Ruben, N.S.L. ; Samuel Patterson, Caribbean
Union; Steve Kingston, Lg. Struggle Negro
Rights; Harry Haywood, Communist Party; Bill
Lawrence, I.L.D.; Leonard Patterson, Young
Communist Lg.; Louis Coleman, I.L.D.; J. Adler,
I.W.O.; James Toney, Lg. Struggle Negro Rights;
Gil Green, Young Communist Lg.; Wm. Burdell,
Lg. Struggle Negro Rights.
Southern Sectton: Al. Murphy, Alabama Share-
croppers Un.; Mrs. Mary Craik Speed, Mont-
gomery, Ala.; Rev. J. A. Morten, Angelo Herndon
Defense, Ala.; Jane Speed, I.L.D., Birmingham,
Ala.; Mrs. Ada Wright and Mrs. Jamie Patter-
son, Scottsboro Mothers of Chattanooga, Tenn.;
Atty. Peirson, Durham, N.C.; Anna Williams,
Communist Party, Charlotte, N.C.; Bernard Ades,
I.L.D., Baltimore, Md.; Gough McDaniels, High
School Teacher, Baltimore, Md.; Robt. Hall, Nat.
Farmers Com. Action, Wash., D.C.; Macey, New
Orleans R.R. Worker- Manny Jackson, Long-
shoreman, Savannah, Ga.
Chicago: Herbert Newton, Communist Party;
Claude Lightfoot, Lg. Struggle Negro Rights.
Pennsylvania: Dr. Patterson, Pitts, physician;
Tom Myerscough, Nat. Miners Un., Pitts.; Henry
Wickman, Marine Wkrs. Indust. Un., Phila.; Ben
Carruthers, Communist Party, Pitts.
Detroit: Joe Billups, Lg. Struggle Negro
Minnesota: Alfred Tiala, nat. sec. United
Farmers Lg., Mpls.
New England: Mrs. Cravath Simpson, Fed-
eration of Women's Clubs, Boston; Ann Burlak
California: Tom Mooney, San Quentin Peniten-
tiary Cal.; Lauren Miller, Journalist, Los Angeles,
Cal.; Matt Crawford, San Francisco Nat. Scotts-
boro Com. Action.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Manning Johnson, Communist
Missouri: A. W. Berry, Communist Party,
Kansas City, Mo.; Carrie Smith, Nut Pickers
Union, St. Louis, Mo.
Cleveland, 0.: Arthur Murphy, Steel and Metal
Wkrs. Indust. Un.
Hdqts. SO E. 13th St., New York City.
LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS
An organization formed by Carrie Chap-
man Catt, a co-worker with Jane Addams,
to educate women to take part in political
life. It serves a good purpose and is fair
enough in presenting various sides of pub-
lic questions to render the great majority
of its innocent and non-radical members
unaware that they are also fed radical
propaganda in regular doses. It campaigned
for the League of Nations, circulated the
W.I.L.P.F. (Jane Addams') petition for
total disarmament of the U.S. 1931, etc.;
features many radical speakers. (See under
LEAGUE OF WORKERS THEATRES
A league of Communist theatre groups;
an American section of Moscow's Inter-
national Union of the Revolutionary
Theatre; formed April 16, 1932 (at Man-
hattan Lyceum, N.Y. City) ; official organ
is "Workers Theatre," now called "New
Theatre" ; includes groups such as the Chi-
cago Workers Theatre (see), Workers
Laboratory Theatre, John Reed Club dra-
matic groups, German Prolet Buehne of
Milwaukee, Nature Friends Dram. Group
of Syracuse, Workers Experimental Theatre
of St. Louis, Dramatic Council of Detroit,
Harlem Progressive Youth Club Dram.
Section, N.Y., and innumerable others.
It was formed, according to the report
of its conference in the May, 1932 "Work-
ers Theatre": "to spread the idea of the
class struggle by raising funds for cam-
paigns and for the revolutionary press and
by recruiting workers into the revolution-
ary unions and mass organizations and
especially to arouse workers for the defense
of the Soviet Union against the coming
imperialist attack. . . . Every worker's
theatre group must realize that its existence
is closely tied up with that of the entire
revolutionary movement that its aims
are the same that its slogans are the
same. ... It must win workers and farmers
including those in the armed forces for the
tactic of turning the coming imperialist
war against the Soviet Union into a civil
war against the imperialists." Greetings
from the following groups were received
at this conference:
International Bureau Theatrical Club, Moscow;
Moscow Blue Blouse Theatre; Secretariat Inter-
national Workers Dramatic Union; Workers Cul-
tural Council of W.I.R. of Seattle, Wash.; Rebel
Players, Los Angeles, Cal.; Writers Group of John
Reed Club, N.Y. City; Workers International
Relief ( W.I.R.) .
Its Eastern Regional conference was held
Aug. 5-6, 1933 at the Nature Friends Camp
at Midvale, N.J. Hdqts. 42 E. 12th St.,
(THE) LETTERS OF SACCO
A book published to help along the Com-
munist agitation in favor tof the two
Anarchist-Communist murderers, who died
yelling "Long Live Anarchy 1" The book
cover states: "This volume sponsored by
the following International Committee:
"Benedetto Groce, John Dewey, Theodore Dreis-
er, Maxim Gorki, Horace M. Kallen, Sinclair Lewis,
Romain Rolland, Bertrand Russell, H. G. Wells,
A revolutionary paper formerly pub-
lished at 34 Union Square, N.Y. City;
founded before the Communist Party was
formed in the U.S. (1919) ; second class
mailing privileges were withheld by U.S.
Postoffice Dept.; some of its Red edi-
torials are reprinted in Lusk Report.
Editors were Max Eastman, Crystal Eastman
and Floyd Dell; bus. mgr., Margaret Lane; con-
trib. eds. : Cornelia Barns, Howard Brubaker,
Eugene V. Debs, Hugo Gellert, Arturo Giovan-
nitti (of II Nuovo Mondo Com.), Chas. T. Halli-
nan, Helen Keller, Robt. Minor, Boardman Robin-
son, Maurice Stern, Alexander Trachtenberg, Louis
Untermyer, Clyde Weed and Art Young.
(Note the present day active Commu-
nists.) In 1920 it had a circulation of
50,000 and was supported by stockholders
(who are listed in Lusk Report) ; reed.
$500 from Garland Fund in 1923 (Com-
munist Party-owned at that time.)
More recently the "Liberator" has been
the name of the Negro Communist paper,
official organ of the League of Struggle for
Negro Rights (see).
The Red Network
A Communist T.U.U.L. union.
A Socialist School for "children of trade
union workers" at Pawling, N.Y. con-
ducted by Nellie Seeds Nearing, wife of
Scott Nearing, the Communist leader; reed,
about $15,000 from Garland Fund.
MARINE TRANSPORT WORKERS
A communist T.U.U.L. union ; the Amer-
ican section of the communist Intl. of Sea-
men and Harbor Workers; has been creat-
ing considerable trouble among the crews
of American ships; official organ "Marine
Workers Voice"; maintains Union hdqts.
at: 140 Broad St., N.Y. City; 312 S.
Second St., Phila.; 1629 Thames St.,
Baltimore; 7211 "L" Avenue, Houston;
239 Decatur St., New Orleans; 614 First
St., Seattle; 191^ 3rd St., Portland, Ore.;
3064 E. 92nd St., South Chicago, 111. Head
is Roy Hudson, 61 Whitehall St., N.Y.
City ; formerly called Marine Wkrs. League.
MARY WARE DENNETT
M.W.D. Def. Com.
Mary Ware Dennett, a radical whose
activities were exposed in the Lusk Report,
wrote a sex pamphlet, "The Sex Side of
Life," of such a nature that she was con-
victed of, and fined $300 for publishing
obscene matter. A group of radicals
leaped to her defense and, in 1930, formed
this committee, carried her case to the
Appellate Court, and a reversal was finally
won. After this the pamphlet, "The Sex
Side of Life," was flaunted more than ever.
The Federal Council of Churches' Sex
Pamphlet (see) lists it as "indispensable."
The 4A recommends it in its 1930 Report
among "Anti-Religious Books" sold by
Committee chmn., John Dewey; vice chmn.:
Henry Sloane Coffin, Kath. Bement Davis, Abel J.
Gregg; treas., Corliss Lamont; sec., Forrest Bailey.
Among committee members: Alice Stone Black-
well, Edwin M. Borchardt, Sophonisba P. Brecken-
ridge, Paul H. Douglas, Sherwood Eddy, Fannie
Hurst, Lewis Mumford, James Rorty, Jessie Taft,
Miriam Van Waters, Goodwin Watson, Stephen
Communist magazine; changed name in
1926 to New Masses (see).
Communist T.U.U.L. union.
Communist T.U.U.L. union.
(Organ of Brotherhood of Sleeping
A radical publication for Negroes "look-
ing toward their conversion to revolution-
ary radicalism. ... It is committed to the
principles of the Soviet government of
Russia and to the proposition of organiz-
ing negroes for the class struggle. ... A
Philip Randolph and Chandler Owen,"
editors, have been "instructors in the Rand
School" (Lusk Report). It received money
from the Garland Fund; is now the official
organ of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters, which was Communist-penetrated
and also received $11,200, $4,000, $2,724.56,
etc., from Garland Fund, and is now under
Communist T.U.U.L. union; John Mel-
don, 611 Penn. Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa.; 35
East 19th St., N.Y. City., etc.
FOR SOCIAL SERVICE
A radical social service organization co-
operating with Socialist and Communist
organizations; operates in the Methodist
Church and disseminates its influence
through the Federal Council, Y.M.C.A. and
other church groups; has solicited funds
for the Moscow-directed communist Inter-
national Labor Defense in its Social Service
Bulletins, and stated in the 1932 Bulletin
No. 8: "The Federation has continued to
cooperate with boards and agencies within
our own church and with many groups
outside the church working definitely for
a new social order. Among these may be
mentioned several departments of the Fed-
eral Council of Churches, the American
Civil Liberties Union, the League for
Industrial Democracy, Labor Research
Assn., International Labor Defense, Com-
mittee on Militarism in Education, . . ,
We simply cannot be respectable." This
was signed by Bishop Francis J. McCon-
nell, pres., and Harry F. Ward, sec. (The
Labor Research Assn. and I.L.D. are Com-
munist organizations and the others, except
the Federal Council of Churches, are red
Garland Fund proteges). Winifred Chap-
pell, co-editor and co-secretary with Ward,
served on a Communist Party campaign
committee and signed the manifesto endors-
ing the Communist platform, principles
and revolutionary program in 1932 (see
Communist P. G. for F. & F.). Harry
Ward, who returned in 1932 from a year
spent in Soviet Russia is the A.C.L.U. nat.
chmn. and a former Garland Fund director.
Bishop McConnell aided the Socialist 1932
campaign. G. Bromley Oxnam and E. F.
Tittle (exec. sec. and chmn. of the nat.
com. respectively) also have lively records
To quote from Bulletin No. 8, April
IS, 1928: "Through the courtesy of the
Federated Press" (Communists') "our mem-
bers may receive the 'Labor Letter,' a
weekly summary of labor news for $1.00,
half of the regular price. An increasing
number are availing themselves of this
offer, thereby increasing their equipment
for the basic task . . . the basic task the
securing of a Christian Social Order. . . .
To this end every whit of our work is
consciously and deliberately directed. . . .
The Bulletin is used in many classrooms
and as a source material for sermons,
forum discussions, theses, etc. A few of
the topics discussed during the quadren-
nium have been 'The Spy in Government
and Industry'; 'Missions and Our Chinese
Diplomacy' (data for several issues . . .
were sent by the senior secretary while
he was lecturing in the Orient; first hand
material on China was also available to
him in his capacity of chairman of the
American Committee for Justice to
China)." (Note: See Harry F. Ward and
Hands Off Committees) ; " 'Is Justice
Breaking Down in the United States' (deal-
ing with the Sacco-Vanzetti and Mooney
and Billings cases. This issue was speed-
ily exhausted) ; 'The New Red Hunt' (our
close cooperation with the American Civil
Liberties Union brings much first hand
material in this field not otherwise easily
available to our readers) ; 'The Present
Coal Strike' (a second edition of this was
ordered by the Emergency Committee for
Miners' Relief). ... As often as our treas-
ury permits, we send some big pamphlet
on a vital theme to our members. Laid-
ler's 'Public Ownership' and Ward's 'Profit
Motive' and a reprint of his address on
'Repression of Civil Liberties in the United
States' . . . have been sent during this
quadrennium as well as some leaflets and
reprints. All members have received also
the book 'An American Pilgrimage,' por-
tions of the letters of Grace Scribner, sel-
ected and arranged by Winifred L. Chap-
pell, foreword by Harry F. Ward. . . .
Incidentally the Vanguard Press which,
published this book in its 50c series has
sold over 600 copies. . . . W. L. Chappell
spends a month at Epworth League and
Y.W. teaching in summer and does occa-
sional teaching and speaking during the
winter, especially at Epworth League win-
ter institutes and young people's groups.
. . . Part of our regular work is the recom-
mendation of speakers for church and
other meetings. . . . We have frequent
inquiries for book lists; we constantly
recommend books. . . . Earlier efforts in-
cluded not only much counselling with
leaders in other denominations and groups
like the Y.M. and Y.W.C.A. and speaking
for many church and labor groups, but
also the preparation of several curricular
studies. These were widely used by the
Epworth League, the Board of Sunday
Schools, the Student Movement and others.
We have reason to believe that these
studies, supplemented by the social inter-
pretation of the Sunday School Lesson
for two years and the contribution of a
page each month to the 'Adult Bible Class
Monthly' have promoted social thinking in
our own denomination and others. This
policy of cooperation has been continued
through this quadrennium. For instance:
The secretaries are regular members of
the Department of Social Service and Re-
search and Education of the Federal Coun-
cil of Churches, with a voice in those pro-
grams; we constantly use the resources of
the Council. The office prepared eight
articles for a handbook on social service
for the Research Dept. Both secretaries
contribute to Sunday School publications.
Miss Chappell is on the Topics Committee
of the Epworth League, helped to prepare
the Social Service Manual, has written a
chapter for the forthcoming social service
text book and in other words counsels with
that organization. . . . The special material
on the Passaic Strike" (the Communist-
led so-called "first lesson in revolution")
"which was used in the Passaic number
of the 'Christian Century' was collected by
the office. The task was undertaken
because of the bearing of that industrial
struggle on a Christian social order. As
this report goes to press, the Federation
The Red Network
is joining with the Department of Social
Relations of the Congregational Education
Society in a conference of preachers to be
held at Pittsburg, April 24 to 26th, to face
up the coal crisis. ..." "Soon after the
organization of the Federation there sprang
into existence in several annual conferences
small voluntary groups of preachers who
set themselves to support our program. . . .
Most o-f the commissions function most
actively at annual conference time. The
presentation of statements on social issues
on the conference floor, obtaining a place
on the conference program for the social
message ... are typical activities. Several
commissioners see that the message is pre-
sented at the district conferences. The Rock
River commission cooperates closely with
the Chicago Church Federation and has
been interested in free speech, preachers'
salaries, the Book Concern and organized
labor. . . . The Colorado and Pittsburgh
groups have concerned themselves with the
coal strikes. . . . The Methodist Federation
for Social Service is celebrating its twen-
tieth anniversary. A national committee
of 63, with Ernest F. Tittle as chairman
and G. Bromley Oxnam as executive secre-
tary, is sponsoring the celebration. The
occasion is being used to promote church-
wide discussion of such issues as war,
property, labor, civil liberties." (Signed)
"By Francis J. McConnell, president; Harry
F. Ward, secretary." (Note the Vanguard
Press above.) The 1933 Bulletins, as one
ex-Communist Party executive remarked,
"read like the Daily Worker, only
Exec. Com.: F. J. McConnell, H. F. Rail,
George Elliott, Herbert N. Shenton, Ralph B.
Urmy; treas., Gilbert Q. LeSourd; secretaries:
Harry F. Ward, Winifred L. Chappell; National
Com.: E. F. Tittle, chmn., G. Bromley Oxnam,
exec, sec., F. W. Adams, Springfield, Mass.; O.
W. Auman, Chgo.; Ray Allen, Hornell, N.Y.;
M. P. Burns, Phila.; L. H. Bugbee, Minneapolis;
King D. Beach, Chgo.; Dan B. Brummitt, Chgo.;
Stella W. Brummitt, Chgo.; Esther Bjornberg,
Chgo.; F. O. Beck, Evanston; E. W. Blakeman,
Berkeley, Cal.; W. C. Barclay, Chgo.; James C.
Baker, Urbana, 111.; Geo. A. Coe. Glendora, Cal.;
R. E. Diffendorfer, N.Y.; Edw. T. Devine, Wash-
ington; D. F. Diefendorf, E. Orange, N.J.; E. T.
Dennett, San Fran.; A. E. Day, Pitts.; F. C.
Ebinger, Oak Park, 111.; F. B. Fisher, India;
R. W. Graham, Creston, la.; W. E. J. Gratz,
Chgo.; W. M. Gilbert, Madison, N.J.; A. A.
Heist, Denver; Paul Hutchinson, Chgo.; L. O.
Harlman, Boston; H. S. Hamilton, Boise, Idaho;
E. S. Hammond, Salem, Ore.; Isabelle Horton,
Lake Bluff, 111.; A. W. Harris, N.Y.; C. P. Har-
graves, Chgo.; Frank Kingdon, Lansing, Mich.;
Louisa Litzel, Vickery, O.; J. C. Lazenby, Mil-
waukee; J. W. Langdale, Brooklyn; H. E. Luc-
cock, N.Y.; Jesse Lacklen, Billings, Mont.; G. S.
Lackland, Meadville, Pa.; Amy Lewis, N.Y.;
W. H. McMaster, Alliance, O.; Mary McDowell,
Chgo,; H. H. Meyer, N.Y.; A. E. Monger, South
Bend, Ind.; Edw. Laird Mills, Portland, Ore.;
J. R. Magee, Seattle; O. H. McGill, Seattle;
F. M. North, N.Y.; O. T. Olson, Baltimore; Earl
Roadman, Mitchell, S.D.; W. J. Sherman, San
Fran.; W. B. Spaulding, Billings, Mont.; C. D.
Skinner, Tulsa, Okla.; W. L. Stidger, Kansas
City; Robt. L. Tucker, Columbus; W. P. Thir-
kield, Chattanooga; Worth M. Tippy, N.Y.; L. K.
Willman, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; Herbert Welch,
Korea; V. O. Ward, Minneapolis; James M. Yard,
N.Y. (now Chgo.).
Executive Com. 1933:
Francis J. McConnell, Herbert N. Shenton,
Ralph B. Urmy, Halford E. Luccock, Charles C.
Webber, Robt. Leonard Tucker, Gilbert S. C9x.
Officers: Pres., Bishop Francis J. McConnell; vice
pres., Harris Franklin Rail; sec.-treas., Gilbert Q.
LeSourd; secretaries, Harry F. Ward, Winifred L.
Hdqts. ISO Fifth Ave., New York.
In 1927 Elias Calles was the Communist-
supported President of Mexico and Amer-
ican property in Mexico was to be seized.
Soviet forces, aided by Communist agents
from the U.S., were very active, and, lest
the U.S. should intervene and spoil the
Soviet plot to gain control of the Mexican
government, the U.S. was flooded with
"non-intervention" propaganda through
the communist Ail-American Anti-Imper-
ialist League echoed by such committees
as the National Citizens Committee on
Relations with Latin America, Non-inter-
vention Citizens Committee, Committee on
Relations with Latin America, and about
250 Hands Off Mexico (Nicaragua and
China) Committees. The Garland Fund
at the same time spent thousands of dol-
lars on "Anti-imperialism" work. The com-
munist Daily Worker, Oct. 8, 1927, said:
"The following telegram from the Com-
munist Party of Mexico was received yes-
terday by the Daily Worker: 'Mexico
City, Oct. 6, 1927: Reaction has launched
revolt. We request agitation on behalf of
the Mexican proletariat in its struggle
jointly with the government. (Signed)
Mexican Communist Party.' " The Daily
Worker then went on to comment: "The
foregoing telegram, in harmony with all
reports from Mexico, is taken as indicating
the policy of the Mexican Communist
Party in the present crisis. ... As against
the present counter-revolutionary attempts
of agents of U.S. oil speculators allied with
the whole landlord and clerical group of
reaction, ... the Communist Party of
Mexico calls upon the working class and
peasantry to resort to arms in defense of
the Calles government and urges the
workers and farmers of the United States
to support the Calles government against
the counter-revolutionary reaction." Said
Marvin (Data Sheet 25-6, Feb. 1, 1927):
"It is probably true that the President of
Mexico is ... not a member of any Com-
munist organization. . . . The fact remains
however that the alleged constitution of
Mexico is aimed to destroy both religion
and the private property rights. The initial
steps have been taken in both cases. The
attack on the Catholic Church is more or
less of a 'smoke screen' to hide the real
issue. It was the belief of the advisors of
those who put over the alleged present
constitution that such an attack would
bring to the support of Mexico all anti-
Catholics in the United States. It has con-
fused a great many. The pronounced anti-
Catholic organizations have been swept
almost bodily to the support of Mexico.
When the final step was taken to deprive
the Catholiqs of the liberties accorded
them in the past the forces in Mexico
directing this knew what was going on in
Nicaragua. In fact they were directing
them in Nicaragua as they were directing
them in Mexico."
Sept. 1933 press reports stated that 300
churches were being closed in Mexico
which would indicate that Red influences
are still active there. Travel literature,
1934, states that any minister of the Gos-
pel must secure special permission to enter
Midwest section of the communist
Workers Cultural Federation (see).
MILITANT LEFT WING
MINERS OF AMERICA
New Red miners union founded Sept.
1933; bd. of admin.:
Walter Seacrist, Powers Hapgood, Tom Tippett,
Dennis Shaw, Gerry Allard, Loren Norman, Wm.
Truax, James White, Jo Angelo, Ricco Florini;
Or^an is "The Fighting Miner," first issue, Oct.,
1933; editors, Loren Norman and Gerry Allard;
bus. mgr., Irene Allard, wife of Gerry.
Box 202, Springfield, Illinois.
Socialist Party newspaper; Victor Berger
MINE, OIL AND SMELTER WORKERS
Communist T.U.U.L. Union.
MOSCOW DAILY NEWS
Communist propaganda paper published
in English in Moscow; M. M. Borodin,
ed.; Anna Louise Strong (associate of Jane
Addams), assoc. ed.
"Advocate of revolutionary socialism"
(Lusk Report); a weekly; founded by
Oswald Garrison Villard.
Board of Editors: Ernest Gruening, Freda Kirch-
wey, Joseph Wood Krutch; Associate Editors:
Mauritz A. Hallgren, Margaret Marshall. Dorothy
Van Doren; Contributing Editor, Oswald Garrison
In 1933 Villard relinquished editorship
of "The Nation," turning it over to Board
of Editors, and became a contributing
NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL
ON RADIO IN EDUCATION
Broadcasts over nation-wide network in
cooperation with the left wing socialist
League for Industrial Democracy, featur-
ing radical speakers; recommends radical
Officers: Robert A. Millikan, pres.; Livingston
Farrand, Meta Glass, Robert M. Hutchins (pres.
of the Univ. of Chgo.), Walter Dill Scott, (pres.
Northwestern U.), Michael I. Pupin, vice presi-
dents; Ralph Hayes, treas. and chmn. bd.; Wm.
J. Donovan, vice chmn. bd.; Levering Tyson,
sec.-treas.; Com. on Economics: Harry W Laid-
ler, chmn.; Felix Morley, sec.; Wesley C. Mit-
chell, H. G. Moulton, E. G. Nourse, Rexford G.
Tugwell; League for Industrial Democracy Com-
mittee: Harry W. Laidler, Wesley C. Mitchell,
George Soule, Norman Thomas, Levering Tyson.
Hdqts.: 60 E. 42nd St., N.Y. City or
L.I.D., 112 E. 19th St., N.Y. City.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR
Communists Wm. Z. Foster, Benj. Git-
low, Scott Nearing, Eliz. Gurley Flynn,
Robt. W. Dunn, and their fellow Garland
Fund directors, Norman Thomas, etc., were
generous with appropriations of $31,552
(1925-28), $7,365 (1923-24), and $5,000
(1929-30) to the N.A.A.C.P.
The official Report of the Communist
Party's 4th national convention stated that
the Party had penetrated the N.A.A.C.P.
Socialist Florence Kelley (formerly of Hull
House), the personal friend of Engels and
Lenin, with Jane Addams, a founder and
"for twenty years a member of the board
of directors," was very active in the N.A.
A.C.P. The field secretary, Wm. Pickens,
is a Socialist Party member, active as well