Ellen R. (Ellen Rebecca) Rugg.

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BEIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSIT:^

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THE DESCENDANTS
OF JOHN RUGG.



■,s^



31 MAR1S24



THE DESCENDANTS
OF JOHN RUGG



BY



ELLEN R. RUGG

OF LEOMINSTER, MASSACHUSETTS



^B CNEALOOICAU GOCILTY
Of-tffAH



FREDERICK H. HITCHCOCK

GENEALOGICAL PUBLISHER
105 WEST FORTIETH STREET, NEW YORK



3 - the library
beiguam yol;ng university



CONTENTS.

Page
Relationship Explained 1

Legend of Peter Rugg, Ye Bostonian 2

The Ruggs of England 3

John Rugg of Lancaster, Mass., The Emigrant Ancestor. . 9

The Descendants 15

Indices 529



PREFACE.

This work was first undertaken to secui^e the records of our
own branch of the Rugg family. As thtf search went on, I
found so much belonging to other lines that I yielded to the
urgent request of friends to continue the work and trace out all
of the descendants of John Rugg, who settled in Lancaster,
Mass., in 1654. Now I have gathered what I can find and if
those who receive it enjoy it as much as I have in its prepara-
tion, it will give me added pleasure.

I have used every available means to complete the records.
Church records, town histories and records, grave stones, old
family Bibles, family genealogies and the memory of aged peo-
ple have each and all contributed to the work. There are prob-
ably mistakes in names ^nd dates, for I have often received
from two members of the same family, records in which the
names and dates are given differently. I have found it im-
possible to get the record of all in this country who bear the
name of Rugg. Some persons have so limited a knowledge of
their ancestors and the records which they send are so meager,
that I cannot trace them. I have found one family descended
from a Rugg who came from England about one hundred years
ago, but I believe that most of the Ruggs now living in America
are descendants of John Rugg of Lancaster.

The arrangement of the book is so simple that but little ex-
planation is needed. Each person has been numbered. In
case a person marries, the husband or wife takes the same num-
ber. I have carried out the male and female lines equally as
far as could be obtained, and in all cases, I have given all I
could find. Following each Rugg name is the line of descent
from John Rugg, each with the number belonging to him. A
little study will make it plain.

I have made use of the following abbreviations : — b. for born ;
bap. for baptized ; m. for married ; unm. for unmaiTied ; d. for
died ; d. y. for died young ; res. for resided. The plus sign
-(- following a name and date of birth signifies that the record
is continued under the proper number.

To those who have so kindly aided me in various ways, I
return heartfelt thanks, and submit the results to those inter-
ested.

Mrs. Ei.len N. Rugg.
Leominster, Mass.



RELATIONSHIP EXPLAINED.

The following article, which we copy from the Boston Tran-
script, may help explain a matter which is very imperfectly
understood by people in general. We make use of the following
fictitious pedigree to illustrate:

Mr. Jones.
William Jones. Thomas Jones.

Alfred Jones. John Jones. Charles Jones. Tom Jones.

Mary Jones. Henry Jones. Richard Jones.

The original Mr. Jones is supposed to have two sons, Wil-
liam and Thomas Jones. Of these two brothers, William is
the father of Alfred and John, and Thomas is the father of
Charles and Tom. Mary is the daughter of Alfred, Henry is
the son of John, and Richard is the son of Charles. It is easy
to understand that Alfred, John, Charles, and Tom are all
grandsons of the original Mr. Jones, and that Mary, Henry,
and Richard are his great-grandchildren. Now we can under-
stand that Alfred and John are first cousins to Charles and
Tom, the father of the former pair of brothers being brother
to the father of the latter pair. But now comes the difficulty.
What is the "relationship" between Tom and Mary? Tom is
first cousin to Mary's father Alfred, what relation is Mary
herself to Tom.'' Some persons say "second cousin," but this
is a mistake. She is the "first cousin once removed," a rela-
tionship which may be defined as that of the "child of a first
cousin." This relationship existing as it does between two per-
sons in different generations, i. e. not descended by an equal
number of steps from the common ancestor is not a mutual
relationship, like "brother" or "first cousin." In other words,
if Alfred is brother to John, John is brother to Alfred; if Al-
fred is first cousin to Charles, Charles is first cousin to Alfred,
because these are in the same "generation." Therefore these
relationships, brother and first cousin are mutual. But uncle
and nephew are not mutual relationships, for if Alfred is uncle
to Henry, Henry is not uncle to Alfred, and if Richard Is



2 The Descendants of John Rugg

nephew to Tom, Tom is not nephew to Richard, and "first
cousin once removed" is a relationship like nephew. If Mary
and Henry are first cousins once removed to Charles, it does
not follow that Charles is "first cousin once removed" to them.
He is often called so, but quite as erroneously as an uncle would
be called his nephew's "nephew." The curious fact remains
that, for the converse of the relationship "first cousin once
removed," i. e. for a parent's first cousin, there is no name of
universal acceptance. It has been shown that a first cousin's
child is called a "first cousin once removed." On the same
principle, a first cousin's grandchild is called a first cousin twice
removed, and so on, the number of "removes" showing by how
many generations, the two persons who are so related differ.
On the same principle that a great-grandchild is rare, i. e. a
person lineally removed by three generations, a first cousin
three times removed, is, speaking generally, somewhat rare but
far more common doubtless than a great-grandchild, because
the former means the great-grandchild of a person's first
cousin, who may be much older than the person himself. In-
deed it is quite conceivable that a man should live to see
his first cousin five times removed: for he might easily have
a first cousin fifty or sixty years older than himself, and live
to see that cousin's descendants of the fifth generation. "Sec-
ond cousins" are persons whose nearest common ancestor is
great-grandparent to each, in other words, if two persons are
first cousins, the children of the one are second cousins to the
children of the other. The children of second cousins are, of
course, third cousins, likewise the children of two third cousins
are fourth cousins and so on.

LEGEND OF PETER RUGG YE BOSTONIAN.

In the New England Galaxy, 1824, by Jonathan Dun well,
may be found. the legend of Peter Rugg. This states that in
the year 1770, Peter Rugg and his little daughter Jenny were
on their way home from Concord, and, to quote the story, at
dark he stopped at INIenotomy, now West Cambridge, at the door
of Mr. Cutter, a friend of his, who urged him to tarry for the
night. On Rugg's declining to stop, Mr. Cutter urged him ve-



Peter Rugg, ye Bostoxiak 3

hemently. "Why, Mr. Rugg," said Cutter, "the storm is over-
whehning you! The night is exceedingly dark; your little
daughter will perish ! You are in an open chaise and the tem-
pest is increasing !" "Let the storm increase !" said Rugg with
a fearful oath, "I will see home tonight, in spite of the last
tempest, or may I never see home!" At these words, he gave
his whip to his high-spirited horse and disappeared in a mo-
ment. Because of his oath, Mr. Rugg was condemned to ride
on forever.

This legend was used by Miss Louise Imogene Guiney as a
basis for her poem of "Peter Rugg, the Bostonian" published
in Scribner's Magazine several years ago. It is an interesting
story, especially Miss Guiney's version of it, but it is not
founded upon facts. There was no Peter Rugg.

THE RUGGS OF ENGLAND.

The family of Rugg took their name from a lordship, or ham-
let in the town of Pattingham in Staffordshire and were of good
degree and eminency. The name is variously spelled, Rugg,
Rug, Rugge, and even Rygge and Rigge. The younger branch
of the family settled in Norfolk. In the 49th year of the reign
of Edward III, Nicholas Rugg, second son of John Rugg of
Rugg, seated himself there, and was father of Clement Rugge,
who was living in the 12th year of the reign of Henry IV. His
son William was father of Thomas Rugge, mentioned in the
23rd year of the reign of Henry VI.

Thomas left Robert Rugge of North Repps, his son and
heir. In the 2nd year of Edward IV, Robert became the father
of William, whose son Robert lived in the 1st year of Edward
V and was father of William, of North Repps, Gent. This
William Rugge died in 1512, will proved June 7, 1512. He
married Agnes and had five sons, Nicholas, Roger, Wil-
liam, Bishop of Norwich, John, and Robert Rugg Esq., Mayor
of Norwich, who married Elizabeth Wood of Norwich. Rob-
ert Rugg's will dated Dec. 24, 1558, and proved June 26, 1559,
names his two eldest sons, William, and Francis, his executors,
and George Themilthorp, Gent. Supervisor, the husband prob-
ably, of his daughter, also Robert his son. Archdeacon of Suf-



4 The Descendants of John Rugg

folk, and Alice his wife. The son William Rugge of Felsing-
ham, heir to his uncle the Bishop, married Thomasyne, daughter
of Sir Robert Townsend, chief justice of Chester. They had
a son Thomas Rugge Esq. William Rugge Esq., of Felsing-
ham, is said to have changed his arms, per fess, sable and argent
and unicorn saliant, counterchanged, armed maned and unguled,
or to that of gules, a chevron engrailed between three mullets
pierced argent; but Richard de Rugg, who lived in the 2nd
year of Richard III, and the Bishop of Norwich, bore, as it
appears this last coat. In Burke's Peerage, the crest belong-
ing to the first coat of arms is given as an Ibex's head sable
armed maned and tufted, or The crest of the second coat was
a talbot passant, argent, collared, ringed and eared, sable.

William Rugg or Reppes, Bishop of Norwich.

William Rugg, Bishop of Norwich, was the son of William
Rugg of North Reppes in Norfolk and appears to have been
educated in the priory of Norwich, and to have been sent as
one of the scholars of that house to pursue his studies at Cam-
bridge. He entered at Caius College, proceeded B. D. in 1509,
and commenced D. D. in 1513. When Bishop Nix visited the
monastery of Norwich on April 27, 1514, Rugg was the sacrist
tliere, and preached the Latin sermon usually delivered on such
occasions. According to the almost invariable practice, on
his becoming a monk professed at Norwich, he dropped his
surname, and was distinguished by the name of his birthplace
Reppes, by which he was commonly, but by no means always,
known.

In 1520 he was prior of the cell of Yarmouth, six years later,
sub-prior of Norwich, and April 26, 1530, he was installed
abbot of St. Rennet's, Hulme, a mitred abbey, which gave him
a seat in the House of Lords. Rugg took a prominent part in
obtaining the judgment of the university of Cambridge in favor
oi" the divource of the King, from Queen Catherine; and on
June 7, 1534, he with twenty-five of the monks of St. Rennet,
signed the attestation that the Bishop of Rome had no author-
ity in England.



William Rugg, Bishop of Norwich 5

At the death of Bishop Nix on 14 January, 1536, an act of
parliament was passed whereby the ancient barony and rev-
enues of the see was transferred to the King, and the estates of
the abbey of Huhne and of the priory of Hickling were handed
over as a new endowment for the bishopric of Norwich. Rugg
was consecrated bishop probably on June 11, 1536.

That same summer his name appears among the signatures
to the Reasons to justify princes in summoning a General
Council, and not the Pope of Rome by his sole authority.

He was concerned in the compilation of the Bishop's Book,
and in 1539 he took part in the debate on the Six Articles. On
the question of whether there w^re two or seven sacraments, he
sided with the King against Cranmer. In 1540, he was one
of the three commissioners for dealing with charges of heresy
and for his conduct in this capacity, he was accused of cruelty.
The latter years of his life were much troubled by his financial
embarrassments ; he was heavily in debt, and was compelled at
last to resign his bishopric about Christmas 1549, receiving an
annuity of 200 pounds, to be paid quarterly, and a discharge
from all liability for waste in his diocese. He died Sept. 21,
1551, and was buried in Norwich Cathedral. The inscription
on the brass on his stone was this :

"Hie iacet Willus Rugg, Sacrae Theologiae Professor, quon-
dam huius Ecclesiae Norwicensis Episcopus, qui obiit vicesimo
primo die Sept. M°CCCCC°i°."

EPITAPHS OF ROBERT RUGG AND FRANCIS RUGG.

Robert Rugg.

There is a stone in the south aisle of St. Mary's Chapel,
having the portraitures of a man and a woman ; from his mouth,
"Pater de Cells deus miserere nobis," from her's, "Filii Redemp-
tor Mundi deus miserere nobis." At each corner is a coat, viz. :
a chevron engrailed betweeri three mullets, and the mercers
arms.

From the four sons' mouths, "Deus propicius esto animabui
parentum nostrorum." The daughters are pulled off; a label
as that before remains.



6 The Descendants of John Rugg

"Of your Charytie pray for the Soules of Robarte Rugge
Esquire, some time Alderman, and twyse Mayer of this wor-
shipfull Citie of Norwich, and Elizabeth his Wyffe, which had
Issue betwyxt them five Sonnes and three Daughters, and the
said Robarte Rugge departed this transitory life XVIII Daye
of Februarie in the yeare of our Lord God 1558, of whose
Soules say you.

Jesus have mercye. Amen."

Francis Rugg.

In the north aisle of St. Mary's chapel is a monument thus
inscribed : —

"Hie prope Patricio Ruggorum sangwine cretus
Franciscus recubat, qui septaginta duosque,
Per-vivens annos, isti ter praefuit Urbis,
Anna que ab Aldricjs quae progeneratus avitis,
Hujus Francisci nuper fidissima conjux,
Condidit humc Tumulum recubantis honore Mariti.
Obijt Ille die XVIII° Mensis Octobris A° Dni 1607.
Obijt Ilia die XXIII° Mensis May 1611."

A Senator of Senators renouned Race,

Was Francis Rugg, now entombed in this Place

He was thrice Mayor in 72 years' Life.

Ann, being by birth an Aldrich, late his Wife

In love hath reared this Memorial

To celebrate his worthy Name withal.

From Bloomfield's "History of Norfolk."

Robert Rugge.

Robert Rygge, Rigge, or Rugge (d. 1410), chancellor of the
university of Oxford, was a native of Devonshire. He was
elected fellow of Exeter College in 1362 and held that position
until the autumn of 1372. Afterwards he was a fellow of Mer-
ton College and was bursar in 1374-5.



Epitaphs 7

He was a secular priest and had graduated as B. D. before
Sept. 22, 1378, and as D. D. before the date of the condemna-
tion of Wiclif by William of Berton, probably in 1378-80.

As a member of Merton College, he would naturally be in-
clined to favor of the Wiclifites ; and his accession as chancellor
of the university, on May 30, 1381, probably marked the tem-
porary ascendancy of the reformer's party. Rugge had trouble
with the archbishop because he favored Wiclif 's followers. In
1384, he obtained the exemption of the colleges from the pay-
ment of tenths. In 1386 he was one of the commissioners for
settling the dispute at Oriel college, about the election of a pro-
vost. In the same year he expelled Robert Lytham of Merton
college from the university for disturbing the peace of the town.
He had been ordered in 1385 to prohibit the quarrels of north
and south, and in 1388 was deposed from his office as chancel-
lor by authority of parliament for having failed to preserve
the peace.

He was again chancellor in 1391 but held the office only one
year. On Feb. 16, 1395, he was appointed canon of Exeter,
and archdeacon of Barnstaple. He was one of the doctors
appointed in 1398 to consider the letter of the university of
Paris on the schism.

In 1400, he resigned his archdeaconry and on Jan. 30 was
appointed chancellor of Exeter Cathedral.

He died early in the spring of 1410.

Previously to 1393, he had endowed a chest for loans to poor
scholars at Exeter college, and at his death bequeathed some
books to the college. (From "The Dictionary of National
Biography.")

Thomas Rugge.

Thomas Rugge (d. 1672) diarist, was a descendant of John
Rugge who was created archdeacon of Wells in place of John
Cotterell in 1572; John Rugge was noted for his knowledge
of civil law which he studied in Germany; became vicar of
Wynford in 1573, a canon of Westminster in 1576, and died
in 1581.

Thomas was born in London, and was a citizen throughout
the civil war. In 1659, he commenced his manuscript diary



8 The Descendants or John Rugg

entitled "Mercurius Politicus Redivious, or a collection of the
most Material Occurances and Transactions in Publick Affairs.
Since Anno Dom. 1659 until [28 March 1672] serving as an
annuall diurnal for future Satisfaction and Information. To-
gether with a Table; &c." The table is imperfect, but the
headlines of each page serve as some indication of the contents,
compressed in two large quarto volumes. The diary seems to
have been compiled from news-sheets. It is fullest in the ac-
counts it gives of doings in London, and a good half is occu-
pied with the events of 1661-2. It ceases abruptly in 1672,
when it is supposed that Rugge died. The diary has never
been printed, and its independent interest is not great. But
it corroborates Pepys in many particulars, and was used by
Lingard during the compilation of the last volume of his His-
tory. It belonged in 1693 to Thomas Grey, second earl of
Stamford, and was purchased by the British Museum at Heber's
sale in Feb. 1836. (From "The Dictionary of National Biog-
raphy.")



JOHN RUGG OF LANCASTER, MASS.,
THE EMIGRANT ANCESTOR.

Concerning the ancestry of John Rugg, the most persistent
efforts have failed to discover his parentage or place of birth.
From the fact that he married two daughters of John Pres-
cott who was from England, and that he was always associated
with people who were of that nationality, it seems probable
that he also came from England. No date of his arrival in
this country has yet been found, although the shipping lists
and everything bearing on the subject have been diligently
searched. He was in Watertown, Mass., for a time before going
to Lancaster, Mass., where he married and settled in 1654.

In the Charlestown Land Records, we find the following,
which we copy verbatim:

"A sale of a Hous & Garden Plott with other Lands by John
Drinker inhabitant in Charlestown unto John Rugg inhabitant
in Lancaster both towns in New England the tenth day of the
first month a thousand six hundred fifty five."

"Know all men by theese presents that I John Drinker Ship
Carpenter Inhabitant in Charlestown New England with the
consent of Elizabeth Drinker my wiffe Have Sould [and by
this declare it] unto John Rugg Planter inhabitant in Lan-
caster in the sayd New England a certain Hous or tenement
with a garden by it And alsoe a piece of Marsh belonging to
the Hous and lying beyond the Hous Being the just halfe of
that marsh which was given by the Town unto Philip Drinker
S: James Green the other halfe being now in William Bicknor's
hands The Hous Garden and Marsh are standing lying &
Situate at the East end of the Stinted common Butting easte
upon a little creek West upon the Common North upon the
Street & South by William Bicknor Alsoe A. cowe comon Ly-
ing on the Stinted common without the neck Likewise twoo
Akers of Marsh meadows by estimation more or less Situate in
Mistick Marshes butting West upon North River Easte upon
upland and running up into the woodland as far as other lotts
doe Run up and were layd out by the Towne Apoyntment It
is bounded South by Seth Switzer and North by Richard Pal-
grave now Ralph Shepherds &c. John Green."



10 The Descendants of John Rugg

Will of John Rugg, of Lancaster, ^Iass.

Copied from the original on files of the Probate Court for
Middlesex County. [Middlesex Probates No. 13927, number
in new series, 20024].

In the name of God Amen

This nineth day of December in ye yeare of our Lord one
thousand Six hundred ninety six I John Rugg senr of ye Towne
of Lancaster in the county of Middlex New England being of
sound mind competent memory & understanding Though other-
wise weake in Body & being sencesible of the sertainty of my
Death & not knowing the neare approach thereof: I am desire-
ous to settle that portion of estate that God of his goodness
hath beene pleased to Lend me : to which end I do here make
ir.y Last Will & Testament as ffolloweth

Impr I bequeath my soul to God who gave it hopeing to
receive free & full pardon of all my sins through the mediation
of Jesus Christ my Redeemer on whome I desire to Rest & Rely
for life & salvation : & my body to ye Dust to be Decently
buryed in the burying place & for my outward and wordly
estate my Will is that after my Just Debts funerall charges
and nessessy expenses are fully Discharged that my eldest son
John have ten acres of second devission upland which is not
yet Laid out which ten acres together with what I have formerly
givin him I Will to be his portion in full out of my Lands and
estate. Item to Thomas my second son I give fourty acres
of second devission upland laid out at Long hill & ten pound
Right & estate on the towne booke: to Joseph my third son I
give ten acres of second devission upland not yet Laid out
together with what he hath already Received & also a Little
piece of meadow at Wataquadock Lying next to thomas wil-
ders medow & on the north side of the brook: unto Hannah
my beloved wife I give the improvement of one third parte of
my houseing orchard & other Lands & medows not already
given dureing the time of her widowhood, to my two youngest
sons namely Daniell & Jonathan I give that part of my enter-
vail Lot which is in my own hands and possesion, to Daniell
I give that part of it that Lyeth on ye east side of ye still
River & one halfe of the Remaineing part of ye medow at



John Rugg, the Emigrant Ancestor 11

wataquadock & to Jonathan I give the Remaining part of yt
entervaile ecept the swamp & also to Jonathan I give the other
haife of ye medow at Wataquadock and my peice of medow that
Lyeth up nashua River also to my two sd youngest sons I give
my houseing and Land adjoineing together with ye Remaining
part of my second devission upland & twenty acres of upland
granted by the towne & also ye Remaining part of my Towne
Right, my wife to have the improvement of her third or Dower
ia said Lands as abovesaid & then to Return to said Daniell &
Jonathan & farther my will is that my wife & my two youngest
Sons do Live & manage the place together till they com of age
& if afterwards one of them shall se meet to Live on som of the
out Lands then the other shall allow what is Rationall towards
building on or subduing sd Land that so theire portion may
still be equall: my will is that my two daughters vis. Mercy &
Hannah have each of them a cow, & for the Rest of my catell
.&- other creatures & other personall estate [after Debts & nes-
esary charges as above said are defrayed] to be equally devided
between my wife and two youngest sons also I make & con-
stitute my wife & my son Joseph executors to this my will &
that this is my Last Will & Testament I Declare by my hand
8c scale the day & yeare above writen:
Signed & Declared in prsence of John Rugg

Nathanaell Wylder his O mark

Ephraim Roper his O mark

John Houghton Senr. [Seal]

entries on the back of the above will.

Charlestown ss March 12, 1696/7:

By ye Honble James Russell Esqr. Nathan'll Wilder one of
ye wittnesses subscribed psonally appearing made oath that he
was psonally prsent and saw ye subscriber John Rugg Sign &
Seale and heard him publish and Declare ye within written to
be his voluntary act, Last Will and Testament & yt when he
so did he was of a disposing mind and yt he saw Ephraim Roper
and John Houghton Senr. subscribe thereto theire names to-
gether with himselfe as wittnesses



Ig The Descendants of John Rugg

Likewise June 5th 1697. John Houghton Senr prsonally



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