Elizabeth M. Leach (Elizabeth May Leach) Rixford.

Three hundred colonial ancestors and war service, their part in making American history from 495 to 1934 online

. (page 1 of 47)
Online LibraryElizabeth M. Leach (Elizabeth May Leach) RixfordThree hundred colonial ancestors and war service, their part in making American history from 495 to 1934 → online text (page 1 of 47)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


. \^



Jdnajpf fund


Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Boston Public Library


Three Hundred Colonial Ancestors
and War Service

Their Part in Making American History
From 495 to 1934

By Their Lineal Descendant
Mrs. (Oscar Herbert) Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford

Author of

Families Directly Descended from all the Royal Families

in Europe

' 'Happy he, who with bright regard looks back upon his father's fathers, who
with joy recounts their deeds of grace, and in himself, valued the latest
link in the fair chain of noble sequence." — Goeiee.

"Remember the days of old, the years of many generations: ask thy father and
he will shew thee: thy elders and they mil tell thee." — Detjt., 32:7.


Published by The Tuttle Company

Rutland, Vermont




Copyrighted ig34

By Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford

All Rights Reserved

including the right to reproduce this or

parts thereof in any form


Copies of this genealogy can be purchased on application to
Mrs. Oscar H. Rixford of East Highgate, Vermont



My Only Son

©sicar abelbert 3Rixforb


My Grandchildren

Mary-Elizabeth L. Rixford


Oscar^ Theodore Rixford


i^^ M.

R. ^







U5 g



U3 ^
00 x



T^ ,i^




r, f^




r— <

~Cr ,








^ ^


s *




>S" a5





J s




S3 ^

ht ^-^










r-i Ji ^



/O M= cC


m, 1^

X ^j mj cfO


•4) ^


A Family Tree or a Chart which traces one's ancestors and
descendants is not only a thing of much interest but it possesses a
value which increases materially with each succeeding year. In
America we have been so busy in developing a new Continent in the
estabhshment of our independence, that many of us neglected to
maintain the family records. But the Good Book commends us to
honor our Father and Mother and there is no better way than
perpetuating their memories. I have tried to trace all branches of
direct maternal and paternal lines of my own family and the main
branches of my husband's family, namely: Rixford, Hawkins,
Wilson, FHnt, Cutting, Hinds, Cook and Cushman. Many family
records never permitted before have been used.

The first Volume consists of Royal Ancestry and Mayflower hnes.
I have also included in Volume II, a few Royal Lines not included
in Volume I.

The work has been a labor of love and it has been my wish that
all who possess the book may enjoy it as much as I have it's com-
pilation. It has cost me a great deal of time and labor, expended
without thought of compensation, save that which comes from the
satisfaction of preserving records and family traditions, which
were rapidly passing away.

Notwithstanding all the efforts made, and care exercised to verify
names and dates, there are doubtless errors. The larger portion
of the facts herein recorded, have been obtained from family records
and Bibles, Pension Bureau records. State Archives, Cemetery
records or from published Genealogies, and to all I acknowledge
my indebtedness and have tried to give each one due credit wherever

As a foundation for my "Genealogy of Royal Descent," Vol.
I, and "Three Hundred Colonial Ancestors," Vol. II, I have used
the four Mayflower lines to Francis Cooke, James and Susannah
Chilton, and daughter Mary, and two lines to the National Society
Founders and Patriots of America, to Lawrence Leach and William
Phelps, these seven lines being traced by my brother F. Phelps
Leach. The Author has three lines to the Huguenot Society to Hon.
John Washburn, John Bissell, and James Eno; ten lines to the
Daughters of the American Revolution to Ephraim Leach, Samuel
Shattuck, Aaron Field, Samuel Hungerford, Isaiah Hungerford,
Samuel Nash, James Hawley, Joel Phelps, Stephen Mead, and
Samuel Brown; three lines to the United States Daughters of 1812;
forty-seven lines to the Colonial Daughters of the 17th Century;
one hundred forty supplemental lines to the National Society
Daughters of the American Colonists in Vermont.

Colonial ancestors of (Mrs. Oscar H.) EHzabeth M. Rixford,
which have been accepted by the National Society of Daughters of


American Colonists, and for which Ancestral Bars have been receiv-
ed (see "Daughters of American Colonists Lineage Book," 1931-

Francis Cooke, James Chilton, John Winslow, Robert Latham, Lawrence
Leach, Giles Leach, Benjamin Leach, Esq., Sergt. Solomon Leach, John Leach,
William Phelps, Lieut. Timothy Phelps, Lieut. Samuel Phelps, Ensign Samuel
Phelps, Joel Phelps, Thomas Nash, Lieut. Timothy Nash, Lieut. John Nash,
Samuel Nash, Esq., WiUiam Mead, Author, Joseph Mead, Esq., Capt. Stephen
Mead, Richard Bidwell, James Eno, Sr., James Eno, Jr., Samuel Himgerford,
Thomas Hungerford, Thomas 2nd Hungerford, Thomas 3rd Hungerford, Samuel
Barber, Sergt. Thomas Barber, Rev. Samuel Stone, John Stone, Nathaniel
Merrill, Huguenot, John Merrill, Dea. Abraham Merrill, Jonathan Graves, Capt.
Benjamin Graves, John Washburn, Capt. Matthew Smith, Lieut. Matthew Smith,
Capt. Nathaniel Turner, Abraham Brown, Nathaniel Frary, Samson Frary,
Samuel Gregory, John Gregory, Jachan Gregory, William Latham, Dea. John
Watson, Lieut. Joseph Kellogg, Stephen Terry, Henry Burt, Sergt. Ephraim
Wheeler, Angell Husted, Zechariah Field, Benjamin^ Graves, Edward Wynn, Dea.
Samuel Chapin, Ebenezer Field, Samuel Field, Centinel Aaron Field, Lieut.
Thomas Gilbert, Thomas Sanford, Ezekiel Sanford, Capt. Ezekiel Sanford, Capt.
Ephraim Sanford, Capt. John Bissell, Samuel Bissell, Robert Hinsdale, Col.
William Shattuck, Dr. Philip Shattuck, Dr. Joseph Shattuck, Samuel Shattuck,
Capt. Joseph Clesson, Capt. Matthew Clesson, John Hawks, Sergt. Obadiah
Dickinson, Anthony Thompson, John Drake, John Drake, Jr., Mariner John
Thompson, Peter Woodward, Sr., Capt. Christopher Stanley, John Frary, Robert
Daniel, William Cheney, Capt. Humphrey Johnson, Hon. John Johnson, Col.
Samuel Hinsdale, Jonathan Reynolds, John Reynolds, John Hoare, Thomas
Holcomb, Thomas Sherwood, Dea. Richard Piatt, Nicholas Baker, John 1st
Cutler, James St. John, Mathias 1st St. John, Mathias 2nd St. John, Isaac Johnson
Esq., Gov. Thomas Wells, Joseph Hawley, John Greene, John Lawrence, Enoch
Lawrence, Capt. Daniel Lawrence, Isaac Lawrence, Capt. Abraham Brown
Jonathan Brown, Dea. Samuel Hyde, Job Hyde, John Hewitt, Ensign John Fuller,
Andrew Stephenson, John Whitney, John Whitney, Jr., James Patterson, Robert
Seabrook, Henry Chamberlain, William Chamberlain, Rev. Henry Smith, William
Comstock, Dea. Nathaniel Phelps, John Rogers, Thomas Moore, Thomas Thom-
son, Robert Reynolds, Capt. Edmund Goodenow, Nathaniel Dickinson, Thomas
Hewitt, Lieut. Joseph Washburn, John^ Washburn, Joseph (Edward) Birdsey,
John Birdsey, Moses Cleveland, Samuel Cleveland, Serg't. Richard Hildreth.

Other families that I have traced are : Presidents of the Mayflower, Peter
Brown, George Soule, and Richard Warren of the Mayflower, Bishop Bissell
ancestry, Rixford, Leach, Hawkins, Fanton, Wilson, Cutting, Flint, Hawley
famihes. Governor Eaton, Heaton, Copley, Gunne, Rigby, Bird, Cushman, Currie,
Dean, Douglas, Hinds, Hall, Hinchman, Davenport, Ferguson, Miller, Lisle,
Vicars, Haynes, FuUwood, StaUion, Lt. Samuel Smith.

Rev. A. A. Chapin, D.D., at the unveiling of the Deacon Samuel
Chapin Monument, "The Puritan," at Springfield, Mass., said:

"To preserve the memory of our ancestors is one of the marks of a high
state of civiUzation." "Among enhghtened people if a child is bom a record is
made of it. A man dies, the fact is set down with day and date in a public register.
In this way men may trace the history of families and individuals. Among barbar-
ians no such records are kept. Hence, too, among all enlightened people, monu-
ments are reared and the chisel of the sculptor and the palette of the painter
are put into requisition to hand down to posterity the form and features of the
departed." — Charles Eagan Chapin

Elizabeth M. Leach Rixford

East Highgate, Vermont
October, 1934


Emigration to New England in the seventeenth century is to be
attributed to the discomfort experienced by the English Puritans
in their native land, rather than to any attractiveness in this trans-
atlantic wilderness.

Moreover, emigration to the New World was not merely exile
from a land they were reluctant to leave : it was exposure to suffer-
ing by cold and hunger, to peril of death by shipwreck, by wild
beasts, and by treacherous savages.

If the settlement of New England had been the result of mere
adventure, its history, would have had so little connection with that
of the mother-country, that its relation might properly commence
with the first arrival of colonists; but actually there is such a con-
tinuity of history between the emigration and the influences which
led to it as requires the historian of a New England colony to dis-
course of England more than the mere title of his work would seem
to justify. To relate the history of New Haven, therefore, one must
go back to an earlier date than its actual settlement.

The contest between arbitrary and constitutional government,
which had never ceased in England after King John signed the
"Magna Charta," raged with unusual violence while the throne
was occupied by the Stuarts. The reign of the Tudors had been a
period of comparative rest; the Wars of the Roses having so weaken-
ed the great barons, who in earlier times made and deposed kings
at their pleasure, and the introduction of artillery having so streng-
thened the monarch against an enemy destitute of these engines
of destruction, that, from Henry the Seventh to EUzabeth, there
was but faint resistance to the will of the sovereign, by the heredi-
tary lords who sat in the upper house of Parhament.

But the time of the Stuarts was less favorable than that of the
Tudors for maintaining a theory and practice of government which
contravened the rights of the subject. Formerly the great barons
had come to Parliament followed by hundreds of archers and spear-
men, ready to back their lords in any contest which might occur;
but the barons only, and not their retainers, had presumed to put
to question the conduct of the overlord.

Whatever resistance had been offered to arbitrary government
during the reign of the Tudors, had proceeded, not chiefly, as in
earlier times, from the House of Lords, but chiefly from the House
of Commons, representing a power already great and constantly

This contest between the Stuarts and the EngUsh people, on
account of its bearing on emigration to New England and the com-
mencement of a new colony at New Haven, we shall briefly review.

The Puritan emigration from England, for which we are endeavor-
ing to account, commenced while Charles was holding his third


Parliament. Plymouth had, indeed, been settled before this time
and before Charles came to the throne; but the Pilgrims who planted
that colony had been already exiled from their native land for
twelve years before they crossed the ocean.

Such was the condition of England which induced the Puritan
emigrants to exile themselves from their native country, and en-
counter the perils of the sea and of the wilderness. Colonization
produced by such causes peopled New England with a superior
population. The colonists were, as a class, intelHgent, moral,
rehgious, heroic. "God sifted a whole nation, that he might send
choice grain over into this wilderness."

It was probably the conference between Laud and Davenport in
reference to this complaint to which the prelate referred, when, in
his report of the diocese of London for that part of the year 1633,
which elapsed before his elevation to the primacy, he said, "One
charge being, that he had forced Davenport to flee from his parish
and from the country," he said in reply: "The truth is, my lords, and
'tis well known and to some of his best friends, that I preserved him
once before, and my Lord Vere came, and gave me thanks for it."


Heraldry, the act or science of blazoning or describing in appropriate tech-
nical terms coats of arms and other heraldic and armorial insignia, was largely
employed during the feudal ages to display the exploits of chivalry, and to reward
as well as commemorate its triumphs over oppression and violence. But the
system is of very ancient origin, long antedating the Christian era.

In its modem sense, however, the heraldic art dates from the time of the
Crusades, and was reduced to its present perfect system by the French, It was
not imtil the time of the Crusades that the crest or cognizance was generally
adopted. Originally the crest was an ornament chiefly worn by kings, knights,
and warriors. At first these badges were placed on the summit of the helmet,
to render them more plainly visible, or on the arm; but in later times were trans-
ferred to the shield or armor. The crest served to distinguish the bearers in
battle, and as a mark for their followers or supporters. In the ages of the past,
the crest enjoyed the place of honor.

An erroneous idea is entertained by some that heraldic symbols denote an
aristocratic or exclusive class, and are undemocratic in their origin and per-
manency. On the contrary, these badges of distinction were the reward of
personal merit, and could be secured by the humblest as well as the highest.
They are today the testimonials and warrants of bravery, heroism, and meri-
torious deeds of oiu- ancestors.

Modern armies have inherited the idea. British regiments have always
used them. They did not come into "official" use in our own army imtU 1919,
when the War Department authorized them and prescribed in detail their general

The Quartermaster General's Office has a number of reproductions of corps
and division insignia dating back to the Civil War. In the World War, they
were not adopted officially for divisions imtil the summer of 1918 in France.
It seems that the 81st Division — the Wild Cat — arrived in France with the
fanuliar shoulder patch which was then unauthorized. Authorities in the A. E. F .
were quick to see its possibiUties as a means of identification and the value in
developing the spirit of the division, and directed all division commanders to
adopt distinctive shoulder patches.

At the present time all Regular Army regiments, many National Guard
and Reserve organizations have adopted distinctive insignia. The War Depart-
ment approves the design to prevent duplication. Each insignia perpetuates in
heraldic form the notable achievements of the outfit. The documents in the
Office of the Quartermaster General dealing with the subject of the military
coats of arms are: "War Department Circulars," Nos. 444 and 527, 1917; and
"Quartermaster Review," Volume VII, No. 6, May-June, 1928, pages 26 and 28.
These are on file in room 229, State War Building, Washington, D. C.

Among other army services which have adopted distinctive coats of arms,
for their various units is the field artillery.

We indulge the hope that an interest in heraldic science may increase, that
parents, instructors of youth, and the leaders in the progress of modern endeavor
may give it the place to which it is so eminently entitled.



Dedication iii

Introduction v

Explanatory vii

Heraldry ix

List of Abbreviations xiv

List of Charts xiv

List of Illustrations xv

Arms Ancestry ............ 1

Baker Ancestry 3

Barber Ancestry 5

Barstow Ancestry 8

Bidwell Ancestry 10

Bird Ancestry 14

Birdseye Ancestry 16

Bissell Ancestry 17

Browne (Abraham) Ancestry 21

Brown (Peter) Ancestry 25

Burt Ancestry 27

Chamberlain Ancestry 30

Chapin Ancestry 34

Cheney Ancestry ........... 40

Chilton Ancestry . . . 43

Clesson Ancestry 44

Cleveland Ancestry 46

Comstock Ancestry 50

Cooke Ancestry ........... 53

The Compact 56

Presidents and the "Mayflower" Ancestry 57

Copley Ancestry 58

Currie Ancestry 60

Cushman Ancestry 61

Cutler Ancestry 62

Cutting Ancestry 67

Daniel Ancestry , . . . . 73

Davenport Ancestry 75

Dean Ancestry 75

Dickinson Ancestry 77

Douglas Ancestry 79

Drake Ancestry 80

Eno Ancestry 83

Fanton Ancestry 91

xii Contents


Ferguson Ancestry 97

Field Ancestry 98

Flint Ancestry 105

Ford Ancestry 109

Frary (Frairy) Ancestry 110

Fuller Ancestry 112

Fulwood Ancestry 116

Gilbert Ancestry 118

Goodenow Ancestry ........... 118

Goodspeed Ancestry 119

Graves Ancestry 121

Greene Ancestry . . . • 124

Gregory Ancestry 125

Griswold Ancestry 127

Gull Ancestry 131

Gunne Ancestry 131

Hall Ancestry 132

Hawks Ancestry 133

Hawkins Ancestry 134

Hawley Ancestry 136

Haynes Ancestry 143

Heaton (Eaton) Ancestry . 145

Henchman (Hinckesman) Ancestry . 145

Hewitt Ancestry 146

Hildreth Ancestry 147

Hinds Ancestry 151

Hinsdale Ancestry . 161

Hoar Ancestry 165

Holcomb Ancestry 167

Hungerford Ancestry 169

Husted Ancestry . 175

Hyde Ancestry 176

Captain Johnson Ancestry 179

Kellogg Ancestry 182

Latham Ancestry 185

Washington-Lawrence Ancestry 187

Leach Ancestry 193

Lisle Family 206

Mead Ancestry 209

Merrill (Demerle) Ancestry 212

Miller Ancestry 213

Mitchell Ancestry 214

Mix Ancestry 216

Moore, Lord Moore 217

Nash Ancestry 220

•Palmer Ancestry 226

Contents xiii


Patterson Ancestry 228

Phelps Ancestry 231

Piatt Ancestry 240

Eeynolds Ancestry 241

Eead Ancestry 244

Eigby Ancestry 249

Eixfjord (Eixford) Ancestry 254

Eussell Ancestry 267

St. John Ancestry 268

Sanford Ancestry 271

Seabrook Ancestry 278

Shelley Ancestry 278

Shattuck Ancestry 280

Sherwood Ancestry 286

Smith Ancestry 287

George Soule (of the Mayflower) Ancestry 289

Stallion Ancestry 291

Stanley Ancestry 291

Stevenson Ancestry 293

Stone Ancestry 295

Terry Ancestry ........... 300

Thompson Ancestry 302

Tomes Ancestry 307

Turner Ancestry 311

Warren Ancestry 314

Vicars Ancestry 315

Washburn Ancestry 318

Watson Ancestry ........... 321

Wells Ancestry 322

Wheeler Ancestry 326

White Ancestry ........... 328

Whitney Ancestry 330

Wilmot Ancestry . . . . . . . . . . . 335

Wilson Ancestry 335

Winslow Ancestry 338

Index 343


bapt., baptized; b., bom; bur., buried; Capt., Captain; dau., daughter; d., died;

Jr., Junior; m., married; p., page; St., Senior; unm., unmarried; vol., volume.
Figures are members of generations.

N. S. A. & H. A. C, National Society Ancient & Honorable Artillery Company.
N. S. D. 17th C, National Society Daughters of the 17th Century.
N. S. D. A. C, National Society Daughters of the American Colonists.
N. S. D. A. R., National Society Daughters of the American Revolution.
N. S. D. F. P. A., National Society, Daughters of Founders and Patriots of


U. S. D. 1812, United States Daughters of 1812.
U. S. D. U., United States Daughters of the Union.



Chart of Eoosevelt Family 57

Currie Chart 60

Dickinson Chart 77

Eoyal Line to Drake Family 82

Frary Chart HO

Hinsdale Chart 161

A Genealogical Table of the Family of Jofceline de Court-

enay, Count of Edeffa facing 170

To Eobert, Earl of Leitrim (or Latham) 186

Jordan de Insula (or Lisle) 208

Moore Chart 219

The Sandfords of Stanstead, etc. . . 272



Mrs, (Oscar Herbert) Elizabeth M. Eixford .... frontispiece

The Family Tree facing v

Mr. and Mrs. Oscar2 Herbert Eixford and Grandchildren . " 1

William Henry Augustus Bissell, D. D " 19

The Entrance to the ' ' Old Home ' ' of Mr. and Mrs, Albert G.

Soule, of Fairfield " 19

Mrs. Edward Bentley Huling and Her Three Daughters . " 54
Eleventh General Congress of Mayflower Descendants at

Plymouth, Mass "between 56 - 57

"Old Wooden Bridge" and "Old Grist Mill" . . . facing 64

At the "Old Home" at Fairfield Station, Vermont, 1890 . " 92

Thirty-Third Degree Masonic Insignia " 135

Birthplace of the Church in Vermont " 142

East Window of Farleigh Chapel " 169

Farleigh-Hungerford Castle, East Gatehouse . . . " 170

Farleigh-Hungerford Castle, Chapel and Gatehouse . . " 171

Elizabeth Hungerford Phelps " 173

Schon-Hungerford Wedding Group " 175

Eavensworth Castle " 187

Sulgrave Manor, England " 188

The Leach House on Summer Street " 194

Mr. and Mrs. Horace Brayton Leach " 199

Horace B. Leach " 199

The Old Home " 200

Eegent Eibbons, Insignias and Supplemental Bars of Eliza-
beth Eixford "201

Century-Old Episcopal Church of Highgate, Vermont . . " 202

George Washington Bi-Centennial Elm, 1932 . . . . " 203

Leach Lot at Bradley Burying Ground, Fairfield, Vermont . " 204

David Nash Phelps "238

Mrs. Caroline Phelps Leach and Mrs. Alvira Phelps Martin,

1863 " 239

Nieces and Great-Nieces of the Author of this Genealogy . " 248

Family Picnic Party at Highgate Springs, Vermont, 1885 . " 256

Eixford Monument in East Highgate Cemetery, Vermont . " 257

Five Generations of Eixfords at East Highgate, Vermont " 258
Century-Old Covered Wooden Bridge and "Old Eixford Grist

Mill" " 258

Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Herbert Eixford . . . . " 259

Mr. and Mrs. Oscars Adelbert Eixford and Children . . " 260
One-Hundredth Anniversary of the Consecration of St. John's

Church, Highgate, Vermont " 261

Summer Homes of Eixford Family " 261

Oscar* Theodore Eixford and Mary-Elizabeth Lenora Eixford " 261

California Branch of the Eixford Family about 1885 . . " 262


























































Joanna Arms, of Yarmouth, widow aged 50 yrs., with 3 children,
Ruth, age 18. yrs., William and John, had a pass to New England
''to Remaine," May 11, 1637.

William, born 1654; died August 25, 1731; married Joanna
Hawks, 1677, who died November 22, 1729.

William Arms, the ancestor of the Arms family in the United
States, came from the Island of either Jersey or Guernsey, in the
English Channel. It is presumed that he assumed the name of
Arms, as none of this name are found on the island from which he
came. He was a knitter of stockings by trade. The first heard
of him was his marriage with Joanna, daughter of John Hawks, one
of the settlers of Hadley, Mass., in 1677. His name appears in the
town records of Hatfield, Mass., in 1677. He removed from
Hatfield to Sunderland, thence to Deerfield, Mass., about 1684.
In 1698 he was chosen farm-viewer, alid one of a committee to
build a school house and hire a schoolmaster; in 1699, a constable; in
1700, a tythingman; in 1701, a fence-viewer and school commis-
sioner. After that his name appears almost yearly in the town
records. Also in the records of Sunderland, Mass., from 1714 to
1722, where he is spoken of as "Good Mr. Arms." He served in
the Indian fight at Great Falls, and was one of those entitled
to the township granted by the General Court, 1736. His body lies in
the old burying ground at Deerfield, a little east of the center of
the grounds, adjacent to his son William and grandson William.

William Arms served as a soldier under Capt Willm Turner at
Hadley, April 6, 1676; was in the Falls fight May 19, 1676; at
Hatfield 1677, where he speculated largely in real estate; he also
owned real estate in Hartford; he came to Deerfield about 1698,
and settled at the south end of the Street on "Arms Corner," now
in the possession of his descendants, Geo. A. and Richard C. Arms,
for which he exchanged with Thos. Hunt a house and land in
Hartford; he removed to Sunderland, 1713; came back three or
four years later and died Aug. 25, 1731, aged 77. He married
November 21, 1677, Joanna, daughter of John Hawks of Hadley;
she died November 22, 1729, age 76.

History of Deerfield, Mass., by Sheldon, Vol. I, John Hawks, 1707, in list
of commissioned officers.

William Arms and Joanna Hawks had eight children, the eighth

Online LibraryElizabeth M. Leach (Elizabeth May Leach) RixfordThree hundred colonial ancestors and war service, their part in making American history from 495 to 1934 → online text (page 1 of 47)