Emil Schürer.

A history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) online

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i] vo,uo6eTtx.7i, . . . (the last is wanting).

"« 'Aycc^oTYii and dpxv (De CheruUm, i. 144, Mang., Richter, 1 ; De
sacrificiis Ahelis et Caini, i. 173, Mang., Richter, 1), ivf-pysaia and
i,ye/^Qvtcc, or i} x»ptjrty.7i and ii fixai7.i>c-Ji (both de somniis,l 645, Mang.,
Richter, 3), ij svspyirt; and 'h x-oT^aaTTiptos (de victimas offerentihus, u.
258, Mang., Richter, 4), also vi -tt o i y}r i x, tj and tj fixai'Atx.^ (because God
created the world in consequence of His goodness, so de Abrahamo, ii. Ii),
Jilang., Richter, 4. Vita il/o.si.s', ii. 150, Mang., Richter, 4).

i-i^ De profugis, i. 560, ]\Iang. (Richter, 3). Qmest. in Exod. ii. 68,
p. 514 sq. (Richter, 7). Contrary to Zeller, who attempts to understand



374 § 34. PniLO THE jewisii philosopher.

3. The Lofjos}*^ " By the Logos Pliilo understands the
power of God or the active Divine intellirjence in general ; he
designates it as the idea which comprises all other ideas, the
power which comprises all powers in itself, as the entirety of the
supersensuous world or of the Divine powers." ^^^ It is neither
uncreated nor created after the manner of finite things."* It
is the vicegerent and ambassador of God ; ^''' the angel or
archangel which delivers tO' us the revelations of God ; ^^^ the
instrument by which God made the world.^^^ The Logos is
thus identified with the creative word of God.^" But not
only is it the mediator for the relations of God to the world,
but also for the relations of the world to God, The Logjos
is the High Priest, who makes intercession for the world
to God.^^* But notwithstanding this apparently undoubted
personification of the Logos, what has been said above of the
Divine powers in general applies here also. " The definitions,
which, according to the presuppositions of our thought, would

certain passages as saying, that the Logos is to be conceived of not as the
root, but as the product or result of the two supreme powers (p. 370) ;
see Heinze, Die Lehre vom Logos, p. 248 sqq.

1^^ Couip. Gfiorer, i. 168-326. Dahne, i. 202 sqq. Zeller, iii. 2,
pp. 370-38G, and the above-named Monographs, especially those of Heiuze
and Soulier.

"8 Zeller, iii. 2, p. 371.

^*^ Quis rerum divinarum heres. i. 501 sq., Mang. (Richter, 3) : ours ccytp-
vfiTog ug 6 6ios uv, ovre yaiuTfiros ug v(^us, «AX« fiioo; tuv Ax,pu)u, ccf^^oTepoi;
Of/.yjpsi'uv,

^^'^ Quis rer. div. her. I.e.: "Trpsofiivrri; tcv iyyefiovos 7rp6; to ^/tt^xooi*.

*5^ Leg. allegor. 1. 122, Maug. (Richter, 1) : t6u oLyyiXov, oV hrt >^6yo;.
— De confusione lingunrum, i. 427, Mang. (Richter, 2) : tov TrpuToyouov uv-ov
Xoyo^j fov uyyihav "TrpsajSuTotTOU, u; a.py(,ai,yyiK^



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 38 of 51)