Emil Schürer.

A history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) online

. (page 50 of 51)
Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 50 of 51)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


I. i. 148.
Sophene, i. ii. 340.
Sopherim, Talmudic tract, i. i. 143.
Sophocles, spurious verses ascribed

to, II. iii. 298.
Sophraas, grandson of Hercules, li.

iii. 210.
Sophomias, see Zephaniah.
So]jhronius, Greek translator of
Jerome, as authority in Suidas,
see Suidas.
Soreg in the temple, i. i. 237.
SosiuP, C, I. i. 342, 395, 397, 398 ;
gives presents for offerings in the
temple of Jerusalem, ii. i. 305.
Sostratus, priest at Paphos, l. ii.

223.
Sosus of Ascalon, philosopher, il. i.

28.
Sota, Talmudic tract, i. i. 123.
Soul, see Psychology.
Sozusa, -whether identical with

Apollonia 1 ii. i. 83.
Spain, Jews residing there, ii. ii.
242 ; era of B.C. 38, i. ii. 116 ;
Kolias, fish from, ii. i. 43.
Sparta, diplomatic relations between
Jews and Simrtans, i. i. 250 ;
relations witli Herod, see Lace-
daemon ; Jews residing in, li. ii.
221 ; see also Peloponnesus.
Specularia, li. i. 45.
Speculatores as executioners, l. ii.

62.
Spinning, ii. i. 45.
Stadium, see Games.
Star, as symbol of the Messiah, i. il

298 299.
Statin's, L. Murcus, i. i. 336, 338,

385.
Stephanus, servant of the emperor,

I. ii. 172.

Stoical philosophy, its influence on
the Wisdom of Solomon, ii. iii.
233; on the 4th book of Maccabees,

II. iii. 245 ; on Philo, ii. iii. 364 ;



the Pharisees attached to, li. ii. 5,
15 ; Moses an adherent of, accord-
ing to Strabo, n. ii. 298 ; some
Egyptian priests attached to, li.
iii. 256.

Stola, II. 1. 44.

Strabo, his great historical work, i.
i. 54-56 ; made use of Posidonius,
I. i. 49 ; an authority of Josephus,

I. i. 87 ; his geography, i. i. 112 ;
on the date of its composition, see
literature on year of King Juba's
death, i. ii. 40 ; estimate of Moses
and Judaism, ii. ii. 298.

Straton, a king of Sidon, ii. i. 84.
Straton's Tower = Caesarea, I. i.

196, 306, 404, 428 ; li. i. 84 ; see

also Caesarea.
Siibsellium, II. i. 45.
Subura, district of city of Rome, il.

ii. 248.
Suetonius, life and works, i. i. 116 ;

on the Jewish edicts of Claudius,

II. ii. 236; refers Jewish Messianic
prophecies to Vespasian, ii. ii.
149.

Sufl"ering Messiah, ii, ii. 184-187.
Suidas on the imperial census of
Augustus, I. ii. 116 ; biographical
articles made up from Jerome, i.
i. 68, ii. 187; ii. iii. 246, 261,
323, 336, 342 ; further details on
this point in Flach, Bhein. Mus.,
Bd. 36, 1881, pp. 624-630 ; copies
also from John of Antioch, i. ii.
88 261

Sukka, Talmudic tract, i. i. 122.

Sulla, officer of Agrippa II. , i. ii.
200.

Sulpicius, P. Quirinius, i. i. 351-
354, 356, ii. 80, 138 ; ll. i. 198 ;
inscriptions, I. i. 354, 357, ii. 138;
census under, i. i. 357, ii. 80, 105-
143; census not confined to Judea,
I. ii. 123 ; literature on the census,
I. il. 105.

Sulpicius Severus on the history of
the Seleucidae, i. i. 169 ; on the
burning of the temple, I. ii. 245.

Sun, in what sense worshipped by
Essenes, ii. ii. 203, 213, 217.

Sun-god, see Helius.

Swine flesh, why forbidden to be
eaten by Jews (Tacitus, Plutarch,



84



D. — NAMES AXD SUBJECTS.



Juvenal), 11. ii. 294, 29") ; coTiip.
iii. 269 ; prohibition vindicati-il
by Philo and Aristeas, ir. iii. 269,
270 ; Jews compelled to eat flesli
of, I. ii. 94 ; fi;^'ure of, on south
f^ate of Aelia, and on a coin of
lOth legion, i. ii. 316.

Surena, Parthian general, i. i. 332.

Suron, king of Phoenicia (= Hiram),
II. iii. 204.

Sii.'^anna and Daniel, ii. iii. 183-
188.

Siisitha, city, see Hippiis.

Svllaeiis, Arabian, i. i. 444, 459, ii.
' 356, 357.

Symeon, see Simon.

Synagogue, the Great (or the Great
Congregation), ii. i. 354.

Synagogues, ii. ii. 52-89 ; * purpose :
instruction in the law, ii. ii. 54 ;
antiquity, II. ii. 54.

(1) Constitution of synagogue
communities, ii. ii. 55-68 ; ban :
exclusion from congregation, ii.
ii. 60-62 ; ofticers (Archisyna-
gogue, dispenser of alms, ser-
vants), II. ii. 62-68 ; olhcers in
the Di.spersion, ii. ii. 243-252.

(2) Buildings and their arrange-
ments, II. ii. 68-75, 283 ; old
synagogues in Galilee, ii. ii. 70 ;
entrance at the south end, ii.
ii. 78 ; were under civil pro-
tection, II. ii. 268 ; I. ii. 75.

(3) Divine service in, ii. ii. 75-83 ;
see also Scriptures, reading ;
order of sitting, ii. ii. 75 ; ser-
vices in the Disjjcrsion, ii. ii.
283-286 ; whether service in
the Greek language, ii. ii.
283 f.

(4) Synagogues of Libertines,
Cyreiiians, Alexandrians, Cili-
cians, Asiatics in Jerusalem, ii.
i. 49, ii. 56 ; 480 said to be in
Jerusalem, ii. ii. 50, 73 ; syna-
gogues in Rome, li. ii. 247, 260,
283 ; synagogue of Samaritans
at Rome, ii. ii. 241.

Syiicellus' notices of Jewish history
which are not derived from
.losephus, I. i. 68. See Africanus.

Syncretism of Jews in time of
Antiochus Plpiphanes, i. i. l'02 ;



of Artapanus, Cleodemus, and
Theodotus, ii. iii. 206, 209, 224 ;
of the Sibyllines, ii. iii. 276 ft'.; of
Egyptian Jews in time of Hadrian,
II. ii. 230 ; comp. also the two
inscriptions on the temple of Pan
at Apollonopolis Magna (Edfu), i.
i. 32, note.

Synedria, see Law Administration.

Svracus, Jewish inscription there,
■^11. ii. 242.

Syria, coins and inscriptions from,
literature on, i. i. 23-34 ; history
of, in time of Seleucidae, i. i. 169-
185 ; history of, as Roman pro-
vince, I. i. 326-370 ; garrison
arrangements (under Augustus,
three legions, under Tiberius,
four, were stationed there), I. ii.
50 ; Jews in, II. ii. 225 ; see also
Antioch.

Syrian religions in Rome, ii. ii.
302.

2i/p('«f axoii>ofiiTpr,ai;, I. i. 75.



Taanith, Talmudic tract, i. i. 122.

Tabae, city, I. i. 222.

Tabernacles, feast of, i. i. 300 ; read-
ing Deuteronomy at, during
Sabbatical year, i. ii. 157.

Tabi, slave of (Jamaliel, I. ii. 269,
271 ; II. i. 364.

Tabor (Itabyrion), mountain and
fortress, i. ii. 215, 225.

Tabula, II. i. 45.

Tacitus, life and works, i. i. 115,
116 ; on the Jews, ii. ii. 293-297,
iii. 262 ; refers Messianic pro-
phecies of Jews to Vespasian, il.
ii. 149.

Tallith, II. ii. 112.

Talmud, Jerusalem, i. i. 133 ; Baby-
lonian, I. i. 134 ; editions and
translations of both Talmuds, i. i.
136-139; literature on the, l. i.
139-143; see also Mishna.

Tamid, Talmudic tract, i. i. 125 ;
see also Offering, daily.

Tammus, see Thammuz.

Tamna, see Thamna.

Tanchuma, Midrash, i. i. 152.



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



85



Tannaim, Tannaites, I. i. 131.

Tanning, ii. i. 45.

Targiims, oral discourses at divine
service, ll. ii. 81 ; written, I. i.
154-163;* of Onkelos, i. i. 154,
156 ; Jonathan on prophets, i. i.
155, 156 ; Jonathan on Penta-
teuch and the Jerusalem Targuni,
I. i. 158-160; literature on the,

I. i. 160-163 ; Messianic Hope, ii.
ii. 153 ; doctrine of Memra, ii.
iii. 376.

Tarichea, city, i. ii. 194, 199, 215,

217, 224 f. ; situation, i. ii. 224 f.;

hippodrome there, ii. i. 33 ; fish

trade, ii. i. 43.
Tarphon, R, i. i. 127; ii. 1. 376;

identified wdth Justin's Trypho,

II. i. 377, ii. 186.
Tarsus, see Cilicia.

Tatian on the age of Moses, ii. iii.

260.
Taxes in Palestine, I. ii. 66-71 ;
range of taxation district, i. ii. 67 ;
farming of, I. ii. 67-70 ; table of,
at Palmyra, i. ii. 67.
Tax-gatherers chased with robbers,

I. ii. 71.
Taxo in the Assumptio Mosis, ii. iii.

77.
Teachers, reverence shown to, ii. i.

315.
Tebeth, Hebrew month, i. ii. 363.
Tebul Jom, Talmudic tract, i. i.

125.
Tefilla, Tefillin, see Tephilla, Te-

phillin.
Tell Hum, see Capernaum.
Temples, heathen, in Palestine, li.

i. 11-23; I. i. 434.
Temple at Jerusalem, literature on
the Herodian temple, and the
ruins of it still remaining, i. i.
17-20, 437 f.

(1) On its history : Descriptionin
Eupolemus of building of Solo-
mon's temple, ii. iii. 204 ;
plundering of, bj'- Antiochus
Epiphanes, i. i. 205 ; desecrated
by pagan sacrifices in time of
Antiochus Epiphanes, i. i. 208 ;
reconsecration, i. i. 217; re-
building by Herod, i. i. 437 ;
burning of some corridors in



B.C. 4, I. ii. 4 ; elevated about
20 cubits under Agrippa II., i.
ii. 198 ; siege and destruction
of, in A.D. 70, I. ii. 243, 244 ;
whether again built in time of
Hadrian? i. ii. 289-291, 302 ;
its site said to have been run
over with the plough, l. ii. 308;
a heathen temple built on its
site by Hadrian, i. ii. 316 ;
whether there will be a temple
in the Messianic kingdom, ii.
ii. 174.

(2) On its topography, i. i. 236 f.,
ii. 242 ; ll. i. 265, 280-284 ; »
Greek style prevailing (except
in the temple proper), ii. i. 35 ;
the golden vine, ii. ii. 292 f. ;
golden eagle, i. i. 444, 463 ; il.
i. 36 ; golden chains, i. ii. 155 ;
King Agrippa gives golden
chain to hang in temple, i. ii.
155 ; Lishkath hagasith, ii. i.
190-194.

(3) Furniture of temple, ii. i. 260;
gifts of heathens consecrated to
temple, li. i. 301.

Temple at Leontopolis, ii. ii. 286-
288 ; I. ii.- 253.

Temple, gifts and dues paid to, ii. i.
249-254.

Temple, officers and servants in,
II. i. 254-273 ; see also Priests,
Levites, Singers,' Doorkeepers,
Nethinim.

Temple, visits paid to, by people,
the usual times when, ii. i. 290.

Temple, worship in, ii. i. 273-299.

Temple, captain of, ii. i. 257-259.

Temple music, ii. i. 270 f., 290.

Temple police, ii. i. 264-268 ; gates
shut at night, ii. i. 267 ; inner
court not to be entered by Gen-
tiles, even by Romans, ii. i. 188,
265 ; I. i. 237, ii. 74 ; oversight
by civil authorities, i. ii. 75 ;
Roman watch at temple during
high festivals, i. ii. 55 f., 171.

Temple, treasures of, and their
administration, ii. i. 260-264 ;
oversight of these by civil autho-
rities, I. ii. 75.

Temple, feast of Dedication of the,
I. i. 217 ; letters regarding this



86



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



feast in Second Book of Macca-
bees, ir. iii. 213.
Temura, Talniiulic tract, I. i. 124.
Ten men as least numlier to form

a religious community, ii. ii. 73 ;

unemployed, in the synago^al

communities, ii. ii. 67 ; the oix,a,

vpuTot, II. i. 145, 179.
Ten cities, see Decapolis.
Tephilla (see also Shemoneh Esreli).
Tei)hillin, II. i. 10, ii. 113,' 284 ;

Talmudic tract, i. i. 144.
Tephon, place so called, i. i. 23G.
Terebinth at Hebron, i. ii. 314.
Terentius Varro, I. i. 348.
Termessus in Pisidia, i. ii. G7.
Teron, a soldier, i. i. 461.
Tertullian ad nat. i. 13. exjdaineil,

II. ii. 306.
Teruma for the priests, il. i. 238,

248.
Terumoth, Talmudic tract, i. i. 121.
Testament, the ral)])inical ''PTIH, H-

i. 32 ; Philo -Tnpi oictdrtx-uv, II. iii.

337, 357.

Apocryplial writings :

(1) testament of Moses, ii.
iii. 81.

(2) Testament of Orpheus,
II. iii. 299.

(3) Testaments of the Twelve
Patriarchs, ii. iii. 114-124 ;
contents, ii. iii. 114 ; dis-
crimination of sources, ii.
iii. 114-120 ; date of com-
position, II. iii. 122 ; use
in Christian Church, ii.
iii. 122 ; MSS. editions
and literature, ii. iii. 123,
124.

(4) Testament of Solomon,
II. iii. 153.

Tetrarch, title, i. ii. 7, 8.

Teucer Cyzicenus on the Jews, i. i.
73.

Text of Old Testament, see Massora.

Thallus, a Samaiitan, freedman of
Tiberius, ii. ii. 241.

Thammuz, Hebrew month, i. ii.
363.

Thamna, district of country, situa-
tion, II. i. 158, 159 ; inhabitants
Rold by Cassius as slaves, i. i.
386 ; by order of Antony they



are released, i. i. 388 ; capital of
a toparchy, ii. i. 157 ; another
place of the same name, i. i. 236 ;
II. i. 158.

Theandrites, Arabian deity, li. i. 22.

Theatre, see Games.

Theatres, remains of ancient : at
Caesarea, li. i. 26 ; at Gadara,
Kamatha, Scythopolis, ii. i. 27 ;
at Gerasa, Philadelphia, ii. i. 28 ;
at Jerusalem (probably of time of
Herod), i. i. 432, 433.

Theodoric (king) on the Samaritans
in Rome, ii. ii. 241.

Theodorus, tyrant of Amathus, ii.
i. 60.

Theodorus of Gadara, rhetorician,
II. i. 29, 103.

Theodotion, translator of the Bible,
11. iii. 168, 172-175.

Theodotus, Epic poet, ii. iii. 224,
225.

Tlieophilus, son of Ananos, high
jiriest, II. i. 199.

Tlieophilus, writer (on Jewish his-
tory), I. i. 75.

Tlieophilus, Christian apologist,
cites the Sibyllines, ii. iii. 289.

Therapeuten, ii. ii. 218, iii. 358.

Theseus, on a tripod at Neapolis, i.
ii. 267.

Thessalonica, " God-fearing " Gen-
tiles there, II. ii. 308.

Thessaly divided into four te-
trarchies, i. ii. 7 ; Jews residing
there, ii. ii. 222.

Theudas, i. ii. 168.

Theuprosopon (0soy TpoauTrov), city,
I. ii. 330.

Thimna, see Thamna.

Thracians in the army of Herod, i.
ii. 447 ; ala I. TImtrum, cohors I.
et IL Thracuvi in Palestine, i. ii.
56.

Thyatira, sanctuary of Sambethe
there, ii. ii. 69 ; see also Lydia.

Tiberianus, governor of Palestine, I.
ii. 261.

Tiberias, citv, ii. i. 14.3-147 ;* i. ii.
19, 20, 101, 194, 199 f. ; era, II. i.
144 ; coins, II. i. 144, 146 ; con-
stitution, II. i. 145 ; capital of
Galilee, ii. i. 146, 156; attitude
and fortunes during war of a.d.



I). NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



87



66-70, I. ii. 215 f., 218, 224 ; ii.
i. 146 f. ; see also Justus of Ti-
berias ; seat of Rabbinical school,
II. i. 147 ; buildings, i. ii. 20 ;
palace witli animal figures, I. ii.
20 ; II. i. 36 ; stadium, l. ii. 20,
34 ; no heathen tem])le till a.d.
70, II. i. 21 ; Hadrian's temple, i.
ii. 296 ; baths at, ii. i. 143.
Tiberius, Emperor, period of reign,

I. i. 358 ; stay at Capri, i. ii. 152 ;
principles of his administration
of the provinces, i. ii. 82 ; and
Livia as ^e/ioiaroi, I. ii. 338 ; for-
bids Oriental religions in Rome,

II. ii. 302 ; edict against the Jews,
II. ii. 235 ; milder toward Jews
after death of Sejanus, i. ii. 21,
86 ; II. ii. 236 ; his freedman,
Thallus the Samaritan, ii. ii. 241.

Tiberius, Palestinian coins of, i. ii.
78 ; Palestine his private estate,
II. i. 63.
Tiberius, grandson of emperor, I. ii.

93, 152.
Tiberius, Julius Alexander, in time

of Trajan, i. ii. 170.
Tiberius, Julius Alexander, in time
of Claudius, Nero, and Vespasian,
I. ii. 169, 170, 236 ; ii. ii. 281 ;
see also Alexander.
Tiberius, Julius Alexander, in time
of Antoninus Pius, i. ii. 170 ; ii.
ii. 229.
Tibne, see Thamna.
Tigranes, king of Armenia, i. i. 182,

183, 311, 317.
Timagenes, historian, i. i. 50, 51.
Time, reckoning of, see Era, Calen-
dar, Chronology.
Times, history of N. T., i. i. 1.
Timochares, writer, i. i. 75.
Timotheus, leader of the Ammonites,

I. i. 190, 220.

Tineius, Rufus, governor of Judea.,

I. ii. 262 f., 302 - 305 ; Jewish

legends about him, i. ii. 305, 308.

Tirathana, district of country at

Gerizim, i. ii. 87.
Tiridates, king of the Parthians, I.

ii. 34.
Tishri, see Tizri.

Tithes, II. i. 233, 239 ; second, ii. i.
234, 240 ; of cattle, it. i. 240 ; for



the poor, li. i. 241 ; administra-
tion of, centralized in Jerusalem,
II. i. 248 ; high priests appropriate
the, I. ii. 181, 189.
Titius, M., I. i. 350.
Tittius, Frugi, commander of 15th
legion in army of Titus, i. ii. 236.
Titus, son of Vespasian, literature
about, I. ii. 234, 245 ; his part in
the Jewish war, i. ii. 201, 219-
227, 235-250 ; council of war be-
fore destruction of temple, l. ii.
243 ; title of Imperator, i. ii. 244 ;
triumphal arch at Rome, i. ii.
249 ; medals celebrating victory
over Jews, I. ii. 249 ; comp. 225 ;
on coins of Agrippa, called Ss/Sao-
t6; during his father's lifetime, i.
ii. 205 ; relations with Berenice,
I. ii. 203, 204.
Tizri, Hebrew month, I. ii. 363.
Tobia ben Elieser, i. i. 151.
Tobit, Book of, ii. iii. 37-44 ; date
of composition, il. iii. 39 ; language
in which written, li. iii. 40 ; use
by the Jews, ii. iii. 41 ; Messianic
Hope, II. ii. 139.
Tohoroth, Talmudic tract, i. i. 125.
Toleration of Romans toward Juda-
ism, I. ii. 75 ff. ; li. ii. 257 ff.,
271 ff.
Toparchies, eleven, in Judea, ii. i.

157-161.
Tosaphoth, I. l. 131, note.
Tosefta, i. i. 130-133 ; literature

about, I. i. 130 f.
Tower of Babel in Sibyllines and
Alexander Polvhistor, ii. iii. 199,
282, 288.
Trachon, Trachonitis, district of
country, l. i. 409, 453, 459, ii.
10 f., i2 ; mixed population of,
II. i. 2, 4 ; heathen religions in,
II. i. 21-23 ; Greek inscriptions,
I. i. 29-31.
Tracts, the smaller Talmudic, i. i.

143, 144.
Trade in Palestine, ii. i. 37-46 ; of
Gaza with Athens, ii. i. 68 ; of
Ake with Athens, ii. i. 90 ; I. i.
196 ; of Palestine with Gaul, ii.
i. 109 ; see also Ascalon, Athens,
Delos, Gaza, Ptolemais, Puteoli ;
Indian, with the West, il. ii. 216.



88



D. — NAMES AND SUrJECTS.



Trades, Jewish scribes learning, il.
i. 215.

Trade winds, I. ii. 95.

Tradition, Rabbinical, and Pharisaic,
see Halacha, Haggada, Pharisees,
Scribes ; of the Halacha bind-
ing, II. i. 333 f., ii. 11 ; of the
Haggada not binding, ii. i. 348,
ii. 129 ; traditiones = ZtVTiouait;,
I. i. 119.

Trajan, Emperor, war against Jews,

I. ii. 282-287 ; day of, in Jewish
legends, i. ii. 286 ; makes Arabia
a Jewish province, i. ii. 361 ;
rescript to Tiberianus in favour
of Christians, i. ii. 261 ; search for
descendants of David, i. ii. 279.

Translations of the Holy Scriptures

used in public worship, ii. ii. 81 ;

written, of the Bible, see Sejjtua-

gint, Targunis.
Treasurers and administration of

funds in temple, ii. i. 261-264.
Treasury of the temple, li. i. 260.
Trespass -offering, ii. i. 279 ; gifts

tlierefroni for the priests, ii. i.

232, 235.
Tribes, the twelve, regarded as still

existing in Epistle of Aristeas,

II. iii. 307 ; the ten did not re-
turn, II. ii. 223 ; dwelling-plare
of the ten, ii. ii. 225 ; whether
they will yet return, ii. ii. 169,
170 ; of Levi and Judah have the
lule : the latter subject to the
former according to Testam. XII.
Fatr., II. iii. 118 f.

Tripolis, i. i. 226, 437.

'I'riumphal arch of Titus, I. ii. 249.

Trogus, Poiiipeius, see Justin.

Trombones blown in temple on New
Year's day, ii. ii. 75.

Troops, see Military Service.

Trumpets blown in temjde at feasts,
etc., ir. i. 272, 290, 296, ii. 75.

Tryplio, see Diodotus.

Trypho in Justin identified with R.
Tarphon, ii. i. 377, ii. 186 ; say-
ings about the Suffering Messiah,
II. ii. 185.

Turannus, Rufus, see Tineius.

Turbo, see Marcius Turbo.

Twelve patriarchs, Testaments of
the, see Testaments.



Twelve tribes of Israel regarded by
Aristeas as existing, ii. iii. 307.

Twelve wells of water at Elim, ii.
iii. 227.

Tyche, worship of, in Gaza, n. i.
12 ; in Ptolemais, ii. 1. 18 ; in
Damascus, ii. i. 19 ; in the
Hauran, il. i. 23 ; rvxm Tipiauv,
II. i. 20 ; Tvx,y> /X«36X(J'«raetor, i. i. 267.
Valerius Gratus, procuratoi', I. ii.

81 ; appoints and deposes high

priests, ii. i. 198.
Valerius Maximus on the Jews, ll.

ii. 233.



D. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



89



Varro, governor of Syria, I. i. 348.

Varro on the Sibyllines, ii. iii. 273;
the era of, a.U.c. 1, i. ii. 393 ff.

Varus, see Quinctilius Varus.

Varus or Noarus, son of Soemus,
ruler in Lebanon, i. ii. 193, 200,
340. (He is called Varus : Jose-
jthus, fVars of the Jev.s, ii. 12. 8 ;
Life xi., xxxvi. ; Noarus : JFars of
the Jews, ii. 18. 6. On the latter
name see Corpus. Inscr. Graec.
n. 4595, 8652 ; Renan, Mission de
PMnicie, pp. 146, 199.)

Vectigalia araharthiae in Egypt
farmed out to Jews, il. ii. 280.

Vejento, I. i. 334.

Velum, II. i. 45.

Venosa (Venusia), Jewish sepulchres
and inscriptions there, i, i. 33 ;
II. ii. 242, 249, 251, 269,

Ventidius, P., i. i. 341.

Ventidius Cumanus, procurator, I.
ii. 75, 171-174.

Venus, see Aphrodite.

Vespasian, Emperor, i. i. 79, 90, ii.
200, 218-227, 230-234 ; coins of,
in memory of victory over Jews,
I. ii. 250, also 226 ; his memoirs,
I. i. 63 ; searches for descendants
of David, l. ii. 279 ; Josephus
applies Messianic prophecies to
him, II. ii. 149.

Vesuvius, outburst of, referred to by
Sibyllines, li. iii. 285.

Vettulenus Cerialis, see Cerealis.

Vetus, see Antistius Vetus.

Vibius, C. Marsus, governor of Syria,

I. i. 366, ii. 159, 342.

Victims, sacrificial, what pieces
given to the priests, i. ii. 272 ; ii.
i. 244 f.

Vimis Judaeorum, li. ii. 287.

Vine, golden, in temple, ii. ii. 292 ;
golden, presented by Aristobulus

II. to Pompey, i. i. 318 ; synagogue
of the, at Sepphoris, ii. ii. 74. "

Vineyard at Jamnia as gathering
]>lace of Jewish scholars, ii. i.
326.

Vienne in Gaul, i. ii. 42.

Vitellius, L., governor of Syria, i. i.
364 f., ii. 33-35, 48, 87, 90 (also
commented on in Philo, Legal, ad
Caium, § 32) ; time of his two



visits to Jerusalem, I. ii. 88, 89 ;
abolishes the market toll in Jeru-
salem, I. ii. 68 ; appoints high
priests, ll. i. 199 ; orders the
surrender of the high priests'
robes, i. ii. 76, 89 ; restrains troops
with imperial figures marching
through Judea, i. ii. 77 f., 89;
sacrifices in Jerusalem, i. ii. 75 ;
II. i. 302.

Vitellius, Emperor, i. i. 370, ii. 233,
376.

Volumnius, i. i. 350.

Volumni Synacjocja in Rome, ii. ii.
247.

Volusius, L. Saturninus, governor of
Syria, i. i. 357.



W

Watch stations in the temple, ii. 1.
265-267.

Wajjikra, see Vajjikra.

Wasajathu, see Uasaiathu.

Washings, Levitical, what water
used in, ii. ii. 106-111; of
officiating priests, ii. i. 278, 292,
iii. 116 ; of the Essenes, ii. ii. 199,
211 ; of proselytes, ii. ii. 319-
324.

Water, what, used in Levitical
washing, ii. i. 292, 298.

Weapons, carrying of, forbidden on
Sabbath, ii. ii. 105, 264.

Weaver's loom, ii. i. 45.

Week, public worship on second and
fifth days of, ii. ii. 83 ; on same
days court of justice sat, ii. i. 190;
on same days a fast was observed,
II. ii. 118.

AVeeks, feast of, ii. ii. 37.

Will, freedom of the, see Providence.

Wine, a chief product of Palestine,
especially for Ascalon and Gaza,
II. i. 41 ; gifts thereof to the
priests, ii. i. 238 ; use of, for-
bidden to officiating priests, ii. i.
278 ; alleged prohibition of use
of, by Essenes, ii. ii. 201 ; heathen,
forbidden to Jews, ll. i. 53 ; Philo'a
writing on the cultivation of vine
and drunkenness, ii. iii. 335.

Wisdom, personification of, ii. iii-



90



p. NAMES AND SUBJECTS.



232 ; book of, II. iii. 230 tF. ; see
Solomon.

AVool, gifts of, to priests, ii. i. 24.j ;
not mixed with linen except in
dress of liigli priest, ii. i. 277 ;
manufactures in Judea, ii. i. 42 ;
in Laodicea in Phrygia, ii. i. 45.

"World, present and future, ll. ii.
177 f. ; present, to last 6000 years,
II. ii. 163 ; another calculation in
Book of Enoch, ii. iii. 58; destruc-
tion of, by fire, according to
Sibylline.*, Hy,stas])es, and Justin,
II. iii. 285, 294 ; according to
pseudo-Sophocles, II. iii. 301 ;
map of, by Agrippa, i. ii. 117.

Worship in temple of Jerusalem, see
Priests ; in synagogues, see Syna-
gogues ; of emperor, i. ii. 77, 83 ;
of heathen gods in Palestine, ii. i.
11-23 ; of Oriental deities in the
West, 11. ii. 302.

"Writing, knowledge of art of, ii. ii.
47 ; on Sabbath forbidden, II. ii.
98.



Xanthicus, see Llonths, i. ii. 3G3.
Xystos in Jerusalem, ii. i. 19.



Zabadeans, an Arabian tribe, I. i.

251.
Zabdiel, an Arabian, i. ii. 351.
Zabelus = Zabdiel.
Zabelus, name of supposed Arabian

king, see Kabel.
Zabinas, see Alexander.
Zacharias, son of Baruch, i. ii. 229 f.
Zaddan, Queen, li. ii. 311.
Zadduk, K., i. i. 126 ; ii. ii. 3G7.



Zadok = Sadduk, ii. ii. 31.

Zadok, a family of priests, ii. i. 223,

225, ii. 33 ; see also Sadducees.
Zadok, pupil of Antigonas of Socho,

II. ii, 32.
Zadok, E., see Zadduk.
Zamaris, Babylonian Jew, i. ii. 13 ;

his grandson Philip, i. ii. 211.
Zealot, the author of the Assiimj)tio

Mods a, II. iii. 80.
Zealots, the party of, i. ii. 80 f.,*

177, 229.
Zebaoth as name of God, ii. ii. 234.



Online LibraryEmil SchürerA history of the Jewish people in the time of Jesus Christ .. (Volume 2 pt.3) → online text (page 50 of 51)