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57-60.
Hermippus, iii. 317.
High priest, functions of the, i. 254.
High priests, i. 195 ; list of, 197 ;

persons described as ap;^itptT; but not

found in, 203.
Historical works of Pliilo, iii. 219.
Historiograjihy, iii. 6 ; Maccabees, first

book of, 7.
Holy Scrijrture, canonical dignity of,

i. 306.
Houses, letting of, to Gentiles for-
bidden, i. 55."
Hyrcanus, Chronicles of, iii. 3.
Hystaspes, iii. 292.

Isaiah, martyrdom of, iii. 111.

JKKEMiAn, the letter of, iii. 195.
Jerusalem, the only cityproiier, i. 161.
Jesus the son of Sirach, iii. 23 ;

Greek translation of, 27 ; Hebrew

te.\t of, 27.
Jewish comnnniities recognised by the

State, ii. 260 ; administer their own

funds, 260 ; exercise jurisdiction

over their members, 262.
Jewish law, the, a law of ritual, i. 337.
Jewish region, threefold division of, i. 2.
Jewish propagaudism, success of, ii.

297 ; testimony of Josephus to, 305 ;

of Seneca and Uio Cassius to, 307 ;

of the Acts, 308 ; of Horace and

Juvenal, 308.
Jewish temple at Leontopolis, ii. 28.
Jewish territory', the .strictly, i. 149.
Jews admitted to rights of Roman

citizenship, ii. 276.



Jews, the, admitted in some towns to
rights of citizenship, ii. 271.

Jews, exemption of, from military ser-
vice, u. 264.

Jews of the Dispersion, religious Ii fa
of, ii. 2S1.

Jews, position of, in mainly heathen
communities, i. 148.

John Hyrcanus, history of, iii. 13.

Josephus, works of, iii. 221.

Jubilees, the book ol, iii. 134.

Judaea, division of, into toparchies, i.
157.

Judaism, extension of, i. 1.

Judaism, foreign induences on, i. 350.

Judaism in the Dispersion, ii. 219.

Judaism, position of, with respect to
heathenism, i. 51.

Judaism treated as a rclhjio licita, ii.
259.

Judith, book of, iii. 32.

Justus of Tiberias, iii. 222.

Language, Greek, knowledge of, i.

48-50.
Language, Latin, use of, i. 50, 51.
Language, the, of Jewish population,

i.'s.
Law of Hoses, canonical, i. 306.
Legendary works. Lost, iii. 146.
Legends, the sacred, iii. 132.
Levites, the, i. 223 ; their courses,

225 ; residence, 229.
Life under the law, ii. 90.
Literati, Greek, in Palestine, i. 28, 29.
Literature, historical, Graeco- Jewish,

iii. 195.
Literature, the Graeco-Jewish, iii. 156.
Literature, the Palestinian Jewish,

iii. 1.
Local courts, i. 151 sqq.
Lysimachus, iii. 254.

Maccabees, first book of, iii. 7.

Maccatees, second hook of, iii. 210 ;
date of, 213.

Maccabees, third book of, iii. 216 ; data
of, 218.

Maccabees, fourth book of, iii. 244.

Magic and magical spells, books of,
iii. 151.

Manasseh, Prayer of, iii. 188.

Mementoes, the three, ii. 111.

Messiah, the suffering, ii. 184.

Messianic hope, the, ii. 126 ; the dis-
tinction of the later from the older,
129.

Messianic theology, systematic state-
ment of, ii. 154 ; the last tribulation,
154 ; Elijah as forerunner, 156 ; tlio
ajipearing of tlie Messiah, 158; la.st
attack of hostile powers, 164 ; de-



INDEX.



385



stniction of hostile powers, 165 ;

renovation of Jerusalem, 168 ;

gathering of the dispersed, 169 ;

kingdom of glory in Palestine, 170 ;

renovation of the world, 177 ; the

general resurrection, 179.
Moses and his time, iii. 149.
Moses, apocryphal literature regarding,

iii. 149.
Musicians, sacred, the, i. 270.

Xarp.ative, hortatory, iii. 32.
Native and Greek religions, mixture

of, i. 13.
Nicephorus, stichometry of, iii. l"2j.

Opponents, the literary, iii. 249.

Palestine, Jewish population of, i. 1.

Palestinian Jewish literature, iii. 1;

native liistorical works, 3 ; pseudepi-

graphic writings, 44.

Pharisaic party proceeded from the

scribes, ii. 9.
Pharisaism, history and origin of, ii. 25.
Pharisaism, religious and dogmatic

views of, ii. 12 ; xwlitics of, 17.
Pharisees and Sadducees, ii. 1 ; testi-
mony of Josejihus concerning, 2 ; of
the Mishna, 5.
Pharisees, name of, explained, ii. 19.
Pharisees, the, ii. 10.
Philo, iii. 243.

Philo the Jewish philosopher, life and
writings of, iii. 321 ; Quaestiones et
solutiones, 327 ; Legura allegoriarum,
lib. i. ii. and iii., 331 ; De Cherubim
et flammeo gladio, 332 ; De sacriticiis
Abelis et Caini, 332 ; Quod deterius
potiori insidiari soleat, 333 ; De
posteritate Caini sibi visi sapientis
et quo pacto sedem mutat, 333 ; De
gigantibus, 334; De agricultura,
335 ; De ebrietate, 335 ; De
sobrietate, 335 ; De confusione
linguarum, 335 ; De migratione
Abrahami, 335 ; Quis rerum divin-
arum haeres sit, 336 ; De congressu
quaerendae eruditionis causa, 336 ;
De profugis, 337 ; De mutatione
nominum, 337 ; De somniis, 337 ;
Delineation of the Mosaic legisla-
tion for non-Jews, 338 ; De mundi
opiticio, 339 ; De Abrahamo, 341 ;
De Josepho, 341 ; De decalogo, 342 ;
De specialibus legibus, 343 ; Do
fortitudine, 345 ; De praemiis et
poenis, 347 ; Vita Mosis, 348 ;
Quod omnis probus liber, 349 ;
Adversus Flaccum, 349 ; De pro-
videntia, 354 ; De Alexandre et
quod propriam rationem muta ani-

DIV. II. VOL. III.



malia habeant, 355 ; 'Tmhrixii, 355 ;
ns^i 'Uu'haiaiv, 356 ; the lost books,
356 ; spurious works, 357.

Philo, the doctrine of, iii. 362 ; a
Greek philosopher, 364 ; remained a
Jew, 365 ; his allegorical interpret^i-
tion, 367 ; his double mission, 367 ;
his doctrine of God, 369 ; inter-
mediate beings, 371 ; the Logos,
374 ; creation and preservation of
the world, 376 ; anthropology, 377 ;
ethic, 378 ; influence, 381.

Pliilosophy, iii. 228.

Philosophy, Greek, inlluence of, iii.

PirkeAboth, the, iii. 30.
Poet, the tragic, Ezekiel, iii. 225.
Police, duties of, to the temple, ful-
filled by priests and Levites, i. 264.
Prayers, legal appointments concern-
ing, ii. 115.
Presidents, functions of the, i. 259.
Priesthood, the, a distinct order, i.
207 ; a sacred order, 213.

Priesthood, the, and temple worshii),
i. 207.

Priests, emoluments of, i. 230 ; first-
lings and tithes, 231 ; portions of
offerings, 232 ; dues independent of
sacrifices, 237 ; extraordinary offer-
ings, 245.

Priests, pedigree, the primary requisite
in, i. 210 ; regulations concerning
marriage of, 210 ; must be free from
physical defect, 214 ; consecration of,
214 ; twenty-four families or courses
of, 216.

Propaganda, Jewish, under a heathen
mask, iii. 270.

Prophecies, pseudepigraphic, iii. 44 ;
contents, 45 ; form, 46.

Prophecies, pseudepigra[)liic, the lost,
iii. 124.

Prophets and historical books also
canonical, i. 308.

Proselytes, ii. 291, 310 ; baptism of,
321 ; obligations of, 324.

Proseuchae, ii. 73.

Public worship, imposts for defraying
expense of, i. 249 ; free-will offerings
for, 253.

Purification, different kinds of, ii. 109.



PiABBi, title of, i. 315.

Itabbinical powei', increase of, after the

fall of Jerusalem, i. 365.
Rabbis, legislative power of, i. 323.
Religions, native, i. 11.
Retribution, divine, faith in, ii. 91.

Sabbath sanctification, ii. 96.
Sabbath, thirty -nine prohibited works
2 B



386



INDEX.



on the, ii. 07 ; other employments
forbidden, 102.

Sacrifices, public and private, i. 270.

Sadducean party proceeded from the
priests, ii. 9.

Sadducees, the, ii. 29 ; distinctive
marks of, 29, 34, 36, 39.

Samaritans, tJie, i. 5 ; position of
Judaism proper with respect to, 7.

Sanhedrim, the supreme, in Jerusalem,
its history, i. 165 ; its composition,
174 ; president, 180 ; jurisdiction,
184 ; time and place of meeting, 190;
its judicial procedure, 193.

School auil synagogue, ii. 44.

School, the, ii. 46 ; subject of instruc-
tion, 50.

Schools of Hillel and Shammai, i. 361.

Scribes, labours of, gratuitous, i. 317.

Scribes, professional employment of, i.
320.

Scribes, the, and their activity in
general, i. 312 ; real teachers of the
people, 313.

Scribes, the most famous, i. 351 ; the
five pairs of, 356.

Scribism, i. 306.

Scripture lessons, ii. 79 ; sennon, 82.

Scripture literature, revision and com-
pletion of, iii. 175.

Segan, functions of the, i. 2."i7.

,Se]>tuaginT, the, iii. 159 ; accepted by
the Jews of the dispersion, 163.

Service, morning, the, i. 292 ; evening,
297.

Service, the dai>y, i. 273,

Shema, the, ii. 83.

Shemoueh Esreh, the, ii. 85.

Sibyllincs, the, iii. 271 ; survey of the
contents of, 277 ; date of composi-
tion, 280.

Small pieces of Jewish origin under
heathen names, iii. 316.

Solomon as an author of magic, iii.
152.

Solomon, Psalms of, iii. 17.

Solomon, wisdom of, iii. 230.

Synimachus, iii. 160.

Synagogue, the, ii. 52 ; presujiposes a



religious community, 55 ; officials of,
56 ; religious discipline, 60 ; rules
of, 63 ; Deccm otiosi, 67 ; the build-
ing, 68.
Synagogue, order of Divine worship in,
ii. 75.

Tempi.e, topogi'aphical observations
on, i. 280.

Temple tribute and festival pilgrimages
of the Jews of the Dispersion, ii.
288.

Temple, vocal and instrumental music
in the, i. 290.

Theodotus, iii. 224.

Tobit, book of, iii. 37.

Towns in and near Palestine, general
history of, i. 61 63 ; their kind of
dependence on Rome different,
63-66 ; special history of, 66-148 ;
Paphia, 66 ; Gaza, 68 sqq. ; Authe-
don, 72 ; Ascalon, 74 ; Azotus, 76 ;
Jamnai, 78 ; Joppa, 79 ; Apollonia,
83 ; Straton's Tower, 84 ; Dora, 87 ;
Ptolemais, 90 ; Damascus, 96 ;
Hippus, 98 ; Gadara, 100 ; Abila,
104; Raphana, 106; Kanata, 106;
Kanatha, 108 ; Scythopolis, 110 ;
Pella, 113 ; Dium, 115 ; Gerasa,
116; Philadelphia, 119; Sebaste-
Samaria, 123 ; Gaba, 127 ; Esbon or
Hesbon, 128 ; Antipatris, 130 ;
Phasaelis, 131 ; Caesarea Panias,
132 ; Julias, formerly Bethsaida, 135 ;
Sepphoris, 136 ; Julias or Livias,
141 ; Tiberias, 143.

Translations of Scripture, iii. 159.

Treasurers, functions of the, i. 261.

Twelve Patriarchs, Testaments of the,
iii. 114.

Villages subordinate to towns, i.
154 sqq.

Wisdom, the gnomic, iii. 23.
Works, the lost legendary, iii. 146.
Writer, an anonymous, iii, 210.

Zephaniah, Apocalypse of, iii 132.



ERRATA.



VOL. I.

P. 2, I. 16, nUev 2}}n(Ia(io}i read Lastly the Samaritans also must in a toider
seihse he reckoned as belonging to the Jewish popidation

P. 3, 1. 9, for scribes and Pharisees read Pharisaic scribes; and after 1. 9,
chief seat read doirn to the destrziction of the Holy City

P. 4, 1. 5, for a century read centuries

P. 4, note, iov fundamental VGa.6. legal ?

P. 5, 1. 2, for grandson read grandsons

P. 5, 1. 5, after caves insert {h:puXiviiv)

P. 5, note 14, 1. 5 from foot, for Articles in the Kunde des Morgenlandes
read Abhandlungen fiir die Kunde des Morgenlandes

P. 5, note 14, 1. 3 from foot, for E'cess read Eeuss

P. 8, note 25, for Sadducees read Sadducean wdmen, and for Samaritans
read Samaritan women

P. 9, note 26, 1. 1, for ^?(H(7 read ^ini^

P. 10, 1. 7, for It teas read aloud, etc. read The Holy Scriptures were read
■aloud ill it before as afterwards

P. 12, last line, for other than Grecian deities read other Grecian deities

P, 42, last line, for Kilrbis read jnnnjjklns

P. 44, line 2, for paragandion read pajxigatidion

P. 47, 1. 6, for Alexander read Menelaus

P. 50, 1. 10, for P. Tomael read R. Ismael

P. 64, last line, for ichcn read When

P. 65, 1. 17, for a ]}osition of ex-^.mptionfrom taxes read an exempt j^osifion

P. 68, 1. 1, for hence read never

P. 74, 1. 7, after Majuma Ascalonis insert {the p>ort of Ascalon)

P. 76, 1. 11, for 1500 read 2500

P. 81, 1. 17, for then read afterwards

P. 95, 1. 5, for thus read



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 39 of 51)