Emanuel Swedenborg.

History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania online

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Azel Nobles, one of the pioneers of Brookfield township, served in the Revolu-
tionary War, for which service he received a pension until the time of his death.
His son, Asahel Nobles, was a soldier in the War of 1812.

Jesse Losey, the first settler on the site of Tio<ja borough, was another Revolu-
tionary soldier. He claimed to have participated in the Battle of Bunker Hill,
being sixteen years old at the time, and to also have witnessed the execution of ifaj.
John Andre, at Tappan, New Jersey, October 2, 1780. He died March 12, 1814,
aged eighty-five years, and lies buried in the cemetery at Holidaytown.

Harris Hotchkiss, who settled at Tioga in 1804, was a native of ("iinecticut,
and a Revolutionary sailor and soldier. While in the marine service he was cap-
tured by the British and confined for Bome time in chains on board the notorious
prison ship "Jersey." He suffered much by exposure to cold and from want of
proper food. He died November 21, 1851, aged ninety-six years, and lies buried
in the old cemetery at Tioga.

Robert and Benjamin Patterson, who acted as giiides for the party who con-
structed the Williamson road in 1 702-93, were noted Indian scouts during the Revo-
lution, rendering valuable service to the cause of liberty, .\fter the opening of the
Williamson road they settled at Painted Post, New York.

In what is known as the Bentley burying ground in Rutland township, west of
Roseville, is a tombstone bearing the following inscription:

Daniel Wattles.

A Soldier of the Revolution.

Born In Connecticut in 1761 ; died In Tioga County. Pennsylvania, May 19, 1889.

This stone was erected to his memory by J. M. Wattles, of Bradford county, an a mark

of filial afPeotion and gratitude.

Daniel Wattles was one of the early settlers in Rutland township, but the year
of his coming could not be ascertained. He sorvod during the Revolutionary War
in Capt. William Moulton's company of the Second Battalion, raised for the defense
of the Connecticut coast, from Horseneck to New Haven. He was hired by the town
of Lebanon, C<innecticut, and joined the company July 2.5, 1781.

Stephen Morrill, Sr., a native of Maine, and an early settler in Jackson townsiiip,
was a veteran of the Revolution. His son, Stephen, served in the War of 1812, in a
marine regiment.

James Gray, Sr., came from Otsego county, Xew York, and settled at Gra/s
^'allpy, in Sullivan township, in 1805, and was one of the pioneers of the town.ship.
Hf was born in Sharon, (Connecticut, in ITGO, scned seven years in the (Continental
nrniy and was discharged with the rank of captain. He died in Sullivan township
in March, 1846.
U



2J^Q HISTORY OF TIOGA COUNTY.



Russell Rose settled in what is now Ward township in 1807, but soon afterward
removed to and located near the State road in Sullivan township. He was born in
Connecticut, June 11, 1753, and when twenty-three years of age enlisted in the
Continental army and remained until the war ended, rendering good and efficient
service. While in camp at Valley Forge he was promoted to serve as an aide on
Washington's staff. He died in Sullivan township June 1, 1830.

Jeremiah Rumsey, an early settler in Sullivan township, was also a soldier in
the Revolutionary army. He resided in Sullivan township for many years and died
at the age of ninety.

Ebenezer Burley, who settled in Richmond township in 1808, was a Revolutionary
soldier. He died in 1837, aged eighty-seven years.

Seth Clark, who came from Wilbraham, Massachusetts, in 1814, and settled in
Richmond township, was a Revolutionary soldier and carried a musket under Wash-
ington.

Deacon Isaac Lownsbery, bom December 31, 1757, served in the Revolutionary
army. He came to Tioga county in 1818 and settled at Canoe Camp, where he died
April 4, 1851, aged ninety-four years.

Major Ebenezer Ripley, who came from Cooperstown, New York, in 1817, and
settled at Lamb's Creek, served in the Continental army with the rank of major.
After coming to Tioga county he was appointed a justice of the peace.

Lieut. Jacob Allen, who was born in Massachusetts in 1763, entered the Con-
tinental army as an aide-de-camp to his father, who was killed in the early part of
the war. Young Allen remained in the service to the close and was promoted to the
rank of lieutenant. He came from Massachusetts in 1818 and settled near Mans-
field, where he died December 11, 1836, aged seventy-three years.

Peter Shumway, a native of Massachusetts, came to Tioga county about 1805,
and located at Mansfield. A year later he removed to Charleston township, and
settled on Shumway Hill. He was a veteran of the Revolution, serving nearly seven
years. There is now in the possession of his great-grandson, Peter E. Shumway, of
Wellsboro, the original discharge received by him, June 9, 1783. This rare and
highly-prized relic shows that Peter Shumway was a "soldier of the Fourth Massa-
chusetts regiment;" that he "faithfully served the United States six years and three
months," having "enlisted for the war only." John Trumbull, Jr., certifies that it
was "given at headquarters by His Excellency's command." It was signed by Wash-
ington himself, the signature, "Go Washington," being clear, bold and distinct. It
bears unmistakable evidence of genuineness. Another high officer, whose name
has become dimmed by age, certifies that "the above Peter Shumway, soldier, has
been honored with the badge of merit, for six years' faithful service," and "John M.
Davis, adjutant," certifies that it is "registered in the books of the regiment."

This venerable relic of Revolutionary days, although 114 years old, is in a fair
state of preservation, and with care will easily last another century. Inclosed in the
same frame with the discharge are two specimens of "Massachusetts Bay" paper
money of the time, coarse-grained and antique in design. One bill is of the denom-
ination of $8; the other is No. 59,338, and calls for $65, "in gold or silver." In the
contemplation of these old documents one's mind is carried back to "the time that



EABLY MILITABT HISTORY. 211

tried men's bouIb" — the days that were dark and gloomy, and when the cause of
liberty trembled in the balance.

After Peter Shumway's death in 1833, the discharge passed into the hands of
his son, Sleeman Shumway. He died May 3, 1864. It then became the property
of his son, N. P. Shumway. During recent years it has l)ucn in the possession of
Melvina L. Shumway, wife of Jonathan V. Morgan, and is now owned by Peter E.
Shumway, Wellsboro, a great-grandson of the Peter Shumway to whom it was origin-
ally given as an evidence of faithful service in the Revolutionary army. It is an
heirloom of inestimable value.

Col. Justus Dartt, the founder of the Dartt settlement in Charleston township,
where he located in 1811, was a soldier of the Revolution and afterwards a colonel
in the Vermont militia. He died in Charleston July ">, 1838, aged eighty-one years.

Israel (irocnlcuf, an early settliT and taveni keeper in Wellsboro, was also a
Revolutionary soldier. He died June 1, 1817, aged eighty-two years, and lieti buried
in the old graveyard on Academy Hill in Wellsboro. In the suiiu' graveyard lies
buried Joseph Thompson, another Revolutionary soldier, who died November '-';!,
1842, aged eighty-live years. This graveyard, haviii}^ been abandoned many years
ago, has become overgrown with brush and brambles, and the graves of these two
heroes are sadly neglected.

Deacon Ifichard Ellis, a native of Mnssiuhusetts, served in the Hev.ihitionary
army. He settled in Deliiiar township in 1811 and died in Ellisburg, Potter comity,
in 1841.

Royal Colo, who settled in Wellsboro about 1818, and who became a well-known
and prominent citizen, was a veteran of both the Revolutionary War and the War of
ISl'-i. He died in Wellslxiro, July I, IHI!), in his nint'tieth year.

Roln'rt Steele, Sr., was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, about 17t;<;. He ser\ed
a short time in the Revolutionary army. In ISO.") he came to Tioga county and
was the first settler on the site of "Hifj Meadows," now Aiisonia. He died at the
home of his son Robert in Del mar township in 1836.

Robert Campliell, a pioneer of Morris townshi]), enlisted in the ( nniinental
army when only sixteen years of age, and served under Washington, lie lies buried
at Cammal, Lyeoming county.

THE WAR OF 1812.

As Tioga was a frontier county, and sparsely populated, she was not called on
to raise a military company during the War of ISf?. .Some apprehension was felt
that the Seneca Indians, whose territory was close to the county, might be tampered
with by the I5ritish and induced to make trouble. Governor Sny.ler was com-
municated with by some of the citizens of this and the adjoining counties on the
west, whose fear of an Indian invasion was great, and they went so far as to reque>t
military protection, but the governor succeeded in allaying their fears.

When the British burned Buffalo in ISI I. the feeling generally prevailed that
they intended to march south and lay the coimtry in wasti'. and a call was made for
men to meet the invaders. A eompany was collected from the Tioga and Cowan-
isipie valleys at Ijawreneeville, in I'ebruary of tluit year, and Henry Baldwin was
chosen captain. U is not known that any roster of the company is now in cxis-



212 HISTOET OF TIOGA COUNTY.



tence. This organization was purely volunteer. The company proceeded in
sleighs to Dansville, New York, and were put in a camp of instruction. But as the
British retired after their assault on Buffalo, the alarm subsided and the Lawrence-
ville company was sent home and disbanded. Among those who joined the com-
pany were the following from Osceola: Samuel Tubbs, Jr., David Taylor, Eeuben
Cook, Jr., and Andrew Bosard. The following pioneers of Deerfield township were
also members of this company: Newbury Cloos, John Knox, Charles Carpenter,
Elanson Seelye and Eleazer Seelye. Those who enlisted in this company were
afterwards given land warrants by the government of the United States, and in 1879
Reuben Cook received a pension of $8 a month.

A number of companies on their way to Black Eock passed through Tioga
county over the Williamson road, as it was the principal thoroughfare down the
Tioga valley at this time. The State road, as it was called, was also used. The
companies came from the lower counties, ajid the Tioga valley at times presented
quite a martial appearance as they marched through. Some artillery and many
baggage wagons passed this way.

In addition to the few who enlisted from the county while the war was in
progress, there afterwards settled in the various townships a number of men who
served from other states and from other parts of Pennsylvania. The names of all
of these have not been preserved, owing to some of them making a stay of but a few
years in the county, while others died, leaving no descendants to perpetuate either
names or memory. We give the names of such as we have been able to obtain.

Edsell Mitchell, reputed to be the first white child born in Tioga county,
served in the War of 1812, and in 1816 removed from Mitchell's Creek, Tioga town-
ship, his birthplace, to Middlebury township, where many of his descendants still
reside. He died August 15, 1870.

Ebenezer Ferry, who settled in Tioga township in 1818, was a native of Massa-
chusetts and served from that State. He removed to Charleston township in 1839,
and there died at a ripe old age.

John B. Earr, Sr., a native of England, who came to Tioga county about 1800
and finally settled in Sullivan township, saw service during the war. He died in
1863, aged ninety-four years.

Daniel Rose, eldest son of Russell Rose, one of the pioneers of Sullivan town-
ship, enlisted soon after war was declared, and served until May, 1814. His
father saw service during the Revolution under Washington. Daniel' died August
36, 1870, aged seventy-eight years.

James Cudworth, Sr., who came with his parents to Sullivan township about
1808, served as a drummer boy in the War of 1813.

Capt. Levi Mabie, an early settler in Sullivan township, served as a captain in
the Seventieth New York regiment.

Jacob Hulslander, the son of a Revolutionary soldier, served in a New York
regiment. He came from Tompkins county. New York, to Sullivan township in
1831. He died in May, 1849.

Gad Lamb, the pioneer settler at Lamb's Creek, was commissioned a captain
durmg the War of 1813, but was not called into service.

Francis Upton Spencer, who lies buried in the old cemetery at Canoe Camp, is



EAELY MILITABT HI8T0HT. 213

said to have been a soldier in the War of 1812. Xothing definite concerning his
history can be ascertained.

Cornelius Middaugh, who settled in LaAvrence township soon after the War of
1812, served from Bradford county during that struggle.

John A. Smith, an early settler in Lawrence and later a resident of Nelson
township, was in the service during the war, presumably from Cortland county,
New York, the place of his nativity.

James Smith, a native of Vermont, and an early settler in Nelson township,
also saw service, but in what command is not known.

Sylvester Stewart and John Weeks, both of whom settled in Nelson township
in 1838, were in the service during the War of 1812, though in what command cannot
be ascertained.

Col. Marinus W. StuU, a native of Southport, Clumung county. New York, was
an early settler at Elkland. He served in the War of 1812 from his native State,
and later in life was for seven years a colonel of militia. He died at Elkland m

June, 1864. ^. ^. , , ,, _

William Casbeer was a resident of Tioga county, N.w \ork, when the «ar
began He served in it, and in 1816 removed to Osc.ola, remaining there until
1841 when he located in Farmington township, where he passed the remainder of
his life. Hifl mother, Catherine Jay, waa a descendant of John Jay, the celebrated

^"""'william Wass, who was boi-n in Su.se.x county. Now York, saw service during
the wax and in 1817 settled in Deerfield township. A few years later he removed to
Chatham township, where he died May 18, 1889, in his ninety-fifth year.

Asahel Nobles, son of Azel Nobles, a Revolutionary soldier, served in the \\ ar
of 1812 and settled in Brookfield township in 181.1, coming into the township with
his father. Five generations of the family have lived on the old homestead in

Brookfield township. , t t

George W Hunt, son of George Hunt, a soldier in the French and Indian \\ ar,
was bom in Connecticut in! r7 1. During the War of 1812 he served three years,
enlisting from Jliddleton, Delaware county. New York. He removed to Brook-
field township in 1811 and there resided until his death in 1859.

Godfrey Bowman was born in Connecticut in 1792. In 1802 he removed to
Kingston, Pennsylvania, and in March, 1813, enlisted in the Kingston Volunteers,
under ( 'aptain Thomas. He was assigned to duty in the shipyard at Erie, and
worked upon the ships for Porr\-'s lleet. He was ordered aboard the "Soiners"' in
August, 1813, commanded by Captain Amy, and took part in the celebrated naval
battle on Lake Erie. September 10, 1813, known in history as 'Terry s Victors."
He was wounded, but as soon as his wound wa.-; dressed he returned to his post. In
testimony of his bravery, the State of Pennsylvania presented him vrith a medal,
which is now in the pos.session of his son, Hon. Charles 0. Bowman, of Erie county,
Pennsylvania, Ho settled in Brookfield township in 1810, and there passed the
remainder of his life.

Dunean L. Thompson, an early settler in WestfieUl towiiship, served at Sark.tts
Harbor as a soldier durinj: the War of 1812.

Daniel Hunt was bom in Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, in 1796, and was the



214 HISTOBY OF TIOGA COUNTY.

son of William Hunt, a Eevolutionary soldier. Daniel was reared in Lansing, New
York, and was a soldier in the War of 1813. In 1840 he settled in Westfield
township, where he resided until his death, December 14, 1862.

Jared Davis was born in Ehode Island, September 25, 1795, and was reared to
manhood in the town of Butternut, Otsego county, New York, serving as as soldier
during the War of 1813. In 1840 he removed to Knoxville, but only remained one
year. In 1846 he returned to Tioga county and settled in Gaines township, where
he remained until 1858, when he took up his residence at what is now known as
Davis Station, in Clymer township. Here he died November 23, 1883.

Thomas Eldridge, a native of Vermont, came to Tioga county in 1847, and
settled in Clymer township, where he died in 1867. He was the son of a Eevolu-
tionary soldier and served in the War of 1813.

Matthew Boom, who was born in Delaware county, in 1798, did service as a
guide during the War of 1813. In 1836 he settled in Chatham township and there
resided until his death.

Samuel P. King, who settled in Chatham township in 1843, saw service during
the War of 1812. He died in 1864, aged sixty-eight years.

Jason Cooper, who came from Tompkins county. New York, in 1844, and set-
tled in Chatham township, was a soldier in the War of 1813, serving from New
York.

John Crippen was born in Delaware county. New York, in 1796. At the age
of nineteen he entered the service of the United States during the War of 1813, as
a substitute for a man named Kimball. In 1834 he came to Tioga county and located
in Eutland township, remaining until 1839, when he removed to Farmington town-
ship, and became the first settler on Farmington Hill. _ He died March 4, 1875.

Peter Mourey was born in Germany in 1793, and came to America with his
parents in childhood. They settled in Berks county, Pennsylvania, where Peter
resided until 1830, when he came to Tioga county and located in Farmington
township, where he passed the remainder of his life. While living in Berks county
he served as a soldier during the War of 1813.

Duncan Carl, a soldier in the War of 1813, came from Washington county.
New York, and settled in Farmington township in 1846.

Stephen Morrill, Jr., a native of Maine, served in the War of 1813 from his
native state. His father was a soldier in the Eevolutionary war, and both settled in
Jackson township in the early thirties, where Stephen, Jr., died in 1881.

Solomon Westbiook was born in Chemung county. New York, in 1796, there
grew to manhood, and served in the War of 1813. A few years after the close of
the war he came to Tioga county, lived two years in Lawrence township, and then
settled permanently in Middlebury township, where he died in August, 1863.

Henry H. Potter was born in Ehode Island, September 15, 1791, and removed
with his parents to Onondaga county, New York, in 1804. He was a soldier in
the War of 1813, serving under General Scott, and participated in the battle of
Lundy's Lane and other engagements on the Canadian frontier. In 1837 he came
to Tioga county and located in Lawrenceville, and later removed to Tioga, where
he remained until 1843, when he settled at what is now known as Middlebury
Center, in Middlebury township. Here he resided until his death, March 24, 1879.



EABLY MILITABT HI8T0BT. 215

Vine Seagers, served during the War of 1812 from his native state, Massachu-
setts, and soon afterward came to Tioga county and settled in Charleston township.
He afterward removed to Westfield. He died in December, 1871.

Royal Cole, a Eevolutionary soldier, also served in the War of 1812. He
settled at Wellsboro in 1818, residing there imtU his death, July 4, 1849, in his
ninetieth year.

John Pershing, a native of Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, and a
soldier of the War of 1812, located in Gaines township in 1814, coming by canoe
from Williamsport. He removed to Potter county in 1840, but finally returned to
Gaines, where he died October 12, 1886, in his one hundredth year.

Homer Ruggles, a native of New York state, and an early settler in Elk town-
ship, served in the War of 1812. He died in 1865.

John Sebring was bom in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, July 25, 1793, and was
a soldier in the War of 1812. He came to Tioga county and settled at Liberty.
Possessing a fondness for military duties, he was successively commissioned captain,
major, colonel, and June 22, 1854, a brigadier general of militia. He died a few
years ago at an advanced age.

John Neal, who was born near Philadelphia, and who became one of the
pioneer settlers of Liberty township, was a soldier during the War of 1812. He
died in 1871.

John J. Cole, son of John Cole, a Eevolutionary soldier, served during the
War of 1812. He came to Tioga county about 1827 and settled in Union township.
He died in Canton, Bradford county, in 1865.

OLD TIME MILITIA SYSTEM.

The act of April 10, 1807, directed the organization of the militia of Pennsyl-
vania, and the State was apjiortioned into military divisions, with a major general
commanding. Tioga county belonged to the Ninth division, and some of the
officers served for years at a time. According to the law, company organizations
met on the first Monday of May for practice and drill. This wa.'^ followed on the
second Jlonday by battalion drill and inspection, at which the general commanding
and other line oEBcers appeared. These "training" days were a great event. The
men usually appeared with corn stalks and canes for arms, and thus equipped were
"put through" the manual. Many exciting incidents occurred on these warlike
occasions, and there are men yet living who have a vivid recollection of the fights
and fisticuffs that occurred on "training day." The region of Tioga county did not
come under the militia law until about 1812. Two citizens of Osceola attained the
rank of colonel, but the date cannot be ascertained. Robert Tubbs" term as colonel
expired about 1821, and Philip Taylor was colonel of the One Hundred and Twenty-
ninth regiment. Second brigade. Ninth division, from 1828 to 1835. As late as
June 2, 1848, James Tubbs was captain of the Sixth company, Second battalion.
Third regiment. Tenth division.

In early day.'* battalion "traininj,'s' were usuallv held at Knoxvillc, or Willards-
burp, now known as the Iwrough of Tioga. As late as 1830 Inspector Horton, of
Bradford county, was a reviewing officer. In the days of Colonel Taylor, Hiram
Freeborn was lieutenant colonel, and Marinus W. Stull major. Georp' T. Frazer



216 HISTOET OF TIOGA COUNTY.



was captain of the Deerfield company, Israel P. Kinney of tHe Middlebury company,
and Timothy S. Coats of the Elkland company. On the breaking out of the War of
the Eebellion, Eobert C. Cox, of Liberty, was brigade inspector under the old
militia laws.

THE MEXICAN WAK.

Pezmsylvania furnished but two regiments to the army that invaded Mexico in
1846-47 and wrested from her all that portion of her territory lying north of the
Eio Grande. As these regiments were enlisted in the larger cities and near the hues
of railroad and the sea coast, Tioga county was not formally called upon to help fill
their ranks.

George Henry Gee, who was living at the time of the breaking out of the war
within the present limits of Osceola borough, accompanied the army of General
Taylor in his campaign in Mexico, but not in the capacity of a soldier.

George Hebe was born in Wurtemburg, Germany, in 1809. In 1819 he came
to America with his step-father, who settled in Liberty township. In 1833 he mar-
ried Elizabeth Myrtle, of Schuylkill county, where he appears to have resided for a
number of years afterward. In 1843-44 he was colonel of the Schuylkill County
Volunteers. Upon the breaking out of the Mexican "War he enlisted as a private in
the First Pennsylvania regiment, under Colonel Wynkoop. He served during the
war and was promoted to a staff office. He died a few years ago in Liberty township,
at an advanced age.



CHAPTER XY.

"WAK OP THE EEBELLION.

The Pieing on Foet Sumtee— Reception of the News in Wellsboro— Meeting

OF THE BOEOUGH COUNCIL— RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED— MES. MAEY H. CLYMEE'S

Patriotic Act and Lbttee— The Fiest Volunteers- Gen. Robeet C. Cox's
Interesting Naeeative— Rosters of Companies Raised in Tioga County
—Miscellaneous Commands— In New York Regiments— In Other States—
The Fourteenth United States Infantry- Soldiees' Monument— Losses
IN the War.



THE moment the startling report of the firing on Fort Sumter reached Tioga
county, the patriotism of the people was aroused, and in a few days it was at fever
heat. Such a traitorous act served to quickly tear away the cobwebs of sophistry
which had obscured the judgment of men, and imited them in defense of the flag.
The news of the assault reached Washington April 13, 1861, and on the morning of



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