(of the Presbyterian Church) . Marvin says
the advisory board of the N.Y. Council
was in 1927
"Composed of Adolph Blumfield, Louis F.
Budenz, August Burkhardt (gen. sec. Amalga-
mated Food Workers), Stuart Chase, P. E. Cos-
grove, Solon de Leon, Marion Finn Scott, G. E.
Powers, Robt. H. Haskell, John Dos Passes,
Joseph Freeman, Paxton Hibben, I. A. Kittine,
Horace Liveright, Ludwig Lore, Scott Nearing,
Chas. W. Wood, Arthur Calhoun, Rev. A. Wake-
"All of the above are Communists or
Socialists or closely allied with the Com-
munist-Socialist movement in the United
States. Both the Communists and Social-
ists openly state their purpose is to destroy
the government of the U.S. ... On Jan.
9, 1926 a luncheon conference in opposi-
tion" (to alien registration and deportation
bills) "was held at Hotel Astor, N.Y. City.
At this meeting the bills were denounced in
no uncertain terms by Max J. Kohler, the
prominent pacifist Sherwood Eddy, the
Rev. Chas. K. Gilbert of the Federal Coun-
cil of Churches and Florence F. Cassidy
of the Y.W.C.A. of Bridgeport, Conn. A
letter of denouncement from the Immi-
grants' Protective League of Chicago, upon
whose directorate appear the names of
Jane Addams, Prof. Ernst Freund, Julia C.
Lathrop and other equally well-known
radicals was read." (Marvin Data Sheets,
56-16 and 34-2.)
N.Y. officers and exec, com.:
Pres.: Joseph Dean; vice-pres.: Max Orlowsky,
P. Pascual Cqsgrove; sec.-treas.: Nina Samora-
din; legal advisor: Henry T. Hunt; field sec.:
Jeannette D. Pearl; Executive Committee: Tim-
othy Healy, Max S. Hays, James Maurer, William
Cohen, Fred Suiter, Percy Thomas, J. L. Studder,
A. M. Allman, Carl Appel, Rebecca Grecht, A. G.
Paul J. Zoretich, W. E. B. Du Bois, Clarence
Darrow, Albert F. Coyre, Robert Morss Lovett,
Arthur Garfield Hays, Alice Stone Blackwell,
Francis Fisher Kane, Fred Atkins Moore. (1930
Fish Report of Investigation of Communist Propa-
ganda, Part S, Vol. 4, p. 1321.)
NATIONAL COUNCIL ON
FREEDOM FROM CENSORSHIP
Of the A.C.L.U.; to abolish censorship
of obscene or seditious art, literature, and
movies and for "freedom in schools and
colleges"; fought in behalf of Corliss
Lamont's Russian posters, held by author-
ities as seditious matter. Hdqts. 100 Fifth
Ave., N.Y. City.
Chmn.: Hatcher Hughes; vice chairmen: Bar-
rett H. Clark, Fannie Hurst, Elmer Rice; treas.:
Harry Elmer Barnes; sec.: Gordon W. Moss;
members: Helen Arthur, Bruce Bliven, Dr. Louise
Stevens Bryant. Witter Bynner, James Branch
Cabell, Henry Seidel Canby, Edward Childs Car-
penter, Marc Connolly, Mrs. Mary Ware Den-
nett, Walter Pritchard Eaton, Morris L. Ernst,
Rabbi Sidney E. Goldstein, Paul Green, Dr. Louis
I. Harris. Arthur Garfield Hays, Theresa Helburn,
B. W. Huebsch, Sidney Howard, Rupert Hughes,
Inez Haynes Irwin, Dorothy Kenypn, Kenneth
MacGowan, H. L. Mencken, Lewis Mumford,
Henry Raymond Mussey, George Jean Nathan,
Rabbi Louis I. Newman, Rev. Robert Norwood,
Eugene O'Neill. Maxwell E. Perkins, Llewelyn
Powys, Aaron J. Rosanoff, Robert E. Sherwood,
Claire Sifton, Paul Sifton, Harry Weinberger,
Stewart Edward White, Dr. Ira S. Wile, Harry
Radical educational association which
fostered the National Save Our Schools
Committee; affiliated with N. C. for P. W.
NATIONAL FARMERS HOLIDAY
A supporting organization of the Com-
munist-organized U.S. Congress Against
War (see) . Its leader, Milo Reno, is active
in the radical Conference for Progressive
Political Action (see).
NATIONAL MINERS UNION
Communist T.U.U.L. Union; hdqts.
Frank Borich, 413 Fourth Ave., Pittsburgh,
Pa.; responsible for violence in Ky., Pa.,
and Ohio mining districts; now agitating
in New Mexico and Utah, claiming over
1,000 members in Utah, Carbon County
Aided financially by Garland Fund;
formed by A.C.L.U. to aid the Communist
agitation for release of Mooney and Bill-
ings, convicted of bombing the 1917 San
Francisco Preparedness Day Parade, kill-
ing 10 and injuring 50 persons. Mooney
was then an anarchist-communist labor
agitator and with anarchist Alex. Berk-
man started and ran "The Blast," an anar-
chist paper. His letter to Stalin appears
on the front page of the Communist Labor
Defender for Nov. 1932. In it he says,
"My dear Comrade Stalin" and after
rejoicing over the Fifteenth Anniversary of
the Russian Proletarian Revolution, thanks
"For the magnificent spirit of International
working-class solidarity by the militant workers
of Russia in defense of my fight for freedom, and
for the freedom of all class war and political
prisoners. Were it not for the Revolutionary
workers of Petrograd led by our beloved comrade
Lenin, in militant demonstrations before the Amer-
ican Embassy on April 25, 1917, I would not now
be addressing these greetings to you. Thus my
life was saved and my usefulness to the revolution-
ary working class prolonged. It is my hope that
these revolutionary greetings to you and through
you to the Toilers of the Soviet Union will be
presented to you in person on the Fifteenth
Anniversary of the Russian Revolution by my dear
84 year old mother, who will be in Moscow on
Nov. 7th, 1932 in the continued interest of the
working class fight for my freedom from the Dun-
geons of American Capitalist Imperialism. All
hail to the Russian Revolution and the Dictator-
ship of the Proletariat. I'm for it hook, line and
sinker, without equivocation or reservation.
Please accept my warm personal regards and best
wishes. I am, Comradely yours, Tom Mooney,
Committee Hdqts., 100 Fifth Ave.,
N.Y. City; Henry T. Hunt (Roosevelt
appointee as gen. counsel PWA), chmn.;
Lemuel F. Parton, vice chmn.; Roger N. Bald-
win, sec.; Harry Elmer Barnes, Alice Stone Black-
well, John Rogers Commons, Clarence Darrow,
Jerome Davis, Edward T. Devine, John Dewey,
Robert L. Duffus, Morris L. Ernst, Sara Bard
Field, Glenn Frank, Gilson Gardner, Elizabeth
Giiman, Norman Hapgood, Max S. Hayes, Arthur
Garfieid Hays, Morris Hillquit, Fannie Hurst, Inez
Haynes Irwin, Philip LaFollette, Sinclair Lewis,
Walter W. Liggett, Owen R. Lovejoy, Robert
Morss Lovett, James H. Maurer, Alexander Meikle-
john, H. L. Mencken, Wesley C. Mitchell, Fremont
Older, George D. Pratt, Jr., Roger William Riis,
John A. Ryan, John Nevin Sayre, Alva W. Taylor,
B. C. Vladeck, Stephen S. Wise, W. E. Woodward.
NATIONAL MOONEY COUNCIL
Formed 1933 by the Communist I.L.D.
for the purpose of drawing radicals
together in a "united front" under Com-
munist leadership for the Mooney ballyhoo
of hate against our "capitalist" govern-
ment upon which Communism thrives.
"Free Tom Mooney" has, with the Scotts-
boro case, been a money making agitation
for the Communist Party and the excuse
for countless riots, strikes, demonstrations
and profitable collections, as was the Sacco-
Vanzetti case, formerly. The "Free Tom
Mooney Congress" called by the Commu-
nist I.L.D. met April 30 May 2, 1933,
in Chgo., and passed the resolution:
"Brother Mooney for 17 years now the
symbol of the unity of working class
martyrdom must now become the living
symbol of the unity of the working class.
. . . Just as the frame-up and imprison-
ment of Tom Mooney was connected with
the preparations for the entry of this coun-
try into the world war, so now the con-
tinued imprisonment of Mooney and other
victims of capitalist class justice ... is the
preparation of a second imperialist war
by the capitalist nations and against the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. . . .
This council hereby establishes the National
Tom Mooney Council of Action, a United
Front for Workers Rights and the Rights
of the Negro People. . . . The legal murder
of the innocent Sacco and Vanzetti was a
part of the price of disunity of the
workers. . . . Mass pressure not the 'justice'
of the courts is responsible for such vic-
tories as the working class has won."
"38 Chicago locals of the A.F. of L., 121
locals of other cities, 23 locals of the Pro-
gressive Miners of S. 111., 82 independent
and revolutionary unions affiliated with the
T.U.U.L. Delegates from the Commu-
nist Party, Socialist Party, League for
Independent Political Action, Defense
organizations, Young Communist League,
Young People's Socialist League, Industrial
Workers of the World, ..." were repre-
sented by 1,200 delegates according to the
The Red Network
May ISth "Workers Voice" (Communist)
and "Robert Minor, veteran comrade of
Mooney . . . made the keynote address."
Other speakers were: "W. L. Patterson of
the I.L.D., A. J. Muste of the Lg. for Ind.
Lab. Act., Clarence Hathaway and Bill
Gebert of the Communist Party, Social-
ists, Trade Union men, delegates of the
I.W.W. and of farmers groups. . . . Alex
Fraser of Gillespie, militant leader of the
Progressive Miners was elected as first
chairman of the congress ... the proposals
of the I.W.W. delegation for an 'immediate'
general strike and boycott of California
products was rejected while at the same
time the congress adopted all methods of
mass struggles, including strikes, demon-
strations, etc. for the Mooney defense. . . .
A national Mooney Council of Action of
42 members was elected" which "will lead
a fight 'for Workers Rights and Against
Oppression of the Negro Masses.' "
Council members: C. A. Hathaway (Commu-
nist Party); Al. Renner (Proletarian Party,
Detroit) ; Joshua Kunitz (Nat. Com. Def. Pol.
Pris.); George Smerkin (Young People's Socialist
Lg., Chgo.); James P. Cannon, Communist Lg.
of Am. (Trotskyite) ; Frank Borich (communist
Nat. Miners Union, Pitts.); James Eagan
(Journeyman Plasterers, Pitts.. Communist);
Phil Van Gelder (Socialist Party, Phila.);
Anthony Chuplis (A.F. of L. Gen. Mine Bd.
U.M.W.A., Shenandoah, Pa.); John Metzger
(communist Marine Workers Union, New Orleans) ;
Ella Reeve Bloor (communist Nat. Farmers Com.
for Action, Sioux City, la.); Chas. Crone (A.F.
of L. Intl. Hod Carriers, Mpls., Minn.); Trent
Longo (A.F. of L. Painters Union, Clev., O.);
L. O. Puchot (A.F. of L. Bldg. Trades Coun.,
Des Moines, la.); Prof. Robert Morss Lovett
(Am. Civil Liberties Union, Chgo.) ; James Kodl
(Irish-Am. Labor Lg., Chgo., Communist sym-
pathizer); Mrs. Sabina Burrell, Socialist, of Pro-
gressive Miners of America (P.M.A.) Ladies
Auxiliary, Gillespie, 111.; Pat Ansboury, P.M.A.
and Communist Lg. of Am. (Trotskyite) ; L.
VVeinstock (Painters N.Y. and communist A.F.
of L. Com. for Unemployment Insurance) ; L. B.
Scott (A.F. of L. Tom Mooney Molders Def.
Com., San Francisco, Cal.) ; Jack Clark (I.W.W.,
Chgo.); Chas. Blome (A.F. of L. Conf. Bd. of
Molders Unions, St. Louis, Mo.); Emil Arnold
(A.F. of L. Painters, Chgo.); D. Poindexter
(Lg. Struggle Negro Rights Communist) ; Jesse
Taylor (A.F. of L. Bricklayers, Buffalo, N.Y.);
M. Olay (Free Society Group of anarchists,
Chgo.); Robert Minor (Communist Party); Wm.
Patterson (communist I.L.D.); L. Hyman (com-
munist Needle Trades Workers Indust. Union) ;
Jack Kling (Young Communist Lg., Chgo.); Karl
Lore, Socialist (Unemp. Citiz. Lg., Chgo.); Albert
Hansen (Ky. Miners Defense Com. of I.W.W.,
Chgo.); A. J. Muste (Leftwing Socialist, Conf.
Prog. Lab. Act., N.Y.) ; Roger Baldwin (A.C.
L.U., N.Y.); Israel Amter (communist Unem-
ployed Councils, N.Y.); Aileen Barnsdall
(Mooney's personal appointee, Los Angeles);
Arthur Scott (A.F. of L. Mooney Molders Def.
Com., San Francisco); J. B. Matthews (Fellow-
ship Reconciliation, N.Y.) ; Joe Weber (commu-
nist T.U.U.L.); John Werlik (A.F. of L. Metal
Polishers Union, Chgo.) ; Jack Johnstone (commu-
nist T.U.U.L., Pitts.); Alex Fraser (removed from
Socialist Party, 111., exec. com. as a Communist,
P.M.A., Giiiespie, 111.); A. Thorpe (Gen. Defense
Com. of I.W.W., Chicago).
Nat. Pop. Govt. Lg.
A publicity bureau for the various organ-
izations represented on its directorship,
namely: the A.C.L.U., Socialist Party,
L.I.D., Public Ownership League (its
affiliate), the Peoples Legislative Service,
and the Conference for Progressive Polit-
ical Action. Judson King, now Pres.
Roosevelt's Research Investigator for Ten-
nessee Valley Authority, is its active direc-
tor, although ex-Senator Robt. L. Owen is
listed as president. Started in 1913, it has
consistently advocated government owner-
ship of the key industries of the nation
in true Socialist style, as might be expected
with seven officers of Carl Thompson's
Public Ownership League at various times
serving on its directing committee (Wm.
H. Johnston, Carl S. Vrooman, Father
John A. Ryan, John R. Haynes, James H.
McGill, and the deceased Delos F. Wilcox
and Wm. Kent), and also eight executives
of the People's Legislative Service (Senator
Geo. W. Norris, Wm. H. Johnston, J. H.
McGill, Jackson Ralston, Prof. E. A. Ross,
Edw. Keating, Father John A. Ryan, Wm.
Kent). W. H. Johnston also called the
Conference for Progressive Political Action
(see) at Cleveland, July 4, 1924, which
nominated LaFollette for President and
gave impetus to the fashion of calling rad-
The League conducts a Forum in Wash-
ington, circulates reprints of Congressional
speeches attacking the utilities, and issues
a bulletin service which it estimated, Tn
1927, reached through 125 library sub-
scribers, the A. P. and Universal Press serv-
ices, some 59,582,000 readers. It declared
that it did not need to issue a newspaper
since it could secure such wide publicity.
Among its pamphlets, it lists as "Valuable
to Students and Libraries as Research
Material": " 'The Deportations Delirium
of 1920,' by Hon. Louis F. Post. The true
story of how the 'Red Raids' were brought
about" ; " 'Report of the Twelve Lawyers
on the Illegal Practices of the U.S. Depart-
ment of Justice,' by Dean Roscoe Pound
of Harvard University and others. An
indictment of the illegal methods of Attor-
ney General Palmer in his famous 'Red
Raids' of 1920"; '"Official Hearings of
Testimony Before the Senate Sub-Com-
mittee Which Investigated the Report of
the Twelve Lawyers,' 788 pages"; also
"Report of Senator Walsh Sustaining the
The "Report Upon the Illegal Prac-
tises of the U.S. Department of Justice"
was issued May 27, 1920 by Judson King
and signed by the twelve lawyers, who
were: Felix Frankfurter, Ernst Freund, and
David Wallerstein, all of the Red-aiding
A.C.L.U. national committee; Jackson H.
Ralston and Francis Fisher Kane of the
A.C.L.U.; and Zechariah Chafee, Jr. of
Harvard Law School, R. G. Brown, Judge
Alfred Niles, Swinburn Hale, Frank P.
Walsh, Dean Roscoe Pound (Harvard Law
Sch.), and Tyrrell Williams.
This report was a bitter and untruthful
attack upon the Department of Justice,
charging wholesale arrests of Reds without
warrants, cruelty to prisoners, forgery by
agents to make out cases against "inno-
cent" Reds, refusal to let prisoners com-
municate with friends, etc., etc. Of course
the report took the usual sniping position
of claiming that its authors were not them-
selves in favor of any radical doctrines (?),
but were solely interested in upholding the
law! The old, deliberately deceptive argu-
ment, that Attorney General Palmer's sup-
pression had aided rather than harmed the
Reds' revolutionary cause in America, was
also used. (Then why did radicals protest
suppression?) They bitterly attacked the
use of Government funds to discover and
deport revolutionary Anarchist and Com-
In reply, Attorney General Palmer sent
a telegram to the Popular Govt. League
signers, saying: "Some of the aliens them-
selves have since denied the very state-
ments which your committee filed. Your
apparent willingness to believe these state-
ments made by alien anarchists when fac-
ing deportation in preference to the testi-
mony of sworn officers of the Government,
whose only motive is the performance of
duty, indicates some other desire on your
part than just administration of the law-"
The N.Y. Times, June 2, 1920, quoted
Palmer as saying of the lawyer-signers:
"We find several of them appearing as
counsel for Communist and Communist
Labor Party members at deportation hear-
ings. I have difficulty in reconciling their
attitude with that of men sworn to uphold
the Constitution of the United States."
But this Red campaign started by these
men was continued. The Garland Fund
appropriated funds and bemused Amer-
icans slept, stupefied by confusing propa-
ganda, and all funds were, in 192S, stopped
for anti-Red activities of the Department
of Justice. Since that time, radicalism has
made its phenomenal strides in the United
States undisturbed by the Government.
One letterhead of the League lists:
Pres., Robt. L. Owen (U.S. Senator, Okla.) ;
General Committee: Wm. Kent (Kentfield, Cal.,
Ex-Congressman) ; Dr. John R. Haynes (Los
Angeles); Senator Gea. W. N orris; J. H. McGill
(Valparaiso, Ind. manufacturer) ; E. A. Ross
(Madison, Wis., Prof. Sociology, U. of Wis.) ;
Harry A. Slattery (Wash., former sec. Nat.
Conservation Assn.); Jackson H. Ralston (Wash.,
Atty.); director, Judson King, Wash.; Consult-
ing Committee: Alice Stone Blackwell, Boston;
Warren S. Blauvelt, Terre Haute; Lawrence G.
Brooks (Boston, Atty.); Geo. H. Duncan (E.
Jaffrey, N.H., Mem. State Legis.); Herman I.
Ekern (Madison, Atty. Gen. Wis.); A. R. Hatton
(Cleveland, Prof. Pol. Science, Western Reserve
U.) ; A. N. Holcombe (Cambridge, Prof, of Govt.
Harvard U.); Wm. H. Johnston (Wash., Pres.
Intl. Machinists) ; Edw. Keating (Mg. Ed.
' ; Labor," then official organ Conf. for Prog.
Political Action) ; Edwin Markham, Staten Is.,
poet; Frank Morrison (Wash., sec. A.F. of L.);
Chas. H. Porter (Cambridge, Mass., manufaeturer) ;
Alice Thatcher Post (Wash., former mg. ed. "The
Public"); Louis F. Post (former Asst. Sec. of
Labor); Herbert Quick (Berkeley Springs, W. Va.,
author); Chas. Edw. Russell (Wash., author);
Dr. John A. Ryan (Wash., Prof. Industrial Ethics,
Catholic Univ.); T. Allen Smith (Seattle, Prof.
Pol. Science, U. of Wash.); Wm. S. U'Ren, Port-
land; Carl S. Vrooman (Bloomington, 111., farmer,
Ex-Sec, of Agriculture); Delos F. Wilcox (Grand
Rapids, Mich., consulting franchise expert) ; Mrs.
Laura Williams (director Progressive Education
Assn.) ; H. H. Wilcox (Pittsburg manufacturer) ;
J. A. Woodburn (Bloomington, Ind., Prof. History,
U. of Ind.). There are a few minor changes 1933:
Robt. Beecher Howell, U.S. Sen., Nebr., added;
nine dropped (Owen, Kent, Blackwell, Blauvelt,
Wilcox, Porter, L. F. Post, Quick, Russell).
Hdqts. 637 Munsey Bldg., Wash., D.C.
NATIONAL RAILROAD WORKERS
Communist T.U.U.L. Union; now called
the "Railroad Brotherhoods Unity Com-
NATIONAL RELIGION AND
Nat. R. & L. Found.
Organized by radicals, about 1932, to
propagandize "the new social order" (Com-
munism-Socialism) within Jewish, Catholic
and Protestant churches. Its Bulletin,
"Economic Justice," carries plain Red
revolutionary propaganda; the Nov. 1932
issue (the first) printed a cartoon of Jesus
by Art Young, the New Masses Commu-
nist cartoonist (see facsimile) ; the Jan. 1933
issue said of this cartoon: "This cut has
been in demand by the churches and is still
available. The Editors"; the Jan. issue
printed a typical atheist Soviet cartoon
The Red Network
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(see facsimile) ridiculing Christianity, rep-
resenting Christ, unburdened, leading
ahead workers with bowed backs crushed
beneath the weight of a huge cross,
while these workers are also har-
nessed to, and pulling, "Capitalism" repre-
sented as always by the Soviets as a fat
man with a plug hat. The cartoon is a
plea to throw off "Capitalism," the Cross,
and Christ's leadership.
It prints propaganda such as that of
Communist Robert Whitaker of Los Angeles
(see), one of its correspondents and
national committeemen who says in the
same issue: "It is no longer a question of
the need of a revolution; the question is
as to the method of bringing the revolution
to pass. ... To this conclusion I have very
definitely come: that there is little hope
of making any considerable change in the
psychology of the masses except as the
sequence of radical social action outside of
respectable ranks; that the work of revolt
will have to be carried through in two
sections, the first of these, the long-suffer-
ing and no longer quiescent disinherited
and unemployed, who will respond to their
desperation rather than to any well
digested education, the second, a trained
and disciplined group who will know how
to function in a Lenin-leadership when the
hour of opportunity comes. Consequently
our concern is to build the understanding
leadership for the crisis from those who
need no longer the milk of infantile adap-
tations to their timidities and polite preju-
dices but are ready to talk business and
digest the strong meat of direct revolution-
The April 1933 issue carries the follow-
ing horrifying anouncement: "A new
religious Brotherhood is in process of
formation. The method which it intends
to employ toward the accomplishment of
its purpose is designed to fill two long
felt wants in the radical movement and in
the religious field. Robert R. Warner, the
Brother Secretary of the Order, expresses
its function: 'We place ourselves under the
vows of poverty and obedience, plus a
rule of life entailing purity but not neces-
sarily celibacy. Being a disciplined group,
willing and anxious to enter into industrial
disputes to take the posts of danger, we feel
that there we can be of great benefit, since
we will not feel the terror of the black
list, the lock out, or other means of capital-
ist economic terrorization. Likewise in
areas of class warfare \ve feel that the
innate reverence of the average policeman
for the religious habit will protect our own
heads from his blows, and so, if we place
ourselves in the place of greatest danger,
we can also by that very act, protect the
workers. On the other hand, we know
many liberal and radical priests and min-
isters who are prevented from themselves
preaching the 'social gospel' in understand-
able and plain terms for fear of losing their
jobs; but who would not hesitate to per-
mit an outside preacher to do so, rather
would jump at the opportunity. . . . Address
inquiries or send contributions to Robert
R. Warner, Brothers Secretary, 27 Win-
throp House, St. John's Road, Mass.' " The
slogan of this issue was: "URGE RECOG-
NITION OF RUSSIA."
Says the Jan. issue: "We are glad to
announce that Dr. Willard E. Uphaus . . .
has joined the staff of the foundation on a
part time basis. . . . Another addition to
the staff is Arnold Johnson, recent graduate
of Union Theological Seminary, who was
in jail in Harlan, Kentucky, for a number
of weeks on a charge of criminal syndical-
ism. Arnold Johnson will specialize in
organizing the unemployed into Unem-
ployed Citizens Leagues and for the pur-
pose of making hunger marches and other
demonstrations to dramatize the economic
crisis. He is now working in Ohio." "Com-
munism Is the Way" by James W. Ford,
colored Communist, Vice Presidential can-
didate (running mate of Wm. Z. Foster)
in 1932, appeared in the May-June issue.
Excerpts from the address of the pro-
Soviet "Brain Trustee," Rex. Guy Tugwell,
delivered before the American Economic
Assn., 1932 and entitled "The Principle of
Planning and the Institution of Laissez
Faire," appeared in the Jan. 1933 issue. To
quote: "Planning will necessarily become a
function of the federal government; either
that or the planning agency will supersede
that government, which is why, of course,
such a scheme will eventually be assimilated
to the state rather than possess some of its
powers without its responsibilities. Business
will logically be required to disappear. This
is not an overstatement for the sake of
emphasis; it is literally meant. The essence
of business is its free venture for profits