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Augustus, I. ii. 114-120; of

Quirinius in Judea, see Sul-

picius.
Ceplieus, worsliip of, in Joppa, ir.

1. 15.
Cerealis ( = Sext. Vettulenus Ceri-

alis), I. ii. 233, 236, 258.
Cestius Gallus, i. i. 368 f., ii. 109,

212, 218.
Cdo = Kyjro?, II. 1. 15.
Chabarzaba, see Antipatris.
Chaber, Chaberim ( = Pharisees), ii.

ii. 8, 22-25.
Chadasha = A dasa.
Chadid = Adida.
Chaeremon, on the Jews, ii. ii. 293,

iii. 255 f.
Cliagiga, Talmudic tract, i. i. 122.
Chalcis ad Belim, i. ii. 330, 343.
Chalcis on the Lebanon, i. ii. 329,

330, 343 ; coins and era, i. ii.

344 ; history of kingdom, I. ii.

325-344 ; (1) The larger kingdom

of Ptolemy Mennaus and Lysanias,

I. ii. 329-332 ; gifted by Antony
to Cleopatra, i. i. 402, ii. 332';
(2) The petty principality of
Herod of Chalcis, i. ii. 341-344.

Clialdean — " the Chaldee " = Abra-
ham, II. iii. 299.

Clialla, Talmudic tract, i. i. 121 ;
the bread presented to the priests,

II. i. 241.

Chanamel, high priest, see Ananel.
Chananiah, Q^jnan pD, i- i- 126 ;

II. i. 259, 368.*
Chananiah ben Antigonus, I. i.

127.
Cliananiah ben Teradion, ii. ii. 44.
Chananiah, see Ananias.
Chance, games of, ii. i. 36.
Chants of Palestine, i. i. 19.
Chanuka = feast of dedication, of

temple, i. i. 2l7f.
Chanuth, Chaniijoth, reported place

of meeting of Sanhedrim, ii. i.

192.
Chasidees, i. i. 198, 211,* 227 ; ll.

ii. 21 f.
Chazor, see Hazor.
Chebron, see Hebron.
Cheese, Bithynian, n. i. 43.



Chelkias, son of Onias IV., ii. ii.
279 f.

Chenephres, king of Egypt, il, iii.
206.

Children, how far obliged to study
the law, II. ii. 48 f. ; at what age
required to enter on full study of
law, II. ii. 49 ; might read the law
in synagogue, ii. ii. 79 ; the title
Archisynagogus held by children,
II. ii. 65.

Chisleu, Hebrew month, i. ii. 363.

Chios, buildings of Herod there, I.
i. 437.

Chonjo, see Onias IV.

Chorazin ( = Keraze), synagogue
there, ii. ii. 71.

Chrestus = Christus, ii. ii. 238.

Christians, flight of community
from Jerusalem to Pella, i. ii.
230 ; intercourse of a Jewish
Christian with R. Elieser, ii. i.
372 ; Jewish prayer against Jewish
Christians, ii. ii. 88 f. ; persecu-
tion by Bar-Cuchba, i. ii. 300;
in Rome, see Flavius Clemens.

Christology, patripassian in Testa-
merdum XII. Fatr., ii. iii. 118;
in Book of Baruch, ii. iii. 193.

Christ, see Jesus Christ.

Chronicles, Books of, are historical
Midrashim, ii. i. 340; j^lace in
the Canon, ii. i. 309 ; age of the
Greek translation, ii. iii. 162.

Chronology, literature on Roman
and Biblical, i. i. 20-23 ; of
Seleucidae, I. i. 169-185; of the
Asmoneans, i. i. 272 f. ; of Herod,

I. i. 398, 401-416, 464-467; of
the life of Jesus, i. ii. 30-32 ; see
also Era, Calendar, World (dura-
tion of) ; in the Book of Daniel,

II. iii. 53 f. ; in the Book of Jubi-
lees, II. iii. 135 ; in Demetrius,
ir. iii. 200 f . ; in Eupolemus, ii.
iii. 205 ; in the Books of Macca-
bees, I. i. 36-46 ; Josephus, i. i.
108.

Chrysorrhoas, near Damascus, and
near Gerasa, i. ii. 336 ; ii. i. 118.

Chrj'sostom Dio, on the Essencs, ii.
ii. 194.

Chullin, Talmudic tract, i. i. 124.

Church officers, see Synagogue.



32



-NAMES AND SUBJECia



Cliurch constitution, see Constitu-
tion.

Cicero, I. i. 114, 330, 331; Oratio
pro Flacco, II. ii. 235, 2G1.

Cicero, son, i. i. 34G.

Cilicia, belonf^s to Syria in B.C. 3-2,

I. i. 352 ; King Polenion of Cilicia,
see Polemon ; groats, ii. i. 43 ;
Ijaircloth, ii. i. 44 ; Jews residing
in, II. ii. 222 ; Jewish archi-
synagogus there, li. ii, 63 ; syna-
gogue of Cilicians in Jerusalem,

II. L 49, ii. 57.
Circumcision allowed on Sahbath,

II. ii. 103; of crowds of subject
peoples by Asnionean.*, i. i. 280,
2S>3, 307; adhered toby Herodian
princes, i. i. 444, ii. 157, 197; of
])roselytes, ii. ii. 312, 313, 319,
320; whether ab.«iolutely nece.s-
wxry, II. ii. 313, 320; prohibited
by Antiochus Epiphane.-^, i. i. 207 ;
prohibited by Hadrian and again
j)ennitted by Antuninus Pius, i.
ii. 292, 293, 318, ii. ii. 2G8;
heathen abuse and Jewish apolog}',
II. iii. 209 ; artificial removal of
marks (e's-/'7z-a(7^o;), I. i. 203.

Circus, see Games.

Cirta, Jewish inscription at, li. ii.
231.

Citations froui 0. T. in the Mishna,
by what formula introduced, ii.
i. 311.

Cities, Jewish, distinguished from
villages, ii. i. 154, ii^ G8; Hellen-
istic, in Palestine, history and
constitution, ii. i. 57-149;* coins
of these and literature about them,
I. i. 25-28 ; worship in, ii. i.
11-23; games, ii. i. 23-28;
famous men, ii. i. 28, 29 ; found-
ing of — (1) by Alexander the
Great and the Diadochai, i. i. i
195 f.; (2) by Ptok'.ny Phila-
delphus, see under liis name;
(3) by Gabiniu.s, ii. i. G2 ; (4) by
Herod the Great and his sons, i.
i. 434 f. ; II. i. 122-148; (5) by
Koman emperors, see Colonies.

Civitntcs liherae, foederatae. ii. i. 63,
04.

ClimUa Aster Hierosohjmitana cap-
tiva, II, ii. 239,



Claudius, emperor, period of reign,
I. i. 3GG ; accession to the throne,
I. ii. 154; rule of freedmen at his
court, I. ii, 175 ; famine in his
time, I. ii. 169 f., comp. 142;
games in honour of his campaign
in Britain, i. ii. 1G3 ; Palestinian
coins, I. ii. 78, 175; Palestinian
cities favoured by him, see Ka«i/-
oiii;; toleration edict regarding
the Jews issued by, i. ii. 99 ; ii. ii.
236, 266 ; rescript about the robes
of the high priest, l. ii. 168 ; ex-
pulsion of Jews from Eome, ii. ii.
236 f.

Claudius Paternus Clementianus,
procurator of Judea, i. ii. 264.

Clean and unclean according to
traditional law, ii. ii. 106-111:*
tracts of Mishna treating of this
sixth seder, i. i. 125; practice of
the Pharisees, ii. ii. 20-25 ; Gen-
tiles as such unclean, ii. i. 54, ii.
320; purifving of priests (wash-
ing), II. i. 215,' 283, iii. 119; what
kind of water must be used, ii. ii.
109-111 ; to keep clean Alexan-
drian Jews live in a separate
([uarter, ii. ii. 228, 229.

Clearchus, ii. ii. 225.

Clemens, see Flavins Clemens.

Clemens Alexandrinus on the death
of Moses, II. iii. 81 ; on the time
of Mose-s, II. iii. 259, 260 ; uses the
Sibyllines, ii. iii. 289 ; uses forged
verses of Greek poets, ii. iii. 295.

Clementianus, see Claudius Pat. CI.

Cleodemus = Malchus, writer, ii. iii,
97, 209 f.

Cledpatra, daughter of Antiochus
III., wife of Ptolemy V., ii. i. 60,
67.

Cleopatra, daughter of Ptolemy V.,
wife of her brother Ptolemy VI.
Philometor and Ptolemy VII.
Phy.scon, ii. ii. 279, 286.

Cleo])atra, daughter of Ptolemy VI.
Philometor, wife of the three
Syrian kings, Alexander Balas,
Demetrius II., and Antiochus
VII. Sidetes, i. i, 180, 242, 244,
281.

Cleopatra, another daughter of Pto-
lemy VI., mother of Ptolemy



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



33



VIII. LathuruP, i. i. 284 f., £96-
297 ; II. i. 93, ii. 279.
Cleopatra, the last Egyptian queen,
wife of Marc Antony, i. i. 339,
344,* 401-403,* 420-428 ;* obtains
dominion over parts of Syria,
Phoenicia, Palestine, and Arabia,

I. i. 344 f., 402 f., 423, ii. 332,
355; II. i. 62; era of Chalcis, i. i.
402 ; coins in Ascalon, ii. i. 75 f. ;
death, i. i. 341, 428; a grand-
daughter married to Felix the
Procurator, i. ii. 176.

Cleopatra, wife of Herod, i. i. 456,

ii. 20.
Cleopatra, wife of the Procurator

Gessius Florus, I. ii. 190.
Clitae, a tribe in Asia Minor, I. ii.

123.
Closet in synagogue for keeping

rolls, etc., II. ii. 74.
Clothing, Greek and Roman, used in

Palestine, ll. i. 43-45 ; of priests,

II. i. 276 ; of high priest, il. i. 256 ;

I. ii. 76 ; of priests kept in temple,

II. i. 260, 268 ; white of the
Essenes, ii. ii. 194, 211; made of
linen and woollen mixed is for-
Ijidden (except to priests), ll. i.
277 ; I. ii. 71 ; zizith to be worn on
upper, II. ii. 112 ; of Am-liaarez
is unclean, ii. ii. 6, 24.

Cluvius Rufus, whether used by
Josephus, I. i. 89.

Cnidus, Jews residing there, ll. ii.
222.

Cochba, see Bar-Cochba.

Codex de Rossi, 138 ; this MS. of the
Mishna peculiarlj' serviceable to
me is to be found in Parma.

Coele - Syria, according to Theo-
phrastus, embraces also the Lovrer
Jordan district, i. i. 425 ; in
Ptolemy's time a taxation district
along wath Judea, Samaria, and
Phoenicia, I. i. 190 ; taken by
Antiochus IX. Cyzicenos, i. i.
182 ; Damascus, ca^ itr;l i.f (Jos.
Antt. xiii. 15. 2), ii. i. 97; Herod,
governor of, i. i. 384, 386 ; cities
reckoned in Coele-Syria: Philo-
teria on Lake of Gennezaret, i. i.
307 ; all those of Decapolis :
Abila (according to coins), ii. 1.



105 ; Dium (according to Steph.
Byz.), II. i. 115 ; Gadara (coins and
Jos. Ant. xiii. 13. 3), ii. i. 103;
Gerasa (Steph. Bvz.), ii. i. 117 ;
Pella (Steph. Byz.), II. i. 114:
Philadelphia (coins), ii. i. 121 ..
Scythopolis (Steph. Byz. and Jos.
Ant. xiii. 13. 2), ii. i. 110 ; many
writers, like Polybius and Dio-
dorus, reckon in it cities on
Philistine coast, e.g. Raphia, ii. i.
67 ; Joppa, ii. i. 80.

Cohortatio ad G-raecos, see Justin.

Cohortes, organization generally, i.
ii. 49; peditatae and equitutae, I.
ii. 56 ; cohors I. Flavia Damasceno-
rum, I. ii. 354 ; Ituraeorum, I. ii.
341 ; Sebastenorum, I. ii. 52, 53; coh.
Italica (Acts x. 1), i. ii. 54 ; coh.
Augusta (Acts xxvii. 1), i. ii. 53.

Coins and coinage —

(1) Numismatic literature :

(a) On Seleucid coins, i. i.
23 f.

(5) On coins of autonomous
cities of Palestine
(Phoenician, Greek,
Roman), i. i. 24 f.

(c) On Jewish coins, i. i.
25-28.

((■') On Naliatcan coins, i.
ii. 345-348.

(2) Coins of Alexander the Great

at Ascalon, ii. 1. 75 ; at
Straton's Tower, ii. 1. 84 ;
at Ace, II. i. 91 ; at Damas-
cus, II. i. 96 ; at Scythopolis,
II. i. Ill; at Philadelphia,
II. i. 120.

(3) Phoenician coins in Gaza, ii.

i. 69; Ashdod, ii. i. 77;
Ace, II. i. 92 ; Phoenician
or Tvrian coinage, ii. i. 38-
40, 244, 250.

(4) Hebrew shekels, i. 1. 257 f.,

ii. 379-383; coins of the
reliellion (Bar-Cochba), i. ii.
38,3-392.

(5) Palestinian coinage of the

Graeco-Roman period, ii. i.
38-40; coins have no human
figure, I. i. 443, ii. 77 ; right
of vassal kings to mint these,
I. i. 450.



34



J). NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



(6) Coins of the Jewish princes :

Jolin Hyrcanus, i. i. 284 ;
Aristuliulus I., I. i. 293 ;
Alexander Jannaus, i. i.
305: Alexandra, i. i. 308;
Anti;^'onii.«, I. i. 392 ;
Herud the Great, I. i.
443, 450 ; Philip, I. ii.
15 f. ; Herod Antipas, I.
ii. 20 f., conip. I. i., 46G,
ii. 38 ; Archelaus, I. ii.
3!) ; Aj^Tijipa I., i. ii. 155,
IGl ; A



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 43 of 51)