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Inscho's father resides at Mill Creek, Tioga township; her mother died March 17,
1892, aged seventy years. The family are members of the Baptist church, and in
polities, Mr. Inscho is a Prohibitionist, and stands high in the respect and esteem of
the community in which he lives.

Alvah C. BtrsH was bom in Bainbridge, New York, November 13, 1804, on
the place originally located by his father and now owned by his youngest brother,
Hon. Joseph Bush. His parents, Joseph and Betsey (Strong) Bush, were pioneers
of Chenango county. New York, the first house in Bainbridge having been erected
by his grandfather, Elnathan Bush. Alvah C. early displayed great energy and a
decided preference for an active business career. At the age of twenty-two he
embarked in merchandising and lumbering, and by enterprise, industry and the
exercise of good judgment his ventures proved successful. Desirous of finding a
more favorable field of operation, he spent the years of 1830 and 1831 in traveling
over the West, and in the latter year located in Tioga, Pennsylvania. Here in part-
nership with his brother, Jabin S., he engaged in merchandising and lumbering
on an extensive scale, and through his untiring energy became one of the leading
business men of Tioga county. About 1872 he began operating in Wall street,
New York, his ventures there also proving successful and adding to his reputation
as an able and sagacious financier. During the last fourteen yeajs of his life he
and his wife spent their winters in New York City and their summers in Tioga.
His Tioga residence was erected in 1841, and is one of the ideal homes of the county,
as well as one of the landmarks of the borough. Mr. Bush was married in March,


1831, to Ellen Bigelow, a daughter of the late Hon. Levi Bigelow, and a native of
Bainbridge, Chenango county, New York, whO' came to Tioga about 1850. During
his lifetime Mr. Bigelow occupied a number of positions of trust and honor, among
them that of judge of the circuit court. Mrs. Bush died December 3, 1831, leaving
an infant daughter, now Mrs. John A. Mathews, of Winona, Minnesota. He mar-
ried for his second wife her sister, Anna Bigelow, also a sister of Mrs. Frederick
E.. Smith;, of Tioga. Mr. Bush was a Democrat, in politics, but never sought or
held office, although he took a citizen's interest in public matters. He was fore-
mosti in every movement or enterprise calculated to promote the growth and pros-
perity of the borough. In 1873 he established Bush Park, on the hillside east of
town, as- a free pleasure resort for the ptiblic. He was known as a targ&-hearted,
public-spirited man; thoroughly practical in all business matters; untiring in
energy, and well informed upon everything relating to the commercial interests of
the country.. In his reading and studies he kept pace with the advanced thought
of the day. Mr. Bush died on October 14, 1880, after an earnest and useful life of
seventy-six years. His widow survived until August 11, 1895. She was a woman
of culture and refined tastes, whose kindly acts, unostentatiously performed, gave
her a high place in the esteem and regard of all within the circle of her acquaintance.
Fbedbhick Emeeson Smith was born at Amherst, Hampshire county, Massa-
chusetts; Ifovember 15, 1822. His father was Samuel Smith, whose ancestors landed
in this country, at the mouth of the Connecticut river, about 1635, and thence found
their way upward and settled along upon its banks. His mother, Mary (Hastings)
Smith, was- a daughter of Thomas Hastings, a Eevolutionary soldier, the fourth
bearing that name in direct descent from Deacon Thomas Hastings, an emigrant
from Ipswich, England, in the year 1634, and through him the family lineage runs
back to a younger brother of Sir Henry Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, a grandson
of Lord William Hastings, a Yorkist Nobleman, bom in 1430, the family being one
of the extremely few in England that can trace their pedigree as far back as even
the Fourteenth century. Hastings, one of the Cinque Ports, still shows the remains
of its castle, where William the Conqueror lodged before the decisive battle of
Hastings, October 14, 1066, in which he defeated the English under Harold and
overthrew the Saxon dynasty. Mr. Smith removed with his parents during boy-
hood to Marion, New York, where he prepared for college at the Marion Collegiate
Institute. In September, 1840, he entered the sophomore class in Union College,
Sohenectady, New York, and graduated Math honors from that institution in July,
1844. When in college he was a Delta Phi, and was graduated with the honor of
Phi Beta Kappa. In the same graduating class were James C. Duane, afterwards
brigadier-general of the United States army, and chief engineer of the Army of
the Potomac; Alexander H. Eice, ex-member of Congress and governor of Massa-
chusetts for three terms, and Frederick Townsend, adjutant general of New York,
and brigadier-general in the United States army. After graduation Mr. Smith was
principal of Wolcott Academy, Wolcott, New York, for one year, and of the Academy
at Clyde, New York, for the same length of time. Upon retiring from the princi-
palship of the latter seat of learning, he commenced the study of law with Hon.
Chauneey F. Clark, of Wolcott, New York. He removed to Tioga, Pennsylvania,
in 1846, completing his law studies with Hon. John W. Guernsey, of Tioga, and


was admitted to the bar of Tioga county in 1849, to the supreme court of Pennsyl-
Tania in 1853, and to the United States courts in 1865. In 1849 he formed a co-part-
nership with Hon. Charles H. Seymour of Tioga, in the practice of law, which asso-
ciation continued until 1853. On June 14, 1853, Mr. Smith was married to Stella
F. Bigelow, of Tioga, the youngest daughter of the late Judge Levi Bigelow.

In early life Mr. Smith was a Democrat, but became a Republican upon the
organization of that party, of which: he' was one of the founders. He ever after
took an active and prominent part in ..-sustaining and defending the principles
enunciated by the Eepublican party aridralways had the courage of his convictions.-
In 1856 he was elected a presidential electorion the Fremont ticket and served with
distinction, doing all in his power for the success of that ticket. In 1860 he was
elected a presidential elector on the Lincoln; ticket. During the dark days of the
Eebdlion, when the glorious Union seemed destined to be torn asunder, Mr. Smith
sustained the Union cause with a fidelity an'd courage only equaled by the brave
soldiers at the front, whose friend he ever was, contributing freely of his time and
money in defense of the flag. In 1865 he was appointed a United States commis-
sioner, which office he held until his death. In 1867 he was appointed United
States register in bankruptcy for the Eighteenth (now the Sixteenth) district, which
ofSee he held until the repeal of that law, serving with distinction and having before
him many important cases from both his own and other districts in the State. On
June 13, 1879, he formed a partnership with Horace and Samuel W. Pomeroy, of
Troy, Pennsylvania, in the well known banlring house of Pomeroy Brothers & P.
E. Smith, at Blossburg, the firm continuing under the same name until July 8,
1895, when it was succeeded by the Miners National Bank of Blossburg. In De-
cember, 1883, when the banking house of B. C. Wickham & Company, of Tioga,
failed, Mr. Smith was appointed one of the assignees. Considering the resoiirees
of that defunct house the affairs were executed in a manner that reflected much
credit on his business ability. Mr. Smith was a prominent Mason, being first a
member of Painted Post Lodge, No. 117, and afterwards one of the organizers of
the present Tioga Lodge, No. 373, P. & A. M., of Tioga, chartered October 16, 1866.
He was also a thirty-second degree member of the Supreme Council Ancient Ac-
cepted Scottish Eite of Free Masonery, Coming Consistory, of Corning, New York;
a member of Wellsboro Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., and a charter member and first Noble
Grand of Adelphic Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., of Tioga, organized October 8, 1847. He
was also one of the trustees of Union College, his alma mater, and always took a
deep interest in the cause of education.

Mr. Smith was an able lawyer, at the bar or in the office, well grounded in the
principles of law, and had few superiors in northern Pennsylvania as an orator or
pubhe speaker. He possessed in a high degree the necessary qualifications of the
wise counsellor, successful lawyer and safe financier. Conscientious, just and
equitable in all his dealings, and endowed with fine legal and literary attainments,
lie won a well-deserved reputation at the bar. He took much pleasure in collecting
rare and valuable books and had one of the best literary and law libraries in the
State. Possessing an upright and honorable nature, he required and demanded the
same standard of honor from others. The young sought him for advice, and he
was ever ready to assist them and point out for their guidance the higher and nobler


aims of life. His public spirit, liberality and charity were always up to the fullest
measure, and he was ever ready to give his support to every undertaking that had
for its object the up-building of Tioga or the welfare and prosperity of its citizens.
He was a polished, genial and courteous gentleman, a loving husband, a kind father
and faithful friend. Mr. Smith died at his beautiful home in Tioga, on October
8, 1889, after an illness of but a few days. His widow and three sons survive him.
Alvah Lee Smith is president of the Miners National Bank, of Blossburg; Fred-
erick Bigelow Smith is an attorney at Tioga, and a representative in the state legis-
lature, and Dr. William Clive Smith, a physician at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.

Alvah Lee Smith, president of the Miners National Bank of Blossburg, is
the eldest son of Frederick Emerson Smith, and was bom at Tioga, Pennsylvania,
May 15, 1855. He was educated in the schools of his native town, and in 1871
entered the State Normal School at Mansfield, remaining there two years, when
he went to New York City to enter the preparatory schools for Columbia College.
In 1876 he commenced the study of law in his father's office, but instead of seeking
admission to the bar he decided to pursue a business career. On June 13, 1879,
he entered the banking house of Pomeroy Brothers & F. B. Smith, at Blossburg,
as book-keeper, and in September of the same year was appointed cashier and gen-
eral manager of that institution. In July, 1895, he re-organized the busiaess and
established the Miners National Bank, which succeeded the old firm, of which he
became cashier. The duties of this responsible position he discharged for seventeen
years with such ability and fidelity as to •gain for him a well-earned reputation as
a capable and conservative financier, careful alike of the interests of the institution
under his charge and of its patrons and depositors. On January 12, 1897, he was
elected president of the bank, as the successor of S. W. Pomeroy, deceased. So-
cially, Mr. Smith is a gentleman of culture, of easy manners and approachable by
anyone. He is much interested in art, and his fine apartments over the bank are
filled with rare works of vertu, such as costly etchings, oil paintings, statuettes, India
ink engravings, costly rugs, vases and bric-a-brac. He is a dii'ector in the Miners
National Bank, and a member of the City Club of Elmtra, and the Knickerbocker
Yacht Club, of New York. He is also resident agent of many of the leading life
and fire insurance companies. In politics, Mr. Smith is an ardent Eepublican, and
in religion, a member of St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal church, of Tioga. In
March, 1897, he was appointed a member of the board of trustees of the Cottage
State Hospital at Blossburg — an appropriate recognition of his prominence in the

Feedebick Bigelow- Smith, attomey-at-law, was bom at Tioga, Pennsyl-
vania, April 3, 1863, and is the second son of Frederick Emerson Smith. He was
educated in the High School of Tioga, and entered the Kinne and Cascidilla pre-
paratory schools at Ithaca, New York, in 1879, and Cornell University, in Septem-
ber, 1881. After a course at Cornell he began the study of law in his father's
office; entered the law department of Columbia College, New York City, in 1886,
and graduated therefrom in 1888, with the degree of A. B. He was admitted to
the bar of Tioga county in 1888, and to the supreme court of Pennsylvania in 1893.
For nearly a year after his graduation he was employed in the recorder's ofiice at
Wellsboro indexing the records of that office, having been appointed by the court


to do that work. In October, 1889, he began the practice of his profession at Tioga,
and is now recognized as one of the rising young lawyers of the county, haying
many important estates in his hands for settlement. Mr. Smith possesses high
hterary attainments, and takes a groat interest in the welfare and business pros-
perity of his town, of which he has been secretary for a number of years. He is a
member of Tioga Lodge, No. 373, P. & A. M., and of Tyagaghton Commandery,
No. 28, K. T., of Wellsboro. He is a director in the Miners National Bank of
Blossburg, and local agent at Tioga of the leading fire and life insurance companies.
He is also a member of the City Club of Elmira, and City Club, of Coming, New
York. In religion, he is a member of St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal church
of Tioga, and a vestryman in that body. Politically a steadfast Eepublican, he takes
an active interest in promoting the success of his party. Mr. Smith was nominated
for the legislature in the spring of 1896 and was elected in November following
by the usual party majority.

William Clive Smith, M. D., third and youngest son of Frederick Emerson
Smith, was born at Tioga, Pennsylvania, April 18, 1868. He attended the High
School of his native town, and in 1886 entered Exeter Academy, at Exeter, New
Hampshire, and remained there for two years. In October, 1888, he entered the
University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, and spent two years at that institution. In
1890 he entered the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania, at
Philadelphia, where he graduated in 1893 with the title of M. D. After graduation
he became resident physician of the City Hospital at Pittston, remaining there
four months, at the end of which period he became resident physician of the City
Hospital at Wilkes-Barre, which position he filled one year, leaving there to become
resident physician of the Nursery and Childs Hospital, in New York City, devoted
entirely to children under four years of age and having over 400 beds. In Novem-
ber, 1895, Dr. Smith located at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, but still retains his
old liking for Tioga and his native county. Dr. Smith has been very successful
in his profession, has had a large hospital experience in surgical cases and children's
diseases, and is a rising young physician. He is a member of the Luzerne County
Medical Society, and the Westmoreland and Country Clubs, of Wilkes-Barre; also
of Tioga Lodge, No. 373, F. & A. M., and of the Psi Upsilon fraternity of the Uni-
versity of Michigan and University of Pennsylvania, and the Psi Upsilon Club of
New York.

EoBEET Bkuce Smith, physician and surgeon, son of Eussell N. and Caroline
(Sessions) Smith, was bom at Marathon, Cortland county. New York, August 23,
1840. His paternal ancestry was of Holland-Dutch descent. There is a tradition
in the family that its ancestors in this country accompanied Henry Hudson on his
famous voyage of discovery, in 1609, and that two brothers, Nicholas and Jacob
Smith, returned to the New World a few years later and established homes on the
Hudson river, in the vicinity of Albany, then Fort Orange. There is in possession
of the family a large iron-bound chest which tradition relates accompanied Hudson
on the voyage of the Half Moon. This story is doubtless a myth, but the chest is
certainly of extreme age and probably was brought from Europe at an early date.
It is a matter of conjecture whether the ancestors of the Smith family were Dutch
or English, but a long residence among the Dutch settlers of the Hudson river


imbued the family with Dutch ciistoms, manners and traditions. The first authen-
ticated record of this line of the Smith family, is that Jacob Smith was living in
Albany county, ISTew York, in the middle of the last century, and that he died there
about the year 1794. Among other ancient and curious papers foimd in the old
chest, was a bond and deed executed to Jacob Smith, bearing date 1767, to which
was affixed the royal seal of King George III, of England. Jacob Smith had four
sons, viz: Meholas, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, who was bom at
Albany, New York, in 1768; Hendriek, born at the same place in 1773, and two
others who were carried off by the Indians and kept in captivity seven years before
being restored to their parents. In 1795 Nicholas and Hendriek, accompanied by
their mother, removed to Upper Lisle, Broome county. New York, where Meholas
became the owner of a large amount of land and a prosperous sheep grower. Here
he continued to reside until his death, in 1852.

Eussell N. Smith, the second child of Nicholas and Elizabeth (Cornell)
Smith, was born in Lisle, Broome county. New York, in 1813. He was an extensive
land owner, and was noted for his honesty, industry and thrift. He married Caro-
line Sessions, a descendant of Samuel Sessions, a native of Wantage, England, and
a member of the King's Body Guard. Samuel came to America in 1630, with Gov.
Thomas Dudley, as farmer of his estate, and settled in Massachusetts. The ancestry
can be traced in an unbroken chain to Caroline Sessions, who was born in IJnion,
Tolland county, Connecticut, February 20, 1815. She married Russell N. Smith,
at Marathon, about 1837, and became the mother of three children, viz: Charles,
who died in infancy; Robert Bruce, a physician of Tioga, Pennsylvania, and
Elbert Burke, of Lexington, Nebraska. Russell N. Smith died in Cortland county,
New York, March 7, 1881. His wife, Caroline, died October 25, 1888.

The subject of this sketch spent his early years on his fathers farm in Cortland
county. New York. His primary education was acquired at the district schools
of the neighborhood, and he later attended Oxford Academy, Oxford, New York,
in which institution he graduated at the age of sixteen. He then began to teach
in the schools of his native county, and at the age of nineteen entered the sophomore
class of Union College in Schenectady, remaining there until the close of the
junior year, in 1861. The war spirit was strongly felt at Union College, which
contained about one hundred Southern students, who left in a body at the first
outbreak of hostilities. The majority of the Northern students and some of the
professors enlisted in the Union service. Among the former was Robert B. Smith,
who abandoned his studies and enlisted as a lieutenant in the Sixteenth New York
Independent Battery, which command at once proceeded to the front. The Six-
teenth Battery was attached to the Eighteenth Army Corps, and served in the
Armies of the Potomac and the James. For good service Lieutenant Smith was
transferred by order of General Butler to the command of Battery P, Krst Rhode
Island Light Artillery, which command he filled until the expiration of his term
of three years' service. He then returned to his home and began the study of medi-
cine under Dr. S. H. French, of Lisle, New York. In 1866 he graduated at Long
Island College Hospital, with the degree of M. D., and immediately afterwards
married Ellen A., a daughter of William Vrooman Share, of Lisle, New York.
Mrs. Smith is descended from one of the oldest Dutch families in the United


States. Prior to 1670 three brothers by the name of Vrooman came to this country
from Holland, one of whom, Hendrick Meese Vrooman, settled at Schenectady,
New York, in 1677. The family has figured prominently in the Colonial history
of New York state. At the Schenectady Massacre, on the night of February 9,
1690, two of the family were killed and three carried captives to Canada. The
fifth in descent from the original settler was William Vrooman Share, bom May
29, 1816; he married Lucetta Dunbar Hine, February 7, 1838, and died on January
29, 1861. Their only daughter, Ellen A. Share, was born at Lafayette, New York,
April 13, 1840, and was married to Dr. Eobert Bruce Smith, August 2, 1866.

Dr. Smith removed to Tioga, Pennsylvania, the year of his maxriage, and pur-
chased property on Broad street, which continues as the family residence up to
the present. Dr. Smith has three children, viz: Winifred, born August 13, 1868,
who graduated from Elmira College in the class of 1891, was preceptress of the
Wellsboro High School for two years, and has also taken a post-graduate course at
Yale College; Charles Eussell, born September 20, 1870, who graduated from
Union College, Schenectady, New York, in the class of 1894, and is now pursuing
a course in medicine in the University of Pennsylvania, and George Vrooman,
bom May 10, 1874, who was also a member of the class of 1894 at Union College,
and is now a law student at Yale. George V. has a decided talent for archaeological
research, and possesses one of the most interesting and valuable individual collec-
tions of Indian relics in this section of Pennsylvania. On coming to Tioga Dr.
Smith entered immediately upon the practice of his profession, which he has pur-
sued with marked success for the past thirty years, being now the senior practicing
physician in Tioga borough. In 1883 Union College conferred upon him the degree
of M. A. Aside from his prominence and success as a physician, Dr. Smith is also
recognized as one of the foremost citizens of Tioga county. He is a stanch Demo-
crat, unswerving in his adherence to the principles of his party, and a man of wide
influence in the community. In 1878 he was the Democratic nominee for Con-
gress in this district, and proved himself an able and eflEective campaigner. The
Eepublican majority of the district was, however, too large for him to overcome,
and his opponent was elected. Dr. Smith has established a fair reputation as a
public speaker, having spoken on many prominent occasions, paxtieularly during
commemorative exercises of days and events connected with the Eebellion. He
is recognized as an authority on expert medical testimony, and his long experience
as a physician and surgeon has made his presence of great value in consultation.
He is one of the consulting surgeons of the Cottage State Hospital, at Blossburg,
and was president of the board of pension examiners of Tioga county about three
years. He has been burgess of Tioga for two terms, and has repeatedly served as
eouncilman and school director of the borough. As president of the board of
health, he has been efficient in promoting the excellent sanitary condition of the
town. Dr. Smith is a member of Etz Post, No. 401, G. A. E., and is also Master
of Tioga Lodge, No. 373, F. & A. M. He has been closely identified with the
growth of Tioga, and on all occasions contributed liberally towards the social and
material development of the community.

William Lowell, a son of Dajilel A. and Mary Lowell, was born October 21,
1804, and obtained a common school education. His father was a hatter and he


also learned that trade. Early in the thirties his parents, his brother Martin and
himself, and Thomas and Herbert HolHs, came from Bainbridge, New York, to
the village of Tioga, Tioga cotmty, Pennsylvania. They were all hatters, and
erected for their business place the main building now occupied by Paul EIraiss'
furniture store. On February 7, 1832, Mr. Lowell married Eebecca Preston. She
was bom May 31, 1810, and became the mother of four children, viz: Orlando B.,
David A., May A. and "William A., all of whom are dead. Mr. Lowell worked as
a hatter until he purchased the old Goodrich Hotel, which he carried on for a num-
ber of years. Shortly before his death, which occurred April 3, 1848, he sold out
and retired. He was appointed postmaster of Tioga in 1846 and held the oifice
until 1848. His wife died June 7, 1852.

Oelando B. Lowell, eldest son of William and Eebecca Lowell, was bom
in Tioga, Pennsylvania, November 28, 1832. He was educated in the common

Online LibraryEmanuel SwedenborgHistory of Tioga County, Pennsylvania → online text (page 136 of 163)