Emanuel Swedenborg.

The Apocalypse explained according to the spiritual sense: in ..., Volume 2 online

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sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days ;" for " light "
means Divine truth going forth from the Lord, "light of the
moon" Divine truth in the spiritual kingdom, and "lijjht of the
sun" Divine truth in the celestial kingdom; " sevenfold " sig-
nifies full and perfect, and truth is full and perfeft when it be-
comes good, that is, good in form. It can be seen that this



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872 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

means, not the sun and moon on the earth, but the sun and
moon in the heavens. It is to be noted, that when a last judg-
ment is being effefted the Lord appears in the heavens in mudi
greater effulgence and splendor than at other times, and this be-
cause the angels there must then be more powerfully defended ;
for lower things, with which the exteriors of the angels have
communication, are then in a state of disturbance. Therefore,
as the last judgment is here treated of it is said, " the light of
the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the
sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days ;" and it is also
said that "there shall be brooks, streams of waters, upon every
high mountain, and upon every lofty hill," which signifies abund-
ant intelligence with those who are upon the higher mountains
and higher hills, for on the lower mountains and hills is where

the judgment takes place. (That the Lord appears to those who are in His
celestial kingdom as a sun, and to those who are in His spiritual kingdom as amoon»
see Heaven and Hell, n. 1x6-125 '• <^<1 ^^^ ^e light from these is Divine tnitii, n.
127-140.) [II.] In the same,

" Thy sun shall no more go down, and thy moon shall not withdraw :
for Jehovah shall be unto thee for a light of eternity, and the days
of thy mourning shall be fulfilled " (Ix. 20).

This treats of the Lord, and of a new heaven and new earth, that
is, of a church to be established by Him. That to those in that
church good of love to the Lord and good of charity towards
the neighbor should not perish is meant by " thy sun shall no
more go down, and thy moon shall not withdraw ;" for to those
who are in good of love to the Lord He appears as a sun, and
to those who are in truths from good of charity towards the
neighbor He appears as a moon ; so " thy sun " signifies good of
love to the Lord, and " thy moon" good of charity, which, in its
essence, is truth from good. That tbey shall continue to eternity
in truths from good of love, and in truths from good of charity is
meant by "Jehovah shall be unto thee for a light of eternity, and
the days of thy mourning shall be fulfilled," "light of eternity"
is predicated of those who are in good of love to the Lord, and
"fulfilling the days of mourning" of those who are in good of
charity towards the neighbor, or in truths from good ; for with
those who were of the ancient churches, "mourning" repre-
sented grief on account of the loss or destruftion of truth and
good ; " fulfilled " signifies ended, thus that they shall be in truths
fit)m good. From all this the signification of "the sun became
as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood," can be seen,
namely, that good of love to the Lord was separated, and thus



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CHAP. VI., VERSE 12. — N. 40l[^]. 873

truth was falsified. [12.] Nearly the same is signified in the fol-
lowing passages. In Isaiah:

*' Behold the day of Jehovah cometh, cruel with indignation and wrath
of anger, to lay the earth waste ; and He shall destroy its sinners
out of it. For the stars of the heavens and the constellations
thereof do not give their light ; the sun is darkened in its rising,
and the moon maketh not her light to shine. I will visit wicked-
ness upon the world, and upon the wicked their iniquity " (xiii. 9-1 1).

•*The day of Jehovah, cruel with indignation and wrath of an-
ger," signifies the day of the last judgment ; " the stars of the
heavens and the constellations thereof do not give their light,
the sun is darkened in its rising, and the moon maketh not her
light to shine," signifies that the knowledges of good and truth
have perished, as well as good of love to the Lord, and good of
charity towards the neighbor, and thus the truth that is called
truth of faith ; for "stars" signify knowledges of good, "constel-
lations" knowledges of truth, "the sun" good of love to the
Lord, and " the moon " good of charity towards the neighbor,
which, in its essence, is truth fi-om good, and is called truth of
faith. The sun is said "to be darkened in its rbing," and the
moon " not to make her light to shine ;" not that the sun and
moon in the angelic heavens are darkened, for the sun there is
always in its effulgence, and the moon in its splendor ; but before
those who are in evils and in falsities therefrom, goods and truths
are thus obscured ; it is therefore according to the appearance
that it is so said, for those who are in evils and in falsities there-
from turn themselves away fi-om good of love and charity, con-
sequently from the Lord, and then they will nothing but evil and
think nothing but felsity, and those who so will and think see
nothing but thick darkness and darkness in such things as per-
tain to heaven and the church. Because such are meant by those
with whom " the sun is darkened, and the moon maketh not her
light to shine," it is said, "to lay the earth waste, and He shall
•destroy its sinners out of it," and afterwards, " I will visit wick-
edness upon the world, and upon the wicked their iniquity,"
"earth" and "world" signifying the church, "laying it waste"
signifying that there is no longer any good, and " visiting wick-
edness upon the world, and upon the wicked their iniquity," sig-
nifying the last judgmant [18.] In Ezekicl:

"When I shall extinguish thee I will cover the heavens and make the
stars thereof dark ; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon
shall not make her light to shine ; all luminaries of light in the
heavens will I make dark over thee, and I will set darimess upon
thy land " (xxxii. 7, 8).

This is said of Pharaoh king of Egypt, by whom is here signified



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874 ATOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

the natural man sq>arate from the spiritual ; which when it is sep*
arated is wholly in thick darkness and in darkness in regard to all
things of heaven and the church, and so far as it is separated
denies them ; for the natural man sees nothing in such things
from itself, but only through the spiritual man from the Lord,
since the natural man is in the heat and light of the world, while
the spiritual man is in the heat and light of heaven. From this
it is dear what is meant by the particulars here, namely, " When
I extingubh thee I will cover the heavens" signifies the interi-
ors which are in the light of heaven ; " I will make the stars
thereof dark " signifies knowledges of good and truth ; " I will
cover the sun with a cloud " signifies good of love to the Lord ;
" the moon shall not make her light to shine " signifies good of
charity towards the neighbor and truth of faith therefrom ; "all
luminaries of light will I make dark over thee" signifies all
truths ; and " I will set darkness upon thy land " signifies falsities.
[14.] In Joel:

" The day of Jehovah cometh A day of darkness and of thick

darkness, a day of cloud and obscurity Before Him the earth

was shaken, .... the sun and the moon were darkened, and the
stars withdrew their shining" (ii. i, 2, 10).

In the same,

** The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before
the great and terrible day of Jehovah cometh" (ii. 31).

In the same,

"The day of Jehovah is near in the valley cut off. The sun and the moon
were darkened, and the stars withdrew their shining " (iii. 14, 15).

In the Gospels :

'* Immediately after the affli<flion of those days the sun shall be darkened,
and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from
heaven " {M<Ut, zziv. 29 ; Mark xiii. 24, 25).

In the Apocalypse :

** The fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten,,
and the third part of the moos, and the third part of the stars ; and
the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for the
third part of it, and the night likewise " (viii. 12).

In another place,

'*Out of the pit of the abyss there went up a smoke as the smoke of a
great furnace ; and the sun was darkened and the air by the smoke '*
(«. a).

It is clear from what has been said above, that in these passages
"the sun and moon darkened {atratos tt obtenebratosy* means that
there was no longer any good or any truth ; therefore they are
not further explained.



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CHAP. VI., VERSE 12. — N. 40l[^]. 875

[if.] [15.] Because such things are signified by " the sun dark-
ened," the sun was darkened when the Lord was upon the cross,
because He was entirely rejefted by the church that then existed
among the Jews, who were consequently in dense darkness, that
is, in falsities. Thb is thus described in Luke:

" At the sixth hour darkness came over all the land until the ninth hour,
for the sun was darkened '' (zziii. 44, 45).

This was done as a sign and token that the Lord was denied, and
that thus there was no good nor truth with those who were of the
church ; for with them all signs from the heavens represented
and signified such things as are of the church, because the church
with them was a representative church, that is, it consisted of
such things in externals as represented and thus signified the in-
ternal things of the church. That " darkness came over all the
land " signified that with those who were of the church there was
nothing except falsities of evil, "all the land" meaning all the
church, and "darkness" signifying falsities; that it continued
for three hours, namely, "from the sixth to the ninth hour," sig-
nifies that there remained mere falsity, and no truth whatever,
for "three" signifies fiiU, whole, and entirely, and "six" and
**niHe" signify all things in the complex, here falsities and evils \
and because there were falsities and evils with them, from the
Lord's having been denied, it is said, " and darkness came, and
the sun was darkened," " the sun " that was darkened meaning
the Lord, who is said to be " darkened " when falsities so prevail in
the church that He is not acknowledged, and evils so prevail that
He is crucified. (That each and every thing related in the Word concerning
the Lord's passion is significative may be seen above, n. 64, 83, I95[^] at the end.)
£16.] In Micah :

** Jehovah said against the prophets that lead the people astray, ... It shall
be night unto you for vision ; and darkness shall arise to yon for
divination ; and the sun shall go down over the prophets, and the
day shall grow black over them " (iii. 5, 6).

What these words signify in the spiritual sense, may be seen
above (n. 372[a]), where they are explained. In Amos :

" It shall come to pass in that day that I wiU cause the sun to set

at noon, and* I wiU darken the earth in a day of light" (viii. 9).

This signifies that in the church, where the Word is fi-om which
it might be known what is good and true, there is nevertheless
nothing but evil and falsity. ''To cause the sun to s€t," and
'* to darken the earth," signify evil of life, and falsity of doArine
in the church ; for " the rising of the sun " signifies good of love.



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876 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

which is good of the life, and "the setting of the sun" signifies
evil of love, which is evil of the life; and "the darkening of the
earth" signifies consequent falsity of do<Sbine, "darkness" sig-
nifying falsities, and "the earth" the church, "at noon," and
" in a day of light," signify when there might be knowledges
of good and truth, because they have the Word, " noon " sig-
nifying where there are knowledges of good, and "day of light"
where there are knowledges of truth. Such knowledges as are
fi-om the Word are meant, because it is the church where the
Word is that is here treated of. [17.] In Hakakuk:

" The mountains were moved ; the overflowing of waters passed by. . . .
The sun and moon stood in their habitation ; thine arrows go fcnth
in light, the lightning of thy spear in splendor" (ill. 10, 11).

This chapter treats of the Lord's coming and of a last judg-
ment then accomplished by Him ; "the mountains were moved,
the overflowing of waters passed by," signifies that those who
were in the love of self and the world were cast out because of
the falsities of evil into which they were let, " mountains " sig-
nifying the loves of self and the world, and "the overflowing of
waters" to be let into falsities from those loves, "waters" mean-
ing fedsities, and "overflowing" to be let into them. That by
those in that state genuine truths and goods are not seen, but
instead of these, illusive truths and goods, which in themselves
are falsities and evils, is signified by, "thine arrows go forth in
light, the lightning of thy spear in splendor," "arrows" or
"lightnings " signifying illusive truths, which in themselves are
falsities, and " the lightning of the spear " signifying illusive goods
which in themselves are evils of falsity. Moreover, such signs
appear in the spiritual world, in the case of those who are in fels-
ities from the loves of self and the world, when the final judgment
takes place, and these are cast out [18.] As in this prophecy it is
said, "The sun and moon stood in their habitation," the signifi-
cance of the sun's resting in Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of
Aijalon shall also be explained, which is thus described in Joshua:

'* Then spake Joshua to Jehovah,. . . .and he said in the eyes of Israel,
Sun, rest thou in Gibeon ; and thou, moon, in the valley of Aijalon ;
and the sun rested, and the moon stayed, imtil the nation was
avenged upon its enemies. Is not this written upon the Book of
the Upright ? And the sun stood in the midst of heaven, and hasted
not to go down about a whole day*' (x. 12, 13).

That the sun is said to have stood in Gibeon, and the moon in the
valley of Aijalon, signifies that the church was wholly vastated in
respeA to all good and truth, for a battle was then going on
against the king of Jerusalem and the kings of the Amorites ; and



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CHAP. VI., VERSE 12. — N. 40l[^]. 877

"the king of Jerusalem" signifies the truth of the church wholly
vastated by felsities, and "the kings of the Amorites" signify the
good of the church vastated by evils ; therefore those kings were
smitten with hailstones, which signify the dire falsities of evil. It
is said that the sun and the moon stood in their place, that is, be-
fore the sons of Israel, that they might see their enemies ; but this,
although it is told as history, is a prophecy, as is evident from its
being said, " Is not this written upon the Book of the Upright f^^
which was a prophetical book from which this was taken ; so it
was from the same book that it was said, ''Until the nation was
avenged upon its enemies/* and not, Until the sons of Israel were
avenged upon their enemies, the term "nation" being used pro-
phetically. This is evident also from the fadl that if this miracle had
occurred just in this way, the whole cosmical order would have
been overthrown, which is not the case with the other miracles
recorded in the Word. That it might be known, therefore, that
thb was said prophetically, it is added, " Is not this written upon
the Book of the Uprights And yet without doubt there was
given to them a light out of heaven, a light in Gibeon like that of
the sun, and a light in the valley of Aijalon like that of the moon.
119.] In yeremiah:

''She that hath borne seven shall languish, she shall breathe out her
soul ; her sun shall go down while it is yet day, it shall be ashamed
and blush ; and the residue of them wUl I deliver to the sword be-
fore their enemies " (xv. 9).

"She that hath borne seven shall languish, she shall breathe out
her soul," signifies that the church to which the Word is given
and through it all truths, is about to perish, "to bear seven"
meaning to be gifted with all the truths of the church (as

in the First Book of Samuel, ii. 5, sec above, n. 257). " Her SUn shall gO

down while it is yet day " signifies that the good of the church is
about to perish, although the church has the Word, and might
through the Word be in light. ** It (that is, the sun) shall be
ashamed and blush " signifies because good and truth are not re-
ceived, but evil and falsity (as b evident also from the next quo-
tation fi'om Isaiah) ; " the residue of them will I deliver to the
sword before their enemies" signifies that all the remaining good-
and truth will perish through felsity from evil, "residue" mean-
ing all that remains, "to be delivered to the sword" meaning to
perish on account of felsities, "enemies" meaning evils. [20.] In
Isaiah :

*' Jehovah will visit upon the host of the height in the height, and upon
the kings of the earth who are upon the earth. .... 'nien the 1
shall blush, and the sun be ashamed " (xziv. 21, 33).



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878 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

"To visit" signifies to destroy, because visitation precedes judg-
ment, when those who are in evib and in falsities therefrom arc
destroyed; "the host of the height in the height" signifies all
evils that are from the love of self, **host" signifying all evils;
" kings of the earth" falsities of every kind, and "the earth " the
church. This makes clear the signification of "Jehovah will visit
upon the host of the height in the height, and upon the kings of
the earth who are upon the earth." It is said "upon the host
of the height in the height" because those who are in the love
of self seek in the spiritual world high places. " Then the moon
shall blush, and the sun be ashamed," signifies that there is no
longer any reception of Divine truth and Divine good, " moon "
and " sun " signifying the truth of faith and the good of love, and
these are said " to blush and be ashamed " when they are no
longer received, but falsity and evil are received in their place.
{21.] In David :

Jehovah, " who hath made the heavens by His intelligence, .... who hath
stretched out the earth above the waters ; . . . . who hath made great
luminaries, .... the sun for rule by day, .... the moon and stars for
rule by night : . . . . Who hath smitten Egypt in their first-bom, ....
and hath brought out Israel from the midst of them" (Fsaim
cxxxvi. 5-1 1).

He who knows nothing of the spiritual sense of the Word must
believe that there is nothing involved in these words except what
appears in the sense of the letter ; and yet every particular in-
volves such things as pertain to angelic wisdom, which are all
celestial Divine and spiritual Divine things. This describes the
new creation, that is, regeneration of men of the church, of whom
the church consists : "the heavens," which Jehovah hath made
by His intelligence, signify the internal things of men of the
church, which, in one expression, are called the spiritual man,
where intelligence has its seat, and where their heaven is ; " the
earth," which He hath stretched out above the waters, signifies
the external of the church, which in one expression, is called the
natural man ; this is said to be " stretched out above the waters "
because there the truths are by which man is regenerated, "wa-
• ters " meaning truths. " The great luminaries, the sun, moon, and
stars," signify the good of love, truth from that good, and know-
ledges of good and truth, " the sun," good of love, " the moon "
truth from that good, and " the stars" knowledges of good and
truth. The sun is said to have been made "for rule by day," be-
cause "day" signifies the light of the spiritual man, for the spir-
itual man has enlightenment and perception fi'om good of love ;
the moon and the stars are said to have been made "for rule by



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CHAP. VI., VERSE 12.— N. 40l[tf]. 879

night," because "night" signifies the light of the natural man,
and its light, as compared with the light of the spiritual man, is
like the light of night from the moon and the stars as com-
pared with the light of day from the sun. Because this treats
of the regeneration of the men of the church it is added, "who
hath smitten Egypt in their first-born, and hath brought out
Israel from the midst of them," "Egypt" signifying the natural
man, such as it is by birth, namely, in mere falsities from evil,
" their first-born " mean primary things, the destruction of these
while man is being regenerated is meant by "who hath smitten
Egypt in their first-bom." " Israel" signifies the spiritual man ;
and " to bring him out fi"om the midst of them " signifies to open
the spiritual man, and thus to regenerate ; for the Lord regener-
ates the man of the church by dispersing the fakities from evils
that are in the natural man, and by opening the spiritual man,
and this is effe<Sed by the Lord by means of spiritual light, which
is Divine truth.

[e.] [22.] Like things are signified by these words in Gen-
esis :

" God made two great luminaries ; the great luminary to rule by day,
and the lesser luminary to rule by night, and the stars " (i. 16).

This chapter treats of the new creation, that is, the regeneration
of the men of whom the Most Ancient church consisted, and this
is described yi the sense of the letter, by the creation of heaven
and earth. Like things are signified, too, by these words in yer-
emiah :

*< Thus saith the Lord Tehovih, who giveth the sun for light by day, and
the ordinances of the moon and stars for light by night" (zxxi. 35).

"The ordinances of the moon and stars" signify all things that
are done in the natural man according to the laws of order.
[28.] In David :

" Praise ye Jehovah, all His angels ; praise ye Him, all His hosts ; praise
Him, sun and moon ; praise Him, all ye stars of light; praise Him,
ye heavens of heavens " {Psalm cxlviii. 2-4).

** To praise Jehovah " signifies to worship Him ; "angels " signify
those who are in Divine truths from the good of love, for such
are angds ; "all the hosts" signify goods and truths in the whole
complex ; "sun and moon" signify the good of love and truth
from that good ; "stars of light " signify knowledges of truth from
good ; " heavens of heavens " signify goods and truths both in-
ternal and external ; and as man worships thef Lord fi*om those
things that are in him fi-om the Lord, thus from the goods and



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880 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

truths that are in him, and as man is a man from these, it is said
to them, namely, to the sun, moon, and stars, which signify goods
and truths, that they "shall praise," that is, worship, Jehovah.
Who does not know that the sun, moon, and stars do not praise^
that is, worship ? [24.] In Moses :

"Of Joseph he said, Blessed of Jehovah be bis land, for the precious
things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that lieth beneath,
and for the precious things of the produ<5ls of the sun, and for the
precious things of the produce of the months " {Deut xxxiii. 13, 14).

This is said in the blessing of the sons of Israel by Moses;
and because "Joseph" means the spiritual-celestial, who are
those that are highest in the spiritual kingdom, and thus most
closely communicate with those who are in the Lord's celestial
kingdom, " his land " signifies that spiritual kingdom, likewise sc
church that consists of such ; "the precious things of heaven, the
dew, and the deep that lieth beneath," signify things spiritual-
celestial in the internal and external man. " The precious things
of the produ6is of the sun, and the precious things of the pro
duce of the months," signify all things that go forth from the
Lord's celestial kingdom, and all things that go forth from His
spiritual kingdom, thus the goods and truths therefrom, "the
sun " signifying the good of love to the Lord from the Lord
which is the good that those have who are in the Lord's ce-
lestial kingdom, " its produ6te " signifying all things that go forth
from it ; " the produce of the months" signifies all things that go
forth from the Lord's spiritual kingdom, " months " here signify-
ing the same as "the moon," namely, truths from good, for the
same word is used for both in the original. But all this that has
been said must seem obscure to one who knows nothing about
the two kingdoms of heaven, the celestial and the spiritual, and
about their conjun^on by intermediates. (But respe<5ting these kingdoms-



Online LibraryEmanuel SwedenborgThe Apocalypse explained according to the spiritual sense: in ..., Volume 2 → online text (page 43 of 57)