Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Dilling.

The red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots online

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Minn.; Andrew Oja, Farmers Union Local 165;
Andrew Dahlsten, Nebraska Farmers Holiday Assn.
(Madison County Plan) (referred to in com-
munist Henry Puro's article as a leftwing Red
organization) ; Stephen Negroescu, West New
Jersey Dairy Union; A. Salo, Spencer Cooperative
Society, NeW York; Andrew Omholt, Farm Holi-
day Assn., N.D.; Paul Dale, Finnish Farmers
Club, Oregon; A. Meyer, Farm Holiday Assn.,
S.D.; P. E. Rhinehart, Va.; Ralph Nelson, com-
munist United Farmers Lg., Wash.; J. Hetts,
communist United Farmers Lg., Wis.; Fred C.
Strong, Wyo. Holiday Assn.

This National Farmers Committee, a
subsidiary of the United Farmers League,
formed State groups. The Iowa group, for
example, under the leadership of "Mother"
Ella Reeve Bloor, veteran Communist agi-
tator, proceeded to stir up violence around
Sioux City. The State groups penetrated
the Farmers Holiday Association groups
that had been organized by Milo Reno
(himself active in the radical Conference
for Progressive Political Action movement)
and seized control of them by placing Com-
munist leaders at the head. Some time ago
(summer 1933) when it was claimed that
the combined membership of the three
groups numbered 92,000 with 68,000 of this

number in the Farmers National Committee
for Action, Advisory Associates Bulletin

"The conservative farmers' organizations,
such as the American Farm Bureau Fed-
eration, have consistently refused to recog-
nize or admit the spread of Communist
influence in agricultural districts and there-
fore have been of little service in exposing
or opposing the advance of Communism.
92,000 farmers under Communist revo-
lutionary leadership is a lot of farmers.
Unite this force with the Communist in-
dustrial workers and there develops a pic-
ture that should be startling to even the
most apathetic citizen."

I attended one of the sessions of the
Farmers Second National Conference held
at the Chicago Coliseum, Nov. 17, 1933.
The Internationale was sung and the usual
Communist banners decorated the hall.
Israel Amter and Ella Reeve Bloor of the
Communist Party central committee spoke.
Over 700 delegates from 36 states repre-
senting organizations with 130,885 members
were in attendance and a total audience
of about 3,000 people.

Ella Reeve Bloor, the clever old agitator
introduced as having occupied many a jail,
said: "Last year we stood for a moratorium
on mortgages. This year we have unani-
mously voted for cancellation of all mort-
gages. Next year we will be so strong we
will seize the power and will confiscate the
rich property holders lands!" For this she
was cheered vociferously. She told how in
certain towns the relief authorities had
refused relief to farmers who drove auto-
mobiles and how she and her crowd had
forced them not only to give relief but to
buy gasoline for the cars. More cheers.
Her entire talk was a popularly received
incitement to violence.

I glanced around at this crowd of colored
and white people of the cheering audience
with their fur-collared, silk-lined coats,
good shoes and overcoats and with them
mentally contrasted the many Russians
whom I had seen carrying their shoes when
it rained in order to save them, who wear
rags about their heads, the best of them,
and I thought of the pitiful millions in
Russia now being deliberately mercilessly
liquidated by starvation on the theory that
they are "bourgeois" class enemies of their
heartless atheist Communist government.

Two delegates from one state who are
acquaintances of mine told me of the wire
sent by the conference to Moscow express-
ing solidarity of the American farmers with
the workers (poor slaves) of Soviet Rus-

Organizations, Etc.


sia and of the reply of gratification received
back from Moscow. Communist Party
organizers held firm control of every ses-
sion and it was apparent, they said, that
every act, every resolution, had been cut
and dried in advance for the delegates by
these trained Party organizers.

A parody to be sung to the tune of "My
Country Tis of Thee," entitled "Greed's
Country 'Tis of Thee," was dedicated to
the Conference by the communist United
Farmers League and was in part as follows:


Bosses of slavery,
Graft, crime and charity,
Prepare for tours!
Our hearts with rapture thrill
To know that home and hill
Field, stock, crop and mill
Will not be yours!
Etc., etc.

Another song dedicated to the Conference
by the same author is entitled "Before the
Revolution," sung to the tune of "Yankee

Nat. hdqts. United Farmers Lg., 1629 Linden
Ave., Minneapolis, Minn.; nat. sec., Alfred Tiala;
official organ "Producers News," "published Fri-
day of each week at Plentywood, Montana, by the
Peoples Publishing Co., Inc."; Eric Bert, ed.;
L. M. Lerner, acting ed.; Chas. E. Taylor, mg.
ed. ; Hans Rasmussen, bus. mgr. ; Jan. 1934 com-
bined with National Farmers Committee of Action
"Farmers National Weekly" with hdqts. at 1510
W. 18th St., Chicago.

Farmers' National Committee for Action
Affiliated Organizations (calling Second
Conference) :

Alabama: Alabama Farmers' Protective Assn.;
Cullman County Debt Holiday Assn.; Share
Croppers' Un.; Arkansas: Farmers' Protective
Assn. of Arkansas; Hugh Gore, Route 2, Mena,
State sec.; California: United Farmers' League,
Carl Patterson, 2546 Inyo St., Fresno, State sec.;
Colorado: Farm Holiday Assn. of San Juan Basin,
Enoch Hardaway, Dove Creek, sec.; Connecticut:
United Farmers of Windham County, Aino Kos-
kinen, Box 100, Brooklyn, sec.; Florida: Farmers'
Protective Assn. of Pasco County, Victor Eikeland,
Route 1, Zephyrhills, sec.; Farmers' and Farm
Workers' Lg.; Illinois: Westville Branch, Small
Home and Land Owners' Lg., John F. Sloan, 114
Illinois St., Westville, sec.; Iowa: Iowa Regional
Committee for Action, E. R. Bloor, 1117 McDon-
ald St., Sioux City, sec.; Kentucky: Kentucky
Farmers' Local Committee for Action, No. 1 ;
C. W. Button, Hibernia, sec.; Michigan: Mich-
igan Farmers' League, Clyde U. Smith, Route 1,
Beulah, sec.; Minnesota: United Farmers' League,
James Flower, 1629 Linden Ave., Minneapolis,
State sec., Alfred Tiala, 1629 Linden Ave., Minne-
apolis, National sec.; Minnesota State Youth Com-
mittee for Action, Matt Hill, Box 318, Virginia,
sec.; Montana: United Farmers' League, Rodney
Salisbury, Plentywood. State sec.; Nebraska: Holi-
day Assn. of Nebraska (Madison County Plan),
J. J. Schefcik, Alliance, pres. ; New Jersey: New
Jersey Farmers' Protective Assn., Harry W.

Springer, 3rd and Park Aves., Vineland, pres.;
West New Jersey Farmers' Dairv Un., John F.
Buggeln, Jutland, sec.; North Dakota: North
Dakota State Committee for Action, Ashbel Inger-
son, Flaxton, sec.; United Farmers' Lg., P. J.
Barrett, Sanish, State sec.; Ohio: Ohio Farmers'
Lg., John W. Marshall, Route 1, Leetonia, sec.;
Oklahoma: Oklahoma Farm Debt Holiday Assn.,
Local No. 1, John Phillips, Tuttle, sec.; Okla-
homa Farm Debt Holiday Assn., Local No. 3,
W. I. Cecil, Blanchard, sec.; Farmers' Organ-
ization of Red Hill, J. M. Weeks, Route 1,
Newalla, sec.; Atowah Farmers' Committee for
Action, F. W. Avants, Route 1, Noble, sec.; Cole
Farmers' Committee for Action, E. S. Easley,
Route 2, Blanchard, sec.; Oregon: Oregon State
Committee for Action, Paul Dale, Knappa, sec.;
Farmers' Protective Assn. of Oregon; Pennsylvania:
United Farmers' Protective Assn., Lewis Bentzley,
Route 3, Perkasie, pres.; Philadelphia Regional
Committee for Action, Lillian Gales, care of Bentz-
ley, Route 3, Perkasie, sec.; Farmers' Protective
Assn., H. H. Hawbaker, Greencastle, sec.; South
Dakota: South Dakota State Committee for Action,
E. L. Bolland, Pierpont, sec.; United Farmers'
Lg., Julius Walstead, Sisseton, State sec.; Texas:
Texas Farmers' Protective Assn., Ralph Gillespie,
Route 2, Center, sec.; Texas Farm Debt Holiday
Assn., Ben Lauderdale, R.F.D., Breckenridge, sec.;
Washington: Washington State Committee for
Action, Ralph Nelson, Route 1, Sedro-Woolley,
sec., Casey Boskaljon, Route 1, Box 269, Eaton-
ville, State sec.; Wisconsin: United Farmers' Lg.,
Jchn Hetts, Colby, State sec.; Wyoming: Stock-
man-Farmers' Holiday & Protective Assn., Mack
Smith, Yoder, sec.

Of the communist United Farmers
League; exec, sec., Alfred Miller, Dublin,
Pa.; pres., Lewis C. Bentzley. The organ
"Organized Farmer" is printed as part of
the Farmers National Weekly of the Farm-
ers National Committee of Action. The
Nov. 10th, 1933, issue tells how the com-
munist Young Pioneers chopped wood for
Bentzley when he was sick recently as an
"act of solidarity."

Jewish Communist society operating
Camp Nitgedaiget (see).

No one can doubt the cooperation
between "pacifists" and revolutionaries
after reading a list of committee members
and supporting organizations of this Con-
gress (2,700 delegates from 35 states).

See "World Congress Against War" for
an idea of these Congresses organized and
controlled by Moscow's communist Intl.
League Against Imperialism, also for the
personnel of its American Committee for
Struggle Against War, the headquarters
(104 Fifth Ave., N.Y.C.) and organizer of
this U.S. Congress Against War held in
N.Y. City, Sept. 29-Oct. 2, 1933.


The Red Network

The communist Daily Worker, Sept. 29,
1933, described the greeting planned for
Henri Barbusse, French Communist dock-
ing that day, coming to address the Con-
gress, and said: "The principal speakers
at the opening session will include, besides
Barbusse, Devere Allen of the War Resisters
League; Earl Browder, General Secretary,
Communist Party ; Dr. Alfons Goldschmidt,
exiled German professor; William Pickens,
field secretary Nat. Assn. for the Advance-
ment of Colored People; Prof. Reinhold
Niebuhr, and others. The same speakers
will speak at both opening meetings" (Mec-
ca Temple and St. Nicholas Arena). Com-
munist Donald Henderson and J. B.
Matthews of the "pacifist" Fellowship of
Reconciliation were scheduled as the two
chairmen. To again quote: "More than
115 national organizations, with a com-
bined membership of about 800,000, have
endorsed the Congress, including the Peo-
ple's Lobby with John Dewey as president.
..." "Five delegates have been elected
by the Pennsylvania branch of the
Women's International League for Peace
and Freedom, of which Jane Addams is
honorary international chairman." (Em-
phasis supplied.)

The Daily Worker, Sept. 30, 1933
reported overflow crowds at both halls,
2,500 delegates present, and told some-
thing of the speeches of Communist Henri
Barbusse, A. J. Muste, and Communist
Earl Browder.

Barbusse's formal message through the
Daily Worker, Sept. 30, "to all American
workers of hand and brain" was: "I urge
them to join as one man in a movement
to which the revolutionaries of all Euro-
pean countries have already pledged their
adherence the struggle to the death
against Fascism and imperialist war."

Previously, one of the headline speakers
coming to address this Congress, Tom
Mann, a notorious veteran English Com-
munist agitator, had been delayed by the
U.S. State Dept. in entering the U.S., but
vigorous protests from Communist, Social-
ist, "Pacifist" groups, and the Red-aiding
American Civil Liberties Union, caused the
bar to be lifted and Mann to be granted a
special visa to enter the United States to
give speeches "protesting against war" and
favoring bloody revolution. Communists
Barbusse and Mann were booked to
address a series of Communist mass meet-
ings following the Congress (Chicago, Oct.
23, etc.).

Its call to "every organization to form
a united front," sent out in leaflet form,

listed its "Members of the Arrangements
Committee for the U.S. Congress Against
War" as follows:

Donald Henderson, exec. dir. Am. Com. for
Struggle Against War; Mrs. Annie E. Gray, dir.
Women's Peace Society; J. B. Matthews, exec,
sec. Fell. Recon.; Roger Baldwin, exec. dir. A.C.
L.U.; F. E. Bearce, Marine Workers Unemployed
Union I.W.W.; Herbert Benjamin, nat. organizer
Nat. Com. Unemployed Councils; Leroy Bow-
man, N.Y. Chapter, L.I.D.; A. Davis, sec. A.F.
of L. Trade Union Com. for Unemp. Insur.; Anna
N. Davis, treas. War Resisters Lg.; James W
Ford, Communist T.U.U.L.; Wm. Z Foster
chmn. Communist Party U.S.A.; Mary Fox, exec,
sec. L.I.D.; Carl Geiser, nat. sec. Youth Section,
Amer. Com. for Struggle Against War; Julius
Gerber, exec, sec., N.Y.C. Socialist Party; Dr.
Israel Goldstein, chmn. Social Justice Section
Rabbinical Assembly of Am.; Gilbert Green, nat.
sec. Young Communist Lg.; Powers Hapgood, nat.
exec. com. Lg. Against Fascism; J. B. S. Hard-
man, ed. "The Advance," Amalg. Cloth. Wkrs. of
Am.; Lem Harris, nat. sec. Farmers Nat. Com
for Action; Clarence Hathaway, ed. Daily Worker;
John Herling, Emer. Com. Strik. Rel.; Harold
Hickerson, Wkrs. Ex-Service Men's Lg ; Roy Hud-
son, nat. sec. Marine Wkrs. Indust. Un.; Mrs.
Addie Waite Hunton, hon. pres. Intl. Coun. of
Women of Darker Races; Abraham Kaufman
exec. sec. War Resisters Lg.; Dr. Harry Laidler,
dir. L.I.D.; Edw. Levinson, pub. dir. Socialist
Party of Am.; Aaron Levinstein, N.Y. sec. Young
Peoples Socialist Lg.; Lola Maverick Lloyd
Women's Peace Society; Richard Lovelace, nat.
treas. Vet. National Rank and File Com.; Robt
Morss Lovett, pres. L.I.D.; Robt. Minor, cent,
exec. com. Communist Party; A. J. Muste, nat.
chmn. Conf. Prog. Lab. Act.; Ray Newton, sec.
Peace Section, Amer. Friends Serv. Com.; Albert
G. Sellers, nat. treas. Bonus Expeditionary Forces
Rank and File Com.; Upton Sinclair, Am. Com.
for Struggle Against War; Tucker P. Smith,
Brookwood Lab. Coll.; Chas. Solomon, Socialist
Party; Jack Stachel, acting sec. T.U.U.L.; Nor-
man Thomas, nat. exec. com. Socialist Party
Louise Thompson, I.L.D.; Wm. R. Truax, pres
Ohio Unemp. Lg.; Gus Tyler, Young Peoples
Socialist Lg.; Howard Y. Williams, exec. sec.
L.I.P.A.; Alfred . Wagenknecht, exec. sec. Nat.
Com. to Aid Victims of German Fascism.

"Supporting Organizations":

Am. Com. for Struggle Against War*; A.F. of
L. Trade Un. Com. for Unemp. Ins.*; Anti-
Imperialist Lg. of the U.S.*; Bonus Expeditionary
Forces Rank and File of Am.*; Committees on
Militarism in Education; Communist Party of
U.S.A.*; Conf. for Prog. Lab. Act.; Farmers Nat.
Com. of Action*; Farmers Union Cooperative
Marketing Assn.; Fell. Recon.; Finnish Workers
Fed.*; Friends of the Soviet Union*; Icor*; Inter-
collegiate Council, L.I.D.; Intl. Com for Political
Prisoners; Intl. Lab. Defense*; Intl. Wkrs.
Order*; John Reed Clubs of the U.S.*; Labor
Sports Union*; L.I.D.; Lg. of Professional
Groups for Foster and Ford*; Lg. Struggle for

Negro Rights*; Marine Wkrs. Indust. Un.*; Marine
Transport Ind. Un. I.W.W.; Nat. Com. to
Aid Victims of German Fascism*; Nat. Farmers
Holiday Assn.; Nat. Lithuanian Youth Fed.*;
Nat. Miners Union*; Nat. Student Com. for
Struggle Against War*; Nat. Student Lg.*; Needle
Trades Wkrs. Indust. U.*; Ohio Unemployed Lg.;
Pa. Com. for Total Disarmament; Socialist Party
of Am.; Steel and Metal Wkrs. Indust. Union*;
T.U.U.L.*; Unemp. Councils Nat. Com.*; United
Farmers Lg.*; United Farmers Protective Assn.*;
Veterans Nat. Rank and File Com.*; War Resisters

Organizations, Etc.


Lg.; Wkrs. and Farmers Cooperative Unity
Alliance*; Wkrs. Ex-Service Men's Lg.*; Wkrs.
Intl. Relief*; World Peaceways, Inc.; Women's
Peace Society; Wkrs. Unemp. Union, I.W.W.;
Young Communist Lg.*; Young Pioneers of Am.*;
Youth Section Am. Com. for Struggle Against

Formed Am. Lg. Against War and
Fascism (see).

*Commumst or Communist-controlled
organizations. Note the cooperation of
"peace" societies.




A Socialist-controlled organization
attacking the public utilities of Illinois
in order to break down public confidence in
private ownership of utilities. Its Bulletin
issued Feb. 1933 states that its "Officials,
Directors, Advisory Committee" are as

Prof. Paul H. Douglas, Chicago, pres.; Senator
Thos. P. Gunning, Princeton, vice pres.; James H.
Andrews, Kewanee; Dr. Edward Bowe, Jackson,
ville; E. A. Branson, Evanston; Prof. A. R.
Hatton, Evanston; Harold L. Ickes, Chicago; Isaac
Kuhn, Champaign; Mrs. B. F. Langworthy,
Winnetka; Dr. Louis L. Mann, Chicago; A. D.
McLarty, Urbana; W. T. Rawleigh, Freeport;
Carl Vrooman, Bloomington; Karl Eitel, Chicago;
Amelia Sears, Chicago; John Fitzpatrick, Chicago;
Leo Heller, Chicago; Prof. Chas. E. Merriam,
Chicago; H. R. Mohat, Freeport; Mrs. Laura K.
Pollak, Highland Park; Donald R. Richberg, Chi-
cago; Alfred K. Stern, Chicago.

(Of these Harold Ickes, Paul H. Douglas,
A. K. Stern, James H. Andrews, and Don-
ald Richberg are among ' Roosevelt
appointees). Hdqts. Room 1820, 77 W.
Washington St., Chicago.


Founded and financed with $139,453
(192S-8) by the red Garland Fund; dedi-
cated to the publication of revolutionary,
"class-struggle," Communist-Socialist liter-
ature; 80 Fifth Ave., N.Y. City.


Soviet govt. organization describing itself
in 1933 Communist Soviet periodicals as the
"Society for Cultural Relations with
Foreign Countries" (the American branch
is A.S.C.R.R.) and stating that it "1. Gives
information in foreign countries on all
questions of Soviet construction and Soviet
culture. ... 2. Interchanges publications on
science, literature and art with all coun-
tries in the world. 3. Organizes exhibitions
of science and art in foreign countries. 4.
Helps foreign artists and scientific workers
coming to the U.S.S.R. and sends Soviet

workers in art and science abroad. 5. Car-
ries on cultural work with foreigners arriv-
ing in the U.S.S.R. 6. Arranges meetings
and lectures ... in the U.S.S.R. and abroad.
7. Publishes . . . many publications in three
languages (English, German and French)."
Hdqts. V.O.K.S., Moscow 69, Trubnikooski
Pereulok, 17.


W.R. Intl.

Plainly called "a communist organization"
by "The Patriot" (Boswell Pub. Co., Lon-
don, Aug. 31, 1933 issue) ; the initiator of
the War Resisters International Council
(see below), of which it is a part; held
its first international conference at Bilt-
hoven, Holland, 1921; its International
Conference at Sonntagsberg, Austria, as
reported in the War Resister, Oct. 1928
issue, regretted "the absence of friends
from Moscow," while the conference dis-
cussions centered around "War Resistance
and Revolution," and the report said "The
discussion of War Resistance and Revo-
lution revealed the deep sympathy of those
present with all those who struggle for a
new social order, and the recognition that
we, the members of the War Resisters
International, have to be within this strug-
gle." Delegates from the International
Fellowship of Reconcilation, International
Anti-Militarist Bureau, International Co-
operative Movement, Friends Committee
for International Service, International
Bahai Movement, World League of Cath-
olic Youth, International Movement for
Christian Communism, among whom were
Free Thinkers, Liberals, Socialists, and
Anarchists, composed this conference.

Among the sections of the W.R. Intl.
are the Union of Anarcho-Socialists of
Austria, the Womens Intl. League (for
Peace and Freedom) of Australia and Ire-
land, the Fellowship of Reconciliation,
Women's Peace Society, Women's Peace
Union, The Movement for Christian Com-
munism, the Young Anti-Militarists, the
Holland Union of Religious Anarcho-Com-
munists, the Nat. Peace Council, etc. (three
of them openly anarchistic-communistic
organizations) .

The beliefs and objectives of the War
Resisters International are officially ad-
mitted ("War Resistance a Practical Policy,"
p. 7) in part as follows: "Out of the
present chaos the War Resisters Inter-
national believes a new social order can
and will be established. ... It believes
these changes may be accomplished by


The Red Network

revolutionary uprisings. . . . Every war
resister desires to take part in the struggle
confident in the ultimate triumph of the
forces which make for a new social order."
And p. 22: "We have made representations
to the various governments. . . . These
representations are not sent direct from the
International, but in this we have always
had the willing help of men of eminence,
such as Prof. Einstein."

The "Statement of Principles" of the
War Resisters International declares against
"wars to preserve the existing order of
society," but concerning "wars on behalf
of the oppressed proletariat, whether for
its liberation or defense" says: "To refuse
to take up arms for this purpose, is most
difficult. (1) Because the proletarian
regime, and even more the enraged masses,
in time of revolution, would regard as a
traitor any one who would refuse to sup-
port the new order, by force. (2) Because
our instinctive love for the suffering and
the oppressed would tempt us to use vio-
lence on their behalf." In other words,
open resistance to defense of existing gov-
ernments is urged, while the idea is ad-
vanced that it would be considered
traitorous to refuse to support revolution-
aries in overthrowing these governments.
"And this is called 'pacifism* not 'com-
munism'!", says the National Republic,
April, 1933, issue.

Einstein, whose communistic work is
regarded so highly by Moscow, is a War
Resisters International leader, and the
founder of its Einstein War Resisters
Fund. He asks that contributions to the
Fund be sent to the War Resisters Inter-
national headquarters, at Middlesex, Eng-
land, to aid militant war resisters who get
into trouble with their governments. He
is also author of the "2 per cent" slogan
which agitates that if only two per cent
of the population will militantly refuse all
war service in defense of their government,
the jails will not be large enough to hold
them all, and they can effectively cripple
their government in the prosecution of any
war. Lenin's slogan "Turn an imperialist
war into a civil war in all countries!" is
along the same line, only Lenin frankly
termed this Red Revolution, not pacifism.
After Hitler's anti-communist regime came
into power, Einstein recommended war
against Germany.

W.R. Intl. Coun.
Initiated by the War Resisters Inter-

national, and composed of the War
Resisters International and its sections, of
the Friends Service Council and the Friends
Peace Committee, The Woman's Inter-
national League for Peace and Freedom,
International Fellowship of Reconciliation,
International Womens Cooperative Guild,
International Anti-Militarist Bureau, Syn-
dicalist International, International Union
of Anti-Militarist Ministers and Clergymen.
These, according to the War Resisters
International bulletins, are international
Anti-Militarist organizations, having their
first meetings in Holland, and all the move-
ments are linked together "working for the
supercession of capitalism and imperialism,
by the establishment of a new social and
international order, based on the principle
of cooperation for the common good."
(War Resister, August 1927 issue, p. 6).

The international chairman of the War
Resisters International Council is A. Fen-
ner Brockway, who is also national chair-
man of the very red Independent Labour
Party of Great Britain. He said, in a
recent issue of the International War
Resister, concerning the supposed present
breakdown of capitalism, that this crisis
is "likely to make the government rock"
and that "It is the duty of Socialists to
speed the rocking, until it brings down, not
only the government, but the system of
which the government is an expression."
He toured the United States in 1932, under
League for Industrial Democracy auspices.
(See Independent Labour Party.)

W.R. Lg.

American affiliate of the War Resisters
International (see) ; Einstein became its
honorary chairman in Feb. 1933; its
organ is the Socialist-Pacifist magazine
"The World Tomorrow," so well financed
by the communistic Garland Fund; the
League sent out a so-called "Peace Letter
to the President of the United States"
around Armistice Day, announcing the
peacetime treason, which in wartime would
become actual treason, that its members
"declared deliberate intention to refuse to
support war measures or to render war
service," in case our government should
resort to arms; it sent out a questionnaire
asking in part "is it necessary to change
the economic system before we get rid of

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