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London, and presented to them, were so shamefully rejected,
as not even to be thought worthy of a place in their catalogues.
On hearing these things the king was astonished ; but more
especially at the thoughts they entertained concerning the Lord,
who nevertheless is theGrod of heaven and earth ; and concern-
ing charity, which nevertheless is the very essence of religion.
The interiors of their mind and faith were then laid open by
means of light from heaven, on perceiving which the king said,
" Get you hence I Alas ! how is it possible for any one so to
harden his heart against hearing any tning that relates to heaven
and life eternal ?"

Then the king inquired, by what means the clergy were
kept so univei'sally in subjection to the bishops, and he was in-
formed that it proceeded from the power which every bishop
has in his diocese of nominating for the kin^s approbation a
single person to a living, and not three candidates, as in other
kingdoms ; and that in consequence of this power they have an
opportunity of promoting their dependents to more distingiiished
honours and larger incomes, each one in proportion to his obe-
dience. It was also shown to what an extent such an hierarchy
might go, and that it had proceeded to the length of having
dominion as the essential tning,, whilst religion was only the
formal. Their ardent love of dominion was also laid open to
the sight of the angels, and they saw that it exceeded the love
of dominion of those who are in secular power.



CHAPTER XVn.



1. Akd there came one of the seven angels who had the
seven vials and talked with me, saying unto me, Come ; I will
show unto thee the judgment of the great harlot, that sitteth
upon many waters :

2. With whom the kings of the earth have committed
whoredom, and tlie inhabitants of the earth have been made
drunk with the wine of her whoredom.

3. And he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness :
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Chap, xvii.] the apocalypse revealed.

and I saw a woman sitting npon a scarlet beast, full of names
of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.

4. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and
decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls, having a

f olden cup in her hand, full of abominations and filthiness of
er whoredom.
6. And upon her forehead was a name written. Mystery ;
Babylon the great, the Mother of Harlots and Abomina-
tions OF the Earth.

6. And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints,
and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus ; and when I saw
her, I wondered with great admiration.

7. And the an^el said unto me. Wherefore didst thou mar-
vel ? I will tell mee the mystery of the woman, and of the
beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and the ten
horns.

8. The beast that thou sawest, was, and is not ; and shall
ascend ont of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition : and
they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were
not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world,
when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

9. Here is the mind whicli hath wisdom. The seven heads
are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.

10. And they are seven kings : five are fallen, and one is,
and the other is not yet come ; and when he cometh, he must
continue a short space.

11. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth,
and is of the seven ; and he goeth into perdition.

12. And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, who
have received no kingdom as yet, but receive power as kings
one hour with the beast.

13. These have one mind, and they will give their power
and strength unto the beast.

14. These shall fight with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall
overcome them : for he is the Lord of lords and King of kings ;
and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faith-
ful.

15. And he saith unto me. The waters which thou sawest,
where the harlot sitteth, are peoples and multitudes, and na-
tions and tongues.

16. And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast,
these shall hate the harlot, and shall make her desolate and
naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

17. For God hath put it in their hearts to execute his will,
and to act [with] one mind, and to give their kingdom unto
the beast, until the words of God shall be consummated.

18. And the woman which thou sawest is that great city
which reigneth over the kings of the earth.

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THE AP00ALYP8E EEYEALED. [Chap. XVii.



THE SPIRITUAL SENSE.



The Contents of the whole Chapteb. Concerning the Ro-
man Catholic religion ; describing the manner in which it had
falsified the Word, and thence perverted all things of the church,
verses 1 — 7 : how it had falsified and perverted those things
among such as were subject to its dominion, verses 8 — 11 : but
this in a less degree among those who were not thus subjected
to its dominion, verses 12 — ^15. Concerning the Eeformed, that
they had withdrawn themselves from its yoKe, verses 16, 17 : of
its prevalence notwithstanding, verse 18.

The Contents of each Verse. V. 1, " And there came one
of the seven angels who had the seven vials, and talked with
me," signifies influx now, and revelation from the Lord from
the inmost of heaven concerning the Roman Catholic religion :
" Saying unto me. Come ; I will show unto thee the judgment
of the great harlot that sitteth upon many waters," signifies a
revelation concerning that religion as to its profanations and
adulterations of the truths of the Word : v. 2, " With whom
the kings of the earth have committed whoredom," signifies
that it has adulterated the traths and goods of the church de-
rived from the Word : " And the inhabitants of the earth have
been made drunk with the wine of her whoredom," signifies
the insanity in spiritual things of those who are in that religion,
in consequence of their adulteration of the Word : v. 3, " And
he carried me away in spirit into the wilderness," signifies that
in a spiritual state he was carried to those with whom all things
of the church were devastated : " And I saw a woman sit upon
a scarlet beast, full of names of blasphemy," signifies that re-
ligion upon the Word profaned by them : " Having seven heads
and ten horns," signifies intelligence derived from the Word,
at first holy, afterwards none, and at last insanity, and much
power continually derived from the Word : v. 4, " And the
woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet," signifies divine good
and divine truth celestial, which are of the Word, among them :
" And decked with gold and precious stones," simifies divine

good and divine truth spiritual, which are of the Word, among
lem : " And pearls," signifies the knowledges of good and
truth, which are of the Word, among them : "Having a golden
cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of ner whore-
dom," signifies that religion grounded in a profanation of the
holv things of the Word, and in the defilements of its goods
and truths by direful falses : v. 5, " And upon her forehead was
a name written. Mystery ; Babylon the great, the mother of
harlots and abominations of the earth," signifies the Roman
Catholic religion as to its interior hidden quality, that by reason
of its originating from the love of dominion, grounded in self-
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Chap, xvii.] the apocalypse eevealed.

love, over the holy things of the church and of heaven, thus
over all things of the Lord and his Word, it defiled and pro-
faned the things which relate to the Word and thence to the
church: v. 6, "And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of
the saints and witli the blood of the witnesses of Jesus," signi-
fies that religion in a state of insanity, in consequence of the
adulteration and profanation of divine truths ana goods of the
Lord, of the Word, and thence of the church : "And when I
saw her, I wondered with great admiration," signifies astonish-
ment that that religion should be such inwardly, when never-
theless it appears otherwise outwardly : v. 7, " And tlie angel
said unto me, Wherefore didst thou marvel ? I will tell thee
the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her,
which hath the seven heads and the ten horns," signifies a dis-
covery of the significations of the things which precede and
were seen : v. 8, "The beast that thou sawest, was, and is not,"
signifies the Word among them acknowledged to be holy, and
vet, in realitjr, not acknowledged : " And shall ascend out of the
bottomless pit, and go into perdition," si^ifies occasional de-
liberation in the papal consistory concerning the reception and
reading of the Word by the laity and common people, but fol-
lowed by rejection: "And they that dwell on the eartli shall
wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from
the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that
was, and is not, and yet is," signifies the amazement felt by
all those of that religion, who from its first establishment have
afiected to exercise dominion over heaven and earth, that the
Word, although so rejected, still exists : v. 9, " Here is the
mind which hath wisdom," signifies that this interpretation is
in the natural sense, but for the use of those who are in the
spiritual sense from the Lord: "The seven heads are seven
mountains on which the woman sitteth :" v. 10, " And they are
seven kings," signifies the divine goods and divine truths, upon
which that religion is founded, in time destroyed, and at length
profaned : " Five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not
yet come ; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space,"
signifies that all the divine truths of the Word are destroyed,
except this one, that unto the Lord is given all power in heaven
and m earth ; and except the other, which has not as yet come
into discussion, but when it is, will not remain with them, which
is, that the Lord's Humanity is divine : v. 11, " And the beast
that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven,
and goeth into perdition," signifies that the Word, spoken of
above, is Divine Good itself, and that it is Divine Truth, and
that it is taken away from the laity and common people, lest
the profanations and adulterations of it by their leaaers should
be rendered apparent, and thev should recede on that account :
V. 12,'" And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings,
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THE AP0CALTP6B KEVEAXED. [Chap. XVii.

who have received no kingdom as yet," signifies the Word as
to its power from divine truths among those who are in the
kingdom of France, and are not so mucn under the yoke of the
papal dominion, with whom nevertheless there is not as yet a
church altogether separated from the Roman Catholic religion :
" But receive power as kings one hour with the beast," signi-
fies that the Word has power among them, and they through
the Word, as though they were in its divine trutns: v. 13,
" These have one mind, and they will give their power and
strength unto the beast," signifies that they unanimously ac-
knowledge, that there is no government or dominion over the
church, except through the Word : v. 14, " These shall fight
with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them, for he is
Lord of lords and Bang of kings," signifies the Lord's combats
with them concerning the acknowledgment of his Divive Hu-
manity, because in it the Lord is God of heaven and earth, and
also the Word : '* And they that are with him are called, and
chosen, and faithful," signifies that they who approach and
worahip the Lord alone, are those who go to heaven, as well
they who are in the externals of the church, as they who are in
its internals and inmost principles : v. 15, " And he saith unto
me. The waters which tnou sawest, where the harlot sitteth,
are peoples and multitudes, and nations and tongues," si^ifies
that they are under the papal dominion, but principled m the
truths of the Word, variously adulterated and profaned, accord-
ing to the varieties of its doctrine and discipline, and according
to the varieties of its religion and confession : v. 16, " And the
ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate
the harlot," signifies the Word as to its power derived from the
divine truths among the Protestants, who have entirely cast oS
the yoke of Popery : " And shall make her desolate and naked,"
signifies that they will divest themselves of its falses and evils :
" And shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire," eignifies that
they will hate and condemn the evils and falses which ai'e proper
to that religion, and destroy them from among themselves, and
will desecrate the religion itself, and root it out from among
tliem: v. 17, " For God hath put it into their hearts to execute
his will, and to act [with] one mind, and to give their kingdom
unto the beast," signifies judgment from the Lord among them,
that they might totally repudiate and desecrate the Koman
Catholic religion,, and root out and extirpate it from among
themselves, and their unanimous determination to acknowledge
the Word, and thereupon to found the church : " Until the
words of God should be consummated," signifies until all things
should be fulfilled which are foretold concerning them : v. 18,
"And the woman which thou sawest is that great city which
reigneth over the kings of the earth," signifies that the Roman
'Catliolic religion as to doctrine prevails in the Christian world,
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Chap, xvii.] :ihb apogalypse revealed. 717

and in some measure even yet among the Eeformed, although
they are not under papal dominion.



THE EXPLANATIOK.



717. "What goes before, from chapter vii. to chapter xvi. in-
clusive, treats of the Reformed ; this chapter and the next treat
of the Papists, among whom they who have claimed to them-
selves the power of opening and shutting heaven are meant by
Babylon ; m this place, therefore, it shaU be at once explainedf,
what is specifically meant by Babylon. By Babylon or Babel
is meant the love of dominion over the holy things of the
church, grounded in self-love, and inasmuch as that love rises
in proportion as it is left without restraint, and as the holy
things of the church are also the holy things of heaven, there-
fore by Babylon or Babel is likewise signified dominion over
heaven. And since this love thus acts tne part of a devil, be-
cause it aspires to the same thin^, it cannot do otherwise than
profane thm^ holy, by adulterating the goods and truths of the
Word, therefore by Babylon or Babel is also signified the pro-
fanation of what is holy, and the adulteration of the good;and
truth of the Word. Such is the signification of Babylon in the
Apocalypse, and of Babel in the prophetic and historical paiia
of the Word, as in the following passages.; concerning Babylon :
'Behold the day of Jehovah cometh; cruel both with wrath
and fierce anger. — For the stars of heaven and the constellations
thereof shall not give their light ; the sun shall be darkened in
his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
— And I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and
will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible. And Babylon^ the
glory of kingdoms, — shall be as when God overthrew Sodom
and Gomorrah. But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there,
and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls
shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. And the wild
beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons
in their pleasant palaces,' Isaiah xiii. 1, 9 — 11, 14, 19, 21, 22 ;
besides many other passages throughout the whole of this chapter.

" ' Thou shalt take up this proverb against the king oiJBaby^
loTij and say, — ^Thy pomp is brought down to the groimd. How
art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning I —
For thou saidst in thine heart, I will ascend into the heaven, I
will exalt my throne above the stars of God : I will ascend above
the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High, — -yet
thou shalt be brought down to hell ; — for I will rise up against
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717 THB AP00ALTP8E BEVEALED. [Chap. Xvii.

them, — and cut off from Babylon the name and remnant,' Isa.
xiv. 4, 11 — ^15, 22; not to mention other passages throughout
the whole of this chapter.

" ' Jehovah hath spoken against Babylon. Your mother shall
be sore confounded ; she that bare you shall be ashamed : be-
hold the hindermost of the nations shall be a wilderness, a dry
land, and a desert. Put yourselves in array against Babylon
round about — ^shoot at her, spare no arrows : how is Babylon
become a desolation among the nations I — for she hath been
proud against Jehovah, against the Holy One of Israel. A
drought IS upon her waters ; and they shall be dried up, for it
is the land oi graven images, and they are mad upon their idols.
Therefore the wild beasts of the desert, with the wild beasts of
the island, shall dwell there, and owls shall dwell therein, as
God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah,' Jerem. 1. 1, 12, 14, 23,
29, 31, 34, 39, 40 ; to which might be added many other pas-
sages concerning Babylon from the whole of this cnapter.

" ' Babylon hath been a golden cup in Jehovah's hand, that
made all the earth drunken ; the nations have drunken of her
wine, therefore the nations are mad, — ^forsake her, — ^for her
judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up even to the
skies. Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain,
which destroyest all the earth : — ^I will roll thee down from the
rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. And I will punish
Bel in Babylon^ and I will bring forth out of his moutn that
which ho hath swallowed up ; and the nations shall not flow to-
gether any more unto him ; yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.
Behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven
images of Babylon : and her whole land may be confounded.
Tliough Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she
should fortify the height of her strength, yet from me shall
spoilers come. And I will make drunk her princes and her wise
men, her captains, and her rulers, and they shall sleep a per-
petual sleep, and not wake," Jerem. li. 1, 7, 9, 20, 44, 47, 53,
57 ; with many other thin^ in that chapter relating to Babylon.

" ' Come down and sit m the dust, O virgin daughter of Bo-
hylon, sit on the ground, there is no throne. TaSe tlie mill-
stones, and grind meal ; uncover thy locks, make bare the leg,
uncover the thigh, pass over the rivers. Thy nakedness shcQl
be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen : and thou saidst, I
shall be a lady for ever ; — so that thou didst not remember the
latter end of it. For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness : thou
hast said, None seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge it
hath perverted thee ; and thou saidst in thine heart, I am, and
none else beside me. Desolation shall come upon thee suddenly,
which thou shalt not know. Stand now with thine enchant-
ments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou
hast laboured from thy youth : if so be thou shalt be able to

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Chap, xvii.] the apocalypse revealed. T18

profit, if so be thou mayest prevail,' Isaiah xlvii. 1 — 3, 7, 10,
11, 12 ; besides many o&er tilings in that chapter concerning
Babylon.

" The like is signified by the city and tower, whose top
reached nnto heaven, which they who came from the east at-
tempted to bnild in the valley of Shinar, whose speech Jeho-
vah coming down from heaven confounded, whence the place
was nhmea JSabd (confusion). Gen. xi. 1 — 9.

" The like is signified by the following passages in Daniel :
By the image which was seen hy Nebuchaonezzar, kinff of Bo-
hylon^ whose feet were part of iron and part of clay, which tlie
stone cut out without hands smote ana brake in pieces, and
all parts of the image became like the chaff of the summer
threshing floors, and the stone became a great mountain, Dan.
ii. 31 — i7. By the great image which Nebuchadnezzar king
of Babylon made, and commanded them to fall down before it
and worship it; and that they who did not should be cast into
a fiery furnace, Dan. iii. 1 — 7, &c. By the tree which grew
till the height thereof reached unto heaven, and the sight there-
of to the end of the earth, — which a watcher and a Holy One
who came down from heaven, commanded to be hewn down,
and cut off his branches, shake off his leaves, and scatter his
fruit : — and because the king of Babylon was represented by it,
it came to pass that he was driven from man, dwelt with the
beasts, and ate grass like an ox, Dan. iv. 1 to the end. By
Belshazzar king of Babylon drinking wine with his nobles, his
wives, and his concubines, out of the golden and silver vessels
of tlie temple of Jerusalem, and praised the gods of gold and
of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone ; on which
account there was a hand- writing on the wall, and the king him-
self was slain the same day, Dan. v. to the end. By the sta-
tute of Darius the Mede, king of Babylon^ that no one, within
the space of thirty days, should ask a petition of anv god or
man, save only of the king, and if otherwise, shoula be cast
into the den of lions, Dan. vi. 8 to the end. And by tlie four
great beasts which came up from the sea, which Daniel saw, the
fourth of which was terrible and strong exceedingly, and it had

Seat iron teeth ; it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped
e residue with the feet of it. And that then the thrones were
cast down, and the Ancient of Days did sit ; and the books were
opened, and the beast slain and burned with fire : and that then
one like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven, —
unto whom was given dominion, and glory, and a kingdom,
that all people, nations, and languages should serve him ; his
dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away,
and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, Dan. vii.
1 — 14, and subsequent verses."

718. And there came one of the seven angele which had the
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719 THE AP0CALYP8B BEVBALED. [Chap. Xvii.

seven vialSy and talked with me^ signifies influx now and reve-
lation from the Lord, from the inmost of heaven, concerning
the Koman Catholic religion. Thus far the state of the Reformed
Church, at its end has been treated of; but now the state of
the Roman Catholic religion at its end is referred to ; and this
according to the order mentioned in the introduction. It is not
called the Roman Catholic church, but the Roman Catholic
religion, because they do not approach the Lord, nor read the
Word, and because they invoke the dead ; a church being a
church by virtue of its derivation from the Lord, and from the
Word, and its perfection being according to its acknowledg-
ment of the Lord, and accordmg to its imderstanding of the
Word. The reason whv one of the seven angels who nad the
seven vials came and talked with John, is, because by the seven
angels who had the seven vials, is signified infiux from the Lord
from the inmost of the Christian heaven into the church, with
a view to discover the evils and falses therein, see above, n. 672,
676, 677, 683, 690, 691, 699, 700 ; here therefore by those seven
anffels is si^fied the Lord speaking from the inmost of heaven,
ana revealmg the state of tne Roman Catholic religion at its
end. Hence also it is, that one of those seven angels took John
up to a high mountain, and showed him the Lamb's wife, which
is the New Jerusalem, chap. xxi. 9, 10.

719. Saying unto me^ Come ; I will show unto thee thejvdg-
ment of the great harlot^ that sitteth v^pon many waters^ signifies
a revelation concerning that religion, as to its profanations and
adulterations of the truths of the Word. To say and to show
signifies a revelation ; by judgment is signified the state thereof
at its end ; by the ^at harlot is signified the profanation of the
holy things of the Word and church, and the adulteration of
good and truth ; by many waters are signified the truths of the
Word adulterated ; by sitting upon them is signified to be and
to live in them ; that by committing whoredom, fornication, and
adultery, is signified to falsify and adulterate the Word, see
above, n. 134, 620, 632 ; and that by waters are signified its
truths, n. 50, 563, 614, 685 ; here, those truths adulterated and
profaned, because it says the harlot sat upon them. From these
considerations it is evident, that by saying unto me, "i will show



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