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engaged in propaganda against the United
States and in favor of the Socialist-Com-
munist scheme to Sovietize Mexico and
all Central American States is easily
located in what is called the Non-inter-
vention Citizens Committee. Through the
members of this committee the work rami-
fies into more than one hundred organ-
izations some of them openly Socialistic
and Communistic, while others are legiti-
mate enough but appear to be in the
hands of clever Adepts. . . . Those domi-
nating and controlling as will be shown
are Socialists or Communists. As such they
believe our entire system is wrong and
should be destroyed. They hold to the
theory that any form of nationalism backed
up by any form of patriotism should be
destroyed. . . . The inspiration for this
organization came from Moscow, via
Mexico. Its object is to aid Moscow in
Mexico. Because of its nature and pur-
poses one is forced to ask the question:
Who is doing the financing for the nation-
wide propaganda scheme now being car-
ried on in the interests of Mexico and its



Socialist-Communist controlled bodies and
against the foreign policies of the United
States? ... In the center or 'controlling
group' of the Non-intervention Citizens
Committee we place the following: Jos.
Schlossberg, B. C. Vladeck, Max Zucker-
man, Rose Schneidermann, Stephen S.
Wise, A. I. Shiplacoff, Oswald Garrison
Villard, Fannia May Cohn, Lillian Wald,
Morris Hillquit, A. J. Muste, A. Castro,
Robt. Dunn, Louis Budenz, L. Hollings-
worth Wood, August Claessens, Norman
Thomas, John Nevin Sayre, Max Danish,
S. E. Beardsley, J. Lieberman, John
Haynes Holmes, Abraham Beckerman,
Morris Ernst, J. M. Budish, Paul U. Kel-
logg. Here we have the dominating con-
trolling and directing forces 26 out of the
total of 75 names presented as making up
the entire Nat. Citizens Committee.

"While we have not placed them as a
part of the 'real center' of the Non-inter-
vention Citizens Committee there are a
number on the general committee who are
exceptionally active in working with one
or more of the organizations . . . guided
... by the true 'center.' We will not go
into the connections of the others except
to say that all have been more or less con-
nected unto the pacifist movement in the
United States" (Data Sheet 28-8).

Chmn., John Howard Melish; sec., Eleanor
Brannon (N.Y. sec. W.I.L.P.F.); exec, com.: Fan-
nia May Cohn (Intl. Ladies Garm. Wkrs. Un);
Paul U. Kellogg (ed. Survey); Miss Gordon Nor-
ries (N.Y. Council for Intl. Cooperation to Pre-
vent War) ; Mrs. Egerton Parsons (Am. Assn.
Univ. Women); John Nevin Sayre (sec. Fell.
Recon.) ; Norman Thomas (exec. sec. L.I.D.,
Socialist leader). Members: Ruth Morgan (Lg.
W9men Voters); Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt
(vice chmn., N.Y. Womens Democratic State
Committee); Lillian D. Wald (head of Henry St.
Settlement, etc.); Mrs. Francis O. Affeld, Jr.
(Am. Assn. Univ. Women); Mrs. Chas. Niel
Edge; Mrs. Chas. R. Henderson; Mrs. Frank D.
Tuttle; Mrs. F. Louis Slade of the Y.W.C.A.;
Mrs. John Lewis Childs (chmn. Com. on Latin
Relations of N.Y. State Fed. Womens Clubs);
Mrs. John Ferguson (pres. Council of Women for
Home Missions); Mrs. E. H. Silverthorn
(Womens Board of Foreign Missions) ; Evelyn
Preston: Mrs. Harriet B. Laidlaw; "Professors":
James T. Shotwell, Edw. M. Earle, Le Roy Bow-
man (all of Columbia Univ.); "Business men":
Raymond Fosdick, Harold A. Hatch, L. Hollings-
worth Wood, George La Monte, Geo. Foster Pea-
body, Morris Ernst, Gould Harold; "Labor
Leaders": Jos. Schlossberg, Adolph Held, B. C.
Vladeck, A. J. Muste, S. E. Beardsley, Max
Zuckerman, A. Castro, J. Liebermann, Morris Hill-
quit, Max Danish, August Claessens, Abraham
Beckerman, A. I. Shiplacoff, J. M. Budish, Rose
Schneidermann: "Writers": Kirby Page, Wm.
Floyd, Rev. Halford E. Luccock, Rev. Isaac Land-
man, Guy Emery Shipler, Fleming H. Revell,
Robt. W. Dunn, Edward Levinson, S. A. Dewitt.
Margaret Shipman. Oswald Garrison Villard, Louis
Budenz: "Clergy": Rev. Henry Sloane Coffin
(pres. Union Theol. Sem.), Samuel M. Cavert



210



The Red Network



(gen. sec. Fed. Coun. Chs.), S. Parkes Cadman
(pres. Fed. Coun. Chs.), Samuel Guy Inman (of
Nat Citiz. Com. on Relations with Latin Am.),
Karl Reiland, Ralph W. Sockman, W. Russell
Bowie, John Haynes Holmes, John H. Lathrop,
Rabbi Alexander Lyons, John W. Langdale, A.
Lane Miller, S. M. Shoemaker, Henry Evertson
Cobb, T. Guthrie Speers, Finis S. Idleman, W. T.
Crocker, Minot Simons (pastor All Souls Unitarian
Ch.), Felix Adler (pres. Ethical Culture Society),
Rabbi Stephen S. Wise.

NON-PARTISAN COMMITTEE

FOR LILLIAN HERSTEIN
Formed to aid the campaign of Lillian
Herstein (See "Who's Who") as candidate
in the 1932 election on the Farmer-Labor
(Socialist) ticket. According to a letter to
the Chicago Evening Post of Sept. 15,
1932 by Prof. Arthur E. Holt, 7800 sig-
natures were obtained on a petition to
have Lillian Herstein 's name placed on the
ballot and among the so-called "Civic
Leaders" supporting her candidacy named
by Holt were:

Anton J. Carlson (U. of C.); Edith Abbot,
Sophonisba Breckenridge, Rev. W. R. Boddy,
Mollie Ray Carroll, Dr. H. W. Cheney, Mr. and
Mrs. Paul Douglas, Mrs. James A. Field. Mr.
and Mrs. A. L. Foster, Mrs. Chas. W. Gilkey,
Harry D. Gideonse, Anton Johannsen. A. Eustace
Haydon, Rev. Douglas Horton, Rev. Blaine Kirk-
patrick, Dr. John A. Lapp, Mary McDowell,
Dr. Louis L. Mann. H. A. Millis, James Mullen-
bach, Letitia R. Myles, Mr. and Mrs. W. A.
Roberts, S. D. Schwartz. Lorado Taft (father-in-
law of Paul Douglas) and Rev. Norris L. Tibbetts.

NON-PARTISAN LEAGUE

"This was purely a Socialist movement,
organized, directed and dominated, at all
times, by those who had been prominent
in the Socialist Party" (Marvin Data
Sheet 81-27).



OFFICE WORKERS UNION
Communist T.U.U.L. union; hdqts. 799
Broadway, N.Y. City; its official organ
"Office Worker" announced (Feb. 1933
issue): "O.W.U. meets every 2nd and 4th
Thurs., 7 P.M., at Labor Temple, 14th
St. and 2nd Ave., N.Y.C." (of Presbyterian
Church). A Chicago branch was formed
in the Kimball Bldg., Room 1430, on Aug.
18, 1933. Clyde Jenkins (alias Wade D.
Rogers) the Chgo. exec. sec. has been
arrested and his membership records
seized by the police, 1934.

OPEN ROAD

Affiliate of communist Intourist (Soviet
Govt. travel agency) and V.O.K.S. (see
A.S.C.R.R., its Communist - subsidiary
American branch) ; a propaganda travel
bureau "primarily concerned with what



happens to the traveler emotionally and
intellectually . . . the first travel bureau to
establish independent representation in the
Soviet Union and has been the only one
to maintain it constantly since," says its
1933 booklet; organizes summer schools
abroad for American university students;
arranges for travelers to meet the "right"
Soviet representatives; I.S.H.A. or Inter-
national Student Hospitality Association is
its European collaborator; Carleton Wash-
burne's praise of its I.S.H.A. guides, and
Elmer Rice's and Louis Fischer's endorse-
ment of its Russian service are printed in
the 1933 booklet, which lists as its "Amer-
ican Advisory Committee":

Wm. Allan Neilson, chmn. (pres of A.S.C.R.R.,
the Communist-subsidiary, and of Smith College) ;
Stephen P. Duggan and John Dewey (A.S.C.R.R.
officers); Mary E. Woolley (pres. Mt. Holyoke
Coll.); Glenn Frank (pres. U. of Wis.); Arthur E.
Morgan (pres. Antioch Coll., Yellow Springs, O.,
birthplace of Lg. for Org. of Progress) ; Aurelia
H. Reinhardt (pres. Mills Coll.); Henry Noble
MacCracken (pres. Vassar Coll.); Ada L. Corn-
stock (pres. Radcliffe Coll.); Lotus D. Coffmann
(pres. U. of Minn.) ; Donald T. Cowling (pres.
Carleton Coll., Minn, and member of 1928 delg.
to Russia) ; Livingstone Farrand (pres. Cornell
Coll.); Harry A. Garfield (pres. Williams Coll.);
Meta Glass (pres. Sweet Briar Coll.); Hamilton
Holt (pres. Rollins Coll., pacifist); Kerr D. Mac-
millan (pres. Wells Coll., N.Y.); Marion Edwards
Park (pres. Bryn Mawr Coll.); Ellen F. Pendel-
ton (pres. Wellesley Coll.) ; David Allan Robert-
son (pres. Goucher Coll.); Ray Lyman Wilbur;
Harry D. Gideonse; etc. Eliot Pratt (A.C.L.U.)
and Frederic V. Field (bd. dir. L.I.D., etc.) are
members of the board of directors.

Among 1933 "Open Road" Russian tour
conductors were:

Karl Borders; Colston E. Warne for L.I.D.
tour (Amherst Coll. prof.); Lucy Textor (Vassar
prof, and member John Dewey's 1928 delegation) ;
Lord Marley of the red Ind. Lab. Party, who
was barred from Japan; Edith Osbourne, W.I.L.
P.F. tour; Maxwell Stewart, Foreign Policy Assn.
economist, and his wife, "both former residents
in Russia as teachers at Moscow Institute"; John
Rothschild, director of Open Road; etc., etc.

Hdqts. 56 W. 45th St., N.Y. City.



PACKING HOUSE WORKERS
INDUSTRIAL UNION

Communist T.U.U.L. union; M. Karson,
Communist organizer at St. Paul and
Mpls., reports, for example, that there are
now 850 packing house workers organized
in it there and that an independent union
has been organized at Austin, Minn., by
the Communists.

PAINTERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
Communist T.U.U.L. union.



Organizations, Etc.



211



PAN PACIFIC TRADE UNION
SECRETARIAT

Oriental counterpart of the American
Communist T.U.U.L.; for the organization
and spread of Communist labor groups in
the Orient; Hdqts. Shanghai, China. When
Walter Noullens Ruegg, its sec., was
arrested by the Chinese Govt. in 1932
charged with sedition, "a sharp protest
was made by hundreds of Socialists and
Liberals, including Prof. Albert Einstein
and Senator Borah. . . . Shortly before the
arrest, the Pan Pacific Trade Union Secre-
tariat had issued denunciations of French
rule in Indo-China and American imperial-
ism in the Philippines" (Am. Lab. Year
Book 1932).

"Organization Conference With the backing of
the trade union federations of New South Wales,
China, France, and the Soviet Union, all affiliated
with the Red International of Labor Unions, and
the minority left wing movements in the United
States, Great Britain, Java, Japan, Korea, and
elsewhere, . a conference was held in Hankow,
China, May 19-26, 1927, and the Pan Pacific Trade
Union Secretariat was established. An executive
meeting followed in Shanghai, in February, 1928.
Due to the refusal of Prime Minister Bruce to
permit the meeting to be held in Australia, the
next conference will take place in Vladivostok,
Russia, starting August 1, 1929. After a sharp
debate, the Australian trade union council voted
at its last convention to continue affiliation.

"At the first organization conference in Hankow
resolutions were adopted to maintain a struggle
against the dangers of war in the Pacific, to
oppose the imperialists in China, to demand self-
determination for the peoples of the Pacific, to
demand the removal of racial and national preju-
dices, and to promote international trade union
unity."

(Am. Lab. Year Book 1929, p. 239.)

PAPER BAG WORKERS

INDUSTRIAL UNION
Communist T.U.U.L. union.

PAXTON HIBBEN MEMORIAL

HOSPITAL FUND

"To do honor to the Communist Paxton
Hibben whose remains were taken by the
Communists to Russia for burial" (Francis
Ralston Welsh). Photo of Paxton Hibben
decorating grave of John Reed in Moscow
appears in Whitney's "Reds in America."

PEACE PATRIOTS
Radical A.C.L.U. - controlled "peace"
society. According to its pamphlet "War
Resistance" (by Wm. Floyd, its director;
price 20c), which was distributed at the
communist Student Congress Against War
(see), the Peace Patriots' program (to
quote) : "includes the following activities:
1. Requesting universal total disarmament
is the chief aim of the conference to be



held in Geneva in Feb. 1932. 2. Encourag-
ing membership in the War Resisters League
or Fellowship of Reconciliation, repeating
the request already made to President
Hoover for recognition of exemptive status
for their members in the next war. 3. Dis-
tributing '2 per cent' buttons to symbolize
Einstein's idea that if 2 per cent of the
people will not fight, governments will not
declare war (6 buttons for 25 cents, 100
for $1.50, 500 for $6.00). There are no
dues. Office expenses have been provided.
. . . American men and women may join
by signing the following declaration Mem-
bership Declaration of Peace Patriots:
Since our government has pledged itself
never to resort to war for the solution of
international controversies and has agreed
to settle all disputes by pacific means, we
express our loyalty to this principle by
opposing all preparation for war. We con-
demn military training and conscription
and demand universal disarmament."

Ironically enough, after Germany went
anti-communist and anti-Einstein, Einstein
urged preparations for war against Ger-
many (in Patrie Humaine, a newspaper, in
the form of a letter to Alfred Nahon, Bel-
gian "war resister," reprinted in Chicago
Tribune, Sept. 10, 1933), saying:

"There is in the center of Europe a state,
Germany, which is publicly preparing for war
by all means. Tn these conditions the Latin coun-
tries, above all France and Belgium are in great
danger and can only count on their preparedness.
. . . Imagine Belgium occupied by present-day
Germany! It would undoubtedly be worse than
1914. . . . That is why I am telling you in the
most direct fashion that if I were a Belgian /
would not refuse to do military service under the
present circumstances, but on the contrary I
would accept it in full conscience with the feel-
ing that I was contributing to save European
civilization. This does not mean I am renouncing
my former opinion. I desire nothing more than
to see the moment return when refusal to do
military service could be the means of an effi-
cacious fight for the progress of humanity."

Listed "Peace Patriot Sponsors" are:

Roger N. Baldwin. Norman B. Barr, Edwin L.
Clarke, Marguerite W. Clarke, Sarah N. Cleg-
horn, Mary Ware Dennett, Babette Deutsch, Kate
Crane Gartz, C. H. Hamlin, Hornel! Hart, Jesse
H. Holmes, Paul Jones, Alfred Lief, Edwin D.
Meade, Lucia Ames Meade, Henry Neumann,
Kirby Page, Orville S. Poland, John Nevin Sayre,
Vida D. Scudder, Gep. H. Spencer, Sidney Strong
(father of Communist Anna Louise), Margaret
Loring Thomas, Goodwin Watson, Eliot White,
and Wm. Floyd (director).

Hdqts. 114 East 31st St., N.Y. City.



PEN AND HAMMER

Communist clubs; 114 W. 21st St., N.Y.
City; Detroit Pen & Hammer Forum, 111
Forest West; etc.; section of Revolutionary



212



The Red Network



Writers Federation; Chicago club meets in
Kimball Bldg.

PENNSYLVANIA COMMITTEE

FOR TOTAL DISARMAMENT
Pa. Com. for Total Disarm.

A supporting organization of the com-
munist-organized U.S. Congress Against
War; affiliate of the Green International.
Its letterhead slogan is: "Work for a Con-
stitutional Amendment to make war and
preparedness for war illegal for the United
States." Its letter-questionnaire sent out
to statesmen, Mar. 21, 1932, questioning
their position on U.S. national defense
states that the Pa. Com. for Total Disarm,
"was formed two years ago to work for
total world disarmament by example or
by international agreement." Listed on
this letterhead are the following:

Chmn., Wm. I. Hull, Swarthmore; assoc.
chairman, Wm. Eves, 3rd (George School) ; vice
chairmen: David W. Amram, Feasterville ; Henry
J. Cadbury, Haverford; Mrs. Walter Cope, Phila.;
Rev. Wm. H. Fineshreiber, Phila.; Walter W.
Haviland, Lansdowne; Leslie P. Hill, Cheyney;
Jesse H. Holmes, Swarthmore; Darlington Hoopes,
Reading; Maynard C. Krueger, Phila. (now U. of
Chgo. Prof.); Mrs. Helen Martin, Harrisburg;
Rev. Jos. Paul Morres, Ardmore; Vincent D.
Nicholson, Phila.; Andrew G. Smith, Pitts.; Agnes
L. Tierney, Phila.; Nathan P. Walton, New Gar-
den; legislative chairman: Mary Winsor, Haver-
ford; sec., Mrs. Stanley Carnell, Phila.; treas.,
Edw. N. Wright, Moylan; exec, sec., Sophia H.
Dulles, Phila.; Council: John H. Arnett, M.D.,
Phila.; M. Georgina Biddle, Phila.; Andrew J.
Biemiller, Phila.; E. Lewis Burnham, Berwyn;
Mr. and Mrs. Henry H. Collins, 3rd, Phila.;
Helen Crawley, Pitts.; Emily Dawson, Phila.;
Rev. John M. De Chant, Phila.; Dorothea
De Schweinitz, Phila.; Herbert W. Fitzroy, Jr.,
Phila.; Alex. Fleisher, Churchville; Mrs. John F.
Folinsbee, New Hope; Mary K. Gibson, Wynne-
wood; Jessie Gray, Phila.; Allan G. Harper, Har-
risburg; Wm. B. Harvey, West Town; Walter W.
Hyde, Phila.; Mrs. E. E. Kiernan, Phila.; Mrs.
Philip Kind, Jenkintown; Mrs. Spencer King,
Pitts.; Rev. Paul S. Leinbach, Phila.; Mr. and
Mrs. Simon Libros, Cynwyd; Ada F. Liveright,
Phila.; Eliz. G. Marot, Phila.; Mary T. Mason,
Phila.; Raymond E. Maxwell, Greensburg; Mrs.
Mildred S. Olmstead, Moylan; Anna M. W.
Pennypacker, Phila.; Clarence E. Pickett, Phila.;
Edw. C. M. Richards, Pottsville; Florence L.
Sansville, West Town; Arthur Shrigley, Lansdowne;
Mrs. Samuel A. Shuman, Phila. ; D. Owen Stevens,
Pitts.; C. Seymour Thompson, Morton; Geo. L.
Townsend, Pitts.; Geo. T. Underwood, Clearfield;
Ernest N. Votaw, Media; J. Barnard Walton,
Swarthmore; Rev. Ben F. Wilson, Erie; Chas. E.
Wright, Dusquesne; Mrs. Sue C. Yerkes,
Lansdowne.

PEOPLE'S COLLEGE
The "Yours for the Revolution" college
in which Carl D. Thompson of the Public
Ownership League of America played an
active part. Six Socialists associated with
him in this venture became affiliated with
the Non-Partisan League (Geo. D. Brewer,



Marion Wharton, Kate Richards O'Hare,
Chas. Edw. Russell, John M. Work,
Arthur Le Sueur) . "The Peoples College-
Fort Scott, Kansas, J. I. Sheppard, Presi-
dent Eugene V. Debs, Chancellor Arthur
Le Sueur, Vice President 'To remain
ignorant is to remain a slave' " was printed
on the letterhead of a letter dated Jan. 12,
1916, addressed to Timothy Woodham,
Fairdale, No. Dakota, which said:

"Dear Comrade: Answering yours of the 7th
instant will say that we will hold all lessons and
material until we hear from you again with another
address. You are making first class work with
the law study, and if you have the nerve to stick
through with it I feel that you will strike many
a valiant blow to the damned old capitalist system
that makes it necessary for a man to worry about
becoming unvagranted. At any rate, Comrade,
you can rest assured now and for all time, that
we are Yours for the Revolution, (signed)
Arthur L. Le Sueur, Vice President."

The International Socialist Review, May
191 S, advertising it, said:

/'Study law in your own school and save money.
We offer all that the capitalist schools offer you
and something else they canot give. . . . Remember
the Peoples College is the only school in the
world owned and controlled by the working class.
. . . On its controlling board are Caroline A.
Lowe, George D. Brewer, Charles P. Stein-
metz, Duncan P. McDonald, George Allen Eng-
land, George R. Kirkpatrick, J. Stitt Wilson, John
M. Work, Marion Wharton, Carl D. Thompson."

PEOPLE'S COUNCIL OF AMERICA
People's Coun.

According to its own literature and the
Lusk Report, it was " 'modeled after the
Council of Workmen's and Soldiers' Coun-
cils, the sovereign power of Russia today,' "
whose "Proclamation to the People of the
Whole World" appealing for Red revolution
everywhere and saying "Proletarians of
all countries unite! . . . Long live the
international solidarity of the proletariat
and its struggle for final victory" signed
by the "Petrograd Council of Workers and
Soldiers Deputies" was reprinted and
widely distributed in the People's Council
Bulletin of Aug. 17, 1917 with the note:
"The original copy of this bulletin was
smuggled over to this country." The Lusk
Report says: "We have in Lochner's run-
ning footnotes in the People's Council
Bulletin of Aug. 7, 1917 'proof of the
altogether socialistic cooperation of these
People's Councillors as well as a forecast
of the Bolshevist revolution of Nov.
1917'"; a telegram sent March 3, 1918,
signed by Lochner, Scott Nearing and
James Maurer, to the "People's Commis-
sars at Petrograd" said: "People's Coun-
cil of America for democratic peace repre-
senting 300 radical groups in 42 states has
consistently stood for Russian formula of



Organizations, Etc.



213



no annexations, no indemnities, and self
determination. We urge you to make no
other terms."

"By 1917," says the Lusk Report, "the
old peace strategy having worn rather
thin, Lochner and his followers came more
and more into the open with their revo-
lutionary Socialism." People's Councils
were formed all over the U.S. aided openly
by the committee (Lola M. Lloyd, Carl
Haessler, etc.), and quietly through pri-
vate cooperation by Jane Addams (who
recommended Norman Thomas, Rabbi
Magnus for certain posts, etc.), and with
Max Eastman, James H. Maurer, I.W.W.'s,
and other radical speakers, holding mass
meetings extensively, at which the Russian
system was extolled and the American
denounced. The U.S. was then at war. It
is no wonder that Roger Baldwin became
a little uneasy and advised typical Red
camouflage in his letter of Aug. 21, 1917
to Lochner, saying: "1. Do steer away
from making it look like a Socialist enter-
prise. Too many people have already got-
ten the idea that it is nine-tenths a Social-
ist movement. 2. Do get into the move-
ment just as strong as possible the leaders
in labor circles . . . not the radical Social-
ists. . . . Also bring to the front the
farmers. ... 3. I think it is an error to
get the public thinking we are launching
a political party at Minneapolis. To be
sure we are launching a political move-
ment but that is quite another matter from
a political point. It is a mistake already
to have tied up with the name of Mr.
LaFollette fine as he is. ... 4. We want
to look like patriots in everything we do.
We want to get a lot of good flags, talk
a good deal about the Constitution and
what our forefathers wanted to make of
this country, and to show we are the folks
that really stand for the spirit of our
institutions." Lochner, answering (Aug. 24,
1917), agreed to all four points even to "I
agree with you that we should keep pro-
claiming our loyalty and patriotism. I will
see to it we have flags and similar para-
phernalia."

When it was expected that anarchists
Emma Goldman and Alex Berkman would
be elected to the Council's Assembly (Mor-
ris Hillquit was their attorney), Lochner,
from Minneapolis hdqts., wrote the Peo-
ple's Council's N.Y. hdqts.: "As for Berk-
man and Goldman, I do hope they will
not be elected. Here people are awfully
stirred up about the I.W.W. ... but if in
addition we have those two splendid
fighters for liberty with us that may be



too big a burden to carry. . . . Personally I
have only the highest regard for the two."
However, public opinion arose to such a
pitch that Gov. Burnquist of Minnesota
barred the People's Council from holding
a meeting in that state because, if held, it
might "result in bloodshed, rioting and loss
of life" and could "have no other effect
than that of aiding and abetting the
enemies of this country." They held a
convention in Chicago, Sept. 2, 1917, but
were finally dispersed by order of the
Gov. of Illinois.

A "Justice to Russia" bulletin (which I
have seen) tells of a People's Council mass
meeting addressed by John Haynes Holmes
and others which passed the following
resolution: "This mass meeting of citizens
assembled in the Madison Square Garden
this 25th day of May, 1919, congratulates
the people of Russia upon having thus far
maintained a successful revolution against
the powers of reaction in the face of ter-
rific obstacles interposed from within and
without and sends greetings of sympathy
and solidarity to the people of Russia and
to the Federated Soviet Republics," etc.
(It demanded: lifting the Russian blocade;
that troops be recalled; that the American
Govt. refuse to recognize counter revo-
lution, etc.). Published by Peoples Print,
138 W. 13th St., N.Y.C.

Among names listed on the organizing
committee of the People's Council we find:

Emily Greene Balch, Jos. D. Cannon, H. W. L.
Dana, Eugene V. Debs, Mary Ware Dennett,
Crystal and Max Eastman, Edmund C. Evans of
Single Tax Society, P. Geliebter of Workmen's
Circle, Morris Hillquit, Bishop Paul Jones, Alger-
non Lee, Rabbi Judah L. Magnes, James H.
Maurer, Rev. Howard Melish, Scott Nearing,
James O'Neal, Jacob Panken, Benj. Schlesinger,
Jos. Schlossberg, Rose Schneidermann, Sidney
Strong of Seattle, Mrs. Wm. I. Thomas (sec.
Womens Peace Party, Chgo.), Irwin St. John
Tucker, John D. Works (former U.S. Sen.), etc.,
etc. Officers: Louis Lochner, exec, sec.; Leila Fay



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