Ellery Bicknell Crane.

Historic homes and institutions and genealogical and personal memoirs of Worcester county, Massachusetts, with a history of Worcester society of antiquity (Volume 2) online

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for Lincoln county, a trustee of Bowdoin College,
member of both branches of the general court, and
representative in the seventieth congress of the
United States.

(IV) Jeremiah Hill, son of Ebenezer Hill, of
Biddeford, Maine, was born about 1725. He was
chosen selectman in 1757 and later made town treas-
urer, an office he filled for many years. He was ap-
pointed justice of the peace by Governor Bernard,
December 20, 1761, and held this commission during
life, renewed by various governors until the revolu-
tion and then by the council. He also represented
the town of Biddeford in the general court, and was
a member of the provincial congress during the
revolution.

(Ill) Ebenezer Hill, father of Jeremiah Hill, was
the son of Roger Hill. He lived at Biddeford,
Maine. He was born February 14, 1679. He and
his wife were taken captive by the Indians and
taken to Canada where they remained in captivity
for three years. They were redeemed and taken
to Portsmouth and thence to Biddeford.

(II) Roger Hill, father of Ebenezer Hill, son of
Peter Hill, came to America with his father from
their home in the west of England and settled in
Saco (now Beddeford), Maine. Roger Hill was
selectman from 1718 for many years and was town
treasurer in 1734. He was prudential man in 1660
and held office several years.

(I) Peter Hill was the immigrant ancestor, who
settled in Saco (now Biddeford), with his family in
1653.

Mrs. John Cutting Berry was educated in the
schools of Bath. Maine, and in Abbott Academy,
Andover, Massachusetts. She joined the Winter
Street Congregational Church at Bath, at the age
of fifteen years, and during all her life since then,
both in Japan and in Worcester, has been active in
Christian and humanitarian work. She is a member
of Plymouth Church, Worcester, Massachusetts, a
member of the Board of Managers of the Temporary
Home and Day Nursery, and a member of the
Worcester Woman's Club.

GILCHREST FAMILY. The family of Gil-
christ is Scotch. The word means son or servant
of Christ. The family is given by Hanna as be-
longing to the border clan of East March. From
a very ancient date the name has been found in
Berwichshire and Roxburhshire, Scotland. Donald
Gilchrist, of Rothesay, was a member of the Scotch
parliament in 1649 and still earlier in 1587 John
Gilchrist, of Renfrew, was in parliament. Patrick
Gilchrist was one of those banished early in the
seventeenth century fnr his religious beliefs, and
with many others was drowned, a prisoner, in a
shipwreck off Orkney. Shortly afterward when the
Scotch emigration to Ulster Province in the north



of Ireland took place some of the family located
there, but the name has never been very common in
Ireland.

During the Scotch-Irish emigration to America
at least five of the name came to this country. A
branch of the family is located in Albama, another
in Pennsylvania, where many Scotch people went.
Besides William Gilchrist, of Lunenburg, mentioned
further below, there were two other settlers in
New England. Robert and William Gilchrist set-
tled in Chester, New Hampshire, and have many
descendants m that state. They were brothers and
their families are given in the Chester history. They
were about the same age of William of Lunenburg,
and there is reason to think they were his cousins.
William Gilchrist, of Chester, married Elizabeth
Miller, widow of Robert Miller, and sister of
Thomas Glen. William died August 5, 1795, with-
in a year of the death of his namesake at Lunen-
burg, leaving three daughters : Molly, married Jo-
seph Linn and died 1822 ; Sarah, married Joseph
Carr and Robert Graham ; Elizabeth, born 1748,
died August 15, 1834; married Mark Carr and Abner
Silver. Robert and William, of Chester, came from
Ayrshire, Scotland, removing to Londonderry, Ire-
land, thence to Andover. Massachusetts, finally to
Chester. The Lunenburg family came from the
same region, also staying in Ireland for a time. The
name is spelled Gilchrest, Gilcriss, Gilcross, etc., the
Lunenburg branch having followed the first named
way.

(I) William Gilchrist, of Lunenburg, was born in
171 1, in Glasgow, Scotland, and when a boy re-
moved to Londonderry, Ireland, and lived in the
family of Robert Smith, with whom he came in 1736
to America. William Gilchrist settled in Lunen-
burg, Massachusetts, and is the progenitor of the
Lunenburg family. He married. June 21. 1743,
Elizabeth White, born in Londonderry, Ireland,
came over with her parents when she was only four
years old. (See history of Dublin, Chester, Han-
cock, New Hampshire, for foregoing statements.)

William Gilchrist settled in the eastern part _ of
the town. His wife was admitted to full communion
in the parish church November 17, 1751. He was
constable in 1762 and selectman the same year. The
whole family was noted for their almost gigantic
size and great bodily strength, qualities that have
been inherited in great measure by later genera-
tions. In the second generation, the sons of James
Gilchrist were large and powerful men and the
next generation much larger than the average men.
He died at Lunenburg, June 11, 1796, aged eighty-
five years. His wife died May 25, 1804, aged
seventy-nine years.

Their children were: I. Elizabeth, married. No-
vember 3. 1767, her cousin, James Grimes, of Swan-
zey, New Hampshire ; they removed to Canada,
where she died. 2. John, baptized June 28, 1741,
went to sea and never heard from. 3. Hannah. 4.
William, Jr., enlisted in the army during the revo-
lution, was wounded at the battle of Bunker Hill,
but recovered and afterwards died unmarried in the
army. 5. Richard, horn November 17, 1751, was at
the 'battle of Bunker Hill and in the army through
the revolution : after the war he settled at Dublin,
New Hampshire; married three times, (second) Mrs.
Eleanor (White) Gregg. He died at Dublin, June
19, 1833. Their children— Betsey, born February 6,
1778, died Tanuary 30. 1843; Joshua, born May I,
17S2. died Mav 20, 1842; married Mary Corey, of
Milton, New York; Sally, born April 5, 1785, died
September 6, 1833; married John Goddell, of Bos-
ton ; William : Hannah, married Morse ; Polly,

born April 15, 1787, married John Warren ; John,



WORCESTER COUNTY



3i7



married



Stanley; Gilman. 6. Anna, baptized



May 13, 1753. 7. Charles, baptized August 24, 1755,
enlisted during the revolution at the battle of Bunker
Hill, died unmarried in the army. 8. Sarah, bap-
tized March 12, 1758, married, July 14, 1785, Jonas
Warren, of Townsend, Massachusetts, and went to
western New York, where both died. 9. Samuel,
baptized March 30, 1760, went to Dublin, New
Hampshire ; married Allen. 10. Robert, bap-
tized August I, 1762, went to Walpole, New Hamp-
shire, and died there; married Cooper. 11.

James, baptized October 21, 1764, see forward. 12.
Molly, baptized February 15, 1767, died unmarried
at Fitchburg; his daughter, Saily Randall, born
October 20, 1791, married Joseph Faulkner Hovey.
(II) James Gilchrist, son of William Gilchrist
(1), was born in Lunenburg, Massachusetts, and
baptized, an infant, October 2t, 1764. He was
brought up on his father's farm and took charge
of the place even before his father died. He lived
in the northeast part of Lunenburg and was a well-
to-do farmer. He was prominent in public affairs,
member of the school committee in 1800-02-05-07-18.
He died November 2, 1838, aged seventy-four years.
He married, May, 1787. Ruth Reddington, born
April 30, 1764. She was admitted to the First
Church, December 7, 1788, and dismissed at her own
request, January 5, 1818. and was afterward a Uni-
versalis!. She was a bright, intelligent woman when
more than eighty years of age. She died January
4, 1848, aged eighty-three years, eight months, five
days. Their children: 1. William, born at Lunen-
burg, March 6, 1788, married Eunice Flagg, born
January 12, 1806, was on school committee 1840,
died April 14, 1858 : children — i. Mary, born Septem-
ber 1, 1827 ; ii. Charles, born December 19, 1828,
died August 8, 1862 ; married at Nashua, September
27, 1854. Julia Ann Lawton, of Shirley, born Sep-
tember 21, 1835. died July 13, i860; their children
were : Mary Ella, born August 10, 1855, died April
17, 1871, and William Augustus, born November 22,
1858; iii. Amanda; iv. Andrew J., born October 23,
1834, died November 8, 1853 ; v. John Flagg, born
November 27, 1840. married at Barre, June 20, 1867,
Chloe Lizzie Broad, born in Rutland. June 5. 1848,
died June 22, 1874; and their children: Charles
William, born April 22, 1869, and John Philip, born
February 15. 1871 ; vi. Phebe Lovisa, born June 30,
1843. married. January 14. 1875, Augustus Taylor.
2. James, Jr.. see forward. 3. John, baptized June
26, 1796. 4. Nancy, baptized October 8, 1797, died
unmarried September 29, 1818. 5. Sukey (twin),
baptized July 6, 1800, married John Smiley, of Hills-
boro, New Hampshire. 6. Fanny (twin), baptized
July 6, 1800, married Joel Smiley and had one
daughter. 7. Charles Stearns, born September, 1801,
was a large, powerful man weighing three hundred
and fifty pounds ; he married, October 29, 1824, Isa-
bel Craig, of Townsend: he died July 17, 1859; their
nine children — i. son, died May 28, 1826; ii. Alex-
ander Franklin, born July 26, 1827, married. Septem-
ber 25. i860, Serena Adams, born October 2, 1833,
and their children were — Walter Franklin, born May
12, 1861 ; George Stearns, born April 21, 1865: son,
born November 1, 1866; iii. William, married Hen-
rietta E. Rice ; iv. Fanny, born 1830. married, Oc-
tober 29, 1856, Charles A. Petts. of Fitzwilliam, New
Hampshire ; v. Hannah W., born about 1830, mar-
ried Asa T. Lawton ; vi. Martin V.. married (first)
Martha J. Morse, of Mason, New Hampshire, and
(second) Martha Dix ; vii. Mary Elizabeth, mar-
ried Charles H. Warren, of Grafton, Massachusetts;
viii. Margaret Allen, married Lewis Saunders, of
West Townsend ; ix. Elbridge H.. married. Decem-
ber 15, 1874, Lily S. Scott, of Townsend.



(III) James Gilchrest, Jr., son of James Gil-
christ (2), was born at Lunenburg, Massachusetts,
February 11, 1793. He received the meagre public
school education commonly given the farmer's boy
of his day and worked his time on the home farm.
At the age of twenty-one he went to Lexington,
where he was employed on a farm. He returned
to Lunenburg, but settled soon afterward in Town-
send, where all his children were born. His farm
of one hundred and seventy acres was near the
county line and he owned much wood land. He
sold this farm and bought a smaller one, sold again,
and returned to Lunenburg, where he purchased
still another farm. He sold again and went west
for a short time. In 1856 he bought another farm
in Lunenburg, where he resided until his death,
April 17. 1876. He learned the cooper's trade and
during the winter made barrels on his Lunenburg
place. He made some shrewd investments in wood
lots. He was a Methodist in religion and a Demo-
crat in politics. He enlisted in the war of 1812,
served three months at Fort Independence in Bos-
ton Harbor and late in life drew a pension under
the name of Joe Gilchrest — that being the name on
the records of his service. He was generally called
"Uncle Jimmy," and was widely known for his
great physical strength and high character.

He married, February 2, 1819, Sally Sanderson,
born July 2, 1795. Their children were: 1. James,
born October 19, 1819, died October 20, 1819. 2.
Sarah Hovey, born March 12, 1821, married George
Page, of Lunenburg, and their children are : Maria,
George, Nancy, Elizabeth. 3. Nancy Emeline, born
December 2, 1823, died December 2, 1834. 4. James,
Jr., born February 15. 1825, married, May 15, 1855,
Ann Judkins. of Meredith, New Hampshire, and
have one child — Katy. 5. Richard, born October 13,
1827. married, July 3, 1848, Adaline E. Spaulding,
of Townsend, daughter of Benjamin and Eliza
Spaulding. and they had eleven children — Richard
Warren, born April 13. 1849 ; George Albert, born
December 19, 1850, killed at Ayer, November 28,
1874, on the Fitchburg railroad; married Gara
Bailey; Benjamin Gary, born October 10, 1852;
Alida Elizabeth, born August 3, 1854; Clara Ada-
line, born June 17. 1856; Mary Emma, born April
5, 1858; Judge Martin, born January 28, i860;
Bertha Antoinette, born May 10, 1862 : Spaulding,
born October 9, 1S64, died August 10, 1865 ; Charles
Sherman, born October 19, 1866; Alden Prescott,
born March 29, 1871. 6. George Sanderson, see
forward. 7. Warren Emerson, born October 13,
1827, was member of band of First Regiment,
Massachusetts Volunteers, in civil war ; > married
Amanda Cummings and they had — Ella, born 1857;
Flora J. ; Isabella ; Harriet Almy, born January 16,
1869. 8. Laura Jane, born May 2, 1833, died May
4, 1850. 9. John Alfred, born August 27, 1837,
enlisted in Company F, Twenty-fifth Regiment,
Massachusetts Volunteers, was severely wounded by
rifle hall in lower jaw at Roanoke Island, North
Carolina, February 8, 1862, and discharged on ac-
count of wound ; married. March 23, 1859, Mary
Elizabeth Glover, of Middlesex, Vermont, and their
children were — Henry, born January 1, i860; An-
nie Rosella. born April 28, 1861 ; Esther, born April
11, 1864, died August 1, 1864.

(IV) George Sanderson Gilchrest, son of James
Gilchrest, Jr., (3), was born at Townsend, Massa-
chusetts, April 12, 1829. He was educated in the
common schools. At the age of eighteen he began
to learn the mason's trade of Deacon William Mar-
shall, of Fitchburg, remaining with him four years.
He then worked for Edmund Smith, of Leominster,
for a short time, then was at Waltham, and at Fitch-



3i8



WORCESTER COUNTY



burg again, where lie was employed by William
Weatherly. He left Mr. Weatherly to enlist, Au-
gust 6, 1861. He was mustered into Company B,
(Captain Simonds) Fifteenth Regiment, Massa-
chusetts Volunteers. He was taken prisoner at the
battle of Ball's Bluff and marched to Richmond,
where he suffered the inconceivable horrors of Libby
prison, contracting disease from which he never
recovered. He was transferred to the prison at
Salisbury, North Carolina, where he remained until
he was paroled, June, 1862, having been in prison
seven months and nine days. He was discharged
November 27, 1862, and went to Fitchburg, where
he resumed work at his trade of mason for a year.
In 1864 he sold his property on Chestnut street,
Fitchburg, and bought a homestead in Lunenburg.
After that he divided his time between his trade
and his farm. He died January 31, 1887. He was
a Republican in politics and a Methodist in religion.
He was a member of E. V. Sumner Post, No. 19,
Grand Army, Fitchburg.

He married, November 27, 1851, Lydia Elvira
Hurd, of Messina, New York, born April 13, 1830,
daughter of Nathan and Mary (Sampson) Hurd.
Her father was a farmer. The children of George
Sanderson and Lydia E. Gilchrest were : I. Elvira
Jennette, born December 6, 1853, at Fitchburg, died
August 15, 1874; married Charles Bowers Longley,
April 26, 1870, and had — George H., born in Cin-
cinnati, Ohio, February 24, 1872, died June 8, 1872 ;
Harriet Musette, born October 20, 1873. 2. George
Albert Lincoln, born at Fitchburg, December 16,
1863, married Mary Tuttle, of West Acton, Massa-
chusetts, and had two children, one living, Ralph.
3. James Silvester, born October 27, 1869, married
Addie L. Morland and had one child — George
Irving, born November 13, 1891.

EDGAR ASA BATES (9), prominently identi-
fied with the shoe manufacturing industry of Web-
ster, is a lineal descendant in the ninth generation
of Clement Bates (1), one of the early settlers in
Hingham, Massachusetts. It has been claimed by
some genealogists that Clement was of Hereford-
shire, but this is undoubtedly an error as more
authentic records show conclusively that he was
a native of Lydd in the county of Kent. The earliest
known ancestor of the Bates family in England
is Thomas Bates, who died at Lydd in 1485. From
the records of that town we learn that John, son of
Thomas, died at Lydd in 1522; Andrew, son of
John, died there in 1533; John, son of Andrew, died
there in 1580; and John's son James, who died in
Lydd, was the father of the above mentioned Cle-
ment. Among the early arrivals in Boston (1635)
were Clement, James and Edward Bates, said to
have been brothers. Clement and James were both
of Lydd and no doubt were of the same parentage,
but the most reliable information extant shows that
Edward, who came from old Boston in Lincoln-
shire, was not their brother. James settled in Dor-
chester, while Edward located in Weymouth, and
as this genealogical record relates only to the de-
scendants of Clement, it is deemed unnecessary to
give the others further mention.

(I) Clement Bates, aged forty years, and his
wife, Ann, same age, arrived at Boston in the spring
or early summer of 1635, probably in the "Eliza-
beth," William Stagg, master, bringing with them
' five children : James, aged fourteen years ; Clement,
twelve; Rachel, eight; Joseph, five; and Benjamin,
aged two years. According to the records of Hing-
ham Clement Bates was in 1635 allotted land on
Broad Cove meadows and a house lot on the south
side of the town, now South street. In 1637 he



was granted two more acres. He died in Hingham,
September 17, 1671.

(II) Joseph Bates, son of Clement Bates (1),
was born in England about the year 1630, and is
mentioned in the records of Hingham as a brick-
layer. He occupied the paternal homestead and be-
came prominent in local public affairs, serving as
constable 1675-78 inclusive, and was a selectman
for the years 1671-77-84-92. In 1673 he was ap-
pointed sexton of the parish and continued in that
capacity until the erection of the new meeting-
house. He was married in Hingham, January 9,
1657 or 58, to Esther, daughter of William Hilliard,
and his children were : Joseph, born September 28,
1660; Esther, born August 29, 1663, married in Bos-
ton, September 16, 1691, Richard Cobb; Caleb, born
March 30, 1666; Hannah, born October 31, 1668;
Joshua, born August 14, 1671 ; Bathsheba, born
January 26, 1673 or 74.' Clement, born September
22, 1676, drowned June 29, 1706; Eleanor, born
August 29, 1679, died September 8 following; and
Abigail, born October 16, 1680, married, June 12,
1704, John Chubbuck. All were born in Hingham.
Joseph Bates died April 30, 1706, and his widow
died June 3, 1709. In his will, dated April 24, 1706,
he mentions and provides for his wife, Esther, and
his four sons and four living daughters, naming the
former but not the latter.

(III) Joshua Bates, who was a lifelong resi-
dent of Hingham, married, January 15, 1695, Rachel
Tower, born in Hingham, March 16, 1674 or 75,
daughter of Ibrook and Margaret (Hardin) Tower.
Their children, all natives of Hingham, were:
Rachel, born July 14, 1696, married Andrew Beal,
December 14, 1715; Joshua, born June 15, 1698;
Bathsheba, born February 9, 1699 or 1700, married
Joseph Clark ; Elizabeth, born November 23, 1703,
married Ebenezer Woodward, October 8, 1724; Solo-
mon, born April 13, 1706; Isaac, born March 3,
1707 or 8, and Jacob, born August 20, 1710.

(IV) Jacob Bates resided for many years in the
second precinct of Hingham, where all of his chil-
dren were born, and he served as constable in 1745.
Late in life he removed to Attleboro, Massachusetts,
and thence to Dudley, same state, where he died
July 10, 1795. On November 19, 1730, he married
Mary Clark, daughter of John and Rebecca (Lin-
coln) Clark, born January 12, 1709, died January 27,
1798. Jacob and Mary (Clark) Bates had a family
of ten children, namely: Mary, born July 19, 1732;
Simeon, born March 21, 1737 or 38; Obadiah, born
May 7, 184 1 ; James, born April 19, 1743; Lydia,
born July 10, 1744; Elijah, born December 2, 1746;
John, born December 4, 1748; Jacob, born April
15, 1751; Israel, born April 15, 1753; and Elizabeth,
who was baptized May 3, 1761.

(V) John Bates, the next in line, married Chloe
Fuller, April 26, 1770, daughter of Noah Fuller,
Jr., and Mercy Cushman, born 1746, died July 11,
1S25. John Bates resided in Dudley and his death
occurred in that town, December 12, 1834, in his
eighty-seventh year. He was known as esquire or
captain.

(VI) Captain Alanson Bates was probably born
in Dudley, January 30, 1772, and died there August
22, 1842. His wife was before marriage Comfort
Robinson.

(VII) Nelson Bates, son of Captain Alanson
and Comfort (Robinson) Bates, was born in Dudley,
July 12, 1801. He was a prosperous farmer and a
"life-long resident of Dudley, and his death occurred
February 2, 1S89. He married Lucia Jacobs, who
bore him eight children, namely: Ira, Lucinda, Nel-
son. Jane. Sophia, Abbie, Abel and Andrew.

(Ill) Andrew Jackson Bates was born June 23,




OQ. *F*%rti-U



WORCESTER COUNTY



319



i8}g, in that part of Webster which was set off from
the town of Dudley in 1832. He attended the dis-
trict schools until seventeen years old, and assisted
his father in conducting the homestead farm until
attaining his majority. The advent of the present
era of commercial propagation and industrial prog-
ress found him a vigorous young man, ready to
enter the procession with a firm determination to
not only keep up with its onward march but to
work his way forward to the front rank. Accord-
ingly, about the year i860, he went to New York
city, where he entered the rubber business in the
capacity of a subordinate. Two years later he es-
tablished himself in the shoe business and allied
trades in the metropolis and, possessing the natural
ability necessary for a successful mercantile career,
he eventually realized his cherished aspirations, be-
coming in due time one of the foremost footwear
•dealers in this country. At the present time he is
one of the leading shoe merchants in New York,
transacting an extensive business and having rep-
resentatives in nearly every city of prominence in the
United States. In 1887 he engaged in the manu-
facture of shoes, establishing a factory in Webster,
and he also operates several other plants. For
many years he has resided in Brooklyn. He mar-
ried, September 30, 1862, Miss Harriet Bartlett,
born in Webster, March 16, 1841, daughter of Asa
and Matilda Sophia (Kingsbury) Bartlett. The
children of this union are Sarah Lucia, born 1864,
married Charles H. Craver, of Binghamton, New
York, and has two children : Emma Sophia, born
1865, married Maxwell Carrington, of Orange, New
Jersey, and now resides in Webster, Massachusetts,
having one child ; Edgar Asa, born February 7,
1869. Andrew Jackson. Jr., born April 21, 1872,
died May 6, 1872. Zella Harriet, born December
15. 1877, died March 2, 1893. May Ethel, born
October 2, 1879. Mrs. Harriet Bates died in Brook-
lyn, June 16, 1887. Andrew J. Bates married
{second) Emma Gentha Van Nostrand, of Brook-
lyn, New York.

(IX) Edgar Asa Bates was born in Brooklyn
and was educated in the public schools of that city.
After the conclusion of his studies he became con-
nected with his father's business in New York, and
from 1887 to 1906 was identified with the elder
Bates' factory in Webster, having worked his way
forward to the position of manager. In 1905 he
married Evelyn Trull, of Woburn, Massachusetts,
and now resides in New York city.

ALANSON P. ROBBINS. (I) William Rob-
bins, the first known American ancestor of Alan-
son P. Robbing was born about 1655, probably in
New England, though his parents are not known.
He was probably of Scotch parents. He lived in
Reading, Massachusetts, when a young man, and
in 1680 married there Priscilla Jones or Gowing,
daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Brock) Gow-

He and others of Reading and the towns in the
east part of Massachusetts took part in the move-
ment against the Nipmuck Indians in the vicinity
of Webster and Douglas. Massachusetts, where his
descendants afterward lived, and about the lakes
near the Connecticut and Rhode Island lines_ in
King Philip's war. For their services the soldiers
were given a tract of land or township eight miles
square and he received a grant for his share. He
located after the war at Lynn-end. now Lynnfield,
Massachusetts, but removed later to Dedham, Massa-
chusetts, "Mill Dividend." later called Walpole,
where many of his descendants have lived. He died
in Walpole, August 18, 1725, and his wife also at



Walpole, March 5, 1745. The following list of chil-
dren may be incomplete: Elizabeth, born 1680;
William, born at Reading, 1681, died at Walpole,
January 7, 1769; had a son William at Dedham,



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