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PEELIMINAEY PEOGEAMME



OF THE



COKrERE:N^CE

OP

MANAGERS OF REFORMATORY AND INDUSTRIAL

INSTITUTIONS,

TO BE HELD IN EDINBURGH
MAY 26th to JUNE 1st, 1875.




REFORMATORY AND REFUGE UNION
34 PARLIAMENT STEEET, LONDON, S.W.



REFORMATORY AND REFUGE UNION,
CONFERENCE

Of Managers of Preventive and Reformatm'y Institutions to he held
in Edinburgh, May 2Qth to June \st, 1875.



The Council of the Keformatort and Eefuge Union of London
have resolved to invite the Honorary and paid Managers of the various
Eeformatories, Eefuges, Industrial Schools, and Homes, throughout the
United Kingdom, to a Conference in Edinburgh, May the 26th and
following days, as above.

Since the establishment of the Union in 1856, only one such General
Conference has been held,' viz., that in London in 1869. Considering the
satisfactory results of that gathering, and the great extension of the
work during the last five years, especially in connection with School
Boards, the Council feel that the time has now arrived when another
Conference of all those engaged in Eeformatory efforts, whether as
Honorary Managers or paid Superintendents, should be convened.
Much good has resulted from the frequent meetings of Masters and
Matrons in London and other localities, and it is felt that a larger
benefit will be derived from the wider intercourse and mutual inter-
change of experience which will be obtained at the forthcoming Con-
ference at Edinburgh.



5ub=C0mmfttcc of tje Ilef0rmat0rg anti Eefufje ^nt'oit.



A. 0. CHARLES, Esq.
CHAELES R. FORD, Esq.
GEORGE HANBURY, Esq.



W. E. HUBBARD, Jun., Esq.
A. F. KINNAIRD, Esq.
ARTHUR MILLS, Esq., M.P.
ARTHUR J. S. M ADDISON, Secretary.



[The attention of Members of the Conference is respectfully directed to the
Rule that no Speaker speak for more than Eight minutes. The Con-
ference Meetings will last, on Thursday from 10.30 a.m. to 2 p.m., on
Friday and Monday from 10.30 a.m. to 2.30 p.m.]

A Map of Edinburgh will be found opposite page 10.



PROGRAMME.



WEDNESDAY, MAY 26.

4 P.M., PRAYEE MEETING at the Oddfellows' Hall, Forrest

Road. Chairman — John Cowan, Esq.

5 P.M., TEA in the Small Hall.

6.30, SOCIAL MEETING. The Girls from the Training
Home in Lauriston Lane will sing during the evening.



THURSDAY, MAY 27.

The Committee of the Edinhurgh Industrial Brigade will this
morning entertain the Members of Conference at Breakfast
in Oddfellows' Hall (No. 2), at 9 o'clock, Sir Francis B.
OuTRAM, Bart., in the Chair ; and in the course of the day
the New Buildings of the Brigade will be publicly opened
by the Baroness Burdett-Coutts. Cards of Invitation
will be sent to each Delegate.

CONFERENCE in Oddfellows' Hall (No. 1), Chair to be taken
by the Right Hon. Lord Polwarth at 10.30.

Papers and Discussions.
A. Industrial and Eeformatory Schools.

1. The effects of Industrial Schools upon Pauperism, Vagrancy,
and Crime in Aberdeen. Ex-Sheriff Watson.*

* In order to add to the interest of this paper, tlie statistics which
wiU be referred to in it will be found on pp. 15-19 of this Programme.



2. The Incidence of Eagged, Industrial, and Eeformatory

Schools on Juvenile Crime. John Smith, Governor of
the Prison, Edinburgh. Speaker — Kev. E. G. Fish.

3. The Boarding-out System. WiLLiiJM Anderson, of the

" Courant" Newspaper.

4. Feeding Schools. F. W. Bedford, D.C.L. Speakers —

Mr. CoRBETT, etc.

6. On practical difficulties experienced by Magistrates in the
working of the Industrial Schools Act. Thomas Knox,
J. P. Speaker — Mr. Thomas Ivory, Advocate.

6. The Co-operation of School Boards and Voluntary Agencies
in the Education of Destitute Children. Donald MAC-
KINNON, M.A., Clerk to the Edinburgh School Board.

B. Discharged Prisoners.

1. Discharged Prisoners' Aid Societies. Walter Paterson,

J.P. (Glasgow).

2. Treatment of Female Discharged Prisoners. Eev. H. M.

Baker (Chaplain of Eefuge for the Destitute, London).



EECEPTION by Mr. Jai^ies Cowan, M.P., and Mrs. Cowan,
at 35 Eoyal Terrace. Tea and Coffee at 7 o'clock.

In the course of the evening the Eev. J. H. Monahan and Mr.
Lentaigne will give some information respecting Irish
Institutions, and Dr. WiNES regarding American Institu-
tions.



FRIDAY, MAY 28.



BEEAKFAST in Oddfellows' Hall (No. 2), at 9 o'clock, Mr.
W. E. Hubbard, Junr., in the Chair.

CONFEEENCE in Oddfellows' Hall (No. 1), Chair to be taken
by the Eight Hon. the Lord Provost at 10.30.



Papers and Discussions.

A. Ragged Schools.

Difficulties about Ragged Schools, and how to meet them.
J. R. FiNDLAY. Speaker — Charles Jenner.

B. Training Ships.

Training Ships as Reformatories and Industrial Schools, their re-
sults, and should they be increased in number'? L. T. Cave.
Speaker — George Burnett, Dundee.

C. Out-Door Work.

Industrial Brigades. T. R. Marshall. Speakers — David
Harris, S. Skelton, L. K. Shaw, of Manchester, E. E.
Scott, etc.

D. Refuge Work.

1. How far is the aspect of Refuge "Work changed by the

Education and greater ^^rosperity of the country] AV. E.
Hubbard, Junr. Speakers — Dr. Barnardo, Mr. Quarrier.

2. Night Refuges. B. Radford. Speaker — John M'Intyre.



PUBLIC MEETING in the Hall of the Museum of Science
and Art. Chair to be taken at 6.30 by the Right Hon. the
Lord Provost. Speakers — Lord Brabazon, Dr. Bar-
nardo, Thomas Knox, etc.

Admission will be by ticket, to be received at the entrance
to the Museum.

A description will be given of some of the Institutions, Homes,
and Ships in connection with the Reformatory and Refuge
Union, by A. 0. Charles for English, and by David Harris
for Scottish Institutions, illustrated with Dissolving Views.

The galleries of the Museum will be open to the public.

The Band of the Edinburgh Industrial Brigade, the Band of
the " Mars " Training Ship, and the Band of the Original
Ragged School will j^lay during the evening; and a selection
of Songs will be sung by the inmates of the various Institu-
tions. Parties of Boys and Girls from several Institutions will,
by the kind permission of Professor Archer, be engaged in
their industrial occupations within the Museum.



SATURDAY, MAY 29.

Visit to the Training Ship " Cumberland," and sail up the Gareloch.

BREAKFAST at 8 a.m. Due notice of the place will be given.

The Members will divide into two parties for this day, and are
requested to make their choice known to Mr. Constable
as soon as possible. They will either —

Leave Edinburgh for Helensburgh at 9 a.m. ; embark on steamer
at Helensburgh at 12.10; visit Training Ship "Cumber-
land," (lunch on board) and thence a short sail up the
Gareloch ; return to Helensburgh, and thence by train, at
3.45 P.M., to Edinburgh, or they will —

Leave Edinburgh for Tayport at A.M., where a special
steamer will be waiting to convey them to the " Mars "
Training Ship on the Tay. They will have lunch on
board and return to Edinburgh in the afternoon.



SUNDAY, MAY 30.



AN EVENINO GATHERING of Children from the Institu-
tions in the City in the Hall of the Literary Institute,
It is expected that Dr. Barnardo, Rev. J. H. Wilson, and
Rev. James Robertson, Newington, will deliver Addresses
to them.

There will be an opportunity for Conference on the subject
of the Religious training of the inmates of Institutions in th^
evenina;.



MONDAY, MAY 3L

BREAKFAST in Oddfellows' Hall (No. 2) at 9 o'clock.
Sheriff Watson in the Chair.

CONFERENCE in Oddfellows' Hall (No. 1). Chair to be taken
by Sheriff Barclay, Perth, at 10.30.



Papers and Discussions.
A. — Home Management.

1. Necessity of individual influence with inmates. Eev. S. C.

Baker, Monmouth Eeformatory.

2. Education of Inmates. Joseph Hassell (Educational In-

spector of the Eeformatory and Eefuge Union).

3. Work — its position and power as a reformatory agent.

David Dickson.

4. Music's Mission. Joseph Proud:vian.

5. Dietary and Cooking in our Institutions.

6. The Object and Success of Eeformatory Schools. Charles

F. EuNXY, Aberdeen.

B. — Disposal of Inmates.

1. The Future of our Eeformatory and Industrial School Boys

— Should we start them as Artisans ? George Eayment
(Master of Boys' Home, Eegent's Park, London).

2. Extension of the System of Homes for AYorking Boys. AY.

Bassett (Superintendent, Homes for Working Boys, Spital
Square, London).

3. How can communication with the children be kept up after

leaving the Institutions 1 Eev. T. Turner (Chaplain of
Boys' Home, Eegent's Park, London).

4. Emigration. Eev. T. B. Stephenson, M.A. (Principal of

Children's Home, Victoria Park).



AFTEEXOOX MEETING at 4 o'clock. Samuel Ealeigh
C.A., in the Chair.

C. — Officers of Institijtions.

1. Supply and training of Officers. Alexander Falconer
(Superintendent, Mossbank Industrial School, Glasgow).



8

What is the best method of providing for disabled Officers
of Reformatory and Industrial Institutions, their widows
and orphans 'i A. 0. Charles. Speakers — John Craster,
etc.



RECEPTION by Mr. Charles Jenner at the Royal Hotel.
Tea and Coffee at 7 o'clock. Tickets will be issued three
days before.



TUESDAY, JUNE 1.

BREAKFAST at 8 a.m.

Leave Edinburgh for Glasgow, from Waverley Station, at
A.M. \_The Members of Conference are requested to
give notice to Mr. Constable whether they would jyrefer to visit,
in Glasgotv, the Mossbank Reformatory for Boys, the
Maryhill Reformatory for Girls, or the Roman Catholic
Industrial School in Abercromby Street, as it ivill not he
'possible to overtake more than one of these Institutions. 1 In
Glasgow omnibuses will be waiting at the Station.

CONFERENCE (particulars as to place will be afterwards given).-
Chair to be taken by Mr. George Hanbury at 2 P.M*.

DINNER at 4 p.m.

Papers and Discussions,

Female Institutions.

{The best means of reaching the Fallen.)

1. Midnight Meetings. Rev. J. S. Fletcher.

2. Female Agents. George Hanbury.

3. The best mode of management of Institutions for Females.

E. W. THoaiAS.



RECEPTION by the Hon. James Bain, Lord Provost, at the
Corporation Rooms. Tea and Coffee at 6.30 o'clock.



WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2.

EXCURSIONS to Melrose, Perth, or elsewhere, as may be
determiued on.



GENERAL ARRANGEMENTS.

The Conferences will be open, not only to the deputed
Representatives and paid Managers, but to any engaged in
or connected w^tli the Reformatory and Refuge movement
who may wish to be present or take part in the proceedings.
Admission will be solely by tickets, which may be obtained of
Mr. Archibald Constable, 1 1 Thistle Street, Edinburgh, or at
the Office of the Oddfellows' Hall, Forrest Road.

The Secretaries, Honorary Representatives, and paid Managers
of Institutions will each receive a ticket which will admit them
to the opening prayer-meeting, the breakfast meetings, the public
meeting, the special service, and to the meetings in Glasgow.
Holders of these tickets, on presenting them at the Oddfellows'
Hall after breakfast on Thursday or Friday morning {hut not
later), will receive their Railway tickets for Glasgow. A limited
number of tickets for the Glasgow excursion will also be obtain-
able for friends at each (including dinner on board the
Steamer).

For the evening Receptions and Social Meeting on Thursday,
Monday, and Tuesday, separate cards of invitation will be sent.
Facilities will be afforded on these evenings for ladies to leave
their bonnets, etc.

Arrangements will be made for visitors to inspect the different
Institutions in Edinburgh, of wdiich the following is a list : —

Leith Industrial School, 14 Lochend Road, . '\ a ' '• j. j J
' ' ( fcsupenntendent.

Wellington Reformatory Farm School, Pennycuick, ) Mr, Craster,



:|



near Edinburgh, | m. from Leadburn Station, . ) Superintendent.

Dairy "Western Reformatory School for Girls, Dairy ) jVIiss Whiteford,
Road J Tramway to Hay market,. . . . j Matron.

Feeding School, Vennel, Grassmarket, . . \ c> ' ■ x. ■> \

° ' ' ' { Superintendent.

City Poorhouse, Craiglockhart, Slateford (Boys and ) Mr. Kemp,

Girls) ; Tramway to Morningside, . . . j Superintendent.

A 2



10



St. Cuthbert's Poorhouse, Craigleith,

Edinburgti Original Ragged Schools, Ramsay Lane,
Argyll House, and Leith Walk (Boys and Girls),

Edinburgh United Industrial School, Blackfriars'
Street (Boys and Girls),

Dean Bank Institution (Girls), Stockbridge,

Edinburgh Industrial Brigade, Grove Street,

Girls' Training Home, Lauriston Lane,

Emigration Home, Lauriston Lane, .

Night Asjdum and Home for the Destitute, Old
Fleshmarket Close, ....

Female Orphanage, 80 Raeburn Place,



Mr. W. CowA>r,
Governor.

James Reith,
Superintendent.

Mr. A. Lauchlan",
Superintendent.

Mrs. FoL'LDS,
Matron.

Mr. W. Ratteay,
Superintendent.

Miss Whyte.

Mr. J. M'Intyre.
Superintendent.



ARTHUR J. S. MADDISON,
Secretahy of the Reformatory and Refctge Union.

ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE,
Hon. Secretary of the Edinburgh Committee.

Office of the Reformatory and Refuge Union,
34 Parliament Street, London, S.W.

Office of the Edinburgh Committee,
11 Thistle Street, Edinburgh.



April 1875.



APPENDIX.



From Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, pp. 259-262.

REFORMATORY AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS.

The Seventeenth Report of the Inspector appointed, under the provisions of
the Act 5 and 6 WilL IV. c. 38, to visit the certified Reformatory and Industrial
Schools of Great Britain, is for tlie year 1873.

Reformatoky Schools.

The number of institutions certified under the Act 17 and 18 Vict. c. 86, in
Great Britain, for the reformation of young offenders, on the 3l3t December 1873,
was 65, viz., 45 (37 in England and 8 in Scotland) for boys only ; 20 (16 in England
and 4 in Scotland) for girls only. Of these 65 reformatories, 54 were Protestant
(44 in England and 10 in Scotland), 10 were Roman Catholic (8 in England and 2
in Scotland), and 1 in England (the North-Eastern in Northumberland) received
boys of both denominations. Of the 54 Protestant reformatories, 38 were for boys
(31 in England and 7 in Scotland), and 16 for girls (13 in England and 3 in Scot-
land), Of the 10 Eoman Catholic reformatories, 6 were for boys (5 in England
and 1 in Scotland), and 4 for giiis (3 in England and 1 in Scotland). The number
of young offenders under sentence of detention in reformatories in Great Britain
at the close of the year was, 6612 in 1871, and 6671 in 1872, and 6778 in 1873.
The admissions for the year 1873 were 1704, viz., 1383 boys and 821 girls. Of
those under sentence of detention at the close of the year, 14 were in prison, 129
were at large, having absconded, and 1013 (876 boys and 137 girls) were out on
license, preparatory to discharge ; so that the number of actual inmates cf
reformatory schools was 5622 (boys 4464, girls 1158). The inmates, at the end
of 1873, were distributed as follows : in English schools, 4574 (boys, Protestant,
2687, Roman Catholic, ^d,Q ; girls, Protestant, 688, Roman Catholic, 213) ; in
Scotch schools, 1048 (boys, Protestant, 610, Roman Catholic, 181 ; girls, Protes-
tant, 161, Roman Catholic, 96). The number of new admissions in the Scotch
schools in 1873, was 293 (boys, Protestant, 169, Roman Catholic, 53 ; girls, Protes-
tant, 40, Roman Catholic, 31). Of the 1383 boys received in 1873 into the
reformatories of Great Britain, 24 were under 10 years of age, 233 between 10
and 12, 511 between 12 and 14, and 615 above 14, Of the 321 girls received, 3
were under 10, 37 between 10 and 12, 107 between 12 and 14, and 174 above 14
years old, 690 boys and 254 girls had not been convicted before, 495 boys and 47
girls had been once previously convicted, 140 boys and 13 girls twice, 37 boys and
4 girls three times, 14 boys and 3 girls four times, and 7 boys five times or
upwards. The Inspector remarks that there was a slight decrease in the commit-
ments of children between 12 and 14, and an increase in the case of children
between 14 and 16, The number of discharges in 1873 was 1601 (boys, 1291;
girls, 310). 663 were placed in service or employment in Great Britain, and 468
were placed out with the aid of relatives, 145 (of whom 10 were girls) emigrated,
192 went to sea, 15 enlisted, 44 died in the schools, 13 were discharged on account
of disease and '\^ as incorrigible, 45 had absconded and had not been recovered.

Of 3695 boys and 817 girls discharged from reformatories in the years 1870-72



12



(2941 boys and 662 girls from English, 754 boys and 155 girls from Scotch
reformatories), 114 boys and 26 girls have died, 2644 boys and 596 girls were
doing well, 93 boys and 72 girls were of doubtful character, 532 boys and 70 girls
had been convicted, 312 boys and 53 girls were unknown. Of those discharged
from Scotch Protestant schools, 79-8 per cent, of boys and 81 '4 per cent, of girls
were doing well, 2'9 per cent, of boys and 5 '2 per cent, of girls were doubtful,
11 "3 per cent, of boys and 8"2 per cent, of girls had been convicted, and 6*0 per
cent, of boys and 5'2 per cent, of girls were unknown. Of those discharged from
Scotch Roman Catholic schools, 70"0 per cent, of bo5^s and 87*5 per cent, of girls
were doing well, 7'0 per cent, of girls were doubtful, 30 per cent, of boys and 3 "5
per cent, of girls had been convicted, and 2*0 per cent, of girls were unknown.
The number of persons in prison in 1873 who were found to have been trained
in a reformatory school was, in England, 461 (402 males and 59 females), and in
Scotland, 133 (117 males and 16 females) —total, 594.

The next Table shows, for each of the Reformatories certified in Scotland, the
date of its certification, the average number of iimiates, the average cost of the
inmates per head for maintenance and management, for food, and for clothing,
and the net cost per head, including rent and expenses of disposal, and deducting
industrial profit, or adding industrial loss ; also the amount of industrial profit
or loss at each reformatory, in the year 1873 : —



REFOKMATORIES.



Boys' Schools .- —

Rossie, Montrose, . . . .

Stranraer,

Kibble, Paisley,

Inverness,

Wellington Farm, Peni-
cuik,

Old Mill, Aberdeen, . . .

Glasgow,

Parldiead, Glasgow, Rom.

Catholic

GU'ls' lScKooIs : —

Aberdeen,

Dairy,

Dalbeth, Glasgow, Roman
Catholic,

Glasgow,



Date of

Certifi-
cation.


Average
uumberof
lumates,


Maiuten-

ance
and Man-
agement.


Cost of
Food.


Cost of
Clothing.


Net
Cost




Industrial

Profit or

Loss.






£ s.


d.


£ S.


d.


£ S.


d.


£ S.


d.


£ s. d.


1S57


56


14 19


1


6 12


3


2 3


1


14 16





68 10 1


1859


60


21 14


6


8 9


1


1 18


3


14 4


1


595 6 9


1859


63


21 4


5


8 IS





2 14


3


17 14


1


267 2


1858


79


19 15


1


8 13


2


1 3


7


17 6


3


255 18 10


1857


106


19 8


6


6 15





3 2


9


19


6


323 7 2


1859


119


18 6


3


7 1


8


2 14


8


10 11


4


987 17 6


1854


155


28 8


2


6 14


3


2 18


6


20 15


3


536 14 9


1859


184


19 13


9


7 9


11


1 18


11


17 7


6


559 15 4


1862


43


17 16


1


6 15


9


1 13


3


15 14


2


181 6 5


1858


65


16 4


7


6 5


3


2 5


9


14 1


2


176 4 9


1858


96


15 3


3


7


1


1 6


8


13 19


3


268 5


IStJS


109


15 15


2


5 16


3


2 15


6


11 16




1


493 15 3



The total expenditure upon Reformatories in Great Britain for 1873 amounted to
£132'211. This included rent, £3018, cost of disposal £5747, building expenses
£6689, and loss on industrial departments £92. The average cost per head for
food and for clothing for the year 1873 was : — English bovs' schools, food,
£8, Is. 3d.; clothing, £2, 12s. 6d. ; English girls' schools, food, £7, 12s. lOd.,
clothing, £2, Os. lid. ; Scotch boys' schools, food, £7, lis. 8d., clothing,
£2. 6s. 9d. ; Scotch girls' schools, food, £6, 9s. 4d., clothing, £2, Os. 3d.

The total receipts of reformatory schools in Great Britain in 1873 amounted
to £136,755, made up as follows : — Treasury payments, £86,125 ; subscriptions,
legacies, etc., £7794; contributions from rates, £19,331; contributions from
voluntary associations, £186 ; hire of labour, £3578 ; suncMes, £1735 ; profit on
industrial departments, £18,002.



The following table shows the ordinary charges, the extraordinary charges, the
total receipts, the sums received from parliamentary grants, and the payments



13



from rates for the Reformatories in Scotland, certified xinder the 17 and 18 Vict,
c. 86, during the year 1873 : —





Extra-




Treasury


Payment*


Ordinary






Allow-


from


Charges.


Charges.


Receipts.


ance.


Rates.


£837


£59


£914


£814


£100


1303


144


1216


908




1336


45


1273


962




1560


62


1330


1103


165


2032


307


1979


1697


10


2179


841


2144


1817


100


3628


126


3182


2308


874


3622


134


3088


2877


211


765


91


698


653




1054


34


850


799


21


1455


252


1458


1406


42


1717


62


1305


996


306



REFORMATORIES.



Boys' SichooU ; —

Rossie, Montrose,

Stranraer,

Kibble, Paisley,

Inverness,

Wellington Farm, Penicuik, ....

Old Mill, Aberdeen

Glasgow,

Parkhead, Glasgow, Roman Catholic,
Girls' Schools .- —

Aberdeen

Dairy,

Dalbeth, Glasgow, Roman Catholic,

Glasgow,



Certified Industrial Schools.

The number of certified Industrial Schools in Great Britain increased in 1873
from 100 to 104. The four new schools certified during the year were all in
England. The number of children under order of detention at the close of 1873
was 11,791 (boys, 8947 ; girls, 2844). There were under order of detention in Pro-
testant schools in England, 4749 boys, 1088 girls ; in Roman Catholic schools in
England, 1516 boys, 681 girls ; in Protestant schools in Scotland, 2373 boys, 917
girls ; in Roman Catholic schools in Scotland, 313 boys, 158 girls. 463 boys
and 151 girls, however, were out on license, and 148 boys and 17 girls were
absent from the schools, having absconded and not been recovered ; the numbers
actually in the schools at the close of 1873, therefore were, 8336 boys and 2676
girls, with 24 boys and 21 girls whose sentences were expired, and who w^ere
retained until emplojTuent could be found for them. The number admitted
during the year, omitting transfers, was 3149 — in England, 1888 boys and 357
girls ; in Scotland, 689 boys and 215 girls. The discharges for the year amounted
to 2218 — boys 1736, girls 482. 646 boys and 304 girls were placed in service or
situations, 409 boys and 100 girls were assisted to employment through their
relatives, 57 boys and 10 girls emigrated, 329 boys were sent to sea, 33 enlisted,
36 boys and 10 girls were discharged on account of disease, 51 boys and 9 girls
were committed to reformatory schools, 110 boys and 41 girls died, and 65 boys
and 8 girls had absconded and not been recovered. Of the 151 deaths, 94
occurred in English, and 57 in Scotch schools. Of the 3149 children admitted
in 1873, 144 boys and 97 girls were from 6 to 8 years old ; 510 boys and 146
girls between 8 and 10 ; 1103 boys and 195 girls between 10 and 12 ; and 820
boys and 134 girls between 12 and 14 years old. 138 of the children were
illegitimate ; 359 had lost both, and ] 056 one, of their parents ; 239 had been
deserted by their parents; and one or both parents of 225 were destitute or
criminal.

The number discharged from industrial schools during the years 1870-72 was
4167 (boys 3265, girls 902). 77 of the boys and 19 of the girls have died ; and 88
boys and 19 girls had been sent to Reformatory schools ; 2302 boys and 864 girls
were doing well, and 177 boys and 80 girls were doubtful, 194 boys and 28 girls had
been convicted, and 427 boys and 74 girls were unknown. Of those discharged
from Scotch Protestant schools, 71 "3 per cent, of the boys and 85*4 per cent, of
the girls were doing well, 7"0 per cent, of the boys and 5 '3 per cent, of the girls
were doubtful, 4*8 per cent, of the boys and 3*7 per cent, of the girls had been
convicted, and 16*9 per cent, of the boys and 5 6 per cent, of the girls were

A3



14

unknown. Of those discharged from Scotch Roman Catholic schools, 70 '0 of the
boys and 80 "0 per cent, of the girls Avere doing well, 4*4 per cent, of the boys and
3*0 per cent, of the girls were doubtfi;l, 9 '2. per cent, of the boys and 8'0 per cent, of
the girls had been convicted, and 16 "4 percent, of the boys and 9*0 per cent, of the


1 3

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