Emanuel Roth Boyer.

A laboratory manual in elementary biology; an inductive study in animal and plant morphology designed for preparatory and high schools online

. (page 15 of 15)
Online LibraryEmanuel Roth BoyerA laboratory manual in elementary biology; an inductive study in animal and plant morphology designed for preparatory and high schools → online text (page 15 of 15)
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maxillae — L. maxilla, jaw, 27 ; maxillaries, 57 ; maxillary palpus, 36.
maxillipeds — L. maxilla and pes feet, 27.
median, 18; — fins, 55.

medulla oblongata — L. medulla, marrow ; oblongus, long, 66.
medullary rays, 151.
mertensia, Mertens, of Bremen, 187.
mesophyll — Gr. mesos, middle ; phuUon, leaf, 158.

mesentery — Gr. mesos, middle ; entera, intestine, 14, 62 ; mesenteric artery, 96.
mesoglcea — Gr. mesos, middle ; gloia, glue, 8.
mesothorax, 37.

meta-carpi — Gr. meta, beyond ; karpos, wrist, 76.
metamorphosis— Gr. meta and morphe, form, 116.
meta-tarsi — Gr. meta, beyond ; iarios, the sole of foot, 76.
meta-thorax — Gr. meta, beyond ; thorax, chest, 37.
metazoa — Gr. meta, beyond; zobn, animal, 114.
micropyle — Gr. mikros, small; pule, a gate, 153, 163.
midrib, 135, 157.
molars, 112.

mollusca — L. mollis, soft, 115.
molluscoidea, 116.

monocotyledons — Gr. menos, alone, cotyledon, 162, 175.
monotremata — Gr. monos, alone; trema, an opening, 117.
morphology — Gr. morphe, form ; logos, description, 9.
motor oculi — L. motum, to move ; oculus, eye, 83.
mouth, of starfish, 12; of earthworm, 19; of crawfish, 27 ; of grasshopper,

35 ; of mussel, 47 ; of perch, 57 ; of frog, 71.
mucous membrane, 86.
multipolar nerve cells — multi, many ; polus, a pole, a point, 98.



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INDEX AND DERIVATIONS. 207

muscle fibres, 40.

musci — L. muscus, moss, 174.

muzzle, 109.

myriapoda — Gr, murioi, ten thousand \f>odes, feet, 115.

myrtales — L. myrtus, a myrtle, 179.

myxomycetes — Gr. tnuxa, slime ; mukes, a fungus, 173.

nares — L. nostrils, 56, 72.

natatores — L. nato, I swim, 117.

nemathelminthes — Gr. nema, a thread ; helmins, an intestinal worm, 115.

nephridia — Gr. nephros, a kidney, 21.

nodal cell, 131.

nodes — L. nodus, a knol, 129.

nodules, 124.

nucleus — L. a small nut, a kernel, 2.

nymphaceae — L. nympha, a water nymph, 183.

ocellus— L. a little eye, 35.

cedigoniae — Gr. oideo, I swell ; gonos, offspring, 174.

oesophageal collar, 32.

oesophagus — Gr. oio, I bear for another; pkago, I eat, 31, 61.

oil globules, 128.

olacales — L. olax, having a smell, 178.

onycophora — Gr. onux, a claw ;phoros, bearing, 115.

Oogonium — Gr. oon, an egg ; gonos, offspring, 126.

obphore — Gr. oon ; phoros, bearing, 141.

obsphere — Gr. oon, an egg; sphaira, a ball, 138.

Oospore — Gr. oon, sporos, seed, 126.

Oophyta— Gr. oon, an egg ; phuton, plant, 174.

ophidia — Gr. ophis, a serpent, 117,

opposite, 158.

orchidales, 176; orchidaceae, 183.

orchis, 183.

organ — Gr. organon, an instrument, 2.

ornithorhynchus — Gr. ornithos, of a bird ; — beak, 117.

oscillaria — L. oscillum, swing, 125.

ossicles — L. ossiculum, a small bone, 15.

ovary — L. ovum, an egg ; — of hydra, 7 ; — of perch, 63 ; — of frog, 79 ;

— turtle, 95; — grasshopper, 40; simple, 160; compound, 160.
oviducts— L. ovum, egg; ductus, a duct, 31.



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208 INDEX AND DERIVATIONS.

ovule, 152.

oxalis— L. oxus, sour, 213.

palatines— belonging to the palate, 57.

palisade cells, 158.

pallial line, 45 ; — cavity, 46.

pallium — L. a mantle, 46.

palmales — L.palma, the palm, 176.

paramaecium — Gr. para, side by side ; mekos, length, 114.

parenchyma — Gr. para, side by side; enchuma, tissue, 137, 159.

parietales — L. paries, a wall, 177.

passeres — L. passer, a sparrow, 117.

passiflorales — L. passio, passion ; flos, a flower, 179.

pecten — L. a comb, 116.

pedicel— L. pes, a foot, 135.

pedicellariae — L. pedicellus, a louse, 12.

peduncle — L. pedunculus, little foot, 152, 158.

pelvis, 76 ; pelvic arch, 76 — girdle, 76.

perennial — h.per, through; annum, a year, 140.

perianth — Gr. peri, around; anthos, flower, 158.

pericardium — Gr.peri, round about ; kardia, heart ; pericardial cavity, 48, 61.

pericarp — Gr.peri, about; karpos, fruit, 164.

periostracum — Gr. peri, round about ; ostrakon, shell, 43.

peripatus — Gr. per ipatein, to walk around, 115.

perisoma — Gr. peri, round about; soma, body, 18.

perissodactyla — Gr. perissos, uneven ; daktulos, a finger, 1 17.

peritoneum — Gr. peri, round about; teino, I stretch, 61, 86.

personales— L. persona, a mask, 180.

petal — Gr. petalon, a leaf, 158.

petromyzon — Gr. petros, a rock; muzdn, sucking, 1 1 6.

phalanges — Gr. phalangx, a line of battle, 76.

phaseolus vulgaris — L. phaselus, a bean pod; vulgaris, common, 162.

phloem — Gr. phloios, bark, 150 — sheath, 144, 158.

phlox — Gr. phlox, a flame, 186.

phyllome— Gr. — phullon, a leaf, 160.

phyllotaxy — Gr. phullon, a leaf; taxis, order, 153.

pia mater — L. kind mother, 82.

pineal body, 83.

pinnae — L. pinna, a feather, 142; pinnate, 142; pinnulae, 142, 165.

pinnipedia — L. pinna, a feather; pes, a foot, 117.



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INDEX AND DERIVATIONS. 209

pinus — Is. pinna, a pine tree, 147.

piperales — L. piper, pepper, 177.

pirus, 186.

pisces — L. a fish, 116.

pistil — L. pistiHum, a pestle, 159.

pith, 150.

placenta — L. a cake, parietal, 160 : axial, 160.

plant body, 127.

plastron — Fr. a breastplate, 91.

plates — marginal, dorsal, costal, 91 : gular, post-gular, pectoral, abdominal,

anal, pre anal, axillar, inguinal, 92.
platyhelminthes — Gr. platus, broad; helmins, a worm, 115.
pleurite — Gr. pleura, a rib, 26.
plexus — L. twisted ; brachial — ; sciatic — 84.
plumule — L. plumula, a little feather, 164.
pneumatic tube— Gr. pneuma, air, 64.
podophyllum — Gr. pous, foot; phullon, leaf, 183.
polemoniales — Gr. polemonion, valerian, 18.0; polemoniaceae, 186.
pollen — L. fine flour; — grains, 152; — sacs, 152.
polygonatum — Gr.po/us, many; gonu, a knee, 181.
porifera — Gr.poros, a pore; L.'/ero, I bear, 114.
primaries — L. primus, first, 105.
primates — L. primus, first, 117.
primulales— L. primus, first, 180; primulaceae, 186.
proboscidea — L. proboscis, a trunk, 117.
prosimiae — L. pro, before; simia, ape, 172.
prothallium— Gr. pro, before; thallos, a sprout, 141, 146.
protista — Gr. protos, first, 114.
protococcus — Gr. protos, first; kokkos, a berry, 118.
protonema — Gr. protos, first; nema, thread, 145.
protophyta — Gr. protos-, phuton, plant, 173.
protoplasm — Gr. protos, first ; plasma, what has been formed, I.
protozoa — Gr. protos-, zobn, animal, 114.
prunus, 185.

pseudopodia — Gr. pseudes, false ; pous, foot, 81.
pteridophyta — Gr.pteron, wing; phuton, plant, 173.
pteris aquilina, 140.
pteropoda — Gr.pteron ; pous, foot, 116.
pterylae — Gr. pteron, a wing, 105.
pupil, 56.



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210 INDEX AND DERIVATIONS,

pyrenoid— Gr. puren, the stone of fruit, 122.

quadrate — L. quadratus, squared, 99.
quadrupeds, 109.
quercus — L. oak, 185.

radial— L. radius, a spoke; — nerve, 12;— water tube, 15— radiale, 102—

radio-ulnar, 75.
radius, 93-

ramenta — L. scrapings, shavings, 142.
rana pipiens, 69.
ranales — L. rana, a frog, 177.
range of vision, 56.

ranunculus— L. a little frog, 183— ranunculaceae, 183.
raphides — Gr. rhaphis, a needle, 158.
rapta tores — L. raptores, robbers, 117.
ray, 11.
reaction, 1 19-

receptacle — L. receptaculum, a store house, 135, 158.
rectum— L. rectus, straight, 50.
rectus abdominis, 77.
resin passages, 150 ; — ducts, 150.
red corpuscles, 85.
reptilia — L. repo, to creep, 116.
reproduction, 3.

respiration — L. re, back ; spiro, I breath, 2.
reticulated— L. reticulum, a little net, 106— reticulum, 106.

rhizome — Gr. rhizoma, a root, 140.

rhabdomes — Gr. rhabdos, a rod, 33.

rhizoids — Gr. rhiza, a root, 126.

rhizopoda — Gr. rhiza, a root ; pous, foot, 1 14.

ribs, 67.

right auricle, 49.

rings of growth, 151.

roots, 142.

robinia — Robin, a French botanist, 180.

rodentia — L. rodens, gnawing, 117.

rotatoria — L. rota, a wheel, 115.

rotifers — L. rota, a wheel; fero, I bear, 115.

rosa, 185; rosacese, 185.



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INDEX AND DERIVATIONS. 2ll

rosales, 179.

rostrum — L. a beak, 25.

rubiales — L. ruber, red, 181.

saccharomyces — L. saccharutn, sugar; mukes, a fungus, 118.

sacrum — L. sacred, 76.

sacral, 10 1.

salivary glands, 41.

salpa — Gr. salpe, a kind of stock-fish, 115.

santalales — L. san talis, a kind of palm tree, 178.

sapindales — L. sapo, soap, 178; sapindaceae, 185.

saprophytes — Gr. sapros, putrid; phuton, plant, 12 1.

scalariform vessels— L. scala, a ladder; forma, shape, 144.

scales, 60; scale-bearers, 149, — leaves, )49.

scansores — L. scando, I climb, 117.

scaphopoda — Gr. skaphe, a bowl ; pous, foot, 1 1 6.

scapula — L. shoulder-blade, 75.

schizomycetes — Gr. schizo, I cleave ; mukes, a fungus, 173.

sciatic plexus, 85.

sclerenchyma — Gr. skleros, hard ; enchuma, tissue, 143.

scutellum — L. scutellum, small shield, 164 — scutella, 106 — scutellate, 106.

secondaries, 105.

seed's* x 53 — seed-coats, 163.

segments, 26.

selachii — Gr. selachos, a cartilaginous fish, 116.

semi-liquid, 119.

sensation — L. sentio, I discern by the senses, 2.

sepals — L. separ, separate, 158.

septa — L. septum, a partition, 20, 125.

setae — L. seta, a stiff hair, 19.

shaft, 106.

shields, 131.

shoulder girdle, 75.

simple, 35.

sinus venosus — L. sinus, a curve ; vena, a vein, 80.

siphons — Gr. a tube, 46.

sisyrinchium— Gr. a bulbous plant, 182.

skeleton — Gr. skellein, to dry, 4, endo — , 67, 73, 91, exo — , II ; axial — ,

73 ; appendicular — , 73.
skull, 65.



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21 2 INDEX AND DERIVATIONS.

small fry, 53.

smilacina— smilax, 182.

smilax, 182.

soft rays, 54.

solanaceae — L. solatium, night shade, 187.

somites — Or. soma, a body, 18.

sorus— Gr. a heap, 145.

spawn, 53.

spermaphyta — Gr. sperma, seed; phuton, plant, 148.

spermaphytes — Gr. sperma, seed ; phuton, plant, 173.

spermary — Gr. sperma, seed ; of hydra, 7 ; of perch, 63 ; of turtle, 95.

spermatic filament, 132.

spermatozoa — Gr. sperma, seed ; zoon, animal, 23, 95.

spermatozoids, 132.

sperm cells, 132; — ducts, 63.

spicules — L. spiculum, a sharp point, 4.

spike, 151.

spinal — L. spina, the spine ; — cord, 66 ; — column, 66 ; — nerve, 66.

spines, spinous, 11.

spiracle — L. spiro, I breathe, 37.

spiranthes— twisted flower, 211.

spirogyra — Gr. speira, a coil; guros, a circle, 183.

spleen, 63. of frog, 79.

sponge flesh, 4.

spongia — L. a sponge, 114.

spongilla — L. a little sponge, 4, 114.

sporangia — Gr. spora, seed; anggos, a vessel, 145, 152.

spore — Gr. spora, and seed, 141, 152.

sporophore— Gr. spora ; phoros, bearing, 141 ; swarm spore, 127.

8porophylla — Gr. spora ; phullon, leaf, 144.

sprout chains, 120.

stamens — L. sto, I stand, 151, 159.

starch grains, 123.

stem, 106, 129.

sterile leaves, 131.

sternite — Gr. sternon, breast bone, 26.

sternum— Gr. sternon, 75.

stigma — Gr. stizo, I mark with a point, 160.

stipe— I., stipes, a stock, 142.

stoma— Gr. mouth, 136.



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INDEX AND DERIVATIONS. 2l$

stomach — of starfish, 14; — of crayfish, 31 ; — of grasshopper, 41 ; — of

mussel, 50 ; — of perch, 62 ; — of frog, 78.
striae — L. stria, a furrow, 60.
striated muscle, 40.
style — Gr. stubs, a column, 160.
subclavian — L. sub, under ; clavis, a key, 96.
superior abdominal artery, 30.
superior umbilicus, 106.
sub-mucosa, 86.

sub-cesophageal ganglion — Gr. esophagus, gullet, 32.
sub-opercle — L. operculum, a lid, 58.
sub-orbital, 56.
supporting lamellae, 8.
supra oesophageal ganglion, 32.
suture — L. sutura, a seam.
swimmerets, 26.

symplocarpus — Gr. sumploke, a connection; karpos, fruit, 182.
synapta — Gr. sun, together; apto, I connect, 115.
systemic arch, 81.

toproot, 165 ; multiple — ,165.

taraxicum — Gr. taraxis, a disorder of the bowels, 187.

tarsi, 76 ; — tarsus, 37 ; — tarso-meta-tarsus, 103.

teleostei — Gr. teleos, perfect; osteon, bone, 116.

tendon— L. tendo, I stretch, 78.

tentacles — L. tento, I touch ; tentacular processes, 46 ; — terminal — , 13.

telson— Gr. the end, 25.

tergite — L. tergum, the back, 26.

terminal cell, 131.

tertiaries — L. tertius, three, 105.

tethyodea, 116.

thaliacea — Gr. thaleia, blooming (with phosphorescence), 116.

thallus— Gr. a shoot, 128.

thallophyta, Gr. thallus, a shoot; phuton, a plant, 173.

thoracic— Gr. thorax, the chest, 25.

tibia — L. a pipe, 36 ; tibio-tarsus, 103.

tilia— L. the linden, 184; — tiliaceae, 184.

tissue — Fr. tissu, woven, 22.

teeth, 44.

torulae — L. torulus, a tuft of hair, 120.



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214 Index And Derivations.

tracheae — Gr. tracheia, windpipe, 40.

tradescantia— Tradescant, gardener to Charles I. of England, 182.

trichina— Gr. thrix, hair, 115.

trichoma— Gr. thrix, hair, 161.

trifolium — L. tres, three ; folium, a leaf, 186.

trigeminal — L. tres, three ; gemini, twins ; — nerve, 83.

trillium — L. tres, three, 182; — recurvatium, 182.

trivium — L. tres, three ; via, the way, 11.

triticum vulgare — L. triticum, wheat ; vulgaris, common, 162.

trochanter — Gr. treckein, run, 36.

trochlear— L. trochlea, a pulley, 83.

trunk, 71.

tube-feet, 12.

tunicata — tunica, a tunic, 116.

tympanum— a drum, 38.

typhlosole— Gr. tuphlos, blind ; sdlen, tube, 22.

ulmaceae — L. ulmus, elm, 184.

ulmus, 184.

ulna — L. ulna, the elbow, 93.

ulnare — L. ulna, the elbow, 102.

umbellales — L. umbella, a parasol, 179.

umbones — L. umbo, the boss of a shield, 43.

unipolar nerve-cell, 88.

unio plicata, 42.

unstriated muscle-fibre, 40.

ureters — Gr. oureo, I make water, 79.

urinary bladder, 64 ; tubules, 87.

urocyst — Gr. ouron, urine ; kustis, a bladder, 80.

urostyle — Gr. oura, the tail ; stulos, column, 74.

urticales — L. urtica, a nettle, 177.

vacuoles — L. vacuus, empty, 2.

valves, 43.

vane, 106.

vas deferens— L. vas, a vessel ; deferens, leading from, 30.

vaucheria — Vaucher, of Geneva, 125.

veins — L. vena, a blood vessel; of grasshopper's wing, 37, 157; of perch,

67; of frog, 81; of leaves, 142; netted-veins, 157, 165; parallel

veins, 157; 165*, veinlets, 157.



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INDEX AND DERIVATIONS. 21 5

venation, 157.

venous-sinus, 64.

ventral — L. venter, belly ; — fins, 55 ; — fissure, 88 ; — nerve-chain, 22 ;

— margin, 43 ; — horns, 88 ; — vessel, 22.
ventricle — L. venter, the belly, 48, 80.
vegetative notches, 138.

vertebra — L. verto, I turn, 67 ; vertebral column, 67.
vertebrata — L. vertebra, a joint, 116.
vessels, 144, lateral — ,21.
vibrissas — L. vibro, I shake, 109.
villi — L. hairs, 87.

violaceae — L. viola, violet, 183; viola, 183.
vitis — L. a vine, 184.
volvox — L. volvo, I roll, 128.
vomer — L. a plowshare, 57.
vorticelli — L. vortex, a whirl, 114.

web, 73.

white corpuscles, 85.
white matter, 98.
whorls, 129.

wings, of grasshopper, 37 ; of pigeon, 105 ; of liverwort, 135 ; wing-coverts,
105, coverts.

xylem — Gr. xulon, wood, 158.

zea mays — Gr. zeia, corn ; mays, Indian name, 162.
zobsporeae — Gr. zoon, an animal ; spora, seed, 174.
zoospore — Gr. zoon, an animal ; spora, seed.
zygophyta — Gr. zugon, a yoke ; phuton, a plant, 174.
zygospores — Gr. zugon, a yoke ; spora, seed, 123.



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Online LibraryEmanuel Roth BoyerA laboratory manual in elementary biology; an inductive study in animal and plant morphology designed for preparatory and high schools → online text (page 15 of 15)