Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Dilling.

The red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots online

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E. R. A. Seligman, Patrick Henry Callahan.

"Chicago Committee of 200": Chmn., Dr.
Ernest F. Tittle; Vice Chairmen: Dr. Preston
Bradley, Dr. Albert Buckner Coe. Other Chicago
Committee members are: Dr. Chas. Gilkey, chmn.
South Side; Rev. Irwin St. John Tucker, chmn.
Northwest Side; Rev. E. F. Tittle, chmn. North
Shore; Chas. Clayton Morrison, Chmn. Chicago
general committee; Rabbi Chas. E. Shulman,
James Mullenbach, Rabbi S. Felix Mendelsohn,
Chandra Seena Gooneratne (see China Com-
mittees), Thos. W. Allinson (father of Brent
Dow), W. Frank McClure, Frank Orman Beck
(Recon. Trips), Mrs. B. F. Langworthy, Rev.
Norman Barr, and the following who are also
A.C.L.U. committeemen: Rabbi Louis L. Mann,
Mary McDowell, Robt. Morss Lovett, Fred Atkins
Moore, Horace J. Bridges, A. Eustace Haydon,
Amelia Sears, Curtis Reese, Wm. H. Holly, Clar-
ence Darrow, Jane Addams (an A.C.L.U. founder),
etc., etc.

Communist Brown's talks before the Fell.
Faiths 1933 Parliament in Chgo. are now
printed and being advertised by him in
his atheist children's book. They are
entitled "Communism the New Faith for
the New World" (price lOc, Bradford
Brown Edu. Co., Galion, Ohio). He calls
them "Two outspoken appeals on behalf
of communism."


Fell. Recon.

A radical-"pacifist" organization of about
10,000 members employing Christian terms
to spread communistic propaganda; con-
ducts Reconciliation Trips (see) ; widely
circulated, in 1932, petitions for Recog-
nition of Russia (see) ; affiliated with
socialist Pioneer Youth of America; a sec-


The Red Network

tion of the ultra-radical War Resisters
International; sponsored the Lane Pam-
phlet against military training for the pub-
lication and distribution of which the red
Garland Fund spent $5,400; a supporting
organization, in conjunction with revolu-
tionary Communist, I.W.W. and Socialist
bodies, of the communist-called and con-
trolled Congresses Against War (U.S., Stu-
dent, World Congress of Youth) ; its
executive secretary, J. B. Matthews, took
an active part in these Congresses either
as chairman, speaker, or organizer. I heard
him cheered at the huge communist
Mooney meeting, May 1, 1933, when he
expressed his friendship and solidarity with
the Reds and said he wished Mooney's
chances of getting out of jail were as good
as his were of leaving the Socialist for the
Communist Party. His selection as co-
chairman, with Communist Donald Hender-
son, of the U.S. Congress Against War, to
preside over the two platforms from which
the Communist Party's outstanding revo-
lutionary agitators were to speak was an
"honor" indicating reciprocal esteem for
him on their part. The Feb. 1933 issue of
"Student Outlook" (militant Socialist
L.I.D. organ), of which he is editor, stated
that he is "not oppjsed to a war that
would end capitalism" (for his further
remarks see under Student Congress).
Henri Barbusse, Tom Mann, Earl Browder,
Michael Gold, "Mother" Bloor, Jack
Stachel, all Communist leaders, and J. B.
Matthews were the speakers at the dinner
given in honor of Tom Mann's arrival from
England, Oct. 6, 1933, at Hotel Paramount,
N.Y. City.

A Fell. Recon. leaflet stating the position
and purpose of the Fell. Recon. admon-
ishes: "Position A. Keep Central and
Typical the Reference to Jesus" in order
"to influence churches and the Christian
Student Movement and to secure their
cooperation in spreading radical Christian
views on war economics and race issues"
and "for demonstrating left-wing Christian-
ity" as "hitherto our leadership and sup-
port have come mainly from Christian
sources. These sources especially have
made possible the extension of our work
in Europe, Central America, and Southern
United States" (quoted in first article on
Pacifism). .

It sponsored and called the conference
for the communist All-America Anti-
Imperialist League at Wash., B.C., Oct.
29-30, 1926 (Federated Press, Oct. 21,
1926). It is one of the branches of the
International Fellowship of Reconciliation

which originated in Holland about 1914.
The American branch was organized 1917
by Norman Thomas aided by his fellow
radicals Jane Addams, Harry Ward, Emily
Greene Balch, Jessie W. Hughan, W. Rau-
shenbush, Oswald G. Villard, etc., later
joined by Scott Nearing, Anna Rochester,
Paul Jones, John Nevin Sayre, etc. It
participates in International War Resisters
(see) conferences.

The International Fellowship of Recon-
ciliation conference, held at Lyons, France,
Aug. 29, 1929, issued a pamphlet, widely
distributed by the American branch. It is
entitled "Christ and the Class War" and
states: "We are agreed in our conviction
that the class war is a fact; that, whether
we will or not, each one of us is involved;
that, as a Fellowship, we must work
toward a radical reorganization of society" ;
recommendations for activity include:
"Joining political movements which aim at
the replacement of private capitalism by
a system of collective ownership" (Com-
munism-Socialism) ; "aiding movements
for the freeing of exploited colonial peoples
from alien control by imperialist powers,
for opposing race discrimination," (same
as revolutionary Socialist-Communist prop-
aganda), "supporting movements for dis-
armament, the abolition of compulsory
military service and the settlement of
conflicts by judicial method or conciliation
realizing that so long as military force is
maintained for possible international war
there is grave danger that it will be used
in the class war" (the very meat of Social-
ist-Communist so-called "pacifism") ; "We
urge on Fellowship members the study of
the experiment of Soviet Russia in relation
to the class struggle and in those countries
which do not yet recognize the Soviet
Union we urge them to support efforts to
establish normal diplomatic relations" (with
the Soviet Union which aims for world
bloody revolution); etc. 1933 Chairman:
Reinhold Niebuhr (the Marxian, also U.S.
Congress Speaker).

Executive Secretaries: J. B. Matthews and John
Nevin Sayre; Secretary: For South, Howard A.
Kester; for Latin America, Chas. A. Thomson;
for Industry, Chas. C. Webber; Vice Chairmen:
Adelaide T. Case, Edmund B. Chaffee, Kirby
Page; Treas. Wm. C. Biddle; Asst. Treasurers:
James M. Boyd and Tucker P. Smith; Chmn.
Exec. Com. Wm. C. Bowen.

National Council members whose terms expired
1929: Jane Addams, Don M. Chase, Elmer Cope,
Juliette Derricotte, Carol Hyde, A. J. Muste,
James Myers, Roy Newton, Wm. B. Spofford.
Grace Watson, Theresa Wilson; terms exnired
1928: Devere Allen, Kath. Ashworth Baldwin,
Roger Baldwin, Gilbert Beaver. Helena Dudley,
Benj. Gerig, Harold Hatch, Caroline LaMonte.
Scott Nearing, Edw. Richards, Galen Russell,

Organizations, Rtc.


Tucker P. Smith, Chas. Webber. Recent execu-
tives: A. J. Muste (militant labor agitator and
Socialist), Paul Jones, George Collins, Amy
Blanche Greene, etc.

European headquarters: 2126 Doubler-
gasse, Vienna; 17 Red Lion Square, W.C.I.,
London. New York City hdqts., until
recently, 383 Bible House Astor Place, now
29 Broadway.


Fell. Recon. Pet. Russ. Recog.

A petition headed "For the Recognition
of Soviet Russia" circulated in 1932 by the
Fellowship of Reconciliation, in behalf of
the Soviet government, which proudly
announces that it intends to overthrow
ours by bloody Red terror and Commu-
nist revolution, stated: "In the interests
of World Peace and as a measure of mutual
economic advantage I urge the immediate
recognition of the Soviet government of
Russia by the United States." The letter
inclosed with this petition stated that
"shortly after the November election" the
petition would be presented to the Presi-
dent-elect" and was signed by J. B.
Matthews, as exec, sec., who is so promi-
nently featured as speaker at Communist
affairs in company with Communist Party
leaders. Attached was the following list
headed: "The following college and uni-
versity presidents have signed this request":

W. A. Neilson, Smith Coll.; Marion E. Park,
Bryn Mawr Coll.; Ellen F. Pendleton, Wellesley
Coll.; G. Bromley Oxnam, DePauw U.; Horace
D. Taft, The Taft Sch.; John Hope, Atlanta U.;
Daniel W. Morehouse, Drake U.; H. C. Bedford,
Penn. Coll.; J. A. C. Chandler, William and
Mary Coll.; Earl E. Harper, Evansville Coll.;
Howell A. King, U. of Baltimore; M. H. Knud-
sen, Snow Coll.; Clyde L. Lyon, Eureka Coll.;
Henry T. Moore, Skidmore Coll.; Earl A. Road-
man, Dak. Wesleyan U.; Chas. J. Smith, Roanoke
Coll.; Paul F. Voelker, Battle Creek Coll.; John
H. Wood, Culver-Stockton Coll.; Paul H. Buch-
ho!z, U. of Dubuque; Arlo Ayres Brown, Drew
U.; W. J. Hutchins, Berea Coll.; W. Douglas
Mackenzie, Hartford Sem.; F. E. Eiselen, Gar-
rett Bibl. Inst.; Arthur E. Morgan, Antioch
Coll.; Wallace W. Attwood, Clark U.; I, N.
McGash, Phillips U.; W. H. Hall, Wilmington
Coll.; William T. Holmes, Tougaloo Coll.; H. L.
Kent, N. M. Coll. of Agr. and Mech. Arts;
Lucien Koch, Commonwealth Coll.; Robt. Wil-
liams, Ohio Northern U.; C. P. McClelland,
MacMurray Coll.; W. O. Mendenhall, Friends U.;
Margaret S. Morriss, Pembroke Coll.; Wm. H.
Powers, S.D. State Coll.; John O. Spencer, Mor-
gan Coll.; Wm. J. Wilkinson, Colby Coll.; Harry
A. Garfield, Williams Coll.; Daniel L. Marsh,
Boston U.; Henry Sloane Coffin, Union Theol.
Sem. ; Thomas E. Jones, Fisk Univ. ; Henry J.
Doenmann, U. of Toledo; Wm. Pearson Tolley,
Allegheny Coll.; B. I. Bell, St. Stephens Coll.;
Harvey N. Davis, Stevens Inst.; Ralph K. Hickok,
Western Coll.; O. E. Kriege, New Orleans U.;

H. L. McCrorey, Johnson C. Smith tT.; John S.
Nollen, Grinnell Coll.; Albert B. Storms, Bald-
win-Wallace Coll.; Robert E. Blackwell, Ran-
dolph-Macon Coll.; Albert W. Palmer, Chicago
Theol. Sem.; Ernest H. Wilkins, Oberlin Coll.;
W. P. Behan, Ottawa U.; Norman F. Coleman,
Reed Coll.; Franklin S. Harris, Brigham Young
U.; V. F. Schwalin, McPherson Coll.; C. W.
Tenney, Gooding Coll.; Arthur Braden, Tran-
sylvania U.

Some of the 350 Professors who signed are:
Earle Eubank, Cincinnati U.; Jerome Davis, Yale
U.; Gordon W. Allport, Harvard U.; Ernest F.
Tittle, Garrett Bibl. Inst.; T. V. Smith, U. of
Chgo.; Daniel A. Prescott, Gen. Edu. Bel.; H. A.
Overstreet, City Coll. of N.Y.; Paul Monroe,
Teachers Coll.; Frederick Efershuer, Butler U.;
Charles P. Rowland, Yale U.; Charles W. Gil-
key, U. of Chgo.; D. F. Fleming, Vanderbilt U.;
John Dewey, Columbia U.; Zechariah Chafee,
Harvard U.; Benj. H. Williams, U. of Pitts.;
Ida Sitler, Hollins Coll.; Ernest Minor Patterson,
U. of Pa.; Reinhold Niebuhr, Union Theol.
Sem.; James C. Miller, U. of Pa.; Robert Morss
Lovett, U. of Chgo.; S. Ralph Harlow, Smith
Coll.; Arthur N. Holcombe, Harvard U.; Her-
bert F. Fraser, Swarthmore Coll.; Stephen P.
Duggan, Inst of Intl. Edu.; John R. Commons,
Wis. U.; Thomas Woody, U. of Pa.; Edwin R A
Seligman, Columbia U.; 0. Myeing Niehus, No.
Tchrs. Coll.; Edward C. Lindeman, N.Y. Sch. of
Soc. Wk.; Hugh Hartshorne, Yale U.- Wm
Trufant Foster, Pollak Found.; Horace A. Eaton,
Syracuse U.; Phillip W. L. Cox, N.Y. U.; Henry
Nelson Wieman, U. of Chgo.; Alva W. Taylor,
Vanderbilt U.; Wm. F. Russell, Columbia U.;
Paul Jones, Antioch Coll.; Wm. H. Kilpatrick,
Columbia U. Tchrs. Coll.; Harry Emerson Fos-
dick, Union Theol. Sem.; Harold U. Faulkner,
Smith Coll.



A Union Theological Seminary (see)


Became the Youth Section of the Fellow-
ship of Reconciliation, about 1928.


Formerly published the Socialist "World
Tomorrow" and rec'd. money from the
Garland Fund for this purpose.


Section of the Revolutionary Writers
Federation (Communist).

A Communist Party affiliated group.


Affiliated with the Workers and Farmers
Cooperative Alliance of the communist


Of the Communist Party Foreign Lan-
guage Groups (see) ; includes Finnish


The Red Network

Workers Clubs, Finnish Women's Club
(Chicago), and groups in various cities;
conducted Young Pioneer Camp at Lake
Zurich, 111. 1933; its publishing plant in
N.C. City printed the "Pioneer Song Book"
for Young Pioneers 1933.


1st Am. Tr. Un. Delg. to Russia

In Aug.-Sept. 1927; was exulted over
by the Communist Party; repudiated and
denied the sanction of the A.F. of L. be-
cause of its communistic character; its
trip was reported for the Federated Press
and Daily Worker; its first report "Russia
After Ten Years" was published by the
communist International Publishers; its
later report entitled "Soviet Russia in the
Second Decade" sold by Communist book
stores and recommended by the Soviet
Union Information Bureau (see Mar. 1931
issue of its official publication "Soviet
Union Review") ; this book report was
edited by Stuart Chase, Rex. Tugwell and
Communist Robert W. Dunn, fellow mem-
bers of the delegation, and is a mass of
misleading communistic propaganda; Frank
P. Walsh, counsel for the expedition in a
letter soliciting funds, dated July 12, 1927
(reproduced in the Better America Fed-
eration Bulletin of July 27, 1927) said
in part:

"Dear Comrade: We are running into strong
opposition from the reactionary president, Wm.
Green, of the A.F. of L., who has learned about
our planned mission to Russia and has refused to
this date to sanction and authorize our commission
to be a representative body of the A.F. of L."
(gives names of members, etc.). "We have
picked these men personally and there is no
danger of sabotaging the mission by any one of
the delegation's rostrum, for the majority is in
our hands. However. 1 do expect opposition from
Johnson, Ziegler" (these evidently did not go)
"and Fitzpatrick but since I am the Counsel for
the mission you may trust the rest to me. The
American Trade Union Delegation . . . feels
justified in calling upon all persons outside the
ranks of the organized labor movement to defray
the cost of pur traveling expenses and of cover-
ing the publication of our report. . . . Knowing
your relations with the Liberal movement of Cali-
fornia especially with Mrs. K. C. Gartz" (see
this "Who's Who") "I am forced to ask you
for financial contribution to the amount of at
least $5,000, which I figure should be California's
contribution to this greatest of all undertakings
for the cause of Russia. . . . Remember we need
$20,000 and by the end of July. For cooperation,
Sincerely Yours, Frank P. Walsh, Counsel, The
American Trades Union Mission to Russia."

Efforts of the Delegation to pose as offi-
cially representative of the A.F. of L. were
quickly spiked by Wm. Green, President
of the A.F. of L., who on May 27 issued
a statement asserting in part:

"For the purpose of relieving any wrong public
impression which may prevail, this delegation is
not clothed with authority to speak for American
labor, or for the American Federation of Labor."
(Chicago Tribune, May 28, 1927).

At the Workers Party (the name of the
Communist Party at that time) Cenvention
held Sept. 1927 in N.Y. City, Jay Love-
stone, then national secretary of the Com-
munist Party, called special attention to
the fact that the Communists had been able
over the protest of the A.F. of L. to send
a "labor" delegation to Soviet Russia
(Marvin Data Sheets) ; during the tour
Frank Palmer (see this "Who's Who")
wrote reports for the Federated Press, the
first from aboard ship appearing in the
"Federated Press Labor Letter," August
18, 1927, and headed "Labor Mission on
Way to Europe and Russia"; the Daily
Worker published an article Oct. 12, 1927,
after their return, headed "Palmer Praises
Labor in U.S.S.R."; in 1930 Palmer was
made field secretary of the Chicago A.C.
L.U. committee headed by Arthur Fisher,
a fellow delegation member and president
of the A.C.L.U. Chicago branch. Fisher
is a Winnetka neighbor of Carleton Wash-
burne of the delegation, who is Supt. of
Winnetka Public Schools.

The book report "Soviet Russia in the
Second Decade a Joint Survey by the
Technical Staff of the First American Trade
Union Delegation, edited by Stuart Chase,
Robt. Dunn and Rexford Guy Tugwell,"
lists as labor members of the American
Trade Union Delegation to the Soviet
Union: James H. Maurer, John Brophy,
Frank L. Palmer, Albert F. Coyle, James
W. Fitzpatrick; and as "technical staff"
members: Stuart Chase, Robt. W. Dunn,
Jerome Davis, George S. Counts, Rexford
Guy Tugwell, Paul H. Douglas, Arthur
Fisher, Carleton Washburne (all listed in
this "Who's Who") and a few other pro-
Soviets ; the preface states that "The mem-
bers of the party did not travel or work
singly and at all stages of the tour there
was discussion and exchange of experience.
. . . Some of us were in Russia for over
two months, one or two remained only a
fortnight. We visited Moscow, Leningrad
and then split into five small parties. .^ . .
Collectively we interviewed the most im-
portant figures in the country, including
Stalin, Menjhinsky, Kalinin, Chicherin,
Lunacharsky, Schmidt, Trotsky," etc.

Washburne in his section of the book on
"Soviet Education" says, p. 305: "This
study was made unfortunately in August
(1927) when most schools were not in
session. . . . This fact, the shortness of the

Organizations, Etc.


time available and the necessity of talking
through interpreters constitute the prin-
cipal and most serious limitations of the
study"; yet, he sympathetically says on
the same page: "We almost never felt any
attempt to suppress unfavorable facts or to
exaggerate favorable ones" (!) and feels
able to enthuse on p. 306 that "Today
Soviet Russia as a whole probably has
the most modern and progressive school
program and methods of any country in
the world," a conclusion labeled as just
pure "bunkum" by those unbiased by com-
munistic sympathies.

Washburne's "alibi" for his membership
in this delegation (see North Shore Topics,
Winnetka, Apr. 7, 1933) was: "I was
crossing the Atlantic to speak to an Edu-
cational Conference in Locarno, Switz., in
the summer of 1927. On the same ship were
some university professors who had been
asked by a group of trade unionists to
make an unbiased study of the situation in
Russia." (Note Walsh's letter) "They had
no one to study Russian schools and asked
if I would go with them and do this job."
As a matter of fact, George S. Counts,
Washburne's associate in the Progressive
Edu. Assn., and a member of this staff,
writes the companion section of the book
on education, of which Washburne in his
part says: "This section of the report
confines itself to what is called in Russia
'Social Education' the regular education
of children from 3 to 16 or 17 years of age.
Prof. Counts' report takes up the other
phases of education higher education, fac-
tory schools, the abolition of illiteracy,

Communist T.U.U.L. union; 4 W. 18th
St., N.Y. City.

"To get the boys out of the trenches
by Christmas," according to its slogan;
organized by Rosika Schwimmer with
Louis P. Lochner acting as general secre-
tary ; financed by Henry Ford, who not
only paid all expenses of the exposition
but handsome honorariums to the delegates
besides; sailed on Oscar II, the Peace Ship
Dec. 4, 1915; the Lusk Report says:
"Among the passengers ... we find the
names of some thirty-odd men and women
afterward active in furthering 'peace' pro-
German or inter-nationalist movements,
many of whom are active revolutionaries
today"; Jane Addams whose place because
of illness was taken by Emily Balch, Wm.

C. Bullitt "well-known radical" (adviser
of U.S. State Dept. and now Ambassador
to Soviet Russia), Lola Maverick Lloyd
and her brother Lewis Maverick, Carl D.
Thompson, etc., are listed among members
"afterwards active in radical movements."
Altho Ford and Lochner finally broke,
"Lochner considered a great deal had been
gained for the cause through the Ford
Party. . . . The 'Conference of Neutral
Internationalists and Pacifists' entirely
financed by Mr. Ford was held in Stock-
holm from about March to July, 1917"
(two years later) ; "Miss Balch was
appointed to organize an American Neutral
Conference Committee in New York on
her return; the Central Organization for a
Durable Peace was enriched by at least
$2,000," etc., "though the Ford Peace trip
was generally ridiculed as the irresponsible
venture of nebulous dreamers, Lochner and
Mme. Schwimmer had in the undertaking
a perfectly practical object. This was to
effect a powerful international 'Conference
of Neutrals' to which the Ford Pilgrims
were to be delegates and the foreign dele-
gates of the Central Organization for a
Durable Peace a sort of steering Com-
mittee. . . . Miss McMillan is still an officer
of the International Suffrage Alliance; and
Mme. Schwimmer has had the distinction
of being the first Bolshevik Ambassador
from Hungary to Switzerland in 1919, her
career being cut short by the fall of Bela
Kun . . . perhaps then the Ford Peace
Party may have served a useful purpose
not generally understood."


The Communist Party central committee
operates about 16 Bureaus which control
foreign language federations of Lettish,
Italian, Hungarian, Finnish, Chinese,
Ukrainian, Czechoslovak, Albanian, Polish,
Jaivish, Esthonian, Lithuanian, Russian,
Spanish, Armenian, Japanese groups. Each
federation is composed of various "Work-
ers" clubs, cultural and insurance societies,
etc., called "mass organizations," officered
and controlled by "Party fractions" (or
"nuclei" of Party members). These "frac-
tions" hold separate meetings and are
expected to control, in accordance with
instructions, the "mass" group. The Fed-
eration pays a per capita membership fee
to the Communist Party as a federation.
Many of the federation members are not
individual members of the Party. The
policy in fact of the Communist Party is
that all party members must be active
Party workers and organizers and control


The Red Network

from ten to fifty or more non-party mem-
bers each by officering and boring from
within mass groups in order to influence,
bring and hold these groups under Com-
munist control. Each federation has a
secretary and an official Communist pub-
lication in its own language. A secretary
of all the federations directs activities from
N.Y. City. There are 8 daily foreign
language Communist newspapers published
in the United States and, besides the pub-
lications of the foreign language fed-
erations named above, there are Greek,
Armenian, Bohemian, German, Bulgarian,
Rumanian, Portuguese, Slovak, Jugo Slav,
Yiddish, communist publications.

The "Party Organizer" (for Communist
Party members), June- July, 1930 issue,
page 10, in an article entitled "Short-
comings of Party Fractions in Language
Work," stated: "Reports given by 16
Language Bureaus of the Central Com-
mittee uncover many weaknesses in our
language fractions. . . . The fractions
directed by 16 bureaus and numbering
about 5000 Party members control organ-
izations having about 50,000 members.
About 800 Party members work among
140,000 workers in organizations in which
we have influence. . . . Work in small, Party
controlled organizations in which in some
cases the Party members are the majority
of those present at the meetings develop a
tendency of giving these organizations
almost a role of the Party, at least similar
political functions. ... A redistribution of
these forces so that most of the Party
members shall be organized in real mass
organizations for struggle against reaction,
for Party policies and leadership, is neces-

For. Pol. Assn.

Named in "Congressional Exposure of
Radicals" (see) as one of the organizations
interlocked by membership with the Ameri-
can Civil Liberties Union "that play into
the hands of the Communists"; it organ-
ized the National Council for Prevention
of War 1921; changed its own name from
League of Free Nations 1921; claims 11,000
members and stated in 1932: "Last year
41,000 men and women met at 108 meetings
in 19 cities"; in order to "educate public
opinion" conducts long series of radio
addresses, Institutes, study groups, discus-
sion meetings, luncheons, lectures; issues
pamphlets, maintains a "research staff." In
its 1932 pamphlet series such authors are

Online LibraryElizabeth Kirkpatrick DillingThe red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots → online text (page 24 of 59)