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and Hyrcanus, i. i. 316 ; Pompey,
I. i. 321 ; Herod, i. i. 396 ; in
Roman times capital of a top-
archy, ii. i. 157. 160 ; capital of
Judea, II. i. 161 ; garrison in time
of procurators, i. ii. 55 ; comp.
48 f. ; sieges and conquest by
Titus, I. ii. 237-247 ; from Ves-
]iasian to Hadrian, i. ii. 265,
300-302, 30G-308 ; founding of
Aelia by Hadrian, see Aelia ;
entrance to city forbidden to the
Jews, I. ii. 315.

Jerusalem, the new or heavenly, ii.
ii. 168 f.

Jerusalem Targuni, see Targums.

Jesus, see Joshua.

Jesus Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), ii, iii.
23-30 ; origin of the book, ii. iii.



27 ; title, li. iii. 28 ; quotations
in Rabbinical literature, ii. iii.
27 ; whether in Hebrew canon,
II. i. 310 ; in Latin Church
ascribed to Solomon, ii. iii. 28 f.
Messianic hope in, ii. ii. 138 ;
alphabet of Ben Sira, ii. iii. 28.

Jesus = Jason, high priest in Macca-
bean age, i. i. 202.

Jesus Christ, i. ii. 29, 30 ; * chron-
ology of His ministry, i. ii. 30 f. ;
literature of chronology of life of,

I. i. 21-23 ; witness of Josephus
to, I. ii. 143-149 ; in Suetonius =
Chrestus, ii. ii. 238 ; rabbinical
jiarallels to the sayings of Jesus,

II. ii. 124 ; descent from Levi and
Judah,^ II. iii. 118-120 ; whether
crucifixion by Roman soldiers, i.
ii. 61-65 ; holy sepulchre and
finding of the cross, I. ii. 317.

Jesus, son of Phabi, high priest, ii.

i. 197.
Jesus, son of See, high priest, ii. i.

198.
Jesus, son of Damnaios, high priest,

II. i. 201 ; I. ii. 189.
Jesus, son of Gamaliel, high priest,

II. i. 201,* 202, ii. 49 ; i. ii. 190,

228, 229.
Jesus, son of Sapphias, tZv oioxis-

pso>u u;, II. i. 203 ; I. ii. 214.
Jesus, son of Sapphias, archoii of

Tiberias, ii. i. 147.
Jewish Christians, see Christians.
Jewish population of Palestine, its

extent, i. i. 191, 192 ; ii. i. 1-7 ;

see also : Galilee, Judea, Perea.
Jezreel, the plain, i. ii. 89.
Joachim, high priest in Book of

Judith, II. iii. 33.
Joasar, son of Boethos, high priest,

II. i. 198 ; I. ii. 80.
Job, history in Aristeas, ll. iii. 208 ;

date of Greek translation, ii. iii.

162, 209.
Jobab = Job, ii. iii. 208.
Jochanan, see John.
Jochanan, high i:)riest, see John

Hyrcanus.
Jochanan ben Sakkai, Rabban, i. i,

127; II. i. 336 f. ;* comp. i. i.

126, 128; II. i. 323, 324, 325,

378 ; arrangement about the



54



-NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



benodiction, II. ii. 82 ; prophesies
to Vespasian, i. ii. 2-2li.

Juchanan beu Nuri, K., i. i. 127 ; ii.
i. 377 f.

Jochanan ben Beroka, R., i. i. 127 ;
II. i. 378.

Jochanan ben Torta, R., i. ii. 298.

Joi'.ser, captain of the temple, ll. ii.
30.

.lolin, see also Jochanan.

Jolin, brother of Judas Maccabaeu.?,
I. i. 209, 235.

John Hyrcanus I., incaninfr of name,
I. i. 273 ; in fathei-'s lifetime gover-
nor of Gazara, i. i. 2G1 ; conquers
Kendebiius, i. i. 271 ; reij^ni gener-
ally, I. i. 272-290;* chronology,
I. i. 272 f. ; relations with the
Romans, l. i. 277 ; conquests, i. i.
279 f., 283 ; coins, i. i. 284 ; title,
I. i. 285 ; relations with Pharisees
and Sadducees, i. i. 286-289 ;
chronicle of, i. i. 47 ; ii. iii. 13.

John the Baptist, i. ii. 2:j-29 ; ac-
count of, by Josephus, l. ii. 23 f. ;
chronology of his ministry, i. ii.
30-32.

John of Gischala, i. ii. 210, 227-
230, 233-235, 237-247, 249.

John of Antioch, relations Avith
Malalas, i. ii. 2G1 f. ; conip. 88.

John of Damascus, ii. iii. 326.

JdIiu Malalas, see Malalas.

Joiarib, priest family, ii. i. 219,
222.

Join Tob, Talniudic tract, i. i.
122.

Joma, Talmudic tract, i. i. 122.

Ji)na(lal), family, ii. i. 252.

Jonathan, Maccabee, i. i. 209, 234-
254 ; is made high priest, i. i.
241 ; aTpocTYiyo; and /^iuihxpxn;, i.
i. 242 ; embassy to Rome, i. i.
249 ; death, I. i. 254 ; year of
death, i. i. 255.

Jonathan = Januiieus, see Alex-
ander.

Jonathan, son of Ananos, high
prie-st, II. i. 199,* 202; i. ii.
178.

Jonathan, Targuin on ])roj)hets, i.
i. 155 ; Targum on Pentateuch, i.
i. 158 ; literature on both, i. i.
1 62 f.



Joppa, citv, II. i. 79-83 ;* i. i. 1.06,
244, 251, 253, 270, 277, 303, 306,
329, 381, 394, 404, 428 ; ortho-
graphy of name, ii. i. 80 ; har-
bour for Judea, II. i. 80; in Persian
age sul)ject to Sidonians, ii. i. 80 ;
Judaized by Maccabees, i. i. 253 ;
ir. i. 81 ; in time of Christ mainly
Jewish, II. i. 2, 82 ; not one of
eleven toj)archies of Judea, ii. i.
157 ; destruction during Jewish
war, and rebuilding by Vespasian,
II. i. 82 ; called also Flavia, ii. i.
82 ; coins, ii. i. 82 ; Andromeda
myth, and her worship there, ii.
i. 14 f. ; Jewish sepulchral in-
scription there, i. i. 32,

Jordan, its sources, i. ii. 14.

Jordan valley, called the "Great
Plain," I. ii. 89 ; also 6 ocvhuv, i.
i. 424, 425 ; cultivation of, see
Balsam, Date Palm.

Jos(- ben Joeser, ii. i. 180, 352, 357,
ii. 30.

Jose ben Jochanan, ii. i. 180, 352,
357.

Jose ha-Cohen, R., ii. i. 367, ii. 30,
44.

Jo.se the Galilean, R., i. i. 127 ; ii.
i. 378 ; his thirty-two rule.s, ii.
i. 348 ; sayings about the Suffering
Messiah, ii. ii. 185.

Jose ben Clialephta, R., quoted more
than 300 times in Mishna, i. i.
127 ; had seen Akiba, i. i. 128 ;
supposed author of Seder 01am,

I. i. 164.

Jose, son of R. Judah, R., i. i.
127.

Jot'eph, jiatriaich, sketch of his his-
tory, by Artai>anus, ii. iii. 206 ;
by Philo the e]>ic poet, II. iii.
223 ; by Philo the philo.'^opher,

II. iii. 342 ; see also Jubilee-s Tes-
tam. XII. I'atr., Jose]ihus ; his
wife Asenath, II. iii. 151 ; his
praver, apocryphal writing, ii.
iii. 127 f.

Joseph, ta.\ farmer in Palestine in
time of the Ptolemies, ii. i. 59.

Josej)h, Jewish general in times of
Maccabees, i. i. 221.

Joseph, grandfather of Josephus, I.
i. 81,



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



55



Joseph, brother of Herod, i. i. 390,

395.
Joseph, uncle and brother-in-law of

Herod, i. i. 402, 422.
Joseph, son of Ellein, high priest,

II. i. 198.
Joseph Caiaphas, high priest, ii. i.

182, 199.*
Joseph, son of Kamitlios, high priest,

II. i. 200.
Joseph Kabi, son of Simon, high

priest, II. i. 201.
Joseph of Ariniathea, ii. i. 172.
Joseph, son of Gorion, I. ii. 214, 228;

Hebrew historical work under his

name, l. i. 165.
Josephus, Flavins, Jewish historian,

I. i. 77, 110;* II. iii. 221 f.; life,

I. i. 77-81; ii. 214-223; family,

I. i. 81 f.
Works :

(1) Wars of the Jews, i. i. 82 f.;
written first in Hebrew or
Aramaic, i. i. 83 ; li. iii. 14 ;
the passage ii. 16. 4 makes
use of the official statistical
record, l. ii. 209.

(2) Antiquities, i. i. 84-90.

(3) Life, I. i. 90-92.

(4) Treatise against Apion, I. i.
93, 94.

(5) Spurious works, i. i. 94 ; ii.
iii. 246.

(6) Non-extantworks,i.i.94-97.
Sources of the Antiquities, I. i.

85-90,* 108, 109 ; * the Greek
Ezra, II. iii. 179 f. ; the Greek
rendering of the Book of Esther,
II. iii. 182 ; Epistle of Aristeas,
II. iii. 311 ; First Book of Macca-
bees, II. iii. 9 f. ; Posidonius
(indirectly), I. i. 49 ; Strabo, i.
i. 54 f., 87; Nicolas of Damascus,
I. i. 60, 87 ; Roman official docu-
ments, I. i. 89, 90, 109, 267, 277,
379, 388; ii. 168; ii. ii. 257;
Philo,ii. ii. 192; on the criticism
of his (besides I. i. 85-90), I. i.
319, 429 f.

Character and credibility, i. i. 97-
99.

Old translations and reproduc-
tions :

(a) Latin, i. i. 99-102.



(b) Syriac and Hebrew, i. i.
102.
^lanuscripts and editions of Greek

text, I. i. 102-105.
Modern translations and general
literature about Josephus, i. i.
105-110.
Particulars :

Messianic idea, ii. ii. 149.
Witness to Christ, i. ii. 143-

149.
On John the Baptist, i. ii. 23 f.
On James, brother of Jesus, i.

ii. 186-188.
Explanation of particularpassages:
Antiq. xii. 4, I. ii. 69 ; ii. i. 60 ;

xiv. 10. 2-10, I. i. 379; xx. 5.

2, I. ii. 170.
Wat's of the Jews, ii. 17. 6, ii. i.

363 ; iii. 3, ii. i. 2 ; vi. 5. 4,

II. ii. 149.
c. Apion, i. 8, ll. i. 308 ; ii. 8,

II. i. 219 ; ii. 39, ii. ii.

306.
Corrections of text :

Antiq. xi. 8. 5, I. ii. 213 ; xiii.

15. 3, I. i. 304 ; ii. i. 117 ;

xiii. 15. 4, II. i. 142 ; xiv. 1.

4, II. i. 142 ; xiv. 3. 2, I. i.

319 ; xiv. 3. 3, II. i. 116 ; xiv.

10, II. ii. 259 ; xiv. 10. 6, i.
i. 381, 382 ; xiv. 10. 20, comp.
Ephemeris epigi'ajjh. v. 68 :
Teciog Fxfinpioi Txiov vto; ;
xvii. 10. 6, II. i. 141 ; xviii.
2. 1, II. i. 138 ; xviii. 5. 1, I.
ii. 33; xx. 1. 1, ii. i. 121; xx.
9. 3, I. ii. 189.

Wars of the Jcxos, i. 6. 4, li. i.
116 ; ii. 18. 6 : Naarus to be
retained, see under Varus ;
iii. 1. 3, I. ii. 219 ; iii. 3. 3,

11. i. 129; iii. 9. 7, i. ii.
90 ; iv. 8. 2, i. ii. 90 ; v. 5.
7, II. i. 256; vi. 4. 3, i.
ii. 236; vii. 6. 6, i. ii. 253,
258. ■

Josephus Gorionides, i. i. 165.
Josephus, Christian writer, author

of Hypomnesticum, I. ii. 364 ; ll. i.

197.
Josippon, I. i. 165.
Joshua, see also Jesus.
Joshua (Jesus), son of Nun, as type



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



of Christ, n. iii. 286; grave at

Thamna, II. L 158.
Josliua, liiK^ priest in time of

Zerubbabul, I. i. 188.
.Fot^hua ben Peracbja, II. i. 180.
Joslma ben Ganila, see Jesus, son of

(Jamaliel.
Joshua ben Chananiah, R., ll. i.

370f.;» I. i 126, ii. 289; li. i.

367, 369, ii. 320.
Jotajiata, fortress, i. ii. 217, ,221-

223; situation, I. ii. 221.
Juba of Mauritania, i. ii. 40 ; year

of his death, i. ii. 41.
Jubilees, Book of, II. iii. 134-141 ;

contents, II. iii. 135 f.; standpoint,

II. iii. 136 ; date of composition,

II. iii. 138 f.; use in Christian

Church, II. iiL 139 f. ; Messianic

Hope in, il. ii. 145; astronomical

knowled



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 46 of 51)