England. (Parish) Calverley.

The registers of the parish church of Calverley, in the West Riding of the County of York : with a description of the church, and a sketch of its history ... (Volume 2) online

. (page 1 of 21)
Online LibraryEngland. (Parish) CalverleyThe registers of the parish church of Calverley, in the West Riding of the County of York : with a description of the church, and a sketch of its history ... (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 21)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


LIBRARY
Brigham Young University

GIFT OF

Jerry D. Vrells



««^§*'



m Sltfil.



Date






arJ



•V<='%oo^®^



0- "^ ^^



IN THE PRESS.

Price to Suhscrihers^ ^s. ; to non-Subscribers^ 45-.

THE REGISTERS

OF

1681—1720;

EDITED BY

Samuel Margerison.

The Volume will be illustrated and indexed, and will

contain about 200 Crown 8vo pages.

A List of additional Subscribers ^vill be given.



Just Published, Cr. 8vo, 212 and 264 pp., price 4s. each,

THE REGISTERS

OF

(Jalltippllpfi JPari^J^SuPri'^oI^* i(l\U

1574—1650, 1650—1680.

With a Sketch of the History of the Church.
Illustrated and indexed.



OPINIONS OF THE PRESS.

"The Registers of Calverley commence in 1574, and the present

volume gives their contents to 1649. They appear to have been carefully
transcribed and printed, and are rendered easy of reference by a good
index. More than this, it is unnecessary to say of them, but our
obligation to their editor does not end here, he has not only given us a
copy of the Registers, but has supplemented them by a mass of useful
and well digested information relating to the parish. His notes on
Calverley Church, its ancient Memorial Cross Slabs, the Living, and
Testamentary Burials from Torre's MSS., form an instructive chapter

for those whose tastes are general instead of genealogical The

" Register of Seats," and additional notes, especially those from the
Bradford Registers, are a most useful conclusion to the volume. We
cordially recommend Mr. Margerison's book to our readers, and hope
that it will meet with sufficient encouragement to enable him to complete
his valuable undertaking." — The Genealogist, January^ 1881.



" Mr. Samuel Margerison has set a praiseworthy example in showing
what a good piece of work may be done by a little private enterprise.
He has printed entire the first volume of the Calverley Registers,
extending from 1574 to 1649, in a neat and compact volume, which also
includes an interesting history of the church and its mcumbents, and is
illustrated by several engravings ; and he has been able to place it in
the hands of his subscribers at an absurdly small price. That it is no
trifling matter may be gathered from the fact that the register entries

alone are over 4,500 in number The book is nicely printed and

bound, and has an excellent index. We have nothing but words of
praise for Mr. Margerison." — Notes and Queries^ Nov. l^th^ 1 880.

" Mr. S, Margerison has done good service to the historian of Yorkshire,
at the least, by taking up and executing as private individual, the task
which the Harleian Society has undertaken in London, by publishing
the registers of the extensive parish of Calverley, near Leeds. He has
thus brought to light and put on record many curious facts relating to
Yorkshire families."— The Antiquary^ Dec.., 1880.

" Mr. Margerison, by his publication of the present substantial
instalment of the registers of Calverley Parish Church, has rendered
invaluable service not only to local antiquarians, but to all those
interested in local family history. The Calverley registers have long
been regarded has a rich repository of information concerning families
resident in the parish of Calverley, which includes beside the ancient
village of that name, Pudsey, Farsley, Bolton, Idle, and Windhill ; but
the labour of research, as is the case with all similar records, is such as
to render them accessible only to those who are possessed of much

patience, perseverance, and special aptitude for the study The

book is well printed, and is enriched with a view of the church, and
engravings of the ancient memorial cross slabs found during the
restoration of the church in 1870." — Bradford Observer., Nov. 27///, 1880.

"The publication of the Registers of Calverley Parish Church is a

matter of great local interest (The first volume) has been printed

in its entirety. It is as complete as it has been possible to make it

all that remains having been faithfully reproduced." — Leeds

Mercury^ 26th Jan.., 1881.

" This is a little volume which contains, besides the names and dates
taken from the Parish Registers, a sketch of the history of the church,

and a clearly engraved view of the church and adjoining grounds."

— Yorkshire Post., l<^th Jan.., 1 881.

" We observe that the first volume of the " Parish Registers of
Calverley " has just been published, with a description of the church

and a sketch of its history prior to 1650 It possesses more than

ordinary interest. On every page are the names of the forefathers of

many of the families in the parish at the present day The volume

is enriched with numerous notes scattered through its pages, which add
to its value. Altogether the publication reflects greac credit upon
Mr. Margerison. It is neatly printed and appropriately bound, and is
published at a very cheap price." — Piidsev and Stanmngley News., if^th
Not'., 1880.

Address :~SamL Margerison, Calverley, nr. Leeds.



^■%cyil;!\




Lb

.C35x

i/^ 2L the

KEQISTEES

OP THE

PARISH CHUECH OF CALYERLEY,

IN THE VVEST-KIDING OF THE COUNTY OP YOEK,

WITH A

DESCEIPTION OF THE CHURCH,



SKETCH OF ITS HISTORY,



SAMUEL MAEGEEISON.

QENCALOGIC^ SQC teTY



yoLUM^mJuAJi^s^'Wr psrww^



BRADFORD :

G. F. SEWELL, PRINTER, DARLEY STREET.

1883.



TfAROLD B. tm tmrCKKT

. .^^AM YOUNG UNIVERSITY
PROVO, UTAH



^0 if)c f)ononxeb ^Tcmors

ai tie
^Pastor aittJ jFtienti of mg earig s^arg,

from 18^5 to 1876,

^icar of ^alvcxlcQ.



ADDITION AND CORRECTION.

P. 30, 9th line from bottom, after "Leeds," read " On "Wednesday
evening, August 10th, the Rev. Canon Bard.sley, M.A., Rector of St.
Ann's, Manchester, occupied the pulpit. On the Sunday following,
August 14th, the Rev. John Ellison, M.A., Vicar of Sowerby Bridge,
preached in the morning, and in the evening the Venerable Arch-
deacon Musgrave, D.D., Vicar of Halifax and Archdeacon of Craven,
preached. This was the last of the series of opening services."

P. 66, 9th line from bottom, for " Rucke," read " Bucke."



(J)reface,




J'^OME unavoidable delay has taken place in the
publication of this second volume, for which I
can but apologise, and plead that the Notes

would have been less numerous had the volume passed

sooner through the press.

As regards the interesting topic of the poet Longfellow,
and his alleged connection with this district, I confess to
feeling considerable doubts as to the precise point at which
his branch left the parent stock and settled in America, and
should thankfully receive corrections of, and additions to,
my present information.

I have to thank the Rev. C. B. NorcliflPe, M.A., of Lang-
ton, for reading the proof-sheets, and correcting some errors.
And 1 am sure my readers will join with me in tendering
cordial thanks to the Deputy Registrar of the Diocese of
York, H. A. Hudson, Esq., for allowing me to make so
many notes from the ancient Wills which still remain in his
custody. I have also to thank several other gentlemen for
useful information. They will find their kindness acknow-
ledged in each particular instance.

S. M.
Calverleij, August, 1883.



]lt$t nl %Wtiimnl ^nhmih^^.



Ackroyd, Wm. Junr,, Final Royd. Birkenshaw. via Leeds.
Adams, Nelson D., General Land Office, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
Adshead, G. H., Fern Villas, 94, Bolton Road, Pendleton.
Aldam, William, Frickley Hall, nr. Doncaster.
Ambler, Miss M. J., St. Nicholas' Street, Scarborough.
Anderson, Rev. S. R., B.A., The Vicarage, Otley.
Armytage, Capt. G., Governor, H.M. Prison, Wakefield.
Atkinson, D.H., 2. Albert Avenue, Starbeck. Harrogate.
Altree, F. W. T., R.E., Springfield House, Worthing, Sussex.
Avison, Fred, Howley View, Batley.

Balme, Matthew, Blake Hill Cottage, Idle, Bradford.

Barrans, Christopher, Thornburj, Bradford.

Beaumont, Mrs., York Place, Knaresbro.

Beecroft, William, East Grove, Keighley.

Beedham, B. H., Ashfield House, nr. Kimbolton.

Bern rose & Sons, Irongate, Derby.

Bethel), W., Rise Park, Hull.

Beverley, Albert. Westfield Grove, Wakefield.

Blacker, Rev. B. H., M.A., 26, Meridian Place, Clifton, Bristol.

Bland, Benj., Ashfield, Idle, Leeds.

Booth, Jas., Lee Mills, Halifax.

Bostock, Robert C, Little Langtons, Lower Camden, Chiselhurst, Kent.

Brooke-Hunt, A. E., Peers Court, Dursley, Gloucestershire.

Brown, Robt., Jun., F.S.A., Priestgate House, Barton-on-Humber.

Brown, Saml. Jas., J. P., Lofftuss Hill, Knaresbro.

Boyle, Edmund M., 14, Hill St., Berkeley Square, London, W.

Bulmer, Mrs., Blenheim Lodge, Leeds.

Calverley, Mrs. Charles Stuart, 17, Devonshire Terrace, Hyde Park,

London.
Calverley, George, 1, East Arbour Street, Stepney, London, E.
Calverley, Rev. W. S., Dearham Vicarage, nr. Carlisle.
Catty, A. B., B.A., Military College, Oxford.
Caverly, Robert B., Lowell, Mass., U.S.A.
Cawthra, H., Rothesay House, 91, Ladbrooke Grove, Netting Hill,

London, W.
Clark, Geo. T., F.S.A., Dowlais House, Dowlais.
Cleveland, Rev. W. H.. Gateforth Vicarage, Selby.
Cliff, John, Limeburn, Ilkley, Leeds.



LIST OF ADDITIONAL SUBSCRIBERS. VU.

Cobley, F., Otley.

Cordingley, John R., 10, Melbourne Place, Bradford.

Daniel-Tysson, John Eobert, F.S.A., 9, Lower Rock Gardens, Brighton.
Darnborough, Rev. J. W., South Otterington Rectory, Thirsk.
Dowman, R., 29, Shakespare St., Ardwick, Manchester.
Downing, \Vm., Springfield House, Olton, Acocks Green, Birmingham.

Elwes, D. G. Carey, F.S.A., 5, The Crescent, Bedford.

Emsley, Thos., The Grange, Burley-in- Wharf edale.

Faber, E. B., Old Bank, Leeds.

Fairbank, F. Royston, M.D., Doncaster.

Farsley Mechanics' Institute.

Ford, J., Shaw Lane, Headingley, Leeds.

Foster, Jos., 21, Boundary Road, St. John's Wood, London, N.W.

Galloway, Fred F., Greengates, Leeds.

Gannon, Jas., Guildhall, London, E.C.

Gaunt, Joseph, Bradford Road, Stanningley, Leeds.

Gaunt, Leonard, Springwood, Farsley, Leeds.

Gastrill, F. & Son, 3, Montpellier Exchange, Cheltenham.

Glasscock, J. L., Jun., Hadham Road, Bishop's Stortford.

Gray, Hen., Antiquarian and Topographical Bookseller, 25, Cathedral

Yard, Manchester.
Gray, William, Wellroyd, Rawdon.

Green, Jos. J., Stansted Mountfitchet, Bishop's Stortford.
Greenwell, Rev. N., St. Barnabas' Vicarage, Holbeck, Leeds.

Hainsworth, Miss Clara, Bramley, Leeds.

Hanby, Richard, Chetham's Library, Hunt's Bank, Manchester.

Hanson, George, Free Public Library, Rochdale.

Hawking, Samuel, Thornhill Drive, Apperley Bridge, Leeds.

Hervey, Sydenham H, A., Wedmore Vicarage, Weston-s.-Mare,

Somerset.
Horsfall, John, Hillary House, Leeds,
Hovenden, R., Heathcote, Park Hill Road, Croydon.
Hulbert, Rev. Canon C. A.. Almondbury Vicarage, Huddersfield.

Illingworth, Booth, 1, St. Jude's Place, Manningham Lane, Bradford.

Jackson, Rev. F. W., M.A., Bolton Percy, Yorkshire.
Jackson, Wm. F. Marsh, Smethwick, Staffordshire.
Jepson, E. G., 87, Basinghall Street, Leeds.

Kemeys-Tynte, St. David, Balnageith, Torquay, Devon.

Leather, J. Towlerton, J.P., D.L., F.S.A., Leventhorpe Hall, Leeds.

Lister. John, Shibden Hall, Halifax.

Lobley, Rev. J., Green Mount Villa, Holbeck, Leeds.

Mac Alister, J. Y. W., Leeds Library.
Maw, W., Infirmary, Bradford,



Viii. LIST OF ADDITIONAL SUBSCRIBERS.

IMitchell, Jas. W., Rothesay Herald, South Molton, Devon.
Mitchell & Hughes, 140, Wardour St., London, W.
Mossman, W., Woodhall, Calverley, Leeds.

Noble, T. C, 110, Greenwood Road, Dalston, London, E.

Parker, Capt., Carr Lodge, Horbury, Wakefield.
Petty, Lister, 8, Ashgrove, Harrogate.

Raine, Rev. Canon J., D.C.L., M.A., Petergate House, York.

Raines, J. R., Burton Pidsea, Hull.

Rhodes, John, J. P., Potternewton House, Leeds.

Salt, Edward, Ferniehurst, Shipley.

Slingsby, F. Wm., 6, Piccadilly, Bradford.

Stanhope, Alfred, Calverley, Leeds.

Stanning, Rev. J. H., Leigh Vicarage, Lancashire.

Stephenson, Mill, Molescroft Cottage, Beverley.

Stowell, Rev. H. A., Breadsall Rectory, Derby.

Stubbs, William, M.A., Regius Professor of History, Kettel Hall,

Oxford.
Swaine, F., Calverley, Leeds.
Svvaine, H,, Calverley, Leeds.
Swithenbank, Geo. E., LL.D., F.S.A., Ormleigh, Anerley Park, Surrey.

Thorp, Rev. Wm.. B.D., Golborne, Newton -le- Willows, Lancashire.
Trevelyan, Rev. W. V., Calverton Rectory, Stony Stratford.

Wagner, Hy., 13, Half Moon St., Piccadilly, London, W.
Waugh, Edwin, Kersal Hotel, Manchester.
Weatherill, H., Fulford Road, York.
Wheater, Wm., 28, Albion St., Leeds.
White, Capt. E. A., F.S.A., Old Elvet, Durham.
Whittemore, B.B., Nashua, New Hampshire, U.S.A.
Wilson, Rev. Edw. S., Winterton Vicarage, Brigg.
Wilson, John, Bookseller, Bramley, Leeds.
Woodhead, Jos,, Calverley, Leeds.



M^ttti^ <Cpurcp»




URING- the period which elapsed from the middle
of the 17th, almost to the middle of the present
century, there is not much to be gleaned relating
to Calverley Church, from anything but the churchwardens'
accounts, and documents relating to tithes. There was very
little church-building done anywhere during that time, and
the few specimens of sacred architecture belonging to the
period, which we possess, do not make us long for more.

For some time, the standard of natural taste —in matters
architectural especially — had been much debased, and our
beautiful Gothic buildings had consequently been sorely
neglected. During the five previous centuries. Englishmen
had been the means of erecting and enlarging a vast number
of churches, the glory of which has never since been
equalled. Afterwards, the rule would seem to have been
rather to mar as much as possible, the studious and graceful
work of early church builders, than to carry it on. In the
churchwardens' accounts, we repeatedly find mention of
sums paid for such tasteless acts as plastering and white-
washing the walls, which were meant to be left bare ; cover-
ing up with hideous ceilings the grand old open oak roofs,
painting the oak wood-work, stripping the lead from the
roofs ; erecting galleries .; blocking up arches ; and, under the
pretext of " beautifying," altogether destroying the graceful
and elaborate features of our churches.

The old church at Calverley did not escape. Instances
of this will be seen further on. Perhaps one or two may be
pointed out here. In 1773, the nave roof was altered, and
it was most probably at this date that it was lowered several

A



2 CALVERLET CHURCH.

feet below its original pitch, (to which it is now restored,)
and slated, in lieu of the old lead covering. No mention is
made of how the money which the alteration cost was
raised — the lead would amply repay that. The ceilings are
often mentioned in the church accounts. About the same
time as the roof was tampered with, the church was under-
drawn, plastered, and whitewashed, at a cost of £8. In 1 870,
the nave pillars were found to have been whitewashed,
plastered, then whitewashed again, painted like marble,
coloured yellow, then drab, and lastly, (though built of
stone,) painted " stone-colour" ! The ancient oak font-
cover had been painted to imitate oak. The stone-work
did not escape. The tracery of the clerestory windows had
been roughly hewn away, and several other atrocities
committed.

The Yicarof Calverley in 1650, was Richard Waugh. It
seems that his reputation was satisfactory to the Commis-
sioners appointed by the Commonwealth Government, as, in
the report made by them, he is described as " an able,
constant preacher," a character which stands in bold con-
trast to those given of some of the clergymen of the day.
An abstract of the report is now in the British Museum
{Lansdowne MSS. 459, &c.). It was taken about 1654,
in order to make way for giving effect to an Act passed for
ejecting so-called " scandalous, ignorant, and insufficient"
ministers. The following is an extract of the part relating
to Calverley parish : —



Village.


Rectory.


Character of Incumbent, &c.


Calverley.


Possession, Mr. Hen-


Mr, Richard Waugh. an able




ry Savill.


constant preacher, is Vicar.
Patron, late King.


Pudsey.


Chapel to Calverley.


Incumbent. Mr. Elkana




2 miles distant.


Walles, a grave and fre-




Chapellry — Bene-


quent preacher.




volence of the Peo-






ple, only 10 : 00 : 00






after Mr. Waugh's






decease.




Idle.


Chapel to above, 1


Mr. Bell. No preaching




mile and \ distant.


minister.




('liapellry— Benev-






olence of the people





HISTORY OF THE CHURCH. 3

The following^ letter from Richard Waugh to Henry Cal-
verley, lord of the manor of Calverley, is of great interest.
The spelling is printed as in the original, but the punctu-
ation is inserted.

" For the Right Worshipful! Henerv Calverley, Esq., this.
Sr.,
My service remembered, &c. — I have written 3 or 4 letters, sent
you by severall cariers, but receiued no answeare. It may be they
miscarred. Therefore, now haveing opportunity to send by your son,
I am bold to certify you that seing Edw. Harrison flitts* out of Cal-
verly, a frend of myne desires to be your tenant in Calverley at 101.
or 16^. p. ann.. he is an excellent blacksmith, versed in horse-shoeing,

& locks making, and hath an estate of 2001. in money and

goods, as he informs me. I desire you to entertain him ; he is able
to pay his rent, and fyne also, if you please soe to let your land.
Here are great braggs concerning a new lord of Pudsey. but made in
cupps : I hope you will not pull that flower out of your garland,

haveing means and ways to raise 12()0Z. by woods and or fines

in letting ,your lands : or if you resolved to part with it, yet not for
1200Z. You may have 600Z. more for it. 1 heard Lumley say he durst
undertake it. Pardon my boldness. I hope you will not let Dick-
sonf goe away with the profits of the lands, but make the best of an
ill match. I was with Collonell Ashton the elder, & Sr. Jo. Kay, who
both of them remembered you in a cupp of wine. They were sorry
you did not compound sooner, especially Sir Jo. Kay, seeing (said
he) he must nede be one of us against his will. Mr. Charles Fairfax

continues Collonell. I pray God, whilst he has not beene

fighting which he not lost some litle of thatlitle goodness he

had, he has gott pride and 2 that Richard 2 daughters (?) & its

reported, though my Lord Savil be Baron of Pontefract, yet Mr. Ch.
shall have K. Charles his parke there. Your f rends are in health,
and all do wish the continuance of yours. And I myself complain of
the want of your presence, & my losse by your too long absence.
Sectaries increase dayly ; never more preaching, nor lesse practiceinge.
Many of the ministers Mrs differ not in opinion from a pore (?) cav-
alier priest, especially in the slaughter of our never to be forgotten
pious K. Charles ; but they that tyed his hands are in noe better
condition than his condemners & executioners. It seems jealousyg
are not dead, but burning, because of quartering soldiers here in
market townes ; supposed to be a way to prevent insurrections, but
qvcs supra nos ; nihil ad nos. Thus, with my hearty prayers for the
continuance of God's special blessing and mercys upon the head of
your selfe and yours, I comend you to God's grace, and remaine

Yours to be commanded ever, in what I can pleasure you.

this 24th of June (1649 or 1650. S.M.) Ric. Waugh.""

—Add. MSS. 27,411, art. 102.

» Flitts— removes. Still a common word in the district.

t Nathan Dixon was tenant of Calverley under the Committee for Compounding for
Sequestered Estates, and he received the rents in this capacity in lti49. See Add. MS.
27, 411, arts. 98 and 99.



4 CALVERLEY CHURCH.

The letter seems to have been written to Henry Calverley
when he was in London, trying to come to a settlement with
the Commissioners of Sequestrated Estates. He had been
forced to pay a very large fine as a composition to save his
lands, or rather some of them. It is said he had to sell
Seacroft to help himself out of his diflBculties, but I have
seen no documentary evidence of it. This was in conse-
quence of his loyalty to the king during the late civil wars.*

The " new Lord of Pudsey," concerning whom there were
such " great braggs," was most probably Tempest Milner,
to whom Henry Calverley sold Pudsey in 1649, but re-pur-
chased it. He again sold it to Robert Milner, Tempest's
brother, in 1663.

Richard Waugh was followed in the vicarage by Benja-
min Sandall, a native of Idle, in Calverley parish, who was
appointed by Charles II.

During the next two years, the churchwardens' expendi-
ture rose from its usual average of £5 or £6, to £10 lis.
4d., and £17 5s. lid., respectively. Probably this was
owing to alterations and repairs necessitated by the neglect
and ill-usage of the fabricf during the Commonwealth, and
by setting up the King's Arms, renewing the Commnniou
rails, purchasing a new Bible and the Book of Common
Prayer ; which the Archdeacon would order, unless his
commands had been anticipated.

The parliamentary soldiers are said to have made the

* See " A Yorkshire Boyalist Squire ; Incidents in the Life of
Henry Calverley, of Calverley, JEsq.,^^ in the Bradford Antiquary,
part 2, 1882.

f The monuments and tombstones, dating from the 16th century
backwards, generally had brass plates let into them recording the
name of the deceased. Often they had engraved upon them figures
representing the deceased, sometimes with his family, and over all
would be some such device or ejaculation, as " Orate pro anima,"
" R. I. P." &c. When the Puritans were in the ascendant, these were
among the things which they destroyed. One of the chief of these
vandals, VVm. Dowsing, "by virtue of a pretended commission," went
about the country, (i.e. Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire,) says
a contemporary account, " like a bedlam, breaking glasse windows,
having battered and broken down all our painted glasse, not only in
our Chappells but (contrary to order) in our Public Schools, College
Halls, Libraries, and Chambers, mistaking, perhaps, the liberall arts
for Saints." — Querela Cantahrigiensis. quoted in Burn's Hist. Par.
y.V//.. 2d.(td.. p. 101.



HISTORY OF THE CHURCH. 5

churches serve them as lodging-houses and sfcables ; and it is
quite within the limits of possibility that they did so at
Calverley ; for we have proof in an old MS. account, preserved
in the British Museum (see Additmial Notes, p. 199), that
bodies of troops, under the command of Lord Fairfax, Colonel
Cromwell, Lord Balcarris, &c., were billetted at Calverley,
some of which were too numerous to be accommodated by the
ordinary resources of the village at that time. What more
natural than that they should shelter in the church !

We have seen how the Puritans made a pretty clean sweep
of the stained glass and similar " abominations" throughout
the country. We must now speak of a system which it is to
be hoped the ecclesiologists of the present day may be equally
successful in demolishing — that is the petu system. Many
people will remember the day, quite recent, when a great
variety of pews existed in Calverley Church. Though we
did not possess a *' conservatory pew," that is, one with a
glazed roof, as there used to be in some churches ; yet we had
several specimens of the " family pew," one of which bore
undoubted testimony, in the shape of a soot-grimed wall
(under the plaster) of having once possessed a stove or fire-
place. We had some " high" pews with brass rods and
crimson curtains, where many a novel has been read during
service time. But this is all altered, so far as our church is
concerned. There are now none but open seats ; one place
is as good as another, and there can be no emulation for the
" chief seats in the synagogue." There is hardly any doubt
that seats have been used in English churches since the
earliest Christian days, the Anglo-Saxons in their illuminated
MSS., sometimes representing congregations seated on low
moveable stools. Then, right away to the seventeenth cen-
tury a chain of evidence exists shewing that seats, at first
moveable, and then fixed, were used in churches, but it is
not until we come to the latter part of the 15th century that
*• pews," in our sense of the term, are to be found.* But

* The earliest reference to pew-rents thai I have seen is in a
privately printed pamphlet, "A Caxton Memorial: Extracts from
the Churchwardens' Accounts of the Parish of St. Margaret, West-
minster," (kc. Mr. T. C. Noble there saj's that pew-rents were in
existence at St. Margaret's in 1478, in which year twenty were col-
lected, and in 1480, forty-three.


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Online LibraryEngland. (Parish) CalverleyThe registers of the parish church of Calverley, in the West Riding of the County of York : with a description of the church, and a sketch of its history ... (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 21)