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of Berks county, Pennsylvania, was graduated from the College of Physicians and
Surgeons, Baltimore, in 1883, and has since practiced his profession in Westfield.
Dr. Calvin S. Baxter, a native of Nelson, graduated from the same college, March 1,
1883, and since 1887 has practiced in Nelson. Dr. John M. Gentry, a native of Vir-
ginia, also graduated from the same college, March 4, 1884, and has since practiced
at Stony Fork. Dr. Charles N. Williams, a native of Wellsboro, and a son of Hon.
H. W. Williams, graduated from Jefferson Medical College, March 39, 1884, and has
for several years been a resident physician of Wellsboro. Dr. John B. Smith, a grad-
uate of the University of Buffalo, has practiced medicine in Lawrenceville since 1885.
Dr. Charles S. Logan, a graduate of the University of Buffalo, has practiced in Arnot
since 1885. Dr. Philemon Eumsey, a native of Sullivan township, graduated from
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, March 15, 1885, and has for
several years been a resident physician of Covington. Dr. William E. Thomas grad-
uated from the University of Buffalo in 1886, and practiced five years in Lawrence
township, ill health causing him to abandon his profession. Dr. Z. Ellis Kimble, a
native of Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, graduated in 1886, and has since practiced
in Liberty. Dr. T. N. Eockwell located in Elkland in 1887 and continued to practice
until his death, January 30, 1896. Dr. Joseph N. Smith, a native of Sullivan town-
ship, and a graduate from the Homeopathic Hospital College, Cleveland, practiced
in Wellsboro from 1887 to 1895. He is now located in Pittsburg. Dr. S. P. Hakes,
a graduate of the medical department of the University of New York, has practiced in
Tioga since 1888, and is recognized as one of the successful young physicians of the
county. Dr. E. F. Eobinson, a native of Lycoming county, graduated from Jefferson
Medical College in 1888. He practiced in Leetonia until 1891, when he removed to
Morris, where he pursues his profession and carries on' a drug store. Dr. F. G.
Elliott, a son of Nathaniel A. Elliott, of Mansfield, graduated from the University of
Vermont, July 16, 1889, and has since practiced as a resident physician at Mansfield.
Dr. James L. Beers, a native of Danby, Tompkins county, New York, graduated
from University Medical College of New York, March 8, 1883, and has practiced at
Holidaytown since 1889. Dr.Edward M.Haley, a native of St.Lawrence county,New
York, and a graduate of the medical department of the University of New York, has
been a resident physician in Blossburg since 1890. Henry Matthews, the "Indian
Doctor," who practiced under the name of James McCorhaway, located at Blackwells
in 1890, and pursued his profession there until his death in 1895.

Dr. Alonzo Kibbe, a native of Potter county, Pennsylvania, graduated from the



THE MEDICAL PB0FE8SI0N. 203



College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, March 13, 1885. In 1891 he located
in Knoxville where he has since practiced his profession. Dr. Willard G. Lent, a
native of Tioga county, Pennsylvania, and a graduate of Jefferson Medical College,
has practiced in Wellsboro since 1891. Dr. William B. Stevena graduated from the
same college in April, 1891, and immediately began practice in Xelson, where he is
still a resident physician. Dr. Herbert P. Haskin, a native of Lansingville, New
York, graduated from Jefferson Medical College April 15, 1891, and practiced in
Gaines from 1892 to 1897. Dr. Frank G. Masten, a son of Dr. James Masten, of
Westfield, graduated from the University of Buffalo, March 2i, 1891, and has since
practiced in Westfield with his father. Dr. Leon C. Brown, a native of SinithllLia,
Pennsylvania, graduated from the Homeopathic College, Chicago, in March, is'jl,
and is now a resident physician of Tioga. Dr. John 1. Van Wert, a native of
Sullivan county. New York, graduated irom Bellevue Hospital Medical College,
New York, ]\larch 1, 1887. He is the physician of the Fall Brook Coal Company
at Antrim' Dr. Luther N. Cloos is a native of Middlebury township. He gradu-
ated from the Baltimore Medical College March :i(), isiiii, since which time he has
practiced his profession at Kt'cncyviUe. Dr. Clarence C. Centrj-, a native of (.reel.
c..unty, Virginia, graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, I'.altimore,
March 'l, 1893, and since IS'.) 1 has been a resident physician of Morns. Dr. Edwin
K Clark a native of Steuben county, New York, graduated from the College of
Physicians and Surgc.ns. Baltimore, April in. WXK and has s,nce practiced his
profession in Osceola. Dr. Frank L. KiUy. a native of Manstidd. graduated from
Jefferson Medical College, May 2, IS'Ki, and has since been a resident physician a
Morris Kun. I )r. Shuuian Voorhees, a son of Dr. Charles \-oorhees. and a native of
Jackson townshii-, graduated from the College of Physi.ians and Surgeons, Balti-
more, April 24, lS9;i, and has since pnuliced at Daggett'. Mills. Dr. Sullivan A.
Gaskill, a native of Covinglon, graduated from Baltimore Medical College, March 1,
1893, and is a resi.lent physician of Con iiigton. Dr. Arthur M. (ireenfield, a native
of Kentucky, graduated from the Baltimore Medical College, March -.'.i. isnV, and
has since practiced at Sabinsvillc. Dr. Francis A. Bin-ilo, a native of Dunkirk, New
York, graduated from .lelferson Medical College, May 'i. ls;.:S, and practiced in
lilosshurg until ids removal to Trenton, New .lei>ey. Dr. John P. Longwell. a native
of Creycoiirt, New York, graduated from the Chicago Hahnemann Medical College
in 1K9;{. and in ( )ctol.er, 1895, he located in Wellsboro. Dr. Frederick (ireen Wood,
a native of Sullivan towiisliii), graduated from Jefferson Medical College ilay 15,
IS!),-., and since Se])tember 1,18;):.. has practiced in Mansfield. Dr. John Cross Srcor,
a graduate of the University of Vennont, located in Cherry Flats in December, 189.-;.
Dr. Henry 0. Harkness gralluatetl from the Chicago llouuopathic College March IT,
IHIli;, and in June located in Mainesburg. Dr. Daniel Stratton graduated from
the Ciiiversity of New York, May T, ls:i.-., and is a resident physician of I'dossburg.
Dr. (Icug.' .\. Trieman graduated from the Medical Chirurgical College. Philadel-
pliia, May 4, is;>3, and in Si-ptember. isin;, located in Leetonia. I»r. J. Irving
Bentley, a graduate of the lTni\ersiiy of Pennsylvania, located in Gaines in Jaiiuarv,
isit;, as the successor of Dr. H. V. Haskin. 1 »r. Charles 'I'rc.xler opened an oiricc in
Knoxville the same month.



204 HISTOEY OF TIOGA COUNTY.

THE FIRST DEUG STOEB.

The first regular drug store in Wellsboro was opened in 1848 by Dr. Robert Roy,
in a frame building which then stood on that portion of the site of the present Coles
House, next to the residence of the late Judge Robert G. "White. Dr. Roy was born
May 13, 1824, in Warwick, Orange county, New York, and was a descendant of sturdy
Scotch ancestry. When he was but four years of age his parents removed to New-
town, now Elmira, New York. The desire of his youth was to educate himself for the
Christian ministry, but a severe cold, followed by inflammatory rheumatism, inter-
rupted his studies and changed the whole course of his life. After measurably recov-
ering his health, he entered the drug store of William Ogden, of Elmira, and learned
the drug business. In 1848 he removed to Wellsboro, and opened the first store
devoted exclusively to the sale of drugs in Tioga county. For about two years he
occupied the frame building already referred to, and then removed to a little wooden
structure just below the Bower block. A few years later he purchased half of the
block on the southeast side of Main street, bounded by Water and Crafton streets, and
built thereon the large three-story building that was burned in 1874. While this
work was in progress Dr. Roy was prostrated by an accidental burning and was con-
fined to his house about a year. The result of this misfortune was to so cripple his
resources that for many years he was greatly hampered in business.

In 1850 Dr. Roy married Miss Irene M. Dartt, a daughter of Cyrus Dartt, of
Charleston township. Three children were born to this union, two of whom died
in infancy. Arthur M., the only living child, is now one of the proprietors and
editors of the Wellsboro Agitator. Dr. Roy, save for a period of about four years,
continued ia the drug business up to his death, which took place November 30, 1881.
His widow is a resident of Wellsboro. Dr. Roy's domestic life was very happy. He
was a devout member of the Presbyterian church, and for several years before his
death was a member of the session. For many years his health was poor and his
eyesight bad, yet he maintained a cheerful disposition to the last. The sincerity of
his religious convictions, his upright life and his spotless integrity, won for him the
esteem and respect of the entire community. His influence, quietly but constantly
exerted, was always for good, and he was regarded as one of the most upright and
exemplary citizens of the borough.

While yet quite a young man and before coming to Wellsboro, Dr. Roy
traveled and lectured on the Bible, the lecture being illustrated with stereopticon
views. His assistant was a boy about fourteen or fifteen years of age, named Mark
M. Pomeroy, afterwards famous as "Brick" Pomeroy, editor of the LaCrosse Demo-
crat. Some years ago "Brick" being in reminiscent mood, wrote the following ac-
count of his experience as a clerk in Dr. Roy's drug store in Wellsboro:

Out of this expedition [a panorama with a lecture thrown in] Uncle Robert cleared
three, four or five hundred dollars; enough to start him quite handsomely in the drug
business at Wellsboro, Pennsylvania. After he had accumulated this amount of capital,
which was considered very large for those times in that country, he purchased an old
stock of drugs from a broken down druggist in Elmira, and had them conveyed by
wagon across the hills to Wellsboro, Pennsylvania, where he started the first drug
store in that place, and lived to become one of its most prosperous business men, but
who has since experienced his ups and downs. His son, Arthur Roy, is now at the
head of a Republican newspaper in that town.



THE MEDICAL PBOFESSIOX. 205



When our trip was ended, late in the spring, I was allowed to go with Uncle Robert
to Wellsboro, and to the duty and responsibility in his store of chief clerk, with the
understanding that I could have a few shelves in the comer of the store on which to dis-
play a stock of candy. I had saved about nine dollars from my winter's work. I should
have had more, but in Towanda, where we stopped one cold night. I stood with my
back to a red-hot coal stove, to warm myself as I came in, and unfortunately burned
the back out of my overcoat. To purchase a new one cost seven dollars — seven weeks'
work. But the lesson was a good one, as it taught me never to turn my back to a warm
friend.

The idea of becoming a candy merchant was novel and promising. So I made a few
shallow boxes, in the fronts of which I could slip panes of eight-by-ten glass, and then
bought a few jars in which to place for display a. whole nine dollars' worth of assorted
candies, which I purchased of a candy merchant in Elmira, New York, whose name
was Elmore. In May I left home with my venture of sweetmeats, and journeyed by
wagon, in which were conveyed some of Uncle Robert's goods, across the hills to Wells-
boro, where I helped open and arrange the drug store in a small room not so large
as my present sanctum or parlor. Here I ajiplied myself patiently and industriously to
the study of chemistry and the history and the principles of drugs and medicines. For a
year and a half I made my home in Wellsboro, engaged in this business, having as u
compensation the profit made from the stock of candy I had purchased and started in
with. Unfortunately for my proKperity in this line, there were u number of very pretty
little girls in Wellsboro, likewise a number of boys who had a taste for sweetmeats and
who promised faithfully to pay peniiirs and sixpences in the future, but who, somehow
or other, never had the money when it was wanted. Anxious to secure trade, I adopted
the plan of giving candy to all the girls who came, and trusting the boys who wished
credit, so that at the end of the year not only my candy boxes but my pockets were
quite empty. I found myself not half so popular as when I had sweet things to give out
to all who would come for them. But I hud lots of fun in Wellsboro for all that.

Till'; TIUCA CULNTY MEDICAL SOCIETY.

This association was organized June 20, lM(i(), at the oflSce of the late Nelson
Packer, M. D., in Wellsboro, the original members being Drs. Nelson Packer, R. II.
Archer, 0. V. Elliott, ^^'. W. \\'ebb, Daniel Bacon and Otis \V. Gibson, a son of Dr.
Otis L. (libson, one of the early ])liysicians. The membership did not increase
rapidly and the ii\oetings were held irregularly. The meeting at Mansfield, De-
cember 19, ISCO, was tlie last until Septeiuber [K 18(18, when a meeting was held at
Tioga and the society revived. The long lapse was due to the excitement attendant
upon the Civil War. Those who attended this meeting were \V. W. Webb, Daniel
Hacdn, Robert M. Christy, Robert B. Smith, T. R. Warren, H. A. Phillips and Lewis
Darling, Jr. New life was infused into the society, and there followed an increase of
membership and interest. ]\leetings were held every three months, papers read and
questions dlHciissed pertaining to disea.'Jes and their treatment. These meetings were
regularl_y maintaiiieil until 1882, when the society again went into decline and prac-
tically ceased to exist. During the twenty-two years between its organization and
8URi)ensioM of activity, the following named physicians served as president: R. H.
Areher. iSCO; Daniel Bacon, 18C8-G9; Nelson Packer. 18:0; James :Masten. 18T1;
W. W. Webb, 1875; C. K. Thomi'^on. 18T3; W. T. Humphrey, lsT4; K,,l,rrt B.
Smith, 18T.">; Ijewis Darling'. Jr., 18T(;; M. L. T.aeon, ISTT: K. (;. Drake. 18:.-^;
(Jeorf;.' D. ^^faino. 18:0; A. ^[. I/Jop. 1880; C. K. Thomjison. 1881. and W. I».
Vedder, 1882.

After a lapse of fourteen years the association was again organized, at a meeting
hold January 24, 1806, in I.rfiwrenceville, at which the f.'liowing officers were elected



206 HISTOKT OF TIOGA COUNTY.

to serve until the annual meeting: Wentworth D. Vedder, of Mansfield, president;
A. L. Bottum, of "Westfield, vice-president; Lewis Darling, Jr., of Lawrenceville, sec-
retary, and 0. W. Webb, of Wellsboro, treasurer. The annual meeting was held
June 19, 1896, when the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: A. L.
Bottum, of Westfield, president; Luther N. Cloos, of Keeneyville, vice-president;
Lewis Darling, Jr., of Lawrenceville, secretary, and C. W. Webb, of Wellsboro,
treasurer. The association now numbers twenty-seven physicians in its membership;
its meetings are held quarterly and the interest taken in them indicates that the as-
sociation is at last permanently organized.



CHAPTEE XIV.

EAELY MILITAEY HISTOEY.

Introduction— Eaely Settlers Who Were Revolutionary Soldiers— They
Led the Way Into the Wilderness- Peter Shumway's Discharge— A Price-
less Relic— The War of 1812— Settlers of Tioga Who Served in That
Struggle— Old Time Militia System— The Mexican War.



DUEING the Eevolutionary War that portion of Pennsylvania now embraced
within the limits of Tioga county was a savage-peopled wilderness. If o white
man was living within its borders, and none had penetrated its forest depths, save an
occasional hunter, trapper, spy, scout, or, perhaps, a Catholic or Moravian missionary.
While that memorable struggle was in progress, marauding bands of savages, from the
tribes farther north, frequently followed the trails leading south up the valleys of
the Tioga river and Crooked creek, and down those of Babb's and Pine creeks, and .
harrassed the settlers along the Susquehanna. So far as known, however, no conflict
between the two races ever took place on its soil, its early settlers being happily
spared the horrors of frontier warfare, with which those of other counties were but
too familiar.

This was due to the fact that before settlement began the land was acquired from
the Indians by the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, in 1784, and was thereby open to peace-
able and unmolested occupation. Its pioneers had nothing to fear, unless, in the
event of an Indian war. Fortunately they were called upon to undergo no such ex-
periences, and were permitted to clear away the forests and cultivate their fields
in peace.

Although Tioga county, owing to its wilderness condition, and its distance from
the scene of active operations, is not embraced within the historic ground of the
Eevolution, it afterwards became the home and is to-day the resting place of a num-
ber of the patriotic soldiers of that memorable struggle. The first settlers at Law-



EABLY MILITABT HISTOBT. 207



renceville, Tioga and in the Cowanesque valley were Kevolutionar}- soldiers, who
endured the privations of pioneer life in their wilderness homes with the same heroic
courage and patient fortitude that they displayed while contending against British
tyranny for the independence so nobly won by Washington and his patriotic army.

It is a matter for sincere regret that the names of all of these heroes of that great
struggle cannot be ascertained. A patient inquiry, however, has resulted in securing
the names which follow and the dates and places of their settlement. The list is be-
lieved, by those familiar with the early history of the different townships, to be
practically complete, and to embrace the names of all or nearly all of the Revolu-
tionary soldiers who became permanent settlers and residents of the county .

It was not until 1787, four years after the colonies had achieved their indepen-
dence, that Hon. Samuel Baker, the first white settler, came and reared a home for
himself and family within the confines of Tioga county. This herald of an advanc-
ing civilization was a Revolutionary soldier. In 17^^, being then a lioy of fourteen
years of age, while he and a younger brother were pickinf; berries near their home,
at White Crock, Washington cdunty, Niu York, he was captured liy Indians and
taken to the camp of Burgoync, where he was ri'dccmod l)y a British dtlicLT, who
jiaid twelve dollars for him, and made him a waitt-r at army headquarters. After
Burgoyne's surrender, an American officer gave young Baker two dollars and told him
to go home. This he did, remaining until 17S1, when he enlisted in Col. JIarius
Willett's regiment and took part in the skirmish of Canada Creek, in wliich Capt.
Walter Butler, a noted tory leader, was killed. Four years after the war closed Baker
turned his face toward the west, selected a site for a home near the junction of the
Tioga and Cowanescjue rivers, where Lawreneeville now stands, and thus became the
first white settler of Tiojja county.

\\'ithin a few months after his eoming Mr. Baker was joined liy .Vnios Stone,
who was a captain in the Coniu'elicut Line during the Revolutionary War, but who
afterwards beeanie an active participant in Shay's Rebellion. Shay was defeated
January 25, 1787, and his adherents were forced to seek refuf,'e from the Federal
authorities wherever they could.

Adam and (Jeorjjje Hart, natives of (rermany, and pioneer settlers in La\vTence
township, served seven years each in the Revolutionary army. Adam removed to
.Mansfield in 1S2;1 and (Jeor<;e became an early settler in Liberty township, where
his descendants still reside.

Andrew Holiday, a native of Ireland, came to America before the Revolution,
and finally settled at Stroudslmr^, .Monroe county, Pennsylvania. He served in the
Continental army and was a e:ood soldier. In 17!)9 or IStm he came to Tiopa county
and located at Lawreneeville. A few years later he removed to TroupsburL', New
York, but soon afterward rt'tiinied to Tioga county, and settled near Elkland, where
he died early in the present century.

IiiMihen Cook, Sr., the pioneer settler of the Cowanesque, west of Lawreneeville,
was a Revolutionary soldier. He settled in what afterward became Nelson town~liip.
in ITI'v or li!i.'!. It is not known in what command he served. Imt he wa.s frranted
a jiension of $)0 a year durin;; life by iln' It^gislnture of Pennsylvania in 182'^. For a
fuller account of him the reader is refeircd to the ehajjtcr devoted to Nelson horou^'h.

Kl)(iie/,er Seelve, a native of Connecticut, settled immetliately cast of .Vcademy



208 HISTOBT OF TIOGA COUNTY.



Corners in 1798, and resided there until his death, June 23, 1837, in the eighty-
second year of his age. He served throughout the Eevolutionary War in Sheldon's
Light Horse, a Connecticut company, and a portion of the time under Washington.
Before coming to Tioga county he became a Quaker, and was a consistent
adherent of that faith during the remainder of his life. He lies buried in the old
Quaker burying ground at KnoxTille.

Simon Eixford or Eexford, the first settler on the site of Knoxville, where he
located in 1799, was a native of Massachusetts. At the age of fifteen years he enlisted
in the Eevolutionary army and served seven years. He was afSicted with deafness
caused by proximity to artillery during battle. In 1820 he removed to Mixtown,
Clymer township, where he passed the remainder of his life, and where he lies buried.

Israel Bulkley, who came from Connecticut in 1800 and settled upon the farm
in Osceola now occupied by his grandson, Charles Bulkley, served a brief time in
Capt. N. "Waterman's company. Twentieth regiment, Connecticut militia, when
the British burned New London, Connecticut, in September, 1781.

Nathaniel Peaseley Moody, a native of Haverhill, Massachusetts, where he
was bom in 1760, entered the Continental army at the age of sixteen and served
through the Eevolution. In 1795 he settled at Wysox, Bradford coimty, Pennsyl-
vania, lived there a number of years, and then removed to Osceola, where he died in
1840, and where he lies buried.

David Jay, an early settler at Osceola, was a Eevolutionary soldier. But little
is known concerning him. His remains lie buried in the Osceola Cemetery.

Ayres Tuttle, a pioneer settler at Westfield, fought at Bunker Hill, as a member
of the patriot band who so stoutly resisted the British on that occasion.

Daniel Lee, who came to Tioga county from Otsego county. New York, and
was an early settler in Chatham township, was a soldier in the Eevolutionary
army. Many of his descendants still reside in Chatham township.

Samuel Tubbs, Sr., a native of Lyme, Connecticut, settled at Elkland in 1811.
He came to Pennsylvania in 1773, with his parents, and settled at Wyoming. August
26, 1776, he enlisted in Capt. Eobert Durkee's Independent company, which
was attached to Col. John Durkee's regiment of the Connecticut Line. He
participated in the battles of Bound Brook, Mill Stone Eiver, Mud Creek, Brandy-
wine and Germantown; wintered with the army at Valley Forge, and served in Sul-
livan's Expedition against the Indians in 1779. His command was on its way to
Wyoming the night of the massacre, and stopped at Shoup's tavern, Northumberland
county, Pennsylvania. He died at his home near Elkland, September 7, 1841, and
his remains rest in the cemetery at Osceola.

John Eyon, Sr., a pioneer settler at Elkland, whose parents were natives of Ire-
land, was born on the Atlantic Ocean, March 10, 1748, while they were enroute for
New York. He removed to the Wyoming valley, Pennsylvania, before the Eevolu-
tion. The records in the war department at Washington show that he served during
the Eevolutionary War as a private in Capt. Thaddeus Weed's, formerly 'Capt. Solo-
mon Strong's, Company, Fifth Connecticut regiment, commanded by Col. Philip
B. Bradley, from July, 1777 to December, 1780, and that he re-enlisted October 20,
1780, "for during the war." The records also show that he served as a sergeant in
the Fifth Company, formerly Capt. Thaddeus Weed's Company, Second Connecticut



EABLY MILITARY HISTORY. 209



regiment, commanded by Col. Heman Swift, from March, 17S1, to April, 1783. A
portion of this time he was on duty in the commissary department in Xew York.
He was afterward pensioned, as a Revolutionary soldier, by the State of Connecticut.

John H. Brown, one of the pioneer settlers of Brookfield township, was a Revo-
lutionary soldier, though it is not known in what command he served. He settled
in Brookfield township in 1812.



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