Emanuel Swedenborg.

History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania online

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I had difficulty to get it in the road again. There was not a dry thread on me, and the
•outside of my clothes was frozen stiff. It was twelve [midnight] o'clock before I got to
the mill,* the first house before me; and there were neither hay nor stable when I got
there. I thought my poor horses would freeze to death.

Next morning as soon as the daylight appeared, I cut a stick and put a roller to my
sled — the very wood seemed filled with ice. I started from there at ten o'clock, and had
fifteen miles to go to Wells'. The snow was two feet deep and there was scarcely a track
in the road. I met Mr. Wells' negro five miles this side of his house, coming to meet me,
on horseback, about sunset. He said there was a byroad that was a mile nearer than the
•one I was on, and he undertook to pilot me, but soon lost the path and we wandered
about among the trees till at length my sled pitched into a hole and upset. I then un-
hooked my horses from the sled and asked the negro if he thought he could pilot me to
-the house, but he acknowledged himself lost.

I looked about and took a view of the stars and started with my four horses, leaving
ithe pork in the wood, and fortunately reached Wells'. When I got there he had neither
hay nor stable, or any kind of feed, nor any place to confine my horses, and I had to tie
them to the trees. He had a place dug in a log that I could feed two of my horses at a
time!

All the buildings that he had erected were two small cabins, adjoining each other —
one for himself and family, about sixteen feet square, that I could not stand straight in —
built of logs, with bark for an upper floor, and split logs for the lower floor. The negro
cabin was a little larger, but built of the same material. I sat by the fire until morning.
It took me all that day to get my pork to the house and settle. I started the next morn-,
ing for home without any feed to give my horses, after they had stood there two nights,
and the snow was up to their bellies. I have been particular in detailing the circum-
.stances of this trip, leaving you to judge of the hardships that I had to endure; but it is
■only a specimen of much of the kind that I have had to encounter through life.

The route traveled by General Burrows was by what is known as the "State
Road," built in 1799. It is described in the chapter on "Internal Improvements."
His description of the primitive residence of one of the pioneers of Delmar town-
ship will give the reader a vivid idea of the privations endured by the early settlers
in the wilderness. The cabin erected by Wells was located about two miles and
a half southwest of the site of Wellsboro. He was a brother-in-law of Benjamin
Wistar Morris.

TAXABLES OF 1813.

The following list of names of the taxables of the county for 1812, taken from
the "corrected assessment of seated and personal property" for that year, furnishes

* Supposed to have been the Morris Mills already refered to.




// ^*' 'lyJao^Ajc^



THE PIONEERS.



65



the best obtainable information as to who were here as early as the close of 1811,
with the amount of real and personal property possessed by each person assessed.
This is the earliest assessment to be found on file in the commissioners' office,
and appears to have been the first made after the official machinery of the county
was in operation. The previous assessments were made under the direction of
the authorities of Lycoming county, to which Tioga county was attached, for
judicial and other purposes, for several years after its creation in 180-1. At the
time the assessment was made the county was divided into two townships — Tioga
and Delmar — the former created originally in li'J7, and the latter in 1805.



TIOGA TOWNSHIP.



AdamB, Rufus.

Adams, Timothy,

Adams, Lyman (saw-mill),

Allen, William,

Ayres, Stephen,

Allen, Charles,

Bentley, Benjamin,

Baldwin, Ebenezer,

Baker, William (tanyard),

Baldwin, Rufus,

Baldwin, Thomas (one-half saw-mill) ,

Bless, Aaron,

Burley, Ebenezer,

Burley, David,

Bailey, Constant

Baker, Isaac,

Brings, Simeon,

Boylean, James,

Beneon, John,

Bud, John,

Bacon, Alvin

Bacon, Daniel

Bacon, Ebenezer

Baoon, William,

Bailey, Robert ....

Button, Alpheus,

Baldwin, Isaac (saw-mill),

Berry, Rachel

Bailey, Grlffln,

Clark, Elijah,

Cannon, Cornelius,

Cady, John

Chambers, Benjamin,

demons, David, . . . ■ •

Crandle, John,

Cannon, Jacob ...

Cannon, StiUman,

Cudworth, Paul

('uihvnrlli, Apolloa,

<'liui-cliill, Thomas,

Corey, Jonathan,

Coroy, Jonathan, Jr

Dttgfifett, Seth

Doud, Poleg

Da^Kfott, Reuben

DoPuy, Elijah

Uartt, Joshua,



46

100

160

50

60



100

160

20

98

100

412

114

100

100

146

215

60

100



160

100
90
91

260
60
90

290
60

175

100



100

70

100

50

100

100

100

87

60

160

168

181



VALUATIO!*.



$216 00

UiO 00
405 00
76 00
75 00
10 00
440 00
:i07 60
160 00
197 00
818 00
f)-J7 00
•2VJ 00
160 00
■.'IH( 00
•J21 00

•J7i; .')()

60 00
170 00

•20 00
237 50
184 00

90 00
167 00
890 00

60 00
458 00
715 00

72 60
3W1 00

•2(1 00
2t;5 00

70 00
153 00

87 60
150 00

60 00
215 00

IIMJ 00

$145 00

225 00

94 00

IWl 00
227 00
194 00



80 00



(1 08

08

2 02

87

87

06

2 26

1 98

79

98

1 69

2 68
1 09

75

1 00

1 10

1 3i;

30

86

10

1 18

92

45

88

1 95
80

2 26

3 67
36

1 80
10

1 32
35
76
43
75
30

1 07
60
Tl!

1 12
47
95

1 18
'J'

2 06
40



66



HISTOET OF TIOGA COUNTY.



VALUATION.



Elliott, Nathaniel,

Elliott, John

Everts, Solomon,

Franklin, John,

Fellows, Nathan

Fosset, Jonathan,

Greenleaf, Israel,

Goodhue, Daniel,

Gordon, John,

Gray, John,

Greeno, Moses,

Gitchell, Levi,

Gitchell, Eli,

Gitchell, Aaron,

Gray, James,

Gifford, Noah,

Gifford, Judah,

Gray, James, Jr.,

Hart, George,

Hart, Adam (one still),

Hill, Nathan,

Haws, Ebenezer,

Higley, Samuel

Hughes, Henry,

Hammond, Josiah,

Hammond, Erastus,

Hammond, Joseph

Hakes, Beebe,

Harris, Alexander,

Ives, Benajah,

Ingersoll, B Montgomery, . .

IngersoU, Daniel, Jr.,

Inscho, Obadiah,

Ingersoll, Daniel,

Ives, Timothy, ...

Ives, John. Jr.,

Jackson, Ebenezer (tan-yard),

Jackson, Lorentes,

Jennings, Oliver

Kies, Samuel,

Kelso, John,

Kiphart, Jacob, Jr

Kiphart, Jacob,

Kies, William, ...

Kilburn, Ira,

Kelley, Nghemiah,

Losey, Jesse, , . ...

London, Benjamin,

Lamb, Gad,

Lamb, Daniel,

Lamb, Harry,

Loper, Uriah,

Lindsey, David,

Ludington, William,

Lewis, Thomas,

Lane, Allen,

Laurence, Jonathan (hatter),

Laurence, Henry (one-half a saw-mill),

Laurence, Benjamin,

King, John,

King, Simeon,

Knowlton, Henry,

McCane, Samuel,

Mudge, Aaron

Mitchell, Richard,

Maine, John (one-half a saw-mill), . .



400
90
36



100
100
200



120
100
210
100
100

73
400
100

50
100



264

50

100

100

28



200
82
50



100



200
300



100



200
122
100
6
150



200

50

239

127J

nii

50
173
100
150
100



150



50
50
150
50
100
865
160



$640 00
5(0 00
54 00
10 00
190 00
160 00
310 50



258 00
210 00
505 00
160 00
210 50

259 50
525 00
140 00

50 00
100 00

60 00
929 50

60 00
810 00
250 00

66 00

40 00
206 00
286 00

50 00

10 00
430 00-

50 00

40 00
790 00

40 00
470 00

10 00

55 00
40 00

240 00

40 00

410 00

472 00

380 00

29 00

750 00

40 00

425 00

65 00

376 00

252 50

242 50

106 00

319 50

205 00

160 00

220 00

20 00

423 00

50 00

68 00

50 00

195 00

56 00
140 00
835 00
375 00



THE PIOXEEBS.



VALUATIOB.



Mitchell, Robert,

Mitchell, Thomas,

Middaugh, Joseph (half a whiskey-still),

Marvin John,

Miller, Jacob,

Mann, Asa,

Moore, Silas,

Miller, Joshua,

Mudge, Ira

Mudge, Joshua,

Miller, Garret,

Miller, Garret, Jr.,

Miller, Samuel

Moss, David

Mosa, Benoni

Miller, David (one-half a saw-mill), . .

Miller, Vaughan,

Norton, Trueman,

Newell, John,

Nash, Noah

Nichols, David

Niles, Nathan

Overton, Thomas (half asaw-mill and half

a grist mill),
Orvis, Jesse,



Power. Simeon ^physician)

Prltchard, Calvin,

Prltchard, Lyman,

Plainer, Widow,

Prutsman, Jacob

Pitts, Hanover,

Pain, Clement,

Pain, David

Prentiss, Levi,

Prutsman, Nicholas

Putnam, Elijah,

Putnam, Thomas,

Rathbun, William (half a saw-mill), . .

Reep, Jacob,

Roberts. Eliza,

Rutta, Samuel,

Rowley, Nathan

Reynolds, Obadiah,

Rose, Russell

Rumsey, Noah

Rumsoy. Jeremiah,

Rexford. Thomas,

Rose, William,

Reynolds, Samuel,

Spencer, Uriah (one-half still), . .

Sullard, James,

Sutlard, Stephen

Spencer, Amos (one-half grist-mill), . . .

Snaw, Joshua,

Spencer, Mica (book store)

Sp.'iuM'i-. Jonathan L. (one-half grist-mill),

Si-ftiimii.M. Gardner

Soely, James,

Soely, Jesse,

Smith, Ui-nssohu-r.

Smith, Honjaniin,

Smith, Jcsso,

Sharp, AniliTW

Staples, Samuel

Shod, Simoon

Sharp, Cornelius



90

160
100
200
256
50



too

50
205
166
160
190

50
200
100

60
100
298

20
226

307

60

60

101

100

60

140

98

800

97

200

29

400

400

666

260

60

60

100



16

50

276

99

190

200

150

60

60

11

100

61

4

50

200

100

100



8
160

160



1390 00

80 00
370 00
150 00
320 00
360 00
110 00

90 00
170 00

86 00
240 00
166 UO
287 60
200 00

50 00
618 00
no 00

60 00
143 00
622 00

80 00
297 60



682
60

•-'02
ITK

:i4i)

!)C
680

no

300

lill!

819

168

740

630

1,879

1,020

97

To

iTi;

30

42

60

836

106

L"j2

2T0

7T0

167

107

166

169

130

V2

60

340

100

104

30

66

242

30

88

266



50
ftO
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
0<)
00
1)1)
50
00
00
Oi)
60
00
00
50
50
00
00
60
60
60
00
00
00
00

.HI

00
00
00
00
60
00
00
00



91 96
40

1 86
75

1 60

1 80
65
45
85
42

1 -JO
88

1 18

1 00
26

2 69
66
26
71

8 11
40

1 48

2 91
30

1 31
89

1 70
49

2 90
65

1 50
52

1 59
79

3 70
3 16

i; 89
r, 10

48
37
86
16
21
30

I 68
63

1 46

1 35

3 85
83
53
83
84
65
86
30

1 70
60
52
16
88

1 21
16
44

1 27



68



HISTOBY OF TIOGA COUNTY.



VALUATION.



Taylor, Charles,

Taylor, Moses,

Trout, Adam

Vail, Levi (one-half still),

Van Campen, James,

Van Wy, Henry,

Westbrook, Samuel,

"Williams, Elisha,

Waldo, John,

"Willard. William ^one-half saw-mill).

"Wilson, Joseph,

Westbrook, Benjamin, .......

Wilson, Thomas, ...

Wilson, John,

Walker, Daniel,

Washburn, Isaiah, Jr.,

Welch, Nathaniel, Jr.,

"Welch, Nathaniel,

Welch, Samuel,

"Weast, Abraham

Wood, Lemuel,

Washburn, Isaiah,

Wbitten, Luther,

Youngman, John C.

Youngman, John,



100
200



260
66
76
100
100
567



30
157



200
100
180
150
100
100
200
100
50
100
100



$100 00
203 00

'191 00

80 00
515 00
128 00
288 00
180 00
115 00
1,490 00

40 00
260 00
416 50

40 00
405 00
140 00
222 50
227 50
100 00
114 00
280 00
100 00

75 00
175 00
172 00



$ 50

1 01
14
40

2 57
64

1 44
90
57

7 45
20

1 30

2 08
20

2 02
70

1 11

1 13
50
57

1 40
50
37
87



The names of the following "single freemen," each of whom was assessed g,
tax of seventy-five cents, appear on the same list: Stephen Ayres, David
Burley, Ebenezer Bacon, Elisha Burk, William Biolloek, Jacob Cannon, John
Clark, William Cricket, John Covey, Apollos Cudworth, Paul Cudworth, jr.,
Judah Gifford, John Hart, Elias Houghtaling, Benjamin Ives, John Ives, Jr.,
Lorentes Jackson, Jesse Kies, Jacob Kiphart, Jr., Daniel Lamb, Harry Lamb, Benoni
Moss, Erastns Niles, Calvin Pritchard, N"athan Eowley, Jr., Jesse Seely, John
Thomson, Thomas VanCamp, and James VanCamp, Jr.

DELMAE TOWNSHIP.



VALUATION.



Alling'ton, John,

Allington, William,

- Austin, Caleb,

Atkins, Samuel,

Bailey, Roswell,

Bonney, Thomas,

Babb, Samson (saw-mill), ...

Baldwin, Isaac (saw-mill),

Blanohard, Charles (one-third saw-mill),
Bulkley, Israel (distillery), .......

Bonney, Jonathan,

Bowen, Emmer (one-half a saw-mill), . .

Bloss, borman,

Baker, Abisha (town lot),

Blanchard, Abner,

Burdick, Jesse,

Beecher, Thomas (one-third grist-mill). .
Beecher, Hopestill (one-third grist-mill),
Beecher, John (one-third grist mill), . .



60
150
100



100
42
100
400
246
350
50
129



98



50
160
160



$97 00
304 00
148 00

12 00
153 00

54 00
435 50
920 00
648 50
943 00

82 00
448 50

12 00

26 72
310 00

60 00
240 00
654 On
613 00



i 48

1 52
74
06
76
27

2 17
4 60

3 24

4 71
41

2 24
06
13

1 55

30

1 20

3 27
3 06



THE FIONEEBS.



09



HORSES- OXEH.



TALCiTION.



Bryant, David,

Bowen, Zadoc,

Cheney, Alpheus (two town lots), . . . .

Culver, Timothy,

Colvin, Joshua,

Coates, Frederick,

Cook, Levi,

Colvin, Joseph,

Costley, James,

Carpenter, Samuel,

Cook, Reuhen,

Coates, Lintsford,

Culver, Amasa (one-third saw-mill), . . .
Coates, Timothy (moved away).

(jady, Abel,

Clooa, Newbury,

Carpenter, Charles,

Cady, Curtis

Carpenter, Jedediah,

Dill, Samuel,

Darling, Stephen

Ellis, Richard

Furman, Josiah, . . •

Freeman, Ichabod,

Faulkner, John,

Faulkner, William,

Faulkner, Joseph,

Flurance. Peter,

Fisher, Samuel W. (grist-mill and saw-
mill)

Furman, Aaron,

Fish, Joseph,

Greenleaf, Israel

Gaylord, Jonathan,

Goodwin, Richard,

Gardner, John (moved away).

Graves, John,

George, Bedford

Greenleaf, David

GiUet, Aaron

GiUet, Aaron, Jr.,

Hill, William (three town lots)

Hotchkisa, Harris,

Hazlett, Samuel (one-hall a saw-mill), - .

Howland, Eddy,

Hill, Elihii

Holden, William

Hill, Ebenezer

Hoadley, William,

Hammond, David,

Ives, Roswell

Ives, Timothy (one town lot),

Ives, John (2d),

Ives, Titus,

Johnson, Joseph ••....

Jackson, Lorontes,

Jay, David,

Joseph, John

Jordan, Daniel

Knox, Margaret

Kelsoy, Joseph

Kelsey, Daniel

Kent, Jaboz,

Llndsey, David (three town lots), . . .

Lapbam, Jesse

Losey, Jesse,



80



212

200

60

68

50



62
100

75
125



64
60



1,000
200

40
148
100

60



200
60
60

600
16

100



400
100
340



200
100
800
160
6
100



200
300
100

26
160
400
100

•2b



80
100
180
100
100



160
260
126



1
4
2i



•I



$102 00
30 00

116 44
313 00
445 0»
234 00

; 2o2 00
: 234 W

! 12 IK I

! 03 00

271

15" 00

I 883 00

•22 00

I 886 00

2IMI 00

22 '

l.i 00

12 00

87 00

1,147 00

1 4911 60

72 00

2'.iM 00

•422 00

210 00

12 00

844 00

f 135 00
I 80 00

781 00
I 82 00

352 00

j •12 00

«77 00

I 100 00

' 360 00

12 00

325 66

i 161 00

i 800 50

607 00

I 46 00

100 00

12 00

201 00

618 00

168 00

52 22

336 00

677 OO

117 00
87 60
12 00

167 00
224 00
477 00
377 00
148 00
12 00
2m I 16
301 00
198 00



$



51
16
58

1 66

2 22
1 17



1 41

1 17
06
46

1 35
76

1 91



11
68
00
11
07
06
18
78
49
36
49
11
08
06



4 22
67
40

8 66
41

1 76



21
8 88

60
1 80

06
1 62

80
4 00
3 08

28

50

06

1 00

2 66
84
26

I 68

8 88

58



18
06
88

1 12

2 38
1 88

74

06

1 40

1 80

99



70



HISTORY OY TIOGA COUNTY.



VALUATION.



Log-an, Paul,

Matteson, Alexander,

Matteson, Solomon,

Matteson, Jonathan,

Merrick, Israel, ..... ....

Mann, Nathaniel,

Manning-, Thomas,

Mitchell, William

Miller, Samuel,

Matteson, James,

Mead, Nathan fmoved away),

Merrick, Israel, Jr.,

Morris, Samuel W. (eight town lots), . .

Mathers, John

Morris, Benjamin Wistar,

Mann, Asa

Moore, Mordecai,

Murry, Eben,

Niles, Aaron,

Niles, Nathan,

Niles, Nathan, Jr.,

Norris, John (two and one-third town lots),

Phillips, Spencer,

Pierce, Baker,

Phillips, Daniel,

Parker, John,

Place, Asa

Prentiss, Thomas,

Rexford, Simon,

Ryers, .John P.,

Read, Daniel, .

Ryon, John,

Rathbun, Thomas (one-third saw-mill),

Robinson, Joseph,

Shed, Simeon,

Steele, Robert,

Sligh (Sly), Henry (one town lot), . . .

Starkweather, Elijah,

Shumway, Peter

Short, Reuben,

Scott, Luke,

Strait, Jonathan,

Streeter, Widow,

Strait, David

Seely, Nathaniel

Short, John, '.

Short, Benoni,

Short, Asa,

Seelye, Ebenezer (one-half saw-mill), .

Strawbridge, George

Sweet, John, [

Swimeley, Joseph '.

^ Schoonover, Christopher,

Seely, Benjamin

Stiles, Jonathan,

Seelye, Julius,

Strait, James,

Salsbury, Benjamin,

Spencer, Uriah,

Short, David,

Thompson, Bethlehem (grist-mill), . .

Taylor, Widow,

Taylor, Samuel

Taylor, Ebenezer ....

Tubbs, Samuel,

Taylor, Silas,



100

50

63

50

100

20

300

100

126

20

100

776

675

100



100



50
50
50
170
300
100
150
120
120
100



80
100
116
160
150
400
100

60
250
250



100



50

80

120

60

100

100

466

9

64

90



269



80
100
169

73
407
200
100
225
650

50



1

4
1



1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
4
1
2
2
8
1
1
2
3



1
8
2
1



$100 00
267 00

189 00
264 00

190 00
172 00
357 00
161 00
198 00

40 00

881 50

1,117 26

187 00



102 00
25 00

194 50
82 00
50 00

233 00
366 80
188 00
282 00
267 00
231 00
182 00

25 00
374 00
300 00

234 00
258 00
400 00
680 00
153 00

62 00

76 72
296 00
312 00

60 00
206 00

12 00
115 00
177 00
256 50

96 00
112 00
122 50
1,043 00
,45 00
314 00

188 00
20 00
42 00

438 00

12 00

160 50

189 00
171 00
133 00
888 00
680 00
162 00
795 00

1,408 00
62 00



! 50

1 33

94

1 27

95

86

1 78
80
99
20

4 40

5 58
93

2 00
51
13
97
41
25

1 16



94


1 41


1 33


1 15


91


12i


1 87


1 50


1 17


1 29


2 00


3 40


76


26


38


1 48


1 66


30


1 03


06


57


88


1 28


47


56


61


5 22


22


1 67


94


10


21


2 19


06


80


69


85


66


4 44


3 40


81


8 97


7 04


31



COUXTT OBGAXIZATIOX COMPLETED.



71



ACBES- HOB3ES- 1 OZE9. COWS. VALCATIOS. ! TAX.



Thomas, Ezekiel, . . .
Tuttle, Ay res (grist-mill,)
Thomas, Jonathan, . . .
Tuttle, Sheldon, ....
Van Natta, Jacob, . . .

White, Elisha,

Williams, Robert, . . .

Williams, Bob,

Wright, Cyprian, ....
Wheeler, Orva, . .
Willard, Oliver, ....
Yarnall, James,



50
100

50
100

45
100
100

98
100
•20O



1 ! 2



I



$ 53 00
333 00
111 00
167 50

67 50
223 00
208 00

12 00

3 47

102 00

247 00

69 00



$



26
1 66

55

84

33
1 Hi
1 04

06
1 73

51
1 123

34



The names of the following "single freemen" also appear on the same list,
each of whom was taxed seventy-five cents: Eli Abbott, Sylvester Bailey, Samson

Babb, Jr., Royal Blanchard, Edmijah Blanchard, Blanchani. Zadoc

Bowen, Isaac Gaylord, David Greenleaf, John Hazlett, David Henry, William
Holden, John McKinley, William Mathias, and Israel Merrick, Jr.



CHAPTER VI.

COUNTY OEGANIZATION COMPLETED.

Location of County Seat— Trustees Appointed— Proposals fdr a Site Ad
VERTiSED PoK— The Offer of Benjamin Wistar Morris Accepted - Location
Made— Why Named Wellsborough— A Town Laid Out— Activity of Morris-
Delmar Township Formed— First Commissioners— Early Financial State-
ments—Other Statistical Information— Growth of Population by Decades.



IT has been shown that Tioga county was erected March 26, 180-1. After this
enact mont the political affairs of the country seem to have remained in abeyanee
for about two years. This was doubtless caused by the sparseness of the popula-
tion and tlie fact that the territory had belonged to Lycoming. By the act of
Eebrunry I?, 1806, the powers of the commissioners of Lycoming were extended to
the districts of Potter and Tioga counties. In other words, a protectorate, so to
speak, was to be exercised over them until they were sufficiently strong to set up
business for themselves. It was made the duty of the commissioners of the
mother county to keep distinct accounts of the moneys collected from each of the
aforcMiid difitriets, and the recorder of deeds of Lyeoming county was required
to provide a sejiarate hook for recording the deeds for lands lying within the
res|>e(tive counties of Tiojra and Potter. The deed book for Tioga is written in the
beautiful round hand of John Kidd, who was the first officer appointed liy (Jovernor



72 HISTORY OF TIOQA COUNTY.

MifSin for Lycoming comity, and during the first few years of the existence of
that county he held all the offices in the court house, except sherifE and coroner.
This deed book is known as N"o. 1 in the register and recorder's office at Wellsboro.
He wrote with a quill pen and his writing is noted for its plainness, uniformity
and simplicity.

The act of March 36, 1804, states that the coimty seat "shall be fixed by
the legislature at any place at a distance not greater than seven miles from the
center of the county, which may be most beneficial and conTenient for the people."
This clause may be attributed to the foresight or sagacity of Benjamin Wistar
Morris, agent for the Pine Creek Land Company.

Three trustees were authorized by the legislature to be appointed to supervise
the affairs of Tioga and select a site for the county seat. John Fleming and
William Ellis, of Lycoming, and William Hill Wells, of Tioga, were appointed.
The latter was a brother-in-law of Morris, and a son of Ellis married a daughter of
Morris. Under these conditions it requires no stretch of the imagination to arrive
at the conclusion that a majority of the trustees would favor Morris in the selec-
tion of the county seat.

The following advertisement appeared January 35, 1806, in Paulson's Ameri-
can Daily Advertiser, published in Philadelphia:

TYOGA COUNTY.

The subscribers having received official information of their having been appointed
by the governor trustees for the county of Tyoga, hereby give public notice that they are
ready to receive proposals for a scite or scites for the county tovv^n, and to perform such
other duties as the law governing their appointment requires; the increasing population
near the center of said county rendering it probable that the subject may be brought
before the ensuing legislature for final arrangements.

John Fleming,
Williamsport, Lycoming county. William Hill Wells,

December 11, 1805. Willlim Ellis.

All the preliminaries having been completed, Morris at once proposed to con-
vey a certain number of acres to the trustees on which to locate the county
buildings. The offer being satisfactory to these officials, an act was approved
March 31, 1806, fixing the seat of justice at Wellsboro, and the trustees were
authorized to survey a certain tract of land to include the said town, and to lay
out a lot for the public buildings, and take a deed in fee simple for one half of
said tract and lots for the use of the county, and have it recorded in Lycoming
coimty; to sell the town lots and execute deeds therefor to the purchasers, and
reserve the proceeds thereof for the use of the county. It was furthermore' stip-
ulated that within six months after the organization of the county the trustees were
to surrender their trust to the commissioners of the county, who were to complete
the duties to be performed. The trustees were also required to file a draft of
their survey in the recorder's office of Lycoming or Tioga counties. This was
complied with and the deed and draft may be seen in Deed Book 1, p. 1, Tioga
county.

July 14, 1806, Benjamin Wistar Morris and his wife, Mary Wells Morris,



COUNTY ORGANIZATION COMPLETED.



conveyed to John Fleming, William Hill Wells and William Ellis, "one full
and equal moiety," with the usual allowances, etc., of 150 acres of land, agree-
ably to the proposals made by Mr. Morris to the legislature. This land was
originally taken up in the name of James Stewart, and is fully described in the
deed, recorded September 6, 1806. The conveyance was made to the above
named persons as trustees "for the use of Tioga county forever."

This tract of 150 acres commenced at the intersection of the Delmar and
State roads and included the settlement of ilr. Morris. This State road, built
in 1799, from Newberry to the 109lh mile-stone, had become an important thor-
oughfare at the time the county seat was located. The selection of this site was



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