making
dupes of the memberships of many
denominations of the Christian Church of
the land."

In 1914 Carnegie endowed the Church
Peace Union, a self perpetuating board of
29 trustees practically all of whom are in
some way identified with the Federal
Council, "which gave the controlling group
in the Federal Council an annual income
which has enabled it to run the budget
for the Federal Council and its cooperating
organizations up into the millions. Among
these organizations are the Church Peace
Union, World's Alliance for International
Friendship Through the Churches, The
Commission on International Friendship
and Good Will, the National Council for
Prevention of War, American Civil Liber-
ties Union." ("Pastors, Politicians and
Pacifists" by Smith- Johns.)

The Federal Council admittedly violates
the American ideal of separation of Church
and State. In relating the work of its
Washington Committee (on page 217 of
the Federal Council "Handbook of the
Churches"), it states that it "Serves as a
center for the cooperating work of the


The Red Network

churches in their relation to agencies of
the government. It is a clearing house of
information concerning governmental activ-
ities which affect moral and social con-
ditions and also a medium for interpreting
to the government from time to time the
point of view of the churches."

"Young Peoples Relationships" is a dis-
gusting sex manual for "leaders of young
people between the ages of 16 and 19"
written by "a Conference convened by the
Federal Council of Churches. Issued under
the auspices of the Conference on Prepar-
ation for Home Making, Instituted by the
Federal Council of Churches" . . . (quoted
from its title page). General Amos Fries,
in his booklet "Sugar Coating Commu-
nism" (price 2Sc; address: 3305 Woodley
Road, Washington, D.C.), hails this sex
manual as "A crowning achievement of the
Federal Council controlling group along
the line of preparing the way for atheistic
communism." Perhaps because of Gen.
Fries' exposure, the reference, in the second
printing of the manual, to the Federal
Council sponsorship has been carefully
deleted. Otherwise it is the same and is
sold by the Pilgrim Press (14 Beacon St.,
Boston and 418 S. Market Street, Chicago,
price 7Sc) .

Full detailed instructions and tests for
studying various phases of sex and sexual
intercourse by the "discussion method" in
an "atmosphere" that is "informal,"
"frank," and "open minded" are given with
the advice that "some leaders report good
results in mixed groups." Model "opinion"
and "word" tests are given to analyse the
reactions of the young people individually
to suggestive words and sentences such as:
"Light Petting, Heavy Petting, Sex Con-
sciousness in Girls, in Boys, Birth Control,
Unmarried Mother, Flaming Youth, Mod-
esty, Free Love, Necking; What sensations
come from spooning ? ; On the basis of the
stimulation experienced by men at the
touch of some girls what is the stimulation
in the girl and is that stimulation more
intense at some times than at others?;
What can a girl do when she is out with
a boy in a car and he stops along the road,
turns off the light and says 'Now we can
have a good time?'"; etc., etc., etc. The
Birth Control report of the Federal Coun-
cil "Committee on Marriage and the Home"
is quoted in this pamphlet with this addi-
tion: "This report contemplates only the
use of contraceptives by married people,
the facts stated however are of universal

interest and apply with still more signifi-
cance to sexual intercourse outside of mar-
riage." The infamous Mary Ware Dennett
pamphlet "The Sex Side of Life" is en-
dorsed as "indispensable." Gen. Fries
states: "Anyone reading the whole pam-
phlet cannot fail to get the idea that when
all is said and done sexual intercourse is
a personal matter and if two want to
indulge therein it is nobody else's business.
. . . Had this pamphlet come out of Russia
direct as one of their means of breaking
down all morality, the family, and the
home, as the final step toward communism,
we would have felt it well qualified to
carry out the intent of its authors." What
a manual for use, as it recommends itself,
for "Denominational Summer Conferences,
Young People's Societies and Study Groups
in Churches, in Hi-Y Clubs and Girl
Reserves!" It was "prepared by Benj. S.
Winchester," who is secretary of the Fed-
eral Council and contributing editor of the
official Federal Council Bulletin, while Fed-
eral Council officials Rev. Samuel McCrea
Cavert (executive secretary of the Council
and Editor of the Bulletin) and Rev.
.Worth M. Tippy (secretary of the Council
and contributing editor of its Bulletin)
were fellow members of the Conference
which assisted and sponsored its prepar-
ation and publication. The average parent
would sicken with disgust to take part in
such licentious discussions as are presented
in this manual for decent young church
people who normally would never hear or
become interested in a tenth part of the
sexual trash presented for them to "study"
in this manual.

Fed. Press.

Claimed by Communists as their own
press service; headed by Carl Haessler of
the communist Chgo. Workers School;
supplies news to Communist, Socialist,
radical, revolutionary papers in the United
States; was handsomely aided by the Gar-
land Fund (see "Garland Fund") ; the
Lusk Report (1920) quotes Roger Bald-
win as saying "There was organized some-
time in 1908 largely through the activity
of Scott Nearing, a small press association
known as the International Labor News
Service with headquarters at 7 East 15th
Street. The active management of the news
service was in the hands of Louis P. Loch-
ner. ... In December 1919 (it) became the
Federated Press. The Federated Press is
now serving something over one hundred
papers . . . has international connections

Organizations, Etc.


with and cable news service from England,
Scandinavia, France and Australia. Its
news service deals primarily with the labor
movement and with revolutionary pro-
gress"; U.S. Report 2290 points out that
Tass, the Soviet Union Telegraph Agency,
has one and the same office and representa-
tive at Washington, B.C., with the Fed-
erated Press; E. J. Costello, its first man-
ager, after visiting Russia and European
countries, to establish connections with rev-
olutionary organizations, was deported from
England (1920) as a Red. Louis P. Loch-
ner took charge of the Berlin office used
as a publicity outlet by the Third Inter-
national of Moscow; Carl Haessler sup-
planted Costello as manager from 1922
on; in 1927 members of the Federated Press
executive board were Earl Browder and
Arne Swabeck of the executive committee
of the Communist Party, W. Maloney,
Joseph Schlossberg, Phil Ziegler, John
McGivney, Math Tenhunen (prominent
Communist), Albert F. Coyle and Frank
Palmer; in order to collect funds to aid
the Federated Press, a Federated Press
League was organized in Chicago, Feb. 4,
1922, with Robert Morss Lovett as pres-
ident. Wm. Z. Foster was then a member
of the executive board of the Federated

The Chicago office of Carl Haessler and
the Federated Press is (1933) also the office
of the A.C.L.U. Chgo. Committee, the
Chgo. Com. for Struggle Against War, the
Acme News Syndicate and the "Institute
for Mortuary Research" (whatever that
is), of which Haessler is director.

Fed. Unemp. Org. Cook Co.

A Communist-officered committee with
hdqts. at 1910 South Kedzie Ave., Chicago,
and, according to its letterhead, "Affiliated
to the National Federation of Unemployed
Workers Leagues of America" (Borders') ;
a letter dated July 12, 1933, signed by the
Communist chairman, Karl Lochner, was
addressed "To All Workers Organizations in
Cook County," and said in part: "The
newly organized Federation of Unemployed
Organizations of Cook County is organiz-
ing a Hunger March to force an answer
from the bosses for next July 26th. . . .
We want your organization to endorse this
march, to participate in it under your
own signs and banners, and to help popu-
larize it. ... Further, this action will
require the issuing of a great deal of pub-
licity matter at considerable expense. We

want to ask your organization to help us
in this by making a generous donation.
We can send you speakers for meetings.
You can get publicity material from our
headquarters after July 19. Fraternally
yours, Karl Lochner."

This letterhead lists as officers:
Chmn., Karl Lochner, Unemployed Council (of
Communist Party) ; vice chmn., Bernard Klein,
Chicago Workers Committee (Expelled Local No.
2); secretary, L. Armstrong, Unemployed Coun-
cil; treas., J. Kasper, Chicago Workers Committee
on Unemployment; exec, com.; Harry D. Weiser,
Melting Pot League of America; G. Reeves, Un-
employed Council; May Delin, Women's Com-
mittee, Unemployed Council; Albert Simon, Chi-
cago Workers Committee (Expelled Local No. 2);
Norman Satir, Workers League of America (of
communist Proletarian Party); Paul Tucker, Un-
employed Council; O. Heckner, Single Men's
Committee, Unemployed Council.


Fed. Unemp. Wkrs. Lgs. Am.

A communist-I.W.W.-controlled "united
front" federation of unemployed organ-
izations first organized all over the U.S.
in 1932-33 by Karl Borders, who also
headed it as nat. chmn. until its national
convention, held at Lincoln Center, Chi-
cago, May 13-15, 1933, at which time
Tom Dixon (of the Proletarian Party's
(Communist) "Workers Leagues") be-
came nat. chmn.; A. Guss (of the
Communist Party's "Unemployed Coun-
cils") became vice chmn.; Eddy Statt-
man (organizer of I.W.W. "Unem-
ployed Unions") became treas.; George
Leach (of Border's "Chicago Workers Com-
mittee on Unemployment" (chmn. Local
34) ) became sec. The I.W.W., Proletarian
and various Communist parties are, of
course, all openly revolutionary bodies.
An executive committee was also elected
consisting of Hugo Oehler (of the nat.
exec. com. of the Communist League,
known as "Trotskyites," and representa-
tive of the Unemployed Unions of Gillespie
111., center of recent Communist agitation
and hdqts. of the Progressive Miners
Union) ; Warren Lamson (chmn. of the
Communist Cook County, 111. "Unemployed
Councils," teacher at the Chicago Workers
School of revolution) ; Zimmerman of the
Proletarian Party's (Communist) "Workers
Leagues"; V. Didwell (of People's Council
of Bellingham) ; D. Harrington (of United
Producers of Wash.) ; Wm. R. Truax of
the "Unemployed Citizens Leagues" of the
Conference for Progressive Labor Action
(militant left-wing-Socialist, Communist-


The Red Network

cooperating "Musteites") ; Lore (of the
S. E. Missouri "Unemployed Leagues" of
the same Conference for Progressive Labor
Action) ; Welsh (of the N.Y. "Association
of Unemployed" of the Communist Party
(opposition) "Lovestoneites") ; Mattock
(of the Proletarian Party's (Communist)
"Workers Leagues") ; Conners (of the
Allen County, Indiana "Unemployed Assn."
of the Communist Party (opposition)

The "New Frontier" (April 19, 1933),
organ of the Chicago Workers Committee
on Unemployment, which was also organ-
ized by Karl Borders, stated: "Jobless
leagues throughout the country have been
asked by the Federation of Unemployed
Workers Leagues of America to send dele-
gates to a convention in Chicago, May 13-
15. The Workers Committee on Unemploy-
ment and the Workers League, Chicago
branches of the Federation, have agreed
to act as hosts. They will feed and lodge
the delegates. Sessions will be held at Lin-
coln Center, 700 Oakwood Blvd."

The May 3, 1933 issue said: "Federation
Still Growing Affiliations are still coming
in daily. The list now includes:

"Chicago Workers Committee; Workers League
of America (branches in Chicago, Buffalo, and Los
Angeles) ; Racine County Workers' Committee on
Unemployment; Downers Grove Unemployed Coun-
cil; Unemployed Citizens' League of Michigan
(branches at Detroit, Lansing, Owosso, Battle
Creek, Bay City, Grand Rapids); Unemployed
Citizens' League of St. Louis; Arbeiter Kultur
Sport Verein; Waukegan Cooperative Unemploy-
ment League; Dayton Cooperative Production
Units; Eastern Ohio Unemployed Leagues (18
branches) ; Unemployment League of Des Moines
County; Houston Unemployment League; Com-
munity Cooperative Farms (Visalia, Cal.); Mem-
phis Unemployed Citizens' League; South Bend
Unemployed Council; Buffalo League of the)
Unemployed; Indianapolis Unemployment League;
People's Unemployment League of Maryland;
Unemployed Union of Boston; Tenants and Un-
employed League of Washington, D.C.; Socialist
Unemployed Union of Richmond, Virginia;
Workers' Unemployed Leagues of New York;
United Men and Women Workers of Terre Haute;
Dauphin County (Pa.) Workers' Committee on
Unemployment; Unemployed League of New
Bedford, Mass.; Summit County (Ohio) Workers'
League; Fall River Unemployed Union; New
York Workers' Committee on Unemployment;
Unemployed Union of New Jersey."


Fed. Unemp. Wkrs. Lgs. N.Y.

Federated Feb. 1933 as part of the Fed-
erated Unemployed Workers Leagues of
America (see) ; associated in New York
with the Y.M.C.A., Y.M.H.A., Urban
League, N.A.A.C.P.; Committee (as an-

nounced in the Communist press): Paul
Blanshard, Fannia Cohn, Heywood Broun,
Rose Schneidermann, Morris Hillquit,
Walter Frank, Arthur Garfield Hays, Freda
Kirch wey, Morris Ernst, J. Howard Melish,
Bishop Francis J. McConnell, Rabbi
Stephen Wise, John Haynes Holmes.


Fell. Christ. Soc. Order

Merged about 1929 with the Fellowship
of Reconciliation; Kirby Page was chair-
man of the executive committee.


"Be ye not unequally yoked together with un-
believers; for what fellowship hath righteousness
with unrighteousness? and what communion hath
light with darkness?" (II Corinth., 6:14.)

Like the Reconciliation Trips (see) of
the Fell. Recon., it seeks to propagandize
the anti-national internationalism and
"reconciliation" of all races and creeds into
one, or none, that is part of the program
of Communism and Socialism. "How Ex-
pand Patriotism into World Consciousness"
is a typical program subject. Speakers for
the debasing and degrading Hindu,
Mohammedan, Pagan and Agnostic Cults
are placed in "fellowship" and on an equal
footing with speakers for Jesus Christ.
The audiences chant a mixture of prayers
and ritual from all of these. The savage
Mohammedan call of the muezzin as heard
in darkest Asia is mingled with the propa-
ganda of the Hindu, Jew and agnostic.
Negro choirs and performers give an inter-
racial touch to the meetings. This jumbling
of contradictory beliefs leads only to con-
fusion and unbelief, and robs Jesus Christ
of His rightful place as the Light of this
World. Its bulletins were handed out by
the Communist booksellers at the A.S.
C.R.R.-L.I.D. Brookhart-Fish debate Mar.
21, 1932. Ignorance of the purposes of its
radical sponsors enables it to draw in
numerous non-radical dupes who see only
the supposed beauty of "fellowship" and
"brotherly love" (with paganism).

Radicals of all hues addressed its World
Fellowship of Faiths Parliament, held in
Chicago, Aug. 27 to Sept. 17, 1933, includ-
ing Raja Jai Bahadur Singh of India",
"founder of the Humanistic Club," an
atheistic movement, W. P. Hapgood, Rabbi
Hillel Silver, Dean Roscoe Pound, Karl
Borders, James M. Yard, Philip LaFol-
lette, Carl D. Thompson, Rosika Schwim-
mer, Jesse H. Holmes, Charlotte Perkins
Oilman, Jabez T. Sunderland of A. Lin-

Organizations, Etc.


coin Center "Unity," Rabbi Chas. E. Shul-
man, Eliz. Oilman, Curtis Reese, Mary E.
McDowell, Mrs. M. H. Ford (Bahaist
speaker), Margaret Sanger ("Crusading
Freethinker"), Ex-Sen. Brookhart, Benj. C.
Marsh, Norman B. Barr, etc., etc.

The speaker for the Parliament at two
sessions was the unfrocked "Bishop" Wm.
Montgomery Brown, author of atheist
books for children and head of the commu-
nist W.I.R., which runs the anti-religious
Red revolutionary Young Pioneer camps.
He sacrilegiously wore a Bishop's tunic
with a cross. To quote from the Bulletin
of Advisory Associates: "Brown soon
launched into a glorification of Soviet Rus-
sia stating there was one place in the
world where they had dared to end the
exploitation of man. ... He said that in
Russia science had replaced supernatural-
ness and religion was gradually being
stamped out and that the new generation
being reared there was free from the old
shackles of religious beliefs in God in the
skies . . . that the youth were not per-
mitted to have their minds filled with
reverence for abstract deities up in the
skies and that science was replacing
religion for the new generation. ... He
said that the U.S.S.R. was just the fore-
runner of an international Communist state
which would gradually absorb all capitalist
states which were gradually decaying away.
Brown said that the only way to attain
this international Communist state was
through revolution and that he used the
term advisedly knowing full well the cost
attached to revolution but that the results
were worth all. He said that the present
corrupt and decayed capitalist systems must
be torn down in order to build wholly
anew, and that if any government, church
or institution opposed or stood in the way
of the attainment of this Communist state,
they must be ruthlessly overthrown and

"These utterly seditious remarks were
received with enthusiastic applause by the
audience and as he stressed his various
points many of the audience could be seen
vigorously nodding their heads in approval.
In concluding his remarks 'Bishop' Brown
said that if world unity were to be attained
it must be through International Commu-
nism and could be arrived at by banishing
the Gods from the Skies and capitalists
from the Earth (his slogan) and then, and
only then, would there exist a complete
World Fellowship of Faiths.

"His conclusion was greeted with a wild
round of applause. Charles Frederick

Weller then arose and Brown was asked
to repeat his concluding remarks, which
he did. Then Weller thanked the 'Bishop'
for his 'stirring' message and said that the
audience, irrespective of individual view-
points, could not help but admire the
courage and stirring quality of 'Bishop'
Brown's message and he was sure that
others felt the same as he did, that they
had been of the same belief as Brown for
some time but did not have the courage
to come out and admit it and he wanted
to say at this time that he was in thorough
agreement with the sentiments as expressed
by 'Bishop' Brown."

This Chas. F. Weller and Kedarnath Das Gupta
are the "General Executives'' of the Fellowship of
Faiths, with hdqts. at Room 320, 139 N. Clark
St., Chicago. Das Gupta is "one of the three
General Executives of the Threefold Movement
Fellowship of Faiths, Union of East and West,
League of Neighbors."

"National Committee of 300": Hon. Pres.:
Jane Addams; Vice Presidents: Newton D.
Baker, Prof. John Dewey, Glenn Frank, Dr. John
A. Lapp, Dr. R. A. Millikan, Frank Murphy
(Gov. of the Philippines), Chester Rowell, Mary
Woolley; Chmn., Bishop Francis J. McConnell;
Vice Chairmen: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Prof.

Online LibraryElizabeth Kirkpatrick DillingThe red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots → online text (page 23 of 59)