the communization of cultural and human
Robert Briffault, of England, another
contributor, tells (p. 486) that promis-
cuity, nudism, sex expression is a revolt
against the Dictatorship of the Bourgeoisie
with its present Christian tabus concern-
ing sex, family and marriage, but that the
way to abolish these tabus is to abolish the
Dictatorship of the Bourgeoisie by a
violent Red Revolution.
Says he (p. 494): "To argue with a
Christian, a business man, a senator, an
old lady of independent means, or an influ-
ential university pundit is puerile. . . . The
only instruments of persuasion relevant to
the case are lethal weapons. Force is the
only argument. Those who cannot be per-
suaded must perforce be liquidated. The
social revolution . . . cannot be effected
without a considerable liquidation of irra-
tionalists. . . . Failure of gentle intellectuals
to perceive that necessity is one of the
most pathetic effects of their failure to
apprehend the Marxian key thought. ..."
V. F. Calverton, the Sex and Communist
author, says on p. 390: "It is only by
revolution that that realization" (of Com-
munism) "can be translated into action.
It is no little task that confronts us and
it behooves us to gather up all our energies
and dedicate all our strength to its achieve-
Other contributors' r are: Maxmilian Olay>
Anarchist-Communist: Prof. Robt. Morss
Lovett of Chicago; John Gunther, Chicago
Daily News correspondent; H. N. Brails-
ford, G. D. H. Cole, Harold J. Laski, of
England ; Lewis Corey ; Louis Fischer, since
1922 principally in Russia; Ludwig Lore;
Max Nomad; Walter Polakov; Sachio Oka,
Japanese Red; Chi-Chen Wang, Chinese
lecturer at Columbia U. since 1929; Her-
man Simpson, former teacher City Col-
lege, N.Y.; Gaetano Salvemini, barred from
Italy, but visiting professor at Yale 1932,
Harvard 1930; Edwin D. Schoonmaker,
former college professor; Arnold Roller,
the pen name of the author of "Anti-
militarist syndicalist pamphlets on Direct
Action and the Revolutionary General
Strike . . . has so far been in 35 countries
and 8 jails. ... He has traveled through
all Caribbean and most South American
countries to get acquainted with the back-
ground and the men behind the revolution-
ary movements in these regions. . . . He
was also a translator, smuggler, hod car-
The Red Network
rier and even lecturer." (Contributor to
"The Nation," "New Masses," etc.)
OF LABOR UNIONS
The Profintern's international federation
of communist Moscow-directed unions;
the Trade Union Unity League (formerly
known as the Trade Union Educational
League, then and now headed by Wm. Z.
Foster) is the American section; Confed-
eration Generale du Travail Unitaire is the
French section; founded in England in 1921
led by Tom Mann; its magazine, "R.I.
L.U." published at 59 Cromer St., London
W.C.I, is sold at all Communist book-
RED SPORTS INTERNATIONAL
Moscow's international Communist sports
organization of which the Labor Sports
Union is the American section; called the
second line of defense of the Soviet Union
by U.S.S.R. Commissar of Army and
Navy Voroshilov. Conducted a Spar-
takiade (sports contest) at Moscow 1933
attended by delegates from all over the
A San Francisco A.C.L.U. and commu-
nist I.L.D. committee working for repeal
of syndicalism laws (against sedition).
Communist T.U.U.L. union.
American section of Moscow's communist
"International Union of Revolutionary
Writers" (of the International Bureau of
Revolutionary Literature) ; it formed the
Workers Cultural Federation (see) ; it
includes the John Reed Club Writers
Group, Proletpen, Hungarian Proletarian
Writers and Worker-Correspondents Assn.,
Japanese Cultural Federation, Finnish Cul-
tural Federation, Lithuanian Literary Dra-
matic Group, Jack London Club, Pen and
Hammer, Student Review (New Masses,
Ap. 1933) ; American author members who
served on the 1933 staff of the Inter-
national Union of Revolutionary Writers
issuing its organ "Intl. Literature" include:
Upton Sinclair, Michael Gold, A. Magil, John
Dos Passos, Erajo Basshe, Walter Cannon, Theo-
dore Dreiser, Fred Ellis, Ed. Falkowski, Jos Free-
man, Josephine Herbst, Langston Hughes, Joseph
Kalar, Joshua Kunitz, Louis Lozowick, Norman
Chambers, Charles Yale Harrison, Melvin P. Levy,
Harry Alan Potamkin, K. Wallace.
Issues a monthly "Literary Service"
edited by Keene Wallis of the John Reed
Club, beginning Aug. 1932. Typical of the
efforts of these writers is this sacrilegious
poem by Langston Hughes, Negro poet:
You did alright in your day, I reckon-
But that day's gone now.
They ghosted you up a swell story too,
Called it Bible
But its dead now.
The popes and the preachers 'ye
Made too much money from it.
They've sold you to too many
"Kings, generals, robbers and killers-
Even to the Czar and the Cossacks,
Even to Rockefeller's church,
Even to THE SATURDAY EVENING
You ain't no good no more.
They've pawned you
Till you've done wore out.
Christ Jesus Lord God Jehova,
Beat it on away from here now.
Make way for a new guy with no religion
A real guy named
Marx Communist Lenin Peasant Stalin
"I said, ME!
"Go Ahead on now,
You're getting in the way of things, Lord.
And please take Saint Ghandi with you
when you go,
And Saint Pope Pius,
And Saint Aimie McPherson,
And big black Saint Becton
Of the Consecrated Dime.
And step on the gas, Christ!
Don't be so slow about movin'!
The world is mine from now on
And nobody's gonna sell ME
To a king, or a general,
Or a millionaire."
Communist T.U.U.L. union.
Prior to 1924 a circular sent out by the
communist Friends of Soviet Russia (Whit-
ney's "Reds in Am.") read: "The Friends
of Soviet Russia, Local New York, has
just opened a joint campaign for the Rus-
sian-American Industrial Corporation and
the Children's Homes in Soviet Russia.
The corporation, formed recently in the
Amalgamated, has for its purpose the pro-
motion of industrial activity in Russia by
raising sufficient capital to start large fac-
tories. A million dollars is needed for the
initial capital, and thousands have already
purchased stock, which sells at $10 a share.
Every worker who wishes to see Soviet
Russia prosper must lend his financial
assistance to this project." Sidney Hillman
of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers
headed this organization. Lenin, Eugene
V. Debs, Jane Addams, P. Steinmetz, Con-
gressman LaGuardia, etc., were listed as
One of the communist Russian language
mass organizations; see Foreign Language
RUSSIAN MUTUAL AID SOCIETY
Official Russian language Communist
fraternal insurance group.
RUSSIAN RECONSTRUCTION FARMS
Formed to aid and finance "teaching
Russian peasants machine methods in agri-
culture . . . located in the Caucausus and
is under American management . . . with-
out the Fund's aid the first year it would
not have gotten under way," says the red
Garland Fund's official report listing its
donations of $20,000, the purchase of
$10,000 stock and a gift of $3.000 "for
purchase of equipment in the United States
Jan. 20, 1926."
Says Francis Ralston Welsh: "This
organization was under contract with the
Communist government and its funds
aided the Communist objects. It was got-
ten up and controlled by the American
Civil Liberties Union crowd and almost
all the officers and advisory board were
members of that crowd." Taken from its
official pamphlet soliciting funds put out
in 1925 are the following names:
Officers: Horace W. Truesdell, pres.; Dr.
Gregory Soragnell, vice-pres.; Stuart Chase, treas.;
A. A. Heller, sec.; J. B. ColHnss Woods, auditor;
W. Mills Hinkle, counsel; Harold A. Ware, mgr.
in Russia; Donald Stephens, mgr. in America;
Lucy Branham, field sec.; and Jessica Smith, exec,
sec. Advisory board: Jane Addams, Roger N
Baldwin, Alice Stone Blackwell, Susan Brandeis,
Prof. Sophonisba Breckinridge, Horace J. Bridges,
Prof. Arthur W. Calhoun, C. N. Carver, Clarence
Darrow, Anna N. Davis. Prof. Jerome Davis,
Mary Dreier, Sherwood Eddy, Zona Gale, Dr.
Alice Hamilton, Rev. L. O. Hartman, Arthur
Garfield Hays, Prof. O. P. Hedrick, Stanley High,
Hilda P. Holme, Prof. Jesse H. Holmes, Rev!
John Haynes Holmes, J. A. H. Hopkins, Charles
H. Ingersoll, Marietta Johnson, Rufus Jones,
David Starr Jordan, Mabel Hyde Kittredge, Mary
Knoblauch, Owen R. Lovejoy, Robert Morss
Lovett, Dr. Charles Clayton Morrison, Prof.
Henry R. Mussey, Dr. Henry Neumann, Mrs.
Gordon Norrie, LeRoy Peterson, Walter W.
Pettit, Roscoe Pound, I. J. Sherman, Rev. George
Stewart, Dr. Gregory Stragnell, Graham R. Taylor,
Seth Sprague Terry, Jr., Norman Thomas, Wil-
bur K. Thomas, C. A. Tupper, Allen Wardwell,
Dean R. L. Watts, Edward C. Wentworth, and
Mary E. Woolley.
Sacco-V. Nat. Lg.
Formed to aid the Communist agitation
in behalf of Nicolai Sacco and Bartolomeo
Vanzetti, the anarchist-communists con-
victed of the murder of a paymaster and
theft of $15,000 at Braintree, Mass. The
red Garland Fund contributed thousands
of dollars for this cause, to committees and
to II Nuovo Mondo, a newspaper. In 1927
the case was finally carried to the Supreme
Court and Moscow-instigated demonstra-
tions of Reds were held all over the world,
falsely using the argument that this con-
viction was a "frame up" of our "capital-
istic government" against the innocent
downtrodden Red "working class" (just as
the Scottsboro and Mooney cases are now
being used), thus inciting hatred of our
government and revolutionary sentiment.
When executed, finally, these murderers
died yelling "Long live anarchy!" The
home of a Judge in the case who ruled
against them was recently bombed, accord-
ing to press reports, by their sympathizers.
A letter sent out by the Sacco-Van-
zetti Nat. Lg., May 1928, signed by Robt.
Morss Lovett, listed on its letterhead the
Executive Committee: Robt. Morss Lovett,
chmn.; Eliz. Glendower Evans and Robt. L. Hale,
vice chmn.; B. W. Huebsch, treas.; Leonard D.
Abbott, Forrest Bailey, Paul F. Brissenden, Stuart
Chase, Michael A. Cohn, John Lovejoy Elliott,
Morris L. Ernst, Norman Hapgood, Jessica Hen-
derson, John Haynes Holmes, Karl Llewellyn,
Arthur Warner; exec, sec., Hollace Ransdell;
"National Committee (To Date)": Jane Addams,
Egmont Ahrens, Ruth Ahrens, Devere Allen, Dud-
ley Babcock, Corinne Bacon, Warren Worth
Bailey, Ella Reeve Bloor. Edmund B. Chaffee,
Ralph Cheyney, Susan S. Codman, Felix S. Cohen,
Morris R. Cohen, Algernon Coleman, John Collier,
Helen Gray Cone, Clarence Darrow, Anna N.
Davis, Floyd Dell, John Dewey, Smith O. Dexter,
The Red Network
Wm. E. Dixon, John Dos Passes, Paul H. Doug-
las, Betty Dublin, Will Durant, Louise A. Els-
worth, John F. Finerty, Gilson Gardner, Karl F.
Geiser, Eliz. Gilman, Frank A. Hamilton, Mildred
F. Harnack. Eliz. S. Harrison, Margaret Hatfield,
Mrs. H. C. Herring, Elsie Hillsmith, Paul J.
Himmelreich, Hector M. Holmes, Henry T. Hunt,
Louisa C. James, Heath Jones, Bishop Paul Jones,
Alex. Kadison, Francis Fisher Kane, Wm. S.
Kennedy, Natalie B. Kimber, A. H. Klocke,
Frank H. Knight, Jos. Wood Krutch, F. H. La-
Guardia, Harry W. Laidler, Wm. Ellery Leonard,
Horace Liveright, Frank A. Manny, Jeannette
Marks, Margaret Marshall, George Mischke,
Dorothy I. Mulgrave. A. J. Muste, F. S. Onder-
donk, Eugene O'Neill, John Orth, C. E. Parsons,
Wm. L. Patterson, Helen Peabody, Eliz. G. Peck-
ham, Caroline H. Pemberton, Henry W. Pinkam,
Allan Rathburn, Mabel L. Rees, A. K. Rogers,
John Nevin Sayre, J. Salwyn Schapiro, Samuel D.
Schmaulhausen, P. M. Schubert, Vida D. Scud-
der, C. W. Shumway, Claire C. Simmonds, Upton
Sinclair, Garland Smith May Stanley, Eliz. Stuy-
vesant, Geo. Sutherland, Genevieve Taggart, Geo.
L. Teele, Norman Thomas, Lucia Trent, John
Veldhuis, Oswald Garrison Villard, Ernest Wald-
stein, Arthur L. Weatherly, Harry Weinberger, Jos.
Weinrebe, Howard Y. Williams, Laura C. Williams,
Milton Wittier, Arthur Evans Wood, Amy Woods,
Mary E. Woolley.
Hdqts. 104 Fifth Ave., N.Y.C.
SAN FRANCISCO WORKERS SCHOOL
A communist Workers School (see)
"sponsored by Lincoln Steffens, Langston
Hughes," etc., opened Dec. 4, 1933; tem-
porary address, 624 Golden Gate Ave.
(Daily Worker, Dec. 2, 1933.)
SCANDINAVIAN WORKERS CLUBS
Communist mass Foreign Language
Several hundred local Committees in
cities all over the United States had already
been formed by the communist I.L.D. in
May 1933. Their purpose is to stir up race
and class hatred and distrust of our form
of government among Negroes and to show
them that "class solidarity" with the revo-
lutionary Communists against the "boss
class" of whites is their only hope of
justice and equality.
"The National Scottsboro Committee of
Action is a united front body supporting
the fight of the International Labor
Defense for the Scottsboro Boys and the
enforcement of civil rights for Negroes,"
said the communist Daily Worker, May
12, 1933, in describing a meeting of 4,500
persons held at Rockland Palace, N.Y.
City, the night before to greet the Scotts-
boro committees' marchers (to Pres. Roose-
velt). Richard B. Moore, colored Commu-
nist organizer, Ruby Bates, and others suc-
ceeded in stirring up a hysteria of class
hatred, evidently, in this audience.
" 'Strikes for the enforcement of the Bill' "
(for Negro rights) " 'and freedom of the
Scottsboro Boys must be brought into
existence, ' declared Moore. ... A most im-
pressive part of the meeting was when
Moore declared 'We know who the rapists
of America are.' The audience broke into
a tremendous ovation that lasted over
three minutes and women shouted 'Tell the
truth brother. You're on the right way.'
Moore received an ovation when he
exposed the white ruling class as rapists
and oppressors also of white women
The Chicago Scottsboro Action Com-
mittee, which is headed by Prof. Robt.
Morss Lovett of the U. of Chgo., staged
an interracial dance at the colored "Savoy
Ballroom" (South Parkway near 47th St.,
Chgo.), Aug. 19th, 1933, arranged under
the name of "Freedom Ball" and supported
by various intellectual Communist-Socialist
sympathizing radical educators, ministers,
etc. The national executive committee of
the National Scottsboro Committee of
Action as printed in the Daily Worker,
May 3, 1933 is as follows:
Roger Baldwin, A.C.L.U.; J. B. Matthews, Fell.
Recon.; A. Clayton Powell, Abyssinian Baptist
Church; James W. Ford, T.U.U.L.; Shelton Hale
Bishop, St. Phillips Church; Wm. L. Patterson,
I.L.D. ; Edward Welsh, Harlem Interracial Forum;
John Henry Hammond, Jr., Nat. Com. Def. Pol.
Pris.; W. C. Handy, hon. chmn. of former Scotts-
boro United Defense Com.; Harry Haywood,
Communist Party of Am.; Heywood Broun, N.Y.
World-Telegram; Cyril Brings, editor "Liberator";
A. J. Muste, Conf. for Prog. Lab. Act.; Maude
White, T.U.U.L. council; Bishop Collins, Epis-
copal Synod; Joshua Kunitz, exec. sec. Nat. Com.
Def. Pol. Pris.; Sophie Epstein, Women's Council;
John Goldber, Conf. for Prog. Lab. Act.; Sam. C.
Patterson, Caribbean Union and Grand Order of
Odd Fellows; Wm. Fitzgerald, I.L.D. (Harlem
division) ; Mrs. Adelaide Blackwell, Eureka Temple
of Elks Women; Cyril Phillip, Students Literary
Assn.; Mary D. James, Supreme Coun. of Moses;
Grace Campbell, Professional Wkrs. Lg.; Herman
Osborne, Nat. Students Lg.; John T. Ballam,
I.L.D.; G. B. Maddox, Williamsbridge Scotts-
boro Action Com.; Mrs. C. J. West; Sidney Spen-
cer, Young Communist Lg. ; J. Dalmus Steele,
Elks; Jos. Moore, Mechanics Assn.; Herman W.
Mackwain, Lg. Struggle for Negro Rights; Paul
Petters, John Reed Club; Louise Thompson, sec.
of former Scottsboro Unity Def. Com.; Frank
Palmer, Fed. Press; Wm. N. Jones, Baltimore
Afro-American; Matthews Crawford, Jr., Scotts-
boro Com. in San Francisco; Loren Miller, editor
of Cal. Eagle, Los Angeles; Eugene Gordon, Bos-
ton Post; J. B. Blayton, Atlanta, Ga. Negro
Chamber Commerce; Benj. J. Davis, Jr., Atlanta
Com. for Defense of Angelo Herndon; Rev. J. W.
Broun, Mother Zion Church; Rev. R. M. Bolden,
First Emanuel Ch.; Wm. M. Kelley, Amsterdam
News; Dr. Thos. S. Harten, Holy Trinity Baptist
Ch., Brooklyn; Dr. L. H. King, St. Marks Ch.;
Channing H. Tobias, Y.M.C.A., a representative
of Corona Scottsboro Com.; Richard Warner;
Samuel Mitchell; H. I. Thomas; Seward L. Virgil.
SCOTTSBORO UNITY DEFENSE
Preceded the present Scottsboro Com-
mittees of Action (see).
Cotton pickers' communist T.U.U.L.
union ; affiliated with the League of Strug-
gle for Negro Rights; organized largely in
Alabama; membership in 1933, about 5,000.
SHOE AND LEATHER WORKERS
Communist T.U.U.L. union; Fred Bied-
enkapp (see "Who's Who") nat. sec.;
its 10-day amalgamation convention held
in Boston, Dec. 1933, succeeded in uniting
70,000 shoe workers under the banner of a
new union, the United Shoe Workers
Union, under Communist leadership. (Daily
Worker, Dec. 23, 1933); a celebration
meeting held in N.Y. City was addressed
by Rose Wortis of the T.U.U.L. and by
Biedenkapp, over a telephone broadcasting
SLOVAK WORKERS SOCIETY
Communist fraternal mass Foreign Lan-
guage Groups (see).
SMALL HOME AND LAND
A communist-conceived organization
which has been successful in Detroit and
Cleveland; a unit being organized in Pitts-
burg was to be addressed Sept. 1, 1933 by
Cleveland organizers. Communists cer-
tainly do not care whether small home
owners lose their property or not, for
wherever they gain control they intend, as
in Russia, to take it away from private
owners anyway, but they use any pretext
whatever to stir up strife.
Left-wing openly revolutionary Socialist
party; publishes Hungarian, South Slav-
onian, Bulgarian, Greek papers, and the
English paper "Weekly People." John P.
Quinn, nat. organizer; hdqts. Arnold Peter-
sen, 45 Rose St., N.Y.C.
See under general articles, Socialist Party
and the New Deal, etc., also under Inter-
nationals (2nd), and Socialist and Labor
International. 1933 Socialist Party National
Executive Committee: Norman Thomas,
Albert Sprague Coolidge, Powers Hapgood,
Darlington Hoopes, Leo. M. Krzycki, Mor-
ris Hillquit, James D. Graham, Daniel W.
Hoan, Jasper McLevy, John L. Packard,
Lilith M. Wilson.
SOUTHERN LEAGUE FOR
Organized in 1933 at Atlanta, Ga.; stands
for unlimited "free speech," academic free-
dom, social and racial equality, etc. Sher-
wood Anderson was elected chmn., Bruce
Crawford, vice chmn., Vann Woodward,
exec. sec. and Jessie B. Blayton, treas.
SOVIET AMERICAN SECURITIES
Organized Dec. 1932 to sell in the U.S.A.
a ten million dollar issue of Soviet gov-
ernment bonds to finance the second Five
Year Plan. A 1933 Chgo. Daily News
article stated that the organization was
being investigated for a possible violation
of the Security Act of 1933. It is reported
that thousands of dollars worth of these
bonds have already been sold many to
American workers. Incorporators were:
Miles Sherover of Greenwich, Conn, (former
Consulting Engineer for Soviet Govt.) ; Osmund
Fraenkel of Greenwich, Conn, (an attorney for
the communist I.L.D., who has been active in the
Scottsboro and other Communist cases in the
South); Arthur Fisher of Winnetka 111. (pres. of
the A.C.L.U. Chgo. Committee and a director of
the Amalgamated Bank, Chgo.)
The communist Daily Worker, July 27,
1933, featured a huge advertisement of
this Corporation and its Soviet bonds.
SOVIET RUSSIA TODAY
Magazine of communist Friends of the
Soviet Union; published monthly; 80 E.
llth St., N.Y.C. ; ed. bd.: A. A. Heller,
Cyril Lambkin, Listen M. Oak.
Intourist (Soviet govt. travel agency)
magazine; pub. at 261 Fifth Ave., N.Y.
Until recognition, the unofficial embassy
of the Soviet govt. in the U.S.; headed
by Boris Skvirsky; 1637 Mass. Ave.,
N.W., Wash., D.C.; publishes "Soviet
Union Review" and recommends books
favorable to the U.S.S.R.
SOVIET UNION REVIEW
Publication of Soviet Union Information
Soviet government official motion picture
organization which produces revolutionary
The Red Network
propaganda films shown all over the world.
Serge Eisenstein, one of its Moscow staff,
was recently engaged by Hollywood pro-
ducers. Upton Sinclair and Kate Crane
Gartz aided and financed his Mexican pic-
ture, according to the latter's letter pub-
lished in New Republic, Sept. 6, 1933.
Official organ of the communist Student
League of Canada.
SPORT AND PLAY, NEW
Monthly magazine of the communist
Labor Sports Union ; 813 Broadway, N.Y.C.
STEEL AND METAL WORKERS
Communist T.U.UJL. union; claimed
14,600 members in 1933 with 2,000 in
Buffalo district, 820 in the Chicago district,
3,100 in the Pittsburg district, 450 in the
St. Louis district, and 2,400 in the N.Y.
district; led strikes (Sept. 1933) in St.
Louis, N.Y. City, Chicago, Indiana Har-
bor, Buffalo, N.Y., McKee's Rocks, Pa.
At Stelton, NJ. ; see under "Anarchism."
ST. STEPHENS COLLEGE
See Union Theological Seminary.
STUDENT CONGRESS AGAINST WAR
(AT U. OF CHICAGO)
Student Cong. Ag. War.
In opening the Congress, Jos. Cohen,
who had been a student delegate of the
communist National Student League to the
World Congress Against War at Amsterdam,
said: "This Congress was called by the
National Committee at the suggestion of
the World Congress Against War in Am-
Professors Robt. Morss Lovett, Fred-
erick L. Schuman and Harry D. Gideonse
were official faculty sponsors of this Stu-
dent Congress, which was held at the Uni-
versity of Chicago, Mandel Hall, Dec. 27-
29, 1932, with the sanction, necessarily, of
According to the official printed program
of the Congress, speakers and leaders of its
discussion groups were: Earl Browder, nat.
sec. of the Communist Party of the U.S.A.
(who attends the more important Com-
munist functions) ; Scott Nearing, a Com-
munist leader; Jos. Freeman, Communist
editor of New Masses and co-author with
Scott Nearing of "Dollar Diplomacy"; J.
B. Matthews of the Fell Recon.; Upton
Close; Jane Addams (speaker with Scott
Nearing and J. B. Matthews, Dec. 28,
afternoon session) ; and a few others. It
stated also: "Arrangements are being
made to house the delegates on or near the
campus." Dec. 27th was given to register-
ing the delegates at Mandel Hall.
According to the Advisory Associates
stenographic report of the session, the fol-
lowing events occurred:
Joe Weber and Joe Jurich, Communist
Party functionaries, were officially present;
Ben Gray of Cleveland and Jack Kling of
Chicago, both of the Young Communist
League, and communist I.L.D. atty. Vlad-
imir Janowicz and his wife, were also
present. The sessions averaged about 600
delegates present and a gallery of from SO
to 300 visitors.
The chairman first read greetings sent
by sympathizers. Among these was a mes-
sage from Communist Theodore Dreiser
saying: "This is the most significant step
towards peace since the Russian Revo-
lution." This message also called upon the
youth in capitalist countries to convince
members of existing armed forces that
their real enemies were at home that it is
the capitalist system and those enemies,
who are driving people to poverty and
death. A message from Rev. Henry Sloane
Coffin, president of Union Theological
Seminary, started: "Every Christian
should be heart and soul against war. I
heartily endorse the Student Congress
Against War." Corliss Lament and Jos.
Freeman sent "Revolutionary Greetings."
Jos. Cohen in his "Keynote Address"
urged that the "Manifesto" of the Amster-
dam W.C.A.W. be studied by every dele-
gate of this Congress. He asserted that "the
importance of this Congress lay in the
action that would be taken for the future,
in the fight against the R.O.T.C. and
C.M.T.C., and other war institutions."