listed as Morris Hillquit, Paul Douglas,
John A. Ryan, Harry D. Gideonse, Geo.
H. Blakeslee (Am. Friends Peace Institute
faculty member at Evanston), Max East-
man, Maurice Hindus, George Soule, John
Dewey, Wm. E. Borah.
In an able and lengthy paper Matthew
Woll, vice pres. of the A.F. of L., in April
1929, referred to the Foreign Policy state-
ments favoring recognition of Russia and
its pamphlets prepared by Vera A. Micheles
(Dean) of the Foreign Policy research
staff, saying in part: "These pamphlets
are not merely partisan in adopting the
Soviet view on this question but by wholly
repressing important sections of the U.S.
documents quoted and by giving other
sections out of their context, have mis-
represented our State Dept. policy to the
point of presenting it as being the very
reverse of what it actually is."
James G. McDonald, who has been the
Foreign Policy Assn. chairman since 1919
and who gives radio addresses for the
Assn. about foreign affairs, in a speech
before the Phila. branch stated that Soviet
Russia wished to maintain peace, "But
intentions are hampered frequently by the
activities of the Russian Communist Party
and the Third International neither of
which the government has power to con-
trol." To this false statement, long used
by the Communists when trying to side
step retaliation for their own activities,
patriotic Ralph Easely retorted by show-
ing that the executive committees of the
Third International, the Soviet Government
and the Communist Party of Russia are
practically identical, Stalin, Buhkarin,
Tchitcherin, Rykoff, for example, being on
all three, also by quoting Pravda's official
statements concerning their plans for world
revolution. He commented on McDonald's
statement that he had never felt he knew
enough about alleged Bolshevik activities
in America to warrant the expression of a
positive opinion, by saying: "If you can
display such ignorance in the matter of
Red propaganda in a country where you
have lived for years, how reliable would
you be likely to be in telling what is hap-
pening in Europe and Asia where you spent
only a few months on a tour last summer?"
Francis Ralston Welsh says: "Of course
there are some respectable fronts in the
Foreign Policy Assn., of course they do not
realize what it is, and equally of course
it is the object of the Foreign Policy Assn.
to have respectable fronts as part of their
camouflage. There is no room for doubt
that it belongs in the class with the Amer-
ican Civil Liberties Union, the League for
Industrial Democracy, the Fellowship of
Reconciliation, the International League
for Peace and Freedom, the Peoples Lobby,
the National Popular Government League
and others of the sort as some of the well
camouflaged organizations of the American
Civil Liberties Union crowd which help
the Communist cause."
Among those on the national council are:
James G. McDonald, chmn., Jane Addams,
Stephen P. Duggan, Bishop Francis J. McConnell,
Wm. A. Neilson, Roscoe Pound, Rev. John A.
Ryan, Wm. Allen White, Wm. Scarlett, Capitalist
Thos. Lament (a member of the firm of J. P.
Morgan, international bankers, and father of
Corliss, who is a radical). Among the directors are
Mrs. Thos. Lament, Lillian D. Wald, Mrs. Henry
Goddard Leach, Paul U. Kellogg (chmn. finance
committee), Bruce Bliven of the New Republic,
Francis Biddle (signer of appeals for Sacco and
Vanzetti, whose verse was published in the Libera-
tor, of which his wife was a stockholder when Max
Eastman was editor), etc.
Branches are in Albany, N.Y., Baltimore, Bos-
ton, Buffalo, Columbus, Elmira, N.Y., Hartford,
Conn., Phila., Pittsburgh, Providence, R.I., Rich-
mond, Va., Rochester, N.Y., St. Paul, Minn.,
Springfield, Mass., Toledo, O., Utica, N.Y., Wor-
cester, Mass. National headquarters: 18 E.
41st St., N.Y. City.
FORWARD (JEWISH DAILY)
A Socialist publication; Abraham Cahan,
editor, N.Y. City.
Senator Lynn Frazier's proposal to
amend the Constitution of the U.S. so as
to disarm and render the U.S. virtually
defenseless; introduced for the third time
at U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee hear-
ing April 13, 1930; backed by the Women's
Peace Union, Women's International League
for Peace and Freedom, Fellowship of
Reconciliation, War Resisters International,
American Friends Service Committee, Pa.
Committee for Total Disarmament; the
Amendment reads: "War for any purpose
shall be illegal, and neither the U.S. nor
any state, territory, association or person
subject to its jurisdiction shall prepare for,
declare, engage in or carry on war or other
armed conflict, expedition, invasion or
undertaking within or without the U.S.
nor shall any funds be raised, appropriated
or expended for such purpose."
Anarchist-Communists that is, believers
in a cooperative society without state gov-
ernment. To quote from the Nov. 11, 1933
manifesto of the Chicago group:
"Nov. the llth marks an epoch in the
history of the working class in America . . .
four anarchists were hanged in Chicago.
. . . Forty-six years ago Nov. 1887 Par-
sons, Linng, Fischer, Spies, believed in a
society without the state ... the abolition
of private property, the abolition of the
state and the establishment of a masterless,
stateless society. They were anarchists. . . .
We the Free Society Group of Chicago,
followers of the ideal for which Parsons
and his comrades stood . . . pledge our-
selves to continue their noble and liber-
At the meeting at which this manifesto
was distributed, Ben Reitman spoke and
in answer to questions declared that he is
still an Anarchist. He read a letter from
his old amour, Emma Goldman, who
expressed hope of returning to the U.S.A.
under the Roosevelt administration. She
was planning to organize meetings in Can-
ada and meet the comrades from the
U.S.A. on Canadian soil meantime. Her
"slip of paper" marriage for the purpose
of giving her English citizenship would ad-
mit her to Canada. Ben criticized her for
being temporarily downhearted at her
exile from the U.S.A. and for her antagon-
ism toward Russia (which he favors) . Her
wonderful work for Anarchism should be
enough to keep her happy, he declared.
He said that he was most optimistic, after
having spoken in a Theological Seminary,
at Chicago University, and to a Methodist
group during the preceding week, at the
way the students and particularly the
theological students were coming along in
radicalism. The seizure of the whole Hor-
mel Plant at Austin, Minn., by red strikers
was another encouraging sign of the times,
M. Olay (Spanish anarchist) presided.
He represents the Chicago anarchists in
united front activities, such as the Ky.
Miners Def. and Relief Com. of the
I.W.W., Nat. Mooney Coun. of Action of
the Communists, etc., and as a contributor
to the book "Recovery Through Revolu-
The Chicago groups are conducting
weekly forums for the 4th year every
Sunday night at the socialist Workmen's
Circle school, 1241 N. California Ave.
Other anarchist forums (in English) are at:
Free Workers Center, 219 Second Ave., N.Y.
City, Harry Kelley in charge; Jack London Guild,
1057 Steiner St., near Golden Gate Ave., Friday
night forums, Clubrooms International Group,
2787 Folsom St., San Francisco, Cal.; Freedom
Forum every Thursday, at 224 S. Spring St.,
Hall 218, Los Angeles, Cal.; Roseland Edu-
cational Forum every Sunday, 2 :30 P.M., Dutch
Hall, 233 lllth St., Chicago; Cleveland, O.
Libertarian Forum, every Sunday night, Garment
The Red Network
American 1933 Anarchist publications: "Free-
dom," a monthly, 219 Second Ave., N.Y. City.
Harry Kelley, M. Jagendorf, editors; "The
Vanguard," N.Y. City; "Free Arbeiter Stimme,"
N.Y. City; "L'Adunata," Newark, N.J.J "Alba,"
Pitts., Pa.; "Man," San Francisco, Cal., 1000
Jefferson St., Marcus Graham, editor, "Culture.
Proletaria," N.Y. City; "Eresia," N.Y. City;
"Dielo Truda," Chicago.
FREETHINKERS OF AMERICA
National Atheist organization in New
York City linked with the International
Freethought Union of Europe; head-
quarters are with the Freethought Press
Association (for anti-religious books), and
the Eugenics Publishing Co. (for sex
literature of the most revolting type),
which have the same cable and street
address (317 E. 34th St., New York City,
formerly 250 W. 54th St.). The president
is Joseph Lewis, whose biography, written
by an admiring atheist, A. H. Rowland,
with introduction by Prof. H. E. Barnes,
is entitled "Joseph Lewis, Enemy of God."
Joseph Lewis threatened Mr. Wm. J.
O'Shea, Supt. Dept. Education, City of
New York, 59th and Park Ave., N.Y. City,
on Dec. 21, 1928, as follows:
"It is generally known that the practice pre-
vails, in the Public Schools of this City, of open-
ing the sessions by reading selections from a book
commonly known as 'The Bible,' together with
the singing of religious hymns,****
"As a resident of the City of New York, a
property owner and a taxpayer, I hereby notify
you that I demand that this illegal practice be
discontinued, and that the reading of 'The Bible,'
and all other religious exercises, in the schools,
"Unless this is promptly done, and I am
advised by you within the next 10 days, or two
weeks, that 'Bible' reading and psalm singing
in the Public Schools will be prohibited and ended,
I shall file a Taxpayer's Suit to enjoin this
(Signed) "Joseph Lewis,
The suit was filed and was being carried
on to the Supreme Court by the American
Civil Liberties Union (see) (May 3, 1932
issue "American Teacher"). One wonders
how minister members of the A.C.L.U.
can hold up their heads for shame who
presume to serve Jesus Christ and the Bible
while paying for and backing such a suit !
Officers: Pres. Joseph Lewis; 1st Vice-Pres.,
Dr. Charles A. Andrews; 2nd Vice-Pres., Garabed
Locke; Sec., J. G. Tallon; Treas., Julius Jano-
witz; Attorney, Maj. Joseph Wheless; Honorary
Vice-Presidents: J. F. D. Hoge, Herbert Asbury,
Rupert Hughes, Clarence Darrow, Clarence H.
Low, Prof. Ellen Hayes, Mme. Olga Petrova,
Phillip G. Peabody, Theodore Schroeder, Prof.
Harry Elmer Barnes, Mrs. Maude Ingersoll
To quote: "In recognition of Col. Robt.
G. Ingersoll's most noteworthy contri-
butions to the emancipation of mankind
from religious superstition," an "Inter-
national Committee" was formed by the
Freethinkers to collect funds for an Inger-
soll monument to be erected in Washing-
ton, D.C., and to stage a memorial cele-
bration during 1933, the hundredth anni-
versary of Ingersoll's birth. Maude Inger-
soll Probasco, chmn.; W. McLean Pro-
basco, treas. ; Jos. Lewis, sec. Officers of
The Am. Assn. for the Advancement of
Atheism assisted at the celebration and
served on the committee.
See Freethinkers of America; catalogue
lists 180 anti-religious books. Among these
are: "Twilight of Christianity," by Prof.
H. E. Barnes; "Infidels and Heretics," by
Clarence Darrow and Walter Rice; "To
the Pure," by Morris Ernst and Wm.
Seagle ("A study of obscenity and the
censor A valuable contribution to the
literature of Man's struggle with his sex
complex, and the efforts of organized
religion in politics to stifle his attempts to
acquire information") ; "The Mistakes of
Jesus," by Wm. Floyd; "Let Freedom
Ring," by Arthur Garfield Hays; "Joseph
Lewis, Enemy of God," by Arthur H.
Rowland (catalogue quotes preface by Prof.
H. E. Barnes, who calls Lewis "the most
aggressive and effective leader of irreligion
in America today" and adds: "Interesting
in every line this book by Mr. Rowland
(once a Methodist minister) makes clear
the aims and aspirations of Atheism as
expounded by Jos. Lewis") ; "The Bible
Unmasked," by Jos. Lewis ("Its analysis
of so many of the perversions, liaisons and
licentious escapades of biblical characters
is a brilliant and daring feat of honest
scholarship . . . despite the censorship
which has been placed on it in some coun-
tries notably Canada, where its sale is
still prohibited over 50,000 copies have
been printed"). (Author's note: I have
this disgusting obscene book which not
only portrays Christ as a bastard and Mary
as immoral but imputes immoral conduct
to the angels in visiting Mary) ; "The
Tyranny of God," by Jos. Lewis (". . . a
devastating attack on the theistic con-
ception of the universe. . . . Says Clarence
Darrow, The book is bold and true beyond
dispute. I wish I were the author.' ") ;
"Atheism What It Is, What It Means,"
by Jos. Lewis ("Rev. John Haynes Holmes,
famous minister of the Community Church
New York City calls it 'brilliant in the
extreme, altogether the best statement on
Atheism I have ever heard.' ") ; "If I were
God," by Dr. Wm. J. Robinson, who is a
sex writer for Eugenics Pub. Co. also
("Albert Einstein, the great discoverer of
the Theory of Relativity admires this book
so much that, as he wrote the author, a
copy is on his desk at all times. It is a
sweeping criticism of religion with its
bigotry and intolerance.") ; "Marriage and
Morals," by Bertrand Russell (containing
"sufficient dynamite to blast a carload of
ordinary sex popularizers from the face of
the earth. Mr. Russell deals most com-
petently and completely with practically
every ramification of sex and sex life.") ;
"Forgery in Christianity," by Maj. Jos.
Wheless (" . . . proves more than 1000
notorious frauds and forgeries in the
Bible") ; "Thinker or Believer," by W. H.
Williamson; "The History of Prostitution,"
by Dr. Wm. W. Sanger ("shows that this
social evil had its origin in obscure religious
rites . . . tends to prove that prostitutes
of our own times come generally from
those classes of society where religion is
taught most thoroughly and that prostitutes
themselves are generally ultra devout");
"My Fight for Birth Control," by Mar-
garet Sanger ("In this wonderful book
Margaret Sanger tells how she as a Cru-
sading Freethinker has struggled," etc.) ;
"Up from Methodism," by Herbert Asbury
(" . . . He is descended from a long line
of clergymen; one of his ancestors being
Bishop Francis Asbury, who founded the
American branch of the Methodist Church.
How Mr. Asbury rose above the faith of
his fathers is a story every American must
read") ; and "Bible Comically Illustrated
A book as good as a farce yet as instructive
as a schoolmaster. Both text and illustra-
tions help to expose the absurdities of the
Bible from Genesis to Revelation"; hdqts.
317 E. 34th St., New York City.
Communist Jewish "Foreign Language
Groups" (see) conducting Freiheit Singing
Societies, Freiheit Workers Clubs, etc., etc.,
in N.Y., Chicago and other cities. The
official Jewish Communist newspaper (pub-
lished in Yiddish) is the Jewish Daily
Freiheit; Moissaye J. Olgin is editor. The
building of this newspaper, which in 1930
had a daily N.Y. sworn circulation of
64,067 copies, adjoins the building of the
official communist Daily Worker (pub-
lished in English). They use the same
presses. Communist banners, recently,
decorated the front of both buildings, 26-
30 Union Square, N.Y. City. Those on the
Freiheit building read: "Organize Anti-
War Committees in Shops and Factories,"
"Not a Cent for Armaments All Funds
for the Unemployed," and "Demonstrate
on Union Square, Aug. 1, Friday at 5
P.M." Similar banners decorated the Daily
FRIENDS OF SOVIET RUSSIA
Formed by the Central Committee of
the Communist Party 1921; changed name
to Friends of the Soviet Union 1929.
FRIENDS OF THE SOVIET UNION
(Carveth Wells Boycott)
A Communist subsidiary (U.S. Report
2290); formed as noted above; propa-
gandizes Soviet Russia as the workers'
paradise; sponsors lectures; in 1933 driving
for a million signatures for recognition of
Russia by the U.S.; staged the Reception
for Soviet Flyers 1929 (see) ; publishes
magazine Soviet Russia Today; claims, Jan.
1934, 2,000,000 members.
J. C. Coleman of the California section
of the F.S.U. (June 13, 1933), as well as
Ella Winter (Mrs. Lincoln Steffens), lec-
turer for F.S.U., wrote letters protesting
and threatening Mr. Sol Lesser of Principal
Pictures, 630 9th Ave., N.Y.C., causing
this firm to halt the release of a truthful
moving picture of Russia taken by Carveth
Wells. Our theatres are flooded with Soviet
propaganda films. For example, three N.Y.
Theatres at one time, Sept. 2, 3 and 4,
1933, were showing a Communist propa-
ganda film "The Strange Case of Tom
Mooney" advertised in the "Daily Worker."
But organized Red opposition quickly
silences the truth about Soviet Russia.
Ella Winter's letter, written on stationery
headed "Lincoln Steffens, Carmel, Cali-
fornia, The Gateway, Box 855," is signifi-
cant. She says:
"Dear Mr. Lesser: I am shocked and astounded
to read the news that you are releasing a picture
on Russia called "The Truth About Russia" by
Carveth Wells. . . . Such a showing as you con-
template can only discredit your studio as every
American correspondent in Russia and such well-
known figures in American literary, professional
and business-life as Sherwood Anderson, Col. Hugh
Cooper, Governor Philip LaFollette, Louis Fischer,
Maurice Hindus, Curtis Bok, Margaret Bourke
White, Cecil de Mille, Mrs. Cecil de Mille, Walter
Duranty, Mr. and Mrs. Corliss Lament, Mr. and
Mrs. Osgood Field, Mr. and Mrs. Sherman Pratt,
Mr. and Mrs. Maxwell Stuart of the Foreign Policy
The Red Network
Association, Mr. Jerome Davis of Yale, Mr. Julian
Bryan, Elmer Rice, Leopold Stokowski, Martin
Flavin, Dr. John M. Kingsbury, Dr. Frankwood
Williams, Alexander Woolcott, Joseph Freeman,
Charles Malamuth, Alexander Kaun, Max Eastman,
W. L. Austin (of the Austin Construction Co.,
Cleveland), Senators Borah, Wheeler, Cutting and
Barkley, and innumerable others, would merely
ridicule a picture released by such a person on
Russia." (A nice list of pro-Soviets.)
"I am afraid that if you do release the picture
we shall find it necessary in the interests of truth
and fairness and an Administration which wishes
to recognize the Soviet Union to take such steps
as we shall deem necessary and feasible to make
clear to all movie-goers the kind of a movie
author you have selected. You will readily realize
that in a world on the brink of war with war
feelings created by just such reports as Carveth
Wells puts out, in which there is not one glimmer
of truth, one cannot allow your studio to proceed
without mobilizing every voice in denunciation,
opposition and boycott. Very truly yours, Ella
Mr. Carveth Wells wrote to the chair-
man of the American Coalition of Patriotic
Societies as follows:
"Dear Sir: "Having learned that you have
organised a coalition of about one hundred
Patriotic Societies, permit me, although a perfect
stranger, to appeal to you as a fellow citizen for
assistance in bringing to the attention of the
American people, a concrete example of a Com-
munist boycott, organized to prevent the pre-
sentation of an ordinary travel picture showing
the people and scenery of Russia from Leningrad
to the Turkish border.
"I am an author and lecturer and am not con-
nected in any way with propaganda. For the
last twenty years I have devoted my entire time
to exploration in foreign countries, in order to
secure pictures and general information which I
present to the public in the form of illustrated
lectures. Entertainment of an educational nature
is my sole object, and I have not now nor have
I ever had any political affiliations.
"So much interest was aroused by my descrip-
tion of Russia that I decided to have the motion
pictures synchronized with my voice and dis-
tributed to the theatres of the United States, by
Mr. Sol Lesser, of Principal Distributing Cor-
poration, whose offices are in the RKO Building,
Radio City, New York.
"The moment the news leaked out that I had
prepared a Motion Picture entitled 'Russia Today,'
which showed a true picture of the condition of
Russia and the Russian people after fifteen years
of the Great Experiment, The Friends of the
Soviet Union, which I am ashamed to say is an
American Institution with branches all over the
United States, organized /a protest, by requesting
their various branches and individual members
to write letters to Mr. Sol Lesser threatening to
boycott all his pictures if he dared to distribute
"Here is an educational motion picture which
has been shown before the National Geographical
Society in Washington, and was actually taken
for the Geographic Society of Chicago, yet, by
means of a snowball threatening letter organized
by Communists, such fear has been instilled in
the heart of Mr. Sol Lesser, that he is afraid to
release it to the Theatres.
"It is a good illustration of what a well
organized and active minority can accomplish.
"I am most anxious to bring this matter before
your Coalition and before as many other patriotic
societies as possible, in the hope that I may
interest them to organize a similar snowball of
protests against this weakkneed submission to the
demands of American Communists.
"For many years the theatre-going public has
been forced to look at a whole series of Russian
propaganda pictures, yet the moment a genuine
picture of a purely Travel Nature is placed upon
the market, the American Communist Party has
succeeded at least temporarily, in having it banned.
"My picture 'Russia Today' has never been
publicly shown. The fact that in their letters
of protest they refer to the title as 'The Truth
About Russia' clearly shows that the picture has
been condemned without ever being seen.
"I should be most grateful to you for any sug-
gestion you have to make as to my best course
of action. "Faithfully yours, Carveth Wells."
The American Coalition of Patriotic
Societies, 823 Albie Bldg., Wash., D.C., sent
photostatic copies of these letters to officers
of patriotic societies, stating:
"We trust your indignation will be sufficiently
aroused to organize immediately among your
friends a counter protest against the action of
the Friends of the Soviet Union . . . urging the
immediate release of Mr. Carveth Wells' film for
the information of the public on conditions in
Russia. Mr. Wells assures us that the film was
censored and returned to him by agents of the
Soviet Government before he left Russia at which
time there was small probability that the American
people would permit their government to loan
taxpayers' money to a country which has been
stripped of every marketable commodity and the
mass of its population reduced to the verge of
starvation and hopeless misery by a remorseless
clique of political theorists. We make this appeal
because it is obvious that this attack on the
Carveth Wells film by the Friends of the Soviet
Union is part of Communist propaganda for the
recognition of Russia."
F.S.U. nat. hdqts. 80 E. llth St., N.Y.
City; Norman Tallentire, nat. organizer.
California branch, 129 West Third Street,
Suite 415-416, Los Angeles, Cal.; Dr. Robt.
Whitaker, chmn.; Delta Weinrich, vice
chmn.; Dr. J. C. Coleman, educational
director; Robt. Edwards, treas.; Clara
Ward, sec.; M. Movshovitch, literature
Nat. com. F.S.U. endorsing call for
F.S.U. Convention, Jan. 26, 27, 28, 1934,
Thos. R. Amlie, Roger Baldwin, Carleton Beals,
Alfred M. Bingham, Frank Borich, "Bishop" W.
M. Brown, Earl Browder, Julian Bryan, Anne Bur-
lak, George S. Counts, Malcolm Cowley, Edw.
Dahlberg, H. W. L. Dana, Floyd Dell, James W.
Ford, Richard Farber, Wm. Z. Foster, Waldo
Frank, Jos. Freeman, Ben Gold, Michael Gold,
Lem Harris, Clarence Hathaway, Donald Hender-
son, Granville Hicks, John Haynes Holmes, Roy
Hudson, Langston Hughes, Wm. N. Jones, Howard
Kester, Mary Van Kleeck, Corliss Lamont, Mar-
garet Lamont, Katherine Lewis, Robt. Morss
Lovett, J. B. Matthews, John Meldon, Robt.
Minor, Scott Nearing, A. Overgaard, Wm. Pat-
terson, Philip Raymond, Jack Stachel. Maxwell
Stewart, Genevieve Taggard, Justine Wise Tulin,
Chas. R. Walker, Dr. Harry F. Ward, Louis
Weinstock, Susan H. Woodruff, Albert Rhys
Williams, Walter Wilson. ("Soviet Russia Today,"
"A non-commercial cultural organiza-
tion" conducting (1933) propaganda tours
to Soviet Russia. Leaders: Phil Brown;
F. Tredwell Smith (in Russia) ; Sponsoring