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Admission registers of St. Paul's school, from 1748 to 1876 online

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL
3ENJEALOCY COLLECT^eN



COUNTY PUBLIC UBRARY




3 1 833 00859 4092



i



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/admissionregisteOOstpa



Eonlron .•

R. Clay, Sons, akd Taylor,

BREAD STREET HILL.




U{rv.!<2^:a^?^si^ch^5X*i!^'^



THE



ADMISSION REGISTERS OF-

ST. PAUL'S SCHOOL ,

from 1748 to 1876. '

EDITED, WITH BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES



NOTES ON THE EARLIER MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE SCHOOL,
FROM THE TIME OF ITS FOUNDATION,

By rev. ROBERT BARLOW GARDINER, M.A.,

Fourth blaster,

FORMERLY EXUIBITIONER OF ST. PAUL's SCHOOL, AND SCHOLAR OF WADHAM
COLLEGE, OXFORD.

WITH APPENDICES.




GEORGE BELL AND SONS,

YORK STREET, COVENT GARDEN.
1884.



I836£05



^0 the Memotu of

JOHN COLET

A FOUNDER

AS FAR-SIGHTED AS HE WAS GENEROUS,

A PRIEST

AS LIBERAL AS HE WAS DEVOUT,

A MAN
AS LOVEABLE AS HE WAS LOVING,

BY ONE WHO OWES ALL TO HIS MUNIFICENCE.



" A most far-sighted man, Colet saw that a nation's chief hope lay in
having the rising generation trained in good principles."

Erasmus' Letter to Justus Jonas (Lupton's
Translation, page 28).

" Even so with regard to a man's last will and testament, which lawyers
call a just decision about what we should wish to have done after our
death. In this case also we may say that it is not broken or infringed
from having a better development given it after the testator's death by
some godly man ; and from more good being done by a better will than
the dying man could have wished for. To act thus is not to infringe but
to perfect a will : it is not to do away with it but to establish it.
We believe that the testator also wished for what was best and most
acceptable to God : and that when he died he was minded to have
that last will of his made perfect in a better will if any such there
should be."

Colet's Ex2?osition of St. PauVs Epistle to
the Romans, Ch. iii.

" From numbers of the tenets most generally received in the public
schools {i.e. at the Universities) at the present day he widely dissented,
and would at times discuss them among his private friends. When with
others, he would keep his opinions to himself, for fear of coming to harm
in two ways, that is to say, only making matters worse by his efforts, and
sacrificing his own reputation."

Erasmus' Letter to Justus Jonas (Lupton's
Translation, page 38).

" Wherefore I pray you al lytel babys and lytel children lerne gladly
this lytel treatise and commende it dylygently unto your memoryes.
Trustynge of this begynnynge ye shall procede and grow to parfyt
lyterature and come at the last to be grete clarkes. And lyfte up your
lytel whyte handes for me whiche prayeth for you to God."

Colet's " Lytell prohem6 " to his Accidence.



PREFACE.



Brother Paulines,

I commend to your charity this my effort
to perpetuate the records of our School,

In the year 1878 the present High Master suggested
to me that it was desirable that the records of St. Paul's
School should be published. After some consideration
and with much diffidence I undertook to collect some
materials for such a work, trusting that if our School
could not again produce a Leland, a Camden, or a Strype,
there might yet be found a Gale, a Knight, or a Fosbrooke
to whose antiquarian zeal and learned leisure I might
commit my collections.

It was thought however that the approaching crisis
in our School's history would justify the publication of
its records, and so 1 venture to intrust to your kindness
the results of my work, undertaken in the leisure of a
Schoolmaster. I am sensible that another ten years' labour
would still have left the work imperfect, but I hope
that the interest of the present juncture will excuse its
production.

Originally it was only intended to publish the
Captains' Registers (1806 — 1876) preserved in the School
Library : to these after some consideration I resolved to
prefix the Register of Names, dating from 1751, collected
by Dr. Kynaston from the Presentations ; together with



PREFACE.



the names of sucli earlier Paulines as were found in
Kniglit's Life of Colet and other works.

The work was almost completed in this form when,
by the kindness of the Mercers' Company, I obtained
access to the Eecords of Admissions preserved in com-
pleteness at their Hall from 1748. This obliged me to
rewrite the work from 1748 to 1806, and shortly after-
wards I received information from other books in their
possession, from which I collected the greater part of
the facts which fill the first eighty pages of this book : my
previous notes therefore on early Paulines had to be
fitted in to this new matter. Let this rewriting be
pleaded as an excuse for any inconsistencies which may
be discovered between the earlier and later portions of
the work.

In compiling the notes I have asked for help far
and wide, and I beg to tender my thanks to all who
have kindly furnished me with information. Above all,
my thanks are due to the Court of the Mercers' Company,
not only for their permission to use their Eecords, but
also for the generosity which enabled me to send the
book to the press, and which embellished it with its
frontispiece.

My thanks are also due to the present High Master
for the interest which he has taken in the work, and the
encouragement which he has given me to persevere in
it ; to the Eev. J. H. Lupton, Surmaster, not only for
contributing one of the Appendices from his store of
Coletine learning, but also for his kindness in reading
proofs and suggesting sources of information ; to John
Watnev, Esq., Clerk to the Mercers' Company, for
assisting me in one of the Appendices, and for his
unfailing readiness to help me in all matters of detail ;
to tlie authorities of the British Museum, to whose care



PREFACE.



I was committed by J. Winter Jones, Esq. (O.P.), late
principal Librarian, especially Edward Scott, Esq., Dorset
EccLES, Esq. (O.P.), and Freeman Donoghue, Esq. ; to
the Bursars and Librarians of the Colleges at Oxford and
Cambridge, who have been most kind in furnishing in-
formation, especially W. Aldis Wright, Esq., Bursar of
Trinity College, Cambridge, to whose labours I owe the
list of Perry Exhibitioners ; to Sir Albert Woods, Garter
King-at-Arms ; to J. E. Gardner, Esq., and Eev. C. J.
Eobinson, the Editor of the Merchant Taylors' Eegisters.
To these I must add the names of R. Harris, Esq.,
whose drawing of the exterior of the School is here re-
produced ; Samuel A. Walker, Esq. (O.P.), who presented
his photographs to the work ; and John B. Chubb, Esq.,
who assisted me in the plans upon which the Appendix
on the Site and Buildings is based ; the printing and
publication of the work have also been kindly under-
taken by Old Paulines.

To conclude, while I regret the scantiness of our
early records, I hope that I have collected sufficient to
show how Colet's scholars have endeavoured to fulfil their
daily prayer " ut bene pieque eruditi Ecclesise et Kei-
publicae tandem utiles evadamus," and venture to express
my belief that the -generation o/ Paulines among whom
this work is published will find in it a reason for
strenuous efi'ort to maintain the glory of their School,
and while cheerfully accepting in the true spirit of their
Founder such changes as are demanded in a course of
nearly four centuries, will take care that, there shall be
no break in its career of producing "men qualified to
serve God in Church and State."

ROBERT B. GARDINER.

St. Paul's School,
Jpril, 1884.



PLAN OF THE WORK.



After the Introduction and tlie Fasti, the work is divided into
Sections, according to the reign of each High Master.

The name of the High Master is followed by that of his Surmasters
and other Assistants : then come the names of his reputed scholars.
These are arranged as far as possible in chronological order, their
position being determined more or less conjecturally from the date of
birth or of admission to the University, Thus up to the year 1748
each High Master is credited with the boys who left the School under
his Mastership, but from the commencement of the Registers he is
credited with the boys whom he admitted.

Several times it has been necessary to insert lists of the names of
those who are known to have been at the School before a certain
period, but as to whose exact date it has been impossible to obtain a
clue. The names also of pupils who are known to have been at the
School under a certain High Master, but whose relative date is
uncertain, will be found at the end of his reign.



Note that curious instances of mis-spelling have been generally
preserved, such as BayHall (Balliol), Woodham (Wadham), Polls
(Paul's), but ordinary errors have been corrected without notice.



I desire to call particular attention to the use which I have made
of two MSS. at the British Museum. (1) Additional 5885. A tran-
script of the list of all the Bachelors of Arts graduated at Cambridge
from A.D. 1500 to A.D. 1716, in the collection of Mr. Cole. (2) Ad-
ditional 19209 and 19210. Graduati Cantabrigienses, 1659—1823,
with MS. additions, by D. E. Davy.



The School Arms are blazoned — sable, on a chevron between

three hinds trippant argent as many annulets of the first, for

Cold — whence the School colours, sable and argent or black
and white.



THE ILLUSTRATIONS.



A Facsimile of the Cover of the Statutes of the School,
preserved at Mercers' Hall Frontispiece.

Presented to this work by the Court of the Mercers' Company.

This cover was painted in 1585 by an artist named Segar (see
Fasti). It reproduces to a certain extent the monument of
the Founder in St. Paul's Cathedral : but the artist has
inserted a portrait of the Dean instead of the Bust ; a true
representation of the monument may be seen in Dugdale's
St. Paul's (1656), and Knight's Life of Colct ; but this
picture retains one peculiarity of the Bust which disappears
in the engraving, namely, the finger holding the pen: of
this fact we are assured in spite of the engravings from the
following entries in the Accounts 1588—89, " for mending
the pen and new-making the finger and hand of Mr. Colet's
tomb, twice, iiis. vijd.," and again 1632-33, "to Edmund
Kinsman for making a new finger of stone for the Statue of
Dr. Colet in St. Paul's Cathedral, xs." On this tomb the
Mercers' Company spent a large sum for marbles, &c., in
1575—76, and they again rej)aired it in 1617—18 at the
cost of XX lib. viijs. iid.^

A Facsimile of the Portrait of Colet attributed to Holbein,
from the Queen's Library at Windsor To face 'page 1.

N.B. — Colet died in 1519, and Holbein first visited England in 1525.

1 This Monument perished in the Fiie, the publication of this Facsimile will

and Colet has now no monument in the stimulate Paulines to fresh efforts to place

Cathedral. A Fund which was originated in the Cathedral a monument worthy of

by the late Dr. Kynaston with a view to our Founder. The Trustees of the Fund are

piaiing a memorial of the Founder in St. Baron Pollock and J. A. Kingdon, I'^sq. ;

Paul's Cathedral now amounts to £200 ; the Hon. Sees, the Rev. F. "Wallis, of

but double this sum is ref^uired before Caius College, Cambridge, and the Editor.
auj-thiug cau be douc. It is hoped that



THE ILLUSTRATIONS.



A View of the Exteriok of the Present School.

To face page 251.
Drawn for this work by R. Harris, Esq., Art Master of
St, Paul's School, and photographed by Samuel A. Walker,
Esq. (O.P.).i

A View of the Interior of the Present School.

To face page 299.
Photographed by Samuel A. Walker, Esq. (O.P.), and presented
to this work.

A Facsimile of Three Autographs of the Founder.

To face page 371.
From the MS. of the Statutes preserved at the British Museum,
(i.) " Joannes Colet fundator schole manu sua propria."
(ii.) Statuta Paulinae Scholse.

" hunc Libellu ego Joannes Colet tradidi in manubus
Magistrj Lilij xviij° die Junij a° x' MCCCCC
xviij ut eum in scola servet et observet."
(iii.) " Joannes Colett fundator Nove Scole
manu mea propria."

A Facsimile of the First Page of the Statutes, preserved at
Mercers' Hall with the autograph of the Founder.

To face page 375.
" Joannes Colet fundator scole manu sua ppria."
(For the rest see Appendix B — IL).

Four Plans To foUoio page 459.

(1) Supposed site of St. Paul's School, 1514.

Drawn from measurements by J. B. Chubb, Esq.

(2) Site of St. Paul's School, 1782.

From a plan in the Grace Collection, British Museum.

(3) Ground plan of the Second (1670) School.

Drawn in 1817.

(4) Ground plan of the Third (1824) School.

Drawn in 1873.
(3) and (4) are from plans furnished from the Surveyor's
Office of the Mercers' Company.

' lleprodnctions of the oiigiual drawing by photolithography cau be obtained at the
School (10 inches by 15).



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



Introduction ,



Fasti of the School



High Mastership of —

William Lily

John Eitwyse ....
Richard Jones ....
Thomas Freeman . . .

John Cook

William Malym . . .
John Harrison ....
Richard Mulcaster . .
Alexander Gill ....
Alexander Gill (Junior)
John Langley ....



PAOE

17
20
21
22
23
25
27
29
32
38
41



High Mastership of —

Samuel Cromleholine
Thomas Gale . . .
John Postlethwayte
Philip Ayscongh .
Benjamin Morland
Timothy Crumpe .
George Charles . .
George Thicknesse
Richard Roberts .
John Sleath . . .
Herbert Kynastou



1

7

49
55
65
71

78
80
81

84
143
250

298



APPENDICES.



APPENDIX A.

I. Colet's Conveyance of Estates in Bucks 371

IL Colet's Testament bestowing realty upon the Mercers' Company . . 372

• APPENDIX B.

I. Colefs Statutes 375

II. Amending Ordinances of 1602 388

APPENDIX C.

Surveyor-Accountants of St Paul's School 392

APPENDIX D.
Captains of St. Paul's School 397

APPENDIX E.

I. The Foundation of the School (Pauline) Exhibitions, with List of

Exhibitioners 398

II. Extract from liord Campden's Will fur the Foundation of Exhibitions,

with List of the Campden Exhibitioners 40G



xiv TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE

III. Foundation of Sir Robert Wood's Scholarship 411

IV. Extract from the Will of Rev. William Perry, with List of Perry-
Exhibitioners 411

V. Extract from the Will of Dr. Humphrey Gower, with List of Gower

Exhibitioners 415

VI. Extract from the Will of Rev. George Sykes, with List of Sykes

Exhibitioners 416

VII. Extract from the Will of Mr. John Stock, with List of Stock

Exhibitioners 418

VIII. Foundation of the Barnes Scholarsliip, with names of Scholars. . . 420

APPENDIX F.

I. Foundation of the Governors' Prizes for Composition (Latin and Greek
Verse, English Essay and Poem, French Prose), with List of
Winners 421

II. Foundation of the Sleath Prize (Latin Prose), with List of Winners . 427

III. Foundation of the Thruston Prize (Latin Verse), with List of

Winners 432

IV. & ) Foundation of the Truro (English Essay) and Milton (English Verse)
V. ^ Prizes, with Lists of Winners 433

VI. Foundation of the Keen Scholarship, with List of Scholars .... 438

VII. Foundation Deed of the Kynaston Prize, with Names of Winners . 439

VIII. Foundation Deed of the Bedford Prize, with Names of Winners . . 440

APPENDIX G.
Apposers of St Paul's School 441

APPENDIX H.

The School Feast 447-

APPENDIX I.
The School Library 451

APPENDIX K.

The Buildings and Site 454



Additions and Corrections 461 j j

General Index 465

Index of Names 467



Uhn Ctlet Dead OTIS' Pauls



4



P




' : 7



ST. PAUL'S SCHOOL.



INTEODUCTION.

About the close of the reign of Henry VII., John Colet, Dean of
St. Paul's, son of Sir Henry Colet, citizen and mercer, twice Lord
Mayor of London, commenced the work of educational reform in
t England by establishing a school in London, which, although originally
founded in honour of '' Christ Jesu in puo'icia, and of his blessyd
Mother Mary," soon became known (probably from the situation of its
buildings) as St. Paul's School. Colet, during his travels abroad,
had perceived the importance of the Revival of Learning, and desired
to equip the children of his own country to take their place by the
side of the learned men of other nations. He declared in his Statutes
(see Appendix B.) that he founded the School " for the children of all
nacions and countres indifferently," and that his intent was " to
increase knowledge and worshipping of God and our Lorde Crist
Jesu, and good Cristen lyfe and manors," a purpose which he
hoped to effect by encouraging the study of Greek (up to his time not
taught in England), and of clean and chaste Latin, in contrast to the
depraved Latin of the Schoolmen. " All the educational designs of
the Reformers of Learning were carried out in the new institution.
The old methods of instruction were superseded by fresh grammars
composed by Erasmus and other scholars for its use. Lily, an Oxford
student, who had studied Greek in the East, was placed at its head.
Not only did the study of Greek creep gradually into the schools
which existed, but the example of Colet was followed by a crowd
of imitators. More grammar schools, it has been said, were founded
in the latter years of Henry VIII. than in the three centviries before.
The grammar schools of Edward VI. and of Elizabeth, in a word, the
system of middle class education, which by the close of the century
had changed the very face of England, were the direct results of Colet's
foundation of St. Paul's."^

' Green's Sliort History of the English People.



INTRODUCTION.



I



THE BUILDINGS.

He placed his school on the site apparently of an older school
at the east end of St. Paul's Cathedral. In those days the
Cathedral, a magnificent structure in the Gothic style, stood within
a walled and gated inclosure : the busy traffic which now circles round
the Churchyard, passed through Old Change on the east, Carter Lane
on the south, Pater Noster Row on the north, and Creed Lane and
Ave Maria Lane on the west. We know but little of Colet's Building,
which was finished in 1510, except that Strype, who was educated in
the first and lived to see the second building, tells us, that after the Fire
the School "was built up again much after the same manner and
proportion it was before, together with the library and an house on
the south end thereof for the Second Master, whose dwelling before
and from the first founding of the School was in the Old Change
adjoining to the said School." The original building consisted
of four parts (as described by Erasmus), the first or porch for
catechumens ; a great schoolroom divided by a curtain ; and a little
chapel for divine service, together with chambers for the High
Master and Surmaster.

This building perished in the Fire of London (1666), and was
shortly replaced by another, which stood within the memory
of living Paulines. It consisted of a large schoolroom with a
flat roof, and at the end was a room (described as small and dark)
which served as a library. There was also a house at each end,
that on the north for the High Master, that on the south for the
Surmaster, while the Chaplain (or Usher) was provided with a
house in Old Change. The rearrangement of thoroughfares, which
brought the stream of traffic from east to west down Cheapside
through the Churchyard to Ludgate Hill, materially interfered with
the quiet and seclusion of the School. The building of 1670, in
spite of various repairs, was found to be in a dnngerous condition
in 1814 ; and on the occasion of the visit of the Allied Sovereigns to.
the city, its roof was supported with shores which were not subse-
quently removed till about 1823, when the Mercers' Company,
having acquired some additional ground to the North, proceeded to
pull down the old buildings and set up the present ones, con-
sisting of a large schoolroom over a cloister with two houses at
either end, whereby the Fourth Master, who had been added to
the teaching staff some twentv yenrs befor^o, and had hitherto had



INTRODUCTION.



an allowance for a house, acquired an official residence. The
whole School continued to be taught in one room till 1854,
when Dr. Kynaston, the High Master, who had long ceased to
take boarders, gave up to the School the boarding-rooms of his
house, whereby the size of the Library was doubled, so that it
could be used as the High Master's Class Room, and the Uj)per
Class Room was brought into use for the Fifth and Sixth Classes,
then taught by the Surmaster; subsequently also the Lower Class
Room was occupied by the Third Master.



THE GOVEENOKS,

Colet wisely intrusted the management of his new foundation to
the Mercers' Company, of which his father had been a member : and
under their care his school survived the storm of the Reformation,
wliich swept away so many endowments. For more than three
centuries and a half, under their careful and judicious government, the
School continued to fulfil the purpose of its founder, supplying men,
as this work I hope will prove, qualified to serve God in Church
and State. By tlie careful management of its property its income
was raised to £10,000 a year. In accordance Avith the Founder's
Statutes the Mercers appointed annually two Surveyors — the Surveyor
Accountant (who of late years was usually the outgoing Master of
the Company) and the Surveyor Assistant (the Master of the Company
for the year) — to manage the affairs of the School. But on the 24th
of March, 1876, a new scheme, made by the Endowed Schools
Commissioners (1869), received her Majesty's sanction, whereby
although the management of the estates remains Avith the Mercers
the government of the School is transferred to a body of t\\enty-
two Governors, of whom the Mercers appoint nine, together with
their Master and three Wardens for the year, and the remaining
nine are appointed equally by the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge,
and London, This arrangement seems to carry out Colet's wish
expressed in the statutes that " the Wardens and assistences of the
felowshipp of the Mercers may adde and diminish into his boke
and supply in it every defaute with suych other counsel as they
shall call unto theme, good litterid and lernyd menne" (.see
Appendix B.).



H 2



INTRODUCTION.



THE MASTEES.

Colet provided that his scholars slioiild be taught by two masters,
the High Master and the Surmaster : he also desired that they
should employ the assistance of the Chaplain, if he were found
qualified. This arrangement appears to have held good for
nearly thi'ee hiindred years, the High Master teaching the Upper
Classes while the Surmaster, assisted by the Chaplain (or Usher),
took charge of the younger boys. In the time of Thicknesse
and the early part of Roberts' High Mastership, about one half
of the School was under the Chaplain in the First and Second
Classes ; another quarter under the Surmaster in the Third and
Fourth ; while the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Classes, under
the High Master, were barely a quarter of the School. At length,
however, under Dr. Roberts, a more even distribution was made,
and he obtained the services of an Assistant or Fourth Master,
who relieved him of the Fifth and Sixth Classes. This arrangement
lasted till 1854, when, on the death of Mr. Roberts the Fourth
Master, Mr. Carver, the then Surmaster, took over the Fifth and
Sixth, the new Fourth Master, Mr. Hudson, taking the Third and
Fourth : and when, on the resignation of Mr. Cooper, Mr. Hudson
became Third Master (Chaplain or Usher), he retained charge of
his Classes, the noAv Fourth Master taldng the First and Second
Classes.

THE STUDIES.

Colet founded his School to give instruction in Latin and
Greek ; and except that Writing and Arithmetic appear to have
been taught to some selected boys during the eighteenth century,
nothing beyond Latin, Greek, and Hebrew was taught in the School
for over three hundred years. Soon after the appointment of
Dr. Kynaston (1838) an Arithmetic and Mathematical Master was
for the first time added to the Staff, and about 1853 French was
introduced as a subject of study. Hebrew was taught in the School
by Langley (1640-57) ; and Strype, writing after the Fire, speaks
of the boys as then instructed in Greek, Latin, Hebrew, and
sometimes other Oriental languages. Pepys heard the "head Forms
posed in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew" in 1662; and in 1710 Hebrew
was among the subjects offered at the Apposition by the Seventh
and Eighth Classes.



I



INTRODUCTION.



THE SCHOLAKS.

Colet offered his scholars a higher education than any which



Online LibraryEngland) St. Paul's School (LondonAdmission registers of St. Paul's school, from 1748 to 1876 → online text (page 1 of 52)