Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Dilling.

The red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots online

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victory to victory. The action is not so
spectacular, the victories not so notable,
that they awaken nation wide interest . . .
but they are the necessary steps . . . and
as such are quite as essential as the others
. . . and may ultimately prove to be the
one sure approach to the larger achieve-
ments." (Emphasis supplied.)

The Nov. 1933 issue of "Public Owner-
ship," organ of the Public Ownership Lg.
headlined the following:

OWNERSHIP Comes Out Baldly for
Nationalization of Banks, Currency and
Credit Millions Hear Him."

The jubilant article beneath this head-
line states in part:

"Father Coughlin's heroic stand brings
encouragement to those of us who have
come to the same conclusions and who are
urging the same remedy. Through his
national hookup, Father Coughlin's ad-
dresses reach no less than ten millions of
people in the United States, and by way
of cables across the sea, reach many
millions more in England and Continental
Europe. This is an educational effort of
unparalleled extent and significance and
means much to the country. In the course
of his address, he told his hearers that any
who wished to have copies of his speeches
could get them by merely addressing to
him a request for them. We rushed in our
request, and would certainly advise all of
our readers to do the same. Address Rev.
Chas. E. Coughlin, Box ISO, Detroit,

In the light of what is now being done

Organizations, Etc.


in Washington, Carl D. Thompson's leaflet
entitled "Are Socialists Practical," issued
when he was director in the National
Office of the Socialist Party, 1912-16, about
20 years ago, is interesting and prophetic.
He said: "Some folks object to Socialism
because they say it's impractical it won't
work. We are going to answer that objec-
tion. As a matter of fact Socialists are the
most practical people in the world today.

"First they have actually succeeded in
putting into the statute books of the
various states 134 different laws. ... A
hundred and thirty-four measures of that
kind, secured by the merest minority of
representatives, is surely a good beginning.
But it is only the beginning.

"The measures mentioned above are,
after all, only the less important parts of
the program of Socialism. They are such
as the old party politicians thought they
were compelled to pass, throwing them out
as a sop to the growing Socialist sentiment
in the country. They hope thereby to
stop Socialism, not to advance it.

"We want no one to think these sops
are Socialism. By no means. We want
something more than sops. We want the
whole soup. We are going to take all the
sops they give and thereby gain strength
to get the whole feed. . . . Fighting it out
on this line will . . . finally overthrow
capitalism. (Emphasis supplied.)

"States under the direction of this Social-
ist program, and finally the nation, will
take over one after the other the public
utilities, mines, railroads, pov/er plants, tele-
graph and telephone systems, waterways,
forests." (Communism.)

"The Socialists will push their campaigns.
They will elect more representatives in the
states where they already have them. They
will win seats in new states. They will
capture cities. Later they will control State
Legislatures, and finally, the United States
Congress and the Supreme Court. . . .
Socialism will push the tendency to its
logical conclusion. ... Is not this a prac-
tical program? There is nothing else that
IS practical." "Public Ownership," organ
of the Pub. O. Lg., Feb. 1924 stated: "Five
years ago we were a voice crying in the
wilderness on this public ownership ques-
tion. Today a chain of powerful daily
papers, monthly and weekly journals reach-
ing every section of the continent is carry-
ing our story. . . . Ten students from one
Chicago High School, the Crane Technical,
called upon the League recently. They
were all required to write a theme of
2,000 words on the subject."

Voters are deluged with public owner-
ship propaganda during campaigns. "It is
not unusual for the League to handle
sometimes three or four lists of voters in
towns and villages in a single day," says
Thompson, and "Careful canvasses of Con-
gress are made to supply them with
information. Conferences are arranged
with Congressmen and other public offi-
cials who are willing to give government
ownership their attention." And yet
Thompson says the League is non-political!

Rejoicing over Wisconsin State legis-
lation manipulated by the League is
expressed in the 1928-29 Report and
Thompson calls particular attention to
their economical system of reaching every
voter in a community with public owner-
ship literature under Senator Norris*
frank! Cooperation of the Methodist Fed-
eration for Social Service and the Debs
Memorial Radio station (WEVD, station
of the 4A Atheist Society), is reported, as
might be expected.

National office: 127 N. Dearborn St.,
Room 1439, Chicago.

1933 Secretary and leader, Carl D. Thompson;
treas., Chas. H. Ingersoll; pres., Willis J. Spauld-
ing; vice presidents: W. T. Rawleigh, J. D. Ross,
John R. Haynes, Robt. M. LaFollette, Jr., Charles
Edward Russell, E. F. Scattergood, D. B. Robert-
son, L. E. Sheppard, Rudolph Spreckels, William
T. Evjue, M. C. Parsons, Arthur P. Davis, Lynn
J. Frazier, C. H. Foster, John A. Ryan, E. H.
Fitzgerald, A. Emil Davies, Theo. F. Thieme,
Amos Pinchot, Bishop F. T. McConnell, S. A.
Stockwell, E. J. Manion, C. C. Dill, Homer T.
Bone, Chas. W. Ward, William Madgett, Edward
P. Costigan, Gov. Floyd B. Olson, Thos. R.
Amlie. Executive Committee: William H. Holly,
chairman; Otto Cullman, James H. McGill, Fay
Lewis, Edward F. Dunne, Grace F. Peter, Wiley
W. Mills, S. J. Konenkamp, David Rosenheim,
Margaret Haley, Ralph U. Thompson, John J.
Walt, James H. Andrews, Clarence Darrow,
George A. Schilling, R. E. McDonnell.

In 1920 the officers were Carl D. Thompson,
as ever, secretary; Albert M. Todd, pres.; Chas.
H. Ingersoll, treas.; vice presidents: Jane Addams,
Frank P. Walsh, Warren S. Stone, Chas. Zueb-
lin, David J. Lewis, Hon. Lynn J. Frazier, Amos
Pinchot, Carl S. Vrooman, Glenn E. Plumb, Delos
F. Wilcox, Frederic C. Howe, Timothy Shea,
Wm. Lemke. Executive Board: Otto Cullman,
Dr. G. H. Sherman, James H. McGill, Willis J.
Spaulding, Duncan MacDonald, Fay Lewis, Chas.
K. Mohler, Ed. V. de La Grange, Edw. F. Dunne,
Harriet T. Treadwell, Austin P. Raines, Grace F.
Peter, Wm. Rodriguez, Wiley W. Mills, S. J.



Formerly National Railroad Workers
Industrial Union, a communist T.U.U.L.
union; the Chicago branch organ is "Rail-
road Unity News," pub. at 2003 N. Cali-
fornia Ave., C. A. Adams, chmn.


The Red Network


Communist T.U.U.L. union; hdqts. Otto
Wangerin, 717 East 63rd St., Chicago.


A Socialist training school for labor
agitators formerly heavily supported by
the Garland Fund (see) and owned by the
American Socialist Society, which was con-
victed under the Espionage act in 1919 and
fined $3,000 for "feloniously obstructing
enlistment service of the U.S." and for
publishing and distributing a pamphlet
"The Great Madness" by Scott Nearing, a
regular instructor there. Among other
regular instructors were H. W. L. Dana,
Alex. Trachtenberg, Louis P. Lochner,
Norman Thomas, D. P. Berenberg, Alger-
non Lee, Herman Epstein, Ludwig Lore,
etc. Evidence produced in the Lusk Report
illustrates its teachings namely: class hate;
to "Take Over the State"; to fight gov-
ernment defense; work for U.S. disarma-
ment; class consciousness; red agitation of
all kinds.

"Iri the Rand Book Store, run in con-
junction with the Rand School itself, and
which contributes toward the support of
the school, are found works dealing not
only with Socialism and extreme radical
thought, but a large number of books on
sex problems, and a section of the book
store is devoted solely to the subject of
sex. These sex books are sold to boys and
girls of immature age, and one of these
books, entitled 'Love and Marriage* by
Marie C. Stopes, was sold to a young lad
of fifteen. Some portions of the book are
of an extremely lascivious and indecent
character." (Lusk Report.)

It publishes the American Labor Year
Book (of radical activities), which states
that in 1932 it had 231 students, that its
lecturers included John Dewey, Marc Con-
nolly, Jos. Schlossberg, George Soule, Hen-
drik Van Loon, John B. Watson, Anita
Block, etc. and names: Algernon Lee as
pres. of the staff; W. E. Born as educa-
tional director; Nathan Fine as dir. of
research dept., which publishes the Am.
Labor Year Book; and Anna Bercovitz as
exec. dir.

At a meeting held Apr. 27, 1933 attended
by some 400 Socialists and sympathizers,
pledges were made for a fund of SI 7,000
to save the school from loss of its quar-
ters, "Peoples House." Among those
pledging support were John Dewey, Ex-
Congressman La Guardia, Norman Thomas,

John Haynes Holmes, and Morris Hillquit.
An appeal was sent out asking for funds
signed by the above and also by Upton
Sinclair, Paul Douglas, Gilbert Seldes, Wm.
H. Kilpatrick, Stuart Chase, Oswald Gar-
rison Villard, Chas. A. Beard, Wm. P.
Montague, Clarence Senior, Heywood
Broun, Helen Keller, Margaret I. Lamont,
Fanny Hurst, Hendrik Willem Van Loon,
Eliz. Gilman, Jerome Davis, Broadus Mit-
chell, Elmer Rice, Michael Strange. The
appeal stated: "We join with John Dewey
in saying: 'It would be a calamity to
intelligent untrammeled thought and
speech everywhere ... all sincere friends
of sound adult education MUST JOIN IN
OPEN.'" ("The Nation," July 5, 1933.)
Hdqts. 7 East 15th St., N.Y. City.


Of Los Angeles, etc.; Communist dra-
matic group affiliated with the League of
Workers Theatres (the American section
of the Intl. Union of the Revolutionary


Recep. Banq. Com. for Ford.

As announced by the Communist Chi-
cago paper, "Workers Voice," Oct. 15,
1932: The Communist Party and a "non-
partisan" committee sponsored a reception
banquet for "white and negro workers and
intellectuals" in honor of James W. Ford,
colored Communist Vice Presidential
candidate held Thursday, Oct. 18, 1932,
10 P.M. at Alvin Hall, 51st St. and
Michigan Ave., Chicago. The committee
was composed of:

Lucius Harper (mg. ed. Chicago Defender),
chmn.; Frank Hamilton, sec.; I.L.D. atty. Albert
Goldman, treas. ; Prof. Frederick L. Schuman, U.
of C.; Rev. Raymond Bragg (sec. Western
Unitarian Conf.); Mrs. Bragg; Thomas McKenna
(A.C.L.U. exec, sec.) ; Perry O. Thompson
(editor Chicago Review) ; Rev. O. F. Peterson
(pres. of Phylanx Club); Miss Thelma McWater;
Dr. James W. McCaskill; Dr. Homer Cooper;
Geo. W. Clark; John Williamson (Party func-
tionary) ; Mrs. Blanche Cole Lowenthal (social
worker) ; Carl Haessler of the Communist
Workers School.


Recep. Com. Soviet Flyers.

A committee formed by the communist
Friends of the Soviet Union (F.S.U.) to
welcome and raise funds for the Soviet
flyers who, in September 1929, flew from
Moscow to New York (photographing
landing fields and gathering other military

Organizations, Etc.


information on their way). A letter sent
out on stationery headed "Reception Com-
mittee for Soviet Flyers Auspices of the
Friends of the Soviet Union 175 Fifth
Ave., Room 304, New York" said in part:
"To commemorate this first Moscow-New
York flight, we want to present these
flyers with a present. We want to give
them something that they can take back
to the workers and peasants of Russia to
help them in their economic and agricul-
tural upbuilding. . . . During the famine
days, appeals for help from the Soviet
Union met with splendid response. Those
days are now over. Now we are helping
the Soviet Union to build its new society.
The money you send will be devoted to
this one end, and this only, to buy trac-
tors and trucks to be given to the Soviet
airmen for the Russian people." Members
of the committee listed on this letterhead

S. Alexanderson, Jack Baker, Roger N. Baldwin,
Forrest Bailey, Louis B. Boudin, J. M. Budish,
Heywood Broun, Louis F. Budenz, Ralph E.
Blount, H. Bank, S. W. Barnett, A. Brenner,
Nathan Beilas, Carl Brodsky, Joseph R. Brodsky,
Mike Belcastro, A. Basskoff, Paul Brissenden,
David Burlind, Dr. Frank Hurburt Booth, Stuart
Chase, Ann Coles, E. Calligan, Sonia Chaikin,
Bertha Crawford, Chas. H. Calvin, S. Citvet,
K. M. Chen, Harry W. L. Dana, Margaret
DeSilver, Anna N. Davis, Horace B. Davis. W.
E. B. Du Bois, Robert Dunn, Jerome Davis,
Solon DeLeon, Virginia Ellen, J. Evans, A.
Freidenferd, Hilja Frilund, A. Fox, Lewis S. Gan-
nett, Dorothy Gary, F. Geschlecht, M. Grener,
Milton Goodman, Dr. A. L. Goldwater, Dr. I. B.
Goodman, Pauline Gorbaty, F. Goodstone, Mike
Gold, Arthur Garfield Hays, Ellen Hayes, Dr.
Alice Hamilton, Henry T. Hunt, Grace Hutchins,
Y. Hsu, T. Hoyos, Anna T. Haines, John Haynes
Holmes, Timothy Healy, Paul Jones. Dr. Oakley
Johnson, William Johnson, I. A. Kittine, Alfred
Kreymbqrg, Walter Kowolsky, Bertha Kaleva, M.
Kniazewich, Dr. Horace M. Kallen, Jacob Kepecs,
N. Kotlenko, Esther Lowell, Lola Maverick
Lloyd, Walter Landauer, L. Landy, Geo. Laitsch,
Irma Lee, M. Lurie, Ernest Lundeen, M. Maich-
alowski, Darwin J. Meserole, Frank Mozer, Mar-
garet A. Marsh, Roy Mezara, J. Miller, D'Arcy
Milliken, John Morelly, G. Mink, M. Malyk,
Dr. A. Markoff, Dr. J. Mindel, James Mo, P.
Mueller, S. Merz, Chas. Musil, Scott Nearing,
Dr. Per Nelson, A. Olken, Harvey O'Connor, M.
Olgin, Frank L. Palmer, Alex Pappas, Henry W.
Pinkham, Leon Pruscika, M. Piser, Rose Paul,
J. Pearl, Ruth H. Pearson, F. Piskothy, M. Pitt-
koff, J. S. Joyntz, Dr. L. M. Powell, Anna
Rochester, Gilbert E. Roc, J. F. Romese, William
Ross, S. B. Russack, Edith Rudquist, J. Rappo-
port, M. Rosenblatt, J. Reed, Dr. Karl Sandberg,
Freda Sahud, Dr. Moses Sahud, Art Shields, Dr.
David Saletan, A. Trachtenberg, H. Silverman,
A. W. Sevtrino, E. R. Stout, J. Stillman, Carlo
Tresca, Ben Thomas, N. Turlewich, Mary Heaton
Vorse, Arthur Warner, A. Wagenknecht, Lillian
Wald, E. Wickstrom, J. B. Collings Woods, Helen
Yaskevich, M. Zibel, John Zatko; Jessie Lloyd,
sec.; Jacques Buitenkant, treas.

The Committee was revived in 1933 to
raise funds for the Soviet flyers, return-

ing this time without their plane, the
money to be donated to buy machinery
for Russia.


Are "group visits" of the Fellowship of
Reconciliation under the direction of Clar-
ence V. Howell, who urged support of the
Communist Party and announced he was
voting Communist in the 1932 election
(Christian Century, Sept. 21, 1932).
According to Howell's definition of the
Trips: "The Purpose: is to reconcile
group to group as well as person to per-
son. . . . The Method: ... to bring quar-
relling persons or anti-pathetic groups
face to face at the point of conflict under
cordial auspices. So we conduct nordic
blondes, many southerners, into the heart
of Negro Harlem. . . . We conduct the
same kind of trips to thirty other groups.
Reconciliation trips are now being con-
ducted in New York, Chicago, Milwaukee,
Syracuse and Boston."

"Cooperating Educators" see that Col-
lege young people are formed into groups
and taken to Communist, Socialist, and
I.W.W. headquarters, where they are given
propaganda lectures. They listen to sex
lectures and participate in sex discussions.
The trips are made attractive by taking the
young people to unusual places to dine,
such as "Black and Tan" joints, "Dill
Pickle Clubs," or those having fantastic or
foreign customs. Revolutionary songs are
sung and the idea advanced that the trips
are venturesome educational larks and not
propaganda tours.

Of course the propaganda of Communism
is the reconciliation of all religions into
no-religion and all varying moral laws into
no-moral law.

The Chicago Herald and Examiner (N.
Shore edition, Oct. 9, 1933) described one
trip taken by Northwestern Students and
others led by Frank Orman Beck which
visited Socialist Party headquarters and
included a round-table symposium at Hull
House, and to quote: "The highlight of
the trip was a visit to the West Side
Workers' Forum at 338 S. Halsted St.,
headquarters of Unemployed Council C 1
The tourists were greeted by the militant
words of the 'Internationale' lustily intoned
by more than 300 Communist sympathizers
who had gathered for the regular Saturday
night discussion meeting." This was fol-
lowed by a question box period at the
Communist headquarters.

Each week (in spite of complaints) the
"Daily Northwestern," college paper (Evan-


The Red Network

ston, 111.), makes announcements of these
Reconciliation Trips conducted by Frank
Orman Beck (I have also seen the
announcements on Tittle's M.E. Church
bulletin board). A front-page column
(Nov. IS, 1929) devoted to describing one
trip promised "The tour will leave the
Public Health Institute, 159 N. Dearborn
St., Chicago, at 9 o'clock Saturday morn-
ing. The first trip of inspection will be
through the largest venereal disease clinic
in the world," etc.

To quote from the printed program of
another tour headed "Love, Sex, Marriage,
and the Family," Saturday, July 12, 1930:
"There has been too great a tendency to
regard this aspect of life as something
dangerous. The trip is an honest facing
of facts, hoping thereby to make some
contribution to a positive and constructive
ideal of the place of love and sex in life."

"Northwestern University, 8:15 A.M.
Leave Davis St. 'L.' Chicago University,
8:15 A.M. Leave Reynolds Club. . . .
2 P.M. Clinic of the American Social
Hygiene Assn. and the American Birth
Control League. 'Sex and Health' will be
presented by Rachelle S. Yarros, M.D.
(General discussion and inspection of the
clinic.) 4 P.M. 'Companionate Marriage,'
a round table discussion, 6 P.M. Stroll by
the Oak St. Beach, the city's most popular
playground through area where 'the night
club is the thing . . . land of the new
Hedonism." (An atheist term) "... 8:15
P.M. 'What Is There About Life Man
Should Not Know,' Lee Alexander Stone,
M.D. . . . general discussion and summary.
9:30 P.M. Dill Pickle Club, No. 18 Tooker
Alley. . . . Frank Orman Beck, director,
2000 Sheridan Rd., Evanston, 111. Russel
de Long, assistant."

A poster for a New York trip (Mar. 21,
1931), "For Everybody," headlines for its
program: "Margaret Sanger, Dr. Eugene
L. Swan on 'Love Art,' Dr. Eliot White on
'Companionate Marriage'; 3:30 P.M. Love
art which depicts the Art of Love where
goodness and beauty meet in uplifting
ecstacy . . . 6:30 P.M. Ceylon India dinner
. . . 7:15 P.M. Psychologist on 'What Is
Love?' . . . 9:15 General symposium.
Books to read": (a list of sex books by
V. F. Calverton, Judge Ben. Lindsey, Mar-
garet Sanger is given.) "Conducted by Clar-
ence V. Howell, N.Y."

Another program for a tour, "Especially
arranged by Prof. LeRoy Bowman for his
class in Columbia U. and for all who care
to go," features "Frank Olmstead, friend
of Judge Lindsey on 'Companionate Mar-

riage' and V. F. Calverton on 'Changes in
Sex Attitudes Versus Monogamy" (Jan.
13, 1931). Sex books by Calverton (the
Marxist), Judge Lindsey and Margaret
Sanger are listed for preparatory reading.

Another poster program, headed "Visit
Anarchists, Communists, Socialists, Roch-
dale Cooperative, I.W.W.'s. How profound
the ignorance of most people on what the
radical really believes," lists on its pro-
gram: "2:15 P.M. 'What the Anarchists
Believe and How They Have Helped Mod-
ern Education,' 219 Second Ave. by
Harry Kelly, an Anarchist. Answers to
questions. 3:15 P.M. Leave. Walk west
to 26-28 Union Square, Workers Party
Hdqts. (communist). 3:30 P.M. 'What
the Communists Believe and How They
Propose to Achieve Their Ends' by Com-
rade Biedenkapp. Answers to questions.
4:45 P.M. West to Rand School of Social
Science, 7 E. 15th St. 5 P.M. 'What Social-
ists Would Do With the City, State,
Nation and World' by August Claessens,
executive secretary Socialist Party, Local
New York. Answers to questions. 6:45
P.M. Dinner Rochdale Cooperative Restau-
rant . . . others Russian Restaurants (Rus-
sian Balalaika orchestra). 8:30 'Their
Preamble The Basis on Which the I.W.W.
Organized Unskilled and Skilled Workers
Whom Others Had Failed to Organize,' 31
Coentis Slip by Fellow Worker Leigh H.
Bearce. Answers to questions. This will be
followed for those who can remain, with
a chance to meet the I.W.W. 10 P.M.
Leave for home. Directors Clarence V.
Howell, Ida Oatley Howell, Marvin H.
Shore. For everyone who cares to attend.
Expenses 75c for each trip . . . Add cost of
dinner. Pay on trip. Reconciliation Trips,
229 W. 48th St., N.Y."

Director Howell in a release listing pro-
grams said: "All trips, except four, this
year in New York City were sponsored by
professors or ether groups." He lists:
" 'Love, New Sex Ideals,' 'Conflict of Cul-
tures' sponsored by LeRoy E. Bowman;
'New Religions (sometimes called Cults)'
by Arthur L. Swift ; 'Radical Labor Head-
quarters' by Jerome Davis; 'Atheist,' 'Dope,
drink,' 'Union Labor,' 'Social Settlement,'
etc. by Wm. M. Gilbert; 'Negro, Harlem
and Radical Headquarters' by Lyford P.
Edwards of St. Stephens College (see) ;
five trips each summer for Summer Con-
ference at Union Theological Seminary;
New Riverside Church High School Dept.,
also Guild trips,' " etc., etc. Y.W.C.A. and
Y.M.C.A. branches frequently sponsor and
advertise trips.

Organizations, Etc.


The Reconciliation Trips letterhead lists
as its "Committee":

Prof. LeRoy E. Bowman of Columbia U.,
chmn.; Julia Pettee, 85 Bedford St., treas.; Ed-
mund B. Chaffee; Winifred L. Chappell (of the
Communist P. G. for F. and F. campaign com-
mittee); Frederick B. Newell; Arthur L. Swift
of Union Theol. Sem.; Frederick M. Thrasher of
New York U.; C. Everett Wagner; Chas. C.
Webber; and "Cooperating Educators": Harrison
S. Elliott, Daniel J. Fleming. Robt. Ernest Hume,
Harry F. Ward, Gaylord S. White, for Union
Theol. Sem.; Jerome Davis, for Yale Divinity
School; Sarah E. D. Sturges, for National School,
Y.W.C.A.; Walter W. Pettit for N.Y. School of
Social Work; Chas. Homer Boynton for General
Theol. Sem; Sidney E. Goldstein and Stephen S.
Wise for Jewish Institute of Religion; Thos. C.
Blaisdell, LeRoy E. Bowman, Henry R. Seager
for Columbia U.; Clarence G. Dittmer, Louis R.
Spriggs, Frederick M. Thrasher for New York
U.; Eliz. F. Baker, Mabel Foote Weeks for Bar-
nard Coll.; Arthur Dickson for Coll. of City of
N.Y.; Paul M. Limbert for Franklin and Marshall
Coll.; Twila Lytton Cavert (wife of Samuel
McCrea Cavert) for Sarah Lawrence Coll.; S.
Ralph Harlow for Smith Coll.; Adelaide T. Case,
John L. Childs, Daniel H. Kulp, Sarah L. Pat-
rick, F. Tredwell Smith for Teachers Coll.; Wm.
M. Gilbert for Drew Theol. Sem.


This is the title of a 1933 book, "A
Symposium edited by Samuel Schmaul-
hausen," on the "revolutionary trends in
all major countries," by writers who favor
a Red revolution of violence.

Editor Schmaulhausen (p. 476) says:
"We, the people, must recover from Cap-
italism, a disease that has wasted and
undermined our lives. Recovery through
revolution ! That's the road of sanity in
our insane social order. . . . Life and
creation belong henceforth to Commu-

He also says (p. 468): "I have long
maintained that if the Communists in
Soviet Russia had never done anything
else of great moment than to undo the
evil power of the church . . . they would
deserve in ensuing centuries of light and
liberation the immortal thanks and affec-
tion of their mortal fellow men. . . . From
a psychiatric point of view religion is a
compound neurosis; it specializes in teach-
ing men and women to feel inferior . . . ;
not only that but to feel ashamed of their
sexual impulses. ... If the modern mind
and our civilized emotions are to be saved
. . . the very first task of a new social
order is to eliminate the church completely
from among man's institutions." Speaking
of liberty, he says (p. 471) : "A proletarian
revolution . . . must revoke , this liberty
which is so precious to the classes pursuing
profit and prestige. , , . Class consciousness

is the newer and deeper type of fraternity.
Comradeship in Communism . . . attained
by means of socialization of the State and

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