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in his office. During his term the funds for ordinary cxih'iisi-s and for redeeming two
and a half millions of the funded debt and the purchase of three and a half millions of
government 4s for the sinking fund were provided. The annual reports of Auditor
General Niles were model state papers, and his last annual report contains a statement
covering banl<8 and banking which attracted much attention and excited comment on its
publieation. During his term he suggested many reforms, recommended the repeal of
defective laws and, as before stated, was largely instrumental in the framing of the
law of IBS."), by which the taxable basis of money capital was augmented one hundred and
fifty per cent.

In 1890 he received nearly the entire vote of Tioga county for the Republican
congiDssional nomination in the Sixteenth district, but the nomination was given
to Clinton county. In 181)2 this county again sent him to the legislature, and at
the session of 1893 he introduced the bill to equalize taxation and was prominent
in putting it in proper shape and advoeatiiip its passage. He was re-elected in
1894 and was an active participant in tlie debates of the long session of 189'i, and
strongly advocated the jiassaj,^' of the apportionment bills. In addition to his long
legislative career, (Jcneral Xiles has devoted iinremittini: attention to his large legal
practice. For many years he was counsel for the county commissioners. He also
represents large real estate interests, prominent among them being the Dent and
Bingham estates, and the Pennsylvania Joint Land and Lumber Company. He has
a well fitted office in WcUsboro, which is filled with a larj^e and valuable library.

General Xik's was married .luly 18, 1858, to Phoebe Ann Toles, a daugliter of
Ransler Toles, and lias three children: Aaron R., Alfred J., and Anna. The
family are I'lesliyterians. and ^Ir. Xiles is a K. T. in the Masonic order, and also a
iiienibcr of the I. 0. 0. V.



168 HISTOET OF TIOGA COUNTY.



Hon. Moktimee P. Elliott, eldest son of Col. N. A. Elliott, of Mansfield, was
born at Cherry Flats, Tioga county, September 24, 1840, and was educated in the
common schools and at Alfred University, in Allegany county, N"ew York. On his
return from school he commenced the study of law under Hon. James Lowrey
and Hon. Stephen P. Wilson, of Wellsboro, and was admitted to the bar June 3,
1862. At the time of his admission the Tioga bar possessed a strong array of
able lawyers, but not in the least daunted he opened an office and entered the legal
arena. His close application to business and his power as an advocate before a jury
soon won for him a wide reputation and a large practice. Such a favorable im-
pression did he make upon the people of the county, that he was selected as the
Democratic candidate for president judge in 1871, and ran against Hon. Henry W.
"Williams. Although the Eepublican majority was large, he reduced it several
thousand votes and gave Judge Williams a close race for the office. In 1873 he was
elected a member of the Constitutional Convention and served with credit in that
distinguished body. At the Democratic State Convention of 1883 he was nomi-
nated for congressman-at-large, much against his will, and even after his name had
been withdrawn by his order; but the times seemed to require his acceptance and he
yielded to the popular demand of his party. He made the race and was elected, and
served in the Forty-eighth Congress with great credit to himself and the State at
large. In 1890 he was nominated by his party for Congress, to represent the Six-
teenth district, and, though the district was largely Republican, he came within
fifty-one votes of defeating A. C. Hopkins, his Republican opponent. Soon after
this he accepted a position as attorney for the Standard Oil Company, since which
time his headquarters have been at Oil City, Pennsylvania, though he also spends
a portion of his time at the office of the company in New York City.

Mr. Elliott possessed marked natural ability for the profession of the law, which
has been highly trained and developed by many years of rigid application and success-
ful practice. He has pursued its study with devotion and has attained a prominent
place in the legal arena of his native State. While a resident of Wellsboro his
practice extended into many of the adjoining counties, where his great strength as
an advocate, both in criminal and civil cases, was fully recognized by his con-
temporaries. To the logical faculty, he adds the persuasive, and is equally strong
at the counsel table and in the trial room. His arguments are terse and epigramatic,
or discursive, as the cause and occasion may seem to require, and whether addressed to
the court or jury, are strong, clear and convincing. As a lawyer, his strongest traits
of character are his honesty, persistent industry and capacity for work; his sound
knowledge of the law; his good judgment of men and facts; his great tact and
power as an advocate before the jury, and his logical presentation of a legal proposi-
tion to the court. A client who secures the services of Mr. Elliott never gets a
half-hearted support. When he enters into a legal contest all his energies are given
to the cause of his client, and when he wins a victory he never clamors for extreme
measures against the defeated side. He is considered by his old associates at the
bar of Tioga county as one of the best all-round lawyers in Pennsylvania.
Mr. Elliott married Miss Sarah J. Merrick, a daughter of Israel Merrick, Jr., and
sister of Major George W. Merrick, of Wellsboro. Though naturally proud of the
high place he has attained and the success he has won in his chosen profession, he




Eng'o-^o ^y^ RI».o« K Sefw ^fytut.




THE BENCH AND BAB. 169



is nevertheless the same plain, unpretentious and affable gentleman as before. Mr.
Elliott is one of the most popular citizens of his native county, and his success and
eminence as a lawyer are referred to with pride by the companions of his boyhood
days.

NoEMAN H. Kyax, spelled by the other members of the family "Ryon," was
born in Lawrence township, Tioga county, December 1, 1839, a son of Samuel Ryon,
a sketch of whom appears in this work. He was educated in the common schools
and at Lawrenceville Academy, subsequently took a collegiate preparatory course at
Genesee Wesleyan Seminary, Lima, New York, and spent three years at Genesee
College, where he won the prize for the best declamation. In 1860 he graduated
from Union College, Schenectady, New York, in full classical course, which com-
pleted his education. Returning to Tioga county he began the study of law
with Lowrey & Wilson, of Wellsboro, later .studied with Hon. John
W. Guernsey, of Tioga, and was admitted to the bar April 4, 1863. In
December, 1864, he located in practice at Amboy, Lee county. Illinois, where he
continued in the active duties of his profession until the sprinjr of 1878. During
this period he filled the offices of city attorney and prosecuting attorney of the city
court of Amboy. From 1870 to 1872 he served in the Illinois legislature from the
Eighty-fifth district, the first after the adoption of the new eonstitution, which
codified and remodeled the laws of the State. In 1878 he was |iresi(iential elector,
on the Republican ticket, of the Fourtli congressional district of Illinois, and
stumped the district for his party. For eiplit years he reprcsenteij that district in
the State Republican committee. In the sjirin^' of 1H78 he removed to Bloomington,
Illinois, and practiced there until the spring: of IKS'.', lifrliting his way to a front
place at the bar. The malarial climate of Illinois seriously affected his health and
he returned to his old home in Lawrenceville, where he remained a few years re-
cuperating his shattered constilntion. During this time he familiarized himself
with the laws and practice of Pennsylvania and then located in Wellsboro, where
he has since enjoyed a lucrative practice. Mr. Ryan was married .\ugust 16, 1S65,
to Elizabeth Mclntyrc, of Elbridge, New York, and has two children, Stella M. and
Frank W.

Jefferson Hahhison, a native of Wellsboro, was bom July 24, 1838. His
father, William Harrison, came from New Jersey to Wellsboro in 1833. Mr. Har-
rison received his education in the common sehools and the "Old Academy," so
fondly remembered by the older inhabitants of the borough. He read law under
the direction of Hon. Henry Sherwood, commencing in 18i;2, and was admitted to
the bar in 18(!4. He at once entered on his profession, which he has followed up
to the i)resent time. He is secretary and treasurer of the Wellsboro Water Company
and takes a deej) interest in that important publie improvement. He has also been
connected with the Pine Creek Railway t'omimny for many years, and in January,
1897. succeeded the late Hon. Henry Sherwood as president of that company.

Ci.ahk W. Re.vch was born in Dryden, New York, June 29, 1S29. He studied
law under Hon. Henry Sherwood and was admitted to practice in 1865. He located
at Westfield. where he has since practiced his profession.

Frank W. Clark was bom in Richmond townshii>. Tioga county, .Vupust 21,
1839, a .son of Elijah Pincheon and Fanny (lltzgeraUl) CTark. and grandson of



170 HISTOBT OF TIOGA COTJNTY.



Elijah and Lydia (Mixter) Clark. He was reared in his native township, and re-
ceived his education in the public schools of Mansfield, Wellsboro High School, and
Mansfield Classical Seminary. He spent the summer of 1863 in the west with his
invalid brother, Daniel E., remaining with him until his death. In the early part
of 1864 he commenced the study of law under Hon. Henry Sherwood, of Wellsboro,
with whom he remained two years. Upon his admission to the bar, in 1866, he
located in Mansfield, where he has since resided and practiced his profession. Mr.
Clark was married September 9, 1875, to Lelia S. Cole, a daughter of Alston J. and
Mary B. (Adams) Cole, of Mansfield, who has borne him two children, viz: Fanny
and Julia Genevieve. In politics, Mr. Clark is a Democrat, and has been quite active
in promoting the interests of his party. He has served as chairman and secretary
of the Democratic county committee for several years, and has been the nominee of
his party for the legislature, and twice for district attorney. He has filled various
municipal offices, has been a trustee of the State Normal School, and for the past
three years has been borough attorney and secretary of the council. He is also
president of the Mansfield Hook and Ladder Company. In religion he is a Presby-
terian. Mr. Clark is not only a prominent and successful lawyer, but one of the
progressive and public-spirited citizens of Mansfield.

John Willaed Adams, only living child of William and Euth Ann Adams,
and grandson of Capt. Lyman Adams, was born in Tioga township, Tioga county,
February 8, 1843, and was about tv/elve years old when his parents removed to
Mansfield. He received a good education, studied law with his father and the late
Henry Allen, and was admitted to practice in JSTovember, 1867. Mr. Adams was
married April 37, 1868, to Marian A. Vincent, who has borne him three children,
viz: Euth 0., Edna Lou, and Edith, who died in infancy. Euth graduated at the
State Normal School in the class of 1889, and Edna in that of 1893. Euth married
Arthur G. Brown, of Elmira, New York, and has one son, John Willard Adams, born
January 6, 1893. In politics Mr. Adams is a Eepublican, and takes an active interest
in public affairs. He is a stockholder in, and has been a trustee of, the State Normal
School and has always been a friend of education. During the past twenty-nine
years he has built up a lucrative practice, has been quite successful in his profession,
and is one of the leading members of the bar of his native county.

Waltee Sheewood was born in Knoxville, Tioga county, Pennsylvania, No-
vember 31, 1843, and is the only child of the late Hon. Henry Sherwood, for many
years one of the best known citizens of Tioga county. His parents removed to
Wellsboro when Walter was three years old, where he received a common school and
academical education. He taught the primary department in the Wellsboro
Academy one year, and was then made principal of the Wellsboro High School, which
position he filled one year. During this time he studied law in his father's office,
and at the end of his first year as principal of the High School he gave up that position
and devoted his entire attention to the study of the legal profession. He was ad-
mitted to practice in 1867, acted as clerk for his father for two years and was then
taken into partnership, the firm being kno\vn as Henry Sherwood & Son. They did a
very large business up to the fall of 1888, when his father retired from the active
duties of the profession and the present firm of Sherwood & Owlett was then formed.
Mr. Sherwood was married March 33, 1870, to Juliet E. Nichols, a daughter of



THE BENCH AND BAB. 1^7 J



Judge L<-\ i I. and Sarah J. (Brown) Nichols, to which union have been bom three
children, viz: Harry X., a member of the bar; Anna J., and AUen. The family are
members of the Protestant Episcopal church, and Air. Sherwood is connected with
the I. 0. 0. b'. PoUtically, he has always been a Democrat, and has given his
earnest support to the measures and principles of that party. He has served in the
borough council sixteen years, and as burgess four years. He is also a director in
the Pine Creek Itailway Company. Mr. Sherwood is one of the best informed men
in Tioga county on all matters pertaioing to its history. He possesses a remarkable
memory, and has freely given much valuable information in the preparation of this
work. Kind, courteous and obliging at all times, he is held in high esteem by the
best people of the community.

Hon. Chahles Tubus was bom in Elkland township (now Osceola), Tioga
county, Pennsylvania, July 11, 1843, and is a son of James and Anna (Lika~un)
Tubbs. lie early evinced a taste for learning, which was gratified in the common
schools of the district. At the age of thirteen iiu was sent to L''nion Acinkiiis, then
tmder the principalship of S. B. Price, and he subsequently studied at the same
institution under Prof. A. li. Wightman. Jii 1860 he taught school at Osceola,
Union Academy and Mill Creek, and for a short time in ISiJl at Wellsboro Academy.
He then entered Alfred Univcreity, and in Ibij'.i was admitted to Union Cnllo^i',
Schenectady, from which he was graduated in the classical couisf iu July, 18(j4. In
lMi> he entered the law department of Michigan University, Ann Harbor, from which
he was graduated in ilareh, 18G;. Keturning home he was admitted to the bar of
Tioga county, and in connection with liis other business affairs, has since practiced
his profession at Osceola. In Jlarcli, isiu;, he. was admitted to the United States
district court.

Having a taste for politics, Mr. Tubbs served as transcribing clerk of the House
of Kepreseiilalivt'S, Harrisburg, during tbe session of isilli, and took an active part
in caucuses, conventions and elections of the Republican party. In 1876 and Ih'h
he was presiiliiiff ollicer of the l\e.publican county convention, and in 187.S and 1880
he stumped the county for his ]iart_v. In the latter year he was noininatcil without
opposition as one of the representatives of Tioga county in the legislature and was
elected. During the session of 1881 he served upon the judiciarj', elections, federal
relations and judicial ajiportioninent committees, and was appointed by (iovemor
lloyt a member of the comiiiis>ions on prisons. He was re-elected to the House in
IHH^, thus serving two terms in that IkhIv. In lsT9, 188;i and l.'^'.ll he represented
'i'ioga county in the Republican State Conventions, and for many years has been
a prominent factor in the local councils of his party.

Since 1888 ^[r. Tubbs has been a director of the Wellsborough National Bank;
has served as a trustee of the State Hospital at Blo.^.slniri.'. by appointment of the
povemor, since ISDO, and since 18!)'2 he has been president of the Cowanesque Valley
Ajfrieultural Society. Oii October 22, 18T!i. he was married to S\l\ina Bacon, a
daugliter of Ard Hoyt and Liicinda (Murdock) Bacon, and has om son, Warren.
In 1891 ^^^. Tubbs was admitted a member of the Pennsylvania Society S.ns of the
Revolution. In 18!i4 he nuide a tour of Europe with his family, and when Lycoming
county celebrated her centennial, in July, 189."), he was invited as one of the spc.ikirs
on that occasion, and delivered an historical oration relating to the northwestern part



172 HISTOKY OF TIOGA COUNTY.



of her original territory. Mr. Tubbs has a decided taste for local history and
genealogy, and has collected one of the largest and most valuable historical private
libraries in Pennsylvania. His published works are the histories of Deerfield,
Knoxville and Osceola, in 1883; "Osceola in the War of the Kebellion," published in
1885, and "Lycoming Centennial," in 1896.

John C. Hoeton was born at Spring Mills, Allegany county, New York, April
1, 1843. He was educated at Spring Mills Academy in his native county, Lewis-
ville Academy, Potter county, and Union Academy, Tioga county. He read law one
year with George W. Eyon at Lawrenceville, finished his studies with Hon. Charles
H. Seymour at Tioga, and was admitted to the bar at Wellsboro in August, 1868.
He located in Blossburg. He was a notary public from 1870 to 1876, and served
several years as clerk of the borough council.

David Cameeon was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and came to Pennsylvania
with his parents in 1848, when he was about ten years of age. The family settled at
Blossburg, Tioga county, where David worked in the mines with his father and later
in the Morris Eun mines. He was educated in the common schools, subsequently
spent one year at Wellsboro Academy and two years at Mansfield State Normal.
While a student in the latter institution he taught mathematics, and also taught
the schools of Morris Eun, Pall Brook and Mitchell's Creek, and was principal of
the graded school in Tioga two years. In course of time he entered the law office
of P. E. Smith, at Tioga, and was admitted to the bar in 1868. While attending
school and reading law he also worked in the mines at intervals, doing the last work
in that line in 1865. In 1871 he located in Wellsboro, entering into partnership
with Hon. John I. Mitchell in the practice of law. This relationship continued until
January 1, 1889, when Mr. Mitchell became president judge. Mr. Cameron was
appointed assistant United States attorney for the Western district of Pennsylvania,
by Hon. B. H. Brewster, attorney general of the United States, April 1, 1882, and
held the office until October 12, 1888. He was re-appointed September 1, 1890, and
served until October, 1893. Mr. Cameron was married October 5, 1865, to Emily
A. Mitchell, a daughter of Thomas K. Mitchell, of Mitchell's Creek, and grand-
daughter of Eiehard Mitchell, who settled at that point in 1792. Pour sons and two
daughters have blessed this union, all of whom are living. In polities, Mr. Cameron
has always been an ardent supporter of the Eepublican party.

Majoe Geoege W. Meeeick was born in Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, March 27,
1838, and is a son of Israel Merrick, Jr., and grandson of Israel Merrick, Sr., pioneers
of Wellsboro. He spent his boyhood days in his native place, and was attending
school when the Civil War broke out. In the spring of 1861 he enlisted as a private
in Company H, Sixth Pennsylvania Eeserve, and served with it in th'e battle of
Drainsville, the Peninsular Campaign and Second Bull Eun. In 1862 he was dis-
charged on account of ill health. Before he had fairly recovered he recruited a
company for the First Battalion Pennsylvania Volunteers, six months' men, was
chosen captain of the company and went to the front. At the expiration of his
term he recruited a company for the three years' service, which was mustered in as
Company A, of the One Hundred and Eighty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers. He
was subsequently commissioned major and joined the army at Cold Harbor. Major
Merrick was in command of the regiment in the desperate assault on Port Hell, at



THE BEXCH AXD BAB. 173



Petersburg, Virginia, June 18, 1864, and received a gunshot wound in the right
knee, rendering amputation of the leg necessary. This disabled him for further
military duty and he retired from the service. Eetumiug home he commenced
reading law with Hon. Henry W. WilliamB, completed his studies under W. H.
Smith, Esq., and was admitted to the bar in February, 1869. Major Merrick was
appointed postmaster of Wellsboro, January 27, 1869, a few days before his admis-
sion to practice, and held the oilice over thirteen years, rt-j^i;.ming June 14, 18S2,
to accept the nomination of the Independent Republicans for secretary of internal
affairs. He opened an office in Wellsboro for the practice of his profession, and has
since won a leading place at the bar as an honest, able and successful lawyer. In
the famous case of Charlotte Howell, charged with poisoning Elizabeth Knapp,
Major Merrick was the defendant's principal attorney. After a very excitinj: trial,
lasting twenty days, she was acquitted, mainly through the able and skillful dufense
made for her by her counsel, in politics he has been an ardent Kepublican siiuo
casting his first vote for Abraham Lincoln in 18()i). Iklievinf: in the open self-rule
of the party, he has taken no part in party nianafreinent, but in public discii-sions
of principles and policies he haa been active and influential. Major Merrick was
married in November, 1868, to Jliss lone Butterworth, a nieee of Daviil Wilraot. ( )f
four children born to them, one daughter, lionise VVilmot Merrick, survives.

Hon. William A. Stoxe, a son of Israel Stone, was bom in lielmar township,
Tioga county, April 18, 18 Id, and was reared on his father's farm in Delmar. In
the history of Mr. Stone we have a strikinji illustration of the ]>ossit>ilities of
American youth. When the war broke out he enlisted at the age of seventeen in
Company A, One Hundred and l'jf;lity-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was
mustered out in 1865 ns a second lieutenant. He was ambitious for an education,
but did not have sufficient means. Professor AlNm, principal of the Mansfield
State Normal School, afforded him tlie opportunity, and he graduated with liifjli
honor in 1868. In October of the same year he was chosen principal of the Wells-
boro Academy and taught that school two terms, receiving a salary of ■•.'i;ii(;,(;t> and
the tuition bills." While engajred in teaching' he commenced reading law under
(he direction of Hon. Stephen I'. Wilson and Hon. Jerome B. Niles, and was ad-
mitted to the bar in August, ISTO. In IST'.' he was appointed transcribing clerk
in the House of ]{e[ncsentatives, Hanisburg. In 1874 he was a candidate for
district attorney of Tioga county, and received 3,000 votes out of 3,500 cast, but
resigned at the close of 1876 and removed to Allcirheny for the purpose of seeking
a broader ))rofessional field. In January, 1877, when he located in Allegheny, he
was comparatively unknown, hut jjood I'ortune favored him and it was not long until
he had a very fair clientafze and had been enKa'jed in the trial of several important
suits. Soon after this he was appointed United States jurj' commissioner. In ISSO
he was ap])()inted liy President Hayes United States district attorney for the Western
District of Pennsylvania. After serving four years he was re-appointed by President
.\rthur. During the gubernatorial (ampai'rn of 1886, notwithstanding President
Cleveland's instructions to office holders, Mr. Stone took the stump for (Jeneral
Bonver and made speeches in the counties bordering on .\llegheny. I'or doing this
the President removed him. October 17, ISSii, for '•pernicious activity." This
removal attracted national attention and evoked much discussion, ilr. Smne re-



2^74 HISTOBY OP TIOGA COUNTY.

sumed his law practice and gave it close attention until June, 1890, -when he was
nominated for Congress in the Twenty-third district. He was elected; has been
re-elected twice in succession, and is the present representatiive from that district.
He is the tallest member of the Pennsylvania congressional delegation, standing six
feet and four inches, and is also one of its ablest members. His genial disposition has
won for him a host of warm friends, who regard him as one of the coming men of
Pennsylvania.

James Hitntingtok Bosaed was born in Osceola, Tioga county, April 31,



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