Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Dilling.

The red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots online

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Union Square, New York City." Einstein is
a member of other Communist organiza-
tions. A letter head of the "Workers Inter-
national Relief, Department of Cultural
Activities, Childrens Camp Department, 949
Broadway, Room 512, New York" lists:

"Bishop" Wm. M. Brown as nat. chmn.; Lud-
wig Landy, exec, sec.; Emjo Basshe, director;
"Endorsed by Henri Barbusse, Theodore Dreiser,
Prof. Albert Einstein, Upton Sinclair"; "National
Committee: Arthur Bodanski, Heywood Broun,
John Dos Passos, Wm. Cropper, Harold Hickerson,
Serge Koussevitsky, Eva LeGallienne, Louis Lozo-
wick, Kenneth MacGowan, Clarina Michelson,
Eugene Nigob, Harry Alan Potamkin, Leopold
Stokowski, Edmund Wilson."



The Workers Laboratory Theatre of the
communist Workers International Relief
(Agit-Prop section) formed in 1933 a
Workers Theatre school to teach dramatic
art, voice training, etc. to performers in
Communist dramatics (also a Puppet group
and children's Agit-Prop troupe) ; it
organized the Workers Theatre magazine,
name changed Aug. 1933 to New Theatre,


The Red Network

organ of the communist League of Workers
Theatres; N.Y. hdqts. 42 E. 12th St.

The Chicago branch of the Workers
Laboratory Theatre meets 1932-33 at
Abraham Lincoln Center. To quote the
Daily Worker, Oct. 27, 1933: "The Theatre
Council of the Midwest Workers Cultural
Federation sponsors the Workers Labor-
atory Theatre School, which opened Oct.
25, at Lincoln Center, 700 E. Oakwood
Blvd. The school offers three courses to
workers and students who are interested:
"1. History and Principles of the Marxian
Theatre, led by Leon Hess every Monday
evening. 2. Stage Technique, Voice Dic-
tion, led by Louise Hamburger, every
Wednesday evening. 3. Working Class Play-
writing, led by Bill Andrews, every Friday

"The entire work of this school will be
directed toward writing, rehearsing and
producing effective revolutionary plays to
be presented before working class audiences.
The use of a fine stage at Lincoln Center
is one of the features of the school. Any-
one interested in taking these courses is
urged to register at once by sending name
and address to Workers Laboratory
Theatre, 700 East Oakwood Blvd., Chi-

How the Communist revolutionaries must
chuckle at the capitalistic "saps" who pro-
vide them with this stage and meeting


Communist Party publishers; SO E. 13th
St., P.O. Box 148, Sta. D, New York City;
rec'd. money from Garland Fund; pub-
lishes Party pamphlets by Max Bedacht,
Alex. Bittleman, Lloyd Brown, Earl Brow-
der, Sam Don, Dave Doran, Wm. F. Dunne,
Harrison George, George Padmore, Helen
Stassova, Walter Trumbull, Sadie Van
Veen, Israel Amter, etc.


Recently formed American section of the
International Music Bureau of Moscow
(Communist). "Under the management of
Frances Strauss this outfit staged a Workers
Music Olympiad in the auditorium of City
College of N.Y., May 21, 1933. Proletarian
music of the United States and Russia was
featured on the program." (Advisory


Communist stamp collectors society.


Communist schools to train leaders for
the revolutionary overthrow of the U.S.
government (Permitted to exist and flour-
ish in defiance of sedition laws through the
negligence of American citizens who, per-
haps, will awaken and blame their own
laxity only when approaching fascism or
Communism knocks on their very own
doors). On the stationery of the main and
governing New York School (which rec'd
over $12,000 from the Garland Fund)
appears the quotation from Lenin: "With-
out revolutionary theory there can be no
revolutionary practise." (Hence the Red
howls for "free speech"). The Am. Labor
Year Book states it had 1,063 students for
the fall term of 1931 (the Communist press
reported 1,600 for the fall of 1932) and
that: "The School has established Sec-
tions in the various parts of Greater New
York. It also guides the educational work
of many unions, workers' clubs and fra-
ternal organizations. It conducts a corres-
pondence course in the Fundamentals of
Communism, with students in all parts of
the United States, Canada, Mexico, Aus-
tralia and elsewhere. The school holds a
Forum every Sunday night where, it is
claimed, there is an average attendance
between 500 and 600. It also supervises
the activities of its branches in Chicago,
San Francisco, Detroit, Cleveland, Balti-
more, Philadelphia, Boston, Kansas City,
St. Paul, Minneapolis and other cities. In
addition it has a full time training group,
the students of which are sent by the
unions and party divisions for intensive
preparation for work in the movement.
The executive committee of the Workers
School consists of R. Baker, Max Bedacht,
Wm. Z. Foster, M. James, A. Markoff, G.
Siskind, Alexander Trachtenberg and W.
W. Weinstone." Esperanto, as well as
Russian, English and Spanish, is taught.
Hdqts. 35 East 12th St., N.Y.C.

Chicago Workers School, located at 2822
S. Michigan Ave., states that it is affiliated
with the N.Y. School and its Fall 1932-33
announcement contained the following:
"The Chicago Workers School is the cen-
tral school of the revolutionary working
class organizations of the middle west. Its
object is to train leaders for the growing
mass struggles against the capitalist offen-
sive and for the revolutionary way out
of the crisis of capitalism." The slogan is
"Training for the Class Struggle." D. E.
Earley was listed as director, Lydia Beidel,

Organizations, Etc.


sec. Advisory Committee: Lydia Beidel,
Wm. E. Browder, D. E. Earley, Romania
Ferguson, Albert Goldman, Carl Haessler
(also a teacher there), Vladimir R. Jano-
wicz. Among Courses listed were: Prin-
ciples of Communism; Strike Strategy and
Tactics (by Joe Weber) ; Principles of
Communist Organization; Marxism-Lenin-
ism; Colonial and Negro Problems . . .
"Deals specifically with the rise of the op-
pressed Negro in the U.S. and colonial
revolutions against imperialist rule"; Prob-
lems of Youth, "Designed to train young and
adult workers for the organization of revo-
lutionary youth"; Dialectic Materialism
(anti-religion) ; Practical Labor Journalism
(by Carl Haessler); Labor Research;
"Workers' Children's Art School will hold
classes for children from the ages of 10 to
IS at the school every Saturday afternoon
from 1 to 5. Music, dancing, drawing, writ-
ing and other arts and crafts will be offered.
Instructors Topchevsky, Weed, Skolnick,
Morris, etc."

The Fall 1933-34 announcement lists as
"Executive Committee: Beatrice Shields,
director; Dena Van Heck, sec.; D. E. Ear-
ley, A. Feinglass, Walter Lamson, Claude
Lightfoot, Eugene Bechtold, J. Taugner,
Herbert Newton," and "Representatives of
Workers Organizations." An interesting
course on "Labor Defense" is added teach-
ing "The role of the governmental forces,
legislation, police, stool pigeons . . . use of
injunctions and criminal syndicalists laws
. . . tactics of defense in arrests and trials, the
use of attorneys, witnesses and self defense,
prisoners relief"; also "Tactics in the
Reformist Unions" (boring within A.F.
of L. unions).


Conducted 1933 at Chicago City Club
by Karl Borders' Chicago Workers' Com-
mittee on Unemployment (see) to train
Socialist agitators and organizers, wit^i
Maynard C. Krueger, militant Socialist,
teaching "New Economics for Old"; Lil-
lian Herstein, Socialist and member of
Communist subsidiary organizations, teach-
ing "The Class Struggle in American His-
tory"; W. B. Waltmire teaching "How to
Organize," etc.


Socialist fraternal insurance society; pri-
marily Jewish ; participates in Red strikes,
May Day demonstrations, Socialist Party
campaigns, labor agitations, "peace" meet-
ings, etc.; its left-wing formed the com-

munist I.W.O.; left-wing activities in 1932
were being led by Communist Party
(Majority), "Lovestoneites"; Young Circle
League, its Youth section, with 90 clubs
and 1,800 members, studies such subjects
(a month to a subject) as "Russia, Civil
Liberties, Strikes," etc.; maintains over 100
schools for children, where they are
taught to read and write Yiddish;
owns 5 camps, one near Pawling, N.Y.,
costing $500,000; has over 10,000 women
members in 79 branches, 700 branches with
about 75,000 members in the U.S. and
Canada; contributed in 1931 over $63,000
to Rand School, Brookwood Labor Col-
lege, Victor Berger Nat. Foundation, League
for Industrial Democracy, etc.; Elias
Lieberman, chmn.; Jack Zukerman, sec.;
J. L. Alfos, nat. dir. of Young Circle Lg. ;
N. Chanin, chmn.; F. Epstein, vice chmn.;
Dr. L. Hendrin, treas.; J. Baskin, gen.
sec.; P. Geliebter, edu. dir. of Workmen's
Circle; hdqts. 175 E. Broadway, N.Y.C.;
the anarchist Free Society Forum is held
at one of its Chicago schools (1241 N.
Cal. Ave.).


One of the Congresses Against War
(against imperialist, but favoring Red
civil war), organized and controlled by
Moscow's Intl. League Against Imperial-
ism (see) and held at Amsterdam, Aug.
27-29, 1932. The same leaders have since
organized the Student Congress Against
War (U. of Chgo., Dec. 1932); World
Congress of Youth Against War (Paris
1933) ; U.S. Congress Against War (Sept.
29-Oct. 2, 1933, N.Y. City); a Congress
barred from Shanghai, 1933, Anti-War
Committees in schools and colleges, Intl.,
Am. and Chicago Committees for Struggle
Against War, Am. Lg. Against War and
Fascism, etc.

An idea of all of these Congresses may
be gained from the report of the Amster-
dam Congress published in pamphlet form
by the American Committee for Struggle
Against War (104 Fifth Ave., Room 1811,
N.Y. City) with commendatory forewords
by Scott Nearing and Lola Maverick Lloyd
(saying "True pacifists are rebels," etc.).

To quote: "It was a Congress initiated
by the eloquent appeal of intellectuals of
international fame, Romain Rolland and
Henri Barbusse, to arouse the people of
the world against . . . specifically the danger
of an attack on the Soviet Union. They
sent forth a call to action; it was taken
up by like-minded men and women in
various countries, such as Maxim Gorki,


The Red Network

Bertrand Russell, Heinrich Mann, Albert
Einstein, Michael Karolyi, Martin Ander-
son Nexo, Mme. Sun Yat Sen, Theodore
Dreiser, and Upton Sinclair. Geneva . . .
Paris, London and Brussels refused to har-
bor such an assemblage." Of the 2,196 dele-
gates from 27 countries, "there were 1,041
without party allegiance, 830 Communists,
291 Social Democrats, 24 Left Socialists
and 10 of the Communist Opposition."

"The Russian delegation had been barred
by the Dutch government, but the banner
of greeting sent by its chairman, Maxim
Gorki, was received with thunderous
applause. . . . When Henri Barbusse rose
to address the delegates he was visibly
moved . . . Barbusse pleaded for unity of
all elements . . . the workers of hand and
of brain in the common cause. The need
for unity was also stressed by Remain
Rolland in the message he sent to the
opening session of the Congress ... he drove
borne the point . . . this was to be a militant
Congress. ... A Belgian striking miner
told dramatically how the month before,
when the army was called out and ordered
to fire on the striking miners, the soldiers
refused to obey. Equally impressive was a
German marine transport worker who
urged that the fight be carried on, not only
in the munitions industries, but hi all key
industries. He pledged the active support
of his union in preventing the transport
of munitions.

"Len Wincott described the Invergordon
strike in the British navy last year" (Com-
munist) . . . "Mrs. Wright, mother of two of
the negro boys condemned to death at
Scottsboro, was received with a memorable
ovation when she arose to greet the Con-
gress. . . . Prof. H. W. L. Dana briefly
described the mass unemployment and
hunger in America and the consequent un-
rest the ruling class attempts to sidetrack
through war. He urged a concrete pro-
gram including such steps as protest
strikes in munitions factories against the
manufacture of munitions, refusal to trans-
port munitions or troops and continual
struggle against the capitalist system,
which is the chief cause of war." (He was
barred from England because of his rad-
icalism, the press reported.) . . . "there
were 291 members of the Socialist Party
present. . . . Two were French Socialist
members of the Chamber of Deputies,
Hamon and Poupy; another was Nicole,
editor of 'Travail,' a Swiss Socialist paper."
(Nicole, named as an emissary of Moscow
by foreign press reports, was convicted
(June 3, 1933, Chgo. Tribune) of having

caused a bloody riot, Nov. 9, 1932, in
Geneva, which cost the lives of 13 and
injured 70). "These Socialists as a group
passed a resolution in which they stated
'We decide to work zealously within our
respective organizations to win them over
to the united front against war and for the
defense of the Russian Revolution.'"
(Nicole got busy very soon evidently.)
"Spontaneous cheering broke out when Sen
Katayama, veteran Japanese revolutionary
leader, came forward to make his speech,"
saying, " 'don't forget that you, by hand-
ling such shipments' " (arms and munitions
for Japan) " 'are helping to murder your
fellow workers ^ and to attack the Soviet
Union which is the guarantee of your
hopes for socialism.' . . . Patel, pictur-
esque white bearded Indian nationalist,
denounced British imperialism for its
brutal oppression of the Indian masses . . .
Cachin, a leading French Communist . . .
was vigorously applauded when he pre-
sented a program of action: 'Penetrate the
armed forces; win over workers and
peasants in the factories and fields.' "

"The most stirring, breath taking demon-
stration occurred towards the end of the
last session, in honor of an unexpected
speaker whose name we shall never know.
The chairman stepped forward, and in an
electrically vibrant voice he cried out:
'Comrades! I have an extraordinarily
important announcement to make! The
sailors of the Italian warship now in the
harbor of Amsterdam have heard of this
Congress, and one of them has come to
bring you greetings from his comrades ! . . .
But first let me warn you: take no pic-
tures! This boy's life is doomed if his
picture gets into the hands of the police.
And now I present him to you a name-
less sailor of the Italian fleet!' Instantly
the Congress was on its feet as one man,
and the 'International' rang out from
thousands of throats. And there mounted
the rostrum ... a sun bronzed sailor in the
dazzling white uniform of the Italian navy.
He gazed at the audience calmly until the
singing was over, then just as calmly but
with full consciousness of what he was
doing, he spoke for ten minutes in Italian.
He described the absolutism of the Fascist
dictatorship which, he said, makes revo-
lution the only possible means of change.
. . . Nevertheless there are small groups in
the army and navy who are preparing for
the only possible resistance when the crucial
moment comes. The speaker concluded:
'Abbasso il Fascismo ! Viva la rivoluzione
soziale!' (Down with Fascism! Long live

Organizations, Etc.


the social revolution!) The appearance of
the sailor symbolized the courageous, deter-
mined character of the Congress."

To quote from Romain Holland's
declaration "read at the opening of the
Congress by Mme. Duchene" of Jane
Addams' W.I.L.P.F. (as he was ill) : "We
French have especially to hold in check
until we can smash them our money and
business powers, our great barons of
industry who are the secret or proved
masters of politics." He suggested the
sabotage of "armament factories and the
means of transportation . . . at decisive

Among pledges assumed in the "Manifesto
of the Congress" were these: "We pledge
ourselves to dedicate ourselves with all
our resources to our immediate and press-
ing tasks, taking our stand: against arma-
ments, against war preparations and for
that reason against the imperialist powers
that rule us; against the campaign of
propaganda and slander aimed at the Soviet
Union, the country of Socialist construction
which we will not allow to be touched;
for the effective support of the Japanese
workers who have raised the standard of
struggle against their own imperialist

The Intl. Com. for Struggle Against War
(as listed) includes:

Theo. Dreiser, John Dos Passes, Upton Sinclair,
Prof. H. W. L. Dana, Sherwood Anderson, Frank
Bonch, Ella Reeve Bloor, Jos. Gardner, Emanuel
Levin, Wm. Simons (A.A.A.I. Lg.), Malcolm Cow-
ley, Sonia Kaross, the American members, and
Henri Barbusse, (Intl. Chmn.), Romain Rolland,
Marcel Cachin, Georges Poupy, Albert Einstein,
Hemrich Mann, Clara Zetkin, Hugo Graef, Have-
lock Ellis, Bertrand Russell, Tom Mann, Martin
Anderson Nexo, Karin Michaelis, Maxim Gorki,
Michael Karolyi, Leon Nicole, General Sandino,
Sen Katayama, Saklatvala, Mme. Sun Yat Sen.

A smaller Intl. Bureau within the above
includes as American members Wm.
Simons and H. W. L. Dana.

The American Committee for Struggle
Against War (as listed) includes:

Theo. Dreiser, hon. chmn.; Malcolm Cowley
chmn.; Dr. Oakley Johnson, sec.; A. A. Heller,
treas. and Sherwood Anderson, Newton Arvin,
Roger Baldwin, Harry Elmer Barnes, Ella Reeve
Bloor, Franz Boas, Edwin M. Borchard, Frank
Borich, Jos. R. Brodsky, Winifred Chappell, Jos.
Cohen, Ida Dailes, H. W. L. Dana, John Dos
Passos, W. E. B. Du Bois, Julia Ellsworth Ford,
Jos. Freeman, Lillian Furness, Jos. Gardner, Kate
Crane Gartz, Michael Gold, Jos. Gollomb, Eugene
Gordon, Louis Grudin, Robert Hall, Ali H. Has-
san, Donald Henderson, Harold Hickerson, Sid-
ney Hook, Morris Kamman, Sonia Kaross, Joshua
Kunitz, Corliss Lament, Emanuel Levin, E. C.
Lindeman, Lola Maverick Lloyd, Robt. Morss
Lovett, Pierre Loving, J. C. McFarland, Rev. R.
Lester Mondale, Felix Morrow, Alia Nazimova,
Scott Nearing, Dr. Henry Neumann, Rabbi Henry

M. Rosenthal, Jos. G. Roth, Edward Royce, James
Humphrey Sheldon, W. R. Sassaman, Margaret
Schlauch, Wm. Simons, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln

Steffens, Samuel J. Stember, Bernard J. Stern, Leo-
pold Stokowski, Maurice Sugar, Belle G. Taub,
Charlotte Todes, Lillian D. Wald, Lloyd Westlake,
Thornton Wilder, Ella Winter.

The smaller 1933 "International, Amer-
ican, and Chicago Committees for Struggle
Against War" are listed under that title
in this book.

American delegates to the Amsterdam
Congress were:

Henry G. Alsberg, Sherwood Anderson, Jos.
Brodsky, N. Buchwald, Stella Buchwald, Jos.
Cohen, Prof. H.W.L. Dana, Leon Dennenberg,
Lillian tut ness, jos. Gardner, Eliz. Giiman, Dr.
Israel Goldstein, Minna Harkavy, Karl Herrmann,
Vivienne Hochman, Sonia Kaross, Lola Maverick
Lloyd, J. C. McFarland, Clara Meltzer, Scott
Nearing, J. G. Roth, I. Schendi, Prof. Margaret
Schlauch, John Scott, Wm. Simons, Samuel Stem-
ber, Bernhard J. Stern, Maurice Sugar, Belle G.
Taub, Charlotte Todes, Lloyd Westlake, Dorothy
Detzer, Samuel W. Eiges, Henry George (Wauke-
gan, 111.).


Held in Paris, France, Aug. 5-6-7, 1933 ;
organized by the Intl. and American Com-
mittees for Struggle Against War controlled
by Moscow's communist Intl. Lg. Against
Imperialism leaders, who organized the
World Congress Against War at Amsterdam
and its successors.

The send off of three "peace" delegates
and the spirit of these "pacifists" was
graphically described by the communist
Daily Worker, Sept. IS, 1933, as follows:
"Down the full length of 14th St. to the
Cunard Steamship Line, marched 500
workers Wednesday night at 11 P.M.
behind three flowing red flags in a send-
off demonstration to the three young
workers leaving for the Paris World Youth
Congress Against War and Fascism. . . .
The resounding militant music of the Red
Front Band played the fighting songs of
revolutionary workers engaged in the strug-
gle against wars and bosses' oppression in
the form of NRA. Workers watched the
parade amazed at the rythmic shouting of
the whole line 'Hands Off Cuba,' Tight
Against Imperialist War* ... six policemen
attempted to arrest Leonard Patterson,
Negro Young Communist League member,
While he was making an extraordinary
appeal for funds at Union Square. . . .
One cop was clipped on the jaw by a
worker, the others were quickly sur-
rounded by an angry, screaming crowd,
and for a moment it looked like the police
would start clubbing. The police, however,
realizing the furious militancy of the crowd,


The Red Network

immediately released Patterson: A few
minutes later the group of 200 arrived
from the open air meeting they had been
forced to hold at 15th St. and Irving Place
when the war authorities refused a permit
for a mass demonstration inside the Wash-
ington Irving High School. Speakers at
this meeting included Abraham Kaufman
of the War Resisters League and Annie
Gray of the Women's Peace Society."
"When the line of marchers approached
13th Ave., on which the piers are located,
the band started playing the Internationale,
and 500 fists were raised to the day when
the revolutionary workers will take pos-
session of the waterfront and smash ship-
ments of ammunition. . . . Carl Geiser,
National Organizer of the United States
Anti-War Congress, and a member of the
Workers Ex-Service Men's League" (Com-
munist) "quickly jumped up on top of a
delivery car and addressed the marchers.
Three rousing cheers were given the dele-
gates Clemence Strauss, Phil Rosengarten,
and Toiva Oja. . . . Then with the drums
thumping out the Internationale to the
accompaniment of lusty voices the workers
bade farewell to the delegates and marched
back." (Emphasis supplied.)

A copy of the leaflet entitled "To the
Youth of America A Call for Action
Against War and Fascism" issued by the
American Committee for this Congress is
before me. It urges penetration of the
armed forces, C.M.T.C., R.O.T.C., steel
and chemical plants, Conservation Camps,
transportation industries, National Guard,
and "Wherever Youth Meets," for distri-
bution of this "Call" and for propagandiz-
ing disloyal activities against these very
organizatons for which the youths are

One page is devoted to the endorsers and
their endorsements of this Congress and
lists as "Supporters of Call" the following:

American Committee for Struggle Against War
(hdqts. of the committee issuing the "Call");
Anti-Imperialist League, Youth Section (Commu-
nist); Fellowship of Reconciliation; Green Inter-
national; International Workers Order, Youth Sec-
tion (Communist) ; Labor Sports Union (Com-
munist) ; National Lithuanian Youth Federation
(Communist); National Student Committee:
Negro Student Problems (Communist) ; National
Student Committee for Struggle Against War
(Communist); National Student League (Com-
munist) ; Nature Freunde (Communist) ; Needle
Trades Workers Industrial Union, Youth Section
(Communist); W. Walter Ludwig. secretary of
Pioneer Youth of America (Socialist); Edwin C.
Johnson, secretary of the Committee on Militarism
in Education (Garland Fund-aided); War Registers
League; Young Communist League; Young
Pioneers (Communist).

Carl Geiser, of the communist Wkrs.
Ex-Service Men's Lg., was listed as secre-
tary of the American Committee arranging
this Congress, and Abraham Kaufman, of
the War Resisters Lg., as treasurer, and the
hdqts. as 104 Fifth Ave., N.Y. City.
(Hdqts. of Am. Com. for Struggle Against


Another "peace" society formed 1931;
endorsed by radicals of all hues; successor
to World Peace Posters; supporting organ-
ization communist U.S. Cong. Ag. War;
"Disarm or Be Destroyed! That's about
what it boils down to" is its challenge in
appealing for funds. Hdqts. 31 Union
Square, N.Y. City; 1933 letterhead gives
as "Endorsers Committee":

Dr. Jos. H. Apple, Prof. Franz Boaz, Chas.
Corbett, Dr. Geo. S. Counts, Dr. Donald J. Cow-
ling, Dr. John D. Finlayson, Rev. Walter Getty,
Dr. Sidney Goldstein, Rev. Sidney Gulick, D.D.,
Horace W. Hardy, Dr. S. Ralph Harlow, Dr.
Lynn Harold Hough, Mary Hobson Jones, Mrs.
Rebecca Kohut, Mrs. Henry Goddard Leach,
James G. McDonald, Philip C. Nash, Ray New-
ton, Rev. Reinhold Niebuhr, Prof. Harry Allen
Overstreet, John Nevin Sayre, Tucker P. Smith:
"Organizing Committee on Peace Advertising":

Online LibraryElizabeth Kirkpatrick DillingThe red network; a who's who and handbook of radicalism for patriots → online text (page 42 of 59)