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Lycia, Jews residing there, ii. ii.
221 ; add here the inscription from
Konykos, Revue des dudes juivcn,
X. 1885, p. 75 s(i.

Lydda, to B.C. 145 belonging to
Samaria, since then to Judea, i. i,
190, 191, 245 f. ; inhabitants sold
m slaves by Cassius, i. i. 386 ; by
order of Antony restored to free-
dom, I. i. 388 ; cajntal of a toi>-
archy, il. i. 157-159 ; besieged by
Vespasian, i. ii. 231 ; seat lif
Rabbinical school, II. i. .360 ;
residence of Elieser, ll, i. 372 ;
residence of Akiba, ii. i. 375 ;
(ZsvriouTr,; quidam in time of
Jerome) jmrple dveing, II. i. 42 ;
"plain" of, II. i. 252.

Lydia, Jews .Settled there "by Anti-
ochus the (Jreat, ll. ii. 226 ; see
also Thyatira, Sardis ; add also
the inscriptions from Ilypaepa and



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



61



Magnesia on Sipylus, Revue des

etudes juives, x. 1885, pp. 74-7G.
Lysauias, son of Ptolemy ]\Ienn;ius

of Chalcis, l. i. 344, 402 f., ii. 328,

331 ; coins, I. ii. 332.
Lvsanias of Abilene, i. ii. 153, 155,

"193, 335-339 ; inscriptions, I. ii.

335, 338 ; literature about him, i.

ii. 325, 338 f.
Lysias, city, I. i. 319, ii. i. 142.
Lysias, Quietus, see Lusius Quietus.
Lvsias, Syrian general, i. i. 214, 216,

'223-227.
Lysimaclius, writer about the Jews,

"ir. ii. 293, iii. 254.



M



Maaser sheni, Talinudic tract, i. 1.

121.
Maaseroth, Talmudic tract, l. i. 121.
Mabortha, subsequently called Nea-

polis, I. ii. 266.
Maccabee, meaning of the name, i.

i. 212 f. ; dynasty, see Asmo-

neans.
Maccabees, the scA-en martyrs, i. i.

209 ; as tliev appear in the sacred

legends, ii. lii. 213, 244-246.
Maccabees, First Book of, ii. iii.

6-13 ; title, ii. iii. 9 ; use by

.Tosephu.s, II. iii. 9 ; chronologv

of, I. 1. 36-46.
Maccabees, Second Book of, ii. iii.

211-216; chronology of, I. i.

36-46.
Maccabees, Third Book of, ii. iii.

216-219.
]Maccabees, Fourth Book of, ii. iii.

244-248 ; I. i. 94.
Maccabees, Fifth Book of ( = Jose-
. ]>hus, Wars of the Jexcs, vi.), I. i.

102.
Macedonians, name and j>rivileges

given to Jews of Alexandria, ii.

ii. 272.
Macedonia, Jews residing there, ll.

ii. 222.
Machiirus, fortress, i. 1. 372, 436, ii.

23, 25, 27, 54, 231, 250 ; situation

and history, i. ii. 250.
!Machshirin, Talmudic tract, I. i.

125.



Macro, see Naevius Sertorius Macro.

Magic, magical books, magical
formulae, n. iii. 151-155 ; expul-
sion of evil spirits by, in Book of
Tobit, II. iii. 38 ; cures by, among
the Essene.s, ii. ii. 204.

Maimonides, i. i. 218, ii. 372, ii. ii.
52.

Majuma Ascalonis, ii. i. 74.

Majuma Gazae, ii. i. 71.

Makkoth, Talmudic tract, l. i. 123.

Malalas, relation to John of An-
tioch, I. ii. 261, conip. also l. ii. 88.

Malatha, fortress, i. ii. 151.

Malchus = Imalkue, an Arabian, i.
i. 247, ii. 351.

Malchus = Cleodemus, writer, ii. iii.
97, 209.

Malchus*!., king of the Nabateans,
B.C. 50-28, I.' i. 344, 402, ii. 1,3,
355 f. ; war with Herod, i. i. 403,
426, ii. 355 ; inscriptions, i. ii.
355 f.

Malchus II., A.D. 48-71, i. ii. 13,
220, 359 f. ; inscriptions and
coins, I. ii. 360.

Malichus, i. i. 386.

Malthace, wife of Herod, i. i. 456.

Mambres = Jambres, II. iii. 149.

Mamortha = Mabortha, Neapolis, i.
ii. 266.

Manaem = Menachem.

Manasseh, prayer of, ii. iii. 188.

Manetho on the Jews, li. iii. 249-
251.

Map'pa, II. i. 45.

Marcellinus, see Lentulus.

Marcellus, pnocurator, i. ii. 81, 87.

Marcellus, governor of Syria, see
Publicius.

Marcheshvan, Hebrew month, i. ii.
363.

Marcius, C, Censorinus, i. i. 356.

Marcius, Q., Crispus, i. i. 337, 385.
I Marcius Philippus, governor of
Syria, i. i. 329, 372.

Marcius Turbo, governor of Egy2>t,
I I. ii. 282, 284.

j Marcus Aurelius on the Jews, ii. ii.
297 ; said to have had intercourse
with R. Judah ha-Nasi, i. i. 129.

Marcus, son of the Alabarch Alex-
ander, I. ii. 342.

Mariamrae, wife of Herod, grand-



G2



D. — NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



daufjhter of Ilvrcaims II., i. i.

390 f., 405, 420, 422, 429 ; her

childron, i. i. 455.
Marianiiiie, wife of Herod, dau^ditor

of tlie liij^di ])riest, I. i. 408, 455.
Maiiainme, wife of Arclielaus, i. ii.

41.
Mariamme, daughter of Agrippa I.,

I. ii. 165.
Mariamme, wife of Herod of Chalcis,

I. ii. 342.

Mariamme, tower on the palace of

Herod, I. ii. 211, 247.
Marion, tyrant of Tyre, i. i. 387.
Marionette."!, constructed by Antio-

chus Cyzicenos, i. i. 282.
Marissa, city in Iduiiiea, i. i. 221,

280.
Marna.';, Avorship of, in (.!aza, ii. i.

13 ; worship of, in the Hauran,

II. i. 23.

Marriage, marriage law, in !Mishna
in Second Seder, i. i. 122 f. ; by
Philo treated in connection with
the seventh commandment, ii. iii.
343, comp. also Josephus, Antiq.
iv. 8. 23 ff. ; polygamous, .cee
Polygamy ; duty of {debit urn tori),
11. ii. 211 ; dissolution of (see
Divorcement, letters of), ii. ii.
123 ; drinking water of jealousy
abolislied - by Jochanan ben
Sakkai, il. i. 367 ; laws for
])riests, II. i. 210-213 ; laws for
female jiroselyte.s, II. ii. 325 ; the
Essenes repudiate, II. ii. 200, 211.

Mars, lield of, in Rome, see Campus
Martins.

Marsus, see Vibius Marsus.

.Marsyas, ])lain of, see Massyas.

Martha, daughter of Boethos, II, 1.
201.

Martialis, see Ivammiup.

Martyrs, tlie Maccabean, see Macca-
bees ; in war of Bar-Cochba, i. ii.
312.

Marullus, procurator, i. ii. 81.

Mary, motlier of Jesus Christ,
whether of Levitical descent, II.
iii. 12(».

Mary of Beth-csob, i. ii. 241.

Masada, fortress, i. i. 390, 394, 436,
ii. 210, 241, 251 : situation and
history, i. i. 251.*



Massalians, ll. ii. 72.

Mas.«ora, beginnings of, ii. i. 328.

Massyas, pl.xin between Lebanon

and Anti-Lebanon, I. ii. 328.
Muter sjinayoiiae, II. ii. 252.
Mattathias, father of the Maccabees,

I. i. 209-212.
Mattathias, son of Simon the

Maccabee, i. i. 271.
Mattatliias = Antigonu.s, Mhich see.
Matthai, .see Nittai.
Matthia.-!, son of Theophilu.^, liigh

priest, B.C. 5-4, ii. i. 198.
Matthias, son of Ananos, high

l)riest about A.D. 42-43, il. i. 199.
Matthias, son of Theophilu.s, higli

priest about a.d. 65-66, ii. i.

201.
Matthias, son of Boethos, of tlie

high priestly family, il. i. 204 ; i.

ii. 233.
Mattliias, son of Margaloth, i. i.

416, 463.
Matthias, lather of Josephus and

two ancestors of same name, i. i.

77, 81.
Mauritania, Jews residing there, II.

ii. 232.
Maximus, see Junius ]\I. and Labe-

rius M.
Maximus Confessor, ii. iii. 326.
Meals, see Sacrificial Feasts.
Meat-offering.s, ii. i. 279, 285, 286 ;

gifts from these for priests, ii. i.

235, 241 ; dailv offered by higli

priest, II. i. 287-289, 292-294.
Mechilta, Midrash, I. i. 145-147, li.

i. 374.
Medaba, city on east of the Jordan,

I. i. 279.

Media, Jews residing there, li. ii.
223.

Median beer, ll. i. 42.

Mediator for the people in syna-
gogue service (Sheliach Zibbur),

II. ii. 67.

Megasthenes on India, ii. ii. 215.

Mcgilla, Talmudic tract, i. i. 122 ;
see also Esther.

Megillath Antiocliu.s, i. i. 165.

Megillath Taanith, i. i. 163 ; li. ii.
308.

Megilloth the five, ii. ii. 81 ; Mid-
rash on, 1. i. 147.



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



63



]\leila, Talmud ic tract, i. i. 125.

Meir, E., quoted more than 300
times in the Mishna, l. i. 127 ;
regarded by many as author of an
older Mishna, i. i. 131.

^leiron, synagogue theie, ii. ii. 71.

Meleager of Gadara, ii. i. 29, 103.

Melos, Jews residing there, ii. ii.
232.

Mementoes (phi/Iaderies, etc.), ii. ii.
111-116.

Memphis, ii. ii. 227, 286.

]\Iemra, doctrine of, in the Tar-
gums, II. iii. 376.

Menachem, Esseue of time of Herod,
II. ii. 205.

Menachem, contemporary of Hillel,
II. i. 180.

Menachem, a Zealot, i. ii. 81.

Menachoth, Talmudic tract, i, i.
124.

Menander, comic poet, sjiurious
verses, il. iii. 295, 301.

]\Ienelaus, high priest, I. i. 204, 226.

]\Ienippus of Gadara, ii. i. 29, 103.

Merchants, see Tiude.

Mesopotamia, Jews residing there,
II. ii. 22.3-225 ; rebellion there
under Trajan, i. ii. 286.

]\Iessalla, M. Corvinus, i. i. 346.

Messiah, ii. ii. 158-164 ; * name, li.
ii. 158 ; pre-existence, ii. ii. 161 ;
time and manner of liis appear-
ing, II. ii. 162-164 ; conquers the
hostile powei's, ii. ii. 165 f . ;
duration of his reign, li. ii. 175 f. ;
the suffering, ii. ii. 184—187 ; son
of Joseph and son of Ephraim, ii.
ii. 167, and Index vol. ; of Levi and
Judah, according to Testam. XII.
Patr. and Irenueus, ii. iii. 118,
120; Bar-Cochba as, i. i. 298,
299.

^Messianic Hope, ii. ii. 126-187.*
(1) Kelation to the older Messianic
hope, II. ii. 129-137.

{a) Universal, ii. ii. 1.30 f.
(6) Individual, ii. ii. 131 f.
(c) Transcendental, ii. ii.

132-134.
{d) Dogmatical, ii. ii. 134.
Strong hold of, on the mind of
the nation, ii. ii. 135 ; conip.
also undertaking of Theudas,



I. ii. 168 ; and that of the
Egyptian, i. ii. 180.

(2) Historical survey, ir. ii. 137-
154 ; Daniel, ii. ii. 137; Apo-
cryphal books, II. ii. 138 ;
Sibyllines, II. ii. 139, 143 ;
Enoch, II. ii. 141 ; Psalms of
Solomon, ll. ii. 142 ; Assumptio
Mosis, II. ii. 144 ; Book of
Jubilees, ii. ii. 145 ; Philo, ir.
ii. 146-149 ; Josephus, ii. ii.
149 ; after destruction of Jeru-
salem, I. ii. 277 f. ; Apocalypse
of Baruch, ii. ii. 150 ; Fourth
Book of Ezra, ii. ii. 151 ;
Shemoneh Esreh, ii. ii. 152 ;
Targums, ii. ii. 153.

(3) Systematic statement, II. ii.
154-187.

(«) The last tribulation and
perplexity, il. ii. 154 f.

(h) Elijah as tlie forerunner,
II. il. 156.

(c) Person of Messiah, time
and manner of His
appearing, ii. ii. 158-
164.

(d) Last attack of the hostile
powers, II. ii. 164.

(e) Destruction of the hostile
powers, II. ii. 165-168.

(/) Renovation of Jerusalem,

II. ii. 168.
((j) Gathering of the dis-
persed, II. ii. 169.
{li) The kingdom of glory in

Palestine, ii. ii. 170-177.
(j) Renovation of the world,

II. ii. 177-179.
(/c) The general resurrection,

II. ii. 179-181.
(l) The last judgment : eter-
nal life and eternal death,
II. ii. 181-183.
(m) Appendix : The Suffer-
ing Messiah, ii. ii. 184-
187.
Messina, Jews residing there, ii. ii.

242.
Mesusa, ii. i. 10, 112;* Talmudic

tract, I. i. 144.
Metellus, general under Pompey,

I. i. 328.
Metellus, Q., Scipio, i. i. 334, 376.



G4



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



^ri-fi.'nipsvchosis in Pliilo, ir. iii.

'.ill f. ; not held by Pharisees, ii.

ii. 13.
Metoikoi, ir. ii. 31').
Miton, astronomer, i. ii. 366.
^Ii-tro]iolis, f^^rooTToXii, as title of

Caesarea, li. i. 87 ; of Damascus,

II. i. 98 ; of (Tadara, ii. i. 103.
Mffnens religionis judaicae, II. ii.

314.
.Mi;i, villai,'e, ii. i. 121.
Michmash, district of country, i. i.

i'39.
Middoth, Talmudic tract, i. i. 125.
Midra.sh :

(1) Nature of this kind of com-
position, II. i. 330 f , 340 ;
rules for Halacliic Midrashim,
II. i. 336 f. ; kinds of Ha



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 47 of 51)