Emil Schürer.

A history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) online

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chresniologncs, Sihylles ; Oracles dcs dlcux, Paris 1879. Miiass, De Sibi/l-
larum indicibtis, Diss. Gryphiswald 1879.

'''' Maass, De Sihyllarum indicibus, p. 1.

^^ E.g. Pausanias, Descr. Grace, x. 12.

"'^ On the numerous calculations, see especially Maass, De Sibyllarum
iudicilms, 1879.



§ 33. THE GKAECO- JEWISH LITERATURE. 273

It seems as if Pausanias purposed thus to state the four chief
kinds of sibyl: the Libyan as the most ancient, that of Greek,
Asia Minor, the Eoman and the Oriental. He expressly desig-
nates the latter as the most recent. It is highly probable, that
the information relating to this subject is already a deposite
of the Jewish sibyl fiction."^ Among other computations, the
most noted is that of Varro, who names ten sibyls,^^ In the
Eoman period the most famous were the Erythraean (from
Erythraea on the Ionian coast, opposite the island of Chios)
and the Cumanian (in Lower Italy).

Written records of supposed Sibylline oracles were here
and there in circulation ; but such remains of them as have
come down to us through occasional quotations in authors
such as Plutarch, Pausanias and others, are brief and scanty,
and furnish no distinct notion of them.^^ In Asia Minor

^^ The words of Pausanias are as follows {Descr. Graec. x. 12. 9) :
'E77£Tp«(p)7 OS Koil voTipou T^f Ani/,ov; [but thcre lived later than Demo]
TTccpx ''Efipxi'ot; roi; virip rvig Ilci'hxi/jTrivn; yvv/t y^f/ia^tiKoyog^ oyo^ua, Oi uvrlfi
"ExiSijSY}. 'BopuGoov Oi iivcti Tiot.Tpli; Kdl '' Epv/nxy^yi; f/^virpo; C^xit "^cclii^/iv' oi Zi
xvTViu 'Bctjiv'hcovtxv, i-ipoi "hi 'EifivT^'Auv KuKavaiu AiyvTrrixv. — Alexander
Polyhistor being the first among Greek authors known to us, who quotes
the Jewish sibyl (see below), we may perhaps conclude, that Pausanias
derived his statements from Alexander (see Maass, pp. 12-22). From a
similar source come also the statements concerning 2«,a/3'



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 28 of 51)