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the fifteenth century {apud 1470) (a), and essentially
very much what it remained in the beginning of the
next {anno 1501), the date of the first of the existing
Registers.

That there are no similar records of an earlier date
is a matter not only of regret but one of some mystery.
It is hardly credible that none were kept ; and even if,
as is commonly reported, the records down to the date
of Wat Tyler s Rebellion (1381) were destroyed by that
lawyer-hating rebel and his followers, there remains a
period of a hundred and twenty years still blank. It is
possible, of course, that the books then kept may have
been mislaid or destroyed, but it seems inconceivable
that there were none. Indeed, a memorandum on the
first page of the present Register precludes the idea (6).
Their non-existence both in the case of the Inner as
well as of the Middle Temple before about the same date
seems to point to some disaster within the Temple, in
the way of fire or otherwise, left unrecorded.



JOHN HUTCHINSON.



Mn>DLE Temple Libbart,
December 1904.



(a) The account of the Inns of Court and Chancery given bj Fortescue in
the forty-ninth chapter of his pamphlet, De Lavdibia Legum Anglice, has been
disputed as unauthentic by Sergeant PuUing in his Order of the Coify but
apparently on insufficient grounds [see p. (6), ante"]. He describes the Inns
of 0«)urt a-s not only law schools, but seminaries of polite learning frequented
by the flower of English youth — a character they have more or less truly
deserved ever since.

{h) This is to the effect that the incoming Treasurer received from his
predecessor soon after his succeeding to office the " Book of the Constitution "
of the Inn, " with the Bolls." See Middle Temple Records, Minutes of Parlia-
menty p. 1.



London
BUTTBRWORTH k Co., 11 and 12 Bell Yard, Temple Bar.



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I

I



MIDDLE TEMPLE RECORDS.



1501] BOOK A.

Memorandum that a Parliament was held in the week next
before the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the
Martyr (7 July), 16 Hen. YII.

John Brooke was elected Treasurer of the Middle Temple,
and took upon him that office.

And afterwards in the Quinzaine of St. Michael the
Archangel then next following, William BoUyng, the last
Treasurer, delivered to the same John the Book of the
Constitution of the same place, with the rolls.

At a Parliament holden on the Day of Commemoration,*

17 Hen. YII.

Vavesour was chosen for Eeader of the same place, in the
following Lent.

Feteplace was chosen to the office of Steward (senescalli) for
the feast of Christmas then next following.

Bamewill was chosen to the office of Butler for the same
feast then next following.

Thorns was chosen to the office of Marshal for the same
feast. And because Thorns refused the said office, it was
resolvedt by the Company (comitiva) that he should forfeit
100s. And afterwards in his place, Hert was chosen to that
office.

G^ascoign was in the election of the same office, who was
respited for divers considerations by the Company, and there-

° Probably All Souls Day, 2 Nov.

t The word used in the MS. is cone or cons\ The former may be an
abbreviation for coficessum, or conordaUim^ and the latter for comideratum.
In some cases it is impossible to distinguish one from the other, and besides,
the last word is often spelt concideratum.



M.T.R.— I.



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2 Middle Temple Records. [1501-2

fore promised to be in that office at Christmas in the following
year, xmder the foresaid penalty.

Castell, Cave and Carmynowe were chosen to be Masters of
the Revels for the foresaid feast.

Goodrich was chosen to the office of Constable of the
Tower at the same feast.

John Mervyn was admitted as member (socitis), and entered
as clerk, and is pardoned two Christmas vacations, so that he
keep two other vacations immediately in their stead.

Voell was admitted as member and entered as clerk, on
condition that if he lose any vacation, he shall keep another
in its stead immediately.

Boyfeld was admitted as member, and entered as clerk, on
condition that if he miss any vacation, he shall keep another
in its stead immediately, at Christmas, solemnly spent.

Item. For divers expenses incurred by the Company, at the
arrival of Lady Katharine de Espanea at Westminster, to
have a place to see the jousts {lejustis), it was resolved that
there should be a subsidy collected from all, to wit, from each
member 12d.

At a Parliament holden 29 Jan., 17 Hen. YIL

It was resolved by the Company that NicoUs, Seynt German,
Maidston, Luke, Bowryng, Rastall, and Spark should forfeit,
each of them, 3s. 4d., because they were Utter Barristers and
did not attend Parliament, as, etc.

At this Parliament it was resolved that there should be a
subsidy: that is, on the head of each member '2s, ; because John
Hasell, late Steward, was indebted to divers men for victuals
and other necessaries for the use of the place ; and because
Isyngton, late Steward for the feast of Christmas, was indebted
in the same way.

Hardyng and Mervyn are assigned to the chamber, which
was formerly assigned to Norton of Bristol].

Mompesson was admitted as member, and to be out of
commons at his pleasure, for a fine of 33s. 4d., which he paid
to the same Treasurer.

Boteler of Coventry is discharged from every office, for a
fine of 40s. which he has paid to the foresaid Treasurer.

Partriche was admitted as member, and to be out of
commons, on condition that he keep all his vacations, except



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1502] MimjTES OF Parliament. 3

one Christmas feast, and for that feast, he keep another
vacation immediately.

Straunge was admitted as member, and is pardoned two
Christmas vacations, so that he keep two other vacations
following immediately afterwards.

Gowre was admitted as member.

Taillarde was admitted as member, generally.

Danyell was admitted as member, generally.

Sanders was admitted as member, generally, so that he
begin to keep his vacations at the feast of St. Peter, which is
called ad Vincula (Aug. 1), then next following.

At a Parliament holden 26 April, 17 Hen. YII.

Palmes, junior, was chosen to be Beader for the following
vacation.

Draper was admitted as member, on condition that he pay
to the Treasurer 40s., and for that he is pardoned all his vaca-
tions, etc.

Haselwode was admitted as member, and is pardoned one
Christmas feast, so that he keep another vacation in its
stead immediately.

At a Parliament holden 6 July, 17 Hen. YII.

The same John Brooke, at the instance and special request
of the whole Company of the Middle Temple, took upon him-
self again to be Treasurer for the following year.

Aprise was admitted as member, generally.

Sanders was admitted as member, generally.

William Gascoign is discharged from occupying or exercising
any office within the Middle Temple, from the said 6th day
henceforth. And by favour of the Fellowship {Societatis), let
the same William have henceforth this liberty, that whenever it
happens that the same William goes or comes to London, or
the suburbs of the same, while his lord or lady are within that
city or the suburbs of the same, the same William shall be
in commons or out of commons at his liking, for a fine of
4 marks, which the same WiUiam, by the hands of William
Mordaunt, afterwards paid to the hands of John Brooke,
Treasurer, that is to say, on the 2nd day of November, in the



b2



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4 Middle Temple Records. [1502-3

18th year of the reign of King Henry VII. Therefore let the
same William be quit of that fine.

Wyndesesor, jimior, was admitted with Master Pollard in
place of Master Owen, at the special request of the said Master
Pollard.

At a Parliament holden 10 Nov., 18 Hen. YII.

Morton is discharged from the office of Marshal, for a fine
of 53s. 4d.

Hejo^on was chosen to the office of Marshal in place of
Morton ; and if Hejo^on refuse, then Stucley ; and if Stucley
refuse, then Heleryngton, junior. And afterwards Heleryngton,
junior, took the said office upon him, and Stucley promised to
be Marshal at the feast of Christmas then next following.

Memorandum : Pollard was chosen for Beader next Lent.

Fitz James was chosen to the office of Steward for Christmas
next ; and if he refuse, then Hody ; and if Hody refuse, then
More of H., etc.

Bukberd was chosen to the office of Butler for the foresaid
feast.

Hardynge, Danyell, and Hasilwode were chosen to the office
of Master of the Bevels.

Taillerd was chosen to the office of the Constable of the
Tower.

Husy was admitted as member, generally.

Hall was admitted as member, and is pardoned for the feast
of Christmas next following, so that he keep another vacation
instead, immediately.

Thomas Jubbys is dispensed from all offices ; also to be in
commons and out of commons at his liking, for a fine of
3Z. 6s. 8d.

Entylsam was chosen to the office of Butler, because
Bukberd refused the office aforesaid. And it was resolved
{consideratum) that Bukberd should forfeit to the Company
40s. Afterwards it was assessed at another Parliament at 20s.

At a Parliament holden 8 Feb., 18 Hen. YII.

Fetyplace is pardoned because he refused the office of
Steward, for a fine of 40s. on account of illness, etc.
Chamberleyne, senior, was admitted as member to the



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1503] Minutes of Paeliament. 5

Masters' commons, and is discharged from all his vacations
for a fine of SL 6s. Sd.

Chamberleyne, junior, was admitted as member generally.

Ljrtton, of the Exchequer, was admitted as member, and is
pardoned his vacations for half a pipe of good wine, etc.



At a Parliament holden 22 Hay, 18 Hen. YII.

Master Elyot was chosen Beader for the coming vacation,
because he was chosen Serjeant-at-law.

And it is agreed at the present Parliament that Nicholas
Hughson shall not henceforth be in commons except at his
pleasure, for a fine of 205. by pledge of William Mordaunt ;
which the same William afterwards, viz., 28th day of May, in
the said year, paid into the hands of John Brooke, Treasurer,
etc. Therefore as well the foresaid Nicholas as the foresaid
William are quit and discharged thereof, etc.

Feldjmg was admitted as member, generally.

Davers was admitted into the chamber of Lewis Pollard.

Gerljmgston is assigned to a chamber with Sperke in place
of Master Catesby, etc.

Draper is assigned to a chamber with More de H.

Marke was dismissed from the company, and is pardoned all
his arrears for a fine of 135. 4d. as poverty, etc.

Thomas Emson was admitted as member, on condition that
he keep all his vacations, except Christmas vacations, and
that he keep other vacations instead of them immediately;
and he is discharged from every office of the place for a fine of
one pipe of wine ; and he was admitted into the chamber of
Master Elyot, with Master Catesby, etc.

And that the said Thomas Empson shall be allowed to reside
in the inn (hospicio) or house called Le Newyn (New Inn), to
live* and be a fellow commoner (commensalis) there, and
continue until he considers himself capable and sound in
knowledge from his study of the law of the land of England ;
and that he meanwhile shall not be bound by the constitu-
tions, decrees, laws or rules of this house or inn, or obliged to

° Tf-ahere, vUam omitted ; or perhaps the word morari (reside) above, is
an error for moram.



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6 Middle Temple Ebcords. [1503

submit to them or their penalties, or compelled in the least to
obey them, mitil the same Thomas obtains possession of his
admission into this inn, as fellow commoner in the same
in reality, his aforesaid admission above specified in anywise
notwithstanding.



At a Parliament holden 3 July, 18 Hen. YII.

The same John Brooke, at the special request of the whole
company of the Middle Temple, took upon himself again to be
Treasurer for the year next following.
. ,.^ fMordaunt.

^'^^t^^jPalmes. junior.

Hyll was admitted as member, generally.

John Mordaunt, junior, was admitted as member ; and the
same John is pardoned keeping all his vacations, and occupying
or exercising all and all manner offices in this house. And
it is granted at the present Parliament that he shall not be
compelled to keep any vacations, nor be chosen to occupy any
office to be occupied within this house, nor be compelled to
occupy any office ; and likewise that he shall not be compelled
to be in commons, unless at his liking. And all these things
are granted and admitted for a fine of four marks, by the surety
of William Mordaunt, etc.

Lychefeld was admitted as member, and entered as clerk,
on condition that if he miss any reading vacation, that then
he shall keep in its stead one Christmas vacation, etc.

Dynham was admitted as member, and entered as clerk, on
condition that he shall not be charged with any office at the
feast of Christmas then next following after his entry, etc.

Berton was admitted as member, and entered as clerk, on
condition that he shall not be compelled to keep the next
vacation immediately after his entry into commons ; and [if]
he miss any vacation at the feast of Christmas, that then he
shall keep another vacation of the same feast in its stead
immediately and next following.

Afterwards, that is, on the 9th day of November in the 19th year
of the reign of King Henry VII., the foresaid William Mordaunt,
the surety for the said John Mordaunt, paid for the fine of the
same John, the foresaid four marks into the hands of the
foresaid John Broke, Treasurer, etc.



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1503] Minutes of Parliament. 7

Therefore, let as well the same John Mordaunt, as the fore-
said William Mordaunt, be quit and discharged thereof, etc.

John Sedley was admitted as member, and discharged and
exonerated from all his vacations, and from all offices of the
place whatever ; and to be in commons and out of commons
at his liking. And he was admitted in ** Le Maunse " into the
chamber late John Smyth's, for a fine of 335. 4d., which he
paid to John Brooke, then Treasurer, on the last day of
November, in the 19th year of King Henry VII.



At a Parliament holden 2 Nov., 10 Hen. YII.

Palmys, senior, was chosen for Eeader, in the following
Lent.

More was chosen to the office of Steward for the feast of
Christmas then next following.

Stucley was chosen for Marshal for the foresaid feast ; and
if he refuse, then Heyron ; and if Heyron refuse, then
Paston. And afterwards Paston took upon himself the fore-
said office.

Hasylwode, junior, was chosen to the office of Butler.

Hall was chosen to the office of Constable of the Tower.

Hasy, Feldyng and Apprise were chosen to the office of
Masters of the Revels.

Etton was admitted as member, and entered as clerk, on
condition that if he miss the next Christmas feast, then he
shall keep another feast in its stead immediately.



At aParliament holden 9 Nov., 10 Hen. YII.

For Serjeants-at-law, viz., for Elyot and Pollard. And then
it was given to be understood by the Company that Palmys, junior,
was to be Serjeant, by virtue of a certain warrant of our lord
the King directed to the Bishop of London, then Keeper of the
Great Seal of our said lord the King. And afterwards officers were
chosen for the feast of the said Serjeant, viz., " marschalles,
surveyers, suers, conveyers, and controllers,'* each one
according to his rank, etc.

Memorandum : That the foresaid Serjeants were not at the
aforesaid Parliament, but it was considered by the Company



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8 Middle Temple Ebcords. [1503

that they should have among them as reward 20 marks, as
was customary,* etc.

The feast for the Serjeants-at-law was held at Lambeth, in
the hostel of the Archbishop of Canterbury, on Monday next
before the feast of St. Martin the Bishop, in the winter, in the
19th year of the reign of King Henry VII.

And before the foresaid feast, viz., on Friday, about the
third hour after nones, there assembled in the Hall, roimd
** le Cubbord/* all the members in town, as well those who
were in commons, as others who are not bound to be in
commons by reason of their wives being in town, or by reason
of special pardons by fine. And then four of those " aunciens **
were sent to the chambers of those who were ordained to be
Serjeants-at-law, to bring them up to ** le Cuppeborde,** where
Westby, Second Baron of the Exchequer, and Bollyng, Third
Baron of the Exchequer, stood with Master Empson. Also
many of the seniors and almost all the members were pre-
sent. And the said Wesby, giving to those who were
chosen to be Serjeants praise for their good behaviour and
good conduct, which were the cause of their election, desiredt
them to have the Fellowship in their favour, etc., with other
discourse fitting for the subject. And then the Treasurer
delivered to them 20 marks in gold and silver, enclosed in a
new glove, on receiving which they thanked the Fellowship not
only for the money, but for other benefits, as learning in law
and binding} them to study by the good rules ordained by the
Company, which restrained them in youth from their dislike to
study, etc. And then they drank all together, and went with
them, conveying them by " la barge,*' as far as the hostel at
Lambeth. And there they left them, etc.

Also, on the morrow, viz., Saturday, divers, that is almost
all the members of the four Inns, at the desire of the said
Serjeants, viz., each one desired those of his own Fellowship
to dine with him, and they did so, etc.

Also, on Sunday, all the justices were before ten o'clock in
the chapel of the hostel at Lambeth aforesaid, and the new
Serjeants, bending their knee before them, made declarations
on the first writs delivered to them by Mordaunt and Muscott,
prothonotaries of the court. These narrations being finished,
the Chief Justice of the King's Bench praised them for the

** Soltttnm for HoliUim^ MS. f DesideratuTy MS.

X Legaciotiej MS.



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1503-4] Minutes of Parliament. 9

declarations which they had made, and showed to them more
good examples of their predecessors, and then placed ** lez
Coyfes " on their heads, and tied them under their chins, and
clothed them one by one with hoods of scarlet ( [provided]
by the same Serjeants at their own costs), placing the same
hoods on their shoulders like doctors; and so they were
created Serjeants-at-law in the presence of the public before
the whole Inn,* the folk standing round. And then all the
justices entered the Hall, with the said Serjeants following
them, and the justices sat in the Hall at the high table, and
other great folk with them, and the Serjeants sat in the lower
part of the Hall, in the south end of the same Hall.

Also, on Monday, the said Serjeants came to Westminster
Hall, and before them all men of their livery and well ranked ;
but next before them a Serjeant-at-Aims with a great **mase,"
and the Warden of the Flete with his staff. And all the new
Serjeants-at-law stood in the south part of the Hall, opposite the
Court of Common Bench, and always the eldest of them, by his
admission, from which he was chosen Serjeant, on the higher
side. And then two of the old Serjeants went from the bar of
the Court up to the new Serjeants, and took the senior between
them, and led him to the bar, before the Chancellor of
England, the Treasurer of England, with all the other justices
then present there. And he made his declaration, and one of
the old Serjeants made a defence, and the prothonotary read
the writ. And so they did with each, etc.

And afterwards they went to their Inn, and on the same
day, the King, with his whole household, breakfasted with
them.

Memorandum : That for those three days no order was
made for the Company in the four Inns of Court nor in the
Inns of Chancery, because all breakfasted with the foresaid
Serjeants, and very many others to the number of 1,000.



At a Parliament holden 12 Feb., 10 Hen. YII.

It was considered by the Company that More, Steward for
the feast of Christmas last past, should be allowed by the
Treasurer for the apparel for the same feast, 34s. 4d.



H., MS.

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10 Middle Temple Eecords. [1504

Palmes, senior, was admitted in the chamber where Parlia-
ment was held, etc.

Kydall was admitted as member, generally.

Burgeyn was admitted as member, generally.

Larder was admitted as member, generally.

Skerne was admitted as member, generally.

Eiiyghtley was admitted as member, generally.

The matter then moved by the Masters of the Eevels for
their expenses, is respited until the feast of Easter, as long as
the Company thinks fit, etc.

At a Parliament holden 8 May, 10 Hen. YII.

Fitz James was chosen for Beader in the following vacation.

Strange, who forfeited two vacations, is now pardoned by
the Company, on accomit of his illness, so that he keep two
other vacations in their stead.

More and Paver were admitted into the chamber late
belonging to Bowryng, senior,

Jasper FyloU was admitted into the chamber of Master
Sm3rth, at his special request.

Arthur Kemys was admitted as member, and is pardoned all
his vacations and offices of the place ; also to be in or out of
conmions, at his liking, for a fine of 405. paid to Master Broke.

At a Parliament holden on Tuesday next after the Feast of
All Saints (S Nov.), 20 Hen. YII.

Pynkeney was chosen for Reader in next Lent.

Nicollys was chosen to exercise the office of Steward for the
feast of Christmas next following ; and if he refuse, etc., then
Bowryng was chosen to exercise the same office.

Castell was chosen to exercise the office of Butler, for the
said feast of Christmas ; and if he refuse, etc., then Joynorr
was chosen to exercise the same office.

Ruddall was chosen to the office of Constable of the Tower,
at the same feast ; and if he refuse, etc., then Tredennek was
chosen to the same office ; and if he refuse, etc., then Serjaunt
was chosen to the same office, etc.

Saunders, Godericke and Etton were chosen to the office of
Masters of the Revels.



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1504-5] Minutes of Parliament. 11

It was agreed by the Company that Heyron and Stuckley,
because both of them refused to undertake the office of Marshal
at the feast of Christmas last past, as they were then chosen,
shall pay, and each of them shall pay, to the Company for a
fine, 100«., etc.

It was agreed by the Company that John Hasylwode, who
was chosen to the office of Butler at the feast of Christ-
mas last past, because he did not execute that office at the
feast of All Saints last past, shall pay to the Company for his
fine, 40s.

William Fetiplace was admitted as member, and is pardoned
keeping all his vacations, and occupying or exercising all and
all manner offices in this house ; and to be in commons and
out of commons at his liking, for a fine of 40s., which he paid
to John Muscote,* Treasurer, etc.

Giles Strangwis was admitted as member to the Masters'
commons, and is pardoned keeping all his vacations, and
exercising all and all manner offices; and to be in commons
and out of commons at his liking, for a fine of 405. for which
Mordaunt was surety,t and afterwards he paid it to Muscote,
Treasurer, etc.

Edmund Mervyn was admitted as member, generally.

More and Seynt Jermyn are appointed auditors to calculate
commons unpaid and apparels.

Fitz James and William Mordaunt are appointed auditors
for Master Brok, late Treasurer, to audit his account of the
last three years.

It was agreed by the Company that Opy should show the
record of his fine formerly made for all offices, if such there be,
and how and to whom he paid that fine, etc.

At a Parliament holden on Tuesday next before the Feast of
the Purification of the Blessed Mary (28 Jan.), 20 Hen. YII.,
after the Conquest.}

At this Parliament it was agreed by the Company that
Nicollys, because he had refused the office of Steward at the
feast of Christmas last past, should take upon himself the same

^ He was treasurer two years. No note previously of his appointment.
He is mentioned several times as receiving fines.

t .V, for Manuc^H^ MS.

X This phrase was used with the Edwards, as there were kings of that
name before the Norman conquest, but is out of place with the Henrys.



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12 Middle Temple Eecords. [1605

office at the next feast of Christmas, on pain of forfeiting
double the penalty of old time imposed and accustomed for
that office.

And that Langston, because he refused the office of Marshal
at the feast of Christmas last past, shall pay to the Company



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