Emanuel Swedenborg.

History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania online

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Seely Williams and Aaron Wilson.

Elijah J. Dartt, of Shippen, and Joshua Bernauer, of Gaines, served in Battery
D, First Artillery. Mellwood C. Gillespie, also of Shippen, served as second lieuten-
ant in same command, and afterwards re-enlisted as a private in Company G, Eighth
Cavalry.

Elisha S. Horton, of Westfield, served as second sergeant in Company H, Forty-
sixth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Victor Leroy Kelts, of Mansfield, served in Company G, Fifty-first Pennsylvania
Volunteers, and died at Camp Parole, May 13, 1863. His brother, Alexander Ham-
ilton Kelts, served in Company D, same command, and was killed at the battle of
Fredericksburg, December 13, 1863.

G. W. Butterworth served as sergeant of Company G, Fifty-third Pennsylvania
Volunteers from March 2, 186-1, to June 30, 1865. Before enlisting he was connected
with the Agitator. John E. Harvey, of Westfield, also served in the same company.

W. W. Eichardson, who enlisted as a private in Company G, Fifty-eighth Penn-
sylvania Volunteers, was promoted successively to corporal, sergeant and second
lieutenant. J. E. Ault, of Liberty, enlisted as a private in Company G, of this regi-
ment, and was promoted to first lieutenant.

James Irvin, of Union township, a brother of ex-Sheriff Irvin, served in Company
B, Eighth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and died in the service.

Peter Bush, of Brookfield, served in Company D, Ninety-third; Martin V.
Clemens, of Charleston, in Company A, and Lewis Moyer and Francis M. ShefEer, of
Liberty, in Company D, Ninety-eighth; Henry E. Chamberlain, of Elkland, in Com-

* Killed or mortally wounded. X Wounded, f Died.



WAE OF THE EBBELLION. 245



pany C, and Daniel L. Van Diisen, of Osceola, in Company D, Ninety-ninth Penn-
sylvania Volunteers.

Dr. A. M. Sheardown served as assistant surgeon of the One Hundred and
Seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers from June to December, 1863.

The following named citizens of Tioga county served in the Eleventh Penn-
sylvajiia Cavalry: Lorimus B. Ackley, of Clyraer, and Lafayette Farr, of Middlebury,
Company D; Benjamin J. Mann, of Tioga, Company E; Noah H. Marvin, corporal.
Company H; Andrew J. DickersonJ, Company M, and William Shellman, of Tioga.

Dewey Whitmarsh and James H. Metcalf, of Westfield, and Franklin B. Scudder,
of Covington, served in Battery E, Second Pennsylvania Artillery.

Tracey 0. HoUis served as second lieutenant of Company E, Twelfth Pennsyl-
vania Cavalry, from October, 1862, to March, 1863. He subsequently served in the
Second Artillery and in the United States secret service.

Dr. William B. Hartman served as assistant surgeon of the One Hundred and
Sixteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers from March, 1863, to July 4, 1864, when he was
promoted to surgeon. He was discharged June 3, 1865.

Tioga county was represented in Company G, Nineteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry,
as follows: William Zinck and Isaac F. Wheeland, corporals, and the following
privates: David A. Cochran, Charles Foulkrod, Warren Phelps, Alfred Phelps,
Daniel Smith and Samuel Weast, all from Liberty borough.

Eoswell A. Walker, of Covington township, who died at Belle Plain, Virginia,
December 7, 1862, and Chauncey W. Wheeler, of Liberty, served in Company C, One
Hundred and Thirty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers.

James Labar and Benjamin F. Mulford, of Westfield, served in Company I, One
Hundred and Forty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Tioga county was represented in the Third Artillery as follows: Eichard W.
Jackson and George W. Kelts, sergeants, and John Blair, Charles E. Hall, William
J. Hall and A. T. Goodrich, privates, of Battery F; W. C. Marvin and H. T. Graves,
Battery G, and Charles S. Kingsley, Batterj' L.

Charles K. Thompson served as assistant surgeon of the One Hundred and Fifty-
fifth regiment from March until June, 1865.

Tioga county was represented as follows in the Sixteenth Cavalry: Thomas
Bowell, corporal, and Thomas J. Archer, Charles G. Campbell, James L. Cook, Isaac
P. Foster and Leroy V. Kelts, Company B; William H. Beardsley, first lieutenant,
Andrew Cady, corporal, and W. J. Beecroft, William H. Garison, H. G. Smith,
Ezekiel Thomas and James Walter, privates. Company D; George H. Smith and
Sovrine Eumsey, Company H; George D. Beecher, second lieutenant. Company I, and
M, Buchanan, Company K.

Vincent F. Sly served as a private in Company G, One Hundred and Seventy-
first Drafted Militia.

Frank H. Purhen served as a private in Company H, One Hundred and Seventy-
third Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Harry T. Graves, now the editor of the Millerton Advocate, served in Company
E, One Hundred and Eighty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

* Killed or mortally wounded. 1 Wounded, t Died.



246 HISTOEY OF TIOGA COUNTY.

Dr. George D. Maine, of Mainesburg, served as surgeon of the One Hundred and
Ninety-second Pennsylvania Volunteers.

Euius Gr. Treat, of Chatham township, served as a private in Company D, One
Hundred and Mnty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

George E. Tripp, of Union township, served iu Company G, Two Hundred and
Third regiment.

Joseph P. Eipley, Volney Ripley, M. H. Fralic and HoUister Leach, of Richmond
township, served in Company K, Two Hundred and Tenth Pennsylvania Volunteers.

IN NEW YOHK HEGIMBNTS.

As Tioga coimty borders on the State of New York, some of her sons joined
regiments in that State. But owing to the difi&eolty of locating them it is almost
impossible to secure the names of aU.

Edward E. Rockwell served in Company K, Twenty-third regiment.

W. H. Leisenring, of Nauvoo, was color-bearer of the Thirty-third regiment.
He also served in the Third and in the One Hundred and Forty-eighth regiments.-

Leverne Kimball, of Osceola, and James Taft, of Knoxville, served in Company
E, Thirty-fourth regiment.

Floyd Ashley, Charles Rozelle, Philo TuUer, of Tioga, and Samuel Welch, served
in the Fiftieth regiment.

Seeley D. GreenJ, of Osceola, served in Company G, Sixty-fourth regiment.

Richard Smith, of Osceola, served in Company E, Seventy-seventh regiment.

In the Eighty-sixth regiment were the following: Amos P. Hawkins, Company
A; Asaph Johnson, of Osceola, Company B; George Vastbinder, of Osceola, Company
C; William E. Seely, of Osceola, and John Cornell, of Jackson, Company E; A. N.
Dunham, of Knoxville, Company F; Stephen P. ChaseJ, of Brookfield, color-bearer,
and Sylvester Hunt, of Brookfield, Company H, and Edwin B. Bulkley, of Westfield,
Company K.

Orville S. Kimball, of Westfield, and Harlan P. Kimball, served in Company I,
One Hundred and Third regiment.

William H. Lemger, of Osceola, served in Company K, One Hundred and Sev-
enth regiment.

Augustus CaduganJ, of Osceola, served in Company I, One Hundred and Six-
teenth regiment.

In the One Hundred and Forty-first regiment were the following: Gilbert H.
Tremain, of Westfield, Company D; John W. Hammond, captain, and Truman B.
Foote and Sylvester Tinney, all of Osceola, Company G.

David Sherman served in Company A, One Hundred and Forty-ninth regiment.

Dr. Lewis Darling, of Lawreneeville, served as surgeon of the One Hundred and
Sixty-first regiment; and Legrand G. Brant, of Lawrence township, in Company G;
James Freeland, of Osceola, in Company H, and Clark K. Cameron, of Osceola, in
Company I, of this regiment.

John L. Robb, of Parmington, now a resident of Wellsboro, served in Company
D, One Hundred and Ninety-fourth regiment.

* Killed or morrtally wounded, t Wounded, f Died.



WAE OF THE KBBBLLION. 247



Thomas C. Knapp, of Lawrence townshipj enlisted in the First Cavalry, but was
afterward transferred to the Second Cavalry.

Leroy Hoaglin, lieutenant, George Mack and Andrew Sutton, all of Osceola,
served in Company G, Second Veteran Cavalry. Delos Kelts, of Lawrence township,
served in Company B, and Luman M. Smith, of Lavrrence township, in Company B
of this regiment. Anderson Bunn served in the Twelfth Cavalry, and J. J. Brady in
the Mounted Eifles. Seeley D. Green, of Osceola, after re-enlistment, served in Com-
pany G, Twenty-second Cavalry.

Eev. Stephen M. Dayton, of Osceola, served in Battery D, Thirteenth Heavy
Artillery.

IN OTHES STATES.

Daniel Butler, of Charleston, served in the First Minnesota regiment.

Lott M. Webb served on the United States gunboat Kinea, in the Gulf squadron.

C. M. Prutsman, of Tioga, was an orderly sergeant in the Seventh Wisconsin
Volunteers. Horace Johnson, of Tioga, served in the same command.

George E. Stauiier, of Sullivan, served in Company C, Second Maryland Cavalry.

John Lynch, of Osceola, served in Company F, First Connecticut Cavalry.

Dr. Lewis Darling, Jr., of Lawrenceville, served as assistant surgeon at Washing-
ton, D. C, one year, was then assigned to the Western army, and in 1864 was the
operating surgeon of the Twenty-third Army Corps, and later served as surgeon in
the navy.

Thomas V. Darling, a brother of Lewis, served four years in the United States
Marine Corps.

Dr. Milton P. Orton, of Lawrenceville, served as surgeon from 1863 until his
death at Hatteras Inlet, February 3, 1864.

Capt. H. S. Green, formerly of Wellsboro, served from Kansas, in "Jim Lane's
Brigade."

Capt. A. M. Pitts, who died in Mansfield, October 3, 1891, enlisted as a private
in Company A, Seventh Kansas Cavalry, August 10, 1863, and was successively pro-
moted until he became captain of Company D, the same year. He was honorably
discharged in September, 1865.

Charles Irvin, of Union township, a brother of ex-Sheriff John Irvin, served in
the Twelfth Illinois Volunteers, and was killed at Fort Donelson.

EOTJETEENTH TTHriTED STATES IHTFANTEY.

Company C, of the First battalion, of the above regiment, had the following
Tioga county men, mustered August 37, 1863, for three years:

Homer J. Eipley, commissioned first lieutenant June 3, 1865; captain
September 15, 1867; resigned January 1, 1871. James B. Eumsey, hospital steward;
William H. Eumsey, sergeant; Abijah S. Eeynolds, corporal. Privates: Henry
Sliagerland, L. F. Doud, Melville L. Maine, George Clark, Charles Clarke, Charles
A. Jones, B. P. Ford, Harvey Peters, Willard Compton, James Vahzile, Truman
Mudge. They were mustered out in August, 1865.

Captain Eipley was mustered as captain of Company D, Thirty-second regiment,

* Killed or mortally wounded. JWounded. f Died.



248 HISTORY OF TIOGA COUNTY.

United States army, which was the Third battalion of the Fourteenth infantry, and
served in Arizona and other parts of the west until his resignation in 1871. He
closed his third consecutive term as register and recorder of Tioga county, January
4, 1897.

SOLDIBES' MONUMENT.

West of the pagoda, on "The Green," facing the court house, is the monument
erected to the memory of the soldiers and sailors of Tioga county, who gave their
lives for the defense of the Union during the War of the Rebellion. This monument
was unveiled and dedicated ISTovember 18, 1886, with appropriate ceremonies. It is
of Green Mountain granite, which has a soft gray tinge when unpolished, very hard
and enduring, and which takes a fine and lasting polish. The only polished portions
are the tablets. The one facing Main street bears the following inscription:

In Memory of

the

Soldiers and Sailors

of

Tiog-a County

who died

That the Nation Might Live.

1861—1865.

The tablet on the opposite side of the monument contains the single line:
It is noble to die for one's country.

The base and shaft of the monument is twenty-five feet high, and the base stone
is eight feet square. The figure of the infantry soldier, that fittingly crowns the
work, is a very finely-cut and life-like statue, seven feet six inches high. It weighs
nearly a ton and cost $3,000. The cost of the whole work, including incidentals,
was about $4,600. This amount was raised by voluntary contributions throughout
the county.

The occasion of unveiling the monument was a memorable one. Despite the
inclement weather, there was a large attendance. The opening address was by M.
H. Cobb, followed by General Gobin, orator of the day. The monument was pre-
sented to George Cook Post, G. A. E., by Hon. Henry W. Williams, who referred to
the fact that Tioga county contributed nearly 3,000 men to suppress the Rebellion.
This, out of a population of about 31,000, was a large number — almost one in ten—
and of this number probably one-fourth lost their lives, on the field of battle, in the
hospital or in the prison pens of the South.

The muffled drum's sad roll has beat

The soldier's last tattoo;
No more on life's parade shall meet

That brave and fallen few.
On fame's eternal camping ground

Their silent tents are spread,
But glory guards, with solemn round.

The bivouac of the dead.

LOSSES IN THE WAH.

Maj. George W. Merrick, in an address made a few years ago on Decoration Day,
said:



LITEKATUEE OF TIOGA. 249



At the breaking out of the Civil War the adult male population of the county was
about SIX thousand. Of this number two thousand enlisted in the Federal armies. The
spirit of the fathers lived in the sons. Of this number, there were lost in battle: At
Fredericksburg, 19; South Mountain, 16; Antietam, 6; Gettysburg, 15; Wilderness, 18;
Cold Harbor, 15; Petersburg, 47; and in thirty-five other battles of the war, 182; acci-
dentally killed, 3; died in Union hospitals, 62; died while prisoners of war, 56. Total loss
during the continuance of the war, 445. Twenty-two per cent, of the whole number en-
listed laid down their lives for their country! These simple figures speak volumes for
the loyalty of Tioga county in the War of the Kebellion.



CHAPTEE XYL

LITEEATUEE OP TIOGA.

JosiAH Emery's English Grammar— Lydia Jane Pierson, the Forest Minstrel
—Mary Emily Jackson, a Native Poetess— M. H. Cobb, Printer and Poet—
"Nessmuk," the Lover and Poet op Nature— His Rambles, Travels, and
Writings.



IT is scarcely known that Tioga has a literature of which any county might feel
proud. The first publication was an English Grammar, made as early as 1829.
It was by Josiah Emery, a teacher in the old Academy at that time. The grammar,
which was a small work, was "designed as a first book for children commencing the
study." It was copyrighted March 9, 1829, and was entitled "An Abridgment of
English Grammar, by J. Emery, A. B." The certificate of copyright is signed by
James Armstrong, clerk of the Western District of Pennsylvania, at Williamsport.
The little grammar has long since passed out of print and it is almost impossible at
this day to find a copy. In fact there are few living who have any knowledge of it.

LYDIA JANE PIEESON.

Mrs. Lydia Jane Pierson, for many years a resident of Tioga county, attained
great distinction as a poetess, and for years ranked with the best female poets of
America. Her maiden name was Wheeler, and she was born in Middletown, Connec-
ticut, in 1802. When sixteen years of age her parents removed to Madison county,
New York, where she was employed in teaching school until 1821, when she married
Oliver Pierson, a widower, of Cazenovia, twenty-four years her senior, and the father
of five children. Her biographer, Mr. Goodrich, says that about the time of their
marriage Mr. Pierson traded a farm for one thousand acres of wild land lying in the
western part of Liberty and the eastern part of Morris townships, Tioga county, and
in the following year he moved with his young wife, accompanied by two of his
married daughters and their husbands, to this land. The country was then (1823)
in such a wilderness condition that they were obliged to cut a road nearly the whole



250 HISTOKT OF TIOGA COUNTY.



distance from the Block Hoiise settlement (five miles) to his land, and then make an
old log cabin their temporary abode until lumber could be hauled a long distance
to construct a better dwelling.

It was here, under these adverse and trying circumstances — so unlike what she
had been used to — contending with stern fate, yet holding "sweet converse with
nature and with nature's charms," that she began to write poetry. To a spirit like
hers, in a wilderness home, surrounded by so many sore trials — ^both domestic and
pecuniary — ^Ufe would have been a great burden had she not been inspired by an
intense religious zeal, which not only found expression in her daily work and life,
but was also the chief theme of her songs, which bear a strong resemblance to the
poems of Mrs. Hemans.

Soon after the establishment of The Pioneer, at Wellsboro, she began writing for
that paper, and many fine pieces not found in her published volumes, appeared in
its columns.

Some time in 1833, Mr. Pierson, who had by that time cleared a farm, rented
it and removed with his family to Jersey Shore, when his wife became a contributor
to the Lycoming Gazette, then a weekly paper of some prominence, published at WiU-
iamsport. At the end of two years Mr. Pierson purchased a bill of merchandise on
credit, returned with his family to his old home, and attempted to carry on a mer-
cantile business, but disastrously failed, and his farm of 400 acres was sold by the
sherifE to satisfy his creditors. The property was bid off by Judge Ellis Lewis and
A. V. Parsons, and deeded to Thaddeus Stevens in trust for Mrs. Pierson during her
life, and at her death to be divided among her children.

Her good luck came about in this wise. At the time Mr. Stevens, as a member of
the legislature, was advocating the free school system, she wrote a poem compli-
mentary of both him and the system, which pleased him so much that he sent her
fifty dollars, subsequently made her acquaintance, became the trustee of the property
of herself and children, and educated one of her sons. And through his aid, and
some kind friends in Philadelphia, she had her first volume of poems — ^Forest
Leaves — published in 1845. The following year her second volume — The Forest
Minstrel — was published. Each of these volumes comprise 364 pages, and they in-
clude from seventy-five to eighty poems each. Of the longest and best sustained
poems of a high order of merit, may be mentioned "The "Wandering Spirit,"
"Changes," "A Moonlight Dream," "Sunrise in the Forest," "Sunset in the Forest,"
"The White Thorn and Lennorah," ajid "Elijah on Mount Horeb," all contained in
Forest Leaves; and in The Forest Minstrel such as "The Three Marys," "Old Letters,"
"The Shipwreck," "The Battle Field," etc., may be found.

There is high authority for sayrag that some of the compositions here mentioned,
and many others of less eztent contained in these two volumes, "will bear com-
parison with theproductions of the most popular and gifted American poets." N. P.
Willis, a high and recognized authority in literature, once said of Mrs. Pierson that
in sacred and Christian themes she bore away from him the palm.

During a part of 1849 and 1850 Mrs. Pierson edited the Lancaster Intelligencer.
In 1853 she and her husband, with two daughters and five sons of the second mar-
riage, went to Adrian, Michigan, leaving one daughter, Mrs. Emmick, on the old
homestead. In this latter place she died in 1862, aged sixty years, and is there



LITEHATUEE OE TIOGA. 251



buried. Her widowed husband returned to Liberty, and died at Mrs. Emmick's house
in 1865, aged eighty-seven years. Of this large family not more than one or two
axe now living.

Her trials and tribulations were great, but in the midst of her sorrows her
genius shown resplendant and made her name immortal. One of the most pathetic
of her poems, not usually found in her published collections, is on the departure
from her forest home in Tioga county. It is as follows:

THE LONG FAREWELL.
Farewell ! ye woody wilds, a long farewell,

With acMng heart I bid this fond adien;
Ye verdant hills and every lonely dell,

And silver streams that glide the forest thro' ;
Ye bowers of ever verdant laurel wreathes,
And shades where florid health forever breathes.

Perhaps the last gaze now rests on you.

1 saw ye first with agonizing breast.

And tear drops from the heart's recesses wrung,

And friendships severed bonds my soul distrest.
And every hand that late to mine had clung.

And every eye illum'd with light divine,

Whose tearful lingering gaze was fix'd on mine,
Seemed present to my heart by absence stung.

Yet soon I found in the unbroken calm

Of nature's uninvaded deep repose,
A sacred rest, a tranquilizing- balm,

A half oblivion of the keenest woes —
I found a solemn joy amid the gloom,
As mourners find o'er virtue's grass-grown tomb.

And saw "the desert blossom like the rose."

I've seen industry fill the forest's pride.

And cultivation bring her magic wand.
And holy friendship near to bliss allied,

Presented me again her faithful hand —
Contentment beamed upon the calm retreat.
And peace and half blown joys with incense sweet.

Combined to chain my heart with firmest band.

Yet now I go — ^perhaps no more to trace
The foot path winding thro' the dewy glade,

Or gaze with rapture on the beaming face
Of lov'd companion thro' the chequer'd shade.

Or sit and rest upon the fallen tree.

While nature's truth in open converse free.
Unveiled the heart and flitting time betray'd.

Farewell ye woods — farewell ye cultur'd fields.
Ye infant fruit trees and ye cherish'd fiowers,

Some other shall enjoy your ripen'd yields.

And ye shall soothe some other's twilight hours;

Will friendship sometimes as it passes by,

Bend on your early buds a tearful eye.
And think of her who lov'd your balmy bowers ?



252 HISTORY OF TIOGA COUNTY.



Farewell my friends — ^heaven wills that we shall part,

But absence cannot break affection's chain,
And while remembrance clings around my heart.

Your idea ever cherish'd shall remain —
Oft shall I weep amid the bustling scene,
For those with whom 1 rov'd the wild wood green.

Or live by memory's light with them again.

O ! can I say we shall not meet again —

No, hope forbids that fear to be exprest ;
Yet, ah ! what bitter days, what months of pain.

What cruel pangs may wring each absent breast;
What tears may fall above affection's tomb;
What cherish'd hopes may wither in their bloom,

Before these hands in mine again are prest.

! hide my errors in oblivion's wave.

And twine my friendship with the laurel wreath.

1 have no foes — ^that name I never gave

To erring mortal on this world beneath —
Remember me, and while heaven's light I view,
In sacred truth I'll breathe a prayer for you,

'Till this warm heart is cold and still in death.

— Ltdia Jane.

maht emily jackson.

Mary Emily Jackson early in life evinced a talent for writing verse of a high
order, and became distinguished for her talent. She was born in 1821, in Wells-
boro, and was reared by her grandfather, Ebenezer Jackson. Her mother was
one of his (Ebenezer's) daughters. Miss Jackson was a pupil in the "Old Academy,"
and it was while attending school that her poetic genius began to develop, and
between 1830 and 1840 she was at the height of her fame.

Mr. Henry H. Goodrich, in a brief sketch of her, published several years ago,
says that she contributed poems to the Wellsboro Phoenix, and subsequently to
the Saturday Evening Post, and the New Yorker, obtaining from them such a high
appreciation of her talent that Horace Greeley, the principal editor of the latter
paper, invited her to become a member of his household and write regularly for his
paper. This flattering offer she declined.

It is regretted that her poems were not collected and published in a volume.
All were fugitive pieces, and few can be found at this day. Her poetry was marked
by much harmony of expression, versatility of thought, and delicacy of sentiment,
combined with a calm, gentle and appreciative love of nature; but imbued with
that spirit of sadness instinctive in and characteristic of the true poet. She was
possessed of more than ordinary personal charm and beauty, which joined to her
amiable disposition and adorned by her literary talent, made her society esteemed,
and won for her many admiring friends. She was of medium height, with hair
and eyes dark, complexion pale and delicate, and manner of exceeding grace. In
1843 she married Isaac Cleaver, of Covington, and went there to reside, when she
discontinued her contributions to the press. She died at the residence of her son
Isaac, at Troy, Bradford county, in 1869, and is-buried by the side of her husband
at Covington, who preceded her to the grave. They had two sons and one daughter.
The latter, named for her mother, married H. F. Long.



LITEEATUKE OF TIOGA. 253



Tradition says that her finest poem was entitled "My Mountain Home," but



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