Bruce Barton, Bennett Chappie, Jos. Deutsch,
Mrs. Theresa Mayer Durlach, Herbert S. Houston,
Frank W. Nye, Frank L. Palmer, Pres. Walter
Dill Scott of Northwestern Univ., Tucker P.
Smith, Crosby B. Spinney; "Executive Com-
mittee": Chmn., Mrs. Theresa Mayer Durlach;
treas., Frank W. Nye; sec., Mrs. Dorothy Siegel;
members: Roswell P. Barnes, E. Harrison Eudy,
Dr. Alvin C. Goddard. Prof. Carlton J. H. Hayes,
Clifton D. Jackson, Frederick C. Libby, and Mrs.
Estelle M. Sternberger.
Socialist publication founded by Norman
Thomas; mouthpiece of the radical-pacifist
War Resisters League; rec'd. thousands
of dollars from the red Garland Fund. The
N.Y. State Lusk Report (p. 1129) says,
concerning John Haynes Holmes and other
communistic ministers: "An insidious anti-
religious campaign is being carried on by
these men and their colleagues in such
reviews as 'The World Tomorrow' (New
York) and 'Unity' (Chicago)." (See under
Abraham Lincoln Center "Unity.") Devere
Allen and Reinhold Niebuhr were promi-
nent at communist U.S. Congress Against
Hdqts. 52 Vanderbilt Ave., N.Y. City;
Kirby Page, Devere Allen, Reinhold Niebuhr,
Paul H. Douglas (of the "Brain Trust"); assoc.
editors: H. N. Brailsford, Geo. A. Coe, Halford
E. Luccock, H. C. Engelbrecht; contrib. eds.:
John Bennett, Sherwood Eddy, John Haynes
Holmes, Samuel Guy In man, Edward L. Israel,
Paul Jones, A. Albert MacLeod, Patrick Murphy
Malin, Francis J. McConnell, Rhoda E. McCul-
loch, Helen Grace Murray, A. J. Muste, H.
Richard Niebuhr, William Pickens, Maxwell S.
Stewart, Norman Thomas; pres., John Nevin
Sayre; sec., Dorothy Detzer; treas., Henry P.
WRITERS PROTEST COMMITTEE
Affiliated with the Revolutionary Writers
YOUNG CIRCLE CLUBS
Workmen's Circle youth section.
YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE
Originally Young Workers League; rec'd.
money from Garland Fund (Chicago
branch, $1,200; Superior, Wis., $2,000) ;
youth section of Communist Party; Amer-
ican section of Moscow's Young Commu-
nist International; for young Communists,
16 to 22 years of age; especially charged
with subversive work in the armed forces;
official organ is 'JThe Young Worker"
(P.O. Box 28, Sta. D, N.Y.C.; 60c for 6
mo.). The message of the 9th Plenum of
the Exec. Com. of the Young Communist
International (Apr. 1, 1933 issue, Young
Worker), after praising the U.S.S.R., said
in part: "Their brothers who are not as
yet released from the oppression of the
boss class sharply watch all the maneuvers
of the enemy, consolidating their united
militant front for the defense of the Soviet
Union. And if the enemy will dare to
raise its bloody claws against the father-
land of the proletariat of the whole world,
in all the capitalist countries of the world
a wall of iron defense of the U.S.S.R. will
grow up and millions of young revolution-
ists will defend it. Long live the U.S.S.R.,
the first country of Socialism! Long live
the Comintern, the leader of the world
workers revolution! Long live the Young
Communist International! Long live the
unity of the young workers and toilers in
the struggle against the bourgeoisie!"
YOUNG PEOPLES SOCIALIST LEAGUE
Youth section of Socialist Party and
affiliated with Socialist Youth International
(hdqts. were Berlin) ; has about 90
branches in U.S.; members participate in
militant Red strike activities; aided Intl.
Ladies Garment Workers, Amalgamated
Cloth. Workers, Women's Trade Union
League in 1932 (Am. Labor Year Book) ;
takes part in Communist Anti-War,
Mooney, May Day, etc. united front
activities; George Smerkin, its nat. sec.,
who spoke at the Communist Mooney
meeting, May 1, 1933, said the Y.P.S.L.
was with the Communist Party not only
in the Mooney and Scottsboro matters but
until the very end to help put over the
Revolution! His delegation was cheered
as it entered the Chicago Stadium bear-
ing a large red banner just like the Com-
munists' with "Y.P.S.L." on it. Exec, com.:
Julius Uniansky, nat. chmn.; Winston
Dancis (N.Y.) ; Lester Shulman (Mass.) ;
John Hall (Mass.); Eugene McStroul
(Wis.); Pearl Greenberg (III); Max
YOUNG PIONEERS OF AMERICA
Communist organization for boys and
girls 8 to IS years of age, who may grad-
uate from it into the Young Communist
League and then at 23 into the Communist
Party proper; modeled after the Boy
Scout movement but passionately antagon-
istic to it. To quote the U.S. Fish Report:
"Many Young Pioneer summer camps
conducted by the Workers International
Relief have sprung up hi various sections
of the United States since 1925 at which
time there were 2 camps. In 1929 the
number had increased to 20 located in 8
different states. New York State pre-
dominates with 5 such camps all teaching
hatred of God, of our form of government
and of the American flag. In New York
state alone over 15,000 young communists
are turned out each year from these camps,
trained to promote class hatred and to
urge the destruction of all American ideals
and traditions. . . . There is no Federal
law prohibiting such camps teaching dis-
loyalty and practically treason to thousands
of healthy and bright young future Amer-
icans. . . . During their attendance at these
summer camps these children are educated
in the principles and tenets of communism;
anti-patriotic and anti-religious instructions
are stressed and they are taught hatred
and contempt for the American government,
American institutions and all religions.
They render no respect or allegiance to the
American flag the Stars and Stripes and
it is never displayed. In fact they are
taught not to salute the flag or to pledge
allegiance to it. They are, however taught
to reverence the red flag of communism
and world revolution and to formally
pledge allegiance to it. The red flag is dis-
played in the conduct of the daily camp
programs. Admission of children to these
camps is not restricted to those whose
parents are communists. An effort is made
to draw into the camps children of work-
The Red Network
ing people, both white and Negroes, who
are non-communist, with the hope of mak-
ing them converts and through them influ-
ence other children and their parents."
In Chicago, 1933, under the name of
"Shule" there were ten Young Pioneer
training schools located as follows: 3308
Crystal St.; 2653 W. Division St.; 3507
Lawrence Ave.; 1228 S. Lawndale Ave.;
3313 Armitage Ave.; 1209 S. Karlov Ave.;
1224 S. Albany Ave.; 1124 W. 59th St.;
2052 W. Division St.; 1554 S. Roman Ave.
In the Chicago Communist May Day par-
ade, 1933, about 500 Young Pioneers
marched carrying Red flags and singing
The official organ is the "New Pioneer,"
which publishes the most vicious class-
hate, revolutionary propaganda. A child's
poem praised as "among the best" printed
in the Nov. 1932 issue is characteristic
to quote: "We'll organize and fight the
boss for cutting father's pay; Hey, fellow
workers, to Hell with the bosses we say!"
Under the heading "A Grand New
Science Book," the Feb. 1933 issue says:
"Once there was a young man who made
his living by telling the workers fairy tales
about how the world was created. .
That is what all ministers and priests make
their living by doing and this young man
Was a minister. He preached in the Epis-
copal Church. But as he grew older he
came to see how false this preaching was.
... He began to show the workers how
the churches had always taught what was
not true. . . . For that he was thrown out
of the church. . . . Now he has written a
grand book especially for workers children.
. . . And how different it all is from the
dull, mistaken stuff they teach us in school
and church no hocus pocus about spirits
that don't exist, no comments to be 'loyal'
to the employers and their government and
let them keep on robbing us. Quite the
opposite. Every page tears to tatters some
pet idea that the bosses try to make the
teachers try to force into our heads.
The name of the book? O! Yes it is
Science and History for Boys and Girls by
Wm. Montgomery Brown." (Atheist
Communist deposed Episcopal Bishop and
head of Workers International Relief.)
"New Pioneer" is pub. at 50 E. 13th St.,
N.Y.C. Editorial board:
Everett Burns, Bert Grant, William Cropper,
Gertrude Haessler, V. Jerome, Harry Potamkin, j!
Preval, Bernard Reines, Ernest Reymer, Sasha
Small; Editors: Helen Kay, Wm. Siegel; mgr.,
Anna Cornblath. Contributing editors: Mary
Adams, Phil Bard, Max Bedacht, "Bishop" Wm
Brown, Julia Davis, Marion Davis, Robert Dunn,
Wm. Z. Foster, Lydia Gibson, Hugo Gellert, Mike
Gold, Maxim Gorki, Al Harris, Grace Hutchins,
Harry Kaplan, M. Kirkland, Melvin Levy, Grace
Lumpkin, Marya Morrow, Myra Page, John Dos
Passos, Abel Plenn, Walter Quirt, Hannah Rile
John C. Rogers, Ruth Shaw, Dr. Slatkin, Otto
Soglow, Sadie Van Veen, Jos. Vogel, Ryan Walker,
Waly, Wex, John Worth.
Y.M.C.A. AND Y.W.C.A.
A speaker for the Young Communist
League drew attention at the Chicago
Coliseum Communist mass meeting for Bar-
busse, Oct. 23, 1933, to the placards placed
around the walls announcing their "Pre-
liminary Youth Conference Against War,
Wednesday, Nov. 1st, Y.M.C.A. Central
College, 19 South La Salle St., Room 360."
The Communist press records many similar
While exposures in the press of com-
munistic activities of the Y.M.C.A. in Asia
and Europe and of dynamite found in the
Y.M.C.A. and complicity of Y.M.C.A.
officials in Cuba, and the prevalence of
League for Industrial Democracy Socialist-
Communist literature and influence in stu-
dent Y.M.CA. college branches, arouse
comment from time to time, it is still gen-
erally supposed that the "C" in Y.W.C.A.
and Y.M.C.A. stands for "Christian," not
The publications of the Y.W.C.A.
National Board would seem to make this
a question. The Camp Gray (Saugatuck,
Mich.) Conferences for Y.W.C.A. leaders,
held each summer for consecutive groups,
in 1932 used their own song sheet with
the official Communist revolutionary song
"The Internationale" (four verses) and
"Solidarity Forever," the I.W.W. song by
Ralph Chaplin who served five years in
the penitentiary for sedition. The latter
is sung to the tune of "Battle Hymn of
the Republic" at Communist meetings. The
next year (1933) they printed a Confer-
ence book and entitled it "Solidarity Tor
the Union Makes Us Strong' " (from words
of Chaplin's I.W.W. song). They included
the entire Industrial Song Sheet of 17
songs of the Y.W.C.A. National Board and
added, besides, the following Communist
From Russia victorious
The Workers October,
Comes storming reaction's
Regime the world over.
We're coming with Lenin
For Bolshevik work,
From London, Havana, Berlin and New
Rise up fields and workshops,
Come out workers, farmers;
To battle march onward,
March on world stormers
Eyes sharp on your guns,
Red banners unfurled;
Advance proletarians to conquer the world.
RED MARCHING SONG
Hear our voices, hear our marching,
Hear how they make the despots quake!
We are treading rapidly
The mountain paths to victory!
ARISE YOU WORKERS
Arise you workers, fling to the breeze
The scarlet banner, the scarlet banner,
Arise you workers, fling to the breeze
The scarlet banner triumphantly.
Wave scarlet banner triumphantly,
Wave scarlet banner triumphantly,
Wave scarlet banner triumphantly,
For Communism and Liberty!
This conference book, "Solidarity,"
thanks Miss Annetta Dieckmann, Chicago
Y.W.C.A. secretary, for having secured the
use of this camp for summer conferences
since 1925. She is also listed as a group
leader, and Sonya S. Forthal (said to be
wife of Dr. J. G. Spiesman of 222 N. Oak
Park Ave., Oak Park, 111.) as leader of
Political Action. The pro-Soviet talk on
Russia of Lucy Garner, "Executive of
Industrial Department on National Board
since 1924," is also summarized in it.
The Industrial Song Sheet used in this
conference book is also issued separately
by the Y.W.C.A. National Board. It
includes but two verses of the Communist
"Internationale." But one of the two
chosen is the anti-religious one:
We want no condescending saviors,
To rule us from a judgement hall,
We workers ask not for their favors;
Let us consult for all.
'Tis the final conflict
Let each stand in his place
The International Party
Shall be the human race.
The Communists sing it with the differ-
ence of one word: "The International
Soviet shall be the human race."
"Solidarity Forever," by Ralph Chaplin,
is included, as is the Communist song "The
Advancing Proletaire," which expresses
anything but the Christian spirit:
We are coming unforgiving
And the earth resounds our tread.
Bone and sinew of the living,
Spirit of the rebel dead,
You who sow'd the wind of sorrow
Now the whirlwind you must dare,
As you face upon the morrow
The advancing Proletaire.
"I'm Labor" is No. 10, a very good
I'm very humble, I'm Labor.
I rarely grumble, I'm Labor.
In summer heat and winter gale,
I pack a load or swing a flail;
But some one else rakes in the kale,
I'm Labor (All: He's Labor)
From birth to death my life is spent
In hovel shack or tenement;
But still some landlord gets the rent,
I'm Labor! (All: He's Labor!)
I have no say, I'm Labor.
I just obey, I'm Labor.
I slaved through years of hate and war
Or spilled my own or my brother's gore
But did I know what the shootin's for?
I'm Labor (All: He's Labor).
"Nations Come and Join Us" and "We
Shall Be Free," Socialist Party songs, the
communist Russian "Work Song," "Over
All the Lands" by Communist Anna Louise
Strong, "Song of the Workers" ("Men who
toil like bosses, Will you serve the bosses,
And bow down to heels of steel?" etc.), are
included. Also "Comrades Join the Muster-
Comrades join the mustering forces;
Lift your eyes from work and hear
High above the grind and rattle
The Internationale sounding strong and
All of the 17 songs are somewhat similar
with the exception of two Negro spirituals.
These two are the only songs that mention
the word "God" and not one song in the
book alludes to Christ in any way.
The Red Network
The "Program Exchange" issued by the
"Laboratory Division, National Board
Y.W.C.A., 600 Lexington Ave., New York,
additional copies 25 cents from the
Woman's Press," says (p. 4):
"Someone has. said 'the excuse for being
of Association Music is its relation to pro-
gram.' How then are labor songs tied into
workers education in the Y.W.CA.? . . .
"Such songs as 'Solidarity Forever,'
'Song of the Workers' " (Men who toil like
bosses, etc.), "from the Vagabond King,
and local adaptations of the 'Song of the
Flame' are similarly excellent devices for
arousing class consciousness through par-
ticipation. (Emphasis supplied.)
"So many groups are becoming interested
in Russia that the 'Internationale' with its
stirring call to action and world brother-
hood can be used increasingly. This song
offers immediate discussion material for
communism and socialism, internationalism,
etc. . . . Many so-called 'Red' songs can
be altered a bit by groups studying Russia
to fit the various stages of social awareness
of the groups."
(p. 13): "The Friends of Soviet Russia"
(Communist) "offer us exhibits of pictures
on work life among the Soviets. They will
prepare special exhibits for groups study-
ing special subjects. There is no charge
except postage. They suggest that clubs
use their magazine 'Soviet Russia Today'
for pictures and facts. Subscriptions are
$1.00 a year. If clubs sell 5 or more sub-
scriptions they may make 25 cents on each
subscription. Address 80 East llth St.,
New York." (Communist hdqts.)
"The League for Industrial Democracy,
112 East 19th St., New York, has the best
bibliography we have seen. It deals with
Social Reconstruction and covers biography
and drama as well as general fiction and
economics. Order it for advanced girls,
for committees and for setting up confer-
ences. Price 5 cents." (The Socialist L.I.D.
is closely associated with the Y.M.CA.
"A new interest in public ownership" of
public utilities with "study and action in
this field", on p. 10 (Socialism), and "more
knowledge about free dental, lung and heart
clinics, about birth control, about how to
learn to dance", on p. 2, and "music and
worship groups united in writing a new
grace that should express new social think-
ing uninhibited by the traditional feeling of
personal religion attached to the old hymn
tunes", on p. 5, are suggested.
An ex-Communist tells me that Eleanor
Copenhaver, National Industrial Secretary
of the Y.W.C.A., has recently married Sher-
wood Anderson, prominent Communist
worker. There should be a thorough inves-
tigation made of the whole personnel and
program of the Y.W.C.A. and either a
change of name or a change of National
Boa-rd policy made. Why should Christians
support those who "wave scarlet banner
triumphantly for Communism and Lib-
YOUTH CRUSADE FOR
Sponsored by Fellowship of Recon-
(Abbreviations of organizations named in
in the Index.)
( Who's Who" are explained
contrib 4 contributor
delg delegate or delegation
edu education or educational
org organizer or organization
publ publicity or publication
soc social or society
254 The Red Network
EXPLAINING SOME "RED" TERMS
"Proletariat": the poorest class of society; those who own no savings,
property, business, insurance, or other investment, and hire no labor.
"Bourgeoisie": small property, investment, or business-owning class.
"Exploiters": all who collect profit from investments, rent, or labor of
others. All bourgeoisie are "exploiters" and all proletarians are "exploited".
"Class consciousness": the sense of being "exploited" and eager for the
"Class war" or "Class struggle": the struggle of the proletariat to set up
a dictatorship over the bourgeoisie, first by strikes, "daily struggles" against
employers, landlords, and bourgeois governmental authorities leading to revo-
lution, seizure of governmental power, then the subjugation of the bourgeoisie
by force or "liquidation". After 16 years the class war is still going on in
Russia, to purge it from bourgeois "class enemies''.
"Class enemy": one who hinders the proletariat in any way from carrying
out its program of dictatorship.
"Liquidate": to get rid of. It may mean getting rid of bourgeois ideas
by education, but more frequently in Russia it means getting rid of persons
by shooting, exile, or by "giving them the wolf card", that is, disenfran-
chising them by refusing them food, housing, or job cards without which, the
government being the sole landlord, employer, and store keeper, the victim
is turned out to wander and finally die of starvation. Millions were thus
liquidated in 1933 as "class enemies".
"Cadres": leaders forming a skeleton military organization capable of
engineering revolutionary uprising. All Communist Party members who are
promising material as military officers are trained either by enlistment in
National Guard and other "bourgeois" organizations, there to act as traitors
at the moment of uprising, or by the Red Front League affiliated with the
Young Communist League (see Red Army in U. S. A.) and other "workers
"Left wing": the most radical or extreme element in any organization.
A "leftist" is one of the left wing.
"Right wing": the most moderate or conservative element in any organ-
"Centrists": those occupying a position between left and right wings.
"Reactionary" or "Rightist'': tending toward the conservative and away
from the radical.
"Collectivize": to take private property and put it under collective man-
agement and ownership. Farmers in Russia give up their homes, stock, and
tools to be used as part of a collective farm upon which they work as em-
ployees and receive such share of the proceeds as the Party and farm
authorities give them.
"Capitalism": the system of government which defends private owner-
ship of business and property.
"Socialism": collectivized or State ownership of property, business, em-
ployment, means of production; the opposite from private ownership; its
slogan: "Production for use and not for profit."
Organizations, Etc. 255
"Worker": a Communist is always a "worker". Non-Communists are
always "exploiters" in Communist literature. Supposedly only Communists
"Classless society": the objective of Socialism-Communism; the State
owned and controlled society under which all receive an equal income, the
"profit motive" being replaced by punishment: "He who does not work
does not eat," etc.
"New Social Order" and "Cooperative Commonwealth": Socialism-Com-
SUPPLEMENT TO THIRD PRINTING, JULY 1934
ANGLO-AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF THE FIRST MOSCOW
A communist summer school in Moscow conducted in conjunction with
American educators; to quote its announcements: "The ANGLO-AMER-
ICAN INSTITUTE will offer at the First Moscow University, during the
summer of 1934, a variety of courses to serve as a means of furthering cul-
tural contacts between American, English and Russian teachers and students."
"All instruction is in English, under the direction of a faculty of Soviet
professors and specialists, with an advisory staff of American instructors.
Moscow University certifies academic credit for foreign students."; director:
I. V. Sollins; Nat. Advis. Coun.: W. W. Charters, Dir. Bur. of Edu. Research.
Ohio State U.; Harry Woodburn Chase, Chancellor N. Y. U.; George S,
Counts, Prof. Edu. Tchrs. Coll., Columbia U.; John Dewey, Prof. Emeritus
of Phil., Columbia U.; Stephen Duggan, Dir. Inst. Intl. Edu.; Hallie F.
Flanagan, Prof. Engl., Vassar Coll.; Frank P. Graham, Pres. U. of N. C.;
Robert M. Hutchins, Pres., U. of Chgo.; Charles H. Judd, Dean Sch. Edu.,
U. of Chgo.; I. L. Kandel, Prof, of Edu., Tchrs. Coll., Columbia U.; Robert
L. Kelly, Sec. Assoc. of Amer. Coll.; John A. Kingsbury, Sec. Milbank Mem.
Fund; Susan M. Kingsbury, Prof, of Soc. Econ. and Soc. Research, Bryn
Mawr Coll.; Paul Klapper, Dean Sch. of Edu., Coll. City of N. Y.; Charles R.
Mann, Dir. Am. Coun. on Edu.; Edward R. Murrow, Asst. Dir. Inst. of
International Edu.; William Allan Neilson, Pres. Smith Coll.; Howard W.
Odum, Prof, of Soc. and Dir. Sch. of Pub. Welfare, U. of N. C.; William F.
Russell, Dean Tchrs. Coll., Columbia U.; H. W. Tyler, Gen. Sec. Am. Assn.
of U. Profs.; Ernest H. Wilkins, Pres. Oberlin Coll.; John W. Withers, Dean
Sch. of Edu., N. Y. U.; Thomas Woody, Prof, of Hist, of Edu., U. of Pa.;
Harvey W. Zorbaugh, Dir. Clinic for the Soc. Adj. of Gifted Children,
N. Y. U.
The Red Network
WILLIAM R. HOIO.T.
JAMES H. MoGirx
EDWARD F. Dmm
GKACB F. PBTKB
WCLBT W. MILLS
S. J. KomCTXAMP
KAI.I-H U. THOMP.OV
Jorct J. WAI.T