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413, 456, 457 f.

Archelaus, a later king of Cappa-
docia, I. ii. 123.

Archelaus, son of Herod, i. i. 416,
456, 464, 465, ii. 1 f., 5 f.; reign,
I. i. 38-42;* called also Herod,

I. i. 39 ; high priests under him,

II. i. 198; coins, i. i. 39.
Archelaus, son-in-law of Agrippa I.,

see Julius Archelaus.

Arcliisynagogoi, ii. ii. 63-65 ; in
Rome and Italy, ii. ii. 251;* title
given to women and children, ii.
ii. 65 ; in heathen religious
societies, ii. ii. 65 (see also :
Bulletin de Correspondence Hel-
le'nique t. viii. 1884, 463 sq.);
whether used to designate
Christian office-bearers, Addenda
in Index vol.

Archives, Roman library on the
capitol, I. i. 90.

Archons, municipal, e.g. in Tiberias,
II. i. 145.

Archons, Jewish, in Alexandria, li.
ii. 245; in Autioch, ll. ii. 244; in
Berenice, ii. ii. 246; in Rome and
Italy, II. ii. 249; annual election
in September, ii. ii. 250.

Areios, see Areus.

Areka, see Abba Areka.

'Aperct;, 'A/ss'^^j, orthography of the
name, I. ii. 359.

Aretas I., prince of the Nabateans,
I. ii. 350.

Aretas II., king of the Nabateans,
I. ii. 351.

Aretas III., B.C. 85-60, i. ii. 352-
355; on coins O/XiAAwv, i. ii. 353;



24



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



conquered Coele Syria, i. i. 182,

303, ii. 352; fij^'hts af^'ainst Aris-

tobulus II., I. i. 316-318; submits

to Scaurus, i. i. 329, ii. 353.
Art'ta.s IV. Aeneas, B.C. 9-a.d. 40, I.

ii. 5, 13, 19, 22, 25, 30, 33, 89,

350-359 ;• litiTatnre about, I. ii.

347 ; title " Kacheniammeh," i. ii.

359 ; inscri])tions and coins, I. ii.

359 ; held Damascus at the time

of Paul's flight, I. ii. 354, 357;

II. i. 66, 98.
Areas, king of Sparta, i. i. 250.
Argos, Jews residing there, il. ii.

222.
Ariarthes, king of Cappadocia, i. i.

240.
Aricia, Jews residing there, ii. ii.

238,
Arimathia = Ramathaim, l. i. 245 f.
Aristeas, epistle on origin of

Septuagint, ii. iii. 160, 306-312;*

contents, ir. iii. 306-308; date of

composition, ii. iii. 310; used by

Fathers of Church, ll. iii. 310;

MSS. editions and literature, ii.

iii. 312.
Aristeas, historian, ii. iii. 197, 208.
Aristo of Gerasii, li. i. 29, 119.
Aristo of Pel la, i. i. 69-72.
Aristobulus I., son of John Hyrcanus,

conquered- Samaria, i. i. 283;

reign, i. i. 291-294; chronology, i.

i. 273; calle» l'o^,uxtx at Kanatha, ii. i. 23.

Atlieiiio, commander under Cleo-



patra, I. 1. 426.
Athel



iuubius, officer of Antiochus
Sidetcs, I. i. 270.

Athronges, i. ii. 4.

Atonenu'nt, day of, I. i. 322.

-Attains II. of Pergamum, i. i. 240.

Attica, Jews residing there, ii. ii.
•2-2-2.

Atticus, governor of Judea, i. ii.
2(>0.

Audynaios, see Months.

Augusta Caesarea, ii. i. 85.

Augustamnica, Egyptian province,
II. ii. 280.

AvyovGTrinioi, Jewish communities
at Rome, ii. ii. 247.

Augustus, ^i^MTOi, title of Octavi-
anu.s, I. i. 406 ; of Tiberius and
Livia, I. ii. 338 ; of Titus (in life-
time of Vespasian), i. ii. 205 ;
cofuyrs Augusta, i. ii. 53.

Augustus, see Octavianus.

Aumu, the Syrian sun-god, ii. i. 23.

Auranitis or Hauran, district of
country, l. i. 409, 453, Ii. 1 2 ; pagan
worship there, II. i. 21-23 ; (Jreek
inscri])tions there, L i. 24 ; Na-
batean inscriptions, i. ii. 13, 347,
356, 360.

Authorities, relation of Pharisees
to the Cientile, I. ii. 79, ii. ii. 17 ;
otferings and ]iravers for them, i.
ii. 76 ; ll. i, 363, ii. 191.

Autonomy of cities, ii. i. C4 ; mCto-



vofio; as title of Abila, ii. L 105 ;

Capitol ias, i. ii. 267 ; Diocaesarea,

u. i. 140 ; Dora, ii. i. 89 ; Gadara,

II. i. 103 ; ( Jaza, il. i. 72 ; Ptole-

mais, II. i. 92.
Auxiliary troops, see aloe, cohortes.
Ava, heathen colonists in Samaria,

II. i. 6.
Avillius, Flaccus, governor of Egypt,

persecutor of .lews, i. ii. 91-95 ;

writing of Philo against him, ii.

iii. 349-354.
Aza = Gaza, ii. i. 68.
Azariah in Book of Daniel, praver

of, II. iii. 183-187.
Azariah, Jewish commander in the

times of the Maccabees, i. i. 221.
Azizus, Arabian ])rince of time of

Pom])ey, i. i. 184.
Azizus, king of Emesa, i. ii. 17G,

197, II. ii. 308.
Azotus (Ashdod), city, li. i. 76,*

comp. I. i. 195, 221, 244, 306, ii.

7 ; worship there, ii. i. 14 ; Jews

residing there, ii. L 78 ; coins, u.

i. 78.



B



Baba bathra, Talinudic tract, i. L
12,3.

Baba kamma, Talmudic tract, i. i.
123.

Baba mezia, Talmudic tract, i. i. 123.

Babas and his sons, i. i. 431 ; other
men of that name, i. i. 431.

Babylon, heathen colonists from
thence in Samaria, ii. i. 6.

Babylonia, Jews residing there, ir.
ii.' 223-225,* 290 ; rebellion under
Trajan, i. ii. 285 ; Babylonian
Jews settled in Batanea, i. ii. 13,
132, II. i. 4 ; Babylonian pap or
sauce as food, ii. i. 42 ; tower
building, ii. iii. 210, 278, 282.

Bacchides, general under Demetrius,
I. i. 227, 228, 232, 233, 234, 235,
238.

Bacchius, Judaeus, i. i. 319.

Bacchus, see Dionysos.

Baison, see Beth-sean.

Balanites, defeated by Judas Macca-
bacus, I. i. 220.

Balas, see Alexander.



p, NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



27



Balsam, gardens at Jenclio, i. i.

423 f.
Bamidbar rabba, Midrasli, i. i. 148.
Ban curse, exchision from the

Ciiurcli, II. ii. 60-62,* 157.
Banus, a hermit, i. i. 78.
Baptism and ritual washings gene-
raUy, ii. ii. 106-111 ; the officiat-
ing priests, ii. i. 278 ; of proselytes,
II. ii. 319-324.
Baraytha, i. i. 133; de - Kabbi

Elieser, i. i. 151.
Bar-Cochba (Simon), i. ii. 297; reigns
3^ years, i. ii. 311 ; coins, i. n.
299, 301 ; persecutes the Chris-
tians, I. ii. 300.
Barcoziba = Bar-Coc^iba.
Bargiora, Simon, i. ii. 232.
Barmizwa, ii. ii. 51.
Barnabas, Epistle of, on temple
building in Hadrian's time, I. ii.
290 ; meaning of the 318 servants
of Abraham, ii. i. 349 ; uses the
Book of Enoch, ii. iii. 70 ; had
read the fourth Book of Ezra, ii.
iii. 109.
Bartholomew, Bartimaeus, for an-
alogous cases, see under Ben.
Baruch :

(1) The Greek book, ii. m. 188-
195 ; * contents and sources,
II. iii. 189 f. ; date of com-
position, II. iii. 191 ; de-
pendence on Psalms of
Solomon, ii. iii. 22, 192 ;
read in synagogues on 10th
Gorpiaios, ii. iii. 193 ; used
in the Christian Church, ii.
iii. 193 f. ; ascribed to Jere-
miah, II. iii. 193.

(2) Apocalypse, ii. iii. 83 - 93 ;

contents, ii. iii. 83-88 ; date
of composition, il. iii. 88-
91 ; relation to fourth Book
of Ezra, ii. iii. 89 ; editions
and literature, ii. iii^ '92 ;
Messianic hope, ll. ii. 150.

(3) Various apocrypha, ii. iii. 91 f.
Barzapharnes, Persian satrap, I. i.

389.
Bascama, place so named, i. i. 254.
Basilides, priest on Carmel, i. ii. 323.
Basilica generally, ii. i. 34 ; jictsi'Aeio;

aro» in the temple, II. i. 35 ; the



great synagogue at Alexandria has
form of a, II. ii. 70 f.
Bassus, see Caecilius and Lucilius

Bassus.
Batanea, district of country, I. i.
409, 453, ii. 10,* 13 ; colony of
Babylonian Jews there, i. n. 13,
132, II. i. 4 ; mixed population,
II i. 2, 4 ; heathen forms of wor-
ship, II. i. 21-23.
Baths, a heathen institution, but
permitted to the Jews, ii. i. 33 :
public, visited by Antiochus Epi-
phanes, i. i. 201 ; bath of Aphro-
dite in Ptolemais, ii. i. 18, 53 ; of
Gadara (warm springs), ii. i. 100 ;
Callirrhoe, i. i. 463 ; Livias, ii. i.
143 ; Tiberias, ii. i. 143 ; Levitical,
see Washings.
Bathyra (see also Bathanea), I. u.

203.
Beans, Egyptian, il. i. 42 ; Cilician

bean meal, ii. i. 42.
Beasts, why many regarded as un-
clean (according to Philo and
Aristeas), li. iii. 270 ; fallen or
torn by beasts of prey not to be
eaten, ii. iii. 313.
Bechoroth, Talniudic tract, i. i. 124.
Beer, Median and Egyptian, ll. i.

42.
Beisan, see Bethsean.
Bekiin, place so named, ii. i. 371.
Bel and the Dragon, addition to

Daniel, ii. iii. 184-188.
Bemeselis, place so named, i. i. 302.
Bemidbar (Bamidbar), i. i. 148.
Ben Asai (Simon), I. i. 127 ; il. i.

377.
Ben Cosiba, see Bar-Cochba.
Ben Gamla (Jesus, son of Gamaliel),
II. i. 201,* 202, ii. 49 ; i. ii. 190,
228, 229.
Ben Nannos (Simon), i. i. 127; ii. i.

378.
Ben Sakkai (Jochanan), ii. i. 366,
comp. I. i. 126, 128, ii. 275; li. i.
323, 324, 335, 378.
Ben Soma, ii. ii. 82.
Bench, see Furniture.
Bene-Barak, place so named, ll. i.

375.
Benedictions of the Jews, see Prayer,



Blessings, Grace.



28



D. NAMES AND SUBJECia



Berachoth, Talmudic tract, i. i. 121.
Bcrea, place so named, I. i. 233.
Berenice, city in Cyrenaica, Jewish

inscription and constitution of

Jews there, li. ii. 246.
Berenice, daugliter of Costobar and

Salome, mollier of Agrippa I., i.

i. 456, ii. 151, 152.
Berenice, daughter of Agrippa I.,

loved by Titus, i. ii. 164, 195-204,

211, 342 ; inscription at Athens,

I. ii. 204.

Berenicianus, son of Herod of Clial-
cis, I. ii. 342.

Bereshith rabba, Midrash, i. i. 147.

Berua in Syria, i. i. 182.

Berur-Chail, place so named, ii. i.
366.

Beryllus, secretary to Nero, i. ii.
184.

Berytus, Roman colony from B.C.
15, I. i. 460; buihlings there of
Herod, i. i. 437 ; of Agrippa I., i.
ii. 160; buildings there of Agrippa
II., I. ii. 196 ; merchants at
Puteoli, II. ii. 253 f. ; linen in-
dustry, II. i. 41 ; game.?, l. ii. 160,
249, II. i. 24.

Both-ha-Midrash, ii. i. 325.

Beth-aramplitha ( = Liyias, Julias),

II. i. 141.
licth-lmsi, I. i. 238.
Bethel, I. i. 236, II. 232.
Bether (Betli-tlier), I. ii. 309 f.
]'eth-esob, i. ii. 241.
P.cth-haram (Liyias), ii. i. 141.
Beth-horon, l. i. 214, 229, 236.
Bethlehem, grave of Archelaus, i. ii.

42 ; Solomon's port and aqueduct,

I. ii. 84.

Beth-leptepha, capital of a toparchy,

II. i. 157, 159.
Beth-ome, I. i. 302.
Beth-phage, priest village, ii. i.

230.

Beth-ramtha (Livia.«), ii. i. 141.

Bcth-saida, ii. i. 136.

Beth-saida = Julias, i. ii. 14, 194 ; ii.
i. 13.'-), 136.

Beth-seaii (Sc ytliopolis), II. i. 110.

Bctli-ther (Bftlier), situation, i. ii.
309 ; siege and conquest in Had-
rian's war, I. ii. 310 ; date of con-
(piest, I. ii. 311 f.



Beth-ulia, in the Book of Judith, ii.

iii. 33.
Betli-zachariah, l. i. 223.
Beth-zur, I. i. 216, 219, 220, 223, 236,

241.
Betylia, see Beth-ulia.
Beza, Talmudic tract, I. i. 122.
Bezetha, suburb of Jerusalem, i. ii.

213, 239.
Bibulus, see Calpumius Bibulus.
Bikkurira, Talmudic tract, I. i. 122.
Bilga, one of the courses of the

priests, ii. i. 219.
Birds, miraculous, appearto Israelites

in desert, ll. iii. 227 ; if taken

from nest, mother to be left, ii. iii.

313 ; I. i. 440.
Birkath hamminim, ii. ii. 89.
liirthday festival, i. ii. 26, 158.
BitlijTiia, Jews residing there, ii. ii.

222 ; cheese from, ii. i. 43.
Bitther, see Beth-ther.
Blessings in the temple (benedic-
tion), II. i, 296, ii. 80 ; in the

synagogue, ii. ii. 80 ; should be

given only in Hebrew, ii. i. 10,

ii. 284.
Bliss, future and eternal, ii. ii. 181-

183 ; in Philo = return of soul

into union with God, ii. iii. 380.
Blood, Jews forbidden to use, ll. ii.

318 ; in the Book of Jubilees, ii.

iii. 137; in the Heraclitean Epistles,

II. iii. 316.
Boeotia, Jews residing there, ii. ii.

222.
Boethus, grandfather (or father?) of

Marianime, wife of Ilerod, i. i.

455, II. i. 97.
Boethus, high priestly family, ll. i.

204 ; a-Din^n, n. ii. 32.
Boethus, scholar of Antigonus of

Socho, II. ii. 32.
Bologna, Jews residing at, ii. ii.

242.
Books of Old Testament, see Scrip-
tures, Holy.
Books, covers and cases, ii. ii. 74.
Books, heavenly, ii. ii. 204.
I'oraytlia, see Baraytha.
Bosporus, Cimmerian, Jews residing

there, ii. ii. 226.
Bostra, cajiital of province of

Arabia, i. ii. 13, 362, ii. i. 118;



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



29



era, i. ii. 361 ; " A.Krta, Aovaocpioc

there, ii. i. 22.
Botrys, city, i. ii. 330.
Bread presented as dues to the

priests, ii. i. 241 f. ; of Gentiles

unclean, ii. i. 53.
Brescia, Jews residing there, ii. ii.

242.
Brutus, M., I. i. 337 f., 385, 387, ii.

ii. 259.
Bubastis, ii. ii. 286.
Buddhism, influence on the West,

II. ii. 215 ; influence on the

Essenes, ii. ii. 207, 215.
Building and style of building in

Palestine, ii. i. 34-36 ; Phoenician

and Egyptian, ii. i. 36 ; of Herod,

see Herod.
Burrus, 'praefedus praetorio, i. ii.

184.
Butis = Pella in the Decapolis, ii. i.

114.
Byblus, buildings of Herod there, i.

i. 437 ; linen industry at, li. i.

41.
Byssus, u. i. 276.



C



Cabbala, original meaning of the
word, II. i. 311.

Caecilius Bassus, i. i. 336, 337,
385.

Caecilius Creticus Silanus, i. i. 358.

Caesar, Julius, triumvirate and
civil war, i. i. 332, 376, 377 ;
proceedings in Syria, i. 1. 335,
377 ; Aera Caesariana in Syria, i.
i. 336, 364, 370 ; ii. i. 94 ; arrange-
ments in Judea, i. i. 378-383 ; ii.
i. 169 ; decrees favourable to Jews
outside of Palestine, i. i. 382 ; ii.
ii. 257 ; loved by the Jews, i. i.
383, II. ii. 235 ; death, i. i.337, 385.

Caesar, Sextus, i. i. 335, 384, 385.

Caesar, C, grandson of Augustus, i.
i. 354-357.

Caesarea (Straton's Tower), ii. i. 84-
87 ;* rebuilt by Herod, i. i. 434,
II. i. 85 ; residence of Roman
procurators, i. ii. 48, 265 ; garri-
soned by native troops, i. ii. 51-
54 ; conflict between Jews and



Gentiles over the hoTroTiirsiet, i.

ii. 181 f., 184 f. ; ll. i. 86, 148 ;

becomes a Roman colony, I. ii.

265, II. i. 86 ; religious worship

there, ii. i. 16 ; coins, ii. i. 85, 86;

purple dyeing, ii. i. 42 ; games, i.

ii. 163, 248 ; ii. i. 24, 25 f. ; Jews

residing there, li. i. 86, ii. 275,

283 ; R. Levi heard the Shemah

there recited in Greek, ii. ii. 284;

see also under Straton's Tower.
Caesarea Philippi (Panias,Neronias),

II. i. 132-135 ;* I. ii. 14, 196 ; era,

II. i. 133 ; worship, ii. i. 21 ;

coins, II. i. 133, 134 ; games, i. ii.

248 ; II. i. 25, 28.
Caesarea ad Lihanum (Area), i. ii. 202.
Caesar, worship of, see Emperor

Worsliip.
Caiaphas, high priest, ii. i. 182, 199.
Calabria, Jews residing there, ii, ii.

242.
Calendar —

(1) Jewish, I. ii. 363-377 ; of 1
Maccabees, i. i. 36 fl". ; of Jose-
phus, I. ii. 374-377 ; polemic
against lunar year in Book of
Jubilees, ii. iii. 138 ; of fasts,
see Megillath Taanith ; begin-
ning of year in spring and au-
tumn, I. i. 36-46, 465; ii. ii. 250;
post-biblical feasts, see Feasts.

(2) Syrian and Palmyrene, i. ii.
374, 375 ; of Gaza, Ascalon,
Tyre, and Sidon, ii. i. 72 ; of
Tyre, i. ii. 376.

(3) Athenian, i. ii. 366.

(4) Literature on Roman calendar,
I. i. 21.

Caligula, period of his reign, i. i.
365 ; oath of provincials on his
accession, i. i. 445 f. ; sacrifice
and oath of Jews on his accession,
I. ii. 90 ; generosity toward the
reges soccii, I. ii. 127 ; friendship
with Agrippa, i. ii. 152, 153 ;
chronology of last years of his
reign, i. ii. 36 f., 97, 98 ; death, i,
ii. 103, 153 ; demands divine
honours, i. ii. 91 ; persecution of
Jews in Alexandria, i. ii. 90-98 ;
in Judea, i. ii. 99 ; insists upon
his statue being placed in the
temple at Jerusalem, i. ii. 99 ;



30



n. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



writing of Pliilo about liiin, ii.

iii. 349-354.
Calliinaclius, verses on the Sabbatli,

H. iii. 302.
Callirnander, Syrian general, I. i.

iiS3.
Callirrlioe, place on oilier .«:iile of

the Dead Sea, I. 1. 463 ; Callistu.'',

Roman bishop, ii. ii. 2G8.
Calpurniu.';, M. Bibulus, governor of

Syria, i. i. 333.
Calpurnius, L. Bibulus, i. i. 343.
Calpuruius, L. I'iso, consul, B.C. 139,

I. i. 207.

Calpurnins, Cn. Piso, governor of

Syria in time of Tiberius, i. i.

358 ; on others of Piso family,

see Piso.
C'alvinus, see Doniitius.
( 'ampus Martins, ir. ii. 248.
( 'anatha, see Kanatha.
C'anata, see Kanata.
Candli'stick, the .seven branched in

temple, II. i. 281 ; its u.^e, II. i.

281, 289, 293-295; Corinthian,

II. i. 45.

Canon, Old Te.stament, ii. i. 306-
312 ; wonderful restoration under
Kzi-a, II. iii. 99 ; attitude of Sad-
•lucees toward, ii. ii. 38 ; of Hel-
leni.stic Jews, ll. iii. 176 ; of Philo,
II. iii. 366 r of Josephus, i. i. 107;
Book of Baruch used in public
worship, II. iii. 192 ; patristic
li.sts of canon with Apocrypha,
II. iii. 125.

Capernaum = Tell Hum, synagogue
there, li. ii. 71.

Capharsiiba, i. i. 303 ; ii. i. 130.

Capliarsilma, i. i. 228.

('apital ]iunishment could not in
tiuu's uf jtrocurators be carried
out by Sanhedrim, ii. i. 187-190;
whetliercarriedout by the soldiers,
I. ii. 61-65.

Capito, see Herennius Capito.

Capit



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