Emanuel Swedenborg.

History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania online

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a failure, and he has since been engaged quite extensively in lumbering and tobacco
growing. On December 35, 1871, he married Augusta N. Bailey, a daughter of
Cephas and CaroHne (Wright) Bailey. She was bom in Peru, Vermont, November
12, 1851, and has three children, Grace M., Daniel G. and Ezra B. Mr. Stevens and
wife are members of the Universalist church, and he is also connected with the I.
0. 0. F. and the P. of H. societies. In politics, a Republican, he has been a school
director for eleven years, and is one of the leading farmers of his native township.

Joseph E. Lyon was born in Chemung county, New York, in 1810, a son of
Augustus and Mary (Bennett) Lyon, natives of Massachusetts, who came from New-
York state to Tioga county, Pennsylvania, in 1831, and purchased a farm at Niles
Valley, where the parents passed the remaining years of their lives. He obtained



794 HISTOET OF TIOGA COUNTY.

a good education, and followed the profession of a teacher many years. He came to
Tioga county with his parents, and for more than twenty years taught in the district
schools of the neighborhood, and also assisted in cultivating the home farm. After
his father's death his mother sold the farm at Niles Valley and purchased the present
Lyon farm, which at her death became the property of the sons of Joseph E. Lyon
by the will of their grandmother. Here he continued to follow agricultural pur-
siiits up to his death, January 6, 1888. He married Martha Ives, a daughter of
Eoswell Ives, of Middlebury, to which marriage were bom eight children, as fol-
lows: Augustus, who enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and Forty-ninth Penn-
sylvania Volunteers, and was captiired and died of starvation in Salisbury prison,North
Carolina; Mary, widow of Delan Catlin, of Charleston township; Henry, and Abram,
both residents of Middlebury; Sarah, wife of Lorenzo Catlin, of the same township;
John, who enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and Forty-ninth Pennsylvania
Volunteers, and died of starvation in Salisbury prison; Lydia, wife of Orlando Jones,
of Charleston, and Bennett, a resident of Wellsboro. Mrs. Lyon died in 1863.
Mr. Lyon was a well-known farmer of Middlebury, and took an active interest in the
public schools of the township, filling the ofiice of school director many years.

Abeam Lyon was bom at Niles Valley, Tioga county, March, 14, 1839, a son
of Joseph E. Lyon. He remained with his parents until twenty-one years of age,
when he began for himself by working in the lumber woods of his native county.
On April 33, 1861, he enlisted in Company H, Sixth Pennsylvania Eeserve, being the
first man to enlist in Mies Valley. He served in the battle of Drainsville, and was
then taken sick, and spent a long period in the hospital. He was discharged in the
autumn of 1863, and returned home to regain his health. The following summer
he enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania Volun-
teers, and took part in the battles- of the Mines, Weldon Eailroad, and Petersburg.
He was discharged at Harrisburg, in September, 1865, and returned to his home in
Middlebury, where he continued to work on his farm until his father's death. He
purchased the interest of the other heirs, and thus became sole owner of the old
homestead. On September 13, 1873, Mr. Lyon married Almira Adamy, a daughter
of Sylvester E. and Eoxina (Brovra) Adamy, natives of New York. She was the
second in a family of eight children, and was bom January 16, 1854. To Mr. and
Mrs. Lyon have been bom two children, viz: John J. and Bertha E. The family
are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, and in politics, adherents of the Ee-
publican party. Mr. Lyon is a member of the G. A. E., and one of the well-known
citizens of his native township.

Andeew Holiday, a native of Ireland, immigrated to Pennsylvania prior to
the Eevolution, and finally settled at Stroudsburg, Monroe coimty, Pennsylvania.
He was a soldier in the Continental army, and did good service for his adopted coun-
try. He was twice married, and reared a family of nine children, two by the first
marriage, and seven by the second. About 1800 he came with his son, Daniel to
Tioga county, Pennsylvania, and located at Lawrenceville. He subsequently re-
moved to Troupsburg, New York, but later returned to Tioga county and settled at
Elkland, where he died and was buried.

Daniel Holiday, Se., son of Andrew HoHday, was bom at Stroudsbiirg, Penn-
sylvania, and came to Tioga county with his father about 1800. With the exception



BIOGEAPHIOAL SKETCHES. 795



of a short time spent at Troupsburg, New York, he resided in this county up to his
death, dying at the home of his son, Daniel, at Holiday, Middlebury township, in
1855. He married Ehoda Searls, of WoodhuU, New York, who bore him eleven
children, viz: John, deceased; Daniel, a resident of Holiday; Margaret, Lavina,
Timothy and Amos, all of whom ai-e dead; Catherine, wife of Ambrose Ives, of
'IVoupsbiirg; Mary, wife of Daniel White, of Holiday; Samuel S., a resident of
Marsh Creek; Ehoda, and Thomas, both deceased. Mrs. Holiday died upon the
old homestead.

Daniel Holiday, oldest living child of Daniel Holiday, Sr., was bom in Elk-
land township, Tioga county, September 26, 1810. When twelve years old he began
working out as a farm hand, later learned the carpenter's trade, and came to Holiday,
Middlebury township, in 1833, where he conducted a hotel for fifteen years. He
was then elected a justice of the peace, which ofSce he filled continuously for forty
years, and also served as a notary public six years. He carried on a general store
five years, and conducted a farm during the whole time, finally retiring about 1876.
Mr. Holiday married Alvira Keeney, a daughter of Thomas Keeney, who bore him
the following children, viz: Byron B., a merchant of Blmira; Van Buren B., sta-
tion agent at Holiday; Delos, a farmer at Marsh Creek; Milford, deceased; Milton G.,
who was killed in the Eebellion; Darius, a resident of Wellsboro; Helen, deceased
wife of Porter Blanchard, and Haletus P. His second wife was Euth A., a daughter
of I. P. Keeney, who became the mother of four children, viz: Viola, deceased;
Mary, wife of Samuel Putnam, of Covington; Addie, wife of Samuel Maxwell, of
Corning, and Claude M., also a resident of Corning. Politically, Mr. Holiday is a
Democrat, and has filled nearly all the towTiship offices at different periods.

Haletus P. Holiday, youngest child of Daniel and Elvira Holiday, was born
at Holiday, Tioga county, September 30, 1844. When a week old he was taken by
Lavina Cady, a sister of his father, and wife of Calvin Cady, with whom he lived for
many years. July 3, 1866, he married Ellen Eoot, born September 4, 1846, a
daughter of Isaiah and Sophronia Eoot. To this union there have been born two
children, viz: George M. and Nettie, wife of Ervin Lewis. He built a house on the
Cady farm and followed agriculture up to 1886, having bought forty-five acres of
his father's farm in 1880, and later 144 acres adjoining it. He next purchased the
hotel property at Holiday, and conducted the house for five years, during which
time he also engaged in selling farm implements. Since giving up the hotel business
he has devoted his attention to tobacco growing. In 1890 the Cady farm was willed
to him and his son, George. Mr. Holiday and wife are members of the P. of H., and
he is connected with the I. 0. 0. F.

John- West, a native of Stoughton Harbor, Massachusetts, born December 2,
1778, was a son of John West, a native of England. He was reared in Vermont,
and subsequently located in Madison county. New York, whence he removed to
Tioga county, Pennsylvania, in 1829. He engaged quite extensively in the lumber
business, and a few years later purchased the farm of the late Nathan T. West, at
Middlebury Center, where he died May 3, 1853. He married Polly Holt, to whom
were born the following children: Thomas M., Cynthia, John, Polly, Joseph C. and
Nathan T., all of whom are dead; Philander, of Middleburv township, and Philetus,



796 HISTOEY OP TIOGA COUNTY.

deceased, the two last mentioned being twins. Mrs. West survived lier husband four-
teen years, dying May 30, 1867, aged eighty-three.

Thomas M. West, oldest child of John and Polly West, was born in Madison
county, New York, November 7, ] 804. He grew to manhood in his native county,
and in 1833 came to Tioga county, Pennsylvania, and located on a farm on Losey
creek, in Middlebury township. A short time after he bought and moved to the
farm now owned by his son Ira, where he followed farming ajid lumbering up to
his death, February 20, 1882. In 1826 he married Emily Balch, a native of Madison
county, New York, bom in 1809, who bore him twelve children, viz: Truzilla, de^
ceased; Adaline, wife of Alexander Combs, of Wisconsin; Aaron and Eliza, both de-
ceased; Elizabeth, widow of Thomas B. Keeney; Daniel H., a soldier in the Union
army, who died at the age of twenty-eight years, while home on furlough; Thomas
H., deceased; Orrin, and Ira, farmers of Middlebury township; William E., a farmer
and lumberman of Wisconsin; Emily, wife of Gibson Niles, of Delmar township,
and Marian A., wife of C. A. Goodwin, of Middelbury. Mrs. West died on May
30, 1881, aged seventy-two years.

Iea West was bom in Middlebury township, Tioga county, October 12, 1842,
the ninth child of Thomas M. and Emily West. He attended the common schools
of his neighborhood and worked at home until twenty-two years of age, and then
began working farms on shares, which business he continued up to 1880. In that
year he purchased the homestead farm, and cared for his parents during the re-
mainder of their lives. On March 6, 1865, Mr. West married Polly P., a daughter
of the late Nathan T. West, of Middlebury Center. She was born September 25,
1845, and is the mother of nine children, all of whom are living in Middlebury
township, viz: Ploretta, wife of J. M. Whitney; Ada B., wife of G. L. Niles; William
E., Alvira A., wife of Walter Ames; Dora M., Thomas H., Annetta P., Adrain C. and
Nathan T. Mrs. West is a member of the Free Will Baptist church, and both she
and her husband are connected with the P. of H. In politics, he is an independent
voter.

Nathan T. West was bom in Madison county. New York, in 1818, and was
about eleven years old when his parents, John and Polly West, came to Tioga
county. He remained on the home farm until nineteen years of age, when he pur-
chased the fajm now owned by his son, John E., then consisting of 103 acres of timber
land. He cleared and improved this property, and made it his home until his
father's death, when he purchased the interest of the other heirs in the old home-
stead and located upon it. He married Aurilla Niles, a daughter of Erastus Niles,
March 23, 1838. She was bom in Tioga township, March 19, 1821, and is the
mother of the following children: Adelbert, a farmer of Middlebury; John E., a
resident of the same township; Nathan B., a stonemason at Keeneyville; Polly P.,
wife of Ira West, of Middlebury; Edward W., of Parmington; Alfred C, who lives
in Middlebury township; Hobart P., a resident of Wellsboro; Aurilla A., wife of
George Eeynolds, of Chatham, and Eichaxd A., who lives near Jamestown, New
York. Mrs. West is a member of the Free Will Baptist church. Mr. West died
October 6, 1896, aged seventy-nine years. In polities, he was a stanch Democrat,
held aJl the township offices at different periods, and was one of the most substantial
farmers in the county.



BIOGHAPHICAL SKETCHES. 797



Adelbeet West, eldest child of Nathan T. West, was bom in Middlebury town-
ship, Tioga county, October 17, 1839. He attended the district schools in boyhood,
and worked on the home farm until 1863, when he purchased eighty-six acres of his
present farm and settled upon it. He followed farming five years, and then went to
Warren county, Pennsylvania, where he worked two years. Returning to his farm
in Middlebury, he has ever since devoted his attention to agriculture, with the ex-
ception of eighteen months spent in Warren county working for the Buffalo and
Warren Eailroad Company. He now owns 151 acres of well-improved land. Mr.
West was married in July, 1863, to Frances Cummings, a daughter of Dwight Cum-
mings, who bore him two children, viz: Adelbert D., a farmer of Middlebury, and
Kittie, wife of Frank Pease, of the same township. His second wife was Marian
L. Briggs, a daughter of William Briggs, of Warren county, Pennsylvania, whom he
married November 33, 1867. Four children have been bom to this union, viz:
Leon J., Loretta, Frederick W. and Eufus B. The family are members of the Free
Will Baptist church, and Mr. West and wife are connected with the Patrons of
Husbandry. In politics, he is an ardent Democrat.

John E. West, second son of Nathan T. West, was bom on his present farm
in Middlebury township, August 10, 1841. He attended the district schools in boy-
hood, and when twenty years of age began for himself by renting a portion of the
old homestead from his father, which he continued to doi for sixteen years. In
1870 he purchased thirty acres of land adjoining, to which he added a small tract
in 1875, and in 1876 bought from his father the seventy-eight acres he had been rent-
ing, also seventy-nine acres more, and in 1882 an additional forty acres. In 1888
he moved to Virginia, purchased a farm of 450 acres, and resided upon it three years.
Eetuming to Tioga county, he traded his "Virginia land for eighty-one acres adjoin-
ing his Middlebury farm, and now owns a well improved farm of 300 acres all in one
body. September 37, 1860, Mr. West married Martha Wormer, of Chatham town-
ship, who bore him one son, Nathan T., a farmer of Middlebury. Mrs. West died
May 14, 1865, aged twenty-four years. Mr. West was again married July 4, 1865, to
Olive I. Croft, a daughter of John M. Croft, of Chatham township. She was bom
October 26, 1847, and has had four children, viz: Minnie, wife of E. E. Goodwin, of
Deerfield; Nellie, who died at the age of four; John B., and Mildred E. Mr. and
Mrs. West are members of the Free Will Baptist church, and in politics, he is a
Democrat.

William Spaulding was bom in Hebron, New York, September 38, 1788.
Soon after his birth the family moved to Vermont, where his father died when William
was about four years old and he then went to live with a Mr. Taylor. He obtained
a common school education, and subsequently purchased a small farm in Vermont,
where he lived up to 1836. In that .year he came to Tioga county and bought a
piece of timber land in Chatham township, erected his cabin in the midst of the
primitive forest, and resided there until his death, November 9, 1863. His wife,
Mary Briggs, whom he married in Vermont, was born in Dummerston, Vermont,
December 4, 1790, and became the mother of thirteen children, as follows: Pris-
eilla, who died at the age of seventy-six; Seth B., who died at the age of sixty-six;
William, who died aged seventy years; Mary, aad Luther, both of whom died at the
age of seventy-five; John, a resident of Chatham township; Samuel, who died in



798 HISTORY OF TIOGA COUNTY.

early youth; Sem P., a farmer of Middlebury; S. Seymour, who died aged sixty-eight;
Hannah, widow of J. B. Brown; Faimie, wife of Milo Goodwin, of Middlebury; Laura,
wife of David H. Curtis, of Chatham, and Simeon. Mrs. Spaulding died February
19, 1886, at the remarkable age of nearly ninety-six years.

Sem p. Spaulding was born in Londonderry, Vermont, January 5, 1825,
eighth child of William and Mary Spaulding. He was eleven years old when his
parents came to Tioga county, and he worked on the homestead in Chatham township,
assisting his father to clear and improve it, until he was seventeen years old. He
then began working out as a farm hand and in the lumber woods, which he followed
a few years. At the end of this period he purchased a portion of his present farm,
now embracing 250 acres, where he has since resided, devoting his attention to
farming and lumbering. He married Susan E. Beckwith, a daughter of Sylvester
Beckwith, an early settler in Tioga borough, and later in Middlebury township. She
was bom in Tioga, Tioga county. May 38, 1835. Five children were bom to this
union, viz: Mary D., wife of George Vanderhoof, of Middlebury; George B., who
married Sarah Brigdon, and lives on a part of the old homestead; Sem P., who mar-
ried Annie Mosier, and also lives on a part of the home farm; William H., a cigar
maker of Wellsboro, who married Cassie Gaylord, of Mansfield, and Effie M., at
home. Mrs. Spaulding is a member of the First Baptist church, at Hammond. _ In
politics, the family are Eepublicans. Mr. Spaulding has served as school director
and supervisor, and is a successful farmer and an enterprising citizen. He is the
only one of the family that cared for the gun and rod, and he has been quite a
famous sportsman. His home is adorned with many trophies of the chase, in which
he takes much pride.

William Stakkey was born in the state of N"ew York, in 1787, there grew to
manhood and learned the carpenter's trade. About 1835 he came to Tioga county,
Pennsylvania, worked at his trade here a few years, and then bought a farm in Mid-
dlebiiry township. He cleared a portion of it, and resided there until his death,
November 14, 1851, aged sixty-four years. He married Mary E. Benjamin, who
bore him six children, viz: Harriet, deceased wife of Luther Washburn; Clarissa,
wife of Allen Daggett, of Southport, New York; Philena C, wife of William Barnes,
of Middlebury township; Samuel B., deceased; Eliza, wife of Erstine Ives, of Mid-
dlebury, and John, who resides at Middlebury Center. Mrs. Starkey died January
13, 1866, in the seventy-fourth year of her age.

John Staekey was bom in Allegany county, New York, February 33, 1830,
the youngest son of William Starkey. When twenty-one years of age he began for
himself on a rented farm, but at the end of one year he returned to his father's farm
and finished clearing it up and paying off the debt still due upon it when his father
died. There he remained up to 1868, in which year he removed to a farm he had
previously purchased at Middlebury Center, where he also acted as superintendent
of the tiimpike from Tioga to Wellsboro for sixteen years. He built and conducted
a general store at Middlebury Center for about ten years, and during his whole busi-
ness career has been actively engaged in lumbering. In 1888 he purchased the hotel
at that point, and moved into it the following year. In 1891 the building was
burned, but he immediately rebuilt and continued the business. Besides his hotel
property, Mr. Starkey owns over 1,000 acres of land in Tioga county, and also a



BIOGKAPHICAL SKETCHES. 799



property in Wellsboro, all of which he has accumulated by untiring industry and
careful management. He is to-day one of the largest property owners in Middle-
bury township, as well as one of its most successful business men. Mr. Starkey
was married January 18, 1859, to Caroline Palmer, a daughter of Lemuel M. and
Eunice E. (Storer) Palmer, of Rutland township. She was born in Tioga codnty,
March 37, 1839, the fourth in a family of seven children. To Mr. and Mrs.
Starkey have been bom eight children, viz: Addie V., wife of Truman E. Carpenter,
of Charleston township; Jennie M., wife of Judson H. Stephens, of Middlebury;
Prank W., a merchant of Middlebury Center, who married Anna L. Dennison, of
Charleston township, and has two children, Maude and George W.; Angle H., de-
ceased; Emma S., wife of George N. Shaff, of Belmont, New York; Anna L., deceased;
Fred L., and Nellie E., wife of Byron E. Churchill, of Middlebury township. In poli-
ties, Mr. Starkey is a liberal Eepublican, and is recognized as one of the substantial
citizens of Tioga county.

Olivee Bhiggs, a native of New England, came from Tioga county. New
York, to Tioga county, Pennsylvania, in 1834, and located in Middlebury township,
on the farm now owned by his son, A. B. A. Briggs. Here he followed farming to
the time of his death. He was twice married. His first wife, Lydia Hoag, bore
him three children, viz: Jacob, deceased; Elizabeth, widow of Perry Gage, of Jack-
son township, and Ebenezer H., a farmer of Middlebury. Mrs. Briggs died in 1830,
and he was again married, to Betsey E. Edwards. Eight children were bom to
this union, viz: Edward and Lydia A., both deceased; Ira, a farmer of Middlebury;
Clarissa, Walter, Louisa and Oliver, all deceased, and A. B. A., who lives on the
old homestead, where the parents died.

Iea Beiggs was bom in Spencer, Tioga county. New York, October 1, 1839, and
is the oldest living child of Oliver and Betsey E. Briggs. He was five years old
when his parents came to this county. Here he grew to maturity, attended the dis-
trict schools in boyhood, and assisted in the duties on the farm. When nineteen
years of age he went to work for his brother, Jacob, with whom he remained four
years, and then purchased a portion of his present farm from the Bingham estate.
Eight years later he purchased an adjoining tractfrom his brother, Jacob, making
a farm of 146 acres, on which he has resided up to the present, devoting his at-
tention to agricultural pursuits. Mr. Briggs was married in March, 1853, to
Margaret A. Morrell, second daughter of Stephen Morrell, of Jackson township, -^th
whom he lived about twelve yeai-s, and was then legally separated. On January 1,
1871, he married Ermina M. Conley, second daughter of Jacob Conley, to which
union were bom five children, viz: Bert J.,Ettie May, who married A. B. Pish, March
7, 1896; Eosa Nell, wife of Homer P. Cloos; Jennie Y. and Mattie B., all of whom
aj-e living. The family attend the Baptist church. Beginning in life without a
dollar, he has accumulated through the passing yeajs a good property, and has been
fairiy successful in his business affairs. He taught music from 1868 to 1871, and
the family possess considerable musical talent. In polities, Mr. Briggs is a Ee-
publican.

Samuel A. Cady, a native of Jasper, New York, born March 15, 1810, was
the fourth m a family of five children born to Abel Cady, viz: Michael Daniel
Manassa, Samuel A. and Esther. He received a common school education,' but was



800 HISTORY OE TIOGA COUNTY.

only four years old when his father died, and was compelled to make his own living
from early boyhood. When twenty-five years of age he bought the Cady farm in
Middlebury township, Tioga county, where he followed agriculture until his death,
March 22, 1881. He was postmaster of Chatham Valley for a number of years,
also at Holiday for two years, was an active Democrat, and one of the best business
men in his section. In religion, he was an Adventist. On March 3, 1832, Mr.
Cady married AdaHne Cole, a daughter of Sala Cole, who was bom in Vermont,
March 3, 1815. Four children were bom to this union, viz: Charlotte M., wife of
Dennis Andrews; Celestia M., wife of Edward A. Keeler; Wesley P., who enlisted in
Company G, Two Hundred and Seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was killed
in the charge on Port Mahone, in front of Petersburg, April 2, 1865, in the twenty-
sixth year of his age, leaving a widow and two daughters, the former now the wife of
M. B. Brown, of Lawrence township; and Sala V. Mrs. Cady died on December 26,
1874.

Sala V. Cady, youngest child of Samuel A. Cady, was bom on his present
farm in Middlebury township, Tioga county, July 18, 1851, was reared on the home-
stead, and worked in the lumber woods during the winter seasons. He was married
November 8, 1882, to Jane N. Clark, a daughter of Albert Clark, of Chatham town-
ship, and has one child, Leo I^etto, born April 3, 1884. In politics, Mr. Cady is
a stanch Democrat, and is recognized as one of the progressive farmers of his
native township, where he owns a well-improved farm of 137 acres, a part of it
having belonged to the old Cady homestead.

Alexadee a. McLean was bom in Yates county, New York, November 3,
1814, and learned the blacksmith's trade at Dresden, where he served an apprentice-
ship of five years. In 1832, when but eighteen years of age, he came to Tioga
county, Pennsylvania, and worked for three years as foreman of a blacksmith shop
in Tioga village. He then moved to Middlebury Center and carried on a shop for
some ten years, at the end of which time he went to Indiana and remained in that
state up to 1860. Eeturning to Tioga county, he established a shop at Hammond,
and continued blaeksmithing imtil 1880, when he retired from active business and
was succeeded by his son, John A. Mr. McLean married Mary J. Potter, a daughter
of Henry H. Potter. She was bom October 25, 1820, and became the mother of



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