Ellery Bicknell Crane.

Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and personal memoirs of Worcester county, Massachusetts, with a history of Worcester society of antiquity (Volume 3) online

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Online LibraryEllery Bicknell CraneHistoric homes and institutions and genealogical and personal memoirs of Worcester county, Massachusetts, with a history of Worcester society of antiquity (Volume 3) → online text (page 1 of 116)
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Librarian of the Worcester Society of Antiquity, and Editor of its Proceedings;

Author of "The Rawson Family Memorial," "Crane

Family," two vols., Etc.

Knowledge of kindred and the- genealogies of the ancient families deserve th the hi,
praise. Herein consisteth a part of the knowledge of a man's own self. It is a great spur to
virtue to look back on the work of 'oiirjines."' — Lord Baitin.

There is no heroic poem in Che world but, is ^i!' tl'ic tott'cm the life of a man." — Sir
. Walter Scott.

Vol. ril.









DRAPER FAMILY. Thomas Draper (i),
progenitor of the Draper family, of Hopedale, Mas-
sachusetts, and father of the immigrant ancestor,
lived and died in the parish of Heptonstall,
Vicarage of Halifax, Yorkshire, England. He be-
longed to an ancient and numerous family, named
originally doubtless for the occupation. Thomas
Draper, indeed, was a clothier by occupation. His
children were: Thomas, John, William, James,
mentioned below, Mary and Martha. All were born
in Heptonstall, and James alone came to New

(H) James Draper, son of Thomas Draper (i),
was born in Heptonstall, Yorkshire, England, in
1618. He came to New- England about the time
he came of age, and from 1640 to 1650 was a pioneer
and proprietor of the town of Roxbury, Massa-
chusetts, tie became a proprietor of Lancaster in
1654, but lived and died at Roxbury. He was sev-
enty-three years old when he died, July, 1694. His
grave in the old churchyard there is marked by a
stone. He was admitted a freeman in 1690. From
his exceedingly strict piety he was known in his
day as James, the Puritan, and as such he is still
known to genealogists and historians. He was the
owner of several looms and he followed his trade
as clothier in this country. He married Miriam
Stansfield, April 21, 1646, at Heptonstall. England.
She was born there November 27, 1625. the daughter
of Gideon and Grace (Eastwood) Stansfield. Miriam
(Stansfield) died at Roxburj-, December-January,
1697. Her gravestone at Roxbury states: "Here
lyes ye body of ]Mrs. }\Iarrian Draper, wife of 'Sir.
James Draper, aged about 77 years Dec. -Jan. 1697."
The stone appears to be one of the oldest in the

The children of James and Miriam Draper were:
Miriam, born in England. February 7, 1646-47, died
there; Susannah, 1650, at Roxbury. married John
Bacon, of Charlcstown ; Sarah. 1652. at Roxbury;
James, mentioned below; John. April 24, 1656, at
Dedham, Massachusetts, died .April 5, 1749; Moses,
September 26, 1663. at Dedham, died August 14,
1693, at Boston ; Daniel. May 30, 1665, at Dedham,
died there ; Patience, August 17, 1668, at Roxbury :
Jonathan. March 10, 1670. at Roxbur\-, married
Sarah Jackson ; died at Roxbury, February 28,

(HI) James Draper, fourth child of James
Draper (i), was born in Ro.xbury, Massachusetts,
1654. and died there April 30. 1698. aged forty-four
years. He married .\bigail Whitney, a descendant
of John and Elinor Whitney, for whom see sketch
elsewhere in this work. She dted in Roxbury, Octo-
ber 25. 1721, aged fifty-nine years. The gravestones
of both are to be found in the Roxbury graveyard,
now in Boston. He was a soldier in King Phi-lip's
iii — I

war in 1675-76. Their children were : Abigail, Na-
thaniel. William, Eunice, James, mentioned below,
Gideon and Ebenezer.

(IV) James Draper, son of James Draper (3),
was born about 1694 at Dedham, Massachusetts,
and died there April 24, 1768. aged seventy-seven
years. He married (first). May 2, 1716, Rachel
Aldis. He married (second), November 12,

1719, Abigail Child. They settled in Ded-
ham. He was a manufacturer and farmer.
The wife Abigail was noted for her musical
talent. This James Draper was prominent in the
military afiiairs of the colony and captain of the
Dedham Company. Four of their children, James,
Abigail, John and Joshua, settled in Spencer, Massa-
chusetts, and have many descendants there and in the
vicinity. James and Joshua, the sons, settled there on
lots thirty-three and thirty-four, bought by their
father in 1736. The wife Abigail died November 12,
1767. Their children were : James, September 22,

1720. died March 1781 ; Abigail, December 12, 1721,
married Henry White: John, June 16, 1723, died
November S, 1748; Joshua, December 25, 1724;
Josiah, April 23, 1726, died August 18, same year;
Josiah, September 12, 1727, died September, IJ^JI
Rebecca, June 30, 1729; Mary, September 84r'^3l ;
Abijah, July 13, 1734. died November 18, 1734;
Abijah, July II, 1735. died February 13, 1737;
Abijah, May 10, 1737, died May i, 1780, mentioned
below; Samuel, December 5, 1740, died November
29, 1750.

(V) Abijah Draper, son of James Draper (4),
was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, May 10, 1737,
and died May I, 1780. He married. April 8. 1762,
.Alice Eaton, daughter of John and Elizabeth Eaton.
She was born January 31, 1741, and died January
22, 1777. He lived in Dedham where he was a
farmer. He was an active patriot before and during
the revolution, and was major of the First Suffolk
Regiment with active service in the revolution. The
children of Major Abijah and Alice were: Abijah,
born June II. 1763. died December 16, 1774; Ira.
mentioned below; Rufus, November 27, 1766, died
at Norfolk, Virginia, November 18, 1788; James,
born April 14. 1769; Alice. April 13, 1771, married
Ebenezer Daggett, died in New Boston. New Hamp-
shire, aged eighty-one years; Abijah. September 22,
1778. By second wife. Desire Metcalf, married
March 25, 1778, one daughter, Lendamine, born
March ,30, 1780, died October 26, 1823.

(VI) Ira Draper, son of Abijah Draper (5),
was born December 29, 1764. He settled in Weston,
Massachusetts. "He was," said Rev. Mr. Ballou,
"a man of large natural intelligence, mechanical
ingenuity and progressive thought." He invented a
loom temole, which was introduced by his sons,
thus starting the familv in the line of cotton nia-


thinery improvement. He died January 22,
;i848, over eighty-four years of age. He mar-
;ried (first), May 31, 17S6, Lydia Richards,
-daughter of Lemuel and Rebecca Richards. She
■was born January 21, 1768, and died September 11,
.1811. He married (second) her sister, March 9,
.1812. She was born September 12, 1783, and died
JVIarch 3, 1847. The children of Ira and Lydia
.Draper were: i. James, born May 28, 1787, lived
;and died in Wayland, Massachusetts. 2. Ira, Jr.,
January 4, 1789, died June, 1845. 3. Rufus, August
30, 1790, died September 4, of same year. 4. Daugh-
ter, August 7, 1791. 5. Son, December 17, 1793.
6. Lucy C, June 17, 1797, died September 15, 1800.
.7. Rufus Foster, July 12, 1800, died October 13,
1841, married Polly Heminway. 8. Abijah, Janu-
.ary 5, 1S02, died October 4. same year. 9. Abijah,
Kovember 15, 1S03, died December 21, 1828. 10.
Daughter, December l, 1807. The children of Ira
and Abigail Draper were: 11. Ebenezer Daggett,
mentioned below. 12. Lydia, March 31, 1815, died
April 4, 1847, married John Edmunds. 13. (jeorge,
mentioned below. 14. Abigail. October 24. 1819,
• died July 22, 1847, married William W. Cook. 15.
.Lemue Richards, December i, 1823, married Lydia
M. Mansfield. 16 Lucy R., December 22, 1826.
■died July, 1827.

(VII) Ebenezer Daggett Draper, son of Ira
T)raper (6), was born at Weston, Massachusetts,
.June 13, 1813. He settled in U.xbridge. and attended
the First Church (Unitarian) of Mendon, Massa-
>chusetts. of which Rev. Adin Ballou was the pastor.
"When Mr. Ballou originated the Hopedale com-
munity, Ebenezer became a member and joined
Rev. and Mrs. Ballou on the old Jones farm
in Milford, now Hopedale. The locality had
been known from early times as the Dale.
The new owners prefixed the word Hope. The
society was called Fraternal Community No. I,
and afterward simply The Hopedale Community.
The community began practical operations imme-
diately after April i, 1842 "with a joint stock capi-
:tal of less than four thousand dollars on a worn-out
farm of two hundred and fifty-eight acres in a
-single time-shattered mansion, nearly one hundred
and twenty years old with a few rickety out-
buildings" Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Draper came there
about a year later, and they were main pillars of the
institution until its decadence. Mr. Draper succeed-
ing Mr. Ballou as the president.

The objects of the community were sumnie I up
thus by Mr. Ballou: "Its chief originator and his
associates were Independent Restorationists in
theology and moral reformers — believers in the
Fatherhood of God, the Brotherhood of man and
the religion of Jesus Qirist, as he taught and ex-
emplified it, according to the Scriptures of the New
Testament. And they became seized with a deeply
religious and rational ambition to carry their faith
logically into practice, socially as well as individually.
Their premises and conclusions were invulnerable
to just criticism. They were all teetotal temperance
people, thorough Abolitionists of the non-political
type, sincere believers in the co-equal rights of the
sexes, and devoted christian non-resistants, eschew-
ing all forms of deadly and harmful force against
human beings, even the worst. They ardently de-
sired to commence an order of society and civiliza-
tion on this basis, wherein systematic practice should
not persistently contradict and nullify gospel theory,
but concordantly exemplify it." The community
grew steadily and seemed successful for nearly four-
teen years, increasing to a membership of a hundred
with three hundred inhabitants dwelling in fifty
liouses, owning five hundred acres with "a respectable

array of homely but serviceable mills, shops and
conveniences. They had also a school house, chapel
and library, a handsome village site where good
streets had been built and the capital had grown to
$90,000." "There was not an idler or spendthrift
among us. All worked and saved. The community
gave away freely to others. It was not merely self-
sustaining, but an unselfish and beneficent one, made
up of intelligent, rational, industrious, economical,
orderly and charitable people." In 1856 when the
future seemed to promise much to the conmiunity, •
Mr. Draper, the president, in his annual address,
said : "I hope and believe that with our past ex-
perience and present advantages, we shall continue
to increase in love and wisdom, and so become more
and more a light to those around us — proving to the
world that Christian Socialism opens a more ex-
cellent way in which men may live together as social
beings, and that it gives us, as it will all who yield
to its saving power, peace and good will to one
another and to the whole human race." Yet in
less than two months the financial report convinced
Mr. Draper and his brother George, who together
owned three-fourths of the joint stock, that the
community was impracticable. George Draper had
only recently joined the community. To the great
disappointment of the founder, who never abandoned
his belief in the practicability of the idea, the busi-
ness of the community passed into private hands.
The business interests were taken over by Ebenezer
D. and George Draper, and formed the cornerstone
of the great industrial structure they and their suc-
cessors have erected in Hopedale. They paid all the
debts and bought in outstanding stock at par. At
least some of the credit for this model American
manufacturing village, this model manufacturing
plant, is due to the community of which the two
Drapers were the two most prominent laymen.

During the most important years of errly develop-
ment Ebenezer D. Draper was an important factor
in the concern. When he joined the community in
1842 he w-as worth about $5,000; in 1852 when he
•entered the partnership with his brother he was
worth $30,000. while (George had less than $5,000.
Both gained rapidly, and in 1868 when they dis-
solved partnership the senior brother was worth
$125,000, and George was worth over a hundred
thousand. Their business had expanded rapidly.
The growth of the business from this point belongs
vnder the sketch of the younger brother. Ebenezer
D. Draper became interested in the American Steam
Fire Proof Safe Company, of Boston, and in 1870
lie removed to Boston and disposed of his Hopedale
property. He lost all of his capital in his new enter-

He married (first). September 11, 1834, Anna
Thwing, daughter of Benjamin and Anna (Mowry)
Thwing. She was born December 23. 1814, and
<lied January 30. 1S70, at Hopedale. They had no
children of their own. but adopted the following:
I. Ida Anna, born July 12, 1828, died July 12,
1833. at Hopedale. 2. Mary Anna. August 15, 1852;
reidcs in Boston. 3. Charles Henry Eaton, son of
Rev. Henry Eaton., once pastor of the Pearl Street
Univcrsalist Society of Milford: his name was not
changed : he graduated at Tufts College in 1875 ;
from Tufts Divinity School in 1877; was soon set-
tled at Palmer; succeeded Dr. Chapin in New York

Ebenezer D. Draper married (second), October
t8, 1872. Mrs. Mary (Parker) Boynton. They lived
at Boston Highlands where he died.

(VII) George Draper, thirteenth child of Ira
Draper (6), was born in Weston, Massachusetts,
August 16. 1817. He resided at Weston and at


Saugus, Massachusetts, where his father went in
1822. He was educated in the pubHc schools of
Saugus, supplemented by an unusually complete
mathematical education at home. When he was
fifteen years old he entered the weaving room of
the cotton mill at North Uxhridge, where his par-
ents went to live, and for two years he was a
weaver. What he learned in earning his daily bread
in the cotton mill had more influence on his future
career than we can determine. He became an
. expert, and at the age of seventeen years he became
an overseer of weaving and dressing cloth in a
cotton-sheeting mill at Walpole, Massachusetts.
After three years he accepted a position as overseer
of the weaving in a large cotton mill at Three
Rivers, in Palmer, Massachusetts. He remained
there until 18,^9, and during his stay there made an
important improvement on the temple that his
father invented and manufactured. As a result of
hard times he was out of work for some time and
was driven at last to take a job as operative in the
Massachusetts Cotton Mill, at Lowell, at the
munificent salary of five dollars a week. In 1843
he accepted a position as designer for the extensive
cassimere mills of Edward Harris, at Woonsocket,
Rhode Island, and in 1845 became superintendent
of one of the mills of the Otis Company at Ware,
Massachusetts. He was promoted finally to the gen-
■eral superintendency of all the mills of this com-

He joined his brother, Ebenezer D. Draper, in
the Hopedale community about two years before it
was wound up as a business venture, and became one
of the two largest stockholders. The brothers
became' doubtful of the success of the in-
dustry as conducted at .Hopedale and wished
to withdraw. Their interests were so large, how-
ever, that they were obliged to take the plant of
the community, assuming the debts, and continue
the business as a partnership. As has been told
in the sketch of the senior partner, business pros-
pered and their capital increased as their enterprises
multiplied. When the older brother decided to
withdrav.' from the firm, his interests were bought
by General William F. Draper, eldest son of the
junior partner. The firm name became George
Draper & Son. In 1877 another son was admitted
to the firm which was then called George Draper
& Sons. Lieutenant Governor Eben S. Draper was
admitted to the firm in 1880. After the death of the
senior partner two sons of General Draper became
partners — William F. Draper, Jr., in 1887, and
George Otis Draper, in 1889. The entire success
of the Drapers has rested primarily on the patents
that they have secured. They have halved the cost
of production in the line in which their ma-
chinery applies. George Draper himself should
he honored less for his great business and
•executive ability than for the wonderful in-
ventions that he produced not only by his own skill
and ingenuity but those he hired other inventors
to work out for him. It would be impossible to give
an adequate idea in a brief sketch of this sort of
the plant owned and controlled by the Draper com-
panies even as they were when George Draper
left the helm to his able son and partner. The
business was divided from time to time until there
were five Draper industries under distinct manage-
ment on Mill River, occupying some twenty spacious
buildings, mostly of brick and of the most sub-
stantial and durable construction, furnished with
steam and water power, and supporting an entire

The names Draper and Hopedale have become
synonymous. The village became an incorporated

town April 7, 1886, through the efforts of George
Draper and the citizens of Hopedale. The Draper
companies were : The Hopedale Machine Company,
which made spoolers, warpers, twisting machniery,
roving frames, and the Sawyer and Rabbeth
spindles: Dutcher Temple Company, manufac-
turing loom temples, Shaw knitting machines,
Draper automatic sprinklers ; George Draper & Sons,
manufacturing spinning rings and controlling as
agent the product of the other concerns ; Hopedale
Elastic Fabric Company, manufacturing the elastic
webbing used in making suspenders, shoe gores,
etc. : Hopedale Machine Screw Company, manufac-
turing all kinds of machine screws. Mr.' Draper
was president of these companies and he had ex-
tensive outside interests. He was a large owner
in the Shaw Stocking Works at Lowell ; the Glas-
gow Thread Company of Worcester : the Glasgow
Yarn Company of Norwich, Connecticut ; the Mil-
ford & Woonsocket Railroad; the Milford & Hop-
kinton Railroad.

During the civil war, few men at the front ac-
complished more than he did at home in behalf of the
Union. He resigned from the community which had
set its face against all war or violence, and he co-
operated to the full extent of his ability and re-
sources to aid Governor Andrew in sending the
quota from Massachusetts to the Union Army. Mr.
Draper sent his only son old enough to enlist to the
front. He raised several companies. He helped
the work of recruiting. He gave up all attention to
business and devoted himself to assisting the gov-
ernment in every way that he could. While most
manufacturers were benefited from the conditions
during the war, he lost ground through his intense
loyalty' to the government. He was sincerely anti-
slavery. He was a personal friend of Governor An-
drew, Lloyd Garrison and other leaders of the public
sentiments. In politics Mr. Draper was originally a
Whig. He affiliated with the Free Soilers and
followed that party into the Republican party when
it was organized He remained to the day of his
death one of the foremost men of his party in the
Commonwealth. He was a vigorous, logical, and
untiring advocate of Protection for American indus-
tries. He studied the question at home and abroad.
No college professor in the world had' given the
theory of protection such careful study and surely
no manufacturer had a better opportunity to observe
the etlects of tarifif on manufacturing. He
practically started the Home Market Club of Bos-
ton, which has a membership of about two thousand
men, representing the manufacturing interests of
New England as well as Boston. He was the first
president. He declined to accept public office. He
was generous in his gifts, both public and private.
He assisted all the movements intended to make
Hopedale a better or more prosperous town. He
.eave the 'commodious and beautiful town hall to
Hopedale. and a liberal annual gift to the soldiers'
home at Chelsea, Massachusetts.

Mr. Draper died June 7, 1887, aged nearly seventy
j-ears, at the very height of his business success
•and full of great hopes and plans for the future.
He must be known to history as the Founder of In-
dustrial Hopedale and the greater the town becomes
in the future, the greater honor will be paid to the
man who kept his shoulder to the wheel during the
davs of invention and development, growth and re-
organization, until the town and its industries seem
to command an unfaltering prosperity. His friend and
brother in Hopedale Community. Rev. Adin Ballon,
has said of George Draper: "He began the world
with an empty purse, but was richly endowed with
mechanical genius, ambitious enterprise, shrewd in-


telligence, sound business judgment, and indomi-
table persistency of purpose. With these and with
the faithful co-operation of a wife, rich in all the
qualities necessary to match and complement his
own, he has successfully risen to wealth and dis-

George Draper married, March 6, 1839, Hannah
Brown Thwing, daughter of Benjamin and Anna
(Mowry) Thwing. She was born in Uxbridge,
January I. 1817. She died in 1883, and he married
(second) in Milford, 1884, Mrs. Blunt, of Milford.
The children of George and Hannah Draper were:

1. William Franklin, born at Lowell, April 9, 1842,
mentioned below. 2. Georgiana T., June 30, 1844,
at Lowell, died July 23, 1844. 3. Helen L., July 11,
1845, at Lowell; died August 10, 1847. 4. Frances
Eudora, July 26, 1847, at Ware, Massachusetts, mar-
ried Charles H. Colburn, February 20, 1868; their
children were Helen, born 1868, died 1896, and Alice,
1875. 5. Son, born at Ware, December 15, 1850,
died same day. 6. Hannah Thwing, born at Ware,
April II, 1853; married Edward Louis Osgood, at
Boston, January 20, 1881. Their children were : Ed-
ward D., born January 2, 1882 ; Fanny C. and Han-
nah D. (twin), born December 27, 1882; George D..
April 25, 1888. 7. George Albert, born at Hopedale,
November 4, 1855 ; mentioned below. 8. Eben
Sumner, born at Hopedale, Massachusetts, June 17,
185S, mentioned below.

(VH) Lemuel Richards Draper, son of Ira
Draper (6), was born December I, 1823. He resided
in Saugus, Lynnfield, Worcester, Milford, and
North Brookfield. He was an active business man.
He superintended various establishments and job
contracts, and though less successful than some of
his brothers he acquired a competence and proved
himself to have his full share of the family ability.

He married, at Lynnfield. January I, 1845. Lydia
M. Mansfield, daughter of David and Esther
(Williams) Mansfield. She was born at Lynnfield,
December $, 1824. Their children were: I. Edward
Mansfield, born at Saugus, April 10, 1846. died
September 9, 1848. 2. Annette Louise, born at
Saugus, September 28, 1847 ; married Jonas Hale
Carter, of Berlin. November 30, 1871. 3. Oscar
Eugene, born at Milford, April 12, 1850; married,
October 12, 1869, Emma L. Hunt. 4. Eva Richards,
born at Worcester, August 31, 1854; a teacher in
the public schools. 5. Minnie Eliza, born at Hope-
dale, March i, 1857; died January 12, i860. 6.
William Lemuel, born at Hopedale, August 29,
1861. resides at North Brookfield.

(VHI) James Dexter Draper, son of Rufus
Foster Draper (7), and grandson of Ira Draper (6).
was born at Wayland, October 4, 1827. His mother
was Polly Heminway. He was a molder in the
Draper Foundry at Hopedale, and sexton of the
church for many years. He married (first), Feb-
ruary, 1850, Caroline Pamelia Pratt, daughter of
Sumner and Susan (Cox) Pratt. She was born
at Lynnfield. Massachusetts, January 26, 1833, and
died March 13, 1855. He married (second). .April

3. 1862. in South Reading, Mary E. Newell, daughter
of Benjamin F. and Elizabeth (Whitcomb) Newell.
She was born in East Boston.

The children of James Dexter and Caroline P.
Draper were: i. Emma Caroline, born March ti,
185 1 ; married Joseph H. Quakers, July 2, 1877.

2. Ida Lorene, born August 2, 1852 ; married George
H. Chamberlain, January 14, 1878. The children of
James Dexter and Mary E. Draper were: 3. William
Newell, born at South Reading, January 2. 1865.

4. Charles Eugene, born in Hopedale. March 24.
1868. 5. Hnbie Irving, born in Hopedale, April 20.
187c. 6. James Dexter, born at Hopedale, -April 30.

1S74. 7- Ernest Wilfred, born in Hopedale, Decem-
ber 26, 1879.

(VIII) Oscar Eugene Draper, son of Lemuel

Online LibraryEllery Bicknell CraneHistoric homes and institutions and genealogical and personal memoirs of Worcester county, Massachusetts, with a history of Worcester society of antiquity (Volume 3) → online text (page 1 of 116)