Ellery Bicknell Crane.

Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and personal memoirs of Worcester county, Massachusetts, with a history of Worcester society of antiquity (Volume 2) online

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seem to be related, especially George and John. The
family is ancient and numerous in England.

(II) Thomas Pollard, son of William Pollard
(1), was the immigrant ancestor of Moses F. Poll-
ard, of Westboro. He settled in Billerica, Massa-
chusetts, about 1692, and was probably born about
1670. He bought the place and the proprietor's
rights of William Hale. The farm was situate near
the fordway. He received in 1708 a grant of thirty
acres between the road to the ford and the road that
turns east of it. He married, November, 1697,
Sarah Farmer, daughter of Edward Farmer, brother
of Mary Farmer, who married William Pollard,
father of Thomas. They were cousins. Edward
Farmer went to Billerica probably in 1671 and his
house was located on the east side of Long street.
It was at one time used as a garrison house. Farmer
died May 27, 1727, aged eighty-seven years, and his
wife Mary died March 26, 1719, aged seventy-seven
years. Children of Thomas and Sarah Pollard were :
Mary, born August 20, 1693, married Joshua Wy-
nian ; Edward, November 4, 1694, married October
24, 1725, Judith Hazeltine and had five children;
Barbara, December 6, 1695, married, February 13,
'733-34. Joseph Peirce; Thomas, February 16,
1796-97, at Dunstable, was in the military service in
1772; William, August 3, 1698; John, see forward;
Sarah, February 16, 1700-01, died March 3. follow-
ing; Joseph, May 3, 1702. married Abigail Hall, re-
sided at Nottingham, New Hampshire, Westford,
and finally Xew [pswich, New Hampshire; died
1780; Oliver, July 2},, 1703. married, February 17,
! 735' Hannah Hill; Sarah, December 21, 1705; Na-
thaniel, October 18, 1706; James, October 5, 1708;
Walter, December 28. 1709. married. September 9,
! 735, Dorothy Danforth; Elizabeth, March 5,

(III) John Pollard, son of Thomas Pollard (2),
was born at Billerica, Massachusetts. September 1,
1699. Pie and his elder brother were coopers" by
trade. In 1736 his seat was the third "next be-
li w the gentlemen," indicating that he was a leading
yeoman of the town. He was one of the larger
taxpayers of Billerica. He died November II,
1772. His will was dated July 17. 1772, and was
proved December 8, 1772. He married (first), Sep-

iber 27. 172S, .Mary Stearns, daughter of Isaac
and Mary ( Mcriam ) Stearns. She dud August 18,
1738. He married (second), September 14, 1741,
Mice Stearns, daughter of Isaac, and sister of the
1 st wife. She died November 4, 1756. He married
(third), March 26, 1762, Susanna Baldwin, who sur-
vived him. Children of John and Mary Pollard
were: John, born June 24, 172Q. see forward;
Jonathan, May 13. 1731, married. March 30, 1758;
v. as a soldier in the French war; Solomon, Octo-

ber 15, 1732, married, December 11, 1755, Hannah
Danforth and had seven children; was in French
and Indian war, battle of Bunker Hill, and as late
as 1779 111 revolution; was called captain; Mary
April 1, 1734, died May 25. 1730; Asa November 15,
1735, soldier at Crown Point 1755-56 and Lake
Champlam 1758-59; was the first man killed at the
battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775; his blood and
laams were scattered over the clothes of Colonel
Prescott, who wiped off the stains as best he could
with a handful of fresh earth and ordered the body
buried at once, as the sight was enough to dishearten
his comrades.

(IV) John Pollard, son of John Pollard (3),
was born in Billerica, Massachusetts, June 24, 1739,
and died at Rutland, May 4, 1768. He removed
to Suncook, New Hampshire, about 1749, and in
1760, again to Rutland, Massachusetts, where he
lived the remainder of his life. His farm in Rut-
land was near Princeton on the southern part of the
land laid out originally to Joseph Wright. The
family has no representatives now at Rutland, and
all traces of the homestead are gone. Children of
John and Sarah Pollard were : Joel, born at Sun-
cook, May 15, 1749, see forward; John, Jr., born
at Suncook, March 10, 1753, was a blacksmith, set-
tled at Brookfield, Massachusetts; Sarah, born at
Suncook, September 23, 1756; Jonathan, born at
Suncook, March 10, 1759, was a soldier in the revo-
lution ; Achsah, born at Rutland, May 4, 1761, mar-
ried David Nichols; Persis, born April 3, 1763, at
Rutland, married Philip Nye; Mary (Polly), born
at Rutland, September 24, 1765, married Phineas
Warner and they had five children.

(V) Joel Pollard, son of John Polard (4), was
born at Suncook, New Hampshire, May 15, 1749.
He came to Rutland, Massachusetts, with his father
in 1760. His father died in 1768 and he left home
in 1770 and settled in Hubbardston. He married,
March 8, 1770, Mary Maynard, of Rutland. She
died August 18, 1789. He married (second), March
3, 1791, Hannah Goodspeed. who died July 2, 1830,
aged seventy years. He died April 26, 1825, aged
seventy-six years. The old farm at Hubbardston re-
mained in his family for one hundred and twenty
years. It was sold in 1890. Children of Joel and
Mary Pollard were : Moses, baptized July 15, 1770,
died young; Dorcas, born September 5, 1771, bap-
tized at Rutland, October 6. 1771, married Paol
Murick, November 24, 1790; he died July 23, 1814;
she died at Princeton; Molly, born January 9, 1774,
died April 28, 1789; Sally, born February 21 1776,
married John Tell, of Princeton ; Joel, see forward ;
Lois, born August 15, 1780, died February 24, 1854;
Alice, born November 17. 1782, married Seth Sum-
ner, of Dedham, May 30, 1806; died at Dedham ;
Moses, born October 16, 1784, died June 19, 1787;
Persis, born September 12, 1786, married, Decem-
ber 3, 1810, Ella Slocumb, who died June 25, 1831.
Children of Joel and Hannah Pollard were : John,
born November 29, 1791, died May 21, 1827; Tabitha,
born May 27, 1793. married Amherst Coleman; Han-
nah, born April 5, 1795. married Delphos Gates;
Isaac, born January 1. 1707. removed to Templeton
and died there; Mary, born July 7, 1801, died
August 23, 1829.

(VI) Joel Pollard. Jr.. son of Joel Pollard (5),
was born at Hubbardston. Massachusetts, May 14,
1778, and died there April 24, 1S46. He was a
prosperous farmer and lumber dealer, large land-
holder and influential citizen. He was enterprising,
energetic and active, and served for many years
in important town offices in Hubbardston. He mar-
ried Ruth Fisk, who died May 30, 1862, aged sev-
enty-two years. Their children, all born in Hub-



fcardston, were: David, born September 2, 1810,
married Harriet Davis, of Shutesbury, October 17,
1838; she died April 17, 1869, aged sixty years; he
married (second), May 22, 1873, Emily Blandin,
of Norton. Massachusetts; their children — Naomi
E., born October 16, 1839, died September 19, 1S4J ;
Charles E., born December 7, 1845 ; George W., born
DLCember 19. I1S48, died August 26, 1874; Joel
Franklin, born September 8, 1852, married Ida E.
Wright, May 1, 1877. Alice, born February 6, 1813,
married Amasa G. Davis. Moses, born September
9, 1N15. see forward. Dorcas, born February 27,
1818. died May 26, 1854. Naomi, born July 15, 1820,
died July 3, 1831. Alden, born September 29, 1822,
a farmer, married. August 2, 1853, Elizabeth Green,
who died December 2, 1855; married (second), No-
vember 10, 1864, Elizabeth Brigham ; be died No-
vember 30, 1S89, and the children were — James D.,
born September 9, 1854, resides at Derry, New
Hampshire ; married, April 18, 1877, Emma Albee ;

Mabel Alden, born December 25, 1866, married

Marean, of Hubbardston. Ruth, born January 13,
1827, married Darius M. Allen. Charles, born Au-
gust 20, 1829. died September 8, 183 1.

(VII) Moses Pollard, son of Joel Pollard (6),
was born in Hubbardston, Massachusetts, Septem-
ber 9, 1815. He was educated in the public schools
and at Westminster Academy. He remained on the
homestead assisting his father until he married,
when he removed to New Braintree and settled.
He became one of the leading citizens of that
town and rendered faithful and efficient service as
assessor and selectman. He was president of the
stock company organized by the farmers to dis-
pose of their surplus milk products by making
cheese, etc., and was an able, energetic and suc-
cessful business man.

He bought a valuable farm at Westboro, Massa-
chusetts, and moved there in 1872. He became one
of the best known farmers of that town also, and
served likewise on the board of assessors there.
For a number of years he was vice-presiderjt of
the Westboro Savings Bank, a very prosperous in-
stitution of its kind. He was for many years an
active member and officer of the Westboro Grange,
Patrons of Husbandry. He was a Congregationalist
and while in New Braintree was deacon of the
church and declined a similar honor in the West-
boro church, though he served as assessor of the
church and was a liberal supporter of the society.
In politics he was a Republican. He died Au-
gust 15. 1891.

He married, April 5, 1843, Ann O. Pierce, of
New Braintree, who died September 3, 1875; he
married (second) Phebe S. (Hartwell) Brown, July
5. 1876; she was born in Worcester. Children
of Moses and Ann O. Pollard were: Herbert Lee,
born at New Braintree, September 24, 1844, mar-
Tied, March 24, 1870, Sarah A. Johnson, settled
on the Pollard homestead at New Braintree and
their children are — Julia Ann, born December 25,
1870. died June 29. 1881 : Harry Dodge, born July
23. 1873 ; Henry Johnson, born June 10, 1875 ; Sarah
Grace, born October 28, 1878, died October 5, 1879;
Frederick, born February 10. 1880; Mary Frances,
born September 13. 1882 : Nellie Viola, born De-
cember 7. 1884; Clara Belle, born June 25, 1886,
died September 5, 1886. David N., born at New
Braintree, November 24. 1846. settled at Westboro;
later a merchant at Ashland, New Hampshire, de-
ceased; married, November 19, 1871, Juliette
Webster and had children — Martha Lilian, born No-
vember 22, 1872; Ella May. born September 21,
1874. Charles F., born at New Braintree, Decem-

ber ig, 1848, orange grower at DeLand and Winni-
missitt, Florida. Moses F., see forward

(VIII) Moses F. Pollard, son of Moses Pollard
(7K was born in New Braintree. Massachusetts,
June 18, 1S55. He was educated in the public
schools of his native town, taking a course also
in the high school. After the completion of his
studies In- was for a time clerk in a *tnre, but
shortly afterward engaged in farming in Westboro,
where he has always lived since coming there with
his father in 1872. He succeeded to the homestead
after his father's death. He has developed an ex-
tensive dairy farm and is known in agricultural cir-
cles as one of the most successful farmers and milk
dealers 111 h i -, section. Mr. Pollard is a Repub-
lican in politics. In bis religious belief he is a
Baptist and has been clerk of the Westboro Bap-
tist church.

He married, April 6, 18S2, Matilda Winchester,
daughter of Samuel and Mary Winchester, of Prince
Edward Island. Their children, all born in West-
boro, were: Annie, born October 3, 1883, died May
14. 1SS4: Etta J., born June 21, 1SS5: Arthur Win-
chester, born June 14. 1886, died July 21, 1887;
Ralph, born November 11. 1887, died March 12,
18S8; Alice M., born October 14, 1S89; Alfred L.,
born May 17, 1893; Ruth F., born March 16, 1896;
Frank M., born June 6, 1899 ; Esther, born August
12, 1900.

Stephen Aldrich Randall, of Bolton, was a repre-
sentative of an old New Hampshire family, and
his father, Joseph Randall, who was a native of
Richmond, New Hampshire, removed to Bolton after
his marriage to Mrs. Mary (Aldrich) Wheeler, a
widow, who was born in Smithfield, Rhode Island,
daughter of Stephen and Mercy Aldrich. Joseph
Randall was a member of the Society of Friends.

Stephen Aldrich Randall was born in Bolton,
January 7, 1843. He was educated in the public
schools, and acquired from his father a good knowl-
edge of agriculture. Unlike many young men of
his generation he took kindly to the independent
life of a farmer, and adopting that honorable occu-
pation eventually succeeded to the possession of
the homestead. The name of Rocky Dundee, by
which the Randall farm has long been known, is
in no way significant of sterility, as its soil is ex-
ceedingly fertile and easily cultivated. In addi-
tion to general farming Mr. Randall gave special
attention to dairy products, and milk from Rocky
Dundee farm has long maintained a high reputa-
tion. He was quite active in local civic affairs,
having served with ability as a selectman, assessor,
overseer of the poor and in other town offices.
At one time he was prominently connected with
the Patrons of Husbandry in this locality, and did
much toward establishing the local grange upon a
firm basis of operation and extending its usefulness.
He was a birthright Quaker.

Mr. Randall married. January 7, 1S75, Martha
T. Whitcomb. of Littleton, Massachusetts, who sur-
vives him. She is a daughter of Vandolo Emroy
and Mary (Parker) Whitcomb, and sister of George
Lyman Whitcomb, who enlisted in Company E,
Thirty-third Massachusetts Regiment, in July, 1862,
and was mortally wounded October 29. 1863, at
the battle of Lookout Mountain. Four children were
born to Mr. and Mrs. Randall, the first born of
whom died in infancy, and the second, Ruth Whit-
comb. whose birth took place November 6, 1879,
died Mo- 31, iSqt. Those now (1906) living are:
Reuben Emroy, born September 22, 1883, now en-



gaged in carrying on the homestead farm, in which
he is ably assisted by his mother, who is a lady of
unusual ability and sound judgment. Rufus Her-
bert, born Juiy 8, i^' N y, now attending the Bolton
high school.

MILTON P. HIGGINS. The name of Higgins,
known in New England from the earliest colonial
days, was well established in the first generation
on American soil. It was a sturdy stock, and in-
termarried with families of similar qualities and
worth. The early generations were inured to hard-
ships, in their struggles with nature; were per-
severingly industrious ; self-trained to the use of
tools. They developed splendid physique, were of
a deeply religious nature, and their excellent traits
have been transmitted to their descendants to the
present day.

(I) Richard Higgins, the immigrant ancestor
of Milton P. Higgins, was in Plymouth, Massachu-
setts, in 1633, where his name appears among the
taxpayers. He was a tailor by trade ; admitted a
freeman in 1634; in 1644 was one of the first seven
settlers in Eastham; was selectman for three years,
and deputy to the general court in 1649, 1661 and
1667. He married at Plymouth, November 23, 1634,
Lydia, daughter of Edward Chandler, of Scituate,
Massachusetts, and (second) October 15, 165 1,
Mary, widow of John Yates, of Duxbury. He had
nine children: Jonathan, born July, 1637; Benja-
min, see forward ; Mary, September 27, 1652 ; Elia-
kim, October 20, 1654; William, December 15, 1655;
Jedediah, March 5, 1657; Zerviah, June, 1658;
Thomas, January, 1061 ; Lydia, July, 1664.

(II) Benjamin, second child of Richard and
Lydia (Chandler) Higgins, was born July 6, 1640,
at Plymouth, and died March 14, 1691. He settled
in Eastham, and in 1675 applied to court for land
in right of his father. He married, December 24,
1661, Lydia, daughter of Edward Bangs, who came
from England in the "Ann," 1623. They had nine
children : Ichabod, born November 14, 1662 ; Rich-
ard, October 15, 1664; John, November 20, 1666;
Joshua, October 1, 1668; Lydia May, 1670; Isaac,
August 31, 1672; Benjamin, June 14, 1674, died
young; Samuel, March 7, 1676-7, died young; Ben-
jamin, see forward.

(III) Benjamin, youngest child of Benjamin
and Lydia (Bangs) Higgins, was born at East-
ham, Massachusetts, September 15, 1681. He mar-
ried, May 22, 1701, Sarah, daughter of Lieutenant
Edmund and Sarah (Mayo) Freeman. She was a
descendant of Thomas Prince, who came in the
"Fortune," 1621, became governor of the Plymouth
Colony, and married Patience, daughter of Elder
William Brewster. Benjamin and Sarah Higgins
had fourteen children: Priscilla, born November 17,
1702; Thomas, June 24, 1704; Sarah, July 13, 1706;
Paul, June 25, 1708; Reliance, May 13, 1710; Eliza-
beth, April I, 1712; Experience, January 31, 1714;
Benjamin, March 1, 1716; Thankful, October 28,
1717; Zaccheus, August 15, 1719; Solomon, Septem-
ber 8, 172;; Lois, August 6, 1723; Isaac, July 12,
1725 ; Freeman, see forward.

(IV) Freeman, youngest child of Benjamin and
Sarah (Freeman) Higgins, was born at Eastham,
July 28, 1727. He married, November 13, 1747,
Martha, daughter of Timothy and Martha Cole.
Sin- was descended from Daniel Cole, who was in
Plymouth about 1633 ; he was constable, selectman
and town clerk. Freeman Higgins married (sec-
ond) Thankful (Hopkins) Paine, July T4, 1757.
His children by his first marriage were : Timothy,
see forward; Apphia, October 1, 1752. By his sec-
ond marriage they were: Twins born April 9, 1758;

one name Martha died young and the other named 1 .
Thankful, married, November 12, 1781, Thomas
Stoddard Boardman ; Priscilla, born March I, 1762;
Elisha, November 9, 1766; Zedekiah, April 11, 1760;
Mary, August 9, 1764.

(V) Timothy, eldest child of Freeman and
Martha (Cole) Higgins, was born at Eastham,.
March 28, 1749, and died January 27, 1829. at
Standish, Maine, where he was an early settler,
and built the first grist mill in the town. He mar-
ried, March 9, 1771, Reliance, born in Harwich.
Massachusetts, 1751, died at Standish, December
14, 1825, daughter of John and Thankful (King)
Yates. Timothy and Reliance Higgins had six
children: Prince, see forward; Ephraim, born 1775,
married Rebecca Higgins; Experience (or Pena),
born 1777, married Seth Higgins, who was lost at
sea ; Thankful, born 1779, died July 22, 1823 ; Free-
man, born 1787, died November 17, 1809; Timothy,
born 1791, died May 21, 1863..

(VI) Prince, eldest child of Timothy and Re-
liance (Yates) Higgins, was born on Cape Cod,.'
Massachusetts, September 25, 1772, and was a child,
when his parents removed to Standish. Maine. He
was a man of great physical strength, worked a
farm and conducted a cider mill and cooper shop.
He was a good mechanic, and the frame house which.
he built at Oak Hill is yet standing. He served
in the militia, and was looked upon as a leading
citizen. He married, September 25, 1799, Selina,
born June 14, 1773, died January 22, 1847, daughter
of Seth and Martha (Linnell) Higgins. She was
a descendant of Jonathan, son of Richard Higgins,
the immigrant, by his marriage with Elizabeth
Rogers, whose father and grandfather came in the
"Mayflower." Prince and Selina Higgins had seven
children : Mary, born August 12, 1800, married
Jonathan P. Shaw, and resided in Standish, Maine ;
Lewis, see forward ; Esther, born September 18,.
1806, married Colonel John Shaw, of Standish,
Maine; Lucinda, born September 15, 1808, died 1849;
Patty, born January 31, 1805, died young; Freeman,
born June 11, 1812, died unmarried; Chesley, born
July 4. 1816, lived in Gorham and Standish, Maine,
married Abigail Morean, and two other wives.

(VII) Lewis, second child of Prince and Se-
lina Higgins, was born January 18, 1803, and died
in Standish, Maine, March 11, 1888. He inherited
the mechanical tastes and skill of his father, and
after his death continued the various occupations
of the parent. He sold the farm at Oak Hill,
Standish, Maine, and settled at White Rock, in the
town of Gorham. He married, March 25, 1828,
Susan, born January 23, 1804, eldest child of Ed-
mund and Martha (Meserve) Whitney, She was
descended from John Whitney, of Watertown,
Massachusetts, born 1592, in England, died June
I, 1673. The Whitney family traces its lineage to
Turstin, the Fleming, who was a follower of Wil-
liam the Conqueror into England, from whom he
received large estates in Herefordshire and Wales.
Turstin married Agnes, daughter of Aimed de Mer-
leberge, a Norman baron, and from him descended
an illustrious line of English nobility. In the ma-
ternal line Susan Whitney, wife of Lewis Hig-
gins, who descended from Captain Clement Me-
serve, of French origin, who came from the Isle
of Jersey and settled at Portsmouth in 1673.
Lewis and Susan Higgins were the parents of
eleven children : Ivory Fessenden, born August 15,
1828; Freeman, born January 11, 1830, a prominent
business man of Manchester, New Hampshire, mar-
ried Mary Dennett; Orlando Melvin, born August
22, 1831, married Amanda Abbott, of Andover,
Massachusetts, died May 31, 1894; Elijah Lewis,



born June 23, 1833, married Clara Bickford, died
November 17, 1862; Martha Ellen, born June 7,
1835, died November 13, 1904; Merrill Whitney,
torn July II, 1837, married Myra Parker, of Gor-
ham, Maine, died February 16, 1898; Aravesta, bum
April 10, 1840, married Dr. James G. Sturgis, Gor-
ham, Maine; Aramantha, twin of Aravesta, died
November 4, 1901, unmarried ; Milton P., see for-
ward ; Edmund F., born March 13, 1847, married
Martha Safford, of Dunbarton, New Hampshire, and
has three children; Hadley Foster, born July 28,
1849, married Myrta Jones.

(VIII) Milton Prince Higgins, ninth child, son of
Lewis and Susan (Whitney) Higgins, was born
December 7, 1842, in Standish, Maine. He in-
herited the mechanical aptitude and strength of
character which distinguished his father and grand-
sire, and for more than a third of a century has
been a leading figure in the industrial and educa-
tional life of the city of Worcester. He began his
•education in the district schools of his native place,
fitted for college at Gorham (Maine) Academy, and
was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1868.
His student life was not continuous, however, for
previous to entering college he worked for some
years, and was for three years in the employ of the
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, in Manchester,
New Hampshire. In 1868, the year of his leaving
college, he located in Worcester, Massachusetts,
and from August until the following January served
as draughtsman and engineer for the Washburn &
Moen Manufacturing Company. He was then ap-
pointed superintendent of the Washburn Shops of
the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, which was
founded by Ichabod Washburn, who contributed
largely to their efficiency. In these shops Mr. Hig-
gins had ample opportunity to give practical ma-
chine work to the Institute students. In many ways
the methods which he pursued marked the early
and continued development of industrial education
in technical schools, and, indeed, it may be said that
his efforts brought him into appreciative recogni-
tion as a pioneer in these lines. Among the most
important of his innovations was the designing and
manufacture of the hydraulic (or plunger) elevator,
and he was successful in such high degree that
the products -of the shops made them more than
self-supporting. As superintendent of the Wash-
burn shops and member of the Institute faculty,
Mr. Higgins favored a continuance of the busi-
ness of elevator manufacturing. The trustees, how-
ever, determined to sell, and he became the pur-
chaser, and established the works of the Plunger
Elevator Company. This corporation was formed
in 1896, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars.
It rapidly extended its operations, and is now one
of the most substantial and prosperous industries
in the city of Worcester. Mr. Higgins has been
president of the corporation from the time of or-
ganization, and with him are associated George I.
Alden, treasurer, who was a fellow-member of the
Institute faculty; John W. Higgins (son of Mr.
Higgins) was former secretary; F. E. Holman, as-
sistant treasurer ; and W. F. Cole, general manager.
The expansion of business has made necessary re-
peated enlargements of the plant, and the elevators
•of the Plunger Company are noted throughout the
■country for efficiency and safety, and have been in-
stalled in many of the largest and most modern
buildings in the country.

Mr. Higgins also founded the Norton Emery
Wheel Company, a corporation which has had a
phenomenal growth, and is known as the largest
manufacturer in its line in the world. The business
grew out of a department of F. B. Norton's pottery

business in Worcester. In 1880 the emery wheels of
Mr. Norton were in growing demand, and in 1S85
the Norton Emery Wheel Company was organized.
In 1893 the business of the Grant Corundum Wheel
Manufacturing Company of Chester, Massachusetts,
was purchased and merged into that of the Norton
Company. In addition to the large manufacturing
plant at Barbers, the company operates a factory at
Niagara Falls for the manufacture of emery and

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