Emilie Poulsson.

In the child's world; morning talks and stories for kindergartens, primary schools and homes online

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"O Apple! Come down to me." (See Page 7.)




Kindergartens, Primary Schools and Homes

Author of "Nursery Finger Plays"

Illustrations by l. J. Bridgman


Milton Bradley Company




\ \


Springfield, Mass.


CLARK W. BRYAN CO., Printers


The contributors to this volume have been so cordially helpful, that
it gives me pleasure to record here my sincere thanks and appreciation.
For kind permission to use stories and poems specified elsewhere in
the book, grateful acknowledgments are also rendered to the following
publishers: —

Houghton, Mifflin ife Co.. Boston; The Century Co., Xew York;
Youth's Companion, Boston; D. C. Heath & Co., Boston; Henry Holt &
Co., Xew York; Harper Brothers, New York; The Kindergarten Pub-
lishing Co., Chicago; The Educational Publishing Co., Boston; The
Charles Foster Publishing Co.. Philadelphia; The University Publish-
ing Co., New York; The Sunday School Association, London.

Emilie Poui.sson.


Fruits ^

The Sleeping Apple, From the German.
Wait and see, Josephine Jarvis.

Birds in Autumn 11

Lisa and the Birds, E. P.

The Crane Express, Holmes^ Third Reader.

Bird Thoughts.

Wood 17

The Logging Camp, Josephine Jarvis.
The Honest Woodman, Retold by E. P.

The Carpenter 25

Little Deeds of Kindness, E. P.
An Old-fashioned Rhyme, E. P.

The Clock • 33

What the Clock Told Dolly, Minnie G. Clark.
The Discontented Pendulum, Jane Taylor.

Autumn '^5

The Baby Buds' Winter Clothes, Josephine Jarvis.
An Autumn Song, E. P.
The Kind Old Oak, ''Little Flower Folks."
The Chestnut Boys, Helen Towne.

Seeds . 51

Five Peas in a Pod, Hans Christian Andersen.

Psyche's Task, F. H.

Apple-Seed John, Lydia Maria Child.

The Wind > - 62

How West Wind Helped Dandelion, E. P.

The Dandelion Cycle, E. P.

Odysseus and the Bag of Winds, F. H.

North Wind at Play, From the German, as toldby Harriet Ryan.


9. The Pigeons 73

The Fantail Pigeon, Mary Dendy.
Pearl and Her Pigeons, Helen Keller.
The Constant Dove, Celia Thaxter.
The Dove and the Ant, ^sop.
A True Pigeon Story, M. P.

10. The Bakek 82

The Jolinny Cake.
The China Rabbit Family, E. P.
Teddy's Birthday Cake, E. P.
Nero at the Bakery, E. P.

11. Thanksgiving Day 90

A Boston Thanksgiving Story, E. P.
How Patty Gave Thanks, E. P.

12. Winter .98

The Thrifty Squirrels, Mary Dendy.
Jack Frost and His Work, E. P.

13. The Floweh Basket, or Loving and Giving . . , 106

Little Servants, Sidney Dayre.
Extract from the Dream of Little Christel,
The Wake Up Story, Eudora Bumstead.
The Go Sleep Story, Eudora Bumatead.

l\. ClIlilSTMAS 117

Christmas in the Barn, Frances Arnstein.
Santa Claus and the Mouse, E. P.
The Birds' Christmas, F. E. Mann.
Piccola, Celia Thaxter.

1.5. The New Year 131

An AU-the-Year-Round Story, E. P.
The Fairy's New Year Gift, E. P.

16. The Cat 140

My Jet, M. V. GilLin.

A Kitten Rhyme, E. P.

Spotty' s Family, Josephine Jarvis.

17. The Horse 148

A Wise Old Horse, " Nursery Stories.^'

Pegasus, F. H.

The Horse that Fed His Friend, " St. Nicholas.''

18. The Cow I.57

The Story the Milk Told Me, Gertrude H. Noye^.


The Cow that Lost Her Tail, E. Knatchbull-Hugessen.
Lord Cornwallis' Knee-buckles, Holmes^ Third Reader.

19. The Dog 174

How Frisk Came Home, '^Nursery Stories.'^
Cleverness of a Sheep Dog, " Little Folks.^'
The Dog and the Kitten.
A True Story of a Dog.

20. The Cobbler 181

Goody Two Shoes, Retold by E. P.

Seeing Shoes Made, Josephine Jarvis.

The Cobbler and the Children, Josephine Jarvis.

21. St. Valentine's Day 191

Philip's Valentine, E. P.

22. Washington's Birthday 197

23. The Blacksmith 201

Nahum Prince, E. E. Hale.
Vulcan, the Mighty Smith, F. H.

24. The Miner 209

Suggestions, A Kindergartner.
The Golden Touch, E. P.
Coal, Helen Keller.

25. Water, I 216

To Whom shall We Give Thanks?

Snowflakes, Josephine Jarvis.

The Immortal Fountain, Lydia Maria Child.

26. Water, II 227

Stony and Rocky, Annie E. Allen.

The Little Hero of Haarlem.

Do What You Can.

Neptune, F. H.

The Brook and the Water Wheel, Charles Foster.

27. Fishes 239

The Minnow's Adventure, E. P.
Mr. Stickleback, E. P.

28. Trees 253

The Four Apple Trees, E. P.

The Story of Echo, F. H.

The Tree, B. Bjornsen.

The Maple Tree's Surprise, F. E. Mann.

Pussy Willow, Kate L. Broxon.


29. Spring 263

Spring and Her Helpers, E. P.

The Meeting of the Winds, Charles Foster.

The Little Worm that was Glad to be Alive, Elizabeth Peabody.

A Surprise, Sue Clark Kimball.

30. Friedbich FRffiBEL 276

Song for Frffibel's Birthday, E. P.

31. Birds 282

Jack and Jenny Sparrow, Charles Foster.
Little Yellow-wing.
Child and Bird, William Allingham.
The Sandpipei-s, Josephine Jarvis.

32. Birds' Nests , . . 292

The Scarecrow, Celia Thaxter.
The Nest of Many Colors, E. P.
The Sparrow's Nest, Mary Howitt.

33. The Butterfly , , , . 302

Some Common Butterflies.

A Lesson on Faith, iLirynret Gatty.

34. The Caterpillar . ...» ... . 313

"Such a Beauty," E. P.

3.0. The Farmer ... 321

A Barn-yard Talk, E. P.

The Farmer and the Birds, Josephine Jarvis.

Little Gustava, Celia Thaxter.

36. The Hen and Chickens ........ 331

The Lost Chicken, E. P.

Pe-Wee's Lesson, " Stories for the Kindergarten and the Home."

The Story of Speckle, E. P.

37. The Bee, I 3-w

The Rhyme of the Little Idle Boy, E. P.
Edith and the Bees, Helen Keller.

38. The Bee, II ... 352

A Narrow Escape, Maurice Noel.
Solomon and the Bees, J. G. Saxe.
Mrs. Flyaway, Ada Cook.

39. FLfsWERS ... • • ■ • 366

What They Did.

The Plant Household, E. P


Clytie, F. H.

The Indian Legend of the Arbutus, C. E. Belknap.

The Little Plant, Kate L. Brown.

40. Summer 379

How the Beans Came Up, F. E. Mann.
Mabel on Midsummer Day, Mary Howitt.
The Story of a Breeze, Mattie McRoy.

41. Su>si]iXE . 3f>3

The Wind and the Sun, Retold by E. P.

The Sunbeams, E. P.

The Story of the Morning-glory Seed, Margaret Eytinge.

The Water-bloom, Celia Thaxter.

42. The Moon and the Stars 401

Linda and the Lights, E. P.

43. The Weaver 407

A Visit to the Weaver, Josephine Jarvis.
John' s Trousers, Josephine Jarvis.

44. Wcoi 41:!

How the Little Boy Got a New Shirt, Fromthe German.

Translated by Louise Stuart.
Molly's Lamb, " Stories for the Kindergarten and the Home.'^
Sequel to an Old Story, E. P.

45. Cotton 420

Machinery Magic, Holmes' Third Reader.
Cotton Field Stories, E. P.

4G. Linen 426

The Flax, Hans Chri.'itian Andersen.
The Flax Flower, Mary Howitt.

47. Sii.K 434

The Life of a Silk Worm, Nettie Fleming.

The Silk Worm, Mary Howitt.

The Goddess of the Silk Worm, E. P.


The preparation of these talks and stories was first under-
taken for the kindergartens of Boston and vicinity.

With the talks especially, great freedom in the use of the
material offered was always urged as essential to good results,
and such freedom is urged more than ever, in submitting the
collection to a wider circle of teachers and children.

The subjects follow, somewhat, the course of the kindergarten
year, but selection must be exercised, since there is often under
one subject more than enough for two weeks' work with tlie

The book is in no wise intended as a one-year programme.

Accuracy of fact has been assiduously sought, and in view of
the pains taken, and the authorities consulted, is believed to have
been obtained. Should errors be found, however, notice of them
would be gratefully received.

Reading, more or less closely related to the subject, has been
suggested in the hope that the lists will prove a convenience to
the teacher and tempt her to avail herself of the refreshment and
inspiration which poet, philosopher, scientist and story-teller are
ready to give.

While most of the stories in the book are for children of the
kindergarten age, whether at home, in the kindergarten, or in the
lower grades of the primary school, a few stories are intended
expressly for older children.

Stories of nature and child-life, of history and of mythology,
have all found place, for, as the best educators tell us, all these
kinds are necessary for the symmetrical development of the facu^-


ties. Like the talks, the stories are concerning those objects,
activities, festivals, etc., whicli belong in the child's world, those
with which he is in actual contact or has some relation, and of
which he is eager to talk and to hear.

Whatever the kind of story, its spirit and influence have been
the paramount considerations.

" I have indited tliee, with care and love,
My little book; and now I send thee forth
On a good mission,
In sweet homes to be a loving guest.
And find a place in many a guileless heart,"

" Go little book, and to the young and kind
Speak thou of pleasant hours and lovely things."

Emilik Poulsson.

Bogton, Mass., 1893.

*' Go, forth, with serious style or jjlayful grace
Winning young gentle hearts; and bid them trace
With thee the Spirit of Love, through earth and air,
On beast and bird, and on our mortal race.
Go forth,

And greet thou those who love thee, in my name,
Tea, greet them warmly !

Little book, adieu!'"


To THE Teacher: —

Though this talk is more upon the apple tlian upon fruits in oreneral^
it is better, for tlie sake of comparison, tliat the teacher should have,
besides apples, a pear, peach, plum and grapes and other fruits, as con-
venient. The best illustrative object would be a small branch bearing
both fruit and leaves. A colored picture of the apple blossom will also
be needed.

Let the children first name the fruits as you hold them up one by one.
Question regarding the colors. Let some of the children distinguish
the fruits by touch alone, following this test with questions upon the-
shapes. Contrast the velvety skin of the peach with the smooth skin of
the apple and pear.

Let other children name the fruits by the sense of smell, and others
by the sense of taste, either now or later, during the games, or at
lunch time.

Take care that each of these exercises is profitable, requiring the child
to discriminate by the one sense alone.



Where did the fruits come from? (If the children get beyond
*' the fruit stand" and give the general answer "from the
trees," lead them to notice that each kind of fruit comes from
its own kind of tree. )

Do you think it takes the apple tree a long time to get the
apples ready? Indeed it does, a long, long time. Some of the
older children who were in kindergarten last year may remember
the apple blossoms we saw in the springtime. (Show picture of
apple blossom.)

When the pretty pink and white petals dropped off the stem,
there was a tiny, hard, green knob at the end of it, and all the
spring and all the summer this little green knob grew and grew
and grew. Finally, late in the summer or in autumn, the ap])le
was full-grown and ripe. (A series of quick drawings, showing
the gradual enlargement of the growing apple, will interest and
impress the children, if done in a spirited manner. The first
figures of the series could be drawn with green crayon and the
later ones with red and yellow, or whatever would best represent
the ripe apple which you have shown them.)

What helped the tree to make its apples? The earth and the
air, the sunshine and the rain, — nothing can grow without them.

Of what use are fruits? They are very good to eat and very
wholesome when ripe and fresh, or when nicely cooked. Insects,
worms and birds make many a delicious feast upon them, and
even the larger animals enjoy them, too, sometimes.

I was crossing a field the other day, with a lady, when two
cows walked straight to her. " Oh, yes ! " said the lady, ''you
want some apples, don't you?" Then she explained to me that
she had once given these two cows some apples and that they
had since come to her every time she crossed the field, evidently'
expecting to be treated to fruit.


What do you find inside the apple when you eat it? What in
the pear? peach? plum? grape? (Let a child cut an apple in
halves vertically, and another child cut a second apple horizon-
tally, and do the same with two pears.) How many seeds in the
apple? in the pear? Are the seeds of any use? Look at the
apple seeds. What a shiny brown color they are and how small !
Yet each seed, if planted and cared for rightly, would grow to
be a tree some day — a tree with roots and trunk and branches
and leaves, and with spring blossoms and autumn fruits.

Are they not useful and wonderful, then, these little brown
seeds? Would you like to have a baby apple tree growing in
the kindergarten? What shall we do, then? (It will be well to
plant several, to ensure the desired result.)



How Plants Grow, .-.. - - Gray

Flower and Fruit, - - - - - Jane II. Newell

Systematic Science,

Edw. G. Howe, in Kindergarten Magazine, May and June, 1891
Apples, - - - - George W. Curtii.

The Apple ("Winter Sunshine"), - - - ^ Burroughs

Forest Trees and Wild Apples,

Thoreau, in No. 27 of Riverside Literature Series
The Planting of the Apple Tree, - - . - - Bryant

The Fruit Gift, . - . - Whittier

Cellar Scene (-'Bitter Sweet"), - _ - J.G.Holland

To Autumn, - ..-. Keats
The Orchard Lands of Long Ago, • James Whitcomb Riley

August (" There Were Four Apples on the Bough "), - Sivinburne

August, _ - -..- Edwin Arnold


The Nut Gatherers, i -^. , ' .,

} • _ .. . Kindergarten Gems

The Four Peaches, )




{From the German.)

High up in a tree, among the green leaves, hung a little apple
with such rosy cheeks it looked as though it might be sleeping.
A little child came near, and standing under its branches, she
looked up and called to the apple: " O apple I come to me: do
come down to me ! you do not need to sleep so long."

She called so long and begged so hard, but the apple did not
waken; it did not move in its bed, but looked as though it was
laughing at her in its sleep.

Then came the bright sun; high in the heavens he shone.
"0 Sun I lovely Sun I" said the child, ''please waken the
apple for me." The sun said: " 0, yes ; with pleasure I will.'*
So he sent his bright beams straight in the face of the apple and
kissed it kindly, but the apple did not move a bit.

Then there came a l)ird, and perched upon a bough of the
tree and sang a beautiful song, but even that did not waken the
sleeping apple. x\nd what comes now! "1 know," said the
child, " he will not kiss the apple — and he cannot sing to it, he
will try another way." Sure enough, the wind putted out his
cheeks and blew and l)le\v, and shook the tree, and the little
apple was so frightened tliat it awoke and jumj)ed down from the
tree and fell right in the apron of the little child. She was much
surprised, and so glad that she said to him, " I thank you very
much, Mr. Wind."

Lizzie Willis.

"Kinderffcu/tn .Var/azine."


A baby beech tree was growing by the side of its mother. It
said to her one day, " Mother, I wisli I knew of what use I can
be in the world. There is Neighbor Oak who throws down
acorns for our master's pigs to eat. Neighbor Birch gives him

S IN THE child's WORLD.

some .smooth bark to make iiito a boat. Neighbor Spruce gives
him gum to pour over tiie joinings of the boat to keep it from
leaking, and all the others can help in some way; but what can
I do?" '' Wait and see," said the mother tree. So the little
tree waited.

By and by some pretty flowers shaped like this (showing
flowers or a picture of some flowers resembling the blossoms of
the beecli) came upon the baby tree. Then the little tree was
happy. " Oh I " it said, '' now I see what good I can do. I can
please our master by looking pretty."

When the blossoms fell off, the poor little tree felt badly.
*' mother!" it said, "all my pretty flowers are gone, and
now I cannot even look pretty any longer. What shall I do?"
"Wait and see," said the mother tree. The little tree thought
that waiting was a hard thing to do, but it said to itself,
" Mother knows best, so I'll do what she says."

After a while some little green prickly things came where the
flowers had been. These pleased the little tree as much as the
flowers had done, and it was content to wait, and see if they
were of any use except to look pretty.

Then the little green prickly things all turned brown, and
the little beech tree thought they were not pretty any longer.
" Oh, dear ! mother," it said, " my little green prickly things
have all turned brown, and now I cannot even look })retty any
longer. What shall I do?" " Wait and see,'' said the mother
tree. So the little tree waited.

The autumn had come, and the weather was beginning to be
cold in the part of the country where the little beech tree lived.
One morning after a heavy frost, the little beech tree found that
its little brown prickly things had all fallen. "0 mother!"
it said, " there are my little ])rickly tilings on the ground, and
now I am sure I shall never be of any use to anybody." " Do
not be discouraged yet; wait and see," said the mother tree.

Just then the muster's cliildren came along. They had bas-
kets in their hands, for they were going to pick up nuts in the
woods. As they came under the baby beech, the eldest boy
?toi)ped. " children ! See ! " he cried, " here are the beech

IN THE child's WORLD. 9

mits on the ground. Mother likes them better than any other
kind of nuts. Let us pick them all up and take them home
to her."

As the children went away with the nuts, the mother tree
said, "Now, my dear, you see what good you can do." "Yes,
mother," said the little tree. And ever after it was content,
even when it grew to be a big tree — as big as its mother.

Josephine Jakvis.
Cohden, III.



To THE Teachei:: —

A closer study of birds and bird-life will be advisable in the spring;
when we welcome the little travelers back. By that time the children
will be prepared to observe more in detail and will have more power of
expression, as well as a <,aeater familiarity with the activities of thy birds
through the bird games and linger plays.

If there is a kindergarten canary, it would naturally furnish the text
foi- this talk; l)ut the migration of the birds and the causes which lead
to it sl'ould be jirominent.


(Sing the Froebel finger play, "In tlie branches of the tree."

Show a nest and enhirge somewhat npon the nest bnikling and
the family life which the song has only suggested.)

The nest is the birdie's home. A small place for a whole fam-
ily to live in, is it not? The baby birds are very tiny, however,
and cuddle close together under the mother bird's wings; and
the father bird generally sits on a branch near the nest.

How do birds get so high in the tree? What do they use in
flying? (Let the children tell all they can about birds, — their
appearance and habits and songs, — and also tell what '.)irds they
know by name.)

What do birds like to eat? Fruit, grains and other seeds, and
worms and insects. Where do they find them? Are the worms
and insects out in the winter? Are the fruits on the trees in
winter? What will the poor birds do, then, when the cold winds


blow and the trees are bare and the ground is covered with snow?
Poor httle things! They could not live if they stayed here.
They would freeze or starve in our cold laud. So, some time in
the autumn, when they find that the air is colder and food is
getting scarce, they decide to go away. AVhole flocks of them
fly away together.

Where do you think they go? Far away to another part of
our land where it is warm, bright, summer weather.

Is it not wonderful that they know when and where to go? —
wonderful that they can find their way, sometimes across the
sea even, and always a long distance? How glad they must be,
after flying so far, to reach a place where they find fruit and
flowers, aud green trees and warm sunshine!

Do all the birds fly away to a warm country? Which birds
stay Avith us all Avinter? Is it easy for them to find enough to
eat? Would you like to help them sometimes this Avinter? Even
if we should only give the birds the crumbs and bits from our
lunch every day, it Avould be a help to them. Perhaps Ave can
sometimes make quite a feast for our little feathered friends.


A Popular Handbook of the Ornithology of the T'liited

States, Based on Nuttall's JNIanual, - - M. Chaitiberlain

Migration of Birds ("Winners in Life's Kace" ), - Arabella Buckley

A Bird Medley ("'Birds and Poets"), - - - Burroughs

November Birds ("Sharp Eyes'"), - - - - W.M. Gibson

The Unknown Land, - - - - - Margaret Gatty

To a Waterfowl, - ... Bryant

A September Robin, - - I>. Mulock Craik

A Remembrance of Autumn. - - - Adelaide A. Proctor

The Flight of the Birds, - - - - E. C. Stedman

The Departure of the Swallow, .... IF. Howitt

Bird Ways, - - - - - - O. T. Miller

Coming and Going (Kindergarten Stories and Morning Talks), S. E. Wiltse

IJS THE child's world. 1^



I From the Norwegian . i

" Tell me,'' said little Lisa,

The pretty child so sweet,
" Where do you tiny birdies
Find all you need to eat?"'
The little birds in answer

Sang cheerily : " We know !
For us, a dainty table

Is spread where'er we go:
The good brown earth, so kindly,

Has scarce a single plant
Which will not feast the birdies

When seeds or fruits they want."
So sang the birds to Lisa;
But Lisa, pitying, said :
" When little birds are tired
Where can they find a bed?
Then gaily chirped the birdies,
" In every bush or tree
Where we may choose to build them

We have our dwellings free.
Leaf shaded and leaf hidden

We safely go to rest;
Was never bed more cosy

Than is the birdie's nest.''
Still questioned little Lisa:
" But when you wish to drink,
What then? ' ' The birdies warbled :
" We seek the brooklet's ;)rink,
Or sip the dew of morning

Which every leaf holds up;
Or take with joy the raindrops

From some bright llower's cup.
And many a spring and fountain

And many a wayside pool
Their sparkling waters offer,
So fresh and pure and cool."



Then said the loving Lisa:
" When winter cold is here
And everything is frozen,

Oh, you will starve, I fear! "'
Again the birds chirped gaily:
" O little maiden kind.
We fly to lands of sunshine

Where summer joys we find.
And for the birds who stay here

Ev'n when cold winter comes,
Some child as sweet as you, dear,

Will surely scatter crumbs.



Once upon a time tliere were six little birds, all fat, all fluffy,
uiid all friendly; and they sat in a row on the shore of the Med-
iterranean Sea.

Said one of them to the others, '^'Fat and fluffy friends, let us
go over to Africa. I have lieard that the worms there walk into
one's mouth as soon as one opens it, and that they have b'esides
a very fine flavor."

Said the others to him, *' Fluft'y friend and fat, gladly would
we go to Africa, but how can we get there? Our wings are
short, and we are small. We never could fly so far, but should
drop into the sea and be drowned.''

"That is true," said the first. " Let us see if some one does
not come along who will carry us over."' So they all waited, sit-
ting in a row on the sand. Soon a great fish came swimming by.

IN THE child's world. 15

" Will you curry us to Africii, fish?" asked the six little birds.

*'I will curry you to the bottom of the sea,'' replied the fish,
*'Just like this!'' and, folding his fins, he darted down through
the water as swift as an arrow.

" Dearl dearl " said the little birds. " ITow lucky that we did
not go Avith him. We must still wait."

Soon a slieep came Avalking by, and as it looked very good-
natured, the birds asked if it would carry them over to Africa.

"^ I can't,'' said the sheep. "I never swim, and I caiinot fly.
You must wait for the cranes."

"And Avho are the cranes?" asked the little birds.

" I'hey are big birds," said the sheep, ''with long bills, longer
necks, and legs that are longer yet. Once every year they come

Online LibraryEmilie PoulssonIn the child's world; morning talks and stories for kindergartens, primary schools and homes → online text (page 1 of 29)