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221 ; see also Crete.

Gospels should be burnt, according
to R. Tarjdion, ii. i. 377.

Governors, Roman, see Icgati, pro-



46



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



cotisules, proniratores. Succepsioii
of Roman Governors in Syria, i.
i. 328-37U ; in Judea, i. ii. 81 f.,
lGf;-iyi,258-2G4;iin.IerHerodian
])nnces in tlie cities, ii. i. C6.

(Jrace before and after meat, il. ii.
117; nii;4lit be eaid in otiier
]an;,'uages than Hebrew, ii. ii. 10,
284.

(Jrain, a chief jirodiict of Palestine,
II. i. 41 ; gifts thereof to the
])riests, ii. i. -^37.

(Iiauiniar of rabbinical language, I.
i. 13'J.

(iratus, officer of Herod, i. ii. 51.

(iratus, procurator, see Valerius
Gratus.

Graves are unclean, i. ii. 19 f. ; Jew-
ish inscriptions on, literature of,
I. i. 31-34; celebrated —
(1) In and near Jeru.saleni: David's,

I. i. 27G; John Hyrcanus', i. i.
290; Alexander Jaiiniius', i. i.
305 ; monument of Herod, i. i.
4G7; kings' graves, ii. ii. 310 f.;
monument of Helena, ii. ii. 310;
of tSt. James, with inscrip-
tion of bene Chesir, i. i. 31.
On other graves : see Tobler,
Topographie von Jerusalem, ii.
227 if.

(2)Iu Palestine: Patriarchs' graves
at Hebron (see Josephus, ]Vars
of the Jens, iv. 9. 7) ; of Joshua
at Thamna, li. i. lASf.; of the
Maccabees at Modein, i. i. 210,
233,254; of Archelaus at Beth-
lehem, I. ii. 42. On graves of
RiilJjis in Galilee, see Carmoly,
Itine'raires de la Tare Sainte,
1847.

(3) In tlie Dispersion : at Pome,

II. ii. 240; at Venosa, ii. ii. 242.
(ireece, Jews tlwelling there, ii. ii.

222, 232," 270, 282 ; Oriental
religions introduced there, ii. ii.
300 f.; relations with the Ka.st, .«ee
Athens, Sparta, and following
aiticle.
(Inek influences on the internal
development of Pah'stinian Juda-
ism, II. i. 350, ii. 216 f.; language
among Jews of Palestine, ii. i.
47-50; see aho Il-.llenism; words



in Mishna, ii. i. 31 f., 4G; names
among the Jews of Palestine, ii. i.
47; kurbis(]iumpkins)and.hyssoji,
II. i. 43; not understood by jieojde
of Scythojiolis, ll. ii. 82 ; study
forbidden by Pabbis during the
Quietus war, ii. ii. 50; in public
worship in the dispersion, ii. ii.
283 f. ; writers, their views of
Judaism, ii. ii. 291-297, iii. 249-
2G2; writers of Palestinian descent,
II. i. 28 f.

Greeks at the court of HeioJ, i. i.
441 f.

Groats, Cilician, ii. i. 43.

Gropina, see Agrijipinas.

Grossetest, translator of 2V.>./rt?«. XII.
Fatr., II. iii. 123.

Gusch-Chalab = Gi.schala, i. ii. 225.

Gymnasium in Jerusalem in time of
Maccabees, i. i. 203 ; in heathen
cities of Pale.'^tine, see Games.

Gyninosophists, Indian, ii, ii. 206.



H



Habdala, li. ii. 88.

Hadrian, emperor, letter to Servianus
about the Egyptians, ii. ii. 230 ;
travels of, i. ii. 295 f.; coins with
inscription: adventui Aidj. Jn-
dume, I. ii. 29G; exercitus Judaicus,
I. ii. 314; rebellion of Jews, and
war against, i. li. 287-321;* occa-
sion of this war, l. ii. 289-294 ;
course of the war, i. ii. 297-312;
chronology, l. ii. 295, 297, 311 f.;
whether in Palestine during the
war, I. ii. 305 f. ; title oi Impcrator,

I. ii. 313 ; founding of Aelia
Capitolina, l. ii. 291, 294 f., 315-
317; statue of emperor in the
temple, i. ii. 317; forbids Jews to
enter Aelia, I. ii. 315 ; forbids
circumcision, i. ii, 291-293, 318 ;

II. ii. 2G7 f.

IIaftar()th = Readings from the Pro-

l)hets, II. ii. 81.
Hajadath Megilla, i. i. 149.
Hagga.hi, i. i". 117 f., ii. i. 327, 339-

350 ; see Legends, Midrashim ;

Josephus' knowledge of, i. i. 85,

108 ; passages from Jerusalem and



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



47



Babylonian Talmud (Jephe mare

and i'n Jacob), i. i. 134.
Haircloth, Cilician, ii. i. 44.
Halacha, i. i. 117 f.; ii. i. 321-324,

330-339 ; * declared to be legally

binding, II. ii. 12; not acknow-
ledged by the Sadducees, ii. ii. 34;

Philo's acquaintance with it, li.

iii. 365; Josephus' acquaintance

with it, I. i. 85, 108.
Halicarnassus, Jews residing there,

II. ii. 221, 258, 268.
Hallel, II. i. 291.
Hamath, district in Babylon,

heathen colonists sent to Samaria,

II. i. 6.
Hamath on Lebanon, i. i. 251.
Hananiali, see Ananias and Cha-

naniah. "
Hands, defiling of, by touching

books of Holy Scripture, ii. i. 309,

ii. 5 f., 36 ; washing of, general!}',

II. ii. 109-111 ; before eating, li.

ii. Ill, 209 f. ; before prayer, ii.

ii. 70 ; of officiating priests, ii. i.

278, iii. 116 ; laying on of, ll. i.

177,
Handicraft and the office of scribes,

II. i. 318.
Handkerchiefs, ii. i. 44.
Hannas, see Ananos.
Haphtaroth = Readings from the

Prophets, ii. ii. 81.
Harbours in Palestine, see Ascalon,

Azotus, Caesarea, Gaza, Jamnia,

Joppa, Ptolemais.
Harps, II. i. 272.
Hasmoneus, i. i. 2G6.
Hasmonean dynasty founded by

iSimon, i. i. 265 ; name of dynasty,

I. i. 266 ; genealogy, i. ii. 400 ;

chronology, i. i, 272 ; title of

king, I. i. 292 ; judgment of

Psalms of Solomon on, ii. iii.

18, 19 ; of Ass'umjytio Mosis, ji.

iii. 75.
Hasmoneans, Mishna of, i. i. 130, li.

iii. 5.
Hasor, see Hazor.
Hauran, see Auranitis.
Hazor, pjlace so named, I. i. 249.
Healing of sick on Sabbath day, ii.

ii. 104 ; by magical arts, ii. iii.

151-155 ; among the Essenes, ii.



ii. 204 ; in Book of Tobit, ll. ii.
38.

Heathen culture in Palestine, see
Hellenism.

Heathenism, literary polemic of
Jews against, ii. iii. 262-270.

Heathenism, rabbinical casuistry
keeps up separation from, ii, i.
52-56.

Heathens, judgment of against
Judaism, ii. i'l. 291-297, iii." 249-

. 262; ofler sacrifices in Jerusalem,
II. i. 299-305 ; those who "feared
God" among, see Proselytes.

Heathens as such unclean, ii. i. 54,
ii. 320 ; intercourse with, re-
stricted by rabbinical injunc-
tions, ^11. i. 53 f , 54 f. ; see also
E.xclusiveness.

Heave-offerings for the priests, see
Terumah.

Heaven, metonym for God, ii. ii.
171 ; kingdom of, ii. ii. 170f.

Hebran in Hauran, in tetrarchy
of Philip, I. ii. 13.

Hebrew language in Palestine in
time of Christ, ii. i. 9 f. ; in what
cases its use obligatory, ii. i. 10,
ii. 284 f ; Philo's knowledge of,
II. iii. 365 ; Josephus' knowledge
of, I. i. 108 ; new woids and
grammatical forms in rabbinical,

I. i. 138 f.

Hebrews (Alfipioi), synagogue of, in
Rome, II. ii. 248.

Hebron, destroyed by Judas Mac-
cabaeus, i. i. 221 ; overcome by
Simon Bar - Giora, i. ii. 232 ;
destroyed by Cerealis, i. ii. 233 ;
yearly market at the terebinth
near, i. ii. 314.

Hecataeus of Abdera, Jewish for-
geries under his name, ii. iii. 302-
306, 297 ; comp. ii. i. 218, 283 ;
older than Aristeas, ii, iii, 303,
306.

Hecataeus of Miletus, geographer,

II. i. 88 (on the genuineness of
his work, see also Diels, Hermes,
xxii. 1887, p. 411 ff.).

Hecate, worship of, in Gaza, ii. i. 12.
Hecatombs, offerings, ii. i. 302.
Hegesippus, Christian writer, on
James the Just, i, ii. 187 f. ; on



48



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



search for descendants of David

by Vespasian, Doniitiau, and

Trajan, i. ii. 279.
He.nesippus (Pseiido), De Bdlo

Jiuhiico, I. i. 10(^, 101 ; used Ijy

Josippon, I. i. 16G.
Heifer, the reil, by what high

priests burnt, I. i. 289 ; ll. i.

197.
Hid! Kin on Lebanon, inscription

tliere, I. ii. 192, 19.3.
Helena of Adiabene, ii. ii. 309-

311.
Helicon, slave of Caligula, i. ii. 96.
Heliopolis in Egypt, where Abra-

hani had intercourse with the

priests, ii. iii. 211 ; a sanctuary

there founded by Jacob's sons, ii.

iii. 207 ; Jewish temple in Nonius

of, see Leontopolis.
Heliopolis in Syria, i. ii. 340.
Helios, worshij) in Ascalon, ii. i.

14 ; in Damascus, ii. i. 19 ; in

Gaza, II. i. 12 ; in Hauran, ii. i.

23; of sun god in Rome, ii. ii.

302.
Hell, .see Gehenna.
Hellenism in Palestine, l. i. 194-

199, 202; II. i. ll-.'il.*
Hellenistic cities in Palestine, his-
tory and C(mstitution, ii. i. 57-

149 ; Judaism, literature of, ii.

iiu 150-381 ; see also Dispersion;

Jew in Asia Minor in time of

Aristotle, ii. ii. 225.
Heman, family of temple singers,

It. i. 271.
Hemerobaptists, ir. ii. 210.
Hi?raclides, minister of Antiochus

Epi])hanes, i. i. 240.
lleraclitus draws from Moses, ii. iii.

3(J7 ; Epistles of, ii. iii. 31G.
Hercules, relationship with Abr.i-

ham, II. iii. 310; descendants, ii.

iii. 210 ; Jews .^ent to Tyre otfer-

ings for, i. i. 203 ; worship of, in

Caesarea, II. i. 17 ; in Gailara, ii.

i. 20; in Philadelphia, ii. i. 20;

in Hauran, ii. i. 22.
Herennius Capito, i. ii. 99, 152.
Hermes identified with Moses, ii.

iii. 20G ; father of Sikimio.s

founder of Shechem, ii. iii. 225.
Hcnnes Trismcgistus, ii. iii. 319.



Hermippus Calliniachus, ii. iii. ICl,

317.
Herod the Great —

(1) Josephus' sources for his his-
tory, I. i. 60, 88 ; non-extant
works on him (his own Me-
moirs, Ptolemy, Nicolas of
Damascus. Justus of Tiberias),
I. i. 56 if., 65 tf.

(2) Descent— whether of Ascalon,
I. i. 314 ; 'Ha//«>i/3«?or, I. i. 419 ;
date of his birth, i. i. 383 ; do-
ings and fortunes prior to his
appointment as king, i. i. 383-
390 ; appointment as king, i.
i. 393 ; concjuers Palestine, l. i.
393-399.

(3) Keign, I. i. 399-352 ; chrono-
logical summary, i. i. 400-416 ;
position as king in eve of lav.-,
I. i. 448-451, ii.' 122-127.

Policy —

(rt) Foreign — Relations to An-
tony and Cleopatra, i. i. 422-
426 ; to Augustus, i. i. 426-
429, 448-453, 458-464.

(6) Home Policy — Relations to
Pharisees and Sadducees, i.
i. 419, 444, 445, 463 ; to the
noldes in Jerusalem, i. i. 419,
4-15; II. i. 170 ; to the As-
nioneau family, i. i. 419-
423.

(4) Sundrv details — Buildincrs, i.
i. 405, 408, 409, 413, 432-438 *
440 ; still existing remnants of
his works : theatre at Jeru-
salem, I. i. 432 f. ; David's
tower, I. i. 433 ; temple
walls, I. i. 439 ; temple in
Kanatha, I. i. 434 ; colonnaded
street in Samaria, ll. i. 125 ;
fortiess of Herodium, I. i. 435 ;
fortress of Masada, I. i. 436, li.
251 f Character, i. i. 416 f. ;
indications of culture and taste,
I. i. 440-442 ; memoirs com-
posed by him, I. i. 56 ; oath
refused by Pharisees, i. i. 445 ;
fviToo~o; of Syria, i. i. 453 ;
family, i. i. 396, 420-423, 430-
432, 454-464 ; enlargements of
territory, i. i. 404, 409, 453;
genealogy, i. ii. 401 ; observ-



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



49



ance of requirements of law,

I. i. 443, 444 f. ; Greeks at his
court, I. i. 442 ; high priests
appointed and deposed by him,

II. i. 197 f.; wars with Arabians,
see Malchus I. and Obodas II. ;
coins, I. i. 443, 450 ; palace in
Ascalon, i. ii. 7 ; ii. i. 76 ; palace
in Jerusalem, see Buildings ;
policy, I. i. 448 ; jirescriptioiis, i.
i. 401, 420 ; ii. i. 170 ; travels to
Rome, I. i. 410, 411, 414; games,
I. i. 405, 438 f. ; cities founded
or rebuilt, l. i. 434 f. ; il. i. 85 f.,
123-132 ; remission of taxes, I.
i. 409,411, 448 ; studies, human-
ist, I. i. 442 ; temple, see Build-
ings ; wills, first, second, and
third, I. i. 415, 416, 461-404 ;
death and burial, i. i. 464-467 ;
year of death, i. 1. 465-467 ;
estimate of him in Assumptio
Mosis, II. iii. 75.

Herod, son of Herod the Great by
the second Mariamme, i. 1. 415,
455, 462, ii. 20, 21, 22.

Herod, son of Herod the Great by
Cleopatra, i. ii. 20.

Herod Antipas, see Antipas.

Herod Archelaus, see Archelaus.

Herod Agrippa, see Agrippa.

Herod of Chalcis, i. ii. 159, 192 f.,
341-344 ; coins and inscriptions,
I. ii. 343 ; high priests appointed
by, II. ii. 200.'

Herod Atticus, i. 1. 417, ii. 260.

Herod of Ascalon at Puteoli, i. i.
315.

Herod, days of, referred to by Per-
sius, II. ii. 306.

Houori:, orthography of name and
various men of name of Herod,
I. i. 416 f.

Herodias, daughter of Aristobulus,
I. ii. 21 f., 23-28, 36, 151 ; date
of her marriage with Antipas,
I. ii. 31.

Herodias, supposed name also of
daughter of Antipas, i. ii. 28.

Herodium, fortress, built by Herod
the Great, i. i. 435 ; Herod buried
there, I. i. 467 ; capital of a top-
archy, ii. i. 157, 160 : in Jewish
war conquered by Lucilius Bassus,



I. ii. 250 ; another fortress of same

name, i. i. 435.
Heromicas=Jarmuk, river, ii. i.

101.
Heroon in Gaza, ii. i. 12.
Hesbon, see Esbon.
Hesiod, verses on the Sabbath, ll.

iii. 296 f , 302.
Hesychius, recension of the Septua-

gint, II. iii. 165 f.
Hexapla of Origen, il. iii. 164 f.
Hezekiah, king of Judah, ordered

suppression of Solomon's "Book

of Cures," ii. iii. 153 f.
Hezekiah, high priest in time of

Ptolemy Lagus i. i. 188.
Hezekiah, captain of robber band,

I. i. 383.
Hieromices, Hieromax, river, ii. i.

101.
High priests, history specially at-
tended to by Josephus, I. i. 89.

1. Succession :

(ft) From Alexander the
Great to time of Macca-
bees, I. i. 188 f.
(//) In time of Maccabees :
Onias III., i. i. 202-204;
Jason, I. i. 202-204;
Menelaus, i. i. 204, 226 ;
Alcimus, I. i. 227, 230,
234-236.

(c) The Asmonean princes
from Jonathan to Anti-
gonus, I. i. 241-399 ; here-
ditary succession, i. i. 264;
title, I. i. 265, 284, 292,
293, 305, 378, 392; [as
analogous, compare the
princes of Chalcis and
Iturea, Ptolemy, Lysanias,
and Zenodorus], i. ii. 332,
334.

(d) From Herod the Great to
the Destruction of Jeru-
salem, II. i. 197-202 ; I. ii.
228.

2. Political position, i. i. 188,
284, ii. 72; ii. i. 184-190,
197-206;* also in Roman
Age high priest is -TrponrxTn;
ToD 'iduov;, I. ii. 72 ; presidents
of Sanhedrim, ii. i. 180-184 ;
deposed, retained privileges



50



T). NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



and functions, ii. i. 202 f. ;
faiiiilie.*, ii. i. 202-206;
several eipxtiosi; in Sanhe-
drim, II. i. 182, 202-206;
belonged toSaililucean party,
II. i. 178 ; or Pliarisees, ii. i.
178 ; violent proceedings of,
during a.d. 50-66, l. ii." 181,
189.
3. Position of the priests —
marriage laws, ii. i. 210 ;
cleanness, ii. i. 213 ; beauti-
ful robe, II. i. 256 ; history
of that robe, i. ii. 76, 167 ;
dress on dav of Atonement
of white, II. 1 43, 256 ; daily
meat-offering, ii. i. 287-289 ;
sjicerdotal functions, ii. i.
254 tf. ; exercised also by
Asuionean princes, see John
Hyrcanus, i. i. 284 ; by
Alexander .Tanniius, i. i. 300.
Hilk'l, the ehler. ll. i. 180, 323, 334,
353, 356, 359-363 ; his seven
rules, II. i. 336 f. ; proverbs, ii. i.
353 ; introduces a Prosbol, ii. i.
362 f. ; Hellel=pTO/a7nw accord-
ing to Jerome, I. i. 119; schools
ut'Shammai and, II. i. 334,359-363.
Ilillel, ])atriarch in fourth cent, a.d.,

iii.s ciilendar reform, i. ii. 372.
llipi)icus, tower on palace of Herod,

I. ii. 211, 247.
Hippodrome, see Games.
Hippolytus, vioi rov -ttx-j-vo;, I. i.

94.
Hii^pus, city, ii. i. 98-100,* i. i. 196,
306, 323, 404, 428, ii. 6 ; situa-
tion, see Addenda in Appendix
vol. ; belonging toDecapolis, ii. i.
95 ; era antl coins, ll. i. 1



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 45 of 51)